Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 741
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Hyde R - - 1998
Many surgical patients are anxious while waiting to go to the operating theatre in spite of the best preparation with drugs, information and reassurance. It is possible that patients could be more comfortable if allowed a choice of activities before operations. The objective of this study was to find out ...
Worrall S F - - 1998
The National Third Molar (NTM) project was set up to assess current clinical practice in the UK concerning the management of third molar teeth. Patients were recruited from both hospital and general dental practice. During the one month study period 9248 patients with 26,577 third molars were recruited. In this ...
Mahmood N - - 1998
We studied the effect of a single analgesic regime for outpatient lithotripsy on the patient's perception of pain and the disruption of their normal activities by sending a postal questionnaire to 200 patients. Results showed that 15% of patients received insufficient analgesia during ESWL, 25% considered treatment painful, 6.8% had ...
Lacerda-Filho A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare early and late results and costs of outpatient haemorrhoidectomy under local anaesthesia with those of inpatient haemorrhoidectomy. DESIGN: Prospective study with historical controls. SETTING: University hospital, Brazil. SUBJECTS: 51 patients who required haemorrhoidectomy. INTERVENTIONS: Outpatient haemorrhoidectomy under local anaesthesia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Early and late results and ...
Thorpe S J - - 1997
We have investigated the safety of a previously described method of patient-controlled sedation in 100 healthy patients presenting for elective surgery. The device used 0.33-ml boluses of propofol (10 mg.ml-1) infused over 6 s with no lockout. All patients attempted to put themselves to sleep by pressing a button on ...
Kovoor P - - 1997
Electrophysiological studies are often distressing for patients. We devised a regime of continuous infusion of midazolam and fentanyl during electrophysiological studies without the presence of a specialist anaesthetist. The effects on key hemodynamic and respiratory variables and level of sedation were evaluated in detail in the first 775 patients. The ...
Steinbrook R A - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of epidural anesthesia and avoidance of intraoperative heat loss on the increase in total-body oxygen consumption in the immediate postoperative period after major intraabdominal surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized (with regard to temperature management) study. SETTING: University medical center. PATIENTS: 24 ASA physical status I, ...
Sarubbi F A - - 1997
Spinal epidural abscess has rarely been associated with the use of epidural catheters. We describe two patients with epidural abscesses that occurred in relation to the use of temporary epidural catheters; a literature review yielded 20 additional well-described cases. The mean age of these 22 patients was 49.9 years, the ...
Albright G A - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review was to determine if patients who receive combined spinal-epidural (CSE) analgesia with subarachnoid sufentanil have an increased incidence of emergency cesarean delivery for fetal distress when compared with patients who receive systemic or no medication (S/NM) for labor analgesia. METHODS: A retrospective ...
Lalos A T - - 1997
Patient acceptance of ambulatory colonoscopy is important for colon cancer screening programs to be successful. The goal of this study was to assess patient satisfaction with the method of conscious sedation that is standard in most endoscopy units. The authors also attempted to identify patient characteristics associated with a poor ...
Irwin M G - - 1997
We have developed a system which allows patients to operate a target-controlled infusion of propofol to provide sedation and we have studied its use in 36 unpremedicated patients undergoing local and regional anaesthetic procedures lasting 10-280 min. An intravenous propofol infusion was started at a target plasma level of 1 ...
Balsiger B M BM Gastroenterology Research Unit, Mayo Clinic Rochester 55905, - - 1997
The increasing prevalence and far-reaching medical, social, and economical implications of obesity have made it a national health-care crisis in the United States. About one in every three persons is at least 20% above "ideal" body weight, and approximately 5% have direct weight-related serious health problems (morbid obesity), including hypertension, ...
Watson W J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess maternal morbidity associated with cesarean delivery among high-risk obstetric patients in a private practice setting. STUDY DESIGN: Maternal outcome parameters were prospectively studied in 1,000 consecutively delivered patients over a one-year period. RESULTS: Three hundred forty-one patients (34%) delivered by cesarean; 194 of the procedures were performed ...
