Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1060
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Garretty Tess - - 2010
Convergence excess esotropia defines an esotropia on accommodation at near fixation with binocular single vision and motor fusion at distance fixation associated with a high accommodative convergence: accommodation (Ac/A) ratio. The effect of occlusion on exotropia has been well described and is known to alter the Ac/A ratio. This study ...
Wu Liang - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective trial of MRI study in patients with "idiopathic" left thoracic scoliosis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of neural axis abnormalities in asymptomatic patients with "idiopathic" left thoracic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Some patients with neural axis abnormalities have scoliosis as the only presenting sign, and ...
Fujiyoshi Takayuki - - 2010
We studied 27 patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) but no clinical symptoms of myelopathy. We investigated the occupation ratio of the spinal canal by OPLL with cervical radiographs, assessed the morphological types of OPLL, and measured the segmental range of motion (ROM) at the level ...
Jiang Jun - - 2010
The effectiveness of bracing on preventing curve progression in coronal plane for mild and moderate adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients has been confirmed by previous radiographic researches. However, a hypokyphotic effect on the sagittal plane has been reported by a few studies. A relatively increasing number of AIS patients were ...
Sonnesen L - - 2010
Aim. To summarize recent studies on morphological deviations of the cervical vertebral column and associations with craniofacial morphology and head posture in nonsyndromic patients and in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Design. In these recent studies, visual assessment of the cervical vertebral column and cephalometric analysis of the craniofacial ...
Fujimori Takahito - - 2010
With increasing use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), underlying syringomyelia is increasingly found in patients with presumed idiopathic scoliosis. To determine the indications for MRI in the differential diagnosis of scoliosis, several clinical characteristics of syringomyelia have been reported. Neurological signs, particularly abnormal superficial abdominal reflex (SAR), are important in ...
Qiu Yong - - 2010
The development of scoliosis in animal models with induced asymmetric rib growth suggested the possible role of asymmetric rib growth in the etiopathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Asymmetric rib length is well recognized in idiopathic scoliosis, however, whether this rib asymmetry was primary or secondary has not been clearly ...
Bollini Gerard - - 2010
Numerous congenital abnormalities have been reported in association with hemivertebrae (HV). No data exist about their incidence depending on the location of the HV. From 1980 to 2003, 75 patients with 80 HV responsible for evolutive congenital scoliosis were managed by HV resection using a double approach and short anterior ...
Miloglu O - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the frequency and pattern of bifid mandibular condyles (BMCs). A retrospective study was performed using panoramic radiographs from 10 200 patients undergoing dental treatment in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (Erzurum, Turkey) between 1996 and 2008. Of the 10 200 ...
Rajasekaran S - - 2010
The association of intraspinal neural anomalies with scoliosis is known for more than six decades. However, there are no studies documenting the incidence of association of intraspinal anomalies in scoliotic patients in the Indian population. The guide lines to obtain an magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan to rule out neuro-axial ...
Saleem Taimur - - 2010
Ectopic eruption of teeth in non-dental sites is a rare phenomenon and can present in a variety of ways such as chronic or recurrent sinusitis, sepsis, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, headaches, ostiomeatal complex disease and facial numbness. However, presentation of such patients with recurrent haemoptysis has not been described in the ...
Dogruman-Al Funda - - 2010
This study compared diagnostic methods for identifying Blastocystis in stool samples, and evaluated the frequency of detection of Blastocystis in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). From a set of 105 stool specimens submitted for routine parasitological analysis, 30 were identified as positive for Blastocystis ...
Gou Y Z - - 2010
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the diagnostic value of ultrasound elastography for evaluating liver stiffness measurement (LSM) in 74 patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, treated with telbivudine (22 with chronic HBV infection, 32 with compensated cirrhosis and 20 with decompensated cirrhosis). Each patient underwent ...
Steffen Jean-Sebastien - - 2010
Relevance of posture assessment has been reported in case of spine disorders. This study explores the interest in quantifying posture using 3D reconstruction from biplanar X-rays in free standing position and a force plate. 93 patients consulting for spine disorders were divided ('3D deformity', 'sagittal imbalance' and 'mild deformity') and ...
Oh Hee Soo - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Orthodontists rely on esthetic judgments from facial photographs. Concordance between estimates of facial attractiveness made from lateral cephalograms and those made from clinical photographs has not been determined. We conducted a preliminary examination to correlate clinicians' rankings of facial attractiveness from standardized end-of-treatment facial photographs (Photo Attractiveness Rank) with ...
Oh Hee Soo - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Orthodontists rely on esthetic judgments from facial photographs. Concordance between estimates of facial attractiveness made from lateral cephalograms and those made from clinical photographs has not been determined. We conducted a preliminary examination to correlate clinicians' rankings of facial attractiveness from standardized end-of-treatment facial photographs (Photo Attractiveness Rank) with ...
Alves Vera Lúcia dos Santos - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical prospective, random study. OBJECTIVE: Analyze the results of the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although it is widely believed that Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) causes cardiorespiratory dysfunctions, there is no report in literature of objective measurements of this ...
