Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1058
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Palese Alvisa - - 2008
AIMS: To determine if patients with left- or right-sided hemisphere neoplasm perceive their quality of life (QoL) differently. BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether patients with a lesion in the left hemisphere have a different QoL than those with a lesion in the right hemisphere. (1) In the pre-operative period, ...
Cho H J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Causal attribution influences symptom experience, help-seeking behaviour and prognosis in chronic fatigue syndrome. We compared causal attribution of patients with unexplained chronic fatigue (UCF) in Brazil and Britain. METHOD: Primary care attenders in São Paulo (n = 3914) and London (n = 2459) were screened for the presence of ...
Kinder Bill N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maddi et al. (Obes Surg, 7:397-404, 1997) reported significant elevations on several MMPI-2 scales in a morbidly obese population. Since the number of patients presenting for bariatric surgery has increased significantly in the decade since this study, we replicated the original Maddi et al. study to investigate if there ...
Shah Aparna D - - 2008
The objective of this study is to develop a reliable, validated questionnaire to assess patient knowledge about urinary incontinence (UI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We designed a written questionnaire comprised of UI and POP scales and administered it to 133 gynecologic and 61 urogynecologic patients. We performed a principal ...
Emad Yasser - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: (1) To investigate dysfunction of hippocampus in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), and to compare these findings with healthy controls. (2) To correlate levels of metabolites obtained with aspects of cognition, depression, and sleep symptoms in the patient group. METHODS: The case-control study ...
Moldofsky Harvey - - 2008
The clinical focus of rheumatologists on the widespread pain and numerous tender points in specific anatomic regions in their patients who show no evidence for disease pathology has lead to the characterization of such peripheral symptoms as a specific disorder of the musculoskeletal system, now commonly known as fibromyalgia. This ...
Farrar John T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The measurement of spasticity as a symptom of neurologic disease is an area of growing interest. Clinician-rated measures of spasticity purport to be objective but do not measure the patient's experience and may not be sensitive to changes that are meaningful to the patient. In a patient with clinical ...
Webb S M - - 2008
Chronic exposure to hypercortisolism has significant impact on patient's health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), as demonstrated with generic questionnaires. We have developed a disease-generated questionnaire to evaluate HRQoL in patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS; CushingQoL). OBJECTIVE: Validate the CushingQoL questionnaire in patients with CS in clinical practice conditions. ...
Pachtinger Garret E - - 2008
Hypovolemia and hypoperfusion are common life-threatening problems in animals presented to the emergency veterinarian. Assessment of physical findings and rapid recognition and treatment of abnormal tissue perfusion are crucial in optimizing outcome. The clinician should be familiar with the disease being treated and the types of fluids that are available. ...
Cohen M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aims of this experiment were to assess the rate of neglect in hospitalized patients and to identify risk factors for neglect. METHODS: During 2004-2006, patients aged 70 years and older hospitalized in internal departments were screened for signs of neglect. Principal caregivers were interviewed too. RESULTS: Signs of ...
Ready Rebecca E RE Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, USA. - - 2008
Little is known about subjective perceptions of quality of life (QOL) in Huntington's disease (HD). The current study determined correlates of patient and caregiver QOL and assessed change over time. Participants were 22 patient-caregiver dyads, who rated QOL at baseline and 6 months later. Overall, patients' functional and cognitive impairment ...
Karapolat Hale - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and congestive heart failure (CHF) are two chronic diseases that affect negatively the functional condition and quality of life of patients. We assessed the effect of symptoms and clinical variables on the functional capacity and quality of life in COPD and CHF patients. METHODS: ...
Valeikiene Vaineta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare health-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with Parkinson's disease, osteoarthritis, and persons of a matched control group. MATERIAL/METHODS: The study was done in 178 patients (94 men and 84 women, 54 with Parkinson's disease and 58 with osteoarthritis) and 66 age- and sex-matched ...
Raza Naeem - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chilblains or perniosis is a moderately severe form of cold injury, localized to peripheral parts of the body, which occurs after exposure to non-freezing temperatures and damp conditions. Although inter-individual variations exist with respect to susceptibility to develop chilblains, no study has been carried out in this region to ...
Brown Paul D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a caregiver can provide reliable proxy quality of life (QOL) ratings of their adult significant other with a newly diagnosed high-grade glioma. METHODS: This prospective QOL study was a companion protocol for 3 phase II high-grade glioma protocols. At study entry, 2 months, and 4 months ...
Husein Omar F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of paradoxical vocal fold dysfunction (PVFD) has been unclear, but it has long been hypothesized that there is a significant psychological component. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the psychological profiles of patients newly diagnosed with PVFD using psychometrically-sound psychological assessment instruments. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective ...
