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Levine Joshua M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In the setting of head trauma, progressive bradycardia may raise suspicion for intracranial hypertension, especially when accompanied by pupillary abnormalities or systemic hypertension. METHODS: We describe the case of a patient with concomitant cerebral and ocular trauma who presented with a fixed and dilated pupil and progressive bradycardia due ...
Hoffmayer Kurt S KS San Francisco, California San Diego, CA 94143–1354, - - 2011
An unusual 12-lead electrocardiographic pattern may be present in patients with cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-dependent flutter.  Using baseline patient characteristics and echocardiography, we sought to study predictors of unusual electrocardiogram (ECG) characteristics in patients with CTI-dependent atrial flutter.  This was a dual-center, retrospective cohort study of 147 patients undergoing electrophysiology study ...
Ille Rottraut - - 2011
Findings on affective processing deficits in Huntington's disease (HD) have been inconsistent. It is still not clear whether HD patients are afflicted by specific deficits in emotion recognition and experience. We tested 28 symptomatic HD patients and presented them with pictures depicting facial expressions of emotions (Karolinska-Set) and with affective ...
Lee Joon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia assessment involves diagnosis of individual swallows in terms of the depth of airway invasion and degree of bolus clearance. The videofluoroscopic swallowing study is the current gold standard for dysphagia assessment but is time-consuming and costly. An ideal alternative would be an automated abnormal swallow detection methodology based ...
Goodwin Denise - - 2011
Because of the transient and rare nature, objective visual and neuroimaging evaluation during an acute, spontaneous attack of a migrainous aura causing a complete homonymous hemianopia has not been reported. A healthy 27-year-old white woman with a history of typical aura with migraine presented during an episode of no light ...
Schmidt Heike - - 2011
The authors investigated whether difficulties with temporal event coding, previously reported in patients with schizophrenia, are already present during first-episode psychosis (FEP). In this experiment, the subjective judgments of the simultaneity of visually presented stimuli were compared between 11 healthy controls, 9 patients with chronic schizophrenia (CSZ), and a sample ...
Zarahn Eric - - 2011
There is substantial interpatient variation in recovery from upper limb impairment after stroke in patients with severe initial impairment. Defining recovery as a change in the upper limb Fugl-Meyer score (ΔFM), we predicted ΔFM with its conditional expectation (i.e., posterior mean) given upper limb Fugl-Meyer initial impairment (FM(ii)) and a ...
Pehlivan Münevver - - 2011
The "hygiene hypothesis" suggests that a reduction in the exposure to infectious agents due to improved health conditions has contributed to the increased incidence of autoimmune disorders in developed countries. In keeping with the hygiene hypothesis, many autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS) are more frequently observed in developed ...
Gulsen Murat Taner - - 2011
AIM: Cascade stomach (CS) is a deformity of stomach, capable of leading dyspepsia, and its actual incidence is unknown. We investigated its frequency and performed a preliminary study to determine endoscopic diagnostic criteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One thousand four hundred and seventy-five consecutive patients were enrolled to this study. A ...
Carrasco Esperanza - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The association between aortic stenosis (AS) and acquired von Willebrand disease type 2A has been described. It may be present in up to 90% of patients with AS. Shear stress has been proposed as the underlying mechanism; however, the physiopathology of this condition is not completely understood. No specific ...
Tillmann H L - - 2011
Summary.  Little is known comparing and contrasting quality of life (QoL) in patients with hepatitis C, compared to patients with other liver diseases. We performed two independent prospective cross-sectional studies including 511 and 284 patients with different forms of liver diseases. SF-36 was used in both studies. Fatigue Impact Score, ...
Natarajan Sabareesh K - - 2011
Purpose The authors report the endovascular treatment of intracranial stenosis in six patients with moyamoya-type collaterals. Patients All patients previously had experienced a stroke or transient ischemic attack. Lesion locations included a unilateral M1-segment lesion in five patients; and ipsilateral internal carotid artery (ICA)-T, M1 and A1 lesions with contralateral ...
