Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1073
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Alderman Nick - - 2007
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics and determinants of aggressive behaviour observed within a neurobehavioural unit. RESEARCH DESIGN: Statistical analysis of a database of routinely administered clinical measures, including the Overt Aggression Scale-Modified for Neurorehabilitation. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Records of aggressive behaviour shown by 108 patients over 14 days were ...
Munroe Craig A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine when end-of-life issues were discussed with patients afflicted with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of ALS patients referred to the neuromuscular clinic at Georgetown University Hospital. Patients were seen by a pulmonologist and a neurologist at the initial diagnosis or referral, and ...
Chan R C K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We provide an alternate method of analysing self-report and proxy-report data on subjective complaints of dysexecutive symptoms among a group of patients with traumatic brain injury. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the ratings of patients and proxies on a measure of the dysexecutive ...
Pinto Renata A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on the quality of life of caregivers. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with forty-two COPD patients and their primary caregivers. Patients were assessed with the medical outcome survey short form (SF-36), the physical and mental ...
Blazer T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This study systematically examined salivary composition and taste perception and monitored related subjective complaints in a group of bulimia nervosa (BN) patients. SUBJECTS: Fifty-two consenting female individuals participated in the current cross-sectional study, 26 patients diagnosed with BN according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental ...
Gawad K A - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A retrospective trial with regard to continence function and quality of life was conducted in patients who had undergone proctocolectomy and ileo-anal-pouch (IAP) reconstruction for ulcerative colitis (UC) or familial polyposis (FAP), and continence function was compared to patients under conservative treatment for UC. The aim of the study ...
Mueller Christian A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess taste function before and after tonsillectomy (TE). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Sixty-five patients (42 females, 23 males; mean age, 28 years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Taste function was investigated before TE with 4 concentrations each of sweet, sour, salty, and bitter quality, respectively, on both ...
Arnson Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) has been associated with various psychiatric and other, ill-defined disorders. We recently showed that fibromyalgia is more prevalent in men suffering from combat-related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). In this paper we analyze the relationship between engagement in physical activity, the psycho-metric traits of PTSD and ...
Weiser Kirsten Teaney - - 2008
PURPOSE: A questionnaire measuring patient knowledge of, and concerns about, irritable bowel syndrome could improve patient care. The aims of this study were to operationalize the constructs used by patients to understand their symptoms and to develop a reliable, validated questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 153 patients with irritable bowel ...
Reissmann Daniel R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Comparing the level of impaired oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in patients with a specific temporomandibular disorder (TMD) diagnosis to general population subjects unaffected by TMD to derive the unique functional and psychosocial impact due to TMD. METHODS: A sample of 471 consecutive treatment seeking adult patients with ...
Hakkesteegt Marieke M - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the usefulness of the Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI) as an objective multiparametric measurement in assessing dysphonia. The DSI was compared with the score on Grade of the GRBAS scale. Investigated was also whether the DSI is related to severity of dysphonia, which ...
Bowe Whitney P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Acne is one of the most common concerns of patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), a psychiatric condition defined as a preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in appearance that causes significant disruption in daily functioning. OBJECTIVE: We sought to screen for BDD symptoms among patients with acne ...
Arthur H M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients' anxiety and quality of life (HRQL) are affected by waiting for diagnostic tests such as coronary artery angiogram (CATH). It is unknown whether HRQL and psychological status at the time of referral are related to likelihood of coronary artery disease (CAD) as diagnosed by CATH. PURPOSE: The purposes ...
Balasubramaniam Ramesh - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and evaluate psychosocial domains in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) compared with patients with failed back syndrome (FBS). STUDY DESIGN: The study included 51 (32 FM and 19 FBS) adult patients who were administered orofacial pain ...
Wada T - - 2007
We evaluated the construct validity of the Musculoskeletal Tumour Society rating scale (Enneking score) as a functional measure for patients with sarcoma involving the upper limb. We compared the Enneking score by examining the correlation between two patient-derived outcome measures, the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire ...
Hagemans M L C - - 2007
With the recent approval of enzyme replacement therapy for Pompe disease, insight into the social consequences of this disorder becomes even more relevant. The aim of this study was to measure the impact of late-onset Pompe disease on participation in daily life activities and to evaluate the applicability of the ...
Robinson Jamie L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To compare objective and quality of life (QOL) outcomes after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in aspirin (ASA)-tolerant patients and ASA-intolerant patients over intermediate and long-term follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective analysis of a cohort of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. METHODS: Preoperative computed tomography (CT), pre- and postoperative endoscopy, and two ...
