Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 740
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Dahlmann Anke A 1] Junior Research Group 2, Interdisciplinary Centre for Clinical Research, Nikolaus-Fiebiger-Centre for Molecular Medicine, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany [2] Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, - - 2014
We have previously reported that sodium is stored in skin and muscle. The amounts stored in hemodialysis (HD) patients are unknown. We determined whether (23)Na magnetic resonance imaging (sodium-MRI) allows assessment of tissue sodium and its removal in 24 HD patients and 27 age-matched healthy controls. We also studied 20 ...
Te Riele Wouter W - - 2013
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a commonly performed bariatric procedure. LAGB is frequently complicated by slippage. Possible treatment for slippage is rebanding, but long-term effects are unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether rebanding after gastric band slippage is associated with weight loss failure. This was ...
Figueiredo Ana E - - 2013
Introduction and OBJECTIVES: Hand hygiene is essential for preventing peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related infections. The present study compared the effectiveness of two hygiene techniques in reducing the number of colony-forming units (CFUs) on the hands of patients undergoing PD. In this controlled clinical trial, 22 participants enrolled in the same PD ...
Cortés Benjamín B Psychiatry Service, University Hospital of Salamanca, - - 2014
This study investigated whether biochemical parameters add predictive information concerning risk for weight gain associated with treatment with atypical antipsychotics (AP) to that provided by baseline weight. Weight changes were assessed in 25 patients with schizophrenia after 3-6 months of treatment. These patients were started on AP monotherapy owing to ...
Bruzda-Zwiech Agnieszka - - 2013
The aim of the study was to assess whether hyposalivation is linked with increased thirst sensation and weight gain in hemodialysis (HD) patients and whether there is any connection between hyposalivation and sodium balance. One hundred and eleven participants (64 males and 47 females) receiving maintenance hemodialysis, mean age 59.1 ± 13.6 years ...
Cabezas-Rodriguez Iván - - 2013
A high body mass index (BMI) is associated with lower mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Short-term weight gains and losses are also related to lower and higher mortality risk, respectively. The implications of weight gain or loss may, however, differ between obese individuals and their nonobese counterparts. The Current Management ...
Vitturi Nicola - - 2013
Fluid balance is important in patients undergoing hemodialysis. "Dry" weight is usually estimated clinically, and also, bioimpedance is considered reliable. Ultrasonography of inferior vena cava (IVC) estimates central venous pressure, and lung ultrasound evaluates extravascular (counting B-lines artifact) lung water. Our study was aimed to clarify their usefulness in the ...
Pickrell William Owen - - 2012
AIM: To investigate antiepileptic drug (AED)-related weight changes in patients with epilepsy through a retrospective observational study. METHOD: We analysed the anonymised electronic primary care records of 1.1 million adult patients in Wales. We included patients aged 18 years and over with a diagnosis of epilepsy, whose body weight had ...
Younis Said - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-6 -/- mice develop spontaneous mature onset obesity, while the influence of the pharmacological blockade of IL-6 on body weight in humans has not been previously reported. The aim of the present study was to observe weight change in patients treated with tocilizumab (TCZ). METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients ...
Heimbach J K - - 2012
Obesity is increasingly common before and after liver transplantation (LT), yet optimal management remains unclear. Our aim was to analyze the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary protocol for obese patients requiring LT, including a noninvasive pretransplant weight loss program, and a combined LT plus sleeve gastrectomy (SG) for obese patients who ...
Trullàs Joan Carles - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Obesity increases the risk of heart failure (HF), but a significant survival benefit in obese patients has been described once they have been diagnosed with HF. There is little information about the effects of weight loss among patients with HF. We aimed to assess the frequency of weight loss ...
Guldenring Daniel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Reduced lead systems utilizing patient-specific transformation weights have been reported to achieve superior estimates than those utilizing population-based transformation weights. We report upon the effects of ischemic-type electrocardiographic changes on the estimation performance of a reduced lead system when utilizing patient-specific transformation weights and population-based transformation weights. METHOD: A ...