Muxí Africa - - 2011
PURPOSE: Molecular imaging with (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) has been used in Parkinson's disease (PD), but there is no consensual index to discriminate between normal and PD patients in the Caucasian population. The purpose of this study was to determine diagnostic cutoff points in the quantification of MIBG cardiac uptake in our ...
Burdmann Emmanuel A - - 2011
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a simple, safe, gentle, and efficient renal replacement therapy (RRT) method. It is able to correct acute kidney injury (AKI)-induced metabolic, electrolytic, and acid-base disorders and volume overload both in and out the intensive care unit setting. Some PD modalities, such as high-volume PD and continuous ...
Abraham Jean-Daniel - - 2011
Using proteomic approach in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) we identified pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) and Haptoglobin (Hp) as putative markers that could discriminate between AD and other dementias. ELISA assays were developed to measure the levels of PEDF and Hp in CSF from patients with AD (AD, n = 27), non-AD (NAD, n = 30) ...
Schreiber J-U - - 2011
Background: Acceleromyography has been shown to be an appropriate method in the detection of residual paralysis. However, the clinical importance of an individual calibration of the device in the single patient to improve reliability in detecting residual paralysis remains unclear. Methods: Observational study in 100 patients undergoing general anaesthesia with ...
Salem Y M Y - - 2011
This study aimed to evaluate the degree of colour change after an in-office vital tooth bleaching procedure with a 35% hydrogen peroxide gel using a spectrophotometer. The study also determined the patients' perceptions of the colour change and assessed the post operative sensitivity during the first week of the intervention. ...
Bidet-Ildei Christel - - 2011
The present research focused on how patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) produce handwriting sequences. PD patients who were on/off medication or deep brain stimulation treatments had to write lll and lln trigrams. We evaluated their ability to anticipate on-line the last letter in the trigram. The results revealed that in ...
Marinelli Lucio - - 2011
When reaching movements are performed in an unusual area of work, normal subjects produce a rightward directional error. This has been considered to be caused by an impaired representation of limb configuration, which hampers the actual movement vector. Motor programming has been found to be impaired in dystonia. To understand ...
Wang J - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Olfactory dysfunction is commonly associated with IPD. We here report the association of OB volume and OS depth with olfactory function in patients with PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morphometric analyses by using MR imaging and the Japanese T&T olfactometer threshold test were used to evaluate olfactory structure ...
Dibaise John K - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cholecystokinin-cholescintigraphy (CCK-CS) provides a physiologic, noninvasive, and quantitative method for assessing gallbladder contraction and calculation of a gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF). At present, it is used most commonly to identify patients with suspected functional gallbladder disorder. However, the methodology of CCK infusion and normal values differ markedly ...
Powell Douglas - - 2011
Quantify the enhancement of parkinsonian rigidity associated with a contralateral activation maneuver. Twelve subjects with PD and eight controls participated in the study protocol. Subjects' tested hand was displaced by a servo-motor throughout wrist flexion and extension motions of 60° without and with a concurrent gripping activation in the contralateral ...
Carey Leeanne M LM Division of Neuro-rehabilitation and Recovery, National Stroke Research Institute, Florey Neuroscience Institutes, Level 2, Neurosciences Building, Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, Austin Health, 300 Waterdale Road, Heidelberg Heights, Victoria, 3081, Australia. - - 2011
Somatosensory loss following stroke is common, with negative consequences for functional outcome. However, existing studies typically do not include quantitative measures of discriminative sensibility. The aim of this study was to quantify the proportion of stroke patients presenting with discriminative sensory loss of the hand in the post-acute rehabilitation phase. ...
Mak Margaret K Y - - 2011
Previous studies focused on describing successful sit-to-stand (STS) performance in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). Little is known about why these patients fail to perform this transfer activity. Objective This study aimed to determine the role of dynamic stability and limb support in governing successful STS performance in patients with ...
Jilek C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Visualization of intracardiac catheters placed in predefined anatomic locations is a cornerstone for successful atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. The 3D mapping system Carto3™ (Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, USA) released in 2009 provides the possibility to visualize more than one intracardiac catheter at a time. The aim of the ...
