Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1060
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Bartynski Walter S - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited data exist on the natural history of thoracic kyphosis in elderly patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the statistical distribution of the thoracic kyphotic angle (TKA) measurement in older patients without vertebral body abnormalities when compared with a young population. METHODS: The TKA ...
Katsavrias Elias G - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this investigation was to study the shapes of the condyle and the glenoid fossa in patients with Class II Division 1, Class II Division 2, and Class III malocclusions. METHODS: Axially corrected tomograms of 189 patients were used (109 Class II Division 1, 47 Class II ...
Cotton Bryan A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Flexion-extension roentgenograms (FER) of the cervical spine are often inadequate because of limited range of motion (ROM). The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of goniometry to predict a patient's ability to achieve sufficient ROM to obtain adequate FER. METHODS: We evaluated 65 consecutive blunt trauma ...
Morini Alberto - - 2005
We report clinical and neurophysiological findings in two patients with palatal tremor (PT). In both patients a prompt and persistent suppression of palatal movements and clicking sounds is caused by slight passive or active mouth opening. One patient has a typical essential palatal tremor (EPT) according to current classification criteria. ...
Yoshimoto Hisashi - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, age- and sex-matched radiographic study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the spinopelvic alignment in patients with osteoarthosis of the hip (HOA) and those with low back pain (LBP) and to determine the characteristics and differences in both groups. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hip-spine syndrome, first described by Offierski ...
McPherson Elizabeth - - 2005
We report a patient with partial tetrasomy 9q resulting from a de novo triplication of 9q13q22.1. The clinical features, including microcephaly, beaked nose, short palpebral fissures, camptodactyly, joint contractures, and moderate developmental delay were similar to trisomy 9q, although our patient also had unique features including cleft palate and several ...
Krimmel Michael - - 2005
The aim of this study was to analyze the long-term dentoskeletal changes in patients who received distraction osteogenesis of the maxilla. Seventeen patients aged 12 to 31 years underwent rigid external distraction osteogenesis for treatment of maxillary hypoplasia. Cephalograms were evaluated retrospectively regarding linear and angular measurements. Follow-up times ranged ...
Feiz-Erfan Iman - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Olfaction is often sacrificed to gain access to the cranial base in anterior craniofacial surgery. We describe the long-term results of olfactory function in patients who underwent anterior craniofacial surgery and a cribriform plate osteotomy to preserve olfaction. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2004, 28 patients underwent 29 cribriform plate ...
Rachmiel A - - 2005
Cleft lip and palate patients often present maxillary retrusion and class III malocclusion after cleft repair. Maxillary distraction is a technique that can provide simultaneous skeletal advancement and expansion of soft tissue. Twelve patients with cleft maxillary deficiency due to cleft lip and palate were treated by Le Fort I ...
Zhu Ze-Zhang - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the risk indicators, pattern of clinical presentation and treatment strategy of superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) after scoliosis surgery. METHODS: From July 1997 to October 2003, 640 patients with adolescent scoliosis who had undergone surgical treatment were evaluated prospectively, and among them seven patients suffered from SMAS ...
Tsirikos Athanasios I - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Obstruction of the third part of the duodenum by the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is associated with spinal manipulation in the surgical or conservative management of scoliosis. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of SMA syndrome in a cohort of 165 consecutive pediatric patients ...
daCosta O O - - 2005
One hundred and four sickle cell anaemia patients aged 10-45 years and attending the out patients' clinic of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital as part of a routine check-up were seen. They were in a steady state of health. By means of a structured questionnaire the Biodata of each consecutive ...
Zonato Adriane I - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to apply a systematic physical examination, used to evaluate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients, in nonapneic patients. DESIGN: Study was prospective. SETTING: Patients were seen in the sleep laboratory and department of otorhinolaryngology. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: Nonapneic patients (n = 100) were ...
Schneider Gregory - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, cohort study of the kinematics of the lumbar spine of patients with spondylolisthesis compared with asymptomatic normal subjects. OBJECTIVE: To determine if abnormal motion could be detected in the radiographs of patients with spondylolisthesis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Contrary to the prevailing conviction that lumbar segments ...
Lee J Y - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the degree of ossification and the frequency of ankylosis between the atlas and the dens of the axis in patients with longstanding ankylosing spondylitis (AS), to assess radiological involvement of the cervical spine, and to determine their correlations with structural severity and clinical variables, including neurological abnormalities. ...
Chandra P Sarat - - 2005
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Four patients with craniovertebral junction anomalies (CVJ) and Klippel-Feil cervical fusion defects associated with dermoid and epidermoid cysts are described. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: During the 10-year period from 1994 until May 2004, 435 patients with developmental CVJ anomalies presented to our institution. Four of these patients harbored a ...
Whitehouse Joseph - - 2005
"Older patients" are often treated with indifference when it comes to how they look. The result may often be a patient not receiving the care that his or her goals would dictate. In the featured case, the patient had received dental hygiene care in a dental office for years. The ...
