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Arsic Arsenijevic Valentina S - - 2014
Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are frequently associated conditions. Aims of this study were: to determine severity of SD, presence of different species and density of Malassezia yeasts; to assess yeast lipases and phosphatases production in vitro and to compare these results between SD patients with and without ...
Sotello David D Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, - - 2014
The incidence of hypertriglyceridemia in acromegaly is three times higher than in the normal population, and it is the most common dyslipidemia in acromegaly. We present a case of hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis confirmed by imaging, with normal pancreatic enzymes. Hypertriglyceridemia in this patient was likely secondary to acromegaly. The hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis ...
Shetty Ananth Samith - - 2013
This retrospective analysis was done in type 2 diabetes patients to study whether treatment with either sitagliptin or other Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors increased the risk of pancreatitis. Comparison with patients treated with other Oral Antidiabetic Drugs (OADs) was done. Asian Indian type 2 diabetic subjects (duration > or = ...
Tjora Erling - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The impact of pancreatic dysfunction in several diseases of the pancreas, including chronic pancreatitis and cystic fibrosis, is obscured by concomitant extra-pancreatic disease. Carboxyl-ester lipase-maturity-onset diabetes in the young (CEL-MODY) is a monogenic, highly penetrant and progressive pancreatic disease with no known primary extrapancreatic manifestations. It is characterized by ...
Yaman Ayhan - - 2013
Valproic acid (VPA) is still an important antiepileptic drug, with the broadest spectrum used in all types of seizures and syndromes. It has serious adverse effects such as hepatotoxicity, hyperammonemic encephalopathy, coagulation disorders, and pancreatitis. The incidence of VPA-associated pancreatitis has been estimated to be 1:40,000. We present a 6-year-old ...
Akrawinthawong Krittapoom - - 2013
Open heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is recognized as a common cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). The conventional biomarker creatinine is not sensitive enough to detect AKI until a significant decline in renal filtration has occurred. Urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), part of an acute response to the release ...
Liverani Elisa - - 2013
Azathioprine has been extensively used in the management of inflammatory bowel diseases. It might cause pancreatic damage in the form of either asymptomatic elevation in serum amylase/lipase or overt acute pancreatitis. Here we report the case of a 61-year-old patient with ulcerative colitis who had been treated with azathioprine for ...
Tomasik Przemyslaw J - - 2013
Gastric lipase is one of the prepancreatic lipases found in some mammalian species and in humans. Our knowledge of the hormonal regulation of gastric lipase secretion in children and adolescents is still very limited. The aim of this study was to compare the activity of human gastric lipase (HGL) in ...
Pant Nicole - - 2012
: The objective is to describe the incidence and nature of significant abdominal pathologies in patients with diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) and abdominal pain. : Retrospective chart review (N = 86) of patients with DKA from January 1, 2005, to January 31, 2010, was performed. Data included demographics, co-morbidities, compliance, chief ...
van Vugt van Pinxteren Maria W J - - 2012
Lynch gene carriers undergo regular surveillance colonoscopies. Polyethylene glycol-electrolyte solution (PEG) is routinely prescribed for bowel cleansing, but often poorly tolerated by patients. Sodium phosphate (NaP) may be an alternative. Prospective and random comparison of bowel preparation with PEG and NaP on colon cleansing and patients' acceptance. Patients, who previously ...
Fok Kum C - - 2012
Background:  A previous study utilising oral Polyethylene-glycol by Borg BB et al (Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2009) concluded that obesity is an independent predictor of inadequate bowel preparation at colonoscopy. Objective:  To compare bowel preparation quality between obese and non-obese individuals as assessed by BBPS after using sodium picosulphate. Design:  Prospective ...
Wiarda Bart - - 2012
Background and aim:  To prospectively determine patient burden and patient preference for magnetic resonance enteroclysis (MRE), capsule endoscopy (CE) and balloon-assisted enteroscopy (BAE) in patients with suspected or known Crohn's disease (CD) or occult gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). Subjects and Methods:  Consecutive consenting patients with CD or OGIB underwent MRE, CE ...