Hamilton C L - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Epidural catheter movement has been noted with change of patient position and can result in inadequate anesthesia. This study was designed to measure movement and to develop a technique that minimizes catheter displacement. METHODS: In 255 parturients requesting epidural anesthesia for labor or cesarean section, a multiorificed lumbar epidural ...
Thwaites A - - 1997
We conducted a randomized, double-blind comparison of 8% sevoflurane and propofol as induction agents for day-case cystoscopy in 102 patients. All patients received an i.v. cannula and breathed oxygen 5 litre min-1. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol i.v. or inhalation of 8% sevoflurane and 10% Intralipid (as a placebo) i.v., ...
Jalonen J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Alpha 2-adrenergic agonists decrease sympathetic tone with ensuing attenuation of neuroendocrine and hemodynamic responses to anesthesia and surgery. The effects of dexmedetomidine, a highly specific alpha 2-adrenergic agonist, on these responses have not been reported in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: Eighty patients scheduled for elective coronary ...
Dhir V - - 1997
BACKGROUND: There have been conflicting reports about the usefulness of topical pharyngeal anesthesia as a pre-endoscopic medication. AIMS: To assess the effect of topical pharyngeal anesthesia without intravenous sedatives on easing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. METHODS: 153 consecutive consenting patients were randomized to receive either placebo (normal saline) spray (78 patients) ...
Tanigami H - - 1997
After cardiac surgery, patients often require prolonged mechanical ventilation. We studied the effectiveness and potential toxicity of isoflurane sedation in 40 patients undergoing mechanical ventilation after cardiovascular surgery. All patients who received isoflurane (0.5-1.0 minimum alveolar concentration [MAC] were well sedated by it without significant adverse effects, such as renal, ...
Murphy K J - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to identify the proportion of adult patients at our institution who require sedation to tolerate MR imaging. We also wished to identify whether the type of study and patient age or sex was associated with a variation in the use of sedation. A total ...
Sprung J - - 1996
We describe a patient in whom long-term monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor therapy was discontinued 20 days before surgery with general anesthesia. This patient developed severe perioperative hypotension after administration of 10 mg of bupivacaine through an epidural catheter, which was corrected only after potent vasopressor therapy. We attribute this hemodynamic ...
Kulkarni R S - - 1996
We evaluated the benefits of bilateral deep cervical plexus block regional anesthesia in healthy and high risk patients undergoing thyroid and parathyroid surgery and assessed its effects on respiratory function. Twenty-one patients undergoing thyroid and parathyroid operations were studied. Bilateral superficial and deep plexus blocks were performed in all patients ...
Yee J B JB Department of Anesthesiology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, - - 1996
To determine if the addition of alfentanil to propofol is more effective than propofol alone to provide adequate conditions for placement of a retrobulbar block prior to cataract surgery. Randomized, double-blinded study. Outpatients at a university hospital. 40 adult ASA physical status I, II, and III outpatients scheduled for elective ...
Christopherson R - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the degree of success at maintaining patients randomized to epidural or general anesthesia for peripheral vascular surgery within predetermined blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) limits. To investigate associations between such hemodynamic control and intraoperative myocardial ischemia and postoperative major cardiac morbidity. DESIGN: Prospective randomized ...
Herrick I A - - 1996
PURPOSE: Little information is available regarding the use of patient-controlled sedation (PCS) among elderly patients undergoing operative procedures under local or regional anaesthesia. This prospective, randomized study evaluated the safety of propofol PCS, and the attitude among elderly patients toward self-administration of sedation during cataract surgery. METHODS: Prospective, randomized study ...
Ngan Kee W D - - 1996
We report a case of moyamoya disease in a patient presenting for Caesarean section at 37 weeks' gestation. Extradural anaesthesia was administered using 0.5% bupivacaine and pethidine 25 mg. A stable haemodynamic state was produced using left lateral uterine displacement, i.v. crystalloids and an i.v. infusion of ephedrine. The patient ...