Van Gogh C D L - - 2007
The purpose of this study is to compare (Dutch) Voice Handicap Index (VHIvumc) scores from a selected group of patients with voice problems after treatment for early glottic cancer with patients with benign voice disorders and subjects from the normal population. The study included a group of 35 patients with ...
Carmack Taylor Cindy L - - 2007
Group-based psychosocial programs provide an effective forum for improving mood and social support for cancer patients. Because some studies show more benefit for patients with initially high psychosocial distress, and little or no benefit for patients with initially low distress, support programs may better address patient needs by only including ...
Phillips Ceib - - 2007
Following orthognathic surgery, patients use qualitatively different words to describe altered sensation on their face. These words indicate normal, hypoesthetic, paresthetic, or dysesthetic sensations and so reflect the intrusiveness of the altered sensation. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between the intrusiveness of the altered sensation ...
Hagemans Marloes L C - - 2007
To investigate the prevalence and severity of fatigue in adult patients with Pompe disease. The Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) was assessed in an international population of 225 adults with Pompe disease, a metabolic disorder presenting as a slowly progressive proximal myopathy. The FSS scores were compared to those of healthy ...
Redman Barbara K - - 2007
Patient self-management (PSM) of varying portions of therapy for chronic illness is expanding. However, several current conditions of practice are ethically problematic. Standards remain process-oriented, and accountability for patient outcomes and quality of practice of both patient and provider is diffuse. PSM carries important benefits but largely unmonitored potential harms. ...
Reh Douglas D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As the population ages, the mean age of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) likely will increase as will the frequency of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in the older population. The purpose of this study was to compare symptom presentation, CT scores, endoscopy scores, and quality of life (QOL) measures ...
Tam Lai-Shan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of illness and the functional outcome of Chinese patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and to identify variables associated with a poor functional outcome. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 314 patients with AS who participated in a postal survey on the effects of illness ...
AlGhamdi Khalid M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Quality-of-life is increasingly recognized as an important measure in dermatology; however, most currently available dermatologic quality-of-life measures were originally created for the English language. Skindex-16 being one, is a self-administered questionnaire covering the symptoms, emotions and functioning aspects. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to translate into Arabic and culturally adapt ...
Patti F - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of education level and employment status on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a large cohort of patients affected by relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Patients This study included 648 patients with RRMS attending 40 Italian MS centers. Inclusion criteria were an Expanded Disability Status Scale ...
Noorda E M - - 2007
AIMS: To evaluate the generic and condition-specific health-related quality of life (HRQL) of long-term survivors of extremity melanoma treated with isolated limb perfusion (ILP). METHODS: Between 1978 and 2001, 292 patients with melanoma of the limbs underwent ILP in our institution. Of these patients, 59 were alive and disease-free for ...
Eshed I - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the relationship between the severity of bronchiectatic diseases, as evident on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and the patient's quality of life measured using the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-six patients (25 women, 21 men, mean age: 63 years) with bronchiectatic disease as evident ...
Harano Masahiko - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the functional results, health-related quality of life (QOL) outcomes, and complications in patients with an ileal neobladder in comparison to those with cutaneous diversion (ileal conduit and cutaneostomy). METHODS: Between September 1992 and February 2003, we consecutively performed an ileal neobladder (the Studer method) in 30 patients ...
Sherman T E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine patient and significant other characteristics as predictors of significant other well-being. METHODS: A total of 74 persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and their significant others participated. Executive functioning was measured using neuropsychological tests. Awareness of cognitive deficit was measured as the discrepancy between the patient's reports of ...
Turan Yasemin - - 2007
The aims of this study were to evaluate quality of life (QOL) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and to determine the relationship between QOL and clinical condition/functional status. Forty-six AS patients (37 males) were included in the study. The demographic data of the patients were recorded. Disease activity Bath ...
Figved Nanna - - 2007
We studied the level of distress in caregivers of patients with recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis (MS), and their relation to clinical characteristics. Caregivers of patients with MS and Parkinson's disease completed measures of distress and quality of life. MS patients underwent neurological, neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological examinations. Multivariate regression analyses were ...
Santamaria Letterio B - - 2007
During preoperative evaluation for anesthesia in the Down patient, it is important to focus attention on the functional conditions of the patient and systems that frequently show anomalies. One of the challenges of evaluating pre-operative conditions and potential risks in the Down patient is the lack of a gold-standard evaluation ...
Hermann Carla P - - 2007
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine to what degree the spiritual needs of patients near the end of life are met. DESIGN: Descriptive. SETTING: One inpatient and five outpatient hospices. SAMPLE: 62 female and 38 male hospice patients with a mean age of 67 years; 74% were dying from cancer. METHODS: Each subject ...
