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Results 251 - 300 of 1150
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Nayak Amit R AR Biochemistry Research Laboratory, Central India Institute of Medical Sciences, - - 2011
Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is a sensitive marker of ischemic event. However, limited studies are available regarding role of IMA in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The aim of this study was to evaluate time course of IMA in AIS patient to validate its prognostic value. IMA level was estimated in serum ...
Kim Han-Joon - - 2010
Despite the important role of taste function in nutrition and health, little is known about changes in taste function caused by Parkinson disease (PD). The taste function of 31 PD patients and 29 healthy controls was assessed quantitatively using filter paper taste strip tests (TSTs) impregnated with four basic taste ...
Henkin Robert I - - 2010
J Oral Pathol Med (2010) Background:  We previously described some of the moieties in human saliva and nasal mucus including cyclic nucleotides. However, comparison of levels of these latter moieties in saliva and nasal mucus has not been performed and meaning of differences found has not been discussed. Purpose:  To ...
Platonov Pyotr G - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Correlation function analysis applied to endocardial electrograms has earlier been used for analysis of agreement between signals and direction of activation during atrial fibrillation (AF). This study was aimed at evaluating whether preferential activation patterns along the coronary sinus (CS) exist in patients with AF. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients (57 ...
Horn Folkert K - - 2010
PURPOSE: To develop a diagnostic setup with classification rules for combined analysis of morphology [Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT)] and function [frequency doubling technology (FDT) perimetry] measurements. METHODS: We used 2 independent case-control studies from the Erlangen eye department as learning and test data for automated classification using random forests. One ...
Sellitto Manuela M Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Bologna, 40127 Bologna, - - 2010
Choices are often intertemporal, requiring tradeoff of short-term and long-term outcomes. In such contexts, humans may prefer small rewards delivered immediately to larger rewards delivered after a delay, reflecting temporal discounting (TD) of delayed outcomes. The medial orbitofrontal cortex (mOFC) is consistently activated during intertemporal choice, yet its role remains ...
Ten Klooster Peter M - - 2011
Objective. To compare the measurement properties of the HAQ disability index (HAQ-DI), HAQ-II and short form 36 physical functioning scale (PF-10) in patients with gout. Methods. A cross-sectional sample of 97 patients with gout completed all three measures. Reliability was assessed by examining the internal consistency of the scales. Validity ...
Villanacci V - - 2010
The diagnosis of celiac disease (CD) is still mainly based on pathological description. However, these descriptions are often unable to identify latent CD. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the Marsh-Oberhuber classification and a recently proposed classification may help to identify patients with latent CD. Biopsy samples ...
Kallweit Ulf - - 2010
To assess frequency and characteristics of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in restless legs syndrome (RLS) and the evolution of EDS under different RLS therapies. We analyzed data from the "Swiss RLS" study, which was conducted to compare treatment efficacy and safety of the dopamine agonist pramipexole (PPX) versus L-dopa/benserazide (L/B) ...
Rodrigues Mecciene Mendes - - 2010
Ultraviolet radiation B (UVRB) is the most important environmental factor capable of altering the immune function of human skin. To evaluate the association of the phenotypes of susceptibility or resistance to ultraviolet radiation B (UVRB) and the polar forms of leprosy. We evaluated 38 patients with lepromatous leprosy (LL) and ...
Sithinamsuwan Pasiri - - 2010
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the neurogenic etiologies of orthostatic hypotension, a non-motor symptoms complex, that tends to be under-recognized and under-treated leading to a major cause of disability for PD patients. This complication is associated with one or recurrent falls causing mortality and morbidity. To the authors' knowledge, ...
Wu Ching-Yi - - 2010
Bilateral arm training (BAT) and constraint-induced therapy (CIT) have shown beneficial effects in improving motor control and function of the upper extremities (UE) for patients with stroke. Thus far, no study has directly investigated the relative effects of BAT versus CIT on brain reorganization. This study compared the effects of ...
