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Results 401 - 450 of 574
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Dehlin O - - 1986
The hypnotic effect of chlormethiazole was studied for 3 months in 20 geriatric in-patients. Registered variables were the percentage of patients asleep at 10 pm and 6 am and the observed number of awakenings. Mental and somatic variables were rated according to the Crichton Geriatric Behavioural Rating Scale. Observations were ...
Obiols Llandrich J E - - 1986
The ventricular brain ratio (VBR) was measured in a group of 33 young in-patient schizophrenics and 25 controls. Results confirmed significant lateral ventricular enlargement in the schizophrenic patients, but could not demonstrate any association between the VBR and age or length of illness. Some aspects of the studied sample are ...
Singh M - - 1986
35 lepromatous leprosy patients with recurrent trophic ulcers were analysed for tetanus antitoxin levels by passive haemagglutination test (PHA). 42.85% patients and 32% controls had protective levels of antitoxin in their serum (greater than or equal to 0.1). All the patients (100%) demonstrated measurable antitoxin levels. The findings indicate immunological ...
Chu C C - - 1986
The symptomatology of Turkish urban and rural schizophrenic patients was compared in 94 consecutive hospital admissions. These were rated on two rating scales by psychiatrists, using a structured interview. Urban patients were more frequently anxious, tense, stiff, rigid, perseverating and depersonalized than rural patients; urban patients also exhibited more frequent ...
Berndl K - - 1986
In adolescent and middle-aged schizophrenic patients and normals 10 different multiple-choice tests of 12 scored movie scenes lasting 10s were applied, measuring the ability to recognize faces, persons and mimic expressions. In all tests errors were significantly higher by a factor of 7 to 14 in patients as compared to ...
Morice R - - 1985
A new and syntactically more complex version of the Token Test was developed to investigate the comprehension of complex syntax in schizophrenia. Results suggested that schizophrenic patients as a group demonstrated an impairment of comprehension proportionate to a reduction in the syntactic complexity of their spoken language, which had been ...
Ghei S K - - 1985
A group of 100 leprosy patients consisting of 50 lepromatous (BL/LL) and 50 tuberculoid (BT/TT) were investigated for metric analysis of the patterns present on their palms. Hundred normal persons were also selected from the families of patients to serve as controls. BT/TT patients and controls did not show any ...
Bankier R G - - 1985
Using an ultrasound technique, the widths of the third ventricle in a group of normal subjects was compared with groups of chronic schizophrenics and acutely ill schizophrenics. While the chronic patients showed a significantly wider ventricle (p less than 0.5) from the other two groups, only 14% of the chronic ...
Benson K L - - 1985
Middle ear muscle activity (MEMA) and periorbital integrated potentials (PIPs) were recorded during rapid eye movement (REM) periods and during the 10 minutes preceding and following REM periods in normals, schizophrenic patients, and patients with schizoaffective and major depressive disorder. Contrary to the phasic event intrusion hypothesis, we observed no ...
Csernansky J G - - 1985
The authors review the many clinical and pharmacological factors that affect neuroleptic response and complicate the classification of schizophrenic patients into responders and nonresponders. The subtyping of patients on the basis of "positive" or "negative" symptoms and the presence or absence of brain atrophy may be particularly useful in predicting ...
Orege P A - - 1985
41 patients out of 804 registered lepromatous (LL) and borderline lepromatous (BL) patients were studied for possible dapsone resistance by series of biopsy specimens, skin smears and clinical examination. These patients were drawn from a pool of 4384 registered leprosy patients in the west Kenya Leprosy Control Project area. Six ...
Enriquez N C - - 1985
Guidelines for establishing patient-oriented medication teaching groups for the schizophrenic patient are described. The importance of patient education has been well documented, although the effort and subsequent efficacy is still equivocal. Schizophrenic patients have several factors that may lead to drug default. By increasing the patient's database regarding the neuroleptic ...
Connolly J F - - 1985
Previous research has established the stability of the contralateral dominance effect of the auditory temporal N120 peak amplitude. The purpose of this experiment was to examine event-related potential (ERP) asymmetries in schizophrenia, with particular reference to this contralateral dominance phenomenon. Ten unmedicated schizophrenic patients and ten controls heard a series ...
Owens D G - - 1985
Using computed tomography, lateral ventricular size was studied in a sample of 112 institutionalized chronic schizophrenic patients (selected from 510 cases to investigate the correlates of the defect state and intellectual decline and the effects of insulin, electroconvulsive and neuroleptic treatment), and compared with matched groups of non-institutionalized schizophrenics, patients ...
Lee J H - - 1985
Investigators have suggested that schizophrenic patients have reversals of abnormal structural abnormalities and abnormal left hemisphere function. The authors attempted to know of the pattern of cerebral asymmetry in schizophrenic patients and controls on the computerized tomography scans of thirty right-handed schizophrenic patients and thirty right-handed control subjects. Compared to ...
Wilson W H - - 1985
Prescription practices were examined as part of a multinational study of chronic hospitalized schizophrenic patients. The study included a total of 768 patients from 8 countries. All patients had a diagnosis (ICD-9) of schizophrenia and met defined criteria for chronic hospitalization. The patients were treated with psychotropic drugs from 6 ...
Rudduck C - - 1985
Haptoglobin and transferrin types were studied in schizophrenic patients and controls. In the haptoglobin system a significant departure from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium with an excess of heterozygotes was found among the patients (p less than 0.01). The distribution of haptoglobin types in the schizophrenic patients was significantly different from that ...
Tsoi W F - - 1985
This is a study to find out whether serum creatine phosphokinase activity (CPK) is raised in Oriental schizophrenic patients. CPK was found to be elevated in Caucasian schizophrenic patients more commonly during the acute period of the illness. The CPK involved is the skeletal isoenzyme CPK (MM) and not the ...
Cornblatt B A - - 1985
This study was concerned with the relationship between attentional and information-processing deficits and positive vs. negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Sixteen schizophrenic patients, rated for extent of positive and negative symptomatology, 17 depressed patients, and 31 normal control subjects were tested on a measure of distractibility and ability to process under ...
Ghadirian A M - - 1985
The study compared the presence of somatic illnesses in manic-depressive (n = 100) and schizophrenic patients (n = 156) in the out-patient psychiatric clinics of three general hospitals. The average age of manic-depressive and schizophrenic patients was 40.7 yr and 39.8 yr respectively and did not differ significantly. The sample ...
Bütter H J - - 1985
The current investigation explored and compared the genotypic neuropsychopharmacological indices of eight chronic schizophrenic patients and four therapists on an inductive paradigm. Patients and normals were screened with clinical interviews, psychometric and psychophysiological tests and neuroleptic availability radioreceptor assays were monitored within a three month pre-post treatment design. Results revealed ...
Gelber R H - - 1984
The dapsone sensitivity of strains of Mycobacterium leprae from 54 multibacilliferous untreated leprosy patients presenting to the United States Public Health Service Hospital in San Francisco, California, U.S.A., from 1978 to 1981 was studied by mouse foot pad inoculation. M. leprae from 53 patients were found fully sensitive to dapsone. ...
Kleinman J E - - 1984
Spontaneous eye-blinking, a possible measure of central dopaminergic activity, was studied in 55 drug-free chronic schizophrenic patients subdivided by cerebral ventricular size. Blink rates were higher in schizophrenic patients than in normal control subjects, regardless of cerebral ventricle size. Neuroleptics lowered blink rates in patients with normal ventricles but did ...
Marder S R - - 1984
Information processing was measured in 13 acute and 18 stabilized schizophrenic patients using the span of apprehension task. Acutely disturbed patients demonstrated improved performance on this task after 14 days of treatment with haloperidol. Stabilized patients maintained on fluphenazine decanoate did not show a significant change in performance during 3 ...
Sturgeon D - - 1984
Measurements of skin conductance response frequencies (SCRf) were obtained from 30 acutely ill schizophrenic patients during a standardised videotaped interview, conducted with the patient's key relative present. Significant differences in SCRf's were demonstrated between patients whose relatives had high and low Expressed Emotion (EE) respectively. Patients at high risk of ...
