Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1072
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Heaf J G - - 2010
Muscle function is impaired in uraemic patients and several causes have been proposed. Deficiency of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), which affects muscle function in non-uraemic patients, may very well also be associated with the myopathy found in these patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between 25-OHD ...
Tontini Gian Eugenio - - 2010
To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in celiac disease (CD) patients at the time of diagnosis and during a gluten-free diet (GFD). We enrolled 43 adult CD patients (18 with a typical and 15 with an atypical clinical presentation, and 10 with dermatitis herpetiformis, DH) and 86 age- and ...
Berenbaum Sheri A - - 2010
We provide evidence regarding the nature, causes, and consequences of intelligence in patients with 21-hydroxylase deficient congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). Intelligence and quality of life (psychological adjustment) were measured on multiple occasions from childhood to young adulthood in 104 patients with CAH (62 females, 42 males) and 88 unaffected relatives ...
Nagai Chiyoko - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: To clarify whether Broca's subregions, comprising the pars triangularis and pars opercularis, play different roles in syntactic processing, we investigated Japanese infarct patients with selective damage in each subregion. METHODS: Four patients participated in this study: 3 showing lesions mostly restricted to the pars opercularis (Op group) and a ...
Ingegnoli F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the assessment tools used to quantify hand impairment and organ involvement in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Eighty consecutive SSc patients were assessed for hand impairment using the Hand Anatomic Index (HAI), finger-to-palm distance in flexion (FTP), and the Hand Mobility in Scleroderma ...
Muhney Kelly A - - 2010
To compare patients' perception of discomfort, vibration and noise levels between piezoelectric and the magnetostrictive ultrasonic units during periodontal debridement. Periodontal debridement was performed on 75 subjects using a split-mouth design. Two quadrants on the same side were instrumented with a piezoelectric ultrasonic device (EMS Swiss Mini Master® Piezon) and ...
Landis Basile N - - 2010
Little is known about the clinical significance of phantosmia. The literature on phantosmia indicates that this symptom has a wide range of differential diagnoses. However, most cases of phantosmia remain of unknown origin. Our goal was to follow up patients with idiopathic phantosmia, with special regard to improvement rates and ...
Afsar Baris - - 2010
Hypertensive patients report lower general well-being, more severe psychological distress, poorer perceived health status, more physical symptoms, and functional disability when compared to normotensive patients. Nondipping of blood pressure (BP) is related to increased target organ damage in essential hypertension. However, the specific relationship between nocturnal nondipping and quality of ...
Carlsson Ingela K - - 2010
Cold sensitivity is a common and disabling complaint following hand injuries. The main purpose of this study was to describe self-reported consequences of cold sensitivity and the association with disability and health-related quality of life in patients with hand injuries or hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) and in normal subjects. Responses ...
Bennett Ethelle E Department of Medicine, Royal North Shore Hospital, St. Leonards, NSW 2065, - - 2009
To compare postcholecystectomy patients with Sphincter of Oddi (SO) dyskinesia and those with normal SO motility to determine the psychosocial distress, gender and objective clinical correlates of dyskinesia, and contrast these findings with comparisons between SO stenosis and normal SO motility. Within a cohort of seventy-two consecutive postcholecystectomy patients with ...
Lin Ying-Xiang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise capacity (BODE) index was shown at predicting the risk of death, exacerbation and disease severity among patients with COPD, but few studies verified relationship between BODE index and health related quality of life (HRQoL) among Chinese COPD patients. The objective ...
An J-G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Leprosy has an impact on patients' quality of life (QoL). However, there has been no study specifically on the impact of the severest type of leprosy-lepromatous leprosy on QoL. OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) among patients with lepromatous leprosy in China. METHODS: Sixty-four ...
Nauck T - - 2011
Objectives The evaluation of health-related quality of life and physical function is important for determining therapeutic strategies following ankle injuries. The Anglo-American Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a valid and reliable self-reported measure to detect functional deficits in chronic lateral ankle instability. The purpose of this study was ...
Turan Yasemin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the involvement of enthesis and its correlation with clinical and quality of life parameters in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: One hundred and eighteen patients who comply with the SpA classification criteria of the European Spondylarthropathy Study Group (ESSG) were included into the study. Clinical parameters such ...
Skolasky Richard L RL Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2009
An individual's propensity to engage in adaptive health and rehabilitation behaviors may account for variation in postsurgical outcome. To determine the psychometric properties and construct validity of the recently developed Patient Activation Measure (PAM) (previously unused in spine research) in persons undergoing elective lumbar spine surgery. We prospectively used the ...
Friesen Noel N Department of Obstetrics and Gastroenterology, Royal North Shore Hospital, University of Sydney, Sydney 2065, - - 2009
To evaluate gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and breath hydrogen responses to oral fructose-sorbitol (F-S) and glucose challenges in eating disorder (ED) patients. GI symptoms and hydrogen breath concentration were monitored in 26 female ED inpatients for 3 h, following ingestion of 50 g glucose on one day, and 25 g fructose/5 ...
