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Results 201 - 250 of 573
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Spivak B - - 1997
Aggressive and impulsive behavior is frequently observed in schizophrenic patients. Previous studies suggest that impulsive aggression may be the most common behavioral correlate of central serotonergic system dysfunction. This study was aimed to determine if clozapine, an atypical antipsychotic agent with potent serotonergic antagonistic properties, can reduce impulsiveness and aggression ...
Stratta P - - 1997
The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) was administered to 92 schizophrenic patients, 25 first-degree relatives and 60 normal subjects in order to investigate whether this task could be considered a trait marker of vulnerability to schizophrenia. The schizophrenic patients performed significantly worse than either their relatives or normal subjects, but ...
Karaman T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Several reports have documented the presence of motor abnormalities in schizophrenic patients. METHOD: Thirty schizophrenics and 28 healthy controls were included in the study. Scalp-recorded bereitschaftpotentials (BPs) generated prior to voluntary movements were recorded in all subjects. RESULTS: The early (NSI) and late components of BP and peak negativity ...
Abbruzzese M - - 1997
In an our recent preliminary study, we reported the neuropsychological finding of a double dissociation in the frontal lobe functioning between 25 OCD patients and 25 schizophrenics. The first group performed normally in the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), which is considered sensitive to Dorso-Lateral Prefrontal Cortex (DLPFC) dysfunctions and ...
Woodruff P W - - 1997
We studied the relationship between corpus callosum area and both inter-hemispheric facilitation and interference in schizophrenics and controls. Mid-sagittal sections through the corpus callosum were measured using structural magnetic resonance imaging on 42 patients and 43 normal controls, along with symptom profiles. In a sub-sample, a modified version of the ...
Rajalingam R - - 1997
We have studied TAP polymorphism in a panel of 40 healthy individuals, 57 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and 50 with tuberculoid (TT) leprosy from North India. Only TAP2-A/F occurred with a significantly increased frequency in PTB patients as compared to controls (82.5% vs. 52.5%, P < 0.002, Pc < ...
Goldstein G - - 1997
We attempted to determine whether schizophrenic patients can improve their performance on an abstract reasoning task through experience, and to ascertain how the degree of learning compares with brain-damaged patients and patient controls. Two hundred and two schizophrenic patients, 179 brain-damaged patients and 229 patient controls were compared with regard ...
Shiloh R - - 1997
Six chronic neuroleptic-resistant schizophrenic patients, partial responders to clozapine, were co-administered 600 mg/day of sulpiride (a selective D(2) dopaminergic antagonist) as an augmentation to clozapine (a relatively weak D(2) blocker), for 10 weeks, open-labeled. A remarkable reduction in positive and negative symptoms was observed in four of the six patients.
Levine J - - 1997
Various findings suggest auto-immune changes in schizophrenia. We have recently demonstrated that platelets from schizophrenic patients bear autoantibodies (PAA) which cross-react with brain antigens. Accordingly, treatment of schizophrenia with an immunosuppressant might be of potential benefit. In a recent case study, a chronic schizophrenic patient treated with azathioprine has demonstrated ...
Hepp H H - - 1996
Schizophrenic patients (n = 44) and normal controls (n = 50) performed a computerized version of the Stroop color-word interference task. Schizophrenic patients generally showed more Stroop interference than normal subjects. The effect was neither related to demographic variables, nor to actual psychopathology. However, the course of the disorder was ...
el-Mallakh R S - - 1996
Psychosis in general and acute relapse of bipolar illness, in particular, are associated with elevated catecholamine excretion, cardiovascular changes, and changes in intracellular calcium concentration. In an effort to determine if these changes result in observable ECG abnormalities, we retrospectively examined ECG parameters of acutely disturbed bipolar and schizophrenic patients. ...
Lindström E - - 1996
In a total population of patients with a schizophrenic syndrome, the amount of antipsychotic drugs during a defined period was studied. Doses of antipsychotics were higher in males than in females, low to moderate in most patients, and decreased with the duration of illness. There was a significant negative correlation ...