Kwon Jong Kyu - - 2009
Atlantal arch defects are rare. Few cadaveric and imaging studies have been reported on the variations of such anomalies. Our goal in this study was to examine the incidence and review the clinical implications of this anomaly. A retrospective review of 1,153 neck or cervical spine computed tomography (CT) scans ...
Oh In-Soo - - 2009
Multiple aspergillus spondylitis (AS) is a life threatening infection that occurs more commonly in immunocompromised patients, and is commonly treated with antifungal agents. However, there is relatively little information available on the treatment of multiple AS. The authors encountered a 46-year-old man suffering from low back and neck pain with ...
Kasimatis Georgios B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Although the literature on degenerative disease of the cervical spine contains numerous articles studying the changes on levels adjacent to a fusion, there exist very few such studies concerning cervical spine stabilization for trauma. METHODS: Over a 16-year period (1989-2005), one hundred and twelve patients underwent stabilization of the ...
Pelosin Elisa - - 2009
Patients with focal dystonia exhibit proprioception abnormalities that can lead to kinematic deficits. Proprioceptive abnormalities are present in both symptomatic and asymptomatic body parts of dystonic patients. To ascertain whether in patients with idiopathic cervical dystonia (CD) movements performed with nondystonic segments display kinematic abnormalities, we studied trajectory formation of ...
Ba?kan Bedriye Mermerci - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to compare two radiographic scoring methods (the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Score (mSASSS) and the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Radiology Index-spine (BASRI-spine)) in terms of reliability, construct validity, and feasibility in Turkish ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. The study involved seventy-four patients. The patients ...
Zimerman Ariel L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy and reproducibility of intrapartum translabial 3-dimensional (3D) ultrasonographic measurements of cervical dilatation during labor. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. Three-dimensional ultrasonographic volume data sets from 52 patients were collected during labor and stored. Later, all volumes were ...
Xie Yang - - 2009
From January 1999 to May 2005, 25 patients (15 males and 10 females; age range, 18-70 years; mean, 42 years) who demonstrated clinical and radiographic evidence of atlantoaxial instability underwent C1 lateral mass and C2 pedicle screw internal fixation with or without fusion at our Orthopedic Unit. The cause of ...
Samy Mohamed Ahmed - - 2009
To evaluate the effect of a vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) on shoulder balance in patients with congenital scoliosis. Fifteen patients had a thoracic congenital scoliosis. The Cobb angles of the thoracic primary curves were measured. Preoperative measurements of the coracoid height difference (CHD; expressed in millimeters) and the ...
Handler Marc Z - - 2009
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital erythroid aplasia or hypoplasia presenting in infancy as a macrocytic anemia. It has been linked to a gene defect resulting in the absence of specific ribosomal proteins that enable erythroid maturation. Treacher Collins syndrome is also associated with defective ribosomal biogenesis. Fifty percent of ...
Mirza Fadi G - - 2010
We investigated whether the presence of symptoms predicts the timing of subsequent spontaneous preterm birth in a cohort of women with cervical length (CL) <1.5 cm. A retrospective cohort study was conducted that included patients from 23 to 28 weeks' gestation with a CL <1.5 cm on routine ultrasound. Two ...
Nakamura Yutaka - - 2009
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The prevalence of scoliosis in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is high; however, the prevalence of PWS is rare, with one person in 10,000 to 20,000 affected. The etiology and characteristics of scoliosis associated with PWS remain unidentified. In addition, it is believed that the speedup of growth associated with ...
Chen Elliott H - - 2009
Craniofacial microsomia is one of the most common and well-characterized craniofacial anomalies. Tongue dysmorphism, however, has been neither thoroughly investigated nor reported in the context of this disease. This review focuses on the true prevalence of tongue dysmorphology in craniofacial microsomia and its relation to the deformities seen in this ...
Chen Zhen-Qi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the sagittal maxillary growth during mixed and permanent dentition in patients with unoperated isolated cleft palate. PATIENTS: A total of 41 patients with nonsyndromic unoperated isolated cleft palate, 16 with mixed dentition and 25 with permanent dentition. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cephalograms were analyzed to compare these patients ...
Gracco Antonio - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test the null hypothesis that there are no correlations between the morphology of the upper jaw, the position of the upper incisors, and facial type. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a sample of 191 patients, the FMA angle was used to select 20 short face type, 20 norm face ...
Kishiya Masaki - - 2009
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is an ectopic bone formation in the ligament tissue of the spine, causing myelopathy as a result of chronic pressure on the spinal cord and nerve roots. It has been further categorized into 4 types, that is, segmental, continuous, ...
Martelli-Junior Hercílio - - 2009
Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of craniofacial development. Major features include midface hypoplasia, micrognathia, microtia, conductive hearing loss, and cleft palate. The present study is on the orofacial features of 7 Brazilian patients with sporadic TCS aged 4 to 38 years. All patients presented the ...
