Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1128
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Godfrey A - - 2009
The usefulness of motor subtypes of delirium is unclear due to inconsistency in subtyping methods and a lack of validation with objective measures of activity. The activity of 40 patients was measured over 24h with a commercial accelerometer-based activity monitor. Accelerometry data from patients with DSM-IV delirium that were readily ...
Jan Mei-Hwa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is controversy regarding the relationship between patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and insufficiency of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO). The conventional clinical practice of VMO strengthening for PFPS has been challenged for lack of evidence. The purpose of this study was to observe the difference in sonographic findings of ...
Solano Carla - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that autonomic nervous system dysfunction may explain all of fibromyalgia (FM) multisystem features. Such proposal is based mostly on the results of diverse heart rate variability analyses. The Composite Autonomic Symptom Scale (COMPASS) is a different validated method to recognize dysautonomia. OBJECTIVES: The main objective ...
Yamana Eiko - - 2009
AIM: With advances in medicine, the subjective assessment of patients on hemodialysis regarding their quality of life (QOL) is gaining importance. Clinicians cannot rely solely on objective markers, such as the rates of complications and mortality, when evaluating responses to dialysis. In clinical settings, laboratory values are used as measures ...
Andreasen A K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of fatigue in multiple sclerosis (MS) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the role of central motor activation we hypothesized that patients with primary fatigue have impaired central motor function and increased fatigability as compared to secondary fatigued and non-fatigued patients. METHODS: Sixty patients with relapsing remitting ...
Vanthuyne Marie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate a manual ability questionnaire, the ABILHAND, developed through the Rasch methodology in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: The original version of the ABILHAND, which includes 81 manual daily activities, was presented to 156 patients with SSc. They were asked to provide their perceived difficulty ...
Liu Yan - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study continues our assessment of agreement and disagreement among 25 Chinese and 20 US orthodontists in the ranking for facial attractiveness of end-of-treatment photographs of randomly sampled growing Chinese and white orthodontic patients. The main aims of this article were to (1) measure the overall pattern of agreement ...
Almodóvar R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between anthropometric measurements and disease activity, functional capacity, quality of life and radiology in Spanish patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was made of 842 patients with definite ankylosing spondylitis (REGISPONSER). Sociodemographic data, spinal mobility measurements, Bath AS disease activity ...
van Beilen M - - 2009
Inadequate coping strategies may cause some patients to develop psychogenic symptoms in periods of stress. This may be more prominent in patients with lower intelligence levels. Twenty-six patients with psychogenic neurological disorders (PND) were tested for coping abilities and intelligence and compared with 18 healthy controls and 26 patients with ...
Willemsen R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest a higher prevalence of alexithymia in patients with alopecia areata (AA). Some authors link alexithymia with the presence of early traumatic events, such as dysfunctional parent-child relationships. However, until today, no studies have been carried out on the association of alexithymia and early traumatic events in ...
Gialanella B - - 2009
AIM: General intelligence of patients with neglect has been poorly investigated and data at present are contrasting. Moreover it is not yet defined whether the presence of anosognosia for hemiplegia is associated with intellectual impairment in patients with neglect. METHODS: In this prospective study the authors evaluated the verbal intelligence ...
Chang Chia-Ling - - 2009
Aerobic fitness is among the various aspects of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients' lives that may deteriorate as a result of the disease and, in doing so, influence patient attitudes toward their own general health. This cross-sectional study examined (1) relationships between patients' aerobic fitness and general health perceptions, (2) relationships ...
Orzechowski Nicole M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with juvenile localized scleroderma (JLS) and to compare them with patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and healthy controls. METHODS: The cohorts were identified through a diagnostic index and were seen between January 1996 and December 2006. We identified 81 ...
Bazzichi Laura - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate plasma amino acid (AA) concentrations in patients affected by fibromyalgia (FM) and to study the relationships between their levels and FM clinical parameters. DESIGN AND METHODS: 20 AAs were assessed in 34 FM patients and in 18 healthy volunteers by means of a modified version of the ...
Karimian-Teherani D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data on individuals suffering from severe primary hyperhidrosis are scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to prospectively assess disease-specific characteristics of patients with severe, mostly therapy-resistant hyperhidrosis presenting for sympathetic surgery. METHODS: We evaluated a total of 227 patients (69.6% women) with a mean age of 30 years (standard ...
Wollmerstedt Nicole - - 2010
Expensive electronic accelerometers are the only validated method to determine patient activity levels. The aim of this study was to develop a clinical questionnaire to assess patient activity. The Daily Activity Questionnaire (DAQ) was developed and evaluated using 3 groups of patients with osteoarthritis of the hip. A total of ...