McCue J D - - 1996
Elderly patients may be more susceptible than younger persons to the sedating and anticholinergic effects of first-generation antihistamines. Second-generation antihistamines, such as loratadine, astemizole, and terfenadine, cause minimal sedation and little if any impairment in cognitive and psychomotor activity in healthy nonelderly patients. Although less extensively studied in elderly patients, ...
Rozkowski A - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a syndrome, diagnosed at birth, which presents with multiple joint contractures. Because this disease often progresses until there is dysfunction of multiple organ systems, it may have an impact on the anesthetic management. There are few anesthetic reports of this disease in ...
Beekman R P RP Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University of Utrecht, The - - 1996
The need to reappraise sedation policy is dictated by newer noninvasive imaging modalities. In this study we evaluate the safety and efficacy of rectally-administered thiopental in children undergoing MRI. Eighty-three consecutive patients with congenital heart disease (mean age 2.9 years, SD 2.5) undergoing MRI evaluation of the heart were given ...
Osborne G A - - 1996
Monitored patient-controlled sedation (MPCS) is a technique that allows patients to administer intravenous sedatives, under the supervision of an anaesthetist, to achieve a level of conscious sedation that meets their individual requirements. Experience to date has shown that this technique is effective and highly acceptable to patients. Propofol is an ...
Etches R C - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to compare meperidine to meperidine with bupivacaine when used for patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) after thoracotomy. For 3 days after thoracotomy patients received thoracic PCEA with meperidine 0.1% plain or with added bupivacaine 0.1% or 0.01%. No background infusion was used. All patients received ...
Cohen J E - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the time between onset of anisocoria and surgery for hematoma evacuation in the head-injured patient is a useful prognostic variable for outcome in the comatose patient with an acute epidural hematoma. DESIGN: Prospective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with an acute traumatic epidural hematoma and an ...
Hartung J - - 1996
All obtainable investigations that have compared the incidence of vomiting in groups of patients who received nitrous oxide (N2O) and in patients who received anesthetics or analgesics without N2O were examined for a single, dichotomous variable: whether patients who received N2O experienced an absolutely higher incidence, as distinct from a ...
Saito T - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The authors previously reported a case in which injection of local anesthetic posterior to the endothoracic fascia at the T11 vertebral level gave rise to extended analgesia in thoracic and lumbar dermatomes. They now report a study in which this type of anesthesia was used in patients ...
Stoneham M D - - 1996
Cardioversion is a minor procedure requiring sedation and analgesia. However, it is often performed out-of-hours in remote sites by inexperienced anaesthetists. An understanding is required both of the pathophysiology underlying cardiac arrhythmias and of the technical side of defibrillation equipment, including electrical safety. Patients should have their coagulation status and ...
Benson-Mitchell R - - 1996
Grafting of the tympanic membrane (myringoplasty) has traditionally been performed as an in-patient procedure in the UK. We have performed day-stay myringoplasty on 21 consecutive patients (15 adults and six children) under general anaesthesia using an underlay temporalis fascia graft. In 18 cases there was complete healing of the tympanic ...
Jowell P S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Adequate comfort is essential to patients undergoing invasive procedures. This study was designed to evaluate whether patient-controlled analgesia could improve sedation for ERCP. METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive standard sedation (n = 31) or patient-controlled analgesia (n = 31). The patients were blinded to the randomization. After the ...
Lang E V - - 1996
The authors evaluated whether self-hypnotic relaxation can reduce the need for intravenous conscious sedation during interventional radiological procedures. Sixteen patients were randomized to a test group, and 14 patients were randomized to a control group. All had patient-controlled analgesia. Test patients additionally had self-hypnotic relaxation and underwent a Hypnotic Induction ...
