Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1060
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Braddom Randall L - - 2009
This retrospective study compared the frequency of electrodiagnostically confirmed cervical and lumbar radiculopathies in a motor vehicle accident (MVA) population to that of a non-MVA population in 24,651 consecutive initial electrodiagnostic reports. The frequency of cervical radiculopathy was slightly but significantly increased in 8% of the MVA compared to 6% ...
Machida Masafumi - - 2009
The correlation of serum melatonin levels and curve progression in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and the effects of melatonin therapy in scoliotic patients with reduced levels of endogenous melatonin were studied in 40 adolescent patients with moderate to severe idiopathic scoliosis. Of the scoliotic subjects, 28 had stable scoliosis and 12 ...
Srinivasa Rao Nooti Venkata - - 2009
OBJECT: Distal-type cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA) is a rare form of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). The authors documented the incidence, clinical presentation, radiological features, and outcome following central corpectomy (CC) in patients with this entity. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective institutional database search of patients who underwent decompressive surgery ...
Rodrigues Moacyr-Tadeu V - - 2009
A 62-year-old man was referred for routine treatment of hyperplasia of the mucosa in the anterior lower jaw. An oroantral fistula was detected in the right superior alveolar ridge. The patient had no complaints. Plain radiographs showed a radiopaque foreign body in the posterior region associated with opacification of the ...
Oyinloye O I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV), is a structural anomaly, of the lumbosacral spine which has been variably associated with, low back pain (LBP) and its presence can also result in a level being wrongly identified pre-operatively. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence, pattern of LSTV and its relationship with LBP in ...
Inoko Yoshimi - - 2009
The existence of a relationship between head posture and mandibular function has been discussed by several authors. However, the relationship between head posture and the cervical spine in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) who are using oral appliances (OAs) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to ...
Baraliakos Xenofon - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the natural course of radiographic progression and to differentiate rates of progression in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: Overall, 146 patients with AS who had never received anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy were analyzed in this retrospective cohort study. The main inclusion criterion was the availability of ...
Lawhorne Thomas W TW - - 2009
Intraspinous and pedicle screw-based (PSB) dynamic instrumentation systems have been in use for a decade now. By direct or indirect decompression, these devices theoretically establish less painful segmental motion by diminishing pathologic motion and unloading painful disks. Ideally, dynamics should address instability in the early stages of degenerative spondylolisthesis before ...
Wendling Daniel - - 2009
Vertebral hyperostosis typically predominates at the thoracic spine and causes only minor symptoms. Involvement of the cervical spine may cause dysphagia due to pressure on the esophagus. We report three cases of dysphagia revealing cervical hyperostosis. The patients were 3 men aged 54-73 years. Dysphagia was moderate in 2 patients ...
Morinaka Setsuko - - 2009
A 73-year-old man presented to our hospital with a sore throat (left-sided) and hiccups. The patient had mucosal swelling and erosions affecting the left posterior pillar, base of tongue, epiglottis, arytenoid, and aryepiglottic fold. As the laryngeal mucosal edema became worse, herpetic vesicles and erosions developed on the left cavum ...
Qian Jun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between subaxial cervical spine instability and cervical spondylotic sympathetic symptoms as well as the difference of cervical spondylotic subaxial instability between male and female patients. METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively 318 surgical cases of cervical spondylosis treated at Department of Orthopedic Surgery of Peking Union Medical ...
Holst Alexandra I - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the craniofacial vertical and sagittal jaw relationship in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) differed from that of age-matched noncleft controls, before and after the pubertal growth spurt. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. PATIENTS: The study group comprised 126 patients with CLP, subdivided according to gender ...
Chikuda Hirotaka - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of 10 consecutive patients with a noninflammatory retro-odontoid pseudotumor. OBJECTIVE: To examine the radiographic characteristics in patients with a retro-odontoid pseudotumor and to evaluate the efficacy of posterior fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A retro-odontoid pseudotumor, a reactive fibrocartilaginous mass, is known to develop after ...
Li Cheng-hao - - 2010
Analysis of the soft tissue profile is recognized as an important aspect for assessing the effect of different surgical methods in patients with a cleft lip and/or palate. Two hundred seventy healthy people with deciduous, mixed and permanent dentition were chosen for photographs. The photographs were measured and the ratios ...
Oppenlander Mark E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical hyperosteophytosis describes the excessive formation of osteophytes along the ventral spine. Dysphagia due to ACH is considered an uncommon entity described mainly in case reports. Symptomatic ACH has been attributed to multiple etiologies including DISH, trauma, postlaminectomy syndromes, and cervical spondylosis. We report one of the largest ...
Mancini Federico - - 2009
Few studies focused on the prevalence of scoliosis and involvement of the spine in patients with fibrous dysplasia (FD) of bone. We examined for FD involvement of the spine and scoliosis in 56 patients affected by FD of bone. Fifty patients were part of a cohort reported in a multicentric ...
Sule Ashish Anil - - 2009
To assess whether there was an increased risk of bleeding with enoxaparin in patients with a creatinine clearance (CCT) of less than 30 mL/min. Patients with a CCT of less than 30 mL/min who were given enoxaparin 1 mg/kg/day were included. Antifactor Xa levels (peak and trough) were measured after ...
