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Results 201 - 250 of 1153
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dos Santos Natanael Antonio - - 2012
Stroke has been considered a serious public health problem in many countries, accounting for complex disorders involving perception, such as visual, cognitive and functional deficits. The impact of stroke on the visual perception of individuals with impairments in functional independence was investigated. We measured changes in functional independence and visual ...
Oliveira Rodrigo A - - 2012
Renal evaluation studies are rare in American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL). The aim of this study is to investigate whether specific treatment reverts ACL-associated renal dysfunction. A prospective study was conducted with 37 patients with ACL. Urinary concentrating and acidification ability was assessed before and after treatment with pentavalent antimonial. The ...
Wang Yao Y Department of Emergency Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2012
5-lipoxygenase protein (ALOX5AP) has been recognized as a susceptibility gene for stroke and coronary artery diseases. The present study was to explore the role of this gene in the eastern Chinese patients with ischemic stroke. Using a case-control design, we studied 658 patients with ischemic stroke and 704 unrelated population-based ...
Mohammad Misbahuddin M Department of Emergency Medicine, Max Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2012
Stroke is a common presentation in geriatric patients in emergency department but rarely seen in pediatric patients. In case of acute ischemic stroke in pediatric age group, management is different from that of adult ischemic stroke where thrombolysis is a good op. We report a case of a 17-year-old male ...
Ghinoi Alessandra - - 2011
Objectives. The prevalence of large-vessel vasculitis (LVV) in newly diagnosed GCA is still debated. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of LVV in newly diagnosed GCA using colour-Doppler sonography (CDS) and to compare the clinical and laboratory findings of GCA patients with and without LVV.Methods. Sixty-two ...
Bez Yasin - - 2011
Aim: In this study, our aim is to evaluate the differences in family functions and anxiety between normal, overweight, and obese subjects. Method: Overweight and obese patients were selected from the outpatient clinic of internal medicine department of a university hospital. Patients were grouped into three as normal weight (n=82), ...
Kovalenko Aleksandra - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the psychological status and correlate it with the severity of facial deformities of patients with skeletal malocclusions before orthognathic treatment. Materials and Methods: A total of 96 patients aged 15 to 47 with skeletal malocclusions were examined before orthognathic treatment was provided. A photographic analysis was ...
Robati Reza Mahmoud - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a life-threatening autoimmune bullous disease, mediated by autoantibodies directed against antigens on the keratinocyte cell surface of stratified squamous epithelia. The frequency of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) involvement in PV is not clearly identified. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the ENT involvement in new ...
Kitzing Yu Xuan - - 2011
Congenital extrahepatic portocaval shunt is a rare condition that is described mostly in female patients. We report an unusual case of a young adult male patient with type 1 congenital extrahepatic portocaval shunt with associated development of a focal nodular hyperplasia on a background of regenerative nodules. With multi-slice CT ...
Mathur M C - - 2011
Background Leprosy is a chronic, infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. It is classified into five groups based on clinical, histological, microbiological and immunological criteria (Ridley and Jopling Classification) . However, a great variation has been observed in the interpretation of histopathological examination ok skin biopsies and clinical presentation of ...
Martinez Alejandra Nóbrega - - 2011
The increased reliability and efficiency of the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) makes it a promising tool for performing large-scale screening for infectious disease among high-risk individuals. To date, no study has evaluated the specificity and sensitivity of different qPCR assays for leprosy diagnosis using a range of clinical samples ...
Visser Leo H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common entrapment neuropathy. A local corticosteroid injection at the carpal tunnel inlet is often given to reduce the signs and symptoms. The long term effect of a local corticosteroid injection is not known yet. The aims of the study were to assess the ...
Kilincaslan Huseyin - - 2011
Glanzman thrombasthenia is a rare hematologic disorder characterized by qualitative thrombocyte abnormality. Patients present with episodic mucocutaneous bleeding. Thrombosis is a paradox phenomenon observed in patients with Glanzman thrombasthenia and generally considered as a treatment complication. We present a 16-year-old girl referred for severe flank pain beginning after treatment of ...
