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Results 351 - 400 of 1060
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Amini F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study cephalometric and facial features of Iranian children with beta-thalassemia major. DESIGN: Lateral cephalometric radiographs of thalassemic patients and controls who were matched for age, sex and ethnic origin were analyzed and compared. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A total of 30 thalassemic patients (18 male and 12 females) ...
Kim Kyongsong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The transvertebral approach is useful for decompression in patients with cervical radiculopathy; because the intervertebral disk is preserved, moveability is retained. We performed wide deletion of the vertebral body to increase the patient population eligible for treatment with this approach and include patients with compression of the cervical spinal ...
Trotier Didier - - 2007
The first step in the olfactory perception is the activation by odorants of sensory neurones in the olfactory epithelium. In humans, this sensory epithelium is located at 2 narrow passages, the olfactory clefts, at the upper part of the nasal cavities. Little is known about the physiology of these clefts. ...
Barrey Cédric - - 2007
Retrospective analysis of the spino-pelvic alignment in a population of 85 patients with a lumbar degenerative disease. Several previous publications reported the analysis of spino-pelvic alignment in the normal and low back pain population. Data suggested that patients with lumbar diseases have variations of sagittal alignment such as less distal ...
Pappou Ioannis P - - 2007
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The sagittal profile of the lumbar end plates on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has not been investigated in patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD) or herniated nucleus pulposus (HNP). PURPOSE: To examine the shape of the end plates in patients treated surgically for a) low back pain or ...
Boutros Sean - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine mandibular morphology and growth in patients with Crouzon, Pfeiffer, and Apert syndromes using posteroanterior cephalograms. Fifteen patients with Apert (n = 2), Crouzon (n = 11), and Pfeiffer (n = 2) (11 female, 4 male) syndrome were included in this study. All ...
Lippold Carsten - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To relate the differences in the posture of patients with different craniofacial morphologies. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-three adult patients with Class II and III malformations were examined by cephalometric analysis and rasterstereography. The facial depth, maxillary position, mandibular plane angle, inner gonial angle, facial axis, and lower facial height ...
Wedrychowska-Szulc Barbara - - 2007
AIM: To assess the morphology of supernumerary lateral incisors and describe the concomitant malocclusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Intraoral examination and analysis of panoramic views as well as study casts has been proceeded in 18 patients with supernumerary laterals. The widths of the normal and supernumerary laterals were measured. RESULTS: 20 ...
Cheng Lam L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review predisposing factors contributing to dental caries in patients with cleft lip, cleft palate, or both (CL/P). DESIGN: Patients with CL/P have a higher susceptibility to caries compared with the population group without clefts. A review of the literature was undertaken to determine factors that could account for ...
He Xiangyi - - 2007
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Oligodontia (severe partial anodontia) is a developmental dental anomaly. It is either an isolated trait or part of a syndrome. Oligodontia is characterized by the congenital absence of more than six permanent teeth except the third molars. Treatment often calls for facilitated surgical techniques, but less ...
McDonald Fraser - - 2007
Adult orthodontics is increasing in popularity as it is becoming more feasible to move and improve the alignment of a patient's teeth, irrespective of the technique. There is no doubt that the further development of tooth coloured appliances, invisible braces (Invisible braces are reflected by a plethora of appliance systems ...
Yavuz Muhammet Selim - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence of impacted mandibular canines, the associated pathology of these teeth, and to classify them. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 5022 panoramic radiographs taken of patients who presented to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery ...
Snyder Emma M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to assess the frequency of clinically relevant findings from plain films of infants evaluated for torticollis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval, radiology records were searched for infants 0 to 12 months of age who underwent plain film study for torticollis ...
Goel Atul - - 2007
An alternative technique of atlantoaxial fixation is described, which combines the trans-articular method of fixation described by Magerl in 1982 and the interarticular technique described by us in 1988. Between January 2001 and January 2005, 18 patients underwent the discussed method of fixation at the Department of Neurosurgery at King ...
Kajan Zahra Dalili - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Unilateral condylar hyperplasia can lead to marked and disfiguring changes in the face and occlusion. A method of determining side-to-side differences in condylar activity is an important step in managing this condition. AIMS: To determine the growth activity in normal mandibular condyles and to devise an index of side-to-side ...
Stiesch-Scholz M - - 2006
It has never been investigated, if mandibular movements of patients with craniomandibular disorders (CMD) result in a lower reproducibility of dynamic functional parameters which are used for the individual articulator setting. The aim of the present study was to compare the reproducibility of electronically registered functional parameters in patients with ...
Guttal S S - - 2006
Prosthetic rehabilitation of the midfacial defects has always perplexed maxillofacial prosthodontists. These midfacial defects lead to functional and cosmetic deficiencies. One of the causes of such defects is midline lethal granuloma, which is a destructive granulomatous lesion of uncertain aetiology, involving the nose, paranasal sinuses and the palate. Presented here ...