Martin J P - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To assess patients' perception of upper GI endoscopy, both with and without sedation, and based on this information to propose a sedation policy for the procedure. METHODS: A prospective audit of the experience of patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy both with and without sedation. RESULTS: Of the 500 patients ...
Goh J L - - 1996
Pethidine and fentanyl have both been used to provide patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) following caesarean delivery. Both have been compared with epidural morphine but these drugs have not been compared with each other. Patient-controlled epidural analgesia was used in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial to compare fentanyl and pethidine ...
Hamid S K - - 1996
The Baxter Intermate LV250 infusor is a large capacity, high flow mechanical infusor, designed to deliver viscous solutions and suspensions. The objective of the laboratory study was to evaluate the LV250 infusor when used with either 0.9% sodium chloride solution or an emulsion, propofol 1%. Following this, the LV250 infusor ...
Glynn C - - 1996
Twenty patients with chronic pain who previously had obtained analgesia from epidural clonidine and lignocaine agreed to participate in a double-blind crossover study of lumbar epidural clonidine (150 micrograms), lignocaine (40 mg) and the combination of clonidine (150 microgram) and lignocaine (40 mg), all drugs were given in a volume ...
Volle E - - 1996
From April 1992 to May 1994, 780 patients aged from 1 day to 8 years were examined. Sedation of these patients was conducted by giving chlorprothixene orally and, in some cases, chloral hydrate had to be added. The patients were monitored with a pulse oxymeter. Investigations could begin after 50 ...
Lu D P - - 1996
Sedating medically compromised patients (i.e., geriatric patients, patients with cardiac, kidney, or liver diseases, and those with other severe systemic conditions) for dental procedures can increase the risk of adverse events for this group of patients and can also increase the risk of liability for the clinician. The authors treated ...
Bumgardner G L - - 1995
The impact of pretransplant overweight/obesity was analyzed in a group of 268 consecutive primary pancreas renal transplant recipients. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) greater than 27 kg/m2. BMI was available for 240 of the 268 patients. A total of 88% (212/240) of the patients had a BMI ...
Morris S B - - 1995
A two-part study was undertaken to determine if all patients with uncomplicated ureteric colic require admission. The analgesic requirements and outcome in 31 patients admitted with ureteric colic were assessed; 20/31 (64%) required no further analgesia after admission and 8/31 (26%) required only oral/rectal analgesia. In the second part of ...
Itoh M - - 1995
Two patients with Prader-Willi syndrome, including gross obesity with food-related behavior and mild mental retardation, are presented. One patient was an 11-year-old girl with the diagnosis of development delay, hypoactivity, and waxy skin with normal female karyotype. The other patient was a 15-year-old girl with the diagnosis of abnormal chromosome ...
Avramov M N - - 1995
Sedative drugs commonly are titrated to effect in critically ill patients. Subjective clinical assessment tools are used to determine the patient's level of sedation, and there clearly is a need for improved quantitative methods of monitoring sedation. This article describes the current methods for assessing the level of sedation in ...
Owen H - - 1995
One size of patient-controlled analgesia demand dose does not suit all patients after surgery. We have constructed a new patient-controlled analgesia (variable-dose patient-controlled analgesia) in which patients have a choice of demand dose sizes. In an initial trial, patients could choose between 0.5, 1.0 or 1.5 mg morphine. Patients readily ...
Harwood R J - - 1995
Sixty patients (47 female) undergoing surgical excision of three or more wisdom teeth were randomly allocated into three groups with differing end-tidal carbon dioxide and volatile agent concentrations during maintenance of anaesthesia. The anaesthetic techniques employed were identical in all other respects. All patients were observed for 10 min after ...
Ben-David B - - 1995
We tested whether a high spinal anesthesia may alter the susceptibility to the soporific effects of sedatives. Twenty ASA grade I and II women undergoing elective abdominal hysterectomy were randomly allocated into two groups. Patients in Group I were given a subarachnoid injection of 12 mg hyperbaric tetracaine and those ...
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