Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1166
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Mehl Stephanie - - 2010
Although evidence suggests a discrepancy between the implicit and explicit attributional style (AS) in persons with persecutory delusions, this line of research has also produced conflicting findings. Thus, the aim of this study was to explain inconsistent results in implicit AS by introducing a modified assessment of implicit AS, which ...
Trigona Béatrice - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To measure preclinical noninvasive markers of atherosclerosis in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), and to determine their associations between physical activity level and cardiorespiratory fitness (maximal oxygen consumption [VO2max]). STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study including 32 patients with T1DM and 42 healthy subjects aged 6 to ...
Thoua Nora M - - 2010
The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is affected in up to 90% of patients with SSc to a variable extent and severity. We aimed to establish the frequency and range of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in SSc patients at the Royal Free Hospital, a tertiary referral centre. A 52-item, previously validated, questionnaire capturing ...
Chen Li-Ching - - 2010
Ankle-brachial index (ABI) is an important indicator of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and PAD has a negative impact on quality of life (QOL). However, the correlation between ABI and QOL is unknown among chronic hemodialysis patients. Ankle-brachial index was measured, and WHOQOL-BRIEF (TW) questionnaire was completed. The association between ABI ...
Karaiskos Dimitrios - - 2010
To determine the spectrum of personality and psychopathology features of patients with primary SS (pSS) and explore whether they are linked to disease characteristics as well as the presence of autoantibodies (autoAbs) against neuropeptides. Personality and psychopathological variables were determined in 103 pSS patients and 110 healthy controls (HCs). AutoAbs ...
Munshi Anusheel - - 2010
To compare quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer patients from a developing country after breast conservation surgery (BCS) or mastectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy (RT). In a 6-month period, all consecutive early and locally advanced breast cancer patients treated with either BCS or mastectomy and treated with RT were analyzed. ...
Erdmann Peter G - - 2010
Patients with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) have slowly progressive, predominantly distal asymmetric limb weakness without sensory loss. While previous studies have investigated the impact of MMN on body functions and structures, relatively little is known about the impact of patients' weakness on daily functioning. The aim of the present cross-sectional ...
Lohrer H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The VISA-A questionnaire is currently the only valid, reliable, and disease specific patient administered questionnaire for research in Achilles tendinopathy. To perform multinational and multilingual investigations this instrument was already adapted to several languages. According to the "guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures" we already ...
Moscovitch David A - - 2010
Patterns of synchrony in repeated measures of heart rate, skin conductance levels, negative affect, and positive affect were investigated in patients with social anxiety disorder and non-anxious controls during a speech task. Despite expected low levels of absolute concordance between measures of affect and arousal overall, results revealed clearly defined ...
Senel Emrah - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Anorectal malformations comprise a wide spectrum of diseases. The main concerns for the surgeon in correcting these anomalies are bowel control, urinary control, and sexual function. The aim of this study was to evaluate fecal continence together with additional urinary anomalies in patients with anorectal malformations (ARM) and determine ...
Swigris Jeffrey J JJ National Jewish Health, Denver, CO 80206, USA. - - 2010
Dyspnea is the cardinal symptom in patients with any type of interstitial lung disease (ILD); however, there are limited data on dyspnea among patients with connective tissue disease-related ILD (i.e., CTD-ILD). To explore the utility of two dyspnea instruments (the University of California San Diego Shortness of Breath Questionnaire [UCSD] ...
Maeda Toyoki - - 2011
Background: The telomere length and subtelomeric methylated status of peripheral blood leukocytes have been reported to be correlated with many kinds of pathophysiological conditions. However, the correlation between the telomeric parameters and patients' physical ability is not known. Objective: This study aims to study how telomeric parameters, including telomere length ...
Compañy Luis - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The long-term evolution of cirrhotic patients with extrapyramidal signs has not yet been studied. We have investigated the influence of extrapyramidal signs on the prognosis, evolution, and quality of life of patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Forty-six patients with cirrhosis were followed up and 18 of them were reevaluated, ...
Minnock Patricia - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study examined sensitivity to change and relative independence of fatigue as an outcome measure in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) following anti-TNF therapy. METHODS: Patients with PsA commencing anti-TNF therapy were evaluated at baseline and at 3 months. Fatigue was measured using a 0-10 numeric rating scale ...
Wunsch Ewa - - 2010
Recent studies suggest that stage-independent symptoms of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) such as chronic fatigue are a consequence of structural and functional abnormalities of the brain. Critical flicker frequency (CFF) is a psychophysiological modality analysing function of cerebral cortex. To analyse the usefulness of CFF in detection of brain dysfunction ...
Di Rienzo Marco - - 2010
This paper illustrates two extensive applications of a smart garment we previously developed for the monitoring of ECG, respiration, and movement. In the first application, the device, named Maglietta Interattiva Computerizzata (MagIC), was used for the home monitoring of cardiac patients. The used platform included MagIC for signals collection, a ...
Bijsterbosch J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical burden of erosive osteoarthritis (EOA) of the hand in terms of pain, functioning and health-related quality of life (HRQL) and its relationship to nodal osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Patients with EOA (n=42) and non-EOA (n=194) of the hand were compared. Pain was assessed with the Australian/Canadian ...
