Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1073
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Brodin Elisabeth - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic end-stage renal diseases have decreased physical fitness. This physical deconditioning is relative but the consequences in daily life are related to functional thresholds. The main purpose of this study was to gather information about physical performance, physical fitness and activity in predialysis patients. A second aim ...
Carter Gregory - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility of a computerised assessment and to compare resulting quality of life scores among oncology carers and patients. METHODS: Six hundred and twenty-two subjects (carers n = 234, patients n = 388) attending an oncology or haematology clinic completed the WHO-Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) and demographics ...
Couto Cláudio I - - 2008
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain. It has negative effects on quality of life and has been poorly investigated in specific populations. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of FMS in Brazilian hemodialysis (HD) patients and to investigate its effects on the quality of life. We ...
Fensli R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This project focuses on how patients respond to wearable biomedical sensors, since patient acceptance of this type of monitoring technology is essential for enhancing the quality of the data being measured. There is a lack of validated questionnaires measuring patient acceptance of telemedical solutions, and little information is known ...
Morell-Dubois S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Stress might be a triggering factor causing pemphigus. We studied 11 consecutive cases of pemphigus over 5 years. OBJECTIVE: Studying and looking for a link between severe life events and the history of the disease. METHODS: An epidemiological retrospective and prospective study was carried out, including an interview and ...
de Groot Ingrid B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) was constructed in Sweden. This questionnaire has proved to be valid for several orthopedic interventions of the knee. It has been formally translated and validated in several languages, but not yet in Dutch. The purpose of the present study was to ...
Verhoog Judith - - 2008
Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS) is an autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder characterized by spasticity, learning disability, and ichthyosis. To our knowledge, there is no detailed report in the literature concerning the functional consequences of SLS. Therefore, we performed a cross-sectional study of motor performance and everyday functioning in 17 patients with this ...
Van Rompaey Bart - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several reports indicate a high incidence of intensive care delirium. To develop strategies to prevent this complication, validated instruments are needed. The Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) is widely used. A binary result diagnoses delirium. The Neelon and Champagne (NEECHAM) Confusion Scale recently has been ...
Fukui Mitsuru - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To establish a patient-oriented outcome measure for cervical myelopathy, a subcommittee of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) developed a new scoring system to evaluate the overall clinical status of patients, which could be completed by patients themselves. The subcommittee completed three large-scale studies to select and modify questions derived ...
Mohaseb Kam - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To construct a patient-based symptom questionnaire to facilitate early referral of thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) in Graves' hyperthyroidism (GH). METHODS: Phase I of our study involved developing a symptomatology-based questionnaire for the self-reporting of TAO symptoms in patients recently diagnosed with GH. Phase II involved administering the questionnaire along with ...
Vilaseca Isabel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic management of laryngeal carcinoma has gained popularity among laryngologists based on the good oncologic and functional results. We evaluated the voice quality after laser cordectomy for early glottic cancer in a variety of vocal situations and its relation with the extension of resection and the age. METHODS: We ...
Kald Anders - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Peristomal bulging caused by hernia or prolapse is common in patients with a sigmoidostomy. It is not known whether and to what extent peristomal bulging influences various daily activities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of bulging by using a general and disease-specific health scale ...
Wee Christina C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess how well the SF-36, a well-validated generic quality of life (QOL) instrument, compares with its shorter adaptation, the SF-12, in capturing differences in QOL among patients with and without obesity. METHODS: We compared the correlation between the physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component summary measures of the ...
Haroutiunian Simon - - 2008
Cannabinoids have been used for pain relief for centuries and recent studies have investigated their analgesic and anti-inflammatory mechanisms, as well as clinical efficacy, in treating chronic pain. We report an open-label study addressed to evaluate the effect and adverse events of orally administered Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-9-THC) in 13 patients with ...
Stineman Margaret G - - 2008
To introduce Recovery Preference Exploration (RPE) as a new technique for studying the personal significance of being able to perform one type of functional activity over others. To determine if patients' concepts of function reflect the ADL, sphincter management, mobility and cognition (ASMC) domains established through the factor analyses of ...
Medeiros Marta Maria C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine health-related quality of life in Brazilian patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and compare patients using cyclophosphamide (CP) pulse therapy with those who do not use it. METHODS: Patients with SLE using or not CP completed the SF-36 and SRQ-20 (psychological morbidity) questionnaire. The Lupus Activity Criteria ...
Akar Servet - - 2008
The aims of the study were to assess the health-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with Takayasu's arteritis (TA) by two different generic QOL instruments and to compare the results with those patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and healthy controls (HC). A cross-sectional study was performed ...
Bendelow J - - 2008
As clinical awareness increases, carcinoid is becoming increasingly identified, often at an earlier stage in the course of the disease. However, many patients remain undiagnosed until well into the late stages of the illness, at the time when their carcinoid syndrome becomes apparent. This review examines contemporary methods of detecting ...