Kale H D - - 1984
Cardiovascular autonomic functions were studied in 32 patients of lepromatous leprosy, including 12 patients of lepra reaction. Fifty age and sex matched healthy subjects served as controls. Variable degree of autonomic dysfunction was observed in the study group. The derangement of autonomic functions in patients of leprosy can be explained ...
de Lange G - - 1984
The relationship between immunoglobulin allotypes and leprosy was studied in 91 unrelated patients and 100 healthy controls from Vietnam. Twenty Vietnamese patients with tuberculosis were also typed for the Gm, A2m and Km allotypes. The results were compared with those from the healthy controls. No significant association was found for ...
Kirk J W - - 1984
The ratings of schizophrenic and non-schizophrenic in-patients on a Semantic Differential were compared. Those schizophrenic patients who obtained low scores on a test of psychological construing (the Grid Test) made less use than other schizophrenics of extreme ratings on psychological scales on the Semantic Differential. The two groups of schizophrenics ...
Bartfai A - - 1984
Bilateral skin conductance (SC) and heart rate (HR) were recorded for 18 RDC-diagnosed unmedicated recently admitted psychotic patients (13 schizophrenic and 5 paranoid) and for age- and sex-matched controls, during rest and tone stimulation (85 dBA, 1000 Hz, 1 sec duration and 0.25 msec rise time). Schizophrenics had more SC ...
Zemlan F P - - 1984
The authors previously reported that a subgroup of schizophrenic-like patients respond favorably to lithium (Li) therapy, as do patients with a classical manic illness. In the present study, the time course of psychotic and affective symptom remission after Li therapy was examined in these two groups of patients. Li responsive ...
Ferrier I N - - 1984
The hormonal effects of apomorphine, a direct-acting dopamine receptor agonist, in schizophrenic patients are of interest in view of the therapeutic efficacy of dopamine receptor antagonists. In this study, apomorphine (0.75 mg s.c.) and placebo were administered to unmedicated acute and chronic schizophrenics and controls. Apomorphine-induced prolactin suppression did not ...
Reddy B N - - 1984
The disability rate in this study was 16.23%. The highest disability rate of 30.76% was found in those aged 45 years and above. Disabilities were found to be more common among male leprosy patients with a disability rate of 21.05% compared to that of 11.45% found among female leprosy patients. ...
Knudsen P - - 1984
A description is given of 10 schizophrenic patients whose condition was acutely aggravated following cannabis use, despite verified adequate depot treatment with neuroleptics. It is concluded that cannabis use constitutes a risk factor for schizophrenic patients, and the hypothesis is suggested that there may exist a cannabis-neuroleptics antagonistic interaction. Recent ...
Weizman R - - 1984
Basal morning humoral (H)-endorphin blood levels were assessed in ten autistic patients, 12 chronic schizophrenic patients and 11 healthy control subjects. Four autistic patients and four schizophrenic patients were drug free for at least 6 months while all other psychiatric patients were under treatment with antidopaminergic agents. Significantly reduced opioid ...
Winter M - - 1984
The drug difference between a low and a high dosage of haloperidol was investigated in 40 acutely ill schizophrenic patients. All patients were classified as being thought disordered or non-thought disordered schizophrenic using psychometric methods. From the pool of 40 patients two groups were randomly chosen for the double-blind study, ...
Chouinard G - - 1984
Sixteen schizophrenic patients, who were newly admitted to hospital from the emergency room, underwent a 3-6-day washout before being treated for 4 weeks with BW234U, a dimethylpiperazinyl-propylcarbazole derivative. Eight patients showed moderate to marked improvement in schizophrenic symptoms and there was a statistically significant (P less than 0.001) reduction in ...
Dawson M E - - 1984
Psychophysiological anomalies in symptomatic schizophrenic patients, remitted schizophrenic patients, and individuals at heightened risk for a schizophrenic disorder are reviewed with an emphasis on electrodermal anomalies. Two electrodermal anomalies are identified in different subgroups of symptomatic patients: (1) an abnormally high sympathetic arousal and (2) an abnormal absence of skin ...
