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Kennelly S P - - 2011
Nilvadipine may lower rates of conversion from mild-cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's disease (AD), in hypertensive patients. However, it remains to be determined whether treatment with nilvadipine is safe in AD patients, given the higher incidence of orthostatic hypotension (OH) in this population, who may be more likely to suffer from ...
Osailan S - - 2011
Mucosal wetness (MW) reflects the layer of residual saliva that covers the oral mucosal surfaces. The aim of this study was to determine MW at different oral mucosa sites and to investigate the relationship between MW, unstimulated whole salivary flow rates (UWS) and Clinical Oral Dryness Score (CODS). A total ...
Helgadottir Harpa - - 2010
Controlled laboratory study using a cross-sectional design. To investigate whether there is a pattern of altered scapular orientation during arm elevation in patients with insidious onset neck pain (IONP) and whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) compared to asymptomatic people. Altered activity in the axioscapular muscles and impairments in scapular orientation are considered ...
Jang Jennifer H - - 2011
To re-examine the patterns of radiographic involvement in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). This prospective study had institutional review board approval, and 769 patients with AS (556 men, 213 women; mean age, 47.1 years; age range, 18-87 years) provided written informed consent. Radiographs of the cervical spine, lumbar spine, pelvis, and hips ...
Yamada Kentaro - - 2011
We performed microscopic lumbar foraminotomy in all the patients diagnosed with degenerative lumbar foraminal stenosis (DLFS) and retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcomes and the factors influencing them. The preoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score of 13.8 significantly improved to 21.9 postoperatively. Although leg pain reduced in 44 patients (95.7%) immediately ...
Stoiber Eva Maria - - 2011
To evaluate local positioning errors of the lumbar spine during fractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy of patients treated with craniospinal irradiation and to assess the impact of rotational error correction on these uncertainties for one patient setup correction strategy. 8 patients (6 adults, 2 children) treated with helical tomotherapy for craniospinal irradiation ...
Akyol Sibel - - 2010
Lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD) is a common disease of advanced age characterized by progressive changes in the intervertebral disc and associated structures. There have been great efforts for years to explain its pathophysiological mechanism(s). This study aims to provide cytokine profile and in addition to the lymphocytes in a ...
Celikoglu Mevlut - - 2010
The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of tooth agenesis and the associated skeletal morphology and arch widths in a group of Turkish patients seeking orthodontic treatment. We designed a retrospective study composed of pre- and post-treatment panoramic radiographs and lateral cephalometric films of 3,341 ...
Schotanus Maaike - - 2010
Prospective single cohort study. To analyze the incidence, associated injuries, treatment outcomes and associated adverse events of isolated transverse process fractures (TPFs) of the subaxial cervical spine in a high-energy blunt trauma population. Currently, TPFs of the subaxial cervical spine are considered to be clinically insignificant. However, this hypothesis is ...
He Qing - - 2010
Autism is a severe developmental disorder whose neurological basis is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to identify the shape differences of the corpus callosum between patients with autism and control subjects. Anatomical landmarks were collected from midsagittal magnetic resonance images of 25 patients and 18 controls. Euclidean ...
Lipira Angelo B - - 2011
Objective : To compare videonasendoscopy, lateral videofluoroscopy, and perceptual speech examination in the assessment of velopharyngeal dysfunction. Design : Retrospective observational. Setting : Multidisciplinary cleft palate team at a tertiary academic institution. Patients, Participants : Patients who had undergone videonasendoscopy and lateral videofluoroscopy for suspected velopharyngeal dysfunction at our center ...
Rawashdeh Ma'amon A - - 2011
To assess the colonization rate of oral Candida species and the influence of age, gender, oral health status, number of surgeries, and type of cleft. A prospective study of 60 patients with cleft and 60 control subjects was carried out at the Cleft Centre at King Abdullah University Hospital and ...
Evangelista Karine - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the presence of alveolar defects (dehiscence and fenestration) in patients with Class I and Class II Division 1 malocclusions and different facial types. METHODS: Seventy-nine Class I and 80 Class II patients with no previous orthodontic treatment were evaluated using cone-beam ...
Evangelista Karine - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the presence of alveolar defects (dehiscence and fenestration) in patients with Class I and Class II Division 1 malocclusions and different facial types. METHODS: Cone-beam computed tomography records of 79 patients with Class I and 80 patients with Class II Division ...
Clock Charlotte A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine whether dynamic cervical change in symptomatic patients with a normal baseline cervical length (CL; >or=30 mm) is predictive of preterm delivery (PTD). A prospective observational study was performed in 120 symptomatic patients between 23 and 34 weeks' gestation. Patients underwent standardized CL ...
Xue Steve An - - 2011
To compare the vocal tract configuration between male speakers with Class III malocclusion and their normally developing counterparts and to investigate the concomitant acoustic changes caused by the alterations in vocal tract configuration. Eight young male patients with Class III malocclusion and 8 normally developing counterparts participated in this study. ...
Tan Stephan P K - - 2011
Tooth agenesis is the most common dental anomaly. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify common patterns of tooth agenesis in a sample of 92 patients (55 females and 37 males; mean age 27.7 years) with non-syndromic severe hypodontia. The Tooth Agenesis Code (TAC) procedure was used for ...
Bruyneel A-V - - 2010
The dynamics behavior of patients with idiopathic scoliosis obviously requires some biomechanical compensatory strategies. Our objective is to analyze the ground reaction forces (GRF) exerted during gait initiation in order to determine the dynamic consequences of idiopathic scoliosis. Ten adolescent girls suffering from idiopathic scoliosis with a right thoracic curvature ...
Mendoza-Lattes Sergio - - 2010
Cross-sectional study and systematic review of the literature. Describe the natural history of spinopelvic alignment parameters and their behavior in patients with degenerative spinal deformity. Normal stance and gait requires congruence between the spine-sacrum and pelvis-lower extremities. This is determined by the pelvic incidence (PI), and 2 positional parameters, the ...
Sekhon P S - - 2011
Objective : To document the frequency and nature of associated anomalies in cleft lip and/or palate patients from a craniofacial center in India. Setting : Craniofacial Surgery & Research Centre, SDM College of Dental Sciences & Hospital, Dharwad, India. Patients/Participants : A total of 1623 consecutive patients with cleft lip ...
Acikbas Sabri Cem - - 2010
AIM: The authors compared the incidence of radiologically documented and/or symptomatic adjacent segment degeneration in and between patients who underwent anterior or posterior single-level, simple discectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 79 patients were clinically and radiologically examined for adjacent segment degeneration (ASD). The results were compared to evaluate which approach was ...
Meyer-Marcotty Philipp - - 2011
Although there is principal agreement that increased facial asymmetry is associated with decreased facial attractiveness, there are no studies analysing face perception in patients with a unilateral cleft lip and palate (CLP) (uCLP) compared to orthognathic Class III patients. To this end, three-dimensional (3D) data on the faces of 30 ...
Sekijima Yoshiki - - 2010
Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition disease is one of the most common forms of crystal-associated arthropathy in the elderly. However, CPPD deposition on the cervical spine is less well known, and only a limited number of cases have been reported to date. Here, we report our recent clinical experience ...
Pruthi Nupur - - 2010
Intraspinal lipomas are commonly seen in the lumbosacral area. A cervical and thoracic location is very rarely encountered. Management of these lesions is still controversial. We report a series of 8 such patients, who were surgically managed at our institute. All the patients were adults (mean age-34 years). Subcutaneous lipomas ...
Ronchi P - - 2010
This study evaluates the effectiveness of maxillo-mandibular advancement (MMA) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), even those without skeletal anomalies, indicating the possibility of extending this procedure to more patients. Two groups with different skeletal patterns were studied pre- and post-surgery. Group 1 (11 patients) had severe or ...
