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Results 301 - 350 of 1060
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Ayanniyi O - - 2008
This multi-centre study investigated the distribution pattern of the three McKenzie syndromes among patients with low back pain (LBP) from the out patient physiotherapy departments of some selected medical facilities in Oyo, Ogun and Lagos States of Nigeria in order to establish the distribution index for patients suffering from LBP. ...
Adeyemi A T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of socio-economic status on the utilization of orthodontic services and the uptake of orthodontic treatment in a Nigerian teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Relevant information needed for the study had been previously recorded in the patient's case file. A total of 157 patients that presented ...
Proff Peter - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cranial base configuration in skeletal Class III patients to clarify the conflicting findings from literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initial lateral radiographs of 54 skeletal Class III patients and 54 matched controls (Class I, II/1, II/2) aged 14 to 24 years were analyzed retrospectively for 21 cephalometric ...
Al-Balkhi Khalid M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and discuss the etiology, distribution, and classification of cleft lip and palate (CLP) patients in one of the most active CLP clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The records of all 171 CLP patients attending the CLP clinic at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University in ...
Jacobsen P E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Skull thickness in relation to patients with skeletal deep bite has not been reported previously. The present study examines the skull thickness in patients with skeletal deep bite and compares it with the skull thickness in subjects with neutral occlusion and normal craniofacial morphology. DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. ...
Sun Peter P - - 2008
Introduction Rigid occiptocervical (O-C) instrumentation has resulted in a high fusion rate and has reduced the need for postoperative halo immobilization in children with craniovertebral instability. Screw fixation at the C-2 part of the construct has been described with C1-2 transarticular screws and C-2 pedicle screws. However, children with smaller ...
Lim Hoi-Jeong - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The esthetic impact of the soft-tissue profile might play a major role in deciding on premolar extraction or nonextraction treatment, particularly in borderline patients. The purpose of this study was to compare the esthetic impact of extraction and nonextraction therapy on Korean patients. METHODS: Panels of 50 dentists and ...
Duane Therèse M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the utility of a lateral cervical spine plain film in the evaluation of blunt trauma patients. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated blunt trauma patients from February 2004 to September 2006 who had both a lateral cervical spine (LCS) film and a computed ...
Mommaerts Maurice Y - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this retrospective observational case series study was to determine the morbidity of transmandibular Distraction Osteogenesis (DO) using a bone-borne distraction device to adapt the surgical protocol and improve hardware design. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The treatment of 23 consecutive, non-syndromic patients who underwent transverse mandibular DO after ...
Glard Yann - - 2008
Cases of "non-idiopathic" scoliosis are deemed atypical. These require a comprehensive work-up in order to choose the best treatment (and to determine an extent of fusion if needed). Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetic disease often marked with the presence of scoliosis, which is poorly described in the literature. Knowing ...
Koga Daniel Henrique - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the frequency of osteoradionecrosis associated with dental extractions. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 405 patients submitted to radiotherapy and had dental extractions were evaluated. The patients were divided into 3 groups. RESULTS: In group 1, 316 patients were submitted to 1.647 dental extractions (mean 5.2 teeth ...
Aras Mutan Hamdi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence and pattern of transmigrant maxillary canines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of 6000 patients who were presented to our oral and maxillofacial surgery services between January 1998 and January 2007 were reviewed. Observations were made as to the right/left ...
Barisić Ingeborg I Department of Medical Genetics and Department of Cardiology, Children's University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia. - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine whether deletion 22q11.2 studies should become apart of a standardized diagnostic workup for selected groups of at risk patients. We prospectively investigated four cohorts of unselected patients referred because of 1) congenital heart defect (CHD), 2) palatal anomalies, 3) hypocalcaemia, 4) dysmorphic ...
MacMahon P J - - 2009
PURPOSE: To describe the particular disc displacement pattern seen at MRI in patients with spondylolisthesis, and its potential contribution to foraminal stenosis. METHODS: 38 patients with symptomatic lumbar anterior spondylolisthesis and 38 sex and aged matched control patients with herniated disc disease, at corresponding disc space levels, were included for ...
Amini F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the concentration of nickel, chromium and cobalt in oral mucosa cells of patients with and without fixed orthodontic appliances. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients were included in this study. The control group consisted of 30 patients without any type of fixed orthodontic appliances or ...
Trudelle-Jackson Elaine - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective methodological study of interrater reliability. OBJECTIVES: To examine the interrater reliability of a movement impairment-based classification system for patients with chronic low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND: Movement impairment-based classification for the lumbar spine categorizes LBP based on the findings derived from a patient history and standardized ...
Salvarani C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the inflammatory involvement of cervical interspinous bursae in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) using MRI. METHODS: In all, 12 consecutive, untreated new patients with PMR were investigated. Five patients with fibromyalgia, two patients with cervical osteoarthritis and six patients with spondyloarthritis with neck pain served as controls. ...
Khosla Rohit K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical outcomes following the Furlow Z-plasty for primary cleft palate repair. The primary objective was to determine if the presence of an associated sequence or syndrome (i.e., Pierre Robin sequence), age at palate repair, cleft type, or surgeon experience influenced speech outcomes after a Furlow Z-plasty. ...
Soni Priyavrat - - 2008
Three cases of abnormal incidental findings on lateral cephalogram are presented. These patients reported for orthodontic consultation in their adolescence. While studying the patients' cephalograms, abnormal radiographic findings were discovered in their cervical vertebrae. Because the patients were asymptomatic, early diagnosis based on these radiographic findings made the patients aware ...
Mishima Katsuaki - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study is to clarify the relationship between nasalance scores and nasopharyngeal shapes obtained by lateral cephalograms. PATIENTS: Eight patients who underwent a Wardill-Kilner push-back palatoplasty were included in this study. Perceptual judgment by a speech pathologist indicated that these patients had no hypernasality and ...
Rehmann Peter - - 2008
This clinical single-blind study aimed to evaluate the influence of 2 occlusal concepts (OCs) on patient satisfaction in the initial phaseafter fitting new complete dentures (CDs). Thirty-eight edentulous patients received 1 new maxillary CD and 2 almost identical mandibular CDs, which differed only in their OC (bilateral balanced occlusion vs ...
Arslan Seher Gündüz - - 2008
The aim of this study was to assess quantitative and qualitative alterations in the carrier rate of Candida spp. in south-eastern Turkey among adolescents, and to investigate the effect of fixed orthodontic appliances on the Candida count in a 1-year follow-up study. In the first phase of the study, the ...
Dellavia Claudia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate morphologic characteristics of occlusion (contact points, contact areas, and frequency of contact) in clinically successful patients 1 year after orthodontic and surgical-orthodontic therapy followed by passive retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two orthodontic and 18 surgical-orthodontic patients were analyzed. All patients were treated with standard edgewise technique by ...
Sugimoto Yoshihisa - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To predict intraoperative vertebral rotation in patients with scoliosis using posterior elements as anatomic landmarks. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In patients with scoliosis, accurate intraoperative vertebral rotation measurements are needed to avoid spinal cord injury caused by pedicle screw misplacement. Generally, we predict vertebral ...
Gündüz Arslan S S Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the craniofacial and upper airway structures in patients with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). Craniofacial and upper airway dimensions were measured on lateral cephalometric radiographs of ten HED patients (four females and six males) and ten normal class III patients as a control ...
Kim Tae-Jong - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: A cross-sectional radiological examination was performed in patients diagnosed with AS. A bone and joint radiologist screened and confirmed the cervical radiographs of these patients. A review of the medical ...
Zmysłowska E - - 2007
The aim of the study was to assess the rate of mandibular residual ridge resorption in edentulous patients and to analyse the factors which determine this process. A group of 35 edentulous patients aged between 51 and 89 years, with a mean age of 74 (65-78) years, were included in ...
Huang Jung-Ju - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Van der Woude syndrome, characterized by lip pits and cleft lip/ palate, presents with variable expressions. This retrospective study was designed to obtain a better understanding of its clinical pattern in Taiwanese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 13,147 cleft patients treated at the Chang Gung Craniofacial Center from 1976 ...
Barrey Cédric - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The main objectives of this study were to analyze and compare spinopelvic parameters, including the pelvis shape, in a population of 40 patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DSPL) and to compare these patients with a control group of asymptomatic volunteers. METHODS: Forty patients with DSPL were included in this study. ...
Celenk Cetin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the differences in mandibular trabecular bone quality between edentulous and dentate patients using quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (QMRI). METHODS: The patients in this study had been referred to our clinic for QMRI examination for various reasons. A total of 40 male patients (18 dentate, 22 edentulous), 45-55 ...
Zhu Zezhang - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: A comparative study was performed among 2 groups of patients: Group A with scoliosis and syringomyelia and Group B with idiopathic scoliosis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the denervation of paraspinal muscles and analyze its association with scoliosis in patients with syringomyelia. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The mechanism by which ...
Rustemeyer J - - 2008
Some patients with cleft lip/palate or isolated cleft palate seem to develop snoring as one possible symptom of an obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome after velopharyngoplasty (VPP). The aim of this paper was to determine whether there was a difference in the posterior airway space (PAS) between patients with a VPP ...
Harris Edward F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the nature and extent of bilateral dentoalveolar asymmetries in routine adolescent orthodontic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight left-right pairs of occlusal dimensions were measured from dental casts (n=211 subjects) with proportionate samples of class I, II, and III malocclusions. RESULTS: Directional asymmetry is a subtle, but pervasive ...
Bütow K W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in prevalence of the different categories of facial cleft deformities between the white and black patients in a database of 2806 cleft cases at the University of Pretoria. No variation of clefts between these two groups has ever been ...
Fenlon Michael Robert - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of patient personality on satisfaction with and use of complete dentures. METHODS: Patients attending a dental school for replacement of existing complete dentures completed a Personality Questionnaire and quality of existing complete dentures was assessed. After the first post-insertion visit quality of new dentures was ...
Cagnie Barbara - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The first aim of this study was to determine the reliability of the Zebris (Achen, Germany) ultrasound-based testing of cervical range of motion (ROM). The second aim was to develop a normative database in a healthy sample of 96 volunteers. The third aim was to evaluate, with the Zebris ...
Fukui Mitsuru - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The manner of measuring the outcome of cervical myelopathy must be patient-oriented and have sufficient reliability and validity. The current Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scoring system for cervical myelopathy is widely used but has not met this requirement. The first- and second-round surveys established 24 items for inclusion on ...
Armstrong B P - - 2007
Prehospital cervical spine (c-spine) immobilisation is common, despite c-spine injury being relatively rare. Unnecessary immobilisation results in a significant burden on limited prehospital and emergency department (ED) resources. This study aimed to determine whether the incidence of unnecessary c-spine immobilisation by ambulance personnel could be safely reduced through the implementation ...
Derincek Alihan - - 2007
Symptomatic patients who had Magnetic Resonance Imaging findings of degenerative disc disease and who failed conservative treatment were identified. As a preoperative test, these patients underwent discography. The patients, who experienced pain with injection into a morphologically normal disc adjacent to a morphologically abnormal disc, were included in the study. ...
Mohammad Ali Erfani; Assistant ...
BACKGROUND: Congenital scoliosis occurs because of either the failure of formation or the failure of segmentation or both. Evaluation of the incidence and the types of occult intraspinal abnormalities in congenital scoliosis is the subject of this study.METHODS: During a period of 29 years, 103 patients with congenital scoliosis were ...
Cribb G L - - 2007
We have treated 15 patients with massive lumbar disc herniations non-operatively. Repeat MR scanning after a mean 24 months (5 to 56) showed a dramatic resolution of the herniation in 14 patients. No patient developed a cauda equina syndrome. We suggest that this condition may be more benign than previously ...
da Silva Filho Omar Gabriel - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The literature has demonstrated that alterations in craniofacial morphology characterizing individuals with cleft palate are observed in both operated and unoperated patients. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the influence of isolated cleft palate and palatoplasty on the face, based on facial analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Lateral facial photographs of the ...
Wilson Jeffrey - - 2007
Denture stomatitis is an inflammatory condition affecting palatal mucosa covered by a denture. Aetiology is multifactorial involving poor hygiene, constant denture wearing, trauma and colonisation by Candida species. In inflamed tissues raised levels of albumin, IgG isotypes and secretory IgA (sIgA) would be expected. SIgA is a major component of ...
Masood Farah - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of positive radiographic findings in panoramic radiographs of edentulous arches. METHOD: A sample of 327 panoramic radiographs was selected from the patient pool at the University of Oklahoma College of Dentistry. Radiographs were evaluated for presence of retained root ...
Kim David H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although halo-vest immobilization remains a common form of treatment for type II odontoid fractures, nonunion and C1-2 instability may be the result in up to 20% to 40% of patients. PURPOSE: Supine and upright lateral X-ray films may allow early identification of patients likely to fail halo-vest treatment and ...
Willems Paul C - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study of clinical outcomes of lumbar fusion patients with preoperative assessment of adjacent levels by provocative discography. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the preoperative status of the adjacent discs, as determined by provocative discography, has an impact on the clinical outcome of lumbar fusion in chronic low ...
Miranda Pablo - - 2007
The objective of this study was to describe clinical and radiological features of a series of patients presenting with Brown-Sequard syndrome after blunt spinal trauma and to determine whether a correlation exists between cervical plain films, CT, MRI and the clinical presentation and neurological outcome. A retrospective review was done ...
Ochudło Stanisław - - 2007
In this study, we evaluated patterns, quantity and effectiveness of gestes antagonistes, the association between the severity of disease and the type of gestes and the clinical implications of the presence of gestes antagonistes in 33 patients with cervical dystonia, 19 patients (58%) presented a classic sensory trick (ST) while ...
Ahn Sug-Joon - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in skeletal response to orthodontic treatment between patients with bilateral disk derangement and normal disk position of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects consisted of 46 women whose malocclusions were treated only by orthodontics. All patients had TMJ magnetic resonance imaging (TMJ MRI) ...
Chin Kingsley R - - 2007
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Given the experience with anterior lumbar cages, the similar enthusiasm for total disc replacement (TDR) and the economic incentives driving use of this new technology, it is important to document reasonable expectations as to the incidence of patients with appropriate indications for this new technology. PURPOSE: To document ...
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