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Results 101 - 150 of 1060
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Wong Cheuk Kei Kathy - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To review and compare initial high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings in patients with metapneumovirus pneumonia and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-Coronovirus). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 4 cases of metapneumovirus pneumonia (mean age of 52.3years) in an institutional outbreak (Castle Peak Hospital) in 2008 and 38 cases of SARS-coronovirus (mean ...
Chowdhary Anuradha A Department of Medical Mycology, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, Delhi, India. - - 2011
Allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis (ABPM) is a worldwide hypersensitivity lung disease of multiple etiologies with Aspergillus fumigatus as the most common etiologic agent. We report the first instance of Bipolaris hawaiiensis causing ABPM in a paediatric patient. A six-year-old girl presented in June 2009 with productive cough, exertional dyspnoea, occasional wheezing, ...
Calderaro Adriana - - 2011
Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a multisystemic disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex transmitted to humans by Ixodes ticks and whose epidemiology is poorly investigated in Europe. In this study an epidemiologic survey on the prevalence of the causative agent of such infectious disease was performed in the area ...
Ferreira-Filho Sebastiao Rodrigues - - 2011
To determine the prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar (Eh/Ed) in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients, we collected 330 samples of feces from 110 patients, and nine indivi-duals were found to be positive for Eh/Ed. We compared the infected patients with a group of 14 uninfected HD patients. Both groups were analyzed ...
Hasegawa Shunji - - 2011
PURPOSE: Since April 2009, the number of patients with 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus infection has been increasing in Japan just as in the rest of the world. Patients with 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza-associated encephalopathy (pIE) have also been reported. The common clinical symptoms of this condition are seizures and ...
Palmisano Alessandra - - 2011
Fungal spondylodiscitis is often because of Candida albicans or other common Candida species, whereas unusual strains such as Candida sake are often thought to be nonpathogenic. To report the first case of spondylodiscitis caused by C sake and its outcome after antimycotic therapy; as the disease occurred in a patient ...
Kim Tae-Hyoung - - 2011
We aimed to investigate the detection of nanobacteria (NB) from expressed prostatic secretions (EPS) in patients with category III chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) and from vaginal swabs in patients with vaginitis by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and to evaluate the association between NB and Neisseria gonorrhea, ...
Lal Ashutosh - - 2011
Early diagnosis during newborn screening or infancy has enabled the observation of the natural history of hemoglobin H disease, a subtype of α-thalassemia. We analyzed longitudinal clinical data for patients with hemoglobin H disease arising from the deletion of three of four α-globin genes (HbH) and from hemoglobin H Constant ...
Zhang Shenghong - - 2011
Based on 16S rRNA gene PCR, no significant difference was observed in rates of detection of Helicobacter species in intestinal biopsy specimens from 160 Chinese inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients (10%) and 80 controls (6.3%). By using a [(13)C]urea breath test, the H. pylori infection rate in 208 Chinese IBD ...
Tong Hua-Sheng - - 2011
Background The aim of this study was to test if Procalcitonin PCT value at the time of admission is a predictor of mortality and/or a diagnostic marker of concomitant infection in exertional heatstroke. Methods 68 patients with exertional heatstroke admitted to the multidisciplinary intensive care unit were studied. Serum PCT ...
Vanura Katrina - - 2011
There is increasing evidence for the role of chronic antigenic stimulation (CS) in the development of cancer. Clinical data, however, are rare as is the information on outcome. In this study, the occurrence of chronic infections (CI) and autoimmune diseases (AI) in patients with malignant lymphoma at diagnosis was assessed. ...
Downey Brian C - - 2011
Background: Pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator device infections are feared complications. The finding of a lead-associated mass on transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) raises concern for endocarditis. However, the incidence and clinical importance of lead masses is not currently known. Methods: Consecutive patients with transvenous leads undergoing TEE from July 1, 2003, to ...
Stolic Radojica V - - 2011
Purpose: Since the type of vascular access is very important and a significant risk factor for mortality in patients on hemodialysis, the aim of our study was to determine the impact of AVF positioning on the mortality of our patients. Methods: The survey was organized as a prospective, clinical and ...
