Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 575
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Kartikeyan S - - 1992
A study of 1,338 leprosy affected agricultural labourers in an endemic district revealed that 12% had deformities. The patient's sex, type of disease, duration and educational status seemed to influence pattern of leprosy deformities. The patients continued working despite deformities in order to avoid financial dependence on their family members ...
Butler R W - - 1992
Some, although not all, researchers have reported dramatically increased numbers of perseverative responses on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in schizophrenic patients compared to normal comparison subjects. The current study was designed to further explore the nature of possible WCST deficits in a group of paranoid schizophrenic patients compared ...
Naber D - - 1992
Medical charts of 480 schizophrenic in-patients (581 treatments) were analysed to evaluate the efficacy and side-effects of clozapine. Clozapine treatment lasted for mean 49 (s.d. 38) days. Of the sample, 11.0% showed worsening or no change, 31.5% slight improvement, 53.0% marked improvement and 4.5% almost total reduction of symptoms. At ...
Bellack A S - - 1992
Thirty-four schizophrenic patients in an acute in-patient hospital were compared with 24 in-patients with major affective disorder and 19 non-patient controls on a role-play test of social skills and a test of affect perception. The role-play test consisted of 12 simulated conversations in which the subject was confronted by parents ...
Gerbaldo H - - 1992
Electroretinographic (ERG) measurements were performed in 9 schizophrenic patients and in 13 control subjects. The measurements of schizophrenic patients as a group did not differ from those of normals. However, 6 schizophrenic patients who had a past history of sun gazing showed a decrease in retinal responsiveness under conditions of ...
Lawson W B - - 1992
1. Patterns of fluid intake and urine output was examined in schizophrenia and normal controls. 2. Fluid intake and urine output were significantly higher in schizophrenic patients. 3. Bouts of drinking correlated significantly with fluid intake but did not differ significantly between schizophrenic patients and normal controls. 4. Schizophrenic patients ...
Kaneko M - - 1992
The function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA-axis) and its association with clinical features in chronic schizophrenia were investigated. Twenty of 33 chronic schizophrenics exhibited an abnormal diurnal variation of the saliva cortisol level. The patients with abnormal diurnal variation gave higher scores for some negative symptoms than those with normal ...
Takahashi D - - 1992
In a previous study an index (sigma 3) resulting from the summation of three parameters, i.e., presence of bacilli, even in small numbers, in various dermal structures, multiple positive antigen sites as detected by anti-BCG antiserum and dermal nerve involvement, identified 72.22% of cases of indeterminate leprosy which progressed to ...
Nuechterlein K H - - 1992
The Developmental Processes in Schizophrenic Disorders project is a longitudinal study of schizophrenic patients who have recently had a first episode of psychosis. The project focuses on discriminating characteristics of schizophrenic patients that are "stable vulnerability indicators," "mediating vulnerability factors," and "episode indicators" by comparing normal subjects to schizophrenic patients ...
Barnas C - - 1992
Zotepine, a neuroleptic agent with additional 5-HT2 blocking properties, was compared with haloperidol in the treatment of schizophrenic patients with predominantly negative symptoms using a double-blind design. During the investigation period zotepine treated patients showed significant improvements in all rating instruments whereas haloperidol treated patients did not. Patients in the ...
Dawson M E - - 1992
Electrodermal activity was measured in recent-onset schizophrenic patients (n = 98) and matched normal control subjects (n = 40) as part of an ongoing longitudinal study. Results at the initial inpatient test were generally consistent with the current consensus in the literature. A large subgroup of the patients was found ...
Harris M J - - 1991
Previous studies have reported that a proportion of younger schizophrenic patients have the "deficit syndrome," with persistent "negative" symptoms not secondary to factors other than the disease process (e.g., depression). Yet, there is scant information on the deficit syndrome in older schizophrenic patients. We studied 46 schizophrenic patients over age ...
Müller N - - 1991
In a retrospective study, the bilirubin plasma concentrations of every patient admitted to the Psychiatric Hospital were collected. Patients suffering from liver disease, substance abuse, overt hemolysis, or increased liver enzymes were excluded. Schizophrenics showed a significantly higher incidence of hyperbilirubinemia than patients suffering from other psychiatric disorders. This phenomenon ...