Davies E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is little information concerning how much health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) information is elicited in dermatology outpatient consultations. OBJECTIVES: To observe and record ad hoc HRQoL discussion in inflammatory skin disease consultations, to systematically measure the patient's HRQoL and to measure patient satisfaction with dermatology care. METHODS: Clinic consultations of ...
Jacobs Deborah S - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine if the Boston Scleral Lens Prosthetic Device (BSLPD) reduces symptoms and improves quality of life in patients with severe dry eye from chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD). METHODS: This is a noncomparative interventional case series reporting 33 consecutive patients with severe dry eye from cGvHD, unresponsive to conventional ...
Szarras-Czapnik Maria - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To provide late adolescent and young adult psychosexual follow-up information on a consecutive series of patients with either mixed or partial gonadal dysgenesis. SETTING: Children's Memorial Health Institute (Warsaw, Poland). PARTICIPANTS: 19 patients (age range, 17-26 years), 9 raised as females and 10 raised as males. MEASURES: Clinical ...
Stulemeijer Maja - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare nonreferred, emergency department (ED)-admitted mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) patients with and without self-reported cognitive complaints on (1) demographic variables and injury characteristics; (2) neuropsychological test performance; (3) 12-day self-monitoring of perceived cognitive problems; and (4) emotional distress, physical functioning, and personality. METHODS: (Neuro)psychological assessment was carried ...
Litvack Jamie R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: First, to examine the impact of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) on endoscopic and quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes after revision ESS as compared to primary ESS. Second, to evaluate whether or not other risk factors and/or co-morbidities influence the relationship between revision surgery status and outcomes of ESS. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective ...
Kasparek Michael S - - 2007
PURPOSE: Symptomatic perianal fistulas impair quality of life in patients with Crohn's disease. Fecal diversion improves symptoms but may impair quality of life. This study was designed to compare long-term quality of life in patients with Crohn's disease with symptomatic perianal fistulas who were treated with or without fecal diversion. ...
Libson Shai - - 2007
The study is a retrospective review of 60 patients undergoing bilateral T2-T3 thoracoscopic sympathectomy for palmar hyperhidrosis in our department between 1997 and 2003. The study was based on a telephone questionnaire and medical chart review. Forty patients (67%) replied to the questionnaire and were included in the study. Postoperative ...
Dauvilliers Yves - - 2007
Comorbid insomnia and other sleep disturbances are common in patients with neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's or Alzheimer's disease. Insomnia in patients with neurological conditions may occur as a direct consequence of the disease itself or may be secondary to factors associated with the condition, such as pain, depression or ...
Alexander Marcus - - 2007
This was an open-label study to asses the association of changes in hemoglobin with changes in health related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients treated with darbepoetin alfa. Originally, 81 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients not on dialysis and naïve to erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESA) were randomly assigned into two ...
Gilbar Ora - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were (1) to assess similarities and differences between women cancer patients and their spouses in terms of coping strategies, psychological distress and doctor-patient/spouse relationships; and (2) to investigate the impact of formal social support, namely the doctor-patient relationship and coping strategies, on patients' and ...
Vestberg Susanna - - 2007
The aims are to study personality characteristics of patients with memory complaints and to assess the presence of objective (OMI) versus subjective (SMI) memory impairment, the affective status, as well as potential gender differences. The patients were assessed by means of a neuropsychiatric examination and a neuropsychological test-battery. The Swedish ...
Carpentier Patrick H - - 2007
The goal was to create a simple diagnostic scoring system able to differentiate leg symptoms related to chronic venous disorders (CVD) from those produced by other causes. A prospective observational study was done of ambulatory or hospitalized patients from 13 private and five institutional vascular centers. Two groups of patients ...
Teul I - - 2007
Contemporary studies provide proof of coincidence between diseases of upper and lower airways ("united airways disease"; "one-airway disease"). 184 patients from Szczecin with acute (AS) and chronic sinusitis (CS), aged between 18-78 years (mean age 45.7+/-14.7) were examined. The questionnaire used (SF-36; short form, 36 questions) allowed for a comparison ...
Landau K - - 2007
The current paper examines an assessment instrument used for combined medical and occupational rehabilitation (MOR) in a group of German hospitals. Patients with a history of musculo-skeletal disease make up a significant proportion of those undergoing rehabilitation. Scale and factor structures, discriminant factors and clustering procedures used in the Bavaria ...
Yang Ju-Yeh - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disorders are common in end-stage renal disease patients. This study examined the relationship between self-reported quality of sleep (QoS) and certain psychosocial domains for patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: The study subjects included 190 PD patients from 7 urban dialysis clinics in Northern Taiwan, from whom we ...
Norman Kristina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a common problem in patients with digestive disease and is associated with impaired outcome. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of a three-month post-hospital nutritional intervention with high protein and energy supplements on body composition, muscle function and quality of life (QoL) in malnourished GI patients. PATIENTS AND ...
García-Peris P - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To determine the prevalence of dysphagia in head and neck cancer patients treated with surgery and radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. To study the impact of dysphagia on food habits, nutritional status, and quality of life. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study of 87 head and neck cancer patients treated with ...
Pelegrí A - - 2007
Anaemia has a high incidence in cancer patients, especially when it is a consequence of myelosuppressive treatments. The incidence and prevalence of this condition is influenced by the type and extension of the tumour, type and intensity of the myelosuppressive treatment that patients receive, and previous surgery or intercurrent infections. ...
Hirota Sílvio Kenji - - 2007
This study was aimed at assessing the quality of life in patients submitted to surgical treatment for minor salivary gland neoplasms (MSGN). Twelve patients (10 women and 2 men, mean age: 49.4 years) with histopathologic diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma (PA, 3 cases), polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA, 2 cases), cystic adenoid ...
Hongo Michio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to document the psychometric characteristics of the Japanese translation of the Quality of Life in Reflux and Dyspepsia (QOLRAD-J) questionnaire in patients with heartburn. METHODS: Patients with heartburn or acid regurgitation and healthy subjects completed the QOLRAD-J and the Japanese version of the ...
T-J Goon Anthony - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Generalized idiopathic pruritus is a rarely studied heterogeneous condition, where patients with non-inflamed, non-pathologic skin complain of widespread pruritus. METHODS: We had administered a detailed pruritus questionnaire, based on the short form of the McGill pain questionnaire, on 75 patients with this condition. RESULTS: All 75 patients recruited with ...
Sataloff Robert T - - 2007
Comprehensive physical examination is essential when evaluating patients. Often it includes objective voice assessment and measures along with strobovideolaryngoscopy. In all cases physical examination involves a thorough examination of the ears, nose, throat, neck, posture, cranial nerve function (usually), and assessment of the patient's general (systemic) physical condition. Performance assessment ...
Fok Margaret W M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the application of a translated version of an established self-administered questionnaire for carpal tunnel syndrome on Chinese patients in Hong Kong. DESIGN: Evaluation of an instrument tool. SETTING: Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong; Holistic Medical Centre, Aberdeen, Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with ...
Lerdal A - - 2007
We sought to identify clinical characteristics and socio-demographic variables associated with longitudinal patterns of fatigue in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. A questionnaire including the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) was mailed to a community sample of 502 MS patients three times 1 year apart. Three patterns of fatigue were defined: persistent ...
Scharloo Margreet - - 2007
This study aimed at identifying cognitive and emotional representations relevant for improving health care communication and quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). One-hundred-seventy-one COPD outpatients completed questionnaires on illness perceptions and QoL. After controlling for the effects of age, pulmonary function, and dyspnea, patients ...
MacPherson Rob - - 2007
BACKGROUND, AIMS: Although clinical use of needs assessment tools is widespread, there is little evidence about their value in longitudinal use. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with changing needs in an assertive outreach (AO) team's caseload, over a 6-month rating period. METHODS: The Camberwell Assessment of Needs ...
- - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is no widely accepted objective evaluation for lumbar spine disorders. New outcome measures should be patient-oriented and should measure symptoms and self-reported functional status in multiple dimensions. The aim of this study was to identify items to be included in the disease-specific quality of life (QOL) questionnaire for ...
dos Santos Fernanda - - 2007
Analysis of patient classification instruments available in the literature shows that many significant aspects related to the assistance to patients with wounds are not approached, evidencing the importance to elaborate criteria to assess these patients. This study proposes the development of new of areas of care to complement the Fugulin ...
Shaw David - - 2007
It is widely accepted in clinical ethics that removing a patient from a ventilator at the patient's request is ethically permissible. This constitutes voluntary passive euthanasia. However, voluntary active euthanasia, such as giving a patient a lethal overdose with the intention of ending that patient's life, is ethically proscribed, as ...
Jarden M - - 2007
Substantial physical and functional deconditioning and diminished psychological wellbeing are all potential adverse effects of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety and benefits (physical and functional capacity) of a 4-6 week supervised and structured mixed-type exercise, progressive relaxation and psychoeducation ...
Rao Satish S C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pathophysiological characteristics differ between slow transit constipation (STC) and dyssynergic defecation, but whether psychological profiles and quality of life (QOL) are altered and whether they differ among these constipation subtypes are unknown. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated psychological profiles and QOL in 76 patients with dyssynergia, 38 patients with STC, ...
Hasan A - - 2007
AIMS: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a dominantly inherited connective tissue disorder caused by mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene. Past research has focused on younger patients as lifespan was known to be significantly reduced. This study aims to describe the complications, including those affecting the eyes, heart and musculoskeletal system, faced ...
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