Maher B A - - 1996
Schizophrenic patients, especially those with positive thought disorder, have been shown to show greater facilitation in a semantic priming task than normal controls and depressed patients. While some investigators have replicated these effects, others have not been able to do so. Differences in method and in the chronicity of the ...
Nisbet H - - 1996
The effectiveness of a training procedure to improve schizophrenic patients' Wisconsin Card Sorting Test performance was investigated. In the absence of the monetary incentive often employed, 10 schizophrenic in-patients' performance improved with training. This study provides further evidence that the cognitive deficiency associated with the frontal lobe, implied by schizophrenic ...
van Kammen D P - - 1996
The study attempted to identify pretreatment characteristics of chronic schizophrenic patients that would predict remission in psychosis and amount of clinical improvement after treatment with haloperidol. Thirty-five acutely relapsed schizophrenic patients were entered into a blind 6-week treatment protocol. Pretreatment measures were assessed for prediction of both remission status (dichotomous) ...
Abbruzzese M - - 1996
Results are reported from a neuropsychological investigation of a large group of schizophrenic patients (n = 141) and normal control subjects (n = 59) who performed the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). The schizophrenic patients were divided into two DSM-III-R diagnostic subgroups: paranoid and nonparanoid schizophrenia. The performance of the ...
Nakashima H - - 1996
Erythrocyte deformability as a clinical indicator of microcirculatory disturbance was determined in the erythrocyte of 25 schizophrenic patients and of 18 normal controls. Schizophrenic patients had significantly lower erythrocyte deformability than did the normal controls (P < 0.001). This result suggests that microcirculation in schizophrenic patients is disturbed, and that ...
Trappler B - - 1996
This study documents the effect of an untimely death on a group of patients in a psychiatric inpatient unit. The large community meeting was used as a forum to characterize unique bereavement patterns in a subgroup of schizophrenic patients. Nonschizophrenic patients tended to reach out to obtain comfort and support, ...
Fukuzako H - - 1996
We performed contiguous, 1 mm thick, magnetic resonance imaging scans in 18 men with chronic schizophrenia and in 18 age-matched healthy subjects to test in living patients the findings of a previous postmortem study. The schizophrenic patients showed bilaterally shortening (left, -6%; right, -9%) and volume reduction (left, -9%; right, ...
Ben-Aryeh H - - 1996
The extent of hypersalivation was evaluated in a group of 25 schizophrenic patients on clozapine. A high prevalence of the complaint was detected by a questionnaire; up to 80% of the patients complained of hypersalivation at night. Salivary flow-rate and composition was examined in 17 patients who agreed to participate ...
Fukuzako T - - 1996
In order to determine if cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) is more prevalent in schizophrenic patients, we studied 72 Japanese patients who fulfilled the DSM-III-R criteria for schizophrenia and 41 normal controls. Sagittal, 1 mm thick magnetic resonance imaging slices of the entire cranium were obtained using a gradient-echo pulse sequence, ...
Oades R D - - 1996
Event-related potentials (ERPS) in schizophrenics have been reported to show a reduced P3 on the left and less frontal mismatch negativity (MMN). But the specificity of such findings to component, its locus, the type of eliciting event and patient group remains uncertain. Hence, we examined ERP topography for P3, N2 ...
Cuesta M J - - 1996
A higher prevalence of neurological signs (NS) has been described in schizophrenic patients when compared with controls or patients with other mental illnesses. This study, which includes a sample of 66 DSM-IIIR schizophrenics, was designed to assess the relationship between 7 frontal neurologic signs described by Luria and cognitive disturbances ...
Kaplan Z - - 1996
The use of four-point physical restraints on a single occasion or repeatedly in psychiatric inpatients was followed prospectively during 1993 in Beer Sheva Mental Health Center. Mood-disordered patients had significantly more restraints per patient than did schizophrenic and schizoaffective patients. The monthly rates of restraints of mood-disordered and schizophrenic patients ...
Linszen D - - 1996
The effect of in-patient and individual orientated psychosocial intervention (IPI) and in-patient and individual and family orientated intervention (IPFI) across levels of expressed emotion (EE) on relapse was compared in a group of patients with recent onset schizophrenic disorders. Patients were randomly assigned to an individual orientated psychosocial intervention programme ...