Levy D L - - 1983
Impaired smooth pursuit eye movements are significantly less prevalent among the first-degree relatives of patients who have major affective disorders than among the first-degree relatives of schizophrenics. The distribution of normal and abnormal smooth pursuit among the relatives of unipolar and bipolar patients does not differ from that of normal ...
Schulz S C - - 1983
Recent research has demonstrated statistically significant differences between the ventricular-brain ratios (VBRs) of schizophrenic patients and control subjects. In this study the VBRs of teenage schizophrenic/schizophreniform patients (N = 15) and borderline patients (N = 8) were measured and compared with those of controls of similar ages (N = 18). ...
Cooper S J - - 1983
Episodes of aggression were monitored, using a questionnaire, for a 6-month period in the female observation ward of a General Psychiatric Hospital. The results show that: a small group of schizophrenic patients were responsible for most of the incidents; nursing staff and other patients fell victim equally frequently; few of ...
Hewitt K E - - 1983
Relatives of 39 schizophrenic patients attending a day hospital in South Glamorgan assessed the patients' behaviour at home covering a period of one week. The results pointed to the existence of a sub-group of patients with severe behavioural problems. These patients had had more psychiatric admissions, and had spent a ...
Frith C D - - 1983
On each of a sequence of trials subjects had to guess whether a cross would appear on the left or the right side of a computer screen. The sequence of cross positions was random. Normal controls, manic-depressive patients and patients with senile dementia produced relatively random sequences of responses, as ...
Luchins D J - - 1983
In a computed tomography (CT) study, scans from 45 schizophrenic patients on an acute treatment research ward and 62 headache control subjects were blindly compared. A reliable two-dimensional measure of occipital asymmetry did not detect any differences between the two groups. Within the patient sample, however, both a correlational and ...
Moses J A JA - - 1983
A new set of decision rules for identification of brain dysfunction among schizophrenic or schizoaffective disorder patients were tested with the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery. In a sample of 100 patients from these categories with normal neurological examination findings, three groups of patients were identified. These patients respectively were identified as ...
Schulman A - - 1983
In order to examine the reported beneficial effects of hemodialysis in chronic schizophrenic patients, a double-blind crossover study was carried out. Of the 47 patients considered for treatment, 10 diagnosed as chronic schizophrenics according to the Feighner and DSM-III criteria were accepted to the study. Seven of these patients completed ...
Splendiani G - - 1983
Thirty schizophrenic patients were treated with hemodialysis for 4-36 months. The clinical results were evaluated using two psychiatric scales: the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale and the Inpatient Multidimensional Psychiatric Scale. In 13 schizophrenic patients psychiatric symptoms disappeared completely, and complete social reintegration followed. Eight patients showed no significant modification of ...
Kumar A - - 1983
319 leprosy patients, attending our Mobile Treatment Unit, were monitored for their regularity of dapsone intake by (1) Physical verification of DDS tablets; and (2) Spot test, in the field. The consistency in regularity of DDS intake by these patients, was monitored at two more occasions at the interval of ...
Prabhakar M C - - 1983
Nose forms an important site at which the M. leprae in lepromatous leprosy (LL) patients lodge and multiply. Nose forms an important reservoir for M. leprae, from where they may be transmitted to healthy contacts. Inspite of realizing the above fact, nose does not normally receive due importance during the ...
Brecher M - - 1983
Schizophrenic patients have been observed to have a significantly diminished P300 component of the event-related potential (ERP). We investigated whether this result would be obtained with high-incentive stimuli. We presented 14 unmedicated patients and 14 controls with two easily identified visual stimuli under three conditions: (i) a nonincentive condition, (ii) ...
Johnson D A - - 1983
In a prospective follow-up the outcome of 60 chronic schizophrenic patients who discontinued neuroleptic therapy after remaining stable 12-48 months was compared with controls continuing medication. Not only did the drug-discontinued patients have more relapses (P less than 0.001), but the form of relapse was both more severe and acute, ...
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