Miaskowski Christine - - 2008
Fatigue is the most common and distressing symptom reported by patients undergoing radiation therapy (RT). However, limited information is available on the trajectories of fatigue, as well as on the predictors of interindividual variability in fatigue. This study evaluated a sample of patients who underwent RT for prostate cancer to ...
Baker Rosalyn - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Altered basophil degranulation phenotypes are found in patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate CIU disease severity in relation to basophil histamine release (HR) characteristics. METHODS: Patients with CIU were recruited from allergy and dermatology clinics. Patients with recent use of systemic corticosteroids or immunosuppressants were excluded. ...
Welén Kerstin - - 2008
Little is known about possible gender differences among patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). Few studies have measured health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with FD using a population-based control group as a reference. This study aimed to determine the degree of HRQoL impairment among patients with FD, to assess ...
Boyland Lucy - - 2008
It is generally acknowledged that patients may find it particularly hard to accept a cancer diagnosis if the primary origin cannot be identified. However, there is very little research exploring this. AIMS: This is an exploratory mixed-method, largely qualitative, pilot study to explore patients' understanding of carcinoma of unknown primary ...
Pang Peter S - - 2008
Dyspnoea is the most common presenting symptom amongst patients with acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS). It is distressing to patients and therefore an important target for treatment in clinical practice, clinical trials, and for regulatory approval of novel agents. Despite its importance as a treatment target, no consensus exists on ...
Stübgen Joerg-Patrick - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Prospective studies of the natural history of a myopathy are effective means of measuring the status and progression of disease. This 10-year interval study of progressive weakness and functional decline was aimed to document the natural course of clinically well-characterized limb girdle muscular dystrophy in South Africa. METHODS: The ...
Chaveepojnkamjorn Wisit - - 2008
A cross-sectional study was conducted to explore the quality of life (QOL) and compliance among type 2 diabetic patients in Saraburi Province, Thailand. Compliance was assessed by evaluating dietary intake and life style patterns useful for diabetes patients to maintain health and prevent complications of the disease. A multistage sampling ...
Ali R - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Otitis externa (OE) is an extremely common dermatological condition that can affect social life and employment, but formal studies of its general health impact are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were two-folded, first to assess the impact of OE on various health determinants as measured by the ...
Aigmueller Th - - 2008
The objective of this study is to evaluate long-term anatomical results, symptoms of descent, and quality of life after vaginal sacrospinous fixation (SSF) through postoperative follow up study from one institution. Ninety nine women (mean 66 years) underwent vaginal SSF for vault prolapse at our institution. We contacted all patients ...
Gatchel Robert J - - 2008
The biopsychosocial perspective focuses on the interaction among biologic, psychological, and medicolegal variables of patients coping with a persistent medical condition. It is considered the most comprehensive and heuristic approach to psychological evaluation in the spine patient. Assessment proceeds in three steps, from global indices of emotional distress to evaluation ...
George Robert S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Longer term quality of life (QOL) outcome in patients who have had a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) explanted due to myocardial recovery (bridge to recovery, BTR) remains uncertain. This study evaluates the QOL of those patients and compares them to bridge-to-transplant (BTT) and transplanted (Tx) patients. METHODS: Anonymized ...
Sarzi-Puttini Piercarlo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of antipolymer antibody (APA) in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) and to examine its association with FM severity symptoms. METHODS: The study population consisted of 79 FM patients and 75 controls: 32 with psoriatic arthritis and 43 with rheumatoid arthritis APA levels were indirectly assayed using ...
McMillan Robert - - 2008
Adult chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a disorder manifested by varying degrees of purpura and mucosal bleeding, rarely including intracranial hemorrhage. Therapy is aimed at increasing the patient's platelet count to safe levels and includes a wide variety of treatments. While the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of chronic ITP ...
Edward G M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The quality of the preoperative assessment clinic (PAC) is determined by many factors. Patients' experiences are important indicators, but often overlooked. We prepare to set priorities to improve the PAC by obtaining detailed patients' feedback on the quality of the PAC, and establishing the value patients and professionals attach ...
Sansgiry Sujit S - - 2008
BACKGROUND:Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is an important outcome, especially for chronic diseases with no cure such as cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the comparability of 2 HRQL instruments, the Short Form-12 (SF-12) survey and the MacNew Heart Disease HRQL survey (MacNew) in patients with cardiac diseases. METHODS: A nonexperimental ...
Casellas F - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the factors involved in the impairment of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with celiac disease. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional prospective study was performed in patients with celiac disease who completed two HRQOL questionnaires: the gastrointestinal quality of life index (GIQLI) and the EuroQol-5D (EQ). RESULTS: ...
Edward G M - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Previous research has shown that a preoperative assessment clinic enhances hospital cost-efficiency. However, the differences in organization of the patient flow have not been analysed. In this descriptive study, we evaluated the consequences of the organization of the patient flow of a preoperative assessment clinic on its ...