Szymanski S - - 1996
Gender differences in neuroleptic-refractory chronic schizophrenic disorder patients were examined to determine whether a superior or equivalent antipsychotic response in women vs. men existed similar to that of the general schizophrenic population. Sixty-nine DSM-III schizophrenic patients (47 males and 22 females) were treated with clozapine using a standardized medication regime. ...
Kasper M E - - 1996
Forensic consultations with psychotic inpatients frequently include issues of risk management, such as dangerousness and civil commitment. An important dimension of these consultations is the role of command hallucinations in producing an increased risk of aggressive behavior. In the present study, psychotic patients with command hallucinations (N = 27) were ...
Kockott G - - 1996
One hundred schizophrenics and 58 patients with an affective psychosis who were in relatively stable condition and were being treated as outpatients, as well as 30 patients receiving dermatological treatment, were questioned in a semistructured interview about their sexual history. Forty-nine percent of schizophrenics, 36.2% of those with affective disorders, ...
Borcsiczky D - - 1996
Platelet rich plasma serotonin contents were examined using HPLC-EC method in patients suffering from different anxiety states and compared to age matched healthy controls. We have found significant increase of PRP serotonin level in the group of schizophrenic patients and in patients suffering from dementia compared to controls. PRP serotonin ...
Cañive J M - - 1996
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) offers an attractive alternative to electroencephalography (EEG) in the assessment of psychiatric patients. In this study, a whole-head biomagnetometer equipped with 122 super-cooled sensors was used to assess spontaneous neuromagnetic activity in 11 unmedicated schizophrenic patients and 8 schizophrenic patients medicated for more than 8 weeks with novel ...
Zemishlany Z - - 1996
An association between negative symptoms and frontal cortex abnormalities has been suggested in schizophrenic patients. We tested whether this association can be found when patients' task performance is good and while controlling for possible cortical atrophy. We investigated regional cerebral blood flow with the xenon-133 inhalation method in 9 unmedicated ...
Nilsson A - - 1995
Schizophrenics (12 males), borderline patients (12 males), and self-selected normal controls (11 males, 17 females) were compared using PORT (Percept-genetic Object-Relation Test), a projective test, diagnosis being on the basis of DSM-III and Kernberg's six descriptive borderline criteria. The aim of the study was to compare the three groups in ...
Hietala J - - 1995
Presynaptic dopamine function (6-[18F]-fluorodopa uptake) in the brains of seven neuroleptic-naive first-admission schizophrenic patients and eight healthy controls was studied with positron emission tomography. The fluorodopa influx constant (Ki) in putamen was higher in the patients than in controls (average mean: 0.0149 vs 0.0129, p = 0.034). The changes in ...
Karlsson P - - 1995
SCH 39166 is the first selective D1 dopamine receptor antagonist developed for the treatment of schizophrenic patients. To examine potential antipsychotic effect, tolerability and safety, SCH 39166 was given orally to 17 acutely ill drug free schizophrenic patients (DSMIIIR) in an open 4-week study. Doses were escalated from 10 to ...
de Beaurepaire R - - 1995
Six psychotic patients were included in a four-week study of the effects of the D1 selective antagonist SCH 39166 given as monotherapy. Four had a diagnosis of schizophrenia, and two suffered from a schizoaffective disorder. All presented with an acute psychotic exacerbation at the beginning of the trial. SCH 39166 ...
Cuesta M J - - 1995
A principal component analysis of Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) scores has recently shown three factors. Only the Perseveration factor may measure the activity of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in schizophrenic patients. Liddle has hypothesized that a dysfunction in this area is specifically related to the negative syndrome and not ...
Gonsalvez C J - - 1995
This event-related potential study systematically varied the number of nontargets (1, 3, 5, 7, 9) preceding the target tone in an oddball experiment and examined the effect of this on N2, P3, and reaction time measures in schizophrenic patients and normal volunteers. Schizophrenic patients were found to have reduced P3 ...