Kohli S - - 2011
End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) have a lot of anxiety. Anxiety and coping are associated with the locus of control; the present investigation aimed to study the state and trait anxiety, locus of control, and active and passive coping among patients on MHD. Thirty MHD patients ...
Baur Volker - - 2011
White matter architecture in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) has rarely been investigated, but may yield insights with respect to altered structural brain connectivity. Initial evidence points to alterations in the uncinate fasciculus (UF). We applied diffusion tensor imaging in 25 patients with SAD and 25 matched healthy subjects. ...
Barry John-Sebastian - - 2011
Introduction: We describe the uses and effectiveness of botulinum toxin to the inferior rectus muscle in iatrogenic vertical strabismus. Methods: A retrospective review of our database to identify patients who had undergone inferior rectus botulinum toxin injection between 1982 and 2006 for iatrogenic vertical strabismus. Results: There were 13 patients, ...
Levine Joshua M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In the setting of head trauma, progressive bradycardia may raise suspicion for intracranial hypertension, especially when accompanied by pupillary abnormalities or systemic hypertension. METHODS: We describe the case of a patient with concomitant cerebral and ocular trauma who presented with a fixed and dilated pupil and progressive bradycardia due ...
Hoffmayer Kurt S KS San Francisco, California San Diego, CA 94143–1354, - - 2011
An unusual 12-lead electrocardiographic pattern may be present in patients with cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-dependent flutter.  Using baseline patient characteristics and echocardiography, we sought to study predictors of unusual electrocardiogram (ECG) characteristics in patients with CTI-dependent atrial flutter.  This was a dual-center, retrospective cohort study of 147 patients undergoing electrophysiology study ...
Ille Rottraut - - 2011
Findings on affective processing deficits in Huntington's disease (HD) have been inconsistent. It is still not clear whether HD patients are afflicted by specific deficits in emotion recognition and experience. We tested 28 symptomatic HD patients and presented them with pictures depicting facial expressions of emotions (Karolinska-Set) and with affective ...
Lee Joon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia assessment involves diagnosis of individual swallows in terms of the depth of airway invasion and degree of bolus clearance. The videofluoroscopic swallowing study is the current gold standard for dysphagia assessment but is time-consuming and costly. An ideal alternative would be an automated abnormal swallow detection methodology based ...
Goodwin Denise - - 2011
Because of the transient and rare nature, objective visual and neuroimaging evaluation during an acute, spontaneous attack of a migrainous aura causing a complete homonymous hemianopia has not been reported. A healthy 27-year-old white woman with a history of typical aura with migraine presented during an episode of no light ...
Schmidt Heike - - 2011
The authors investigated whether difficulties with temporal event coding, previously reported in patients with schizophrenia, are already present during first-episode psychosis (FEP). In this experiment, the subjective judgments of the simultaneity of visually presented stimuli were compared between 11 healthy controls, 9 patients with chronic schizophrenia (CSZ), and a sample ...
Zarahn Eric - - 2011
There is substantial interpatient variation in recovery from upper limb impairment after stroke in patients with severe initial impairment. Defining recovery as a change in the upper limb Fugl-Meyer score (ΔFM), we predicted ΔFM with its conditional expectation (i.e., posterior mean) given upper limb Fugl-Meyer initial impairment (FM(ii)) and a ...
Pehlivan Münevver - - 2011
The "hygiene hypothesis" suggests that a reduction in the exposure to infectious agents due to improved health conditions has contributed to the increased incidence of autoimmune disorders in developed countries. In keeping with the hygiene hypothesis, many autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS) are more frequently observed in developed ...
Gulsen Murat Taner - - 2011
AIM: Cascade stomach (CS) is a deformity of stomach, capable of leading dyspepsia, and its actual incidence is unknown. We investigated its frequency and performed a preliminary study to determine endoscopic diagnostic criteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One thousand four hundred and seventy-five consecutive patients were enrolled to this study. A ...