Velepic Mitja S - - 2005
The paper presents the electromyographic (EMG) findings of the soft palate in three patients: a patient with Mohr syndrome and cleft palate, a patient with palatal asymmetry and rhinolalia and a patient with vertical oro-ocular facial cleft with marked asymmetry of the cleft palate. In the first patient, electrical silence ...
Phillips John H - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to appraise the value of preoperative speech assessments, nasopharyngoscopy, and surgical models as predictors of velopharyngeal deterioration after a Le Fort I maxillary advancement in cleft patients. This retrospective study involved a series of 26 cleft patients (16 unilateral complete and nine bilateral complete ...
KoĊ‚ban Maciej - - 2005
Background. Syryngomyelia was first described by Olliver in 1824. Burwell and Williams reported a 50% incidence of scoliosis in patients with syringomyelia. Malformations of the central nervous system among patients with scoliosis are very difficult to diagnose on the basis of clinical and radiological examination. MRI examination is a useful ...
Al-Quran Firas A M - - 2005
One hundred patients were treated with complete dentures. The patients were divided into two equal groups; the first group (50 patients) received complete dentures and a clinical remount procedure was performed, while the second group received complete dentures without a clinical remount. A four point, nine scale Patient Denture Satisfaction ...
Matsuyama Yukihiro - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This is a retrospective study of the outcome of occipitothoracic fusion surgery in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with destruction of the cervical spine, designed to assess the efficacy of halo vest before surgery, the postoperative outcome, and the activities-of-daily living (ADL) problems associated with surgical management. There have been ...
Clare Helen A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the McKenzie system, patients are classified first into syndromes, then into subsyndromes. At present, the reliability of classification with this system is unclear. No study has included patients with cervical pain, and the studies to date have reported conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to ...
Buric J - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series with six and twelve months follow up. OBJECTIVE: To observe clinical and morphological results of the intradiscal ozone chemionucleolysis in patients affected by non-contained lumbar disc herniations. METHODS: 30 patients were included in the study on the base of precise inclusion and exclusion criteria. The ...
Gesch Dietmar - - 2004
The aim of the study was to analyze the morphology of the viscerocranium in patients with unilatertal or bilateral cleft lip and palate (CLP) who had undergone no surgical intervention of the alveolous meaning that no bone grafting was conducted. In this cross-sectional study 47 patients with complete unilateral (UCLP) ...
Brantigan John W - - 2004
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Lumbar I/F Cage is a carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) device designed to separate the mechanical and device functions of interbody fusion. A Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) clinical study of the CFRP cage was conducted during an enrollment period from 1991 to 1993. Based on the 2-year ...
Monteiro-Amado Flávio - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate oral and nasal halitosis parameters in patients with and without clefts. DESIGN: Randomized and prospective study. Patients with and without clefts were evaluated as to oral and nasal halitosis. SETTING: University of São Paulo, Bauru Dental School and Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, Bauru, Brazil. PATIENTS: ...
Krupski Witold - - 2004
Background. Low back pain is the main reason of reduction in physical activity. The aim of this study was to determine lumbar spine changes in patients with spondylolysis using computed tomography (CT) completed with multiplanar (MPR) and three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions. Material and methods. The investigation was performed on 35 patients ...
Faro Frances D - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective examination of lateral spine radiographs of 50 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) was performed to evaluate the sagittal profile of patients in two different standing positions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate segmental and global changes in the sagittal profile of the spine associated with two standing radiographic ...
Vaccaro Alexander R - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled, multicenter clinical study was conducted. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients treated with OP-1 (BMP-7) Putty to autogenous iliac crest bone graft for one-level uninstrumented posterolateral fusion of the lumbar spine following decompressive laminectomy for the treatment of symptomatic degenerative ...
Genden Eric M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although prosthetic obturation is the "gold standard" for restoration of hard-palate defects, obturators can be problematic. We present 10 cases of palatal reconstruction with the radial forearm free flap and compare patient satisfaction with defect-matched patients rehabilitated with prosthetic obturation. METHODS: Twelve patients who underwent radial forearm free flap ...
Toygar T Ufuk - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate cephalometrically the lower lip position and area of patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) comparatively with Class I skeletodental normal subjects. PATIENTS: Lateral cephalometric and hand-wrist radiographs obtained from 24 patients with UCLP (mean age 12.86 years), along with ...
Ricchetti Eric T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The chromosome abnormality, deletion of 22q11.2, is one of the most common genetic syndromes. The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome encompasses a wide spectrum of abnormalities including cardiac, palate, and immunological anomalies. The purposes of the current study were (1) to define and determine the frequency of variations of the occiput ...
Cho Byung Chae - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to investigate the facial growth in patients with submucous cleft palate operated on using the Furlow palatoplasty. A total of 30 patients with submucous cleft palate underwent Furlow palatoplasty from 1993 to 1998. The mean follow-up period was 4 years and 3 months. Twenty-five ...