Seliem Essam Nassef - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of cephalometric soft tissue linear measurements obtained from conventionally traced cephalograms with those taken directly on patients. This study was conducted on 11 orthodontic patients. Small pieces of orthodontic wire were fixed on five soft tissue landmarks in the midline ...
Glard Yann - - 2009
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetic disease often marked with the presence of scoliosis, which is poorly described in the literature. No three-dimensional analysis of the deformity in the literature is observed. Thirty patients diagnosed with MFS were prospectively included in our series. Each patient was proposed to undergo a ...
Kataoka H - - 2009
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) alleviates motor disability of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Mental changes and other adverse events are common, but typically transient. Severe complications such as intracerebral haemorrhage or infection are rare, but 6 of 73 patients who underwent STN-DBS died of pneumonia, ...
Atashrazm Parsa - - 2009
AIM: Occlusal disharmony is frequently observed among edentulous patients. With the side effects of occlusal disharmony in mind, the goal of this research was to investigate the prevalence of occlusal disharmony in inserted complete dentures and its associated causes. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 107 selected ...
Gumina Stefano - - 2009
This study was aimed at evaluating whether or not patients with chronic type III acromioclavicular dislocation develop cervical spine pain and degenerative changes more frequently than normal subjects. The cervical spine of 34 patients with chronic type III AC dislocation was radiographically evaluated. Osteophytosis presence was registered and the narrowing ...
Lu Ming-Chi MC Department of Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology, Dalin Tzu Chi Buddhist Hospital, City of Chia Yi, - - 2009
To evaluate the possible relationship between HLA alleles and bony ankylosis of the spine (bamboo spine) in Taiwanese patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). A small cohort of HLA-B27 positive AS patients was conducted to analyze the effects of alleles {and haplotypes} on the development of bamboo spine. DNA typing of ...
Dean Clayton L - - 2009
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Degenerative spondylolisthesis has been well described as a disorder of the lumbar spine. Few authors have suggested that a similar disorder occurs in the cervical spine. To our knowledge, the present study represents the largest series of patients with long-term follow-up who were managed surgically for the treatment ...
Shafi I - - 2008
AIM: To gather information about planned treatment, outcomes and type of patient attending a multidisciplinary hypodontia clinic over a five year period at Glasgow Dental Hospital and School. STUDY DESIGN: There were three parts to the study: (i) to report demographics of the patients with hypodontia attending the multidisciplinary clinic ...
Martins Renato Parsekian - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to differentiate the dentoalveolar and skeletal effects to better understand orthodontic treatment. We evaluated the treatment changes associated with the bionator and the removable headgear splint (RHS). METHODS: The sample comprised 51 consecutively treated Class II patients from 1 office who had all ...
Lee Jae Chul - - 2008
This is a retrospective series. We wanted to analyze the safety and effectiveness of using the newer generation metallic implants (pedicle screws and/or titanium mesh) for the treatment of tuberculous spondylitis. OVERVIEW OF THE LITERATURE: There have been various efforts to prevent the development of a kyphotic deformity after the ...
Rao Prashanth J - - 2008
Anterior cervical discectomy without fusion is an effective treatment for myeloradiculopathy arising from a medial disc prolapse. However, the long-term clinical results are not well known. Between 2000 and 2006, 38 patients with persistent radiculopathy and medial disc prolapse or myelopathy due to acute disc prolapse underwent subtotal anterior cervical ...
He Xing - - 2009
The aim of this study was to develop a new method for evaluation of nasal appearance in patients after cleft lip repair. A method is described in which the nasal region is evaluated without the influence of the labial repair. Frontal, submental and profile view photographs of 45 patients after ...
Arts Mark P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Vertebral body reconstruction after corpectomy has become a common surgical procedure. The authors describe a prospectively followed case series of patients treated with expandable cages for various indications. METHODS: Sixty patients underwent single or multilevel corpectomy for degenerative stenosis (13 patients), herniated disc (7 patients), deformity (14 patients), traumatic ...
Meazzini Maria Costanza - - 2008
No true consensus exists regarding the causes of maxillary growth restriction in cleft lip and palate patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate a simplified method to identify the causes of this growth impairment. We analyzed a sample of 82 consecutively treated 5-year-old patients with unilateral complete cleft ...
Robertson Andrew G N - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the buccal myomucosal flap in secondary repairs of cleft palate. Twenty-two patients who underwent secondary palatoplasty between 1989 and 2004 in which a buccal myomucosal flap was used were reviewed retrospectively. All patients had undergone at least one previous ...
Dastych M - - 2008
Our work aimed at extending the search for abnormalities of trace elements in patients with idiopathic scoliosis to the content of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and selenium (Se) in these subject's hair and serum. A total of 59 patients (54 girls and 4 boys) with idiopathic scoliosis, aged 13 on ...
