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Nanashima Atsushi - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to clarify the clinical significance of single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) imaging in terms of technetium-99m galactosyl human serum albumin (Tc-GSA) scintigraphy. To this end, we examined the relationship using data from surgical records of 67 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent ...
Aframian Doron J - - 2013
Salivary gland impairment after radioiodine therapy (RIT) is a well-known iatrogenic artifact that includes recurrent episodes of sialadenitis, hyposalivation, dysgeusia, and dysphagia. Several therapy modalities have been suggested over the years to decrease these effects on the salivary glands. However, in cases where the salivary gland system is impaired prior ...
Yin Dazhi - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies of task-based functional neuroimaging have shown that various patterns of functional reorganization underlie motor recovery following stroke. However, the mechanisms underlying functional reorganization that contribute to outcome differences in hand function after stroke have not been completely characterized. We, for the first time, investigate subgroups of stroke ...
Alonso-Gonzalez Rafael - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Restrictive lung defects are associated with higher mortality in patients with acquired chronic heart failure. We investigated the prevalence of abnormal lung function, its relation to severity of underlying cardiac defect, surgical history and its impact on outcome across the spectrum of adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). METHODS AND ...
Ward Michael M MM National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892-1468, USA. - - 2013
Both radiographic damage and functional limitations increase with the duration of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). We examined whether radiographic damage contributed more to functional limitations in late AS than in early AS, and if the strength of association varied with the anatomic region of damage. In this cross-sectional study of 801 ...
Gupta Neelima - - 2013
Nasal nitric oxide (NO) and olfactory function are decreased in patients with chronic inflammatory sinonasal disease, suggesting a link between these two parameters. The aim of the study was to investigate nasal NO levels in patients with olfactory dysfunction due to different causes. Prospective study in a university clinic setting ...
Likhi Moorkoth - - 2013
Background: Attainment of functional independence is the ultimate goal of a sound stroke rehabilitation program. Good trunk stability is essential for balance and extremity use. Stroke patients may have upper extremity impairments that may affect functional activity and lower extremity impairments that may hinder mobility. Hence, quantifying the specific levels ...
Falkenstern-Ge R F - - 2013
Endoscopic lung volume reduction using lung sealant is a very new and innovative treatment option for patients with severe progressive and irreversible lung emphysema. A 55-year-old ex-smoker (60 pack years) referred to our center because of severe lung emphysema with progressive worsening of the obstructive ventilator pattern and clinical condition. ...
Lobet Sébastien - - 2013
In patients with haemophilia (PWH) (from Greek "blood love"), the long-term consequences of repeated haemarthrosis include cartilage damage and irreversible arthropathy, resulting in severe impairments in locomotion. Quantifying the extent of joint damage is therefore important in order to prevent disease progression and compare the efficacy of treatment strategies. Musculoskeletal ...
Zhang Long Jiang - - 2013
To evaluate the changes of functional connectivity of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in patients with cirrhosis without overt hepatic encephalopathy (HE) using resting state functional MRI. Participants included 67 cirrhotic patients (27 minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) and 40 cirrhotic patients without MHE (non-HE)), and 40 age- and gender- matched ...
Jarenbäck Linnea - - 2013
Classification of COPD into different GOLD stages is based on forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) but has shown to be of limited value. The aim of the study was to relate spirometry values to more advanced measures of lung function in COPD patients compared ...
Galeiras Vázquez Rita - - 2013
Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) often lead to impairment of the respiratory system and, consequently, restrictive respiratory changes. Paresis or paralysis of the respiratory muscles can lead to respiratory insufficiency, which is dependent on the level and completeness of the injury. Respiratory complications include hypoventilation, a reduction in surfactant production, mucus ...
Ilic Sanja - - 2013
Background The aim of this study was to investigate left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) structure, function, and mechanics in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SHT), and to evaluate the effect of a 1-year levothyroxine treatment. Material and Methods We compared 45 untreated women with subclinical hypothyroidism and 35 healthy ...
