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Khadanga Sherrie S Department of Medicine, University of Vermont, 111 Colchester Avenue, Fletcher 311, Burlington, VT, - - 2014
Vitamin D insufficiency is increasingly gaining prominence as an associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor, often thought to be an issue in colder climates and higher altitudes. The intent of this study was to ascertain vitamin D levels in the southern Alabama gulf-coast region that has a high number of ...
Song Tae-Jin TJ From the Departments of Neurology (T.-J.S., D.S., H.S.N., Y.D.K., J.H.H.) and Biostatistics (H.S.L.), Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul; Department of Neurology (T.-J.S.), Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul; and Department of Neurology (J.K.), CHA Bundang Medical Centre, CHA University, Seongnam, - - 2014
We investigated the association of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) with long-term mortality in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) according to burden and distribution of CMBs. This was a retrospective, hospital-based, observational study. In total, 504 consecutive ischemic stroke patients with NVAF who underwent brain T2-weighted, gradient-recalled echo MRI were included. ...
Vanassche Thomas T Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences, 237 Barton St. E., Hamilton, ON, Canada L8L 2X2 - - 2014
The pattern of atrial fibrillation (AF) occurrence-paroxysmal, persistent, or permanent-is associated with progressive stages of atrial dysfunction and structural changes and may therefore be associated with progressively higher stroke risk. However, previous studies have not consistently shown AF pattern to predict stroke but have been hampered by methodological shortcomings of ...
Costantini Antonio A Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, Clinic "Villa Immacolata ," Viterbo, Italy - - 2014
Abstract Background and objectives: A previous study on fatigue and related disorders in inflammatory bowel disease, patients improved after therapy with high-dose thiamine. Chronic fatigue that accompanies inflammatory and autoimmune diseases could be the clinical manifestation of a mild thiamine deficiency, probably due to a dysfunction of intracellular transport or ...
Larsen Torben Bjerregaard TB Department of Cardiology, Aalborg Atrial Fibrillation Study Group, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark; Aalborg Thrombosis Research Unit, Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
This register-based observational study compares dabigatran to warfarin for secondary stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation patients among both 'new starters' on dabigatran and 'switchers' to dabigatran from warfarin. We identified in nationwide Danish registries 2,398 patients with atrial fibrillation and a history of stroke/TIA, making a first-time purchase of dabigatran ...
Tehrani Setareh S Assistant professor, Dermatologist, Islamic Azad University of Tehran, Medical branch, Tehran, - - 2014
To determine the prevalence of seborrhoeic dermatitis (SD) and atopic dermatitis (AD) between the Demodex folliculorum (D. folliculorum) positive and D. folliculorum negative patients and to investigate any possible relationship between the D. folliculorum mites and the presence of SD and AD. In this cross sectional study, authors collected samples ...
Shih Hong-Mo HM Department of Emergency Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Puzi City, Chiayi County, Taiwan - - 2014
Thiazides have been used for the control of blood pressure and primary prevention of ischemic stroke. No previous studies have assessed the influence of thiazides on functional prognosis after ischemic stroke. Demographics, prestroke conditions, poststroke National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and clinical and laboratory parameters were prospectively registered ...
Kim Bum Joon BJ Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) is a surrogate marker for the extent of brain damage after ischemic stroke and affords a good predictor of stroke prognosis. We hypothesized that the pattern of NSE level changes in the peripheral blood during the acute period of ischemic stroke is dependent on stroke mechanism and ...
Jang Sung Ho SH Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University , Daegu , Republic of - - 2014
Abstract We investigated change of the anterior corticospinal tract (CST) on the normal side of the brain in stroke patients, using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). We recruited 32 stroke patients and 24 control subjects. Motricity Index and DTT for the whole and anterior CSTs were evaluated. According to findings, the ...
Hansen Anne P AP Danish Pain Research Center, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark - - 2014
Headache following stroke has been described in previous studies with an incidence of 23%-54%, but a clear description of headache developing after stroke onset is still lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and characteristics of persistent novel headache after stroke and to describe the use ...
Saarinen Jukka T JT School of Medicine, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to observe adherence to antithrombotic management guidelines among atrial fibrillation (AF) patients and to determine prognostic factors for 3-month mortality in both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke patients with or without AF. This was a retrospective observational single stroke center cohort study. In 2007, 380 ...
Wang Xianwei X Neurology, Beijng Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
the impact of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on stroke clinical outcomes remains controversial. We examined the association between eGFR and all-cause mortality, recurrent stroke, and stroke disability in patients with acute ischaemic stroke. we analysed 8865 patients with acute ischaemic stroke in the China National Stroke Registry (CNSR) between ...
Gökdeniz Tayyar T Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kafkas University, Kars, - - 2014
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not only characterized by chronic airflow limitation, but is also a systemic disease. There is no information about alterations in right ventricle (RV) functions precipitated by systemic manifestations of COPD. Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between the BODE (body mass index, ...