Gold J M - - 1991
Prior studies have suggested that schizophrenic patients with tardive dyskinesia (TD) have an unusual incidence of cognitive impairment, structural brain abnormalities, and negative symptoms. Twenty-seven schizophrenic patients with TD and an equal number of age-, gender-, and education-matched schizophrenic controls were studied. Each patient received neuropsychological testing, psychiatric symptom ratings, ...
Soni S D - - 1991
This study was designed to investigate the effects of regular alcohol consumption on chronic schizophrenic patients maintained on fluphenazine decanoate in the community. A group of patients who consumed more than 20 units of alcohol per week was compared with those who did not drink or did so only occasionally. ...
Goff D C - - 1991
Sixty-one chronically psychotic outpatients were grouped according to the presence or absence of a history of delusional possession. Compared with patients without a history of delusional possession (N = 36), possessed patients (N = 25) had significantly more self-reported childhood sexual abuse, higher dissociation scores, more cannabis abuse, more experiences ...
Young A H - - 1991
Thirty-one patients with schizophrenia and 33 normal control subjects underwent MRI. The BPRS was used to rate clinical symptoms and the NART to estimate pre-morbid IQ. All were right handed. The temporal lobe was significantly smaller on the left than the right in both the control and schizophrenic groups. The ...
el-Mallakh R S - - 1991
The large, hyperchromic, cholinergic neurons of the nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM) and the presence of senile plaques were quantified in postmortem brain tissue from 10 intellectually impaired schizophrenic patients, seven intellectually intact schizophrenic patients, seven control subjects, and three patients with Alzheimer's disease. The two groups of schizophrenic patients ...
Mattes R - - 1991
Fifteen schizophrenic patients (diagnosed according to DSM-III-R) and 15 age- and education-matched controls were tested on a computerized version of the Wisconsin card-sorting test (WCST). Slow Cortical Potentials (SCPs) were recorded throughout the performance from frontal, central and parietal electrode sites. As expected, the patients were impaired on the WCST, ...
Buchkremer G - - 1991
The objective of this study was to identify clinically relevant predictors of short-term (2 years) outcome in schizophrenic patients and to gather these predictors into one simple prognosis model for the course of the disease. Ninety-nine schizophrenic outpatients classified according to DSM-III criteria were observed for 3 years with regard ...
Shintani F - - 1991
We examined serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) in 90 schizophrenic patients in remission and 90 normal controls using enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA). We found a significant difference in variation between the schizophrenic and the control groups (F = 10.9, P less than .002). The difference in distribution was also statistically significant by ...
Karbe H H Universitätsklinik für Neurologie, Köln, Federal Republic of - - 1991
Four schizophrenic patients were investigated with dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) using (18F)fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and (18F)methylspiperone (MSP) as tracers. Two schizophrenics were on haloperidol therapy at the time of MSP PET. The other two schizophrenics were treated with clozapine, in one of them MSP PET was carried out twice with ...
Coger R W - - 1990
The literature suggests that some schizophrenic patients may have a dysfunction in the transfer of information between the two cerebral hemispheres via the corpus callosum (CC). The presence of an abnormally thickened CC in some schizophrenic patients and an abnormally thin CC in others suggests a possible anatomic basis for ...
Andreasen N C - - 1990
We evaluated ventricular-brain ratio with computed tomographic scanning in a sample of 108 DSM-III-diagnosed schizophrenic patients and 75 healthy normal volunteers. Significant differences were noted between the patients and controls, but our large sample size also permitted us to determine that the statistically significant difference was contributed primarily through the ...
Silver H - - 1990
Blood pressure readings at rest and on standing in 196 chronic schizophrenic patients on stable long-term antipsychotic treatment were compared with those in unmedicated healthy controls. Patients recorded significantly lower resting blood pressure and significantly higher prevalence of postural hypotension than controls. The prevalence of postural hypotension in patients was ...
Atkin S L - - 1990
In a combined clinical, radiological, and laboratory study of 77 patients throughout the leprosy spectrum, 10 patients had an enthesitis which has not been described previously as far as is known and which was not associated with the characteristics of erythema nodosum leprosum reactions. C reactive protein and alpha 1 ...
Rammsayer T - - 1990
Performance in temporal discrimination of time intervals in the range of milliseconds was compared in 80 healthy subjects, 27 patients with schizophrenic disorders, 33 patients with major depression, 21 patients with dysthymic disorders. For schizophrenic patients as well as for patients with major depression, pronounced deficits in duration discrimination could ...
Steimer-Krause E - - 1990
This paper is part of an extensive research project that is trying to examine transference and countertransference processes objectively. We have used a methodology that describes and analyzes interactive behavior patterns observed between different groups of patients with psychic disturbances and their interaction partners, who are uninformed about their problems. ...
Rossi A - - 1990
Thirty-nine patients with a chronic schizophrenic disorder and 29 healthy control subjects were examined by means of multiplanar magnetic resonance imaging. Schizophrenics as a group showed increased ventricular brain ratio and reduced corpus callosum area. When patients were grouped according to their performance on the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery (LNNB), a ...
Sandyk R - - 1990
There is evidence that reduced melatonin secretion is associated with the pathophysiology of neuroleptic-induced movement disorders including tardive dyskinesia and Parkinsonism. It has been recently reported that pinealectomized rats developed increased incidence and severity of spontaneous chewing movements compared to normal controls. Increased chewing movements in rats has been suggested ...
Gerbaldo H - - 1990
The Frankfurt well-being scale (FBS), an instrument for evaluating the global inner state in schizophrenic patients, was used in a pilot study with 26 chronic schizophrenic inpatients simultaneously with the Munich version of the Andreasen scale (SANS). 11 of 26 patients were able to complete the FBS questions. These patients ...
Singhal S - - 1990
The authors studied 10 men charged with patricide, including 2 men charged with both patricide and matricide and compared them with 10 schizophrenic patients who did not commit any crime. Eight patients who committed patricide were diagnosed as suffering from schizophrenic illness and 2 patients received a diagnosis of personality-disorder. ...
Fukuzako H - - 1990
Postural myoclonus associated with long-term administration of neuroleptics was demonstrated in schizophrenic patients. Sixty patients who had been taking neuroleptics for more than 3 months were investigated for myoclonus and the relationships between postural myoclonus and age, duration of illness, duration of medication, current daily dose, cumulative dose, occurrence of ...
Cleghorn J M - - 1990
Neuropsychological test performance was compared in 37 neuroleptic treated DSM-III schizophrenic patients, 27 untreated schizophrenic patients, and 27 normal controls. Neuroleptic treated patients performed significantly less well than untreated patients at recalling a complex figure, at planning on a mazes test, and had poorer fine motor coordination. Controls and untreated ...
Ohman K - - 1990
The main question of this study is: how does the psychiatrist's view of schizophrenic and borderline patients according to DSM-III relate to the patients' view of themselves in terms of their introjection ratings and their self-reported symptoms? For schizophrenic patients there is a great discrepancy between how they see themselves ...
Adler G - - 1990
The influence of stimulation frequency and stimulus intensity on the auditory evoked potential components N1 and P2 was investigated in schizophrenic and major depressive patients. The findings in the patients were compared with those in normal controls. At a high stimulation frequency the amplitude of N1 was enhanced in both ...
George J - - 1990
Serum beta-glucuronidase activity was estimated using phenolphthalein mono-beta-glucuronic acid as substrate in 176 individuals including 72 lepromatous leprosy patients, 24 patients of borderline leprosy, 42 of borderline tuberculoid and 38 healthy controls. Of these, 35 patients (20 with lepromatous leprosy, 5 with borderline leprosy and 10 with borderline tuberculoid) were ...
Soyka M - - 1990
In a retrospective study psychopathology, psychiatric family history and demographic data were studied in 53 patients with alcohol hallucinosis and an age- and sex-matched control group of 53 patients with paranoid schizophrenia who had been treated at the Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Munich between 1979 and 1986. The ...
Kaplan M J - - 1990
Enlargement of the cerebral third ventricle appears to be a replicable finding in groups of patients with psychotic illnesses, and there is evidence for an association of third ventricle enlargement with poorer response to treatment. Third ventricle area and width were measured from computed tomography (CT) scans in 24 mood-incongruent ...
Guillet G - - 1990
In order to investigate a possible involvement of phagocytic cells in the various types of leprosy, we undertook the study of enzymatic activities in circulating leucocytes. The activity of leucocytic alkaline phosphatase was studied by histochemical techniques on blood smears in 31 patients presenting with leprosy and aged between 4 ...
Volavka J - - 1990
To test the hypothesis of a "therapeutic window," we have randomly assigned acutely exacerbating schizophrenic or schizoaffective patients to one of three plasma levels of haloperidol (HAL): 2-13, 13.1-24, or 24.1-35 ng/ml. Patients who did not improve after 6 weeks of this treatment were randomly assigned to one of the ...
Kemali D - - 1990
1. CSF NA levels were determined in a sample of DSM III-diagnosed schizophrenics and in a non-psychiatric control group. Schizophrenics with NA levels above and below the median were compared with respect to several clinical, historical, neuropsychological and biological variables. 2. Mean CSF NA levels were significantly higher in schizophrenics ...
Stedman T J - - 1990
The prevalence of vomiting among schizophrenic inpatients was determined over a 6-week period; 8 of 19 patients (42%) experienced at least one episode of vomiting and 3 (16%) experienced 4 episodes. A hypothesis that this may be a dopaminergic supersensitivity phenomenon is proposed, but no association with tardive dyskinesia, another ...
Fukushima J - - 1990
We have examined visually guided saccade and antisaccade tasks in 32 schizophrenics, 13 patients with affective disorders and 36 normal controls. Latencies of saccades were within the normal range in all patients examined. In the antisaccade task, 26/32 schizophrenics showed more errors and/or longer latencies, whereas 11/13 patients with affective ...
Beckmann H - - 1990
In a prospective 4-year follow-up study, 26 out of 31 patients initially diagnosed as cycloid psychoses were investigated (anxiety-happiness psychosis n = 15; confusion psychosis n = 8; motility psychosis n = 3). Patients were independently interviewed by two clinical researchers. 61.5% showed one or several 'first-rank symptoms' according to ...
Schwarzkopf S B - - 1990
Third and lateral ventricular enlargement exists in a subgroup of schizophrenic patients. It is unclear, however, whether these abnormalities consistently coexist in the same patients or represent distinct pathologies. Whether these changes are static or progressive in nature is also unresolved. Third and lateral ventricular volumes (magnetic resonance imaging, total ...
Henneberg A - - 1990
T-lymphocyte subpopulations were examined in the peripheral blood of 30 acute schizophrenic patients and compared with 30 age- and sex-matched patients with non-inflammatory neurological diseases. Significant increases in the numbers of Pan-T and T-helper cells were found in schizophrenic patients compared to the controls. The interindividual variability of values in ...
Kirov G K GK Psychiatric Ward, District General Hospital, Kustendil, - - 1990
Plasma magnesium (Mg) levels were estimated in 15 schizophrenic, 10 depressed, 6 manic and 6 presenile Alzheimer's disease patients and compared with those in 303 healthy controls. The schizophrenic and depressed patients showed lower levels, but the levels were normal in the other two groups. Mg levels increased on achieving ...
Chatterjee G - - 1989
Twenty-five patients of bacilliferous leprosy (17 LL, 8 BL) were studied by the modified haemolysis method for occurrence of bacillaemia and its clearance after two multidrug therapy regimens. Acid-fast bacilli were found in 76% of all patients and in 88.2% LL and 50% BL patients. Bacillaemia occurred with significantly reduced ...
Braff D L - - 1989
The information-processing correlates of positive and negative symptoms in schizophrenic patients are of increasing clinical research interest. The author tested 40 schizophrenic patients and 35 normal control subjects and reports on two major findings. First, patients with negative symptoms had dramatic inflations of stimulus recognition thresholds, similar to the deficits ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >