Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1128
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Vu David D - - 2008
PURPOSE: Head and neck neoplasms requiring surgical resection of the mandible can have negative consequences on patient quality of life. For patients with segmental resections, the vascularized fibular free flap and nonvascularized iliac crest are frequently used. The fibula has surpassed the iliac crest in popularity due to the success ...
Bäärnhielm Sofie - - 2008
Culturally capable care requires that clinicians possess insights into patients' reasoning about illness. It is universally common for emotional distress to be expressed in terms of somatic symptoms. Converting meanings of illness from a somatic to a psychological agenda for understanding distress may be complicated for patients. Objectives of this ...
Breukink Stephanie O - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The potential contribution of psychological and anatomical changes to sexual dysfunction in female patients following short-term preoperative radiotherapy (5 x 5 Gy) and total mesorectal excision (TME) is not clear. Aim. In this study we assessed female sexual dysfunction in patients who underwent radiotherapy and TME for rectal cancer. ...
Snyder Claire F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study comparing ITP patients' HRQOL to age and gender matched controls. ITP patients from the Platelet Disorder Support Association were recruited until 1000 surveys had been ...
Hart Dennis L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We tested the item response theory (IRT) model assumptions of the original item bank, and evaluated the practical and psychometric adequacy, of a computerized adaptive test (CAT) for patients with foot or ankle impairments seeking rehabilitation in outpatient therapy clinics. METHODS: Data from 10,287 patients with foot or ankle ...
Udipi Sharanya - - 2008
Empathic connection with one's patients is essential to genetic counselor clinical practice. However, repeatedly engaging with distressed patients may cause compassion fatigue, a phenomenon characterized as feeling overwhelmed by experiencing patients' suffering. In order to extend findings of an initial qualitative study, we surveyed 222 genetic counselors about their compassion ...
Thombs B D - - 2008
There are no studies of fatigue levels in patients with SSc. The objective of this study was to compare fatigue in SSc to general population samples and patients with rheumatic diseases and cancer, where fatigue has been researched extensively. SSc patients completed the General Fatigue Index (GFI) of the Multidimensional ...
Piperidou Charitomeni - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim was to study the influence of patients' age, frequency and type of seizures, disease duration, number of AEDs and use of benzodiazepines on the quality of life of patients with epilepsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We consecutively identified 223 patients with epilepsy who attended the epilepsy outpatient clinics ...
de Ridder Denise - - 2008
This Review discusses physiological, emotional, behavioural, and cognitive aspects of psychological adjustment to chronic illness. Reviewing the reports of the past decade, we identify four innovative and promising themes that are relevant for understanding and explaining psychological adjustment. In particular, the emphasis on the reasons why people fail to achieve ...
Zlupko Michael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains a debilitating and life-threatening disease despite improvements in hemodynamics, exercise capacity and survival with recent therapeutic advances. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has, therefore, been proposed as an important outcome for evaluating care. Relatively little, however, is known regarding HRQOL or its determinants in ...
Wagenblast Jens - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced head and neck cancer often require radical and mutilating surgery resulting in severe impairment of their aesthetic self-perception and social life. Cosmetically satisfying results associated with high aesthetic self-perception and social reintegration are possible with bone-anchored epithesis representing a serious alternative to craniofacial reconstructive techniques using ...
Leung Ying-Ying - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Rasch item response theory analysis is essential in evaluating measurement tools in specific disease cohorts. We compared the performance of 4 functional indexes in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in axial or peripheral disease subgroups. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a single center. Functional outcomes assessed by ...
Simrén M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common, but poorly understood symptom in patients with chronic gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. AIM: To evaluate factors of importance for fatigue in patients with chronic GI diseases, and to compare it with fatigue in the general population. METHODS: In all, 399 patients attending a GI out-patient clinic ...
Ward Michael M - - 2008
We sought to identify specific occupational activities associated with functional limitations and radiographic damage in patients with longstanding ankylosing spondylitis (AS). We asked patients diagnosed with AS for >or=20 years to report all past occupations, which we mapped to specific physical activities using the Occupational Information Network, which is the ...
Efficace Fabio - - 2008
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is increasingly reported as an important outcome in cancer clinical trials. However, very little evidence exists on the impact of such evaluation in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of leukaemia patients. A systematic search of the literature from 1980 to 2007 was undertaken and studies were ...
Hoopman Rianne - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: (1) To translate and validate the COOP/WONCA charts in Turkish, Moroccan-Arabic, and Tarifit for use among ethnic minority cancer patients in the Netherlands, and (2) to determine the patient-proxy agreement for Dutch speaking proxies. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Ninety Turkish patients (with 36 proxies) and 79 Moroccan patients (with ...
Compton Peggy A PA Acute Care Section, School of Nursing at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095-6918, USA. - - 2008
The Prescription Drug Use Questionnaire (PDUQ) is one of several published tools developed to help clinicians better identify the presence of opioid abuse or dependence in patients with chronic pain. This paper introduces a patient version of the PDUQ (PDUQp), a 31-item questionnaire derived from the items of the original ...
Yoda Noriko - - 2008
AIM: Adult patients with type 2 diabetes were classified using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). This classification was used to propose effective therapeutic approaches based on subtypes of psychological characteristics. METHODS: The TCI and various psychological tests were administered to 89 patients (54 men and 35 women). Cluster analysis ...
Pesudovs Konrad - - 2008
PURPOSE: To test the validity of the Impact of Visual Impairment (IVI) questionnaire in a cataract population. SETTING: Flinders Eye Centre, Flinders Medical Centre, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia. METHODS: Cataract patients recruited from a hospital waiting list completed the IVI questionnaire. The scale was assessed for fit to the ...
Dachille G - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the sexual dysfunction in patients affected by multiple sclerosis. METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2007, 221 consecutive patients, 97 women and 124 men, were included in the study. Age range was 20+/-65 years (average 38.77). Fifty-two patients, 14 women (26.9%) ...
Palese Alvisa - - 2008
AIMS: To determine if patients with left- or right-sided hemisphere neoplasm perceive their quality of life (QoL) differently. BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether patients with a lesion in the left hemisphere have a different QoL than those with a lesion in the right hemisphere. (1) In the pre-operative period, ...
Cho H J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Causal attribution influences symptom experience, help-seeking behaviour and prognosis in chronic fatigue syndrome. We compared causal attribution of patients with unexplained chronic fatigue (UCF) in Brazil and Britain. METHOD: Primary care attenders in São Paulo (n = 3914) and London (n = 2459) were screened for the presence of ...
Kinder Bill N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maddi et al. (Obes Surg, 7:397-404, 1997) reported significant elevations on several MMPI-2 scales in a morbidly obese population. Since the number of patients presenting for bariatric surgery has increased significantly in the decade since this study, we replicated the original Maddi et al. study to investigate if there ...
Shah Aparna D - - 2008
The objective of this study is to develop a reliable, validated questionnaire to assess patient knowledge about urinary incontinence (UI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We designed a written questionnaire comprised of UI and POP scales and administered it to 133 gynecologic and 61 urogynecologic patients. We performed a principal ...
Emad Yasser - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: (1) To investigate dysfunction of hippocampus in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), and to compare these findings with healthy controls. (2) To correlate levels of metabolites obtained with aspects of cognition, depression, and sleep symptoms in the patient group. METHODS: The case-control study ...
Moldofsky Harvey - - 2008
The clinical focus of rheumatologists on the widespread pain and numerous tender points in specific anatomic regions in their patients who show no evidence for disease pathology has lead to the characterization of such peripheral symptoms as a specific disorder of the musculoskeletal system, now commonly known as fibromyalgia. This ...
Farrar John T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The measurement of spasticity as a symptom of neurologic disease is an area of growing interest. Clinician-rated measures of spasticity purport to be objective but do not measure the patient's experience and may not be sensitive to changes that are meaningful to the patient. In a patient with clinical ...
Webb S M - - 2008
Chronic exposure to hypercortisolism has significant impact on patient's health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), as demonstrated with generic questionnaires. We have developed a disease-generated questionnaire to evaluate HRQoL in patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS; CushingQoL). OBJECTIVE: Validate the CushingQoL questionnaire in patients with CS in clinical practice conditions. ...
Pachtinger Garret E - - 2008
Hypovolemia and hypoperfusion are common life-threatening problems in animals presented to the emergency veterinarian. Assessment of physical findings and rapid recognition and treatment of abnormal tissue perfusion are crucial in optimizing outcome. The clinician should be familiar with the disease being treated and the types of fluids that are available. ...
Cohen M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aims of this experiment were to assess the rate of neglect in hospitalized patients and to identify risk factors for neglect. METHODS: During 2004-2006, patients aged 70 years and older hospitalized in internal departments were screened for signs of neglect. Principal caregivers were interviewed too. RESULTS: Signs of ...
Ready Rebecca E RE Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA. - - 2008
Little is known about subjective perceptions of quality of life (QOL) in Huntington's disease (HD). The current study determined correlates of patient and caregiver QOL and assessed change over time. Participants were 22 patient-caregiver dyads, who rated QOL at baseline and 6 months later. Overall, patients' functional and cognitive impairment ...
Karapolat Hale - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and congestive heart failure (CHF) are two chronic diseases that affect negatively the functional condition and quality of life of patients. We assessed the effect of symptoms and clinical variables on the functional capacity and quality of life in COPD and CHF patients. METHODS: ...
Valeikiene Vaineta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare health-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with Parkinson's disease, osteoarthritis, and persons of a matched control group. MATERIAL/METHODS: The study was done in 178 patients (94 men and 84 women, 54 with Parkinson's disease and 58 with osteoarthritis) and 66 age- and sex-matched ...