Hudson Marie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) affects multiple physical, psychological, and social domains and is associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL).We compared the HRQOL of SSc patients with individuals in the general population and patients with other common chronic diseases. METHODS: HRQOL of SSc patients in the Canadian Scleroderma Research ...
Mitsui Takahiko - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and their impact on quality of life (QOL) in patients having undergone renal transplantation (RTX). METHODS: Forty-three patients (25 males and 18 females; age 20-68 years) undergoing RTX at Hokkaido University Hospital were included in this study. Median follow-up after RTX was ...
Jones Kim D KD School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA. - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine whether fibromyalgia (FM) patients differ from matched healthy controls in clinical tests of balance ability and fall frequency. Thirty-four FM patients and 32 age-matched controls were administered the Balance Evaluation-Systems Test (BESTest), rated their balance confidence with the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) ...
Jazrawi Ayad - - 2010
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment strategy in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction and those with evidence of electro-mechanical dyssynchrony. A prospective observational study was conducted in patients with severe symptomatic heart failure undergoing CRT implantation. Thirty patients were classified as either responders (9 patients), or non-responders ...
Heckmann J G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the occurrence and the frequency of chemosensory dysfunction in patients with polyneuropathy (PNP). METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study. Olfactory function was assessed using the standardized 'Sniffin' Sticks' test to measure odor threshold for phenyl ethyl alcohol, odor discrimination, and ...
Murakami Mamoru - - 2009
This study aimed to examine the relationship between oral dryness and medical treatment (medication, radiotherapy) for patients with maxillofacial prostheses. Sixteen patients with maxillofacial prostheses were examined according to the following procedure. For evaluating oral dryness, oral moisture was measured at the lingual mucosa and the right and left buccal ...
Iwarzon Marie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patients with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIP) differ from those with enteric dysmotility (ED) regarding self-reported measures of functional status, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and gastrointestinal symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 28 patients with CIP (median age 48, range 28-80 years) and 26 with ...
Lundström Inger M C - - 2009
The aim of this study was to discover possible connections between general diseases and oral mucosal disorders, and between different oral symptoms by studying the prevalence of various such conditions in oral medicine patients. For this study 2640 consecutive patients (841 men, 1799 women) were interviewed concerning orofacial and systemic ...
Kessler Thomas M - - 2009
AIM: To assess patients' perception of clean intermittent self-catheterization (CISC) for voiding dysfunction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 101 patients performing CISC because of voiding dysfunction were invited to participate in this questionnaire survey. The response rate was 91% (92/101). RESULTS: The mean time over which CISC was performed ...
Rodríguez-Andreu Jose - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the frequency of cognitive impairment in patients with Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from all 46 patients with FMS and 92 age- and sex-matched controls per diagnosis of neuropathic (NeP) or mixed pain (MP) selected from ...
Myhill Sarah - - 2009
This study aims to improve the health of patients suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) by interventions based on the biochemistry of the illness, specifically the function of mitochondria in producing ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the energy currency for all body functions, and recycling ADP (adenosine diphosphate) to replenish the ATP ...
Iversen Maura D - - 2009
PURPOSE: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), a degenerative disease encountered in adults > 65 years, is a leading cause of back and lower extremity pain, weakness, impaired sensation and balance. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether patients with LSS demonstrate increased postural sway and impaired balance, compared ...
Wong Adrian - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Hong Kong Montreal Cognitive Assessment (HK-MoCA) in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). METHODS: 40 SVD patients and 40 matched controls were recruited. Concurrent and criterion validity, inter-rater and test-retest reliability, internal consistency of the HK-MoCA were examined and clinical observations ...
Dezutter Jessie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the relations between religious attitudes and subjective well-being in a sample of chronic pain (CP) patients and to investigate whether these associations would differ from those obtained with healthy controls. METHOD: A total of 155 CP patients (72% women) and ...
Met Rosemarie - - 2009
The AMC Linear Disability Score (ALDS) is a calibrated generic itembank to measure the level of physical disability in patients with chronic diseases. The ALDS has already been validated in different patient populations suffering from chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the clinimetric properties of the ...
Sullivan Asa - - 2009
Disturbances in intestinal microbial ecology and in the immune system of the host have been implicated as a part of the pathogenesis in chronic fatigue syndrome. Probiotic lactic acid producing bacteria have been shown to prevent and alleviate gastrointestinal disturbances and to normalize the cytokine profile which might be of ...
Gall Carolin - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess vision-related quality of life (QoL) in patients with visual field loss (VFL) after lesions of the postchiasmatic visual pathway and to investigate the influence of VFL and reduced visual acuity (VA) on vision-related QoL. METHODS: In 312 patients with postchiasmatic damage, ...