Whittle D O - - 2010
Helicobacter pylori infection remains a common problem and previous studies in the Caribbean revealed infection in over 50% of patients undergoing upper endoscopy. The present study determined the prevalence of H pylori infection in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in the Turks and Caicos Islands over a two- year interval. ...
Noleto José Wilson - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the thickness of the mandibular ramus in patients with mandibular prognathism and retrognathia, as well as to assess the distribution of cancellous bone between the external and internal cortical plates above and posterior to the lingula. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Schouman Thomas - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the morphologic outcome after total maxillary setback osteotomy (TMSO) in dentofacial Class II deformity patients with marked upper jaw prognathism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The assessments of 9 patients before and after TMSO were compared. The evaluation was based upon x-ray superimpositions and standardized photographic comparison. TMSO was ...
Wang Shenglin - - 2010
Patients with Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) have congenital fusions of at least 1 cervical motion segment, and often present with compensatory hypermobility or symptomatic stenosis of the cranio-vertebral junction which requires occipitocervical reconstruction and fusion. One subgroup of KFS patients in which this is particularly common is those with isolated C2-3 ...
Drevelle X - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: The mechanisms of idiopathic scoliosis progression were investigated through a patient-specific numerical model. OBJECTIVE: To explore the combined effect of gravity, the decrease of intervertebral discs' stiffness and the anterior spinal growth on scoliosis progression, by using a numerical simulation, to better understand mechanisms of scoliosis progression. SUMMARY ...
Smith Zachary A - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: Radiographic study. OBJECTIVE: More detailed anatomical knowledge of the C2 pedicle is required to optimize and minimize the risk of screw placement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the linear and angular dimensions of the true C2 pedicle using axial computed tomography. BACKGROUND DATA: Although earlier ...
Habibi Ataollah - - 2010
Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) is a hereditary autosomal dominant disorder with a wide range of clinical signs and symptoms. The major criteria are more than two basal cell carcinoma, keratocystic odontogenic tumor, three or more palmar pits, and calcification of the falx cerebri, spine and rib anomalies, and ...
Karamouzian Saeid - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: This study measured the frequency of lumbar intervertebral disc nucleus pulposus microscopic calcification and angiogenesis in adult patients undergoing discectomy compared to normal cadavers. OBJECTIVE: The results were compared to determine the relationship between disc microscopic calcification with disc degeneration type, histopathological angiogenesis, patients' age, gender, and duration ...
Kieran Stephen M - - 2010
Laryngeal clefts are uncommon congenital anomalies that may cause pulmonary aspiration, leading to considerable morbidity including recurrent pneumonias. The lipid laden macrophage index (LLMI) is a potential marker of pulmonary aspiration. The objective of this study was to assess the utility of the lipid laden macrophage index as a marker ...
Abdel-Aziz Doa'a Hamed - - 2011
This study researches the efficacy and safety of pegylated interferon alpha-2a (pegIFNα-2a) in Egyptian children and adolescents diagnosed with hepatitis C virus. Thirty patients were enrolled to receive pegIFN once a week with ribavirin twice daily for 12 weeks; viral load and experienced adverse effects were then assessed. Of the ...
Abul-Kasim Kasim - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine if the curve length, curve form, and location of the lower-end vertebra can identify the type of scoliosis. METHODS: Standing posteroanterior and lateral radiographs of 78 women and 27 men with scoliosis aged 8 to 32 years were retrospectively analysed. Parameters measured were (1) the curve length ...
Marshman Laurence A G - - 2010
OBJECT: Modic changes (MCs) and high-intensity zones (HIZs) potentially serve as variably sensitive markers for discogenic chronic low-back pain (CLBP). No study has hitherto assessed the phenomenon of MC-HIZ coexistence at a single level, and the goal in this study was to assess the nature and frequency of this phenomenon. ...
Upendra Bidre - - 2010
The key to the safe and effective use of thoracic pedicle screws in the deformed spine is to thoroughly understand pedicle anatomy. There are a few studies related to pedicle anatomy in the Indian population and no pedicle morphometric studies in scoliosis patients. The present study aims to highlight the ...