Hart Dennis L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Computerized adaptive tests (CATs) promise efficient outcomes data collection with little loss of measurement precision. The shoulder CAT has not been assessed for administrative efficiency, nor have prospective studies been completed to evaluate the sensitivity to change or the responsiveness of CAT-based functional status (CAT-FS) measures. OBJECTIVE: The purpose ...
Celik Ozkan - - 2010
In this paper, we analyze the correlations between four clinical measures (Fugl-Meyer upper extremity scale, Motor Activity Log, Action Research Arm Test, and Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test) and four robotic measures (smoothness of movement, trajectory error, average number of target hits per minute, and mean tangential speed), used to assess ...
Lombion Sandrine - - 2010
Alexithymia is characterized by a marked inability to identify feelings and emotional states and some studies have documented sensorial perception in response to visual or auditory cues in this disease. Although olfaction is well known for its emotional correlates, the perception of olfactory stimulations has not been previously investigated. This ...
Iqbal Riffat - - 2011
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is characterized by systemic pain of unknown etiology and is often accompanied by various psychological symptoms. Research on different parameters in fibromyalgia (FM) indicates that multifactors are involved in its pathophysiology; such as genetic factors, substance P, serotonin, hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (HPA), muscles metabolic dysfunction, reactive ...
Pini-Prato Alessio - - 2010
PURPOSE: This article is aimed at describing a series of 70 patients who underwent a redo pull-through in the period between January 1991 and January 2007 and to compare them with a series of consecutive patients with Hirschsprung disease who underwent a single pull-through. METHODS: The notes were reviewed, and ...
Pullen Paula R - - 2010
The number of African American (AA) patients living with heart failure (HF) has been increasing, especially among the economically disadvantaged. Yoga therapy has been found to improve physical and psychological parameters among healthy individuals, but its effect in patients with HF remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to ...
Cakit Burcu Duyur - - 2010
The aims of this study are to determine the frequency of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) in patients with chronic cervical myofascial pain (CMP) and to investigate the FMS characteristics in CMP patients. Ninty-three patients with CMP and 30 age-matched healthy women were included in this study. Main outcome measures included visual ...
Imanguli Matin M - - 2010
Although xerostomia is a commonly reported complaint in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD), criteria for evaluating the prevalence and characteristics of salivary gland involvement have not been well defined in this patient population. Previous studies also have made no distinction between salivary and mucosal oral cGVHD. We systematically evaluated ...
Daltrozzo J?r?me - - 2010
Emotional processing in coma remains an open question. Skin conductance responses to emotional and neutral auditory stimuli were recorded in 13 low-responsive patients (12 of whom were in coma). A differential response between emotional and neutral stimuli was found, which significantly correlated with the Glasgow Coma Scale and the Cook ...
de Wee E M - - 2010
von Willebrand Disease (VWD) is the most frequent inherited bleeding disorder. It is unknown how this disorder affects quality of life. This nationwide multicenter cross-sectional study determined health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in adult patients with moderate or severe VWD, and assessed whether bleeding severity and type of VWD are ...
Madsen Ole R - - 2010
The Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Function Index (BASFI) and the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Global Score (BAS-G) (ranges 0-10) have gained widespread in use as self-reported measures of disease activity, functional impairment and overall well-being in patients with ankylosing spondylitis and other spondyloarthropathies (SpA). ...
Bal Serpil - - 2011
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the axial skeleton. In recent years, several authors reported an increased prevalence of sexual dysfunction among AS patients. We aimed to find out, whether the prevalence of erectile dysfunction among AS patients is different from age-matched healthy controls. Thirty-seven male patients ...
Huber-Mahlin V - - 2010
The objective of the study was to characterize the natural history of patients with a higher level gait disorder (HLGD) of the cautious/disequilibrium type in a 3-year prospective study. Subjects were taken from an outpatient setting in a movement disorders clinic. Twenty-two mobile, community-living patients with a HLGD of the ...
Bogazzi F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Voice changes are common clinical findings of acromegaly, although scanty data are available so far. OBJECTIVE: To analyze features and quantify changes of voice in patients with untreated active acromegaly. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a pilot case-control study. Voice was analyzed using the Multi Dimensional Voice Program software, ...
Spadaro A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to produce an Italian version of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) in a group of patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) and examine the psychometric properties of this version, evaluating its internal consistency, external validity and reliability. Responsiveness and feasibility were also ...
Sartorius K - - 2010
Background  Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic recurrent disease with scars and sinus tract formation that causes substantial impact on quality of life. For evaluation of HS and treatment results, a scoring system for disease severity (Hidradenitis Suppurativa Score, HSS) has been proposed. Objectives  To describe the interobserver reliability of ...
Enciso Reyes R Division of Craniofacial Sciences and Therapeutics, School of Dentistry, University of Southern California, 925 West 34th Street DEN 312E, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0641, USA. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of two questionnaires to identify patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Fifty-three moderate to severe OSA patients [with a respiratory disturbance index (RDI) ≥ 15] and 31 controls (RDI < 15) based on ambulatory somnographic assessment were recruited through flyers and mail ...