Chung M C - - 2008
This study aimed to investigate co-morbidity and coping strategies among older patients who suffer from different levels of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following myocardial infarction. Ninety-six older myocardial infarction (MI) patients were recruited from two general practices and completed the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (PDS), the General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) ...
Warshaw Erin M - - 2008
A valid and reliable measure that captures onychodystrophy disease severity is important for both clinical and research applications. Three hundred and twenty-two patients at two Veterans Affairs Medical Centers with clinical evidence of onychodystrophy suggesting onychomycosis (at least 25% in a distal subungual pattern) were examined using Naildex parameters. Naildex ...
Brodin Elisabeth - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic end-stage renal diseases have decreased physical fitness. This physical deconditioning is relative but the consequences in daily life are related to functional thresholds. The main purpose of this study was to gather information about physical performance, physical fitness and activity in predialysis patients. A second aim ...
Carter Gregory - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility of a computerised assessment and to compare resulting quality of life scores among oncology carers and patients. METHODS: Six hundred and twenty-two subjects (carers n = 234, patients n = 388) attending an oncology or haematology clinic completed the WHO-Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) and demographics ...
Couto Cláudio I - - 2008
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain. It has negative effects on quality of life and has been poorly investigated in specific populations. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of FMS in Brazilian hemodialysis (HD) patients and to investigate its effects on the quality of life. We ...
Fensli R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This project focuses on how patients respond to wearable biomedical sensors, since patient acceptance of this type of monitoring technology is essential for enhancing the quality of the data being measured. There is a lack of validated questionnaires measuring patient acceptance of telemedical solutions, and little information is known ...
Morell-Dubois S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Stress might be a triggering factor causing pemphigus. We studied 11 consecutive cases of pemphigus over 5 years. OBJECTIVE: Studying and looking for a link between severe life events and the history of the disease. METHODS: An epidemiological retrospective and prospective study was carried out, including an interview and ...
de Groot Ingrid B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) was constructed in Sweden. This questionnaire has proved to be valid for several orthopedic interventions of the knee. It has been formally translated and validated in several languages, but not yet in Dutch. The purpose of the present study was to ...
Verhoog Judith - - 2008
Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS) is an autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder characterized by spasticity, learning disability, and ichthyosis. To our knowledge, there is no detailed report in the literature concerning the functional consequences of SLS. Therefore, we performed a cross-sectional study of motor performance and everyday functioning in 17 patients with this ...
Van Rompaey Bart - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several reports indicate a high incidence of intensive care delirium. To develop strategies to prevent this complication, validated instruments are needed. The Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) is widely used. A binary result diagnoses delirium. The Neelon and Champagne (NEECHAM) Confusion Scale recently has been ...
Fukui Mitsuru - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To establish a patient-oriented outcome measure for cervical myelopathy, a subcommittee of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) developed a new scoring system to evaluate the overall clinical status of patients, which could be completed by patients themselves. The subcommittee completed three large-scale studies to select and modify questions derived ...
Mohaseb Kam - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To construct a patient-based symptom questionnaire to facilitate early referral of thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) in Graves' hyperthyroidism (GH). METHODS: Phase I of our study involved developing a symptomatology-based questionnaire for the self-reporting of TAO symptoms in patients recently diagnosed with GH. Phase II involved administering the questionnaire along with ...
Vilaseca Isabel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic management of laryngeal carcinoma has gained popularity among laryngologists based on the good oncologic and functional results. We evaluated the voice quality after laser cordectomy for early glottic cancer in a variety of vocal situations and its relation with the extension of resection and the age. METHODS: We ...
Kald Anders - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Peristomal bulging caused by hernia or prolapse is common in patients with a sigmoidostomy. It is not known whether and to what extent peristomal bulging influences various daily activities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of bulging by using a general and disease-specific health scale ...
Wee Christina C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess how well the SF-36, a well-validated generic quality of life (QOL) instrument, compares with its shorter adaptation, the SF-12, in capturing differences in QOL among patients with and without obesity. METHODS: We compared the correlation between the physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) component summary measures of the ...
Haroutiunian Simon - - 2008
Cannabinoids have been used for pain relief for centuries and recent studies have investigated their analgesic and anti-inflammatory mechanisms, as well as clinical efficacy, in treating chronic pain. We report an open-label study addressed to evaluate the effect and adverse events of orally administered Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-9-THC) in 13 patients with ...
Stineman Margaret G - - 2008
To introduce Recovery Preference Exploration (RPE) as a new technique for studying the personal significance of being able to perform one type of functional activity over others. To determine if patients' concepts of function reflect the ADL, sphincter management, mobility and cognition (ASMC) domains established through the factor analyses of ...
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