Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1060
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Heliövaara Arja - - 2003
Ninety-three girls with cleft palate (53 submucous cleft palate (SMCP) and 40 isolated cleft palate (ICP)), mean age 6.2 years (range 5.5-7.5), were compared retrospectively from lateral cephalograms. Forty-three patients with SMCP had had surgical treatment at the mean age of 3.4 years (range 0.9-6.8), 10 of the SMCP patients ...
Ben-Bassat Yocheved - - 2003
Congenitally missing teeth (CMT) are a relatively frequent phenomenon. In severe cases of multiple CMT, the skeletodental pattern can be unique. However, the characteristics of this pattern are still controversial. Thus, it was our aim to evaluate the skeletodental patterns of patients with multiple CMT and compare them with norms. ...
Tofield Christopher E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita (SEDC) is a rare, inheritable condition that can include dwarfism, cleft palate, and C(1-2) instability. When repairing a cleft palate in a patient with SEDC, there is a significant risk of cord compression at the C(1-2) level because of neck hyperextension required for the operation. This ...
Drudi F M - - 2003
In order to evaluate sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of radiographic findings, 1347 patients with minor cervical injury underwent clinical, orthopaedic, neurosurgical examination, and were classified as monosymptomatic (only cervical pain) or polysymptomatic (cervical pain plus additional symptoms). X-rays were taken in anteroposterior, lateral and open-mouth views; additional views if necessary. ...
Arana Estanislao - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship of upper thoracic spine degenerative disc contour changes on MR imaging in patients with neck pain. The relation between upper thoracic and cervical spine degenerative disc disease is not well established. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: One hundred and fifty-six patients referred with cervical pain were studied. ...
Ferrario Virgilio F - - 2003
Nasal morphology was assessed three-dimensionally in 18 cleft lip and palate operated patients aged 19 to 27 years, and in 161 sex- and age-matched control subjects. Comparisons were performed by Student t and Watson-Williams' tests. No differences were found in nasal volume or surface. Nasal width, alar base width, and ...
Ouellet Jean A - - 2003
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of scoliosis radiographs of 93 patients with either idiopathic scoliosis or syringomyelia-associated scoliosis were assessed, defining their sagittal alignment. OBJECTIVE: To validate an observation regarding the absence of Dickson's sagittal deformity of the thoracic spine in patients with syringomyelia-associated scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients ...
Ferrario Virgilio F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To supply quantitative information about the facial soft tissues of adult operated patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: The three-dimensional coordinates of soft tissue facial landmarks were obtained using an electromagnetic digitizer in 18 Caucasian patients with CLP (11 males and 7 females aged ...
Onyeaso C O - - 2003
Patients seeking orthodontic care are expected to maintain good oral hygiene status and there is still a debate as to whether occlusal characteristics are associated with oral hygiene status and invariably periodontal health. The aims of this study were to assess the pattern of oral hygiene status (OHS) of orthodontic ...
Hilse M A - - 2003
There is an ongoing need for therapeutic cervical traction to treat chronic idiopathic neck pain. A device was designed to perform low-load cervical traction (unloading) with the patient in an upright, seated, neutral spine position. A prototype device meeting these requirements was constructed. During subsequent use, several methods for assessing ...
Regalo S C - - 2003
The aim of this study was to analyze electromyographically the upper and lower fascicles of the orbicularis oris muscle in deaf patients comparing them with clinically normal patients. These patients present several disorders in facial muscles, temporomandibular joints disorders and constantly headache in virtue of not the use of the ...
Tetradis Sotirios - - 2003
Two patients with unusual developmental anomalies of the odontoid process of the axis are presented. These anomalies were discovered as incidental findings on the cephalometric radiographs obtained as part of orthodontic treatment. Both patients had severe instability of the cervical spine at the articulation between the first and second cervical ...
Sucato Daniel J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is little information documenting the relationship of the aorta to the thoracic scoliotic spine. Recent studies have suggested that the ends of screws placed during an anterior spinal arthrodesis, and pedicle screws used for the treatment of right thoracic scoliosis, may be in proximity to the aorta. The ...
Brennan Peter A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Aerobic oral bacteria only rarely colonize the cleft nasal floor in patients with patent oronasal fistula. There are no studies that have investigated whether anaerobic oral flora colonize this site and whether attempting to culture them is useful for assessing the patency of oronasal fistulae in the clinic. DESIGN: ...
Katonis Pavlos - - 2003
This retrospective study analyzes the complications and the problems developed during and after pedicle screw fixation in patients with spinal disorders and trauma. One hundred twelve patients were treated using the Cotrel-Dubousset pedicle screw fixation system for degenerative disease (57 patients), trauma (42 patients), infection (eight patients), and tumor (five ...
Kadoya Satoru - - 2003
Long-term follow-up results were examined to verify the efficacy of anterior osteophytectomy for cervical spondylotic myelopathy and radiculopathy, in particular the outcome for patients with developmentally narrow cervical canals and patients with associated ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). One hundred thirty-nine patients who had undergone anterior osteophytectomy with ...
Dost?lov? Simona - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND PATIENTS: Patients with acromegaly (12 women, 26 men) and a control group (36 women, 50 men) were chosen for cephalometry to assess the size, shape and positional characteristics of the craniofacial bones and the upper airways. RESULTS: When compared with the controls, patients of both sexes with acromegaly ...
Al-Boukai Ahmed A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiographic cervical spine changes in rheumatoid arthritis patients. METHODS: Forty-nine patients (37 females and 12 males) diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between June 1998 and June 2000, were studied for their radiographic cervical spine changes. Their mean ...
Mays Keith A - - 2003
To maintain a harmonious craniofacial system, the dental practitioner must establish an appropriate occlusal vertical dimension (OVD). Several methods can be used to determine an appropriate OVD. The patient presenting with decreased OVD represents a particular challenge for the dental practitioner in fabricating conventional dentures. This clinical report describes the ...
Epstein N E - - 2003
Forty-two consecutive patients undergoing dynamic ABC plated one-level ACF utilizing iliac crest autograft (38 patients) and fibula allografts (four patients) were evaluated. The unique ABC slotted plate design allows for up to 10 mm of cephalad and 10 mm of caudad plate migration. To evaluate the incidence and etiology of ...
Lerman Joel A - - 2003
The results of operative treatment of scoliosis in Down syndrome at one institution are reviewed. Seven patients with progressive scoliosis who had undergone arthrodesis of the thoracolumbar spine were identified. Clinical and radiographic results were noted, as were any complications. Mean patient follow up was 9 years (range 2-25). All ...
Madan Sanjeev - - 2003
The objective of our study was to assess the efficacy of Graf ligamentoplasty in comparison with rigid fixation and fusion with the Hartshill horseshoe cage for similar severity of disc degeneration. Although studies have been done on the Graf ligamentoplasty procedure and the Hartshill horseshoe cage, their efficacy has never ...
Gidarakou Ioanna K - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of bilateral degenerative joint disease (BDJD) on the skeletal and dental patterns of affected individuals. There were 29 symptomatic female patients and 46 asymptomatic normal female volunteers. All study participants had bilateral high-resolution magnetic resonance scans in the sagittal (closed ...
Mooney Vert - - 2003
Twenty adolescent patients (18 girls and 2 boys) with scoliosis ranging from 15 degrees-41 degrees in their major curve were treated with a progressive resistive training program for torso rotation. All patients demonstrated an asymmetry of rotation strength measured on specialized equipment, and surface electrode electromyograms showed inhibition of lumbar ...
Barbosa M M - - 2003
To establish the prevalence of congenital heart diseases (CHDs) in cleft patients, the type of cleft and the presence of a syndrome were coded in 220 patients. A Doppler echocardiogram with color-flow mapping (DE) was obtained in all patients. Mean age was 112.0 +/- 101.2 months (range, 1-576 months), and ...
Hatoko Mitsuo - - 2003
The authors report the influence of periosteum on healing of palatal defect based on more than 10 years of experience of harvesting hard palate mucosa. Between June of 1991 and May of 2001, the authors harvested 80 hard palate mucosae as graft material for skin and mucosa defects. All grafts ...
Esposito Salvatore J - - 2003
Lichen planus is a common inflammatory mucocutaneous disease that often manifests itself intraorally. Oral lichen planus can appear in many forms; the most significant form for the edentulous patient is the erosive variety. For the patient, wearing a complete denture is quite dramatic because of the friability of the tissue. ...
Velemínská J - - 2003
The study is based on a long-term cephalometric follow-up of lateral X-ray films of 48 boys with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate during puberty. The configuration of the face was negatively influenced by the reduced depth of the maxilla and limited vertical growth of the upper lip. As compared ...
Celić Robert - - 2003
The aim of the study was to investigate the range of mandibular movements and to analyze the difference in range of mouth opening, right and left lateral movements, and protrusive movement between patients with clinical diagnoses of temporomandibular disorders and asymptomatic subjects (control group) in a young male population. A ...
Dobbs Matthew B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although reports in the literature have demonstrated an approximately 20% prevalence of neural axis abnormalities in patients with juvenile idiopathic scoliosis who have a curve of >20 degrees, the prevalence of neural axis abnormalities in patients with infantile idiopathic scoliosis is not well documented. In two previous studies involving ...
Jho Hae-Dong - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical microforaminotomy was developed by the senior author (H-DJ) under the concept of "functional spine surgery which directly eliminates compressive pathological factors while preserving functional anatomic features. The surgical results are reported. METHODS: Among approximately 400 patients who underwent anterior cervical microforaminotomy at the University of Pittsburgh between ...
Ysunza Antonio - - 2002
Residual velopharyngeal insufficiency after palatal repair varies from 10 to 20 percent in most centers. Secondary velopharyngeal surgery to correct residual velopharyngeal insufficiency in patients with cleft palate is a topic frequently discussed in the medical literature. Several authors have reported that varying the operative approach according to the findings ...
Murata Yasuaki - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal radiographic measurements of the lumbar alignment in clinical cases were performed. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the progressive process of degenerative lumbar scoliosis during its early phase by conducting a longitudinal study. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies on the alignment changes of degenerative lumbar scoliosis have been conducted ...
Uematsu Hideto - - 2002
This study evaluates the condylar response to activator in growth and in maturing patients using radiographs and magnetic resonance images (MRI). Seven patients (four in growth and three in maturing stages) treated for mandibular distal occlusion were studied. In all seven patients, lateral roentgen cephalograms, panoramic radiograms, and MRIs were ...
Chang Sung K - - 2002
This study assesses one possible cause of inter-patient variation in fluorescence spectroscopy of the cervix: the menstrual cycle. Ten patients with no history of an abnormal Pap smear were seen daily throughout 30 consecutive days of their cycle. Fluorescence excitation-emission matrices were measured from three cervical sites on each patient. ...
McGarry Thomas J - - 2002
The American College of Prosthodontists (ACP) has developed a classification system for partial edentulism based on diagnostic findings. This classification system is similar to the classification system for complete edentulism previously developed by the ACP. These guidelines are intended to help practitioners determine appropriate treatments for their patients. Four categories ...
Griffiths Harry J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether forced flexion/extension (F/E) films for "clearing" the cervical spine in unconscious or semiconscious patients are useful or actually dangerous. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Of 810 patients admitted for blunt trauma over a 5-year period, 479 patients whose films and charts were available received passive F/E film views ...
Stellzig-Eisenhauer Angelika - - 2002
Class III malocclusion is one of the most difficult anomalies to understand. Because not all Class III patients are candidates for surgical correction, patient assessment and selection remain main issues in diagnosis and treatment planning. The purpose of this study was to separate Class III patients who can be properly ...
Laiho K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish the incidence of clinically important inflammatory cervical spine abnormalities in radiographs of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Patients were selected from a rheumatological outpatient clinic and one ward of the Rheumatism Foundation Hospital, Heinola, Finland, by examining 160 consecutive PsA cases. A total of 65 patients ...
Mehendale Felicity V - - 2002
Velopharyngeal incompetence because of gross unilateral velopharyngeal hypoplasia is rare, particularly in patients with no significant hemifacial microsomia or facial asymmetry. We describe the abnormal anatomy and treatment of three patients with gross congenital velopharyngeal asymmetry. Following surgery, all three patients showed a good improvement in velopharyngeal function and speech. ...
Laiho Kari - - 2002
The aim of this radiographic study was to ascertain the extent of inflammatory cervical spine disorders in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) complicated by secondary amyloidosis (SA). The study involved 147 patients with RA and SA, whose cervical spine radiographs were available. They were treated at the Rheumatism Foundation Hospital, ...
Mobbs Ralph J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering head trauma are at high risk of having a concomitant cervical spine injury. A rigid cervical collar is usually applied to each patient until spinal stability is confirmed. Hard collars potentially cause venous outflow obstruction and are a nociceptive stimulus, which might elevate intracranial pressure (ICP). This ...
Kleinberg I - - 2002
Patients who believe they have oral malodour often have a dry mouth condition instead. Here we have examined its relation to oral malodour, real or perceived. A direct relationship between the thickness of the film of residual saliva on mucosal surfaces throughout the mouth and perception of a dry mouth ...
Remes Ville M - - 2002
This study analyzed whether genotype can be used to predict development of spinal deformity in patients with diastrophic dysplasia (DD). Severity and natural history of scoliosis vary among patients, but the magnitude of the curves is similar among siblings. Plain radiographs were taken of 69 patients aged 16 years or ...
Osterhouse Melanie D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the case of a 79-year-old man who had a delayed posttraumatic vertebral collapse and an intravertebral vacuum cleft. The patient had been on long-term corticosteroid therapy. A discussion of Kummell's disease and the controversy surrounding the etiology of the condition is also presented. CLINICAL FEATURES: Six weeks ...
Royal Stuart A - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our purpose was to investigate the association between cervicomedullary neuroschisis and mirror movements in patients with Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 23 patients with KFS who were seen at our institution during a 10-year period. Sixteen of the 23 patients had undergone ...
Ford Peter - - 2002
Cervical spine injuries occur in 2-5% of blunt trauma patients, and 1-5% of these injuries are initially missed. Data from the large National Emergency X-Radiography Utilisation Study have helped to define the problem in some detail. There is a consensus on how to clear the cervical spine in patients who ...
Laiho Kari - - 2002
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In patients with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) the cervical spine is often affected, leading to pain and functional limitations. PURPOSE: To describe the frequency of the radiographic abnormalities in the cervical spine of a large series of patients with JCA, examined after skeletal maturity. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive patients ...
Patel Naresh P - - 2002
OBJECT: Forestier Disease (FD) is a progressive skeletal disorder affecting predominantly older men. It is also known as diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and is characterized by massive anterior longitudinal ligament calcification that forms a bridge on the anterior border of the thoracic and subaxial cervical spine. To the authors' ...
Schwab Frank J - - 2002
Prospective analysis of a consecutive series of adult patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis of the adult and de novo degenerative scoliosis. To clinically and radiographically study two populations of adult patients with either adolescent idiopathic scoliosis of the adult or de novo degenerative scoliosis in a quantitative manner to identify ...
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