Gray N S - - 1995
The dual aims of the study were (1) to examine the effect of neuroleptic medication on the expression of latent inhibition (LI) by studying LI in drug naive schizophrenic patients, and (2) to investigate the relationship between LI and dopamine D2 receptor binding in the basal ganglia using single photon ...
Serres F - - 1995
1. Kinetic parameters of erythrocyte L-tryptophan (TRP) uptake (Vmax, maximal velocity and Km, Michaelis constant) were determined in 19 neuroleptic-free schizophrenic patients and in 19 healthy volunteers. Both Vmax and Km values were significantly lower in schizophrenic patients than in controls. 2. Mean Vmax value was found to be lower ...
Harvey P D - - 1995
Although schizophrenic patients manifest cognitive impairments, there is considerable variability across patients in the severity of this impairment. Very chronic patients with a poor outcome, particularly geriatric patients, manifest the most severe impairments, which have often been characterized as resembling dementia. This study examined age-related changes in cognitive functioning in ...
Siever L J - - 1995
Although an increase in the ratio of ventricular space to brain (ventricle-brain ratio), VBR) on computed tomography (CT) has been among the most robust findings in chronic schizophrenia, VBR has not been investigated in a large, well-characterized clinical population of patients with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD), a clinical entity with ...
Mehra N K - - 1995
This study reports our observations on the correlation between HLA-DR2 subtypes and their DR-DQ haplotypes in patients with tuberculoid (TT) leprosy and pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). DRB1*1501 was significantly increased in patients with PTB (90%) as compared to controls (p < 0.05); whereas the prevalence of DRB1*1502 was significantly increased in ...
Teusch L - - 1995
Little is known about sexual dysfunctions associated with psychiatric disorders and psychopharmacological treatment. In the present study schizophrenic patients (n = 45, mostly under neuroleptic treatment), neurotic patients (n = 50, mostly treated without medication), methadone-substituted opiate addicts (n = 37), and normal controls (n = 41) were included. They ...
Aizenberg D - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Neuroleptic treatment in schizophrenic patients is associated with sexual dysfunction. However, it is not clear to what extent the psychiatric disorder and/or the pharmacologic treatment are responsible for the sexual impairment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the sexual function of untreated and treated male schizophrenic ...
O'Connell R A - - 1995
Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging with n-isopropyliodoamphetamine (IMP) was performed on 11 patients with bipolar mania, 21 acute schizophrenics, and 15 healthy control subjects. Subjects were evaluated with neuropsychological tests and psychiatric rating scales. SPECT brain studies were blindly evaluated to assess the degree of radiopharmaceutical uptake in three ...
Wesselmann U - - 1995
The frequency of galactorrhea and the subjective response to it were investigated in 150 schizophrenic patients. The incidence rate was 14% and the prevalence rate 19%. More than half the women experienced galactorrhea in connection with their femininity, with this side effect of neuroleptic therapy being rated more often as ...
Varma S L - - 1995
Schizophrenics (n = 250) and normal controls (n = 90) were studied to investigate and compare their dermatoglyphic patterns. Their fingerprint patterns were studied. The frequency of arches in the patient and control groups was similar. The frequency of loops in the control group was higher than in the patient ...
Gupta S - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess neurological soft signs and developmental reflexes in schizophrenic patients who had never received neuroleptic medication and those who were receiving neuroleptic medication. METHOD: Neurological soft signs and developmental reflexes were examined in 26 schizophrenic patients who had never received a neuroleptic, ...
Pahl J J - - 1995
Cerebral glucose metabolic rates were determined in normal control subjects (n = 26) and schizophrenic patients with tardive dyskinesia (n = 14). Globus pallidus and primary motor cortex (precentral gyrus) metabolic values divided by those of the cerebral hemispheres were significantly increased in the patient group. A similar metabolic pattern ...
Tsavaris N - - 1995
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity was determined cytochemically in peripheral blood lymphocytes and neutrophils of 14 schizophrenic patients and normal controls. The cytochemical method of Glenner modified for smear preparations was utilized. Schizophrenic patients show a tendency to express a lower percentage of MAO-positive neutrophils as compared to the non-schizophrenic controls. ...
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