Saba Samir - - 2011
Aims Discerning supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) mechanism during catheter ablation procedures can be difficult and time-consuming, which, when combined with diagnostic error, places patients at risk of unnecessary complications. Distinguishing atrial tachycardia (AT) from AV nodal re-entry tachycardia (AVNRT) may be particularly vexatious. Value-added techniques are thus always welcome, particularly if ...
Iosa Marco - - 2011
Electromechanically assisted gait training is a promising task-oriented approach for gait restoration, especially for people with subacute stroke. However, few guidelines are available for selecting the parameter values of the electromechanical Gait Trainer (GT) (Reha-Stim; Berlin, Germany) and none is tailored to a patient's motor capacity. We assessed 342 GT ...
Mollahoseini Reza - - 2011
Presentation of an unusual case of cerebral aspergillosis in an immune competent patient who was treated successfully but symptoms and signs of a demyelinating process following initial recovery has been occurred. A 29-year-old male with focal seizure. Brain MRI revealed small multiple hemispheric and dural lesions. An open biopsy was ...
Habesoglu Mehmet A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to ascertain the effect of the extent and severity of bronchiectasis as determined with high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) on lung function in patients with pure bronchiectasis, bronchiectasis and asthma, and bronchiectasis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). One hundred nineteen patients (71 with pure ...
Chen L - - 2011
This study evaluated dynamic colour duplex Doppler ultrasound (D-CDDU) for the assessment of erectile function in patients with post-traumatic urethral stricture. In total, 44 patients with urethral stricture secondary to trauma were recruited between January 2009 and June 2010. Peak systolic velocity of the cavernosal artery was measured before and ...
Gerschlager Willi - - 2011
Orthostatic tremor (OT) is a rare syndrome characterized by unsteadiness on standing due to a high-frequency tremor involving the legs. Symptoms usually start in the sixth decade. Typically, the symptoms rapidly improve on sitting or walking, and the need to sit down or to move can be so strong that ...
Arimura Eiko - - 2011
To assess the correlations between a patient's subjective perception of metamorphopsia and the clinical measurements of metamorphopsia by M-CHARTS and PreView PHP (PHP). The authors designed a 10-item questionnaire focusing on the symptoms of metamorphopsia and verified its validity with a Rasch analysis. M-CHARTS measured the minimum visual angle of ...
Mitsonis Charalampos - - 2011
Background. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy (CS) can evoke anxiety, embarrassment, and discomfort. These concerns can culminate in panic attacks, which may traumatize patients and significantly decrease their compliance to the procedure. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between preendoscopic anxiety and the possibility of a panic ...
Kobayashi Nobuaki - - 2011
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is regarded as a biomarker of plaque rupture or vulnerability and is elevated in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of MMP-9 for early ACS (≤4h of onset) and late ACS (>4h after onset), compared ...
Nekouei Zohreh Khayyam - - 2011
This study aimed to compare the anxiety of cardiac patients candidate for angiography with normal population in Isfahan province. The study population included 109 people, 53 cardiac patients referring to Chamran Cardiology Hospital in Isfahan for angiography and 56 people without cardiac disease. Data were collected by Cattle anxiety scale. ...
Rodrigues Luciana Silva - - 2011
Caused by Mycobacterium leprae (ML), leprosy presents a strong immune-inflammatory component, whose status dictates both the clinical form of the disease and the occurrence of reactional episodes. Evidence has shown that, during the immune-inflammatory response to infection, the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-I (GH/IGF-I) plays a prominent regulatory role. However, in ...
Lee Won-Seop - - 2011
Bortezomib is an inhibitor of 26S proteasome, which is an effective treatment for multiple myeloma. The common adverse effects of bortezomib are asthenic conditions, gastrointestinal disturbances, and peripheral neuropathy. Here we describe a patient with dyspnea and general weakness because of complete atrioventricular block while receiving bortezomib. We immediately stopped ...
Kim Han-Joon - - 2010
Despite the important role of taste function in nutrition and health, little is known about changes in taste function caused by Parkinson disease (PD). The taste function of 31 PD patients and 29 healthy controls was assessed quantitatively using filter paper taste strip tests (TSTs) impregnated with four basic taste ...
Henkin Robert I - - 2010
J Oral Pathol Med (2010) Background:  We previously described some of the moieties in human saliva and nasal mucus including cyclic nucleotides. However, comparison of levels of these latter moieties in saliva and nasal mucus has not been performed and meaning of differences found has not been discussed. Purpose:  To ...
Platonov Pyotr G - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Correlation function analysis applied to endocardial electrograms has earlier been used for analysis of agreement between signals and direction of activation during atrial fibrillation (AF). This study was aimed at evaluating whether preferential activation patterns along the coronary sinus (CS) exist in patients with AF. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients (57 ...
Horn Folkert K - - 2010
PURPOSE: To develop a diagnostic setup with classification rules for combined analysis of morphology [Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT)] and function [frequency doubling technology (FDT) perimetry] measurements. METHODS: We used 2 independent case-control studies from the Erlangen eye department as learning and test data for automated classification using random forests. One ...
Sellitto Manuela M Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Bologna, 40127 Bologna, - - 2010
Choices are often intertemporal, requiring tradeoff of short-term and long-term outcomes. In such contexts, humans may prefer small rewards delivered immediately to larger rewards delivered after a delay, reflecting temporal discounting (TD) of delayed outcomes. The medial orbitofrontal cortex (mOFC) is consistently activated during intertemporal choice, yet its role remains ...
Ten Klooster Peter M - - 2011
Objective. To compare the measurement properties of the HAQ disability index (HAQ-DI), HAQ-II and short form 36 physical functioning scale (PF-10) in patients with gout. Methods. A cross-sectional sample of 97 patients with gout completed all three measures. Reliability was assessed by examining the internal consistency of the scales. Validity ...
Villanacci V - - 2010
The diagnosis of celiac disease (CD) is still mainly based on pathological description. However, these descriptions are often unable to identify latent CD. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the Marsh-Oberhuber classification and a recently proposed classification may help to identify patients with latent CD. Biopsy samples ...
Kallweit Ulf - - 2010
To assess frequency and characteristics of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in restless legs syndrome (RLS) and the evolution of EDS under different RLS therapies. We analyzed data from the "Swiss RLS" study, which was conducted to compare treatment efficacy and safety of the dopamine agonist pramipexole (PPX) versus L-dopa/benserazide (L/B) ...
Rodrigues Mecciene Mendes - - 2010
Ultraviolet radiation B (UVRB) is the most important environmental factor capable of altering the immune function of human skin. To evaluate the association of the phenotypes of susceptibility or resistance to ultraviolet radiation B (UVRB) and the polar forms of leprosy. We evaluated 38 patients with lepromatous leprosy (LL) and ...
Sithinamsuwan Pasiri - - 2010
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the neurogenic etiologies of orthostatic hypotension, a non-motor symptoms complex, that tends to be under-recognized and under-treated leading to a major cause of disability for PD patients. This complication is associated with one or recurrent falls causing mortality and morbidity. To the authors' knowledge, ...
Yanagihara Ted K - - 2010
Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy can predictably eliminate the disabling symptoms of palmar hyperhidrosis. Debate has ensued over competing techniques, in particular, cutting versus clamping of the sympathetic chain. We subjectively assessed the sweat severity in different areas of the body and evaluated changes in the quality of life in patients undergoing ...
Wu Ching-Yi - - 2010
Bilateral arm training (BAT) and constraint-induced therapy (CIT) have shown beneficial effects in improving motor control and function of the upper extremities (UE) for patients with stroke. Thus far, no study has directly investigated the relative effects of BAT versus CIT on brain reorganization. This study compared the effects of ...
Kim Ji-Won - - 2011
This study aims to develop a quantitative measure of bradykinesia which can be conveniently used during clinical finger taps test in patients with Parkinson's disease. A miniature, light-weight gyrosensor free from gravitational artifact was used for measurement of finger taps in order to impose minimal constraint on patients. Forty Parkinson's ...
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