Gosla-Reddy Srinivas - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess and compare nasal symmetry in patients who underwent correction of a complete unilateral cleft lip using the Afroze incision without and with primary septoplasty using a standardized two-dimensional photographic analysis. A prospective cohort study of 190 consecutive patients with complete unilateral cleft ...
Altay Mustafa - - 2011
Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection occurs worldwide and can be reactivated from latency during periods of immunosuppression, especially after organ transplantation. No previous study has evaluated the influence of dialysis type on HHV-6 infection. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of HHV-6 antibodies in hemodialysis ...
Alvarado-Esquivel Cosme - - 2011
There are conflicting reports concerning the association of Toxoplasma gondii infection and schizophrenia in humans. Therefore, we determined such association in a Mexican population of Mestizo ethnicity. Through a case-control study design, 50 schizophrenic patients and 150 control subjects matched by gender, age, residence place, and ethnicity were examined with ...
Choi Kyoung Hwa - - 2011
Abstract Background: Pulmonary cryptococcosis is occasionally detected on routine imaging studies in healthy hosts with no or mild symptoms. Isolated pulmonary cryptococcosis may be observed without specific therapy in asymptomatic immunocompetent hosts. However, considering that dissemination from a pulmonary infection can occur in patients with no immunologic defects, treatment of ...
Gijsbers Cfm - - 2011
Aim:  To investigate the clinical and laboratory findings in children with recurrent abdominal pain (RAP). Methods:  Consecutive patients with RAP (Apley criteria), age 4-16 years, referred to a secondary medical centre were evaluated by a standardized history, physical examination and laboratory tests. The tests encompassed Helicobacter pylori (Hp), gastrointestinal bacterial ...
Kim Byoung Jae - - 2011
To determine the frequency and clinical significance of oligohydramnios in patients with preterm labor and intact membranes. An amniotic fluid index (AFI) was determined before amniocentesis (<24 h) in 272 patients with preterm labor and intact membranes (<35 weeks of gestation). Amniotic fluid (AF) was cultured for aerobic and anaerobic ...
Hinz T - - 2011
Factors favoring the emergence of eczema herpeticum (EH) in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) remain elusive. The aim of this work was to identify changes in clinical and laboratory parameters in acute EH patients, before and after 6 weeks of treatment, as well as differences between AD patients with and ...
van Burgel N D - - 2011
Clin Microbiol Infect ABSTRACT: Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) is a serious but treatable disease. The diagnosis of LNB poses a challenge to clinicians, and improved tests are needed. The C6-peptide ELISA is frequently used on serum but not on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Data on the sensitivity of the C6-peptide ELISA in ...
Ikeda Katsuhisa - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Co-mobidity of asthma is known to result in a poor prognosis of post-endoscopic sinus surgery (post-ESS). Bacterial infection may play a key role in recurrent pathophysiology of sinusitis in post-ESS. METHODS: Forty-two patients with CRS associated with asthma undergoing ESS were enrolled. Bacterial culture was performed from the sinus ...
Yashoda-Devi B-R-K - - 2011
This paper presents a case of the moderate form of Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 (LAD-1) in a 4 year-old boy. LAD-1 is a rare, inherited immunodeficiency that affects 1 in 1 million people yearly. Affected patients are susceptible to recurrent bacterial and fungal infections, impaired pus formation and delayed ...
Rao Sriharsha - - 2011
Abstract Oral vancomycin is utilized in the treatment of severe Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). We prospectively measured serum vancomycin concentrations (SVC) in patients treated with oral vancomycin. The SVC was measured by immunoassay prior to, and at least 3 days after, the administration of oral vancomycin 125 mg every 6 ...
Oliveira F F - - 2011
To establish whether vascular aphasic syndromes can predict stroke outcomes. Thirty-seven adults were evaluated for speech and language within 72 hours after a single first-ever ischemic brain lesion, in blind association to CT and/or MR. Speech or language disabilities were found in seven (87.5%) of the eight deceased patients and ...
Wise D Miller - - 2011
Although patients with rheumatoid arthritis taking disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are monitored for various medication adverse events, DMARDs, and leflunomide in particular, have effects that are not observed clinically, specifically adverse effects on wound healing.
Hatakeyama Shingo - - 2011
Although the characteristics and safety of radiocontrast media in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are not yet well defined, their use in PD patients is considered generally safe. In this study, we evaluated clearance and adverse events of iopamidol in PD patients. We measured the iopamidol concentration in the plasma, dialysate, ...
Saito Hideo - - 2011
Adverse effects of intravenous acetazolamide administration for evaluation of cerebrovascular reactivity using brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were prospectively investigated in 100 patients with major cerebral artery, atherosclerotic, and steno-occlusive diseases. All patients underwent two SPECT studies (with and without acetazolamide challenge) at an interval of 2 or ...
Kasztelan-Szczerbinska B - - 2011
To assess the prevalence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in asymptomatic patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis. Patients (pts) with symptoms of decompensation of liver cirrhosis, ascites, and no signs indicating SBP were included to our study. Exclusion criteria include: 1/ clinical symptoms of infection, 2/ developing de novo or worsening ...
Ryan Daniel P - - 2011
This study aim was to review outcomes of pediatric patients after restorative proctocolectomy with or without a protective ileostomy in the treatment of ulcerative colitis and polyposis syndromes. All patients who underwent rectal mucosectomy with ileal pouch reservoir and hand-sewn ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) during 19-year period were reviewed ...
Chrysohoou Christina - - 2011
Right ventricular (RV) systolic function has been recognized as a prognostic factor in endstage heart failure (HF) patients and in the present study we evaluated the effect of this dysfunction on prognosis in patients with newly-diagnosed systolic HF. We enrolled 180 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed systolic HF (ischemic or ...
Saxena Arjun - - 2011
Surgery may often be needed for treatment of patients with a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). This study intended to evaluate the incidence of abnormal coagulation and determine the efficacy of treatment of reversing a coagulation abnormality in patients with PJI. The cohort included 294 patients undergoing treatment of PJI at ...
Maia Naiara Gonçalves - - 2011
To characterize the craniofacial features of patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA). Fifty patients with SCA in the north of Minas Gerais, Brazil, were evaluated using standardized photographs (front and profile) for a subjective facial analysis and digital radiographs for a computerized cephalometric analysis. To obtain linear and angular measurements, ...
Honda Junko - - 2011
Background. Joint symptoms (JSs) are problematic adverse drug reactions (ADRs) of aromatase inhibitors (AIs). Involvement of decreased serum estradiol (SE) has been suggested. Patients and Methods. 104 postmenopausal breast cancer patients administered an AI were prospectively investigated regarding various clinical parameters, JS and hot flashes as ADRs, and the SE ...
Taşbaş Ozgür - - 2011
The C677T and A1298C polymorphisms of methylenetatrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene are reported to have a relationship to methotrexate (MTX) metabolism, with conflicting results. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of MTHFR C677 T and A1298C gene polymorphisms in a group of Turkish RA patients and evaluate ...
Tani Tomoko - - 2011
To prospectively evaluate the relationship between left atrial volume (LAV) and the risk of clinical events in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We enrolled a total of 141 HCM patients with sinus rhythm and normal pump function, and 102 patients (73 men; mean age, 61±13 years) who met inclusion criteria ...
Haghikia Aiden - - 2011
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is an opportunistic central nervous system- (CNS-) infection that typically occurs in a subset of immunocompromised individuals. An increasing incidence of PML has recently been reported in patients receiving monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy for the treatment of autoimmune diseases, particularly those treated with natalizumab, efalizumab and ...
Inagaki Emi - - 2011
To report the clinical features and investigate the underlying pathological processes of spontaneous corneal perforation in patients with ocular chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). A full ophthalmological evaluation of corneal perforation in four patients with cGVHD was performed. Three of them underwent deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty and samples from two of ...