Horiuchi Akira - - 2012
Aim:  Colonoscopy may need to be rescheduled for inadequate bowel preparation. We evaluated the effectiveness of colonoscopic enema as rescue for an inadequate 1-day bowel preparation before colonoscopy. Method:  Patients referred for afternoon colonoscopy were prospectively enrolled in the study during a one-year period. Patients took bowel preparation (polyethylene glycol, ...
Zhao Man - - 2012
The effects of a proprietary topical formulation containing EGCG-stearate in 100% glycerin USP were studied in two volunteer patients with recurrent herpes simplex type (HSV) 1. Application during early onset (prodromal stage) in a patient with herpes labialis prevented lesion progression. In a second patient with herpetic stomatitis, application of ...
Chokshi Reena V - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of missed polyps in patients with inadequate bowel preparation on screening colonoscopy is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of missed adenomas in average-risk patients presenting for screening colonoscopy who are found to have inadequate bowel preparation. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. Endoscopy and pathology reports were examined ...
Zueco Zueco Carmen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the positive predictive value (PPV) for polyps ≥6 mm detected at CT colonography (CTC) performed without cathartic preparation, with low-dose iodine faecal tagging regimen and to evaluate patient experience. METHODS: 1920 average-risk patients underwent CTC without cathartic preparation. Faecal tagging was performed by diatrizoate meglumine and diatrizoate sodium ...
Hassan C - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: An inadequate level of bowel preparation can affect the efficacy and safety of colonoscopy. Although some factors have been associated with outcome, there is no strategy to identify patients at high risk for inadequate preparation. We searched for factors associated with an inadequate level of preparation and ...
Gomez Dhanwant - - 2012
To assess the role of serum amylase and lipase in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Secondary aims were to perform a cost analysis of these enzyme assays in patients admitted to the surgical admissions unit. Cohort study. Secondary care. Patients admitted with pancreatitis to the acute surgical admissions unit from ...
Johnson C Daniel - - 2011
We retrospectively evaluated computed tomographic colonography examinations of patients who have had a partial bowel preparation and compared the quality of their preparation with patients who have had a full bowel preparation. In total, 27 patients undergoing computed tomographic colonography examination (10 patients with partial bowel preparation and 17 with ...
VAN Gelder Isabelle C - - 2011
Introduction : We investigated whether primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients with atrial arrhythmias are at higher risk for ICD shocks and mortality compared to patients without atrial arrhythmias in a subanalysis of the PREPARE study. Methods and Results : Details of the PREPARE study design and results have ...
Yamada Noriaki - - 2011
The distribution of micafungin (MCFG) in tissue fluids, such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), pleural effusions, ascites, and wound tissue fluids, was examined in seven patients with invasive fungal infections. MCFG (100-300 mg) was administered once daily over a 1-h intravenous infusion. Blood and tissue fluid samples were collected from 1 to ...
Argüder Emine - - 2011
This article describes the case of a 40 year-old man presenting with pleuritic pain on the right side, cough, sputum and sweating symptoms. He had smoked 40 pack-years of cigarettes and consumed 140 ml alcohol/day for 20 years. Breath sounds were diminished at the right lung base. Chest X-ray showed ...
Narducci Maria Lucia - - 2011
Aims Histological studies support the important role of inflammation in the initiation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF). We describe a novel and safe technique of atrial biopsy during AF radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) to investigate the role of atrial tissue inflammation. Methods and results We enrolled 70 consecutive patients ...
Gunnarsson Ragnar - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: /st> Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is an immune-mediated, systemic disorder of unknown aetiology. As the epidemiology of the disease is largely unknown, the authors performed a nationwide cross-sectional retrospective study to assess the prevalence and incidence of MCTD in Norway. METHODS: /st> Every adult patient (≥18 years) with ...
Oh Jin Kyoung - - 2011
Background The incidence and findings of tuberculous invasion of the peripheral bronchus have not been fully investigated with MDCT. Purpose To evaluate the prevalence and findings of MDCT abnormalities of small- and medium-sized bronchus (SMB) in active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Material and Methods Using multiplanar reformation, 35 consecutive MDCT scans ...
Grippaudo Francesca Romana - - 2011
Aim of this study is to describe the use of high-frequency ultrasound to ascertain the site, quantity, and type of filler injected in the soft tissue of the face, with respect to reliability of the procedure and the analysis costs. Between December 2006 and August 2010, 80 subjects aged 25 ...
Emekli-Alturfan E - - 2011
The association between periodontal and cardiovascular disease has received considerable attention. Studies have demonstrated a higher incidence of atherosclerotic complications in patients with periodontal disease. Tissue factor (TF) has been known as a key initiator of the coagulation cascade, and the TF pathway is the primary physiological mechanism of initiation ...
Martin Oscar - - 2011
The aims of our study were to assess nasopharyngeal soft-tissue characteristics in white patients with Class III malocclusion and to compare the results with patients with ideal occlusion. A sample of 71 patients with Class III malocclusion was selected from the Dental School at the Complutense University of Madrid. None ...
Knowles Charles H CH Neurogastroenterology Group, Blizard Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine & Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK. - - 2011
Some patients with chronic constipation may undergo colectomy yielding tissue appropriate to diagnosis of underlying neuromuscular pathology. The analysis of such tissue has, over the past 40 years, fueled research that has explored the presence of neuropathy, myopathy and more recently changes in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). In this ...
Oyabu Chinami - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the role of platelet-derived microparticles (PDMP), which are small vesicles with thrombotic and immunological properties, in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), dermatomyositis/polymyositis (PM/DM), and mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD). METHODS: Plasma levels of PDMP were measured by ELISA, and compared among patients with one of ...
Castillo Rodrigo - - 2011
Ischaemia reperfusion injury is a pathophysiological event that occurs after cardiac surgery with extracorporeal circulation. This clinical event has been associated with the induction of oxidative and inflammatory damage in atrial tissue. Here, we tested whether combined omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA)-antioxidant vitamin protocol therapy reduces oxidative and ...
Bock Jonathan M - - 2010
Tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) and prosthesis insertion is a well-established method of voice rehabilitation after laryngectomy. Maintenance of the prosthesis and tract can be challenging, and reflux to the TEP site has been proposed as a cause. The sites of TEP were evaluated for the presence of pepsin in tissue biopsy ...
Amoozgar Hamid - - 2011
Heart complications are among the serious problems of patients with β-thalassemia intermedia. This study aimed to evaluate myocardial function in these patients. Clinical parameters and both standard Doppler and pulsed Doppler tissue imaging parameters were compared in 51 β-thalassemia intermedia patients (mean age, 17.05 ± 5.8 years) and 20 normal subjects (mean age, ...
Lataster T - - 2010
This study tested the hypothesis that stress-reactivity may represent an intermediary phenotype underlying positive psychotic symptoms. It was examined whether: (i) stress-reactivity clusters within families of psychotic patients and (ii) stress-reactivity in relatives cosegregates with positive symptoms in patients. The sample consisted of 40 patients and 47 siblings of these ...
Armengot Miguel - - 2010
Eosinophils are possibly the most important inflammatory cells in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis. Eosinophilic nasal mucosal infiltration is characteristic of nasal polyposis. The aim of this work was to study the possibility of correlations between cytological and tissue eosinophilia in patients with nasal polyposis and with ...
Chen Der-Cherng - - 2010
Intracranial aspergillosis of the lateral ventricle is a rare condition and has not been reported in a schizophrenic patient. We report a 39-year-old male patient with underlying schizophrenia and a rapid deterioration of consciousness. Initial cranial computed tomographic images revealed focal dilatation of the posterior part of the right lateral ...
Padurariu Manuela - - 2010
Studies performed in schizophrenia patients have generally suggested the presence of a compromised antioxidant system, but this is not always consistent with specific observed parameters, which on the whole, show evidences of dysregulation. There are also controversies regarding the oxidative stress status in patients treated with typical vs. atypical antipsychotics. ...
Vieira Jose Luiz Fernandes - - 2010
The objective of this work was to determine the methemoglobinemia and correlate with dapsone levels in multibacillary leprosy patients under leprosy multi-drug therapy. Thirty patients with laboratory and clinical diagnosis of multibacillary leprosy were enrolled. Dapsone was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography and methemoglobinemia by spectrophotometry. The mean dapsone ...
L?ffler Stefan - - 2010
Eight schizophrenic inpatients without manifest comorbidity were longitudinally studied. The aim was to find whether clozapine, the prototype of atypical antipsychotic drugs, altered their serum concentrations of high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), an inflammatory marker of high clinical importance. Following first-time therapy with clozapine, predominantly as the sole antipsychotic for ...
Chung Seockhoon - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the association among aggressive behavior, neuropsychological function, and the Val66Met functional polymorphism of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene in male schizophrenic patients. METHODS: We examined 51 male patients with schizophrenia who had committed homicide (ie, H-SCZ), 50 male patients with schizophrenia ...
Miljevic Cedo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Despite clozapine's unique effectiveness in patients with schizophrenia, a number of adverse effects have been recognised including abnormalities in lipid and glucose metabolisms. A high clozapine level in red blood cells (RBCs) and disturbed anti-oxidant enzyme activities in blood from schizophrenic patients prompted us to investigate lipid status and ...
Waldo Merilyne C - - 2010
Most schizophrenic patients have a deficit in auditory sensory gating that appears to be mediated by the alpha-7 nicotinic receptor. This pilot study examines the effects of varenicline, an alpha-7 agonist, on the P50 auditory evoked potential in six schizophrenic patients. The study was canceled because of concerning side effects ...
Arr?e Aurora - - 2010
We have determined the plasma (p) concentration of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and the dopamine metabolite homovanillic acid (HVA), and the pHVA/pGABA ratio in schizophrenic and bipolar patients. The research was undertaken in a geographic area with an ethnically homogeneous population. The HVA plasma concentrations were significantly elevated in the schizophrenic ...
Moriwaki Masatsugu - - 2009
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) deficit, the acoustic startle reflex (ASR) and habituation (HAB) impairment are considered to be endophenotypes for schizophrenia. The recent two studies have reported that a PPI deficit was detected in Japanese schizophrenic patients. We replicated that study using larger samples (115 schizophrenic patients and 111 normal controls) ...
Spivak Baruch B Beer Yaakov-Ness Ziona Mental Health Center, Beer Yaakov, - - 2009
It has been hypothesized that the etiology of schizophrenia, in a distinct group of patients, originates from an autoimmune reaction against platelets. Previous open screenings have recorded significantly higher blood titers of platelet-associated autoantibodies (PAA) in schizophrenic patients as compared to normal healthy subjects. In addition, young schizophrenic patients at ...
Kaur I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Rare variants of leprosy pose a diagnostic challenge even to astute clinicians and histoid leprosy is one such form of disease with unique clinical and histopathological features. There are very few large series on this entity, mainly reported from India. OBJECTIVES: To study the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of ...
Rahman Ashrafur - - 2009
The purpose of the study was to determine the concentration of trace elements present in scalp hair sample of schizophrenic patients and to find out the relationship between trace elements level and nutritional status or socioeconomic factors. The study was conducted among 30 schizophrenic male patients and 30 healthy male ...
Franceschi D S A - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genes in leprosy immunopathogenesis. Genotyping of KIR and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes was performed by polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes in 165 leprosy patients. Both activating KIR2DS2 and KIR2DS3 frequencies were ...
Arora Manish M Dr. Arora is a Resident in Internal Medicine at Johns Hopkins University-Sinai Hospital Program in Internal Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland. Dr. Okolo III serves as Chief of Endoscopy and Assistant Professor in the Department of Gastroenterology at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, - - 2008
To assess the efficacy of low-volume powder polyethylene glycol (PEG)-3350 as a sole bowel preparation for colonoscopy. This case series examined 245 consecutive patients (a mixture of inpatients and outpatients undergoing screening colonoscopy) at a hospital endoscopy center over a 2-year period. The patients received powder PEG-3350 in the amount ...
Klavora Vlasta Meden - - 2008
The article deals with the question of artistic creativity in psychotic patients, focussing particularly on why it occurs and how interest in it developed. One of the main motivations for carrying out this study was to explore the idea of the connection between genius and insanity, which was accepted by ...
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