Angevine Peter D - - 2008
Idiopathic scoliosis (IS) most commonly develops during adolescence, but may present at any age from infancy through adulthood. Patients with IS are evaluated clinically and radiographically to determine whether the deformity is, in fact, idiopathic, to elucidate any symptoms related to the scoliosis, and to characterize the deformity itself. In ...
Arneja Jugpal S - - 2008
Patients with velocardiofacial syndrome often present with refractory velopharyngeal incompetence. Whereas the high wide pharyngeal flap has been advocated for these patients, poor visualization makes high inset of the flap technically difficult. We present a consecutive series of patients with velocardiofacial syndrome and severe velopharyngeal incompetence treated with high inset ...
Goiato Marcelo Coelho - - 2008
The restoration of masticatory function and esthetics is an important aim in dentistry mainly when patients present with extensive tooth loss. The aim of mastication is to reduce food size to produce a homogeneous bolus appropriate to be swallowed. For edentulous patients, chewing efficiency is reduced because dental arches are ...
Ugokwe Kene T - - 2008
OBJECT: Pseudarthrosis and construct failure following single-level anterior cervical discectomy, fusion, and plate placement (ACDFP) rarely occur. Routine postoperative anteroposterior and lateral radiographs may be an inconvenience to patients and expose them to additional and potentially unnecessary radiation. No standard exists to define when patients should obtain radiographs following an ...
Bindayel Naif A - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Literature regarding oral conditions in patients with Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) often covers the periodontal aspects, but no literature was found describing specific craniofacial findings in this group. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the cephalometric findings of patients with PLS. METHODS: Lateral cephalograms of 8 patients ...
Nardone Antonio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We studied balance control in patients with cervical spondylosis, on the hypothesis that ataxia and changes in postural responses occur concurrently as a consequence of structural problems in the cervical cord. Subjects and patients: Seventeen patients and 17 healthy subjects were recruited. Based on magnetic resonance imaging, the patients ...
Chin Kingsley R - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of documented adverse events in 637 consecutive patients after computed tomogram myelography and follow-up interview of the most recent 100 of these patients. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed documented prevalence of adverse events after diagnostic myelography in cervical spondylotic patients and compared with perceived adverse events ...
Seidler T O - - 2009
The purpose of our study was to demonstrate the clinical and radiographic findings in patients with dysphagia and ventral osteophytes of the cervical spine due to degeneration or as a typical feature of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH, Forestier Disease). Since 2003 we encountered 20 patients with such changes in ...
Pull ter Gunne Albert F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Risk factors for mortality after blunt cervical trauma have received little attention within the literature. Therefore, we performed a study, to determine which factors are associated with mortality in patients with blunt cervical trauma. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of 88 trauma patients, with cervical fractures, who were admitted ...
da Silva Dalben G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The G/BBB syndrome is an X-linked recessive disorder characterized by eye anomalies, laryngotracheoesophageal cleft, congenital heart disease, genitourinary anomalies and gastrointestinal disorders. Patients may also present cleft lip and palate, high-arched palate and thin upper lip. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of tooth abnormalities and soft tissue ...
Yoshikawa Masaho - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively evaluate impairment of postural stability in patients with cervical myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Proprioceptive sensation plays an important role in coordinated movement of the lower extremities and postural stability. Nevertheless, although disturbance of proprioceptive information will have an influence on ...
Ettlin Thierry - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify objective clinical examinations for the diagnosis of whiplash syndrome, whereby we focused on trigger points. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with 1 measurement point. SETTING: A quiet treatment room in a rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (n=124) and healthy subjects (n=24) participated in this study. Among the patient group ...
Nations S P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic, excess zinc intake can result in copper deficiency and profound neurologic disease. However, when hyperzincemia is identified, the source often remains elusive. We identified four patients, one previously reported, with various neurologic abnormalities in the setting of hypocupremia and hyperzincemia. Each of these patients wore dentures and used ...
Nagasao Tomohisa - - 2008
The present study was performed to quantitatively analyze the three-dimensional morphology of the nasal septa of patients with alveolar and alveolopalatal clefts. Twenty-five unilateral complete cleft lip patients with alveolar clefts only (alveolar cleft group) and 35 unilateral complete cleft lip patients with alveolar and palatal clefts (alveolar and palatal ...
Djurasovic Mladen O - - 2008
This study examined whether sagittal alignment, preexisting adjacent level degeneration, and smoking predispose patients to adjacent segment degeneration following lumbar fusion. Fifty-one patients with adjacent segment degeneration were identified and matched with control patients based on age, sex, level, and date of index surgery. Preexisting adjacent level degeneration and sagittal ...
Samartzis Dino - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective radiographic and retrospective clinical chart review. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the role of congenitally fused cervical segments in relation to the space available for the cord (SAC) and associated cervical spine-related symptoms (CSS) in patients with Klippel-Feil Syndrome (KFS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: KFS is a ...
Turkyilmaz Ilser - - 2008
The oral rehabilitation of cleft lip and palate (CLP) patients is challenging; and many of these patients are suffering because they received insufficient dental treatment. Several techniques, including surgeries, alveolar bone grafts, orthodontic appliances and advanced prosthodontic rehabilitation, have been proposed for the oral rehabilitation of CLP patients. This case ...
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