Brand H S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the severity of xerostomia (subjective dry mouth) in haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients and to investigate the association of xerostomia with other chronic oral complications. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.Study participants and methods Participants were 48 patients with a history of HSCT recruited among members of the Dutch ...
Lee Yu Jin - - 2009
The goal of this study is to assess the relationship between stress coping mechanisms and the risk of atherosclerosis in patients with Hwa-Byung. The Korean version of the Ways of Coping Checklist (WOCC) was administered to 50 patients with Hwa-Byung (49.1+/-10.1 years, 6 males). Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and ...
Zboralski Krzysztof - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Numerous psychosomatic diseases, especially cardiovascular, are regarded as diseases of modern civilization. Psychological factors play a dominant role in these diseases. Among these factors we can distinguish several different types of emotional functioning and subjective estimation of patients' quality of life (QoL). AIM: To assess the level of QoL ...
Rider Lisa G LG Environmental Autoimmunity Group, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892-1301, USA. - - 2009
We undertook this study to validate the Myositis Damage Index (MDI) in juvenile and adult myositis, to describe the degree and types of damage and to develop predictors of damage. Retrospective MDI evaluations and prospective assessment of disease activity and illness features were conducted. Patients with juvenile-onset disease (n = ...
Ariza-Ariza Rafael - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of work disability in Spanish patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and to identify factors related to it. METHODS: A cross-sectional study based on data from Regisponser (National Spanish Registry of Patients with Spondyloarthropathy). Demographic and disease-related variables were collected. AS patients were classified as work-disabled ...
Mayer Tom G - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study evaluating the quantitative lumbar flexion-relaxation phenomenon (QLFRP), measured with surface electromyographic (SEMG) signals from the erector spinae during trunk flexion pre- and postrehabilitation, in patients with chronic disabling occupational lumbar disorders (CDOLD). OBJECTIVES: To assess the responsiveness of the QLFRP in documenting change in ...
Naka Asami - - 2010
Chemosensory dysfunction has been reported in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, the clinical significance in relation to the disease stage remains unclear. The aim of this investigation was to assess olfactory and gustatory function with valid clinical tests in patients with DM types 1 and 2 with and without ...
Tuominen Risto - - 2010
The aim was to evaluate the relative importance of the 20 functions assessed by patients to produce the Health Assessment Questionnaire's Disability Index (HAQ-DI). A systematic sample of 242 rheumatoid arthritis patients was drawn. Altogether 179 subjects returned acceptably filled questionnaire including perceived rheumatoid arthritis status in the 20 functions ...
Grant Philip M PM Stanford University, Division of Infectious Diseases, Palo Alto, CA 94305-5107, USA. - - 2009
Raltegravir is a potential treatment option for virologically suppressed HIV-1 infected patients on enfuvirtide with injection site reactions. To characterize safety and efficacy of an enfuvirtide to raltegravir switch including changes in T-cells, quality of life, and residual viremia. In patients with viral load <50 copies/mL and injection site reactions, ...
Jakobsen Lene H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Handgrip strength (HGS) is often used as a bedside measurement of muscle function in the hospital setting. The aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which HGS, endurance, and work (force during endurance x time) are related to physical function as measured by mobility and physical ...
Lim Jae-Yol - - 2009
Conclusion: A detailed understanding of clinical and voice characteristics will help to differentiate sulcus configuration and plan rational management strategies for each type. Objectives: To investigate the clinical and voice characteristics of patients with sulcus configuration of vocal folds during phonation. Patients and methods: A total of 146 patients with ...
Wood Kathryn A - - 2009
There are no disease-specific questionnaires to measure patient sensitive outcomes in arrhythmia patients. We report the development and preliminary psychometric testing of the Patient Perception of Arrhythmia Questionnaire (PPAQ). The PPAQ was developed using formative research, exploratory factor analysis, expert review, pilot study, and regression. The PPAQ measures frequency and ...
Lippmann Quinn K - - 2009
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition that affects patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The HRQoL of Barrett's esophagus (BE) has been less well studied. Furthermore, it is unknown to what extent BE patients suffer from psychological distress as a result of carrying a diagnosis of a premalignant ...
Matsumoto Shinya - - 2009
Yusho (oil disease) is the name given to a food poisoning incident caused by rice bran oil that occurred in west Japan in 1968. The causative agents of Yusho are currently considered to be polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and their by-products, such as dioxin like compounds. The levels of 2,3,4,7,8-penta-cholorodibenzofuran (PeCDF) ...
Rudolph T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term functional status and well-being in patients with chronic idiopathic polyneuropathy (CIP) in comparison to Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two CIP and 42 GBS-patients were examined at median 5 and 6 years after disease onset and were compared with 50 healthy ...
Salaffi F - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare health-related quality of life (HRQL) in fibromyalgia (FM) patients with that of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the general population, and investigate if the factors are associated with the greater impact of FM. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 380 patients with FM, 693 patients with RA ...
Di Franco M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome associated with widespread pain and various other signs and symptoms. Several of these multisystem features could be explained on the basis of autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction. METHODS: The aim of the present study was to evaluate ANS dysfunction in FM based on time-domain ...
Walfridsson Ulla - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Living with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia affects a patient's whole life situation, but few studies have addressed health-related quality of life (HRQOL) aspects in these patients. The aim was therefore to describe HRQOL in patients with atrioventricular nodal re-entry tachycardia (AVNRT) or Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, referred for radiofrequency ablation (RF-ablation), ...
Mahler Donald A - - 2009
Although questionnaires are used frequently with patients to self-report the severity of dyspnea as related to activities of daily living, the reliability of these instruments has not been established. The two purposes of this study were to examine the test-retest reliability of three widely used dyspnea instruments and to compare ...
Rynja Sybren P - - 2009
PURPOSE: We assessed long-term results after hypospadias surgery with respect to urinary and sexual function, cosmetic appearance and intimate relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We contacted 116 patients who are now adults and who underwent surgery between 1987 and 1992. Participation included mailed questionnaires containing the International Prostate Symptom Score, International ...
Jones Carole A - - 2010
AIM: To assess a two-phase method of recording levator function in order to facilitate the identification of patients with ptosis who have a synkinesis between the levator and superior rectus muscles. METHODS: 40 consecutive patients who attended oculoplastic clinics with ptosis and 22 patients with normal lid function were recruited. ...
Cakar Engin - - 2009
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a systemic chronic inflammatory disease primarily affecting the axial skeleton. Work disability can be one of the major consequences of AS, and the knowledge about the burden of AS to the patient and society is not well-established yet. The objective of this study was to investigate ...
Nieuwboer Alice - - 2009
Freezing of gait (FOG) is difficult to measure due to its unpredictable occurrence. This study investigated: (1) whether the new freezing of gait questionnaire (NFOG-Q) is a reliable measure of freezing by comparing patients' ratings with those of carers' and (2) whether adding a video improved its reliability. Non-demented people ...
Wang Shenglin - - 2009
CMA values have been effectively used to evaluate the amount of BI, the brainstem and medulla compression, and the amount of postoperative decompression. However, the reliability and reproducibility of this measurement have yet to be determined. In addition, the information that is available concerning CMA values in normal individuals has ...
Pereira Eanes Delgado Barros - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of life of COPD patients by using the Medical Outcomes 36-item Short-Form Survey (SF-36) and the Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), correlating the scores with respiratory function parameters. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 42 COPD patients. We used the SGRQ (a specific questionnaire) ...
Bermejo-Fenoll Ambrosio - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Morphometric study of the dorsum linguae in patients with Oral Lichen Planus (OLP). MATERIAL AND METHOD: In 236 patients with a clinicopathologic diagnosis of OLP, 111 were found to have involvement of the dorsum linguae. For the purposes of the study, 41 of these cases were used, due to ...
Hojo Sachiko - - 2009
The Quick Environment Exposure Sensitivity Inventory (QEESI((c))) has been used as a questionnaire to evaluate subjective symptoms of patients with multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), also known as idiopathic environmental intolerance, in Japan. However, no cutoff value for Japanese subjects has yet been established. We designed this study to establish a ...
Hatt Sarah R - - 2009
To compare two health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) questionnaires in adults with strabismus: the new 20-item Adult Strabismus (AS-20) questionnaire (developed specifically for Adult Strabismus) and the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25). Cross-sectional study. Eighty-four adult patients with strabismus (median age, 53 years; range, 18 to 81 years) completed ...
Godfrey A - - 2009
The usefulness of motor subtypes of delirium is unclear due to inconsistency in subtyping methods and a lack of validation with objective measures of activity. The activity of 40 patients was measured over 24h with a commercial accelerometer-based activity monitor. Accelerometry data from patients with DSM-IV delirium that were readily ...
Jan Mei-Hwa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is controversy regarding the relationship between patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and insufficiency of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO). The conventional clinical practice of VMO strengthening for PFPS has been challenged for lack of evidence. The purpose of this study was to observe the difference in sonographic findings of ...
Solano Carla - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that autonomic nervous system dysfunction may explain all of fibromyalgia (FM) multisystem features. Such proposal is based mostly on the results of diverse heart rate variability analyses. The Composite Autonomic Symptom Scale (COMPASS) is a different validated method to recognize dysautonomia. OBJECTIVES: The main objective ...
Yamana Eiko - - 2009
AIM: With advances in medicine, the subjective assessment of patients on hemodialysis regarding their quality of life (QOL) is gaining importance. Clinicians cannot rely solely on objective markers, such as the rates of complications and mortality, when evaluating responses to dialysis. In clinical settings, laboratory values are used as measures ...
Andreasen A K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of fatigue in multiple sclerosis (MS) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the role of central motor activation we hypothesized that patients with primary fatigue have impaired central motor function and increased fatigability as compared to secondary fatigued and non-fatigued patients. METHODS: Sixty patients with relapsing remitting ...
Vanthuyne Marie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate a manual ability questionnaire, the ABILHAND, developed through the Rasch methodology in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: The original version of the ABILHAND, which includes 81 manual daily activities, was presented to 156 patients with SSc. They were asked to provide their perceived difficulty ...
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