Yaman Aylin - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate ocular findings in children with nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate. Fifty-seven consecutive patients with cleft lip and/or palate seeking orthodontic treatment during 2006 were examined prospectively from an ophthalmological standpoint. Mean age of the patients was 9.2 years (range: 15 days to ...
Al-Jundi S H - - 2009
Hypophosphataemic vitamin-D-resistant rickets (HVDRR) is a hereditary disease mainly transmitted as an X-linked dominant trait and characterized by certain general clinical signs (Filho HM, de Castro LC, Damiani D. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2006;50:802). In literature, only one study had been published in 1965 on the cephalometric findings in patients ...
Kirzio─člu Z - - 2009
AIM: To assess the prevalence and type of dens invaginatus in anterior teeth of a selected population and to report associated dental complications. METHODOLOGY: The records of patients examined in the Department of Paedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey between 1999 and 2006 were screened and a ...
Lee Choon Sung - - 2009
The incidence of adjacent segment problems after lumbar fusion has been found to vary, and risk factors for these problems have not been precisely verified, especially based on structural changes determined by magnetic resonance imaging. The purpose of this retrospective clinical study was to describe the incidence and clinical features ...
Koletsis Despina D - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to propose a growth-based structural superimposition method for assessment of cervical vertebral fusion and evaluate variations and abnormalities of the upper cervical vertebrae. Standardized lateral cephalograms of 156 patients (69 males and 87 females, age range 6-20 years), representing a skeletally heterogeneous orthodontic population, ...
Matsumoto Mariza A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate comparatively the DNA damage (micronucleus) and cellular death (pyknosis, karyolysis and karyorrhexis) in exfoliated oral mucosa cells from chronic denture stomatitis patients and healthy controls. Over the course of ageing, individuals may develop many diseases such as denture stomatitis. A total of ...
Kim Keun Su - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pattern of disc herniation and to investigate the associated symptoms in cases of isthmic spondylolisthesis. It is well known that the pathogenesis of degenerative spondylolisthesis associates with disc degeneration, followed by facet laxity and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy, which result in ...
Verra Wiebe C - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study of spinal roentgenograms of a large cohort of patients suffering from osteogenesis imperfecta. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of vertebral pars defects (spondylolysis) in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients suffering from osteogenesis imperfecta are known to be prone to ...
Gottfried Oren N - - 2009
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Fixed sagittal imbalance (FSI) may result from loss of adequate lumbar lordosis (LL) after spinal fusion. Pelvic incidence (PI) is a fixed anatomical parameter that determines LL and overall spinal sagittal alignment. PURPOSE: We describe the spinopelvic parameters in a series of patients with postfusion FSI. We hypothesize ...
Rimar Doron - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Kikuchi Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a rare, benign disorder, usually characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy. Most available data on KFD has come from the Far East. We examined the characteristics of KFD in Israel. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the records of all patients diagnosed as KFD in seven medical ...
Reiter Rudolf - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of ventilation tubes (VTs) on the formation of cholesteatoma and hearing in operated cleft palate patients with chronic ear problems. DESIGN: Retrospective 72-month follow-up of 116 operated cleft palate patients. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Demographic data, clinical examination, and hearing were evaluated. The patients were divided ...
Iizuka Haku - - 2009
This study investigated the bony ankylosis of the upper cervical spine facet joints in patients with a cervical spine involvement due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using computed tomography (CT) and then examined the characteristics of the patients showing such ankylosis. Forty-six consecutive patients who underwent surgical treatment for RA involving ...
Ahmed Hina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with Non-Carious Cervical Lesions (NCCLs) and the teeth most commonly involved in such lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Operative Dentistry, Section of Dentistry at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from December 2005 to January 2006. METHODOLOGY: A ...
Guion-Almeida Maria Leine - - 2009
Here we report on 10 male patients with frontonasal dysplasia, cleft lip/palate, mental retardation, lack of language acquisition, and severe central nervous system involvement. Imaging studies disclosed absence of the corpus callosum, midline cysts, and an abnormally modeled cerebellum. Neuronal heterotopias were present in five patients and parieto-occipital encephalocele in ...
Logroscino C A - - 2009
We present a retrospective study on a series composed of 50 patients, treated between 1992 and 2006, affected by pathologies of the craniocervical junction. All the patients were treated using an innovative procedure based on a cranial claw made up of low profile hooks, conceived by one of the authors. ...
Unsal Tuna Evrim E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated the functional and aesthetic results in new lip formation using modified Bernard reconstruction technique after tumour excision in lower lip cancers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 47 patients. All were operated due to lower labial squamous cell carcinoma and underwent defect reconstruction using ...
Maruyama Koji - - 2009
The objective of this retrospective study was to analyze the relationship between the type of destructive spondyloarthropathy (DSA) and its 10 years ago cervical spine alignment. DSA was reported as a serious complication of long-term hemodialysis. Although previous reports in regard to risk factor of DSA dealt with the period ...
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