Thuny Franck - - 2011
Embolic events (EE) in infective endocarditis (IE) are caused by fragmentation of vegetations or valvular tissue. Vegetation length is considered to be the most potent predictor of EE, but does not take into account the degree of friability of the vegetation and of the surrounded infected tissue. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) ...
Klug T E - - 2010
Peritonsillar abscesses (PTA) are polymicrobial infections, with a diverse aerobic and anaerobic flora. The aim of the present study is to compare bacteriologic culture results from patients with PTA to those from patients undergoing elective tonsillectomy (clinically non-infected tonsils), to better elucidate the pathogenic significance of various isolates. A prospective ...
Yilmaz Gurdal - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a potentially fatal disease caused by a tick-borne virus from the Bunyaviridae family. It has recently been reported that soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR), secreted from endothelial cells and the mononuclear phagocyte system, one of the main targets of the CCHF virus, is ...
Abbate Isabella - - 2010
OBJECTIVES:: HIV-1 V3 quasispecies was analyzed, by ultra-deep pyrosequencing, in early HIV-infected patients, to assess possible correlations between quasispecies diversity, frequency of variants predicted to use CXCR4 and need for early antiretroviral treatment. METHODS:: Twenty patients were retrospectively enrolled: 10 patients (group A) required HAART within 6 months from seroconversion, ...
de Koning M N C - - 2010
Background  Recent studies revealed that Betapapillomavirus (betaPV) infections are highly prevalent. Skin diseases such as psoriasis, characterised by keratinocyte hyperproliferation, and atopic dermatitis (AD), dominated by cutaneous inflammation, might have an impact on viral life cycle and immune response induction. Objectives  To investigate whether betaPV infection is different in psoriasis ...
Rose Nice - - 2011
To define acute optic neuritis following infection with chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and to determine the efficacy of treatment with corticosteroids of acute optic neuritis. This was an observational study involving 10 patients, who were confirmed cases of infection with CHIKV with acute optic neuritis in one or both eyes. A ...
Hsu Ching-Wei - - 2010
Elevated white blood cell (WBC) counts predict coronary heart disease and all-cause mortality in the general population. Chronic inflammation and malnutrition are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular death in individuals with chronic kidney disease. In this study, we investigated the association between WBC count with inflammation, malnutrition, and mortality ...
Huang Wan-Ting - - 2010
Epidemic pleurodynia is seldom reported in Southeast Asia and there has been no report from Taiwan. We conducted a retrospective chart review of children = 18 years of age in the National Taiwan University Hospital from January 1 to December 31, 2005. Epidemic pleurodynia was defined as an acute illness ...
Pachlopnik Schmid Jana - - 2011
X-linked lymphoproliferative syndromes (XLP) are primary immunodeficiencies characterized by a particular vulnerability toward Epstein-Barr virus infection, frequently resulting in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). XLP type 1 (XLP-1) is caused by mutations in the gene SH2D1A (also named SAP), whereas mutations in the gene XIAP underlie XLP type 2 (XLP-2). Here, a ...
Nguyen M Hong - - 2010
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is a major cause of mortality in patients with stem cell transplants and hematologic malignancies. Timely diagnosis of IPA improves survival but is difficult to make. We evaluated the effectiveness of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) galactomannan (GM) in diagnosing IPA in these populations by retrospectively reviewing records ...
Gouveia Emy Akiyama - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological, clinical and laboratorial profile of patients with Baggio-Yoshinari Syndrome (BYS), who underwent internment at the Instituto de Infectologia Emilio Ribas in São Paulo, Brazil, during the period from July 1990 to July 2006. BYS is a new Brazilian tick-borne disease ...
Fahad Al Saif - - 2010
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), also known as Kaposi's Sarcoma - associated herpesvirus (KSHV) was first identified and detected in 1994 in patients with Kaposi's Sarcoma. Recently, a strong association has been shown between HHV-8 and large-plaque parapsoriasis and mycosis fungoides(MF). This association has been attributed to either recent infection or ...
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