He Xiaoxuan X aCenter for Biomedical Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China bLaboratory of Digital Medical Imaging, Medical Imaging Center, The First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, Hefei, Anhui, China cDepartment of Biomedical Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Republic of - - 2014
Bell's palsy is the most common cause of acute facial nerve paralysis. In China, Bell's palsy is frequently treated with acupuncture. However, its efficacy and underlying mechanism are still controversial. In this study, we used functional MRI to investigate the effect of acupuncture on the functional connectivity of the brain ...
Elmariah Sammy S Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Harvard Clinical Research Institute, Boston, - - 2014
This study sought to identify predictors of recurrent ischemic neurologic events within the CLOSURE I (Evaluation of the STARFlex Septal Closure System in Patients With a Stroke and/or Transient Ischemic Attack Due to Presumed Paradoxical Embolism Through a Patent Foramen Ovale) trial. The CLOSURE I trial found that transcatheter patent ...
Witcik Michael - - 2014
A 70-year-old man presented to cardiology clinic with recurrent syncope associated with consumption of carbonated beverages. Ambulatory monitoring revealed multiple symptomatic ventricular pauses. A barium esophagram was unremarkable, and the patient underwent placement of a dual chamber pacemaker for deglutition syncope with resolution of symptoms. A challenge of carbonated beverage ...
S Pratibha P Resident, Department of Neurology, Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute , Bangalore, India - - 2014
Serum Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) & phosphate are considered to be indicators of vascular calcification. Link between bone metabolism, vascular calcification, cardiovascular events have been well studied in chronic kidney disease and ischemic heart disease. To determine that increased serum phosphate and alkaline phosphatase are predictors of mortality rates and recurrent ...
Hicks Caitlin W CW Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital Crohn's and Colitis Center, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Proctectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC) can be performed via intramesorectal (IME) or total mesorectal excision (TME). We compared patient-reported bowel and sexual function among IME versus TME UC patients (September 2000 to March 2011) using the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Bowel Function scale, Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life, Fecal Incontinence ...
Noureddine Ali A Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Background: Previous literatures have shown a transient ischemic attack (TIA) mimic rate of 9-31%. We aimed to ascertain the proportion of stroke mimics amongst suspected TIA patients. Methods: A prospective observational study was performed in Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran during 2012-2013. Consecutive TIA patients were identified in a stroke center. ...
Weber-Krüger Mark M Clinic for Cardiology and Pneumology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
Detecting paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with ischemic strokes presenting in sinus rhythm is challenging because episodes are often short, occur randomly, and are frequently asymptomatic. If AF is detected, recurrent thromboembolism can be prevented efficiently by oral anticoagulation. Numerous uncontrolled studies using various electrocardiogram (ECG) devices have established ...
Zhang Long Jiang LJ Department of Medical Imaging, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210002, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To explore changes in functional connectivity and topological organization of brain functional networks in cirrhotic patients with minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) and non hepatic encephalopathy (nonHE) and their relationship with clinical markers. Resting-state functional MR imaging was acquired in 22 MHE, 29 nonHE patients and 33 healthy controls. Functional connectivity ...
Song Tae-Jin TJ Department of Neurology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ; Department of Neurology, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are associated with various pathologies of the cerebral small vessels according to their distribution (i.e., cerebral amyloid angiopathy or hypertensive angiopathy). We investigated the association between CMB location and kidney function in acute ischemic stroke patients. We enrolled 1669 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent ...
Higashijima Misako M Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, - - 2014
[Purpose] This study compared respiratory function and differences in pneumonia history between Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia groups. [Subjects] Fifty-eight inpatients in the dementia treatment ward in a psychiatric facility were enrolled. [Methods] Patients underwent respiratory function testing twice using an 80-cm party horn. The Mini-Mental State Examination was also ...
Sánchez Jorge J Group of Clinical and Experimental Allergy. IPS Universitaria, University of Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia. Foundation for the Development of Medical and Biological Sciences (FUNDEMEB), Cartagena, Colombia. Institute for Immunological Research, University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia. - - 2014
Subcutaneous allergen-specific immunotherapy (IT) is a proved, highly effective treatment for respiratory IgE-mediated diseases. However, few studies have explored the immunological mechanisms of IT in patients with atopic dermatitis. To explore the immune response of atopic dermatitis patients receiving house dust mite (HDM) immunotherapy, according to humoral response and basophil ...
Zhang Lingli L Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, - - 2014
Motor function changes in the unaffected hand of stroke patients with hemiplegia. These changes are often ignored by clinicians owing to the extent of motor disability of the affected hand. Finger tapping frequency and Lind-mark hand function score showed that the motor function of unaffected hands in stroke patients was ...