Antony Arun R - - 2013
This project aimed to determine if a correlation-based measure of functional connectivity can identify epileptogenic zones from intracranial EEG signals, as well as to investigate the prognostic significance of such a measure on seizure outcome following temporal lobe lobectomy. To this end, we retrospectively analyzed 23 adult patients with intractable ...
Mäki-Marttunen Verónica V Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Institute for Neurological Research, FLENI Buenos Aires, Argentina ; CONICET Buenos Aires, - - 2013
Severe traumatic brain injury can lead to disorders of consciousness (DOC) characterized by deficit in conscious awareness and cognitive impairment including coma, vegetative state, minimally consciousness, and lock-in syndrome. Of crucial importance is to find objective markers that can account for the large-scale disturbances of brain function to help the ...
Pietraszko Wojciech W Department of Neurosurgery, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, - - 2013
Subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) is well established for the treatment of the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the effect of STN DBS on autonomic symptoms has not been well studied. We examined 19 patients undergoing STN DBS for PD. The patients were administered a questionnaire ...
Selvi E Chandra C Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Sree Balaji Medical College , Chrompet, Chennai, India - - 2013
The functional residual capacity was given the least importance than the other lung volume parameters. Studies have revealed the restrictive pattern of lung disease in patients with liver cirrhosis. We aimed to analyze the importance of the functional residual capacity and other lung volumes of cirrhotic patients. Forty (40) patients ...
Fang Tie - - 2012
Functional connectivity is altered in several mental disorders. We used resting-state functional MRI to examine the alterations in functional connectivity that occur in patients with absence epilepsy. We found an altered functional connectivity within and between functional modules in patients with absence epilepsy. Some brain regions had a greater number ...
Rajabally Yusuf A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the functional and electrophysiological correlates of hand-held grip dynamometry in neuromuscular disease. The practical value of normative values remains uncertain in clinical practice. We aimed to ascertain the value, clinical and electrophysiological correlates, as well as utility of normative values for grip dynamometry, in a ...
Penafortes J T S - - 2012
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlations within pulmonary function, functional capacity, and posture in adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). A secondary aim was to evaluate the correlation between patient quality of life and postural assessment variables. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted on fourteen ...
Huang H C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Functional outcome and the risk factors for stroke survivors have explored in previous study. However, a comprehensive understanding of the patterns and critical risk factors of functional recovery is limited. AIM:To explore the trajectory groups and determinants of functional recovery for ischemic stroke patients during 1 year after stroke. ...
Holtslag Irene - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate all functional aspects of patients with longitudinal radial dysplasia and to clarify the relationship between body functions on the one hand and limitations in activity and participation on the other hand. Methods: Thirty-one arms of seventeen adult patients with longitudinal radial dysplasia were analysed. Body function was ...
Taskinen Seppo - - 2012
Bladder function is often compromised in juvenile patients with posterior urethral valves (PUV). In infancy, such abnormal bladder function is characterized by low compliance or overactivity, but later in life the bladder tends to become oversized and empties poorly. Polyuria, which is often associated with renal failure as well as ...
Haehner Antje - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess olfactory function in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy before and after resection of temporal lobe structures and especially addressed the question whether there are any significant olfactory differences as a function of side of epileptic focus or resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen pre- and ...
MaƂyszko Jolanta - - 2012
INTRODUCTION In the recent years new parameters in iron metabolism were described as well as the problem of functional iron deficiency. Functional iron deficiency is characterised by the presence of adequate iron stores as defined by conventional criteria, but with insufficient iron mobilisation to adequately support erythropoiesis with the administration ...