Baek Chung-Hwan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and the clinical role of salivary hypofunction in patients with globus sensation. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in 340 patients with globus pharyngeus. A standard questionnaire and (99m)Tc-pertechnate salivary scintigraphy were used to evaluate salivary hypofunction, with a full examination ...
Davatchi Fereydoun - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate the performance of the new International Criteria for Behçet's Disease (ICBD) in Iran. The ICBD was created in 2006 to replace the International Study Group (ISG) criteria (created in 1990). In this study, 14 existing diagnosis/classification criteria (Curth, Hewitt, Mason and Barnes, Japan original, Hubault and Hamza, ...
Romano F - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare patients' self-rating of oral malodour with organoleptic evaluation and to relate them to oral conditions. METHODS: One hundred and eighty systemically healthy patients with a primary complaint of oral malodour participated in this cross-sectional study. They were asked to complete a ...
Yelken Kursat - - 2010
To compare subjective and objective voice-quality parameters between asymptomatic paradoxical vocal fold motion dysfunction (PVFMD) patients and healthy individuals. Prospective. A total number of 12 patients with PVFMD and 12 healthy control subjects had voice evaluations by means of laryngostroboscopy, acoustic analysis (jitter, shimmer, and harmonics-to-noise ratio [HNR]), aerodynamic measurements ...
Freire Rafael C - - 2010
There are several useful methods to induce anxiety in patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA). Our aim was to ascertain if a computer simulation (CS) could induce anxiety and physiologic alterations in PDA patients. 10 healthy controls (HC) and 10 patients who fulfilled DSM-IV criteria for PDA were recruited ...
Vlaar A - - 2011
To establish the inter-observer and intra-transducer reliability of "on-line" and "off-line" assessment of substantia nigra (SN) and raphe nuclei (RN) by transcranial duplex scanning (TCD) in a mixed study population. Out-patient neurology department of the University Hospital Maastricht. In total 24 subjects were investigated: 9 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease, ...
Ravelli Angelo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term outcome and prognostic factors of juvenile dermatomyositis (DM) through a multinational, multicenter study. METHODS: Patients consisted of inception cohorts seen between 1980 and 2004 in 27 centers in Europe and Latin America. Predictor variables were sex, continent, ethnicity, onset year, onset age, onset type, onset ...
Esteban C - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether changes in regular physical activity (PA) affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). 611 patients (mean age 67.2+/-8.4 yrs; forced expiratory volume in 1 s 49.7+/-14.6) completed the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), the ...
Qureshi A - - 2011
The case of an older patient admitted with an acute stroke in the presence of atrial fibrillation is presented. Subsequent transthoracic echocardiography and advanced imaging suggested the diagnosis of a large papillary fibroelastoma on the anterior mitral valve leaflet (AML). The patient underwent surgical resection and made an excellent clinical ...
Yanjanin Nicole M - - 2010
Niemann-Pick disease, type C is a neurodegenerative, lysosomal storage disorder with a broad clinical spectrum and a variable age of onset. The absence of a universally accepted clinical outcome measure is an impediment to the design of a therapeutic trial for NPC. Thus, we developed a clinical severity scale to ...
Heaf J G - - 2010
Muscle function is impaired in uraemic patients and several causes have been proposed. Deficiency of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), which affects muscle function in non-uraemic patients, may very well also be associated with the myopathy found in these patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between 25-OHD ...
Tontini Gian Eugenio - - 2010
To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in celiac disease (CD) patients at the time of diagnosis and during a gluten-free diet (GFD). We enrolled 43 adult CD patients (18 with a typical and 15 with an atypical clinical presentation, and 10 with dermatitis herpetiformis, DH) and 86 age- and ...
Berenbaum Sheri A - - 2010
We provide evidence regarding the nature, causes, and consequences of intelligence in patients with 21-hydroxylase deficient congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). Intelligence and quality of life (psychological adjustment) were measured on multiple occasions from childhood to young adulthood in 104 patients with CAH (62 females, 42 males) and 88 unaffected relatives ...
Nagai Chiyoko - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: To clarify whether Broca's subregions, comprising the pars triangularis and pars opercularis, play different roles in syntactic processing, we investigated Japanese infarct patients with selective damage in each subregion. METHODS: Four patients participated in this study: 3 showing lesions mostly restricted to the pars opercularis (Op group) and a ...
Ingegnoli F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the assessment tools used to quantify hand impairment and organ involvement in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Eighty consecutive SSc patients were assessed for hand impairment using the Hand Anatomic Index (HAI), finger-to-palm distance in flexion (FTP), and the Hand Mobility in Scleroderma ...
Muhney Kelly A - - 2010
To compare patients' perception of discomfort, vibration and noise levels between piezoelectric and the magnetostrictive ultrasonic units during periodontal debridement. Periodontal debridement was performed on 75 subjects using a split-mouth design. Two quadrants on the same side were instrumented with a piezoelectric ultrasonic device (EMS Swiss Mini Master® Piezon) and ...
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