Carrasco Esperanza - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The association between aortic stenosis (AS) and acquired von Willebrand disease type 2A has been described. It may be present in up to 90% of patients with AS. Shear stress has been proposed as the underlying mechanism; however, the physiopathology of this condition is not completely understood. No specific ...
Tillmann H L - - 2011
Summary.  Little is known comparing and contrasting quality of life (QoL) in patients with hepatitis C, compared to patients with other liver diseases. We performed two independent prospective cross-sectional studies including 511 and 284 patients with different forms of liver diseases. SF-36 was used in both studies. Fatigue Impact Score, ...
Natarajan Sabareesh K - - 2011
Purpose The authors report the endovascular treatment of intracranial stenosis in six patients with moyamoya-type collaterals. Patients All patients previously had experienced a stroke or transient ischemic attack. Lesion locations included a unilateral M1-segment lesion in five patients; and ipsilateral internal carotid artery (ICA)-T, M1 and A1 lesions with contralateral ...
Muxí Africa - - 2011
PURPOSE: Molecular imaging with (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) has been used in Parkinson's disease (PD), but there is no consensual index to discriminate between normal and PD patients in the Caucasian population. The purpose of this study was to determine diagnostic cutoff points in the quantification of MIBG cardiac uptake in our ...
Burdmann Emmanuel A - - 2011
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a simple, safe, gentle, and efficient renal replacement therapy (RRT) method. It is able to correct acute kidney injury (AKI)-induced metabolic, electrolytic, and acid-base disorders and volume overload both in and out the intensive care unit setting. Some PD modalities, such as high-volume PD and continuous ...
Abraham Jean-Daniel - - 2011
Using proteomic approach in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) we identified pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) and Haptoglobin (Hp) as putative markers that could discriminate between AD and other dementias. ELISA assays were developed to measure the levels of PEDF and Hp in CSF from patients with AD (AD, n = 27), non-AD (NAD, n = 30) ...
Schreiber J-U - - 2011
Background: Acceleromyography has been shown to be an appropriate method in the detection of residual paralysis. However, the clinical importance of an individual calibration of the device in the single patient to improve reliability in detecting residual paralysis remains unclear. Methods: Observational study in 100 patients undergoing general anaesthesia with ...
Salem Y M Y - - 2011
This study aimed to evaluate the degree of colour change after an in-office vital tooth bleaching procedure with a 35% hydrogen peroxide gel using a spectrophotometer. The study also determined the patients' perceptions of the colour change and assessed the post operative sensitivity during the first week of the intervention. ...
Bidet-Ildei Christel - - 2011
The present research focused on how patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) produce handwriting sequences. PD patients who were on/off medication or deep brain stimulation treatments had to write lll and lln trigrams. We evaluated their ability to anticipate on-line the last letter in the trigram. The results revealed that in ...
Marinelli Lucio - - 2011
When reaching movements are performed in an unusual area of work, normal subjects produce a rightward directional error. This has been considered to be caused by an impaired representation of limb configuration, which hampers the actual movement vector. Motor programming has been found to be impaired in dystonia. To understand ...
Wang J - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Olfactory dysfunction is commonly associated with IPD. We here report the association of OB volume and OS depth with olfactory function in patients with PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morphometric analyses by using MR imaging and the Japanese T&T olfactometer threshold test were used to evaluate olfactory structure ...
Dibaise John K - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cholecystokinin-cholescintigraphy (CCK-CS) provides a physiologic, noninvasive, and quantitative method for assessing gallbladder contraction and calculation of a gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF). At present, it is used most commonly to identify patients with suspected functional gallbladder disorder. However, the methodology of CCK infusion and normal values differ markedly ...
Powell Douglas - - 2011
Quantify the enhancement of parkinsonian rigidity associated with a contralateral activation maneuver. Twelve subjects with PD and eight controls participated in the study protocol. Subjects' tested hand was displaced by a servo-motor throughout wrist flexion and extension motions of 60° without and with a concurrent gripping activation in the contralateral ...