Suzuki Kengo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE)-derived mitral annular displacement (MAD) utilizes the speckle tracking technique to measure strain vectors, which provides accurate estimates of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Here, we investigated a link between STE-derived MAD and LVEF in patients with different heart diseases and evaluated its clinical usefulness. METHODS: ...
Lazić Elvira - - 2012
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is characterized by synovial inflammation, followed by hyperplastic changes of the synovium, and destruction of articular cartilage along with underlying bone. This hyperplastic process is the result of inflammation-induced activation of NF-κB, which may be accompanied by decreased osteogenic differentiation of synovial mesenchymal progenitors and contribute ...
Claes Laurence - - 2012
In the present study, we investigated whether binge/purge eating disorders (ED) and pathological gambling (PG) in males can be differentiated by means of weight history and temperament and character traits. We investigated 43 male ED patients, 46 pathological gamblers and 46 healthy controls (HC) by means of lifetime weight information ...
Szabó Nóra - - 2011
Data regarding the epidemiology of callosal anomalies are contradictory. We performed a population-based retrospective survey to study the birth prevalence and clinical features of agenesis/hypoplasia of the corpus callosum and accompanying central nervous system and somatic abnormalities in southeastern Hungary between July 1, 1992 and June 30, 2006. Among 185,486 ...
Meziane Moulay - - 2011
The primary objective of our study was to compare the effect of a chest radiography computer-aided detection (CAD) system on the follow-up recommendations of chest radiologists, general radiologists, and pulmonologists. A chest radiography CAD system (RapidScreen 1.1) that has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and ...
Yilmaz D - - 2011
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a demyelinating disease of the pons often associated with the demyelination of extrapontine areas of the central nervous system. It typically occurs 0.5-7 days after a rapid increment in serum Na level in hyponatremic patients and may lead to death. A 2.5-year-old child with a ...
Maciel Santos M E S - - 2011
Obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) is a complex disease with a multifactor aetiology. OSAHS is strongly associated with obesity, but there are many other clinical risk factors, such as the dentofacial characteristics of hard and soft tissues, hyoid bone position, neck circumference, upper airway spaces and nasal respiration. A descriptive ...
Hauser Marta - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sense of agency (SoAg) - the experience of controlling one's own actions and their consequences - has been studied in schizophrenia but not in the earlier stages of the disease, i.e. in patients with a putative psychotic prodrome (PP). Previous research has shown that time judgments of voluntary actions ...
Ferrari Robert - - 2010
Central sensitisation is associated with chronic pain in whiplash patients. Predicting which patients will develop central sensitisation is difficult but patient expectations of recovery predict a variety of outcomes in whiplash patients. Ninety-one whiplash patients were assessed within 1 week of their collision in order to ascertain their expectations of ...
Adamopoulos Chris - - 2011
Obesity is paradoxically associated with survival benefit in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). However, obesity complicates the management of diabetes mellitus (DM), which is common in HF. Yet, little is known about the impact of obesity in HF patients with DM. Therefore, we examined the association between obesity and ...
Domínguez-Ortega Luis - - 2010
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and viability of hypnosis before and during a gastrointestinal endoscopy. Six Gastroscopies and 22 colonoscopies were carried out under hypnosis in a group of patients. The patients ranged in age from 20 and 67 years and have a history of ...
Safari Farhad - - 2010
The aim of study was determine the effect of ultra-rapid opiate detoxification (UROD) on the presence or absence of withdrawal syndrome in a group of patients with opiate dependency. In this study, withdrawal syndrome of 173 patients with opiate addiction was evaluated before and after UROD using the Objective Opioid ...
Holmer Helene - - 2010
Obesity is a frequent manifestation of hypothalamic damage from a craniopharyngioma (CP). It is not yet clarified whether the obesity is due to alterations in energy expenditure, i.e. basal metabolic rate (BMR) and physical activity, or to increased energy intake (EI). The aim was to investigate whether energy expenditure and ...
Sivilotti Marco L A - - 2010
Important questions remain regarding how best to monitor patients during procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA). Capnometry can detect hypoventilation and apnea, yet it is rarely used in emergency patients. Even the routine practice of performing preoxygenation in low-risk patients is controversial, as supplementary oxygen can delay the detection of respiratory ...
Yilmaz Kerim Bora - - 2010
The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of venous thrombosis in cancer patients with central venous catheters inserted perioperatively. A prospective analysis was performed with 68 patients in whom central venous catheters were placed perioperatively. Cancer patients with planned central venous catheters had prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin. ...
Tange K - - 2010
Ischemic brain damage related to the beach chair position is a matter of concern. The current study was designed to evaluate whether the beach chair position before and during general anesthesia differentially induces changes in cerebral oxygenation as determined by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in surgical patients. We evaluated brain tissue ...
Springman S R - - 2010
Clinical signs and patients' verbal responses have traditionally been used to assess patients' comfort and the depth of sedation. Recently, level-of-consciousness monitors have been used to guide sedation. The SNAP II(c) is a single-lead electroencephalogram device that displays a SNAP(c) Index - a derived value based on both high and ...
Zhang Xiao-tong - - 2010
Wavelet index (WLI) is a new parameter for monitoring depth of anesthesia based on Wavelet analysis. We observed the change of WLI and bispectral index (BIS) in patients regain of consciousness (ROC) in the absence of frontalis electromyographic (EMG) interference. The aim of this study was to compare the ability ...
Wang Nadia S - - 2010
Massive localized lymphedema (MLL) is a clinically and histologically distinct entity seen in morbidly obese patients. We describe two obese patients with MLL in the lower abdomen and suprapubic area. Biopsies showed characteristic histologic features of an expanded dermis with lymphangiectases, fibrotic septae and focal fat necrosis. One patient had ...
Mandel Jeff E JE University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2010
Patient-controlled sedation (PCS) with propofol-remifentanil (PR) is associated with rapid sedation and recovery, but it is associated with a greater requirement for airway rescue than PCS with midazolam-fentanyl. To demonstrate that respiratory depression associated with PR is more frequent during anesthesiologist-administered sedation (AAS) than during PCS. Prospective, randomized, open-label study. ...
Welchman S - - 2010
Nitrous oxide gas (N(2)O) has been proposed as an alternative to intravenous (i.v.) analgesia in patients undergoing lower gastrointestinal endoscopy. To perform a systematic review of randomized studies where N(2)O was compared against control in patients undergoing either flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Electronic databases were searched; reference lists were checked ...
Enache Irina - - 2011
Background: Studies on the diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DL(CO)) in obese patients are conflicting, some studies showing increased DL(CO) and others unaltered or reduced values in these subjects. Objectives: To compare obese patients to controls, examine the contribution of alveolar volume (VA) and CO transfer coefficient ...
Oreopoulos A - - 2010
In patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), obesity is paradoxically associated with better survival (the 'obesity paradox'). Our objective was to determine whether this counterintuitive relationship extends to health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes. Cross-sectional observational study. All adults undergoing coronary angiography residing in Alberta, Canada between January 2003 and ...
Uretsky Seth - - 2010
BACKGROUND: While obesity has been shown to be associated with a worse mortality, an "obesity paradox"--lower mortality in obese patients--has been noted among many patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The extent to which an obesity paradox operates among patients with only suspected CAD, is not well determined. METHODS AND ...
Li Yuhong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Caudal anesthesia is routinely used in our hospital for most of ambulatory anorectal surgery; patients need to recover as quickly as possible. The dose of local anesthetic may be different for male and female patients. We designed this study to investigate the effect of sex on the minimum local ...
Klimathianaki Maria - - 2010
The aim of the study was to investigate Propofol's effect on breathing stability in brain damage patients, as quantified by the Loop Gain (LG) of the respiratory system (breathing stability increases with decreasing LG). In 11 stable brain damage patients full polysomnography was performed before, during and after propofol sedation, ...