Agrawal Yuri Y Department of Neurology and German Dizziness Center (IFBLMU), University Hospital Munich, Campus Grosshadern, Munich, Germany. - - 2013
The diagnosis of bilateral vestibulopathy (BV) is typically established based on bilateral semicircular canal dysfunction. The degree to which both otolith organs-the saccule and utricle-are also impaired in BV is not well-established, particularly with respect to the etiology and severity of BV. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Naehrlich Lutz - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Disorders of thyroid function have been inconsistently described in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and in CF transmembrane regulator protein knockout animals. The literature lacks reports on iodine status of CF individuals. We hypothesize, that iodine deficiency is common in CF and account for abnormal thyroid function in CF patients. ...
Favaro Angela - - 2012
Background: Anorexia nervosa is characterized by high levels of perseveration and inflexibility, which interfere with successful treatments. Dopamine (DA) signalling seems to play a key role in modulating the prefrontal cortex, since both DA deficiency and excess nega tively influence the efficiency of cognitive functions. The present study explores the ...
Solovykh E A - - 2012
Cluster analysis of the results of studies of the functional status of the dentition postural and autonomic nervous systems in 251 patients (129 men and 122 women) aged 20-60 years was carried out. European stabilometry variant was used. The patients could be distributed into two groups by the results of ...
Speirs Jennifer J - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Aspergillus fumigatus is frequently isolated from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and is notorious for its role in the debilitating condition of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). Although CF patients suffer from perpetual microorganism-related lung disease, it is unclear whether A. fumigatus colonization has a role in causing accelerated ...
Yoon Yeonyee E - - 2012
Abnormalities in the left atrial (LA) structure and function may develop in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). We sought to determine the contribution of LA mechanical function, including LA stiffness, to AF by comparing patients with paroxysmal AF with normal control subjects, and to evaluate whether LA mechanical function ...
Enia Giuseppe - - 2012
Decline in physical function is commonly observed in patients with kidney failure on dialysis. Whether lung congestion, a predictable consequence of cardiomyopathy and fluid overload, may contribute to the low physical functioning of these patients has not been investigated. In 51 peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, we investigated the cross-sectional association ...
Toschi-Dias Edgar - - 2012
Previous investigations show that metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) causes sympathetic hyperactivation. Symptoms of anxiety and mood disturbance (AMd) provoke sympatho-vagal imbalance. We hypothesized that AMd would alter even further the autonomic function in patients with MetSyn. Twenty-six never-treated patients with MetSyn (ATP-III) were allocated to two groups, according to the levels ...
Chung Chih-Yuan - - 2012
Thalidomide inhibits angiogenesis and exerts complex immunomodulatory activities. This phase II study aimed to examine the efficacy of thalidomide in Taiwanese patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Sixty patients [intention to treat group (ITT)] with MDS were treated with thalidomide (100 mg/day, increased by 100 mg/day weekly to a maximum of ...
Ganeswara Reddy V V Department of Cardiology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Andhra Pradesh, India. - - 2012
To compare left atrial appendage (LAA) function by Doppler and Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) before and after percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV). Fifty-nine patients with symptomatic rheumatic mitral stenosis who underwent PBMV were included in this study. LAA function was measured before and after PBMV. To study LAA function, LAA ...
Silva G A V - - 2012
Polymorphisms present in the first intron of IFN-γ may have an important role in the regulation of the immune response, which could have functional consequences for gene transcription. Leprosy patients are characterized by different immune responses in different clinical forms. We investigated a possible association of the +874 polymorphism and ...
Alonso M D - - 2012
To further investigate into the epidaemiology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Southern Europe, we have assessed the incidence, clinical spectrum and survival of patients diagnosed with late-onset SLE (age 50 years) according to the 1982 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria at the single hospital for a well-defined ...
da Motta-Passos Isabella - - 2012
Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is a proinflamatory cytokine that plays an important role in fighting pathogens at mucosal interfaces, by summoning neutrophils and upregulating cytoplasmatic antimicrobial peptides. So far, the presence of IL-17A in leprosy has not been demonstrated. The expression of IL-17A and related cytokines (IL-6 and IL-23p19) was addressed through ...
Vogel Wouter V - - 2012
Many patients referred for PET suffer from anxiety, possibly affecting the workflow and patient experience. In addition, patient anxiety may affect image quality through uptake of (18)F-FDG in muscles or brown adipose tissue (BAT).This study investigated the effects of a nonpharmacologic intervention-the use of audiovisual imagery in the PET uptake ...
Nosti Patrick A - - 2012
Chronic lithium ingestion has been shown to cause polyuria and polydipsia in 20% to 40% of patients, secondary to diabetes insipidus. However, it has not been reported to cause lithium deposition in the bladder. A 77-year-old woman presented to our clinic with complaints of urinary incontinence, urinary urgency, and nocturnal ...
Vital Robson T - - 2012
A need still exists to determine the clinical and neurophysiological characteristics of leprosy neuropathy at distinct times of the disease by different methods that measure the various nerve fiber functions. A prospective clinical study was performed with 10 paucibacillary (PB) and 12 multibacillary (MB) patients evaluated at diagnosis and one ...
Antovic J P - - 2012
Haemophilia A patients with similar levels of factor VIII (FVIII) may have different bleeding phenotypes and responses to treatment with FVIII concentrate. Therefore, a test which determines overall haemostasis may be appropriate for treatment monitoring in some patients. We studied two global haemostatic methods:endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) and overall haemostatic ...
Blaettler W - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess possible links between fears of getting varicose veins and unknown great saphenous vein reflux with the prevalence and features of leg symptoms in healthy people and patients with varicose veins. METHODS: Questionnaire and venous ultrasound in healthy volunteers and patients with great saphenous vein (GSV) incompetence. RESULTS: ...
Masood Sana S Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, - - 2012
Neuropsychological impairment can be associated with epilepsy and its different types. The present study investigated gender differences in neuropsychological functions in epileptic patients. It was hypothesized that neuropsychological functioning will be different in male as compared to female epileptic patients. It was also hypothesized that there are significant gender differences ...
Poothrikovil Rajesh P - - 2012
Subclinical rhythmic electrographic discharge of adults (SREDA) is considered a benign EEG pattern of uncertain significance, although it may closely resemble an electrographic seizure pattern. SREDA was first described by Westmoreland and Klass in 1981 as a distinctive rhythmic and rare EEG pattern primarily seen in older subjects. The typical ...
Taghavi Seyed Alireza - - 2012
Gastric varices are a major cause of gastrointestinal bleeding and death in patients with portal hypertension. N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate injection is a new method for controlling bleeding gastric varices. This study aims to investigate the prognosis and complications of cyanoacrylate therapy for bleeding gastric varices. We conducted a prospective study between May ...
Pizzol Angélica Dal - - 2012
In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated the impact of the chronic use of benzodiazepines (BDZ) prescribed for seizure control on the anxiety levels of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. We assessed the anxiety level of 99 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy with (n=15) or without (n=84) BDZ for seizure control, ...
Mokin Maxim - - 2012
Background and ObjectivesCurrent American Stroke Association/American Heart Association recommendations on the management of acute ischemic stroke do not recommend the early use of heparin because of an increased risk of bleeding complications. However, for select patients, such as those with strokes associated with non-occlusive intraluminal thrombus, intravenous heparin might prove ...
Alblas C L - - 2012
Introduction and purpose:  Unlike carpal tunnel syndrome, little is known about injection with corticosteroids in patients with an ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). The purpose of this feasibility study is to see whether injection with corticosteroids is safe in patients with UNE and whether there are grounds to launch ...
Hurrell Jennifer M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:The epidemiology of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is rapidly evolving, and differences in climate could impact the prevalence of EoE. We aimed to examine the association between esophageal eosinophilia and climate zones in the United States.METHODS:This was a cross-sectional study of esophageal biopsies from 2008 to 2010 in a large US ...
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