Raza Naeem - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chilblains or perniosis is a moderately severe form of cold injury, localized to peripheral parts of the body, which occurs after exposure to non-freezing temperatures and damp conditions. Although inter-individual variations exist with respect to susceptibility to develop chilblains, no study has been carried out in this region to ...
Brown Paul D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a caregiver can provide reliable proxy quality of life (QOL) ratings of their adult significant other with a newly diagnosed high-grade glioma. METHODS: This prospective QOL study was a companion protocol for 3 phase II high-grade glioma protocols. At study entry, 2 months, and 4 months ...
Husein Omar F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of paradoxical vocal fold dysfunction (PVFD) has been unclear, but it has long been hypothesized that there is a significant psychological component. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the psychological profiles of patients newly diagnosed with PVFD using psychometrically-sound psychological assessment instruments. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective ...
Miaskowski Christine C Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0610, USA. - - 2008
Fatigue is the most common and distressing symptom reported by patients undergoing radiation therapy (RT). However, limited information is available on the trajectories of fatigue, as well as on the predictors of interindividual variability in fatigue. This study evaluated a sample of patients who underwent RT for prostate cancer to ...
Baker Rosalyn - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Altered basophil degranulation phenotypes are found in patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate CIU disease severity in relation to basophil histamine release (HR) characteristics. METHODS: Patients with CIU were recruited from allergy and dermatology clinics. Patients with recent use of systemic corticosteroids or immunosuppressants were excluded. ...
Welén Kerstin - - 2008
Little is known about possible gender differences among patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). Few studies have measured health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with FD using a population-based control group as a reference. This study aimed to determine the degree of HRQoL impairment among patients with FD, to assess ...
Boyland Lucy - - 2008
It is generally acknowledged that patients may find it particularly hard to accept a cancer diagnosis if the primary origin cannot be identified. However, there is very little research exploring this. AIMS: This is an exploratory mixed-method, largely qualitative, pilot study to explore patients' understanding of carcinoma of unknown primary ...
Pang Peter S - - 2008
Dyspnoea is the most common presenting symptom amongst patients with acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS). It is distressing to patients and therefore an important target for treatment in clinical practice, clinical trials, and for regulatory approval of novel agents. Despite its importance as a treatment target, no consensus exists on ...
Stübgen Joerg-Patrick - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Prospective studies of the natural history of a myopathy are effective means of measuring the status and progression of disease. This 10-year interval study of progressive weakness and functional decline was aimed to document the natural course of clinically well-characterized limb girdle muscular dystrophy in South Africa. METHODS: The ...
Chaveepojnkamjorn Wisit - - 2008
A cross-sectional study was conducted to explore the quality of life (QOL) and compliance among type 2 diabetic patients in Saraburi Province, Thailand. Compliance was assessed by evaluating dietary intake and life style patterns useful for diabetes patients to maintain health and prevent complications of the disease. A multistage sampling ...
Ali R - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Otitis externa (OE) is an extremely common dermatological condition that can affect social life and employment, but formal studies of its general health impact are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were two-folded, first to assess the impact of OE on various health determinants as measured by the ...
Aigmueller Th - - 2008
The objective of this study is to evaluate long-term anatomical results, symptoms of descent, and quality of life after vaginal sacrospinous fixation (SSF) through postoperative follow up study from one institution. Ninety nine women (mean 66 years) underwent vaginal SSF for vault prolapse at our institution. We contacted all patients ...
Gatchel Robert J - - 2008
The biopsychosocial perspective focuses on the interaction among biologic, psychological, and medicolegal variables of patients coping with a persistent medical condition. It is considered the most comprehensive and heuristic approach to psychological evaluation in the spine patient. Assessment proceeds in three steps, from global indices of emotional distress to evaluation ...
George Robert S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Longer term quality of life (QOL) outcome in patients who have had a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) explanted due to myocardial recovery (bridge to recovery, BTR) remains uncertain. This study evaluates the QOL of those patients and compares them to bridge-to-transplant (BTT) and transplanted (Tx) patients. METHODS: Anonymized ...
Sarzi-Puttini Piercarlo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of antipolymer antibody (APA) in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) and to examine its association with FM severity symptoms. METHODS: The study population consisted of 79 FM patients and 75 controls: 32 with psoriatic arthritis and 43 with rheumatoid arthritis APA levels were indirectly assayed using ...
McMillan Robert - - 2008
Adult chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a disorder manifested by varying degrees of purpura and mucosal bleeding, rarely including intracranial hemorrhage. Therapy is aimed at increasing the patient's platelet count to safe levels and includes a wide variety of treatments. While the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of chronic ITP ...
Edward G M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The quality of the preoperative assessment clinic (PAC) is determined by many factors. Patients' experiences are important indicators, but often overlooked. We prepare to set priorities to improve the PAC by obtaining detailed patients' feedback on the quality of the PAC, and establishing the value patients and professionals attach ...
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