Roy Sitara - - 2014
CCL11 (Eotaxin-1) is an important inflammatory cytokine belonging to the CC family of chemokines associated with a number of infection or inflammation-related diseases such as atherosclerosis and stroke. We investigated the association of CCL11 gene polymorphism rs4795895-1382A>G with ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Six hundred and twenty ischemic stroke patients, 620 ...
Wang Jian-Yun JY Department of Gastroenterology, the Third Hospital Affiliated to Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, 100029, - - 2014
To investigated the involvement of pulmonary function impairment in ulcerative colitis (UC), to explore a scientific basis for the Chinese medicine (CM) theory of exterior-interior correlation between Lung (Fei) and Large intestine (Dachang). Totally 120 patients with a diagnosis of UC were recruited and the demographics, clinical data, and blood ...
Mordasini Livio L Department of Urology, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neurogenic bladder dysfunction is well described in Parkinson's disease and has a major impact on quality of live. In contrast, little is known about the extent of urinary symptoms in other movement disorders such as dystonia and about the role of the basal ganglia in bladder control.. A consecutive series ...
Garon M-L ML Department of Ophthalmology (D-164), McGill University - Montreal Children's Hospital Research Institute, 2300 Tupper Street, Montreal, QC, H3H 1P3, - - 2014
With progressively brighter stimuli, the amplitude of the b-wave of the human photopic electroretinogram (ERG) first increases to a maximal value (V max) and then decreases to finally reach a plateau, a phenomenon known as the photopic hill (PH). A mathematical model combining a Gaussian (G) and a logistic (L) ...
Fu Dan D Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, 2 Anzhen Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between nasal structure and olfactory function in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Olfaction and nasal structure of 76 adults with OSA diagnosed by polysomnography were measured using acoustic rhinometry and the Sniffin, Sticks (SS) smell test at Anzhen Hospital, ...
Lee Jae-Hwan JH Department of Cardiology in Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, - - 2014
Speckle-tracking echocardiography has been applied to measure right ventricular (RV) systolic function in various diseases. However, variations in strain measurement by different vendors have limited the application of these techniques for assessment of RV function. We sought to compare two methods for the assessment of RV systolic function in patients ...
Cukic Vesna V Clinic for pulmonary disease and TB "Podhrastovi", Clinical center of Sarajevo - - 2014
To highlight the importance of the lung ventilation scintigraphy (LVS) to study the regional distribution of lung ventilation and to describe most frequent abnormal patterns of lung ventilation distribution obtained by this technique in COPD and to compare the information obtained by LVS with the that obtained by traditional lung ...
Jude Madu Anazoeze MA Department of Haematology & Immunology, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus (UNEC), - - 2014
Stroke is a life-changing, debilitating complication of sickle cell disease (SCD). Previous studies had recorded high stroke prevalence amongst this group of patients. Nigeria has a large population of people affected by this condition and this study aims to assess the stroke prevalence in this large population. Stroke prevalence data ...
Cho Soo-Kyung SK 0000-0003-4493-8837 Department of Rheumatology, Hanyang University Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Seoul, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to identify the influence of vertebral fracture (VF) on the functional disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study consecutively enrolled 100 female patients aged 50 yr or older with RA. All participants underwent lateral imaging of the thoracolumbar spine by simple ...
Beck Dt D Department of Kinesiology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, - - 2014
Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) therapy decreases angina episodes and improves quality of life in patients with left ventricular dysfunction (LVD). However, studies have not elucidated the mechanisms of action and overall effects of EECP in patients with LVD. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of EECP ...
Ogata Toshiyasu T Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan ; Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage is a potentially serious complication of acute stroke, but its incidence appears to be decreasing. The aim of this study was to elucidate the etiology of GI bleeding and its impact on clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke in recent years. Using the database of ...
Prontera Paolo P Medical Genetics Unit, Hospital "S. M. della Misericordia", University of Perugia, Via E. dal Pozzo, 06123, Perugia, Italy, - - 2014
The duplication of the Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) region (7q11.23) is a copy number variant associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). One of the most intriguing aspects is that the reciprocal microdeletion causes WBS, characterized by hypersociability, marked empathy, and a relative capacity in verbal short-term memory and language. Herein, we ...
Shaafi Sheyda S Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is one of the inflammatory mediators characterized by elevated levels in ischemic stroke (IS) patients. The present study set out to assess the role of IL-6, as a marker for inflammation, in the severity and prognosis of acute IS. In a cross-sectional descriptive study, 45 patients with acute ...
Chen Huai H 1 Department of Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, No. 151, Yan Jiang Rd, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province 510120, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to evaluate the correlation between pulmonary function indexes determined by low-dose MDCT and those obtained from routine spirometric pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS. Lung function of patients with COPD stages 0-III was evaluated ...