Yanagihara Ted K TK Department of Neuroscience, Medical Scientist Training Program, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2010
Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy can predictably eliminate the disabling symptoms of palmar hyperhidrosis. Debate has ensued over competing techniques, in particular, cutting versus clamping of the sympathetic chain. We subjectively assessed the sweat severity in different areas of the body and evaluated changes in the quality of life in patients undergoing ...
Kim Ji-Won - - 2011
This study aims to develop a quantitative measure of bradykinesia which can be conveniently used during clinical finger taps test in patients with Parkinson's disease. A miniature, light-weight gyrosensor free from gravitational artifact was used for measurement of finger taps in order to impose minimal constraint on patients. Forty Parkinson's ...
Rey de Castro Jorge - - 2011
To evaluate the utility of a Multicultural Quality of Life Index (MQLI) in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea (OSAH). Physical examination, MQLI and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) were applied to participants. In addition, a polysomnography or a respiratory polygraphy was carried out. A total of 221 patients participated, 186 ...
von Gruenigen Vivian - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of hand-foot syndrome (HFS) in patients who received pyridoxine versus placebo during pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) chemotherapy for recurrent ovarian, breast, or endometrial cancer. METHODS: Patients received PLD 40 mg/m(2) for a maximum of 6 cycles. Patients were assigned ...
Jakobsen Lene H - - 2011
Malnutrition is a common problem in hospitalized patients and is related to decreased cognitive function and impaired quality of life (QoL). We investigated the validity of reaction time as a simple bedside tool for measuring cognitive function in healthy subjects and patients, and additionally the relationships with QoL and malnutrition ...
Brunner Elke - - 2011
Introduction: Dysphonia is considered a major symptom of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). Besides this, many patients complain of further symptoms such as dysphagia and dyspnea, which might not be expected to such an extent. The aim of this survey was to elucidate these symptoms in a cohort of patients ...
van Weering Mgh - - 2011
To compare self-report measures of daily activities with objective activity data to determine whether patients with chronic lower back pain report their activity levels as accurately as controls do. A cross-sectional study was performed in patients and controls. The study was carried out in the daily environment of the subjects. ...
Mubeen K - - 2010
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a chronic oral mucosal condition with pre-malignant potential. The association between psychiatric morbidity and OSF has been sparsely studied. This cross-sectional study included 33 consecutive subjects clinically diagnosed with OSF who attended an academic tertiary care dental centre. General Health Questionnaire-28 was administered to assess ...
Andersson Olle - - 2010
The aim of this study was to adapt the Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Health- Related Quality of Life questionnaire (LPR-HRQL) to Swedish and evaluate its psychometric properties in patients with suspected laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). The psychometric validation included 228 patients with suspected LPR who had previously undergone a 2-level 24-hour pH examination ...
Young Ian A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of the Neck Disability Index, Patient-Specific Functional Scale, and the Numeric Pain Rating Scale in a cohort of patients with cervical radiculopathy. DESIGN: A single-group repeated-measures design. Patients (n = 165) presenting to physical therapy with cervical radiculopathy completed the Neck Disability Index, Patient-Specific ...
Peters Jeannette B - - 2011
To examine the difference between patients with normal and patients with abnormal fatigue on aspects of health status, and investigate the natural course of fatigue in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Fatigue, physiological functioning, functional impairment, symptoms, and Quality of Life (QoL) were measured in 168 patients with ...
Hudson M - - 2010
To determine intra- and inter-observer reliability of widefield microscopy to measure nailfold capillary density in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Five SSc patients were examined with a STEMV-8 Zeiss biomicroscope with 50x magnification. The nailfold of the second, third, fourth and fifth fingers of both hands of each patient were ...
Fleiner Franca - - 2010
The olfactory function (OF) and gustatory function in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) can be limited. We performed the testing of orthonasal (Threshold Discrimination Identification [TDI] score with Sniffin' Sticks) and retronasal (Taste Powder) OF and gustatory function (Taste Strips; Burghart, Wedel, Germany) in patients diagnosed with MS and healthy ...
Newell David - - 2010
Prospective single cohort. To determine the ability of the Bournemouth Questionnaire (BQ) to distinguish between improved and nonimproved patients who present with either short (acute) or long (subacute/chronic) duration low back pain (LBP), and with either high or low baseline scores (severity). Recent evidence suggests that the responsiveness of outcome ...
de Almeida John R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Lip paralysis is associated with eating, speaking, and appearance impairments. The lip reanimation outcome questionnaire is designed to assess these functional impairments after lip reanimation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional validation study. SETTING: Tertiary care academic center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent lip reanimation and control subjects. A disease-specific instrument ...
Ibn Yacoub Yousra - - 2010
This study aims to assess fatigue aspects in Moroccan patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and its relationships with disease-specific variables of activity and severity. A cross-sectional study included patients with ankylosing spondylitis according to New York Classification criteria for the diagnosis of AS. To assess fatigue, the first item of ...
Walter Susanna - - 2011
The association between abdominal symptoms, disease severity of fecal incontinence (FI), and quality of life (QoL) is not yet clear. We hypothesized that it would become clearer by prospective diary data. We also aimed to compare QoL of FI patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) patients in relapse and remission. Sixty-five ...
Merkelbach S - - 2011
Fatigue is a frequent and disabling symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The objective of the study was to compare fatigue and sleepiness in MS, and their relationship to physical activity. Eighty patients with MS rated the extent of experienced fatigue (Fatigue Severity Scale, FSS) and sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness ...
Ugawa Yukiko - - 2011
After resection of maxillofacial tumors, severe functional problems related to mastication, deglutition, and speech are observed in addition to the changes in appearance and psychosocial functioning. Although speech outcome is recovered with prosthetic treatments, patients sometimes complain of continued dissatisfaction with their speech. The purpose of this study was to ...
Sönmez N C - - 2011
Chronic prostatitis (CP) and chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a common disabling condition that is primarily associated with pain in the urogenital region and disturbances in urinary and sexual function. Chronic pelvic pain symptoms are the most common presentation, especially perineal, lower abdominal, testicular, penile as well as ejaculatory ...
de Ávila Fernandes Eloy - - 2011
To describe the different and lesser-known ultrasound features of tophi in chronic tophaceous gout. Ultrasound images of 138 affected areas were analyzed from 31 patients with gout, using high-quality broadband linear transducers (frequency range of 8-14 MHz). Tophi were classified relative to echogenicity, echotexture, contours, number and the presence or absence ...
Franzén-Dahlin Asa - - 2010
This study aimed to describe the impact of heart failure and of stroke with aphasia on quality of life (QoL) and to compare the different domains of QoL in these groups. The prevalence of chronic conditions has increased during the last decades, and chronic diseases such as stroke and heart ...
Mehl Stephanie - - 2010
Although evidence suggests a discrepancy between the implicit and explicit attributional style (AS) in persons with persecutory delusions, this line of research has also produced conflicting findings. Thus, the aim of this study was to explain inconsistent results in implicit AS by introducing a modified assessment of implicit AS, which ...
Trigona Béatrice - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To measure preclinical noninvasive markers of atherosclerosis in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), and to determine their associations between physical activity level and cardiorespiratory fitness (maximal oxygen consumption [VO2max]). STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study including 32 patients with T1DM and 42 healthy subjects aged 6 to ...
Thoua Nora M - - 2010
The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is affected in up to 90% of patients with SSc to a variable extent and severity. We aimed to establish the frequency and range of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in SSc patients at the Royal Free Hospital, a tertiary referral centre. A 52-item, previously validated, questionnaire capturing ...
Chen Li-Ching - - 2010
Ankle-brachial index (ABI) is an important indicator of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and PAD has a negative impact on quality of life (QOL). However, the correlation between ABI and QOL is unknown among chronic hemodialysis patients. Ankle-brachial index was measured, and WHOQOL-BRIEF (TW) questionnaire was completed. The association between ABI ...
Karaiskos Dimitrios - - 2010
To determine the spectrum of personality and psychopathology features of patients with primary SS (pSS) and explore whether they are linked to disease characteristics as well as the presence of autoantibodies (autoAbs) against neuropeptides. Personality and psychopathological variables were determined in 103 pSS patients and 110 healthy controls (HCs). AutoAbs ...
Munshi Anusheel - - 2010
To compare quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer patients from a developing country after breast conservation surgery (BCS) or mastectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy (RT). In a 6-month period, all consecutive early and locally advanced breast cancer patients treated with either BCS or mastectomy and treated with RT were analyzed. ...
Erdmann Peter G - - 2010
Patients with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) have slowly progressive, predominantly distal asymmetric limb weakness without sensory loss. While previous studies have investigated the impact of MMN on body functions and structures, relatively little is known about the impact of patients' weakness on daily functioning. The aim of the present cross-sectional ...
Lohrer H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The VISA-A questionnaire is currently the only valid, reliable, and disease specific patient administered questionnaire for research in Achilles tendinopathy. To perform multinational and multilingual investigations this instrument was already adapted to several languages. According to the "guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures" we already ...
Moscovitch David A - - 2010
Patterns of synchrony in repeated measures of heart rate, skin conductance levels, negative affect, and positive affect were investigated in patients with social anxiety disorder and non-anxious controls during a speech task. Despite expected low levels of absolute concordance between measures of affect and arousal overall, results revealed clearly defined ...
Senel Emrah - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Anorectal malformations comprise a wide spectrum of diseases. The main concerns for the surgeon in correcting these anomalies are bowel control, urinary control, and sexual function. The aim of this study was to evaluate fecal continence together with additional urinary anomalies in patients with anorectal malformations (ARM) and determine ...
Swigris Jeffrey J JJ National Jewish Health, Denver, CO 80206, USA. - - 2010
Dyspnea is the cardinal symptom in patients with any type of interstitial lung disease (ILD); however, there are limited data on dyspnea among patients with connective tissue disease-related ILD (i.e., CTD-ILD). To explore the utility of two dyspnea instruments (the University of California San Diego Shortness of Breath Questionnaire [UCSD] ...
Maeda Toyoki - - 2011
Background: The telomere length and subtelomeric methylated status of peripheral blood leukocytes have been reported to be correlated with many kinds of pathophysiological conditions. However, the correlation between the telomeric parameters and patients' physical ability is not known. Objective: This study aims to study how telomeric parameters, including telomere length ...
Compañy Luis - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The long-term evolution of cirrhotic patients with extrapyramidal signs has not yet been studied. We have investigated the influence of extrapyramidal signs on the prognosis, evolution, and quality of life of patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Forty-six patients with cirrhosis were followed up and 18 of them were reevaluated, ...
Minnock Patricia - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study examined sensitivity to change and relative independence of fatigue as an outcome measure in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) following anti-TNF therapy. METHODS: Patients with PsA commencing anti-TNF therapy were evaluated at baseline and at 3 months. Fatigue was measured using a 0-10 numeric rating scale ...
Wunsch Ewa - - 2010
Recent studies suggest that stage-independent symptoms of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) such as chronic fatigue are a consequence of structural and functional abnormalities of the brain. Critical flicker frequency (CFF) is a psychophysiological modality analysing function of cerebral cortex. To analyse the usefulness of CFF in detection of brain dysfunction ...
Di Rienzo Marco - - 2010
This paper illustrates two extensive applications of a smart garment we previously developed for the monitoring of ECG, respiration, and movement. In the first application, the device, named Maglietta Interattiva Computerizzata (MagIC), was used for the home monitoring of cardiac patients. The used platform included MagIC for signals collection, a ...
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