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Results 301 - 350 of 1106
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Brand H S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the severity of xerostomia (subjective dry mouth) in haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients and to investigate the association of xerostomia with other chronic oral complications. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.Study participants and methods Participants were 48 patients with a history of HSCT recruited among members of the Dutch ...
Lee Yu Jin - - 2009
The goal of this study is to assess the relationship between stress coping mechanisms and the risk of atherosclerosis in patients with Hwa-Byung. The Korean version of the Ways of Coping Checklist (WOCC) was administered to 50 patients with Hwa-Byung (49.1+/-10.1 years, 6 males). Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and ...
Zboralski Krzysztof - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Numerous psychosomatic diseases, especially cardiovascular, are regarded as diseases of modern civilization. Psychological factors play a dominant role in these diseases. Among these factors we can distinguish several different types of emotional functioning and subjective estimation of patients' quality of life (QoL). AIM: To assess the level of QoL ...
Rider Lisa G LG Environmental Autoimmunity Group, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892-1301, USA. - - 2009
We undertook this study to validate the Myositis Damage Index (MDI) in juvenile and adult myositis, to describe the degree and types of damage and to develop predictors of damage. Retrospective MDI evaluations and prospective assessment of disease activity and illness features were conducted. Patients with juvenile-onset disease (n = ...
Ariza-Ariza Rafael - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of work disability in Spanish patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and to identify factors related to it. METHODS: A cross-sectional study based on data from Regisponser (National Spanish Registry of Patients with Spondyloarthropathy). Demographic and disease-related variables were collected. AS patients were classified as work-disabled ...
Mayer Tom G - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study evaluating the quantitative lumbar flexion-relaxation phenomenon (QLFRP), measured with surface electromyographic (SEMG) signals from the erector spinae during trunk flexion pre- and postrehabilitation, in patients with chronic disabling occupational lumbar disorders (CDOLD). OBJECTIVES: To assess the responsiveness of the QLFRP in documenting change in ...
Naka Asami - - 2010
Chemosensory dysfunction has been reported in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, the clinical significance in relation to the disease stage remains unclear. The aim of this investigation was to assess olfactory and gustatory function with valid clinical tests in patients with DM types 1 and 2 with and without ...
Tuominen Risto - - 2010
The aim was to evaluate the relative importance of the 20 functions assessed by patients to produce the Health Assessment Questionnaire's Disability Index (HAQ-DI). A systematic sample of 242 rheumatoid arthritis patients was drawn. Altogether 179 subjects returned acceptably filled questionnaire including perceived rheumatoid arthritis status in the 20 functions ...
Grant Philip M PM Stanford University, Division of Infectious Diseases, Palo Alto, CA 94305-5107, USA. - - 2009
Raltegravir is a potential treatment option for virologically suppressed HIV-1 infected patients on enfuvirtide with injection site reactions. To characterize safety and efficacy of an enfuvirtide to raltegravir switch including changes in T-cells, quality of life, and residual viremia. In patients with viral load <50 copies/mL and injection site reactions, ...
Jakobsen Lene H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Handgrip strength (HGS) is often used as a bedside measurement of muscle function in the hospital setting. The aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which HGS, endurance, and work (force during endurance x time) are related to physical function as measured by mobility and physical ...
Lim Jae-Yol - - 2009
Conclusion: A detailed understanding of clinical and voice characteristics will help to differentiate sulcus configuration and plan rational management strategies for each type. Objectives: To investigate the clinical and voice characteristics of patients with sulcus configuration of vocal folds during phonation. Patients and methods: A total of 146 patients with ...
Wood Kathryn A - - 2009
There are no disease-specific questionnaires to measure patient sensitive outcomes in arrhythmia patients. We report the development and preliminary psychometric testing of the Patient Perception of Arrhythmia Questionnaire (PPAQ). The PPAQ was developed using formative research, exploratory factor analysis, expert review, pilot study, and regression. The PPAQ measures frequency and ...
Lippmann Quinn K QK School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7080, - - 2009
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition that affects patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The HRQoL of Barrett's esophagus (BE) has been less well studied. Furthermore, it is unknown to what extent BE patients suffer from psychological distress as a result of carrying a diagnosis of a premalignant ...
Matsumoto Shinya - - 2009
Yusho (oil disease) is the name given to a food poisoning incident caused by rice bran oil that occurred in west Japan in 1968. The causative agents of Yusho are currently considered to be polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and their by-products, such as dioxin like compounds. The levels of 2,3,4,7,8-penta-cholorodibenzofuran (PeCDF) ...
Rudolph T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term functional status and well-being in patients with chronic idiopathic polyneuropathy (CIP) in comparison to Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two CIP and 42 GBS-patients were examined at median 5 and 6 years after disease onset and were compared with 50 healthy ...
Salaffi F - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare health-related quality of life (HRQL) in fibromyalgia (FM) patients with that of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the general population, and investigate if the factors are associated with the greater impact of FM. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 380 patients with FM, 693 patients with RA ...