Yang L-Q - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To compare isoflurane anesthesia in patients with or without hyperbilirubinemia undergoing hepatobiliary surgery. METHODS: Forty-two patients with obstructive jaundice and 40 control patients with normal liver function scheduled for hepatobiliary surgery under isoflurane anesthesia were studied. Anesthesia was induced with propofol (1.5-2 mg/kg) and remifentanil (2 microg/kg). After tracheal ...
Küper M A - - 2010
Obesity is becoming an epidemic health problem and is associated with concomitant diseases, such as sleep apnea syndrome and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). There is no standardized diagnostic workup for the upper gastrointestinal tract in obese patients; many patients have no upper gastrointestinal symptoms, and few data are available on ...
Winfield Robert D RD Laboratory of Inflammation Biology and Surgical Science, Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, - - 2010
Obesity is a risk factor for postinjury complications; in particular, obese patients develop multiple organ failure (MOF) at a greater rate than do normal weight counterparts. Evaluation of differences in resuscitative practices altered by body mass index (BMI) might provide an explanation for the increased risk of MOF seen in ...
Tagaya Mitsuhiko - - 2010
The role of increased nasal resistance in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the pathogenetic role of nasal obstruction in obese patients with OSAS. Patients with OSAS (n = 125) at a university hospital were divided into three groups according to ...
Wehrmann Till - - 2010
It has been demonstrated that a processed EEG derivative may reflect the patient's level of consciousness during endoscopic sedation. However, to date a clinical benefit of EEG monitoring with respect to relevant safety parameters in routine gastrointestinal endoscopy has not been demonstrated. During long-lasting procedures (e.g. ERCP, ESD) a propofol-sparing ...
Tziomalos Konstantinos - - 2010
Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent in developed countries and are also becoming more frequent in the developing world. Overweight and obese patients have elevated levels of several inflammatory markers and this inflammatory state might contribute to their increased vascular risk. We summarize the effects of lifestyle changes, antiobesity agents, ...
Larsson J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: When using epidural anaesthesia (EDA) for pain relief after major surgery, a failure rate of 10% is common. A crucial step in improving the care of patients with EDA is to define the position of the epidural catheter. The aim of this study was to investigate how much time ...
Darcan S - - 2010
Obesity is a multifactorial disorder influenced by genetic, behavioral, environmental and cultural factors. A twelve month old male patient was admitted to the hospital because of malaise, irritability, disquietness and obesity. His BMI was 19.8 kg/m (2) and BMI SDS was 1.38. Mental development was normal, and motor skills were ...
Kaki Abdullah M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Bispectral index (BIS) was developed to monitor patients' level of consciousness under general anesthesia. Several factors have been found to alter BIS readings without affecting the depth of anesthesia. We conducted a study to assess the impact of changing patients' position on BIS readings. METHODS: General anesthesia was administered ...
Saitoh Yuhji - - 2009
We investigated the differences between males and females in the reversal effect of neostigmine on neuromuscular blockade. Thirty male and 30 female patients undergoing elective general anesthesia were studied. Vecuronium was given in all patients anesthetized with nitrous oxide, oxygen, and sevoflurane. After the surgical procedure, when T1 (1st response ...
Knoblovits Pablo - - 2010
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is associated with metabolic and endocrine diseases including obesity, metabolic syndrome (MS), and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Insulin resistance (IR), present in patients with obesity, MS, and DM2, causes disturbances in the signaling pathways required for nitric oxide production, with subsequent endothelial dysfunction. In addition, IR ...
Gbadebo Adesiyun Adebiyi - - 2009
In the tropics, leiomyoma are commonly encountered in women of the reproductive age group, although they are mostly asymptomatic. Surgery for uterine fibroid at caesarean section has remained controversial. To analyse the clinical outcome of women that had selective caesarean myomectomy in a community teaching hospital. Twenty-two women that had ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >