Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1153
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Rodríguez-Andreu Jose - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the frequency of cognitive impairment in patients with Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from all 46 patients with FMS and 92 age- and sex-matched controls per diagnosis of neuropathic (NeP) or mixed pain (MP) selected from ...
Myhill Sarah - - 2009
This study aims to improve the health of patients suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) by interventions based on the biochemistry of the illness, specifically the function of mitochondria in producing ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the energy currency for all body functions, and recycling ADP (adenosine diphosphate) to replenish the ATP ...
Iversen Maura D - - 2009
PURPOSE: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), a degenerative disease encountered in adults > 65 years, is a leading cause of back and lower extremity pain, weakness, impaired sensation and balance. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether patients with LSS demonstrate increased postural sway and impaired balance, compared ...
Wong Adrian - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Hong Kong Montreal Cognitive Assessment (HK-MoCA) in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). METHODS: 40 SVD patients and 40 matched controls were recruited. Concurrent and criterion validity, inter-rater and test-retest reliability, internal consistency of the HK-MoCA were examined and clinical observations ...
Dezutter Jessie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the relations between religious attitudes and subjective well-being in a sample of chronic pain (CP) patients and to investigate whether these associations would differ from those obtained with healthy controls. METHOD: A total of 155 CP patients (72% women) and ...
Met Rosemarie - - 2009
The AMC Linear Disability Score (ALDS) is a calibrated generic itembank to measure the level of physical disability in patients with chronic diseases. The ALDS has already been validated in different patient populations suffering from chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the clinimetric properties of the ...
Sullivan Asa - - 2009
Disturbances in intestinal microbial ecology and in the immune system of the host have been implicated as a part of the pathogenesis in chronic fatigue syndrome. Probiotic lactic acid producing bacteria have been shown to prevent and alleviate gastrointestinal disturbances and to normalize the cytokine profile which might be of ...
Gall Carolin - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess vision-related quality of life (QoL) in patients with visual field loss (VFL) after lesions of the postchiasmatic visual pathway and to investigate the influence of VFL and reduced visual acuity (VA) on vision-related QoL. METHODS: In 312 patients with postchiasmatic damage, ...
Scott Jeffrey R - - 2009
Body mass index (BMI) must be considered when selecting patients suitable for abdomen-based microsurgical breast reconstruction. It is unknown whether BMI or age affects quality or quantity of abdominal wall perforating blood vessels. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in abdominal wall perforating blood vessels among patients ...
Almansa Cristina - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fibromyalgia is a rheumatologic disorder associated with somatic and psychologic conditions. Although fibromyalgia is associated with irritable bowel syndrome, its relationship with other functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) is unclear. We evaluated the prevalence of FGID in patients with fibromyalgia and the role of psychologic factors in this ...
Kristensen Gunn B B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Instruments for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) should undergo a standardized evaluation including a user-test before being marketed. In this study the results from standardized evaluations of nine different SMBG instruments are presented, and the standardized evaluation is discussed. METHODS: Approximately 80 diabetes patients using three lots of test ...
Hascelik Gulen - - 2009
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the frequency of intestinal inflammation and its association with disease activity, functional status and quality of life in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). A total of 25 patients with AS had undergone ileocolonoscopy and concomitant histological study. Clinical and demographical parameters, ...
Chaumet G - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Many patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) report chronic fatigue, and previous studies showed a potential relationship between sleepiness and fatigue in these patients. Our study first looked at the impact of objective and subjective sleepiness on fatigue in patients with TBI. We then investigated how fatigue could affect ...
Nojomi Marzieh - - 2008
The present study was conducted to determine the health-related quality of life in patients living with human immunodeficiency virus or suffering from acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), referred to Behavioral Diseases Consultation Center in west of Tehran, Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted using a convenience sampling method on 139 ...
Bialocerkowski Andrea E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To document the activity limitations experienced by patients who had undergone a 4-corner wrist fusion, and the compensatory mechanisms they use in daily life. METHODS: Patients completed 2 copies of the Adelaide Questionnaire, a measure with a standardized section and an individualized section. The test-retest reliability of the questionnaire ...
Slovacek L - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) and the effect of arterial balloon angioplasty (ABA) on QoL of patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). METHODS: The study is a prospective and longitudinal one and was carried out at the 2nd Internal Clinic ...
Loponen Pertti - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We wanted to identify determinants for postoperative delirium and its influence on health related quality of life (HRQoL) during 36-month follow-up of coronary artery bypass (CABG) patients. DESIGN: A total of 302 patients were retrospectively analyzed. HRQoL was assessed prospectively by the 15D instrument. Delirium was diagnosed clinically. RESULTS: ...
Mirone Vincenzo - - 2009
Effects of renal transplantation (RT) on erectile dysfunction (ED) is a controversial issue. To verify the efficacy of RT in restoring erectile function (EF) in hemodialysed patients. We conducted a prospective, interventional, nonrandomised study from September 2001 to September 2005 on 78 hemodialysed male patients undergoing RT. EF was evaluated ...
van Ittersum M W - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Former studies in chronic diseases showed the importance of patients' beliefs and perceptions. The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire was developed to assess these illness perceptions. Our goal was to investigate psychometric properties of the IPQ-R for Fibromyalgia Dutch language version (IPQ-R FM-Dlv) and to describe illness perceptions of participants ...
Shin H-W - - 2008
Several reports have suggested a high incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED) among patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between OSAS and ED, or disease-specific quality of life (QOL) in patients with OSAS. In addition, we analyzed specific polysomnographic (PSG) ...
Yundt-Pacheco John - - 2008
The expected number of unacceptable patient results due to an undetected, malfunction--E(Nu)--can be set as a patient-based quality goal. Using the number of patients tested between QC specimens as a design parameter allows one to design QC strategies that meet specified patient-based quality goals. The QC utilization rate can be ...
Varjú C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate the Hungarian version of the DASH and the shorter QuickDASH Outcome Measures and to establish their validity in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: The Hungarian adaptation of the questionnaires was performed using forward/backward translations, expert and lay reviews. 128 patients completed the DASH, the ...
Vandervelde Laure - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the agreement between the self-reported and examiner-reported difficulties of patients with neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) in performing daily activities at home. DESIGN: A comparison between 2 methods of administering a measurement instrument. SETTING: Neuromuscular reference center in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients (N=57) with diagnosed NMDs living ...
Miehsler Wolfgang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is frequent in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Whether there is a need for psychological interventions is unknown. This study investigated the quantity and quality of the need for psychological interventions in IBD as compared to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In all, 302 patients with IBD and 109 ...
Roozen Hendrik G - - 2008
This paper describes the development of a new 139-item behavioral questionnaire (PAL) assessing the frequency and enjoyability of pleasant activities occurring in the natural environment of patients with substance use disorders. The sample consisted of 265 patients with mainly substance use disorders and 272 healthy controls. Group comparisons indicated that ...
Vu David D - - 2008
PURPOSE: Head and neck neoplasms requiring surgical resection of the mandible can have negative consequences on patient quality of life. For patients with segmental resections, the vascularized fibular free flap and nonvascularized iliac crest are frequently used. The fibula has surpassed the iliac crest in popularity due to the success ...
Bäärnhielm Sofie - - 2008
Culturally capable care requires that clinicians possess insights into patients' reasoning about illness. It is universally common for emotional distress to be expressed in terms of somatic symptoms. Converting meanings of illness from a somatic to a psychological agenda for understanding distress may be complicated for patients. Objectives of this ...
Breukink Stephanie O - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The potential contribution of psychological and anatomical changes to sexual dysfunction in female patients following short-term preoperative radiotherapy (5 x 5 Gy) and total mesorectal excision (TME) is not clear. Aim. In this study we assessed female sexual dysfunction in patients who underwent radiotherapy and TME for rectal cancer. ...
Snyder Claire F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study comparing ITP patients' HRQOL to age and gender matched controls. ITP patients from the Platelet Disorder Support Association were recruited until 1000 surveys had been ...
Hart Dennis L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We tested the item response theory (IRT) model assumptions of the original item bank, and evaluated the practical and psychometric adequacy, of a computerized adaptive test (CAT) for patients with foot or ankle impairments seeking rehabilitation in outpatient therapy clinics. METHODS: Data from 10,287 patients with foot or ankle ...
Udipi Sharanya - - 2008
Empathic connection with one's patients is essential to genetic counselor clinical practice. However, repeatedly engaging with distressed patients may cause compassion fatigue, a phenomenon characterized as feeling overwhelmed by experiencing patients' suffering. In order to extend findings of an initial qualitative study, we surveyed 222 genetic counselors about their compassion ...
Thombs B D - - 2008
There are no studies of fatigue levels in patients with SSc. The objective of this study was to compare fatigue in SSc to general population samples and patients with rheumatic diseases and cancer, where fatigue has been researched extensively. SSc patients completed the General Fatigue Index (GFI) of the Multidimensional ...
Piperidou Charitomeni - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim was to study the influence of patients' age, frequency and type of seizures, disease duration, number of AEDs and use of benzodiazepines on the quality of life of patients with epilepsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We consecutively identified 223 patients with epilepsy who attended the epilepsy outpatient clinics ...
de Ridder Denise - - 2008
This Review discusses physiological, emotional, behavioural, and cognitive aspects of psychological adjustment to chronic illness. Reviewing the reports of the past decade, we identify four innovative and promising themes that are relevant for understanding and explaining psychological adjustment. In particular, the emphasis on the reasons why people fail to achieve ...
Zlupko Michael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains a debilitating and life-threatening disease despite improvements in hemodynamics, exercise capacity and survival with recent therapeutic advances. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has, therefore, been proposed as an important outcome for evaluating care. Relatively little, however, is known regarding HRQOL or its determinants in ...
Wagenblast Jens - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced head and neck cancer often require radical and mutilating surgery resulting in severe impairment of their aesthetic self-perception and social life. Cosmetically satisfying results associated with high aesthetic self-perception and social reintegration are possible with bone-anchored epithesis representing a serious alternative to craniofacial reconstructive techniques using ...
Leung Ying-Ying - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Rasch item response theory analysis is essential in evaluating measurement tools in specific disease cohorts. We compared the performance of 4 functional indexes in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in axial or peripheral disease subgroups. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a single center. Functional outcomes assessed by ...
Simrén M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common, but poorly understood symptom in patients with chronic gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. AIM: To evaluate factors of importance for fatigue in patients with chronic GI diseases, and to compare it with fatigue in the general population. METHODS: In all, 399 patients attending a GI out-patient clinic ...
Ward Michael M - - 2008
We sought to identify specific occupational activities associated with functional limitations and radiographic damage in patients with longstanding ankylosing spondylitis (AS). We asked patients diagnosed with AS for >or=20 years to report all past occupations, which we mapped to specific physical activities using the Occupational Information Network, which is the ...
Efficace Fabio - - 2008
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is increasingly reported as an important outcome in cancer clinical trials. However, very little evidence exists on the impact of such evaluation in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of leukaemia patients. A systematic search of the literature from 1980 to 2007 was undertaken and studies were ...
Hoopman Rianne - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: (1) To translate and validate the COOP/WONCA charts in Turkish, Moroccan-Arabic, and Tarifit for use among ethnic minority cancer patients in the Netherlands, and (2) to determine the patient-proxy agreement for Dutch speaking proxies. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Ninety Turkish patients (with 36 proxies) and 79 Moroccan patients (with ...
Compton Peggy A PA Acute Care Section, School of Nursing at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095-6918, USA. - - 2008
The Prescription Drug Use Questionnaire (PDUQ) is one of several published tools developed to help clinicians better identify the presence of opioid abuse or dependence in patients with chronic pain. This paper introduces a patient version of the PDUQ (PDUQp), a 31-item questionnaire derived from the items of the original ...
Yoda Noriko - - 2008
AIM: Adult patients with type 2 diabetes were classified using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). This classification was used to propose effective therapeutic approaches based on subtypes of psychological characteristics. METHODS: The TCI and various psychological tests were administered to 89 patients (54 men and 35 women). Cluster analysis ...
Pesudovs Konrad - - 2008
PURPOSE: To test the validity of the Impact of Visual Impairment (IVI) questionnaire in a cataract population. SETTING: Flinders Eye Centre, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia. METHODS: Cataract patients recruited from a hospital waiting list completed the IVI questionnaire. The scale was assessed for fit to the ...
Dachille G - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the sexual dysfunction in patients affected by multiple sclerosis. METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2007, 221 consecutive patients, 97 women and 124 men, were included in the study. Age range was 20+/-65 years (average 38.77). Fifty-two patients, 14 women (26.9%) ...
Palese Alvisa - - 2008
AIMS: To determine if patients with left- or right-sided hemisphere neoplasm perceive their quality of life (QoL) differently. BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether patients with a lesion in the left hemisphere have a different QoL than those with a lesion in the right hemisphere. (1) In the pre-operative period, ...
Cho H J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Causal attribution influences symptom experience, help-seeking behaviour and prognosis in chronic fatigue syndrome. We compared causal attribution of patients with unexplained chronic fatigue (UCF) in Brazil and Britain. METHOD: Primary care attenders in São Paulo (n = 3914) and London (n = 2459) were screened for the presence of ...
Kinder Bill N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maddi et al. (Obes Surg, 7:397-404, 1997) reported significant elevations on several MMPI-2 scales in a morbidly obese population. Since the number of patients presenting for bariatric surgery has increased significantly in the decade since this study, we replicated the original Maddi et al. study to investigate if there ...
Shah Aparna D - - 2008
The objective of this study is to develop a reliable, validated questionnaire to assess patient knowledge about urinary incontinence (UI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We designed a written questionnaire comprised of UI and POP scales and administered it to 133 gynecologic and 61 urogynecologic patients. We performed a principal ...
Emad Yasser - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: (1) To investigate dysfunction of hippocampus in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), and to compare these findings with healthy controls. (2) To correlate levels of metabolites obtained with aspects of cognition, depression, and sleep symptoms in the patient group. METHODS: The case-control study ...
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