Di Franco M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome associated with widespread pain and various other signs and symptoms. Several of these multisystem features could be explained on the basis of autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction. METHODS: The aim of the present study was to evaluate ANS dysfunction in FM based on time-domain ...
Walfridsson Ulla - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Living with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia affects a patient's whole life situation, but few studies have addressed health-related quality of life (HRQOL) aspects in these patients. The aim was therefore to describe HRQOL in patients with atrioventricular nodal re-entry tachycardia (AVNRT) or Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, referred for radiofrequency ablation (RF-ablation), ...
Mahler Donald A - - 2009
Although questionnaires are used frequently with patients to self-report the severity of dyspnea as related to activities of daily living, the reliability of these instruments has not been established. The two purposes of this study were to examine the test-retest reliability of three widely used dyspnea instruments and to compare ...
Rynja Sybren P - - 2009
PURPOSE: We assessed long-term results after hypospadias surgery with respect to urinary and sexual function, cosmetic appearance and intimate relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We contacted 116 patients who are now adults and who underwent surgery between 1987 and 1992. Participation included mailed questionnaires containing the International Prostate Symptom Score, International ...
Jones Carole A - - 2010
AIM: To assess a two-phase method of recording levator function in order to facilitate the identification of patients with ptosis who have a synkinesis between the levator and superior rectus muscles. METHODS: 40 consecutive patients who attended oculoplastic clinics with ptosis and 22 patients with normal lid function were recruited. ...
Cakar Engin - - 2009
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a systemic chronic inflammatory disease primarily affecting the axial skeleton. Work disability can be one of the major consequences of AS, and the knowledge about the burden of AS to the patient and society is not well-established yet. The objective of this study was to investigate ...
Nieuwboer Alice - - 2009
Freezing of gait (FOG) is difficult to measure due to its unpredictable occurrence. This study investigated: (1) whether the new freezing of gait questionnaire (NFOG-Q) is a reliable measure of freezing by comparing patients' ratings with those of carers' and (2) whether adding a video improved its reliability. Non-demented people ...
Wang Shenglin - - 2009
CMA values have been effectively used to evaluate the amount of BI, the brainstem and medulla compression, and the amount of postoperative decompression. However, the reliability and reproducibility of this measurement have yet to be determined. In addition, the information that is available concerning CMA values in normal individuals has ...
Pereira Eanes Delgado Barros - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of life of COPD patients by using the Medical Outcomes 36-item Short-Form Survey (SF-36) and the Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), correlating the scores with respiratory function parameters. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 42 COPD patients. We used the SGRQ (a specific questionnaire) ...
Bermejo-Fenoll Ambrosio - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Morphometric study of the dorsum linguae in patients with Oral Lichen Planus (OLP). MATERIAL AND METHOD: In 236 patients with a clinicopathologic diagnosis of OLP, 111 were found to have involvement of the dorsum linguae. For the purposes of the study, 41 of these cases were used, due to ...
Hojo Sachiko - - 2009
The Quick Environment Exposure Sensitivity Inventory (QEESI((c))) has been used as a questionnaire to evaluate subjective symptoms of patients with multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), also known as idiopathic environmental intolerance, in Japan. However, no cutoff value for Japanese subjects has yet been established. We designed this study to establish a ...
Hatt Sarah R SR Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2009
To compare two health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) questionnaires in adults with strabismus: the new 20-item Adult Strabismus (AS-20) questionnaire (developed specifically for Adult Strabismus) and the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25). Cross-sectional study. Eighty-four adult patients with strabismus (median age, 53 years; range, 18 to 81 years) completed ...
Godfrey A - - 2009
The usefulness of motor subtypes of delirium is unclear due to inconsistency in subtyping methods and a lack of validation with objective measures of activity. The activity of 40 patients was measured over 24h with a commercial accelerometer-based activity monitor. Accelerometry data from patients with DSM-IV delirium that were readily ...
Jan Mei-Hwa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is controversy regarding the relationship between patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and insufficiency of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO). The conventional clinical practice of VMO strengthening for PFPS has been challenged for lack of evidence. The purpose of this study was to observe the difference in sonographic findings of ...
Solano Carla - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that autonomic nervous system dysfunction may explain all of fibromyalgia (FM) multisystem features. Such proposal is based mostly on the results of diverse heart rate variability analyses. The Composite Autonomic Symptom Scale (COMPASS) is a different validated method to recognize dysautonomia. OBJECTIVES: The main objective ...
Yamana Eiko - - 2009
AIM: With advances in medicine, the subjective assessment of patients on hemodialysis regarding their quality of life (QOL) is gaining importance. Clinicians cannot rely solely on objective markers, such as the rates of complications and mortality, when evaluating responses to dialysis. In clinical settings, laboratory values are used as measures ...
Andreasen A K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of fatigue in multiple sclerosis (MS) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the role of central motor activation we hypothesized that patients with primary fatigue have impaired central motor function and increased fatigability as compared to secondary fatigued and non-fatigued patients. METHODS: Sixty patients with relapsing remitting ...
Vanthuyne Marie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate a manual ability questionnaire, the ABILHAND, developed through the Rasch methodology in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: The original version of the ABILHAND, which includes 81 manual daily activities, was presented to 156 patients with SSc. They were asked to provide their perceived difficulty ...
Liu Yan - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study continues our assessment of agreement and disagreement among 25 Chinese and 20 US orthodontists in the ranking for facial attractiveness of end-of-treatment photographs of randomly sampled growing Chinese and white orthodontic patients. The main aims of this article were to (1) measure the overall pattern of agreement ...
Almodóvar R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between anthropometric measurements and disease activity, functional capacity, quality of life and radiology in Spanish patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was made of 842 patients with definite ankylosing spondylitis (REGISPONSER). Sociodemographic data, spinal mobility measurements, Bath AS disease activity ...
van Beilen M - - 2009
Inadequate coping strategies may cause some patients to develop psychogenic symptoms in periods of stress. This may be more prominent in patients with lower intelligence levels. Twenty-six patients with psychogenic neurological disorders (PND) were tested for coping abilities and intelligence and compared with 18 healthy controls and 26 patients with ...
Willemsen R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest a higher prevalence of alexithymia in patients with alopecia areata (AA). Some authors link alexithymia with the presence of early traumatic events, such as dysfunctional parent-child relationships. However, until today, no studies have been carried out on the association of alexithymia and early traumatic events in ...
Gialanella B - - 2009
AIM: General intelligence of patients with neglect has been poorly investigated and data at present are contrasting. Moreover it is not yet defined whether the presence of anosognosia for hemiplegia is associated with intellectual impairment in patients with neglect. METHODS: In this prospective study the authors evaluated the verbal intelligence ...
Chang Chia-Ling - - 2009
Aerobic fitness is among the various aspects of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients' lives that may deteriorate as a result of the disease and, in doing so, influence patient attitudes toward their own general health. This cross-sectional study examined (1) relationships between patients' aerobic fitness and general health perceptions, (2) relationships ...
Orzechowski Nicole M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with juvenile localized scleroderma (JLS) and to compare them with patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and healthy controls. METHODS: The cohorts were identified through a diagnostic index and were seen between January 1996 and December 2006. We identified 81 ...
Bazzichi Laura - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate plasma amino acid (AA) concentrations in patients affected by fibromyalgia (FM) and to study the relationships between their levels and FM clinical parameters. DESIGN AND METHODS: 20 AAs were assessed in 34 FM patients and in 18 healthy volunteers by means of a modified version of the ...
Karimian-Teherani D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data on individuals suffering from severe primary hyperhidrosis are scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to prospectively assess disease-specific characteristics of patients with severe, mostly therapy-resistant hyperhidrosis presenting for sympathetic surgery. METHODS: We evaluated a total of 227 patients (69.6% women) with a mean age of 30 years (standard ...
Wollmerstedt Nicole - - 2010
Expensive electronic accelerometers are the only validated method to determine patient activity levels. The aim of this study was to develop a clinical questionnaire to assess patient activity. The Daily Activity Questionnaire (DAQ) was developed and evaluated using 3 groups of patients with osteoarthritis of the hip. A total of ...
Hudson Marie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) affects multiple physical, psychological, and social domains and is associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL).We compared the HRQOL of SSc patients with individuals in the general population and patients with other common chronic diseases. METHODS: HRQOL of SSc patients in the Canadian Scleroderma Research ...
Mitsui Takahiko - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and their impact on quality of life (QOL) in patients having undergone renal transplantation (RTX). METHODS: Forty-three patients (25 males and 18 females; age 20-68 years) undergoing RTX at Hokkaido University Hospital were included in this study. Median follow-up after RTX was ...
Jones Kim D KD School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA. - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine whether fibromyalgia (FM) patients differ from matched healthy controls in clinical tests of balance ability and fall frequency. Thirty-four FM patients and 32 age-matched controls were administered the Balance Evaluation-Systems Test (BESTest), rated their balance confidence with the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) ...
Jazrawi Ayad - - 2010
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment strategy in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction and those with evidence of electro-mechanical dyssynchrony. A prospective observational study was conducted in patients with severe symptomatic heart failure undergoing CRT implantation. Thirty patients were classified as either responders (9 patients), or non-responders ...
Heckmann J G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the occurrence and the frequency of chemosensory dysfunction in patients with polyneuropathy (PNP). METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study. Olfactory function was assessed using the standardized 'Sniffin' Sticks' test to measure odor threshold for phenyl ethyl alcohol, odor discrimination, and ...
Murakami Mamoru - - 2009
This study aimed to examine the relationship between oral dryness and medical treatment (medication, radiotherapy) for patients with maxillofacial prostheses. Sixteen patients with maxillofacial prostheses were examined according to the following procedure. For evaluating oral dryness, oral moisture was measured at the lingual mucosa and the right and left buccal ...
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