Gawda Piotr - - 2006
Background. Analyses of the relations between sagittal radiographic parameters in spondylolisthesis are rare, although the anterior slippage in spondylolisthesis can affect the natural relationship between the inclination of the sacrum and lumbar lordosis. The aim of our study was to determine the inclination of the sacrum, lumbar lordosis, anterior slippage ...
Samartzis Dino Dip - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort and series review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of cervical spine fusion patterns on the development of cervical spine-related symptoms (CSS) in patients with Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) and evaluate age- and time-dependent factors that may contribute to fused cervical patterns and the development of the ...
Letra Ariadne - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the intraoral features of patients with Apert's syndrome in treatment at the Hospital of Rehabilitation and Craniofacial Anomalies of University of São Paulo (HRAC-USP), a national reference center for treatment of craniofacial anomalies in Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective study, of 56,000 patients registered at HRAC-USP, ...
Proff Peter - - 2006
Patients with clefts of lip, alveolus and palate or some facial syndromes need complex and long-lasting orthodontic therapy. The possibility of orthodontic anchorage is often limited by congenital absence of teeth, disturbed skeletal growth or failing compliance with extraoral sources of force. Correct positioning and insertion provided, miniscrews can serve ...
Kuramae, Mayury
The purpose of this study is to analise the nasolabial angle and other cephalometric measurements that express the anteroposterior relationship of maxilla and mandibule in individuals with finger sucking habit. Thirty lateral cephalograms were selected from the patient files of the scientific documentation service, Orthodontic Graduation Course of the Piracicaba ...
Horn Eric M - - 2006
Atlantoaxial stabilization has evolved from simple posterior wiring to transarticular screw fixation. In some patients, however, the course of the vertebral artery (VA) through the axis varies, and therefore transarticular screw placement is not always feasible. For these patients, the authors have developed a novel method of atlantoaxial stabilization that ...
da Silva Filho Omar Gabriel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of the presence of a soft tissue bridge (Simonart's band) in patients with complete cleft lip and alveolus and complete cleft lip and palate. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SAMPLE: We assessed 407 consecutive unoperated patients first attending the Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies of University of ...
Tsirikos Athanasios I - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study of 668 consecutive patients with congenital spine deformities. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of Goldenhar conditions in patients with congenital spine deformities, and describe the types of vertebral abnormalities and their treatment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The craniofacial malformations described by Goldenhar can ...
Zamani Adil - - 2006
Swyer-James syndrome (SJS) is a rare disorder characterized radiologically by a unilateral hyperlucent lung. Although respiratory tract infections play an important role in the development of SJS, some cases have no documented history of repeated episodes of childhood respiratory infection . It has been suggested that some congenital factor(s) may ...
Hickey Alan Joseph - - 2006
This article addresses treatment of patients with various types of congenital defects, including partial and total anodontia, hypohydrotic ectodermal dysplasia, dentinogenesis imperfecta, and cleft lip and palate. The psychosocial aspects of these patients and rehabilitation with removable, fixed, and implant-supported prostheses are discussed. The factors to be considered are altered ...
Huang Russel C - - 2006
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There are no published studies on the relationship between total disc replacement (TDR) motion and the development of adjacent level degeneration (ALD). Because prevention of ALD is the underlying justification for TDR, studies investigating the validity of this concept are essential. PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between range ...
Dudas Jason R - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The workup of velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) includes speech pathology evaluation and examination of velopharyngeal anatomy and physiology. This study sought to determine whether perceptual speech symptoms were predictive of velopharyngeal closure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients with VPI following primary palatoplasty was performed. All patients ...
Al-Jabrah Osama A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of signs of a temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in completely edentulous patients wearing upper and lower complete dentures (CD) and to compare this to the prevalence of signs in partially edentulous patients wearing upper and lower clasp-retained acrylic removable partial dentures (RPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A ...
Higashino K - - 2007
Tryptophan alleles in COL9A2 (Trp2) and COL9A3 (Trp3) have been linked to lumbar disc diseases in the Finnish population. Although such diseases consist of various pathogenetically different conditions, detailed analysis of each has not been well documented. The aim of this study was to clarify whether the collagen IX tryptophan ...
Hisano Masataka - - 2006
Monoblock appliances were used in combination with intermaxillary elastics for treatment of adult skeletal Class III patients. The patients showed predisposing upper incisors problems, significant mobility in patient 1 and root resorption in patient 2, which contraindicated direct intrusion of the incisors. Using the monoblock with selective extrusion of the ...
Arigbede A O - - 2006
AIM: Maxillectomy often results in a high level of morbidity with significant psychological and functional implications for the patient. Such disabilities include inability to masticate, deglutition, and speech disturbance. Unfortunately, little is known about the nature of the speech disturbance and the influence of the class of surgical defects in ...