Scott Jeffrey R - - 2009
Body mass index (BMI) must be considered when selecting patients suitable for abdomen-based microsurgical breast reconstruction. It is unknown whether BMI or age affects quality or quantity of abdominal wall perforating blood vessels. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in abdominal wall perforating blood vessels among patients ...
Almansa Cristina - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fibromyalgia is a rheumatologic disorder associated with somatic and psychologic conditions. Although fibromyalgia is associated with irritable bowel syndrome, its relationship with other functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) is unclear. We evaluated the prevalence of FGID in patients with fibromyalgia and the role of psychologic factors in this ...
Kristensen Gunn B B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Instruments for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) should undergo a standardized evaluation including a user-test before being marketed. In this study the results from standardized evaluations of nine different SMBG instruments are presented, and the standardized evaluation is discussed. METHODS: Approximately 80 diabetes patients using three lots of test ...
Hascelik Gulen - - 2009
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the frequency of intestinal inflammation and its association with disease activity, functional status and quality of life in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). A total of 25 patients with AS had undergone ileocolonoscopy and concomitant histological study. Clinical and demographical parameters, ...
Chaumet G - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Many patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) report chronic fatigue, and previous studies showed a potential relationship between sleepiness and fatigue in these patients. Our study first looked at the impact of objective and subjective sleepiness on fatigue in patients with TBI. We then investigated how fatigue could affect ...
Nojomi Marzieh - - 2008
The present study was conducted to determine the health-related quality of life in patients living with human immunodeficiency virus or suffering from acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), referred to Behavioral Diseases Consultation Center in west of Tehran, Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted using a convenience sampling method on 139 ...
Bialocerkowski Andrea E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To document the activity limitations experienced by patients who had undergone a 4-corner wrist fusion, and the compensatory mechanisms they use in daily life. METHODS: Patients completed 2 copies of the Adelaide Questionnaire, a measure with a standardized section and an individualized section. The test-retest reliability of the questionnaire ...
Slovacek L - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) and the effect of arterial balloon angioplasty (ABA) on QoL of patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). METHODS: The study is a prospective and longitudinal one and was carried out at the 2nd Internal Clinic ...
Loponen Pertti - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We wanted to identify determinants for postoperative delirium and its influence on health related quality of life (HRQoL) during 36-month follow-up of coronary artery bypass (CABG) patients. DESIGN: A total of 302 patients were retrospectively analyzed. HRQoL was assessed prospectively by the 15D instrument. Delirium was diagnosed clinically. RESULTS: ...
Mirone Vincenzo - - 2009
Effects of renal transplantation (RT) on erectile dysfunction (ED) is a controversial issue. To verify the efficacy of RT in restoring erectile function (EF) in hemodialysed patients. We conducted a prospective, interventional, nonrandomised study from September 2001 to September 2005 on 78 hemodialysed male patients undergoing RT. EF was evaluated ...
van Ittersum M W - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Former studies in chronic diseases showed the importance of patients' beliefs and perceptions. The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire was developed to assess these illness perceptions. Our goal was to investigate psychometric properties of the IPQ-R for Fibromyalgia Dutch language version (IPQ-R FM-Dlv) and to describe illness perceptions of participants ...
Shin H-W - - 2008
Several reports have suggested a high incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED) among patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between OSAS and ED, or disease-specific quality of life (QOL) in patients with OSAS. In addition, we analyzed specific polysomnographic (PSG) ...
Yundt-Pacheco John - - 2008
The expected number of unacceptable patient results due to an undetected, malfunction--E(Nu)--can be set as a patient-based quality goal. Using the number of patients tested between QC specimens as a design parameter allows one to design QC strategies that meet specified patient-based quality goals. The QC utilization rate can be ...
Varjú C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate the Hungarian version of the DASH and the shorter QuickDASH Outcome Measures and to establish their validity in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: The Hungarian adaptation of the questionnaires was performed using forward/backward translations, expert and lay reviews. 128 patients completed the DASH, the ...
Vandervelde Laure - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the agreement between the self-reported and examiner-reported difficulties of patients with neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) in performing daily activities at home. DESIGN: A comparison between 2 methods of administering a measurement instrument. SETTING: Neuromuscular reference center in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients (N=57) with diagnosed NMDs living ...
Miehsler Wolfgang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is frequent in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Whether there is a need for psychological interventions is unknown. This study investigated the quantity and quality of the need for psychological interventions in IBD as compared to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In all, 302 patients with IBD and 109 ...
Roozen Hendrik G - - 2008
This paper describes the development of a new 139-item behavioral questionnaire (PAL) assessing the frequency and enjoyability of pleasant activities occurring in the natural environment of patients with substance use disorders. The sample consisted of 265 patients with mainly substance use disorders and 272 healthy controls. Group comparisons indicated that ...
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