Hald M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The severity of hand eczema is of interest in epidemiological studies. Ideally, as no validated methods of self-assessment exist, a dermatologist should examine all subjects. However, this is very resource intensive. OBJECTIVES: To examine if severity grading performed by patients with hand eczema using a self-administered photographic guide was ...
Chen Cheng-Yi - - 2007
AIMS: To investigate how often healthy controls and patients with myogenous masticatory pain have wake-time nonfunctional tooth contact, whether the frequency of nonfunctional tooth contact differs between genders or between weekdays and weekends, and whether it is influenced by stress levels. METHODS: The study was performed on 24 subjects: 15 ...
Kovács Zoltán - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Inconsistent findings are published regarding the psychosocial characteristics of erosive reflux disorder (ERD) and non-erosive reflux disorder (NERD) patients. The objective of this study was to determine the possible similarities and differences concerning psychosocial and somatic characteristics of these patients. METHOD: Patients at a tertiary care center completed questionnaires ...
Rosa Adriane R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have documented high rates of functional impairment among bipolar disorder (BD) patients, even during phases of remission. However, the majority of the available instruments used to assess functioning have focused on global measures of functional recovery rather than specific domains of psychosocial functioning. In this context, the ...
Erbek Selim S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the validity, reliability, and internal consistency of the Rhinosinusitis Disability Index (RSDI) for evaluating nasal and sinus diseases in Turkey. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 120 patients (77 males, 43 females; mean age 39+/-12 years; range 18 to 65 years) ...
Diaz Rodney C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of surgical labyrinthectomy on quality of life of Ménière's disease patients. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Otology subspecialty referral center. PATIENTS: All patients with Ménière's disease who underwent surgical labyrinthectomy between 1998 and 2004 were selected. Fifty-three patients satisfied inclusion criteria. Completed questionnaires were obtained ...
Abelha Fernando J - - 2007
Examining the quality of life (QOL) of patients before ICU admission will allow outcome variables to be compared and analyzed in relation to it. The objective of this study was to analyze QOL of patients before admission to a surgical ICU and to study its relationship to outcome and to ...
Bazzichi Laura - - 2007
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the presence of antipolymer antibody (APA) seropositivity in 285 Italian patients affected by primary fibromyalgia (FM) and to verify whether APA levels correlate with disease severity and with cytokine levels.APA levels were determined on serum samples by an indirect ELISA kit ...
Sumskiene Jolanta - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate disease-specific quality of life (QOL) in liver cirrhosis patients and to compare it with those of a healthy population. Also an important objective was to assess whether QOL in liver cirrhosis patients differs by age and gender, by type and severity of disease. METHODS: The case group ...
Goodacre L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand patients' experiences of activity limitation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to inform the development and preliminary validation of a new patient-centred assessment tool. METHODS: Interviews, focus groups and diaries provided insight into patients' experiences of change in activity limitation. These data informed item generation for ...
Abbate-Daga Giovanni - - 2007
The "atypical" subgroup of women with anorexia nervosa not characterized by drive for thinness (DT) was studied. The study group comprised 151 anorectic patients (restrictor anorectics [AN-R], n=74; binge-purging anorectics [AN-BP], n=77). Subjects completed the following self-administered questionnaires: Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2), Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), State-Trait Anger Expression ...
Wedding Ulrich - - 2007
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QoL) of patients with cancer is a major area of concern for both patients and their physicians. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated QoL with the EORTC-QLQ-C30 questionnaire with reference to anaemia and Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) prior to the start of chemotherapy in 477 patients: 195 ...
Colquhoun Patrick - - 2006
Quality of life is affected by the creation of a stoma. To assess the validity of the Ostomy Function Index in patients with a stoma, a prospective survey was conducted from July 2000 to September 2001 among patients participating in local United Ostomy Association chapters (N = 99; 55 with ...
Sayers M S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The development of a questionnaire to measure patients' and their parents' expectations before orthodontic treatment, and to test the reliability and validity of this measure. DESIGN: A two-stage methodology, with open-ended interviews to identify themes and concepts followed by development and testing of the questionnaire. SETTING: GKT Orthodontic Department, ...
van den Berg-Emons Rita J - - 2007
Although patients with chronic pain are often considered to have reduced levels of everyday physical activity, data on their activity levels are scarce and inconclusive. Therefore, this study explored whether patients with chronic pain have reduced activity levels, as objectively measured with an activity monitor. The activity monitor is based ...
Ettema Sandra L - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the perceptual assessment of vocal quality in subglottic stenosis (SGS) patients and to identify risk factors for dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective review, academic center. METHODS: Perceptual voice assessment using GRBAS scale (Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, Strain); patient characteristics determined for 31 SGS cases. RESULTS: The ...
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