Smith W - - 2006
. The literature supports the benefit of adenoidectomy in patients with otitis media with effusion (OME). . It is difficult to clear adenoid tissue from around the Eustachian tubes using curettes and this conventional method of adenoidectomy is contra-indicated in patients with cleft palates. . Laser reduction of peri-Eustachian adenoid ...
Sakai Toshinori - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Radiologic study for patients with athetoid cerebral palsy (CP), and a biomechanical study using the finite-element model (FEM). OBJECTIVES: To understand the lumbar disorders of athetoid CP patients and the etiology based on the results from the FEM study. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is a ...
Linthout Nadine - - 2006
The safety margins used to define the Planning Target Volume (PTV) should reflect the accuracy of the target localization during treatment that comprises both the reproducibility of the patient positioning and the positional uncertainty of the target, so both the inter- and intrafraction motion of the target. Our first aim ...
Shen Francis H - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of 33 consecutive Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) patients at a single institution. OBJECTIVES: To assess in KFS patients the presence and degree of radiographic segmental motion at the atlantoaxial junction, factors contributing to such motion, and associated clinical manifestations. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Studies suggest that ...
Delport Elva G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Great variability exists in the reported frequency of transitional vertebra in the general population as well as in symptomatic lumbar spine patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the occurrence rate of transitional vertebra in consecutive lumbar spine patients in our practice. DESIGN: A prospective, observational study METHODS: Plain films were viewed ...
Qiu Yong - - 2006
To test the denervation of paraspinal muscles and further investigate the pathogenesis of scoliosis associated with syringomyelia via detecting the spread of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) beyond the confines of the functional neuromuscular junction. Patients were divided into three groups: Group A consisted of 25 patients with scoliosis associated with syringomyelia, ...
Szarmach I J - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the dependence of gingival recession, malocclusion and factors that may lead to recessions of the gingiva in patients applying for orthodontical treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 52 randomly selected patients treated with fixed appliances due to occlusal irregularities and ...
Tumrasvin Wacharasak - - 2006
PURPOSE: Masticatory performance of denture patients is an outcome of the intricate inter-relationship between patient characteristics and denture construction. This study aimed to identify both patient- and denture-related factors associated with masticatory performance in unilateral distal extension removable partial denture patients (RPDs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two patients (25 male and ...
Prushansky Tamara - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: A comparative study of cervical motion performance in chronic whiplash (CW) patients and healthy subjects. OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficiency of total cervical range of motion (TCROM), which consists of the combined score of all six primary movements and their mean coefficient of variation (MCV), in differentiating CW ...
Carano Aldo - - 2005
The purpose of this article is to illustrate the effects of the rapid molar intrusion appliance, a treatment alternative that does not require patient compliance, for counteracting excessive vertical dimensions in growing patients and adults. The rapid molar intrusion appliance has 2 elastic modules that are secured on the maxillary ...
Ysunza Antonio - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate velopharyngeal function after two different types of pharyngoplasty: pharyngeal flap (PF) and sphincter pharyngoplasty (SP). DESIGN: Two groups of patients operated on with pharyngeal flaps or sphincter pharyngoplasty were studied prospectively. SETTING: The study was carried out at the cleft palate clinic of the Hospital Gea Gonzalez ...
Krost B - - 2006
According to the multifactorial threshold (MFT) model, cleft lip and palate (CLP) result from the influence of exogenous and endogenous genetic factors. Based on nearly 1000 cases of cleft lip with or without cleft palate treated in the clinic for maxillofacial surgery of the Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg during the period ...
Tsirikos Athanasios I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies of the ribs and chest wall as well as Sprengel deformity of the shoulder are often associated with congenital deformities of the spine. It has been suggested that rib anomalies may adversely affect the progression of the spinal deformity. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of the ...
Adeniji A O - - 2005
CONTEXT: Not all pregnant women with an "unripe" cervix can be successfully ripened by the cervical ripening agents; therefore tests with predictive information are justified. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of the presence of foetal fibronectin (FFN) in the cervico-vaginal secretions on pre-induction cervical ripening with either intravaginal Misoprostol or ...
Prushansky Tamara - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Isometric cervical strength has been used for assessing the severity of cervical spine pathologies. However there is a conspicuous dearth of information relating to cervical strength data in patients suffering from chronic whiplash. Therefore the objective of this study was to compare absolute and ratio-based isometric cervical strength scores ...
Schliephake H - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to compare the morphology of the hard palate of patients with uni- and bilateral cleft lip and palate after palatoplasty using vomer and palatal pedicled flaps with the palatal morphology of non-cleft individuals. Eighty patients were enrolled into this retrospective study: 40 patients ...
Remes Ville M - - 2005
Between 1977 and 1987, posterior (n=29) or posterolateral (n=73) fusion was performed for mild to moderate (slip <50%) isthmic spondylolisthesis on 102 patients (46 females, 56 males). The patients' average age at the time of operation was 15.9 (range, 8.1-19.8) years. Clinical (physical examination and Oswestry disability index (ODI)) and ...
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