Camilleri Michael M Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research (CENTER), Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA - - 2014
The gastrointestinal tract is a vast neuroendocrine organ with extensive extrinsic and intrinsic neural circuits that interact to control its function. Circulating and paracrine hormones (amine and peptide) provide further control of secretory, absorptive, barrier, motor and sensory mechanisms that are essential to the digestion and assimilation of nutrients, and ...
Lee Brian B Department of Neurosurgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
It is understandably devastating when one suffers the loss of function of an upper extremity due to stroke or spinal cord injury (SCI) or a physical loss from amputation. Lives are forever changed and activities that were once routine become a magnitude more difficult. Fortunately, there has been much research ...
Ji Gong-Jun GJ From the Center of Cognitive and Brain Disorders, Hangzhou Normal University, 126 Wenzhou Road, Gongshu District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310015, China (G.J.J., Y.F.Z., W.L.); and Department of Medical Imaging, Jinling Hospital, Clinic School of Medical College, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China (Z.Z., Q.X., - - 2014
Purpose To characterize interhemispheric functional and anatomic connectivity in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy and generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS). Materials and Methods This retrospective study was approved by the local institutional review board and was HIPAA compliant. All participants provided written informed consent. Resting-state functional and structural magnetic resonance images ...
Wang Junjing J Center for the Study of Applied Psychology, Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science of Guangdong Province, School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, - - 2014
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is one of the most common forms of drug-resistant epilepsy. Previous studies have indicated that the TLE-related impairments existed in extensive local functional networks. However, little is known about the alterations in the topological properties of whole brain functional networks. In this study, we acquired resting-state ...
Altundag Aytug A From the *Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Istanbul Surgery Hospital; and Departments of †Otorhinolaryngology, ‡Neurology, and §Radiology, Gülhane Military Medical Academy (GATA) Haydarpaşa Training Hospital, Istanbul; and ∥Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Amasya University Training and Research Hospital, Amasya, Turkey; and #Smell & Taste Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Technical University of Dresden, - - 2014
One of the most common reasons for partial nasal obstruction is nasal septal deviation (NSD). The effect of a partial lateralized nasal obstruction on olfactory bulb (OB) volume remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the side differences in olfactory function and OB in patients with ...
Zhang Jing J From the Department of Radiology, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Functional Imaging (J.Z., L.M., W.Q., N.L., C.Y.) and Department of Neurology, Tianjin Neurological Institute (F.-D.S.), Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, - - 2014
Both structural atrophy and functional reorganization of the primary motor cortex (M1) have been reported in patients with subcortical infarctions affecting the motor pathway. However, the relationship between structural impairment and functional reorganization in M1 remains unclear. Twenty-six patients exhibiting significant recovery after subcortical infarctions were investigated using multimodal MRI ...
Cosío Borja G BG Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hospital Universitario Son Espases and Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma (IdISPa), , Palma de Mallorca, - - 2014
Fibred confocal fluorescence microscopy (FCFM) is a novel technology that allows the in vivo assessment and quantification during bronchoscopy of the bronchial wall elastic fibre pattern, alveolar and vessel diameters and thickness of the elastic fibre in the alveolar wall. To relate these structural characteristics with lung function parameters in ...
Ni Ling L From the Departments of Medical Imaging (L.N., L.J.Z., R.Q., Q.X., X.L., G.Z., G.M.L.) and Nephrology (J.W.), Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, 305 Zhongshan East Road, Xuanwu District, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province 210002, China;Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY (T.Z.); and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China - - 2014
Purpose To investigate the functional connectivity of the default-mode network (DMN) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) by using independent component analysis of resting-state functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to correlate these DMN connectivity changes with neuropsychological test results and clinical biomarkers. Materials and Methods Medical research ethics ...
Watanabe Junko J Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Fukuoka University Hospital, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Significant carotid stenosis is known to cause ischemic stroke and cognitive impairment. However, it remains controversial whether carotid endarterectomy (CEA) can improve cognitive function in patients with carotid stenosis. We used the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to compare cognitive function between before and after CEA. ...
Poussel Mathias M Department of Pulmonary Function Testing and Exercise Testing, CHU Nancy, Nancy, F-54000, France; EA 3450 DevAH - Development, Adaptation and Disadvantage. Cardiorespiratory regulations and motor control. Université de Lorraine, F-54000, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Quality of life and prognosis of patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (MD1) often depend on the degree of lung function impairment. This study was designed to assess the respective prevalence of ventilatory restriction, hypoxaemia and hypercapnia in MD1 patients and to determine whether postural changes in lung function could ...
Ozer Necla N Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara-Turkey. - - 2014
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of cabergoline use in patients with Parkinson's disease on valvular and biventricular functions. In this observational cohort study, patients with Parkinson disease were divided into 2 groups as 34 patients (41.2% female, age; 57.4±15.3 years) using cabergoline (Group 1) and 42 ...
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