Carey Leeanne M LM Division of Neuro-rehabilitation and Recovery, National Stroke Research Institute, Florey Neuroscience Institutes, Level 2, Neurosciences Building, Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Austin Health, 300 Waterdale Road, Heidelberg Heights, Victoria, 3081, Australia. - - 2011
Somatosensory loss following stroke is common, with negative consequences for functional outcome. However, existing studies typically do not include quantitative measures of discriminative sensibility. The aim of this study was to quantify the proportion of stroke patients presenting with discriminative sensory loss of the hand in the post-acute rehabilitation phase. ...
Mak Margaret K Y - - 2011
Previous studies focused on describing successful sit-to-stand (STS) performance in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). Little is known about why these patients fail to perform this transfer activity. Objective This study aimed to determine the role of dynamic stability and limb support in governing successful STS performance in patients with ...
Jilek C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Visualization of intracardiac catheters placed in predefined anatomic locations is a cornerstone for successful atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The 3D mapping system Carto3™ (Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, USA) released in 2009 provides the possibility to visualize more than one intracardiac catheter at a time. The aim of the ...
Saba Samir - - 2011
Aims Discerning supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) mechanism during catheter ablation procedures can be difficult and time-consuming, which, when combined with diagnostic error, places patients at risk of unnecessary complications. Distinguishing atrial tachycardia (AT) from AV nodal re-entry tachycardia (AVNRT) may be particularly vexatious. Value-added techniques are thus always welcome, particularly if ...
Iosa Marco - - 2011
Electromechanically assisted gait training is a promising task-oriented approach for gait restoration, especially for people with subacute stroke. However, few guidelines are available for selecting the parameter values of the electromechanical Gait Trainer (GT) (Reha-Stim; Berlin, Germany) and none is tailored to a patient's motor capacity. We assessed 342 GT ...
Mollahoseini Reza - - 2011
Presentation of an unusual case of cerebral aspergillosis in an immune competent patient who was treated successfully but symptoms and signs of a demyelinating process following initial recovery has been occurred. A 29-year-old male with focal seizure. Brain MRI revealed small multiple hemispheric and dural lesions. An open biopsy was ...
Habesoglu Mehmet A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to ascertain the effect of the extent and severity of bronchiectasis as determined with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) on lung function in patients with pure bronchiectasis, bronchiectasis and asthma, and bronchiectasis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). One hundred nineteen patients (71 with pure ...
Chen L - - 2011
This study evaluated dynamic colour duplex Doppler ultrasound (D-CDDU) for the assessment of erectile function in patients with post-traumatic urethral stricture. In total, 44 patients with urethral stricture secondary to trauma were recruited between January 2009 and June 2010. Peak systolic velocity of the cavernosal artery was measured before and ...
Gerschlager Willi - - 2011
Orthostatic tremor (OT) is a rare syndrome characterized by unsteadiness on standing due to a high-frequency tremor involving the legs. Symptoms usually start in the sixth decade. Typically, the symptoms rapidly improve on sitting or walking, and the need to sit down or to move can be so strong that ...
Arimura Eiko - - 2011
To assess the correlations between a patient's subjective perception of metamorphopsia and the clinical measurements of metamorphopsia by M-CHARTS and PreView PHP (PHP). The authors designed a 10-item questionnaire focusing on the symptoms of metamorphopsia and verified its validity with a Rasch analysis. M-CHARTS measured the minimum visual angle of ...
Mitsonis Charalampos - - 2011
Background. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy (CS) can evoke anxiety, embarrassment, and discomfort. These concerns can culminate in panic attacks, which may traumatize patients and significantly decrease their compliance to the procedure. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between preendoscopic anxiety and the possibility of a panic ...
Kobayashi Nobuaki - - 2011
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is regarded as a biomarker of plaque rupture or vulnerability and is elevated in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of MMP-9 for early ACS (≤4h of onset) and late ACS (>4h after onset), compared ...
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