Pandie Zaahid Z Department of Emergency Medicine, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Ipswich Road, Wolloongabba, Brisbane, Queensland 4102, - - 2010
Paediatric patients with suspected cervical spine injury (CSI) are routinely immobilised on a firm surface using a hard collar, which results in excessive flexion of the cervical spine due to the relatively large size of the occiput. The objective of this study was to determine whether the use of a ...
Szabó Nóra - - 2010
The epidemiology and clinical spectrum of schizencephaly in south-eastern Hungary have been surveyed in a retrospective population-based study. A total of 10 patients (6 boys and 4 girls) were found with schizencephaly among 185 486 live births in a period of 14 years (July 1, 1992 to June 30, 2006), ...
Govani Shail M SM University of Michigan, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of General Medicine, United - - 2010
Allopurinol has been presented as a safe and effective adjunct to thiopurine therapy in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to determine the rate of infectious complications and clinical successes with a combination of thiopurine/allopurinol in IBD, and to identify which variables predict 6-thioguanine, 6-methylmercaptopurine, and white blood cell levels. ...
Chikuda Hirotaka - - 2010
A retrospective study was performed to determine the sensitivities of the pyramidal signs in patients with cervical myelopathy, focusing on those with increased signal intensity (ISI) in T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The relationship between prevalence of the pyramidal signs and the severity of myelopathy was investigated. We reviewed the ...
Akyurek Mustafa - - 2010
Y-scar vertical mammaplasty is a technical modification of vertical scar breast reduction, which avoids superior areolar scarring. It has been previously shown to be particularly useful in young patients with mild macromastia and minimal or no ptosis. This case report presents a new indication for which to apply this technical ...
Abul-Kasim Kasim - - 2010
To our knowledge, the assessment of dural sac diameters in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is not reported in the literature. The aim of this study was to find out if, dural ectasia occurs more frequently among patients with AIS, to define cut-off values for dural sac ratio and ...
Macdonald-Jankowski D S - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and conventional radiological features of a consecutive series of cases of "keratocystic odontogenic tumour" (KCOT) affecting a Hong Kong Chinese community and to determine their outcome by follow-up. All cases were accompanied by appropriate radiography and were histopathologically confirmed. 33 ...
Lu Da-wei - - 2010
To compare the asymmetry displayed by Chinese patients with nonsyndromic cleft palate (NSCP), their unaffected parents, and a control population. With rigorous inclusion criteria, a total number of 675 individuals with NSCP, 675 parental pairs of these patients, and 650 control individuals were involved in this case-control study. Size-adjusted fluctuating ...
Tagliani Marcela Martini - - 2010
To evaluate the oral features in individuals with oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1 (OFD 1), previously diagnosed by the Genetic Sector of the Hospital of Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies of the University of São Paulo (HRAC-USP). Twelve patients with OFD 1 were examined clinically and radiographically; their medical files were also ...
Savvateeva Daria M - - 2010
CONCLUSION: Preoperative imaging is important, because of the small size of the cribriform plate, different anatomical variants of the olfactory fossa in varied patients and unequal width of the cribriform plate in the anterior and posterior third. OBJECTIVE: Digital volume tomography (DVT) is a rather new imaging technique for the ...
Lehto Erja M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to evaluate the clinical picture of rheumatoid patients with anterior atlantoaxial subluxation (aAAS), atlantoaxial impaction (AAI) or their combination. PATIENTS: There were 156 patients. aAAS was diagnosed from standard lateral-view cervical spine radiographs during flexion. AAI was diagnosed from radiographs by the Sakaguchi-Kauppi ...
Bartzela Theodosia N - - 2010
Individuals with cleft lip and palate present significantly more dental anomalies, even outside the cleft area, than do individuals without clefts. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of tooth agenesis and patterns of hypodontia in a large sample of patients with complete bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP). Serial ...
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