Kurtzman J T - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of dynamic cervical change (spontaneous real-time cervical shortening) in singleton patients with and without symptoms of preterm labor (PTL). METHODS: A total of 109 patients between 23 and 34 weeks' gestation with and without PTL symptoms underwent cervical length ultrasound and contraction monitoring over a ...
Massad Joseph J - - 2004
Identifying and recording appropriate occlusal vertical dimension (OVD) and centric relation positions during the treatment of edentulous patients is necessary for predictable and successful therapy. When alterations of existing conditions are indicated, it is beneficial for both the clinician and patient to evaluate the esthetics, phonetics, function, and comfort associated ...
Lisson Jörg A - - 2004
Twelve UCLP and eleven BCLP patients who had been treated according to the Hanover treatment protocol were evaluated by means of cephalometric analysis and cast measurements. The aim of this investigation was to demonstrate changes in the vertical plane and in incisor position in the course of craniofacial growth compared ...
Krupski Witold - - 2004
Background. The aim of the work is problem of computed tomography diagnostic of the intervertebral disc degeneration and degenerative changes of the lumbo-sacral spine.<br /> Authors present result of computed tomography examinations performed in 60 patients at the age from 18 to 69 years, suffering from chronic low back pain ...
Dickinson Garth - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the accuracy, reliability, and potential impact of the National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS) low-risk criteria for cervical spine radiography, when applied in Canadian emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: The Canadian C-Spine Rule derivation study was a prospective cohort study conducted in 10 Canadian EDs that recruited ...
Cil Akin - - 2004
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patient age; localization, length, and magnitude of the curve; and sagittal plane alignment are reported to be the major determinants in the selection of patients for convex growth arrest. Although the existence of sagittal plane abnormality (kyphosis or lordosis) is accepted as a contraindication for convex ...
Tan Grace - - 2004
When Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) occurs at critical sites, such as in the cervical spine, there is a substantial risk for morbidity. Therefore, reports on clinical experiences with those patients remain important. We summarize the history of four patients with unifocal LCH at the cervical spine. All four patients received ...
Hofstra E I - - 2004
In this study, the functional and aesthetic outcome of patients with nasolabial flaps in the floor of the mouth was examined. Sixteen patients underwent reconstruction of the floor of the mouth with 19 nasolabial flaps after resection of a squamous cell carcinoma. Eight patients received postoperative radiotherapy. The patients were ...
Leet Arabella I AI Department of Orthopaedics, John Hopkins Medicine, 601 North Caroline Street, Room 5255, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. - - 2004
Lesions of fibrous dysplasia involving the spine and scoliosis are thought to be uncommon entities in patients with polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and McCune-Albright syndrome. By examining bone scans of a relatively large cohort of patients with these disorders, we sought to determine the prevalence of spinal involvement and any association ...
Fujiki Tatsuya - - 2004
We reported previously that patients with anterior open bite had tongue tip protrusion, slower movement of the rear part of the dorsal tongue, and earlier closure of the nasopharynx during deglutition. In the present study, the relationship between this characteristic tongue movement and maxillofacial morphology in patients with anterior open ...
Pisitkun Prapaporn - - 2004
Subluxation of the cervical spine is one of a number of devastating complications of rheumatoid arthritis. In spite of this, the features of cervical spine subluxation in Thai patients with rheumatoid arthritis have never previously been studied. We enrolled 134 patients with rheumatoid arthritis who were being followed at the ...
Kulkarni Vaijayantee - - 2004
OBJECT: The authors studied whether cervical spine motion segments adjacent to a fused segment exhibit accelerated degenerative changes on short-term follow-up magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. METHODS: Preoperative and short-term follow-up (mean duration 17.5 months, range 10-48 months) cervical MR images obtained in 44 patients who had undergone one- or two-level ...
Talarico Leonard M - - 2004
From January 1995 to December 2000, 87 patients at a single medical center underwent triple arthrodesis using external rings and arched-wire compression as the method of fixation. A retrospective evaluation was conducted to assess the clinical results of this technique. Eighty-four patients (97%) achieved clinical and radiographic fusion in 6 ...
Wong Granger B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: External maxillary distractions present additional anesthetic concerns to the existing complexity of the patient with craniofacial disorder. The distraction hardware is rigidly fixed to the cranium and projects in the frontofacial midline, thus limiting oronasal airway access. METHODS: A review of 16 patients (10 male, 6 female) having external ...
Bolinger Bryan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Bedside flexion and extension fluoroscopic examinations have been proposed as an option for clearance of the cervical spine in comatose brain-injured patients. We hypothesized that these studies, when performed after normal static imaging of the cervical spine, would have an extremely low likelihood of identifying occult ligamentous instability and ...
Harada Kiyoshi - - 2004
We examined the ratio between actual maxillary distraction and the distraction of the rigid external distraction device (Rigid external distraction (RED) system) used for maxillary distraction in patients with a cleft deformity. Twelve patients were examined. The amount of maxillary advancement was measured on lateral cephalograms and divided by the ...
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