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Results 501 - 550 of 575
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Rauscher F P - - 1980
A diminished cutaneous response to intradermal histamine has been reported by schizophrenics in at least 12 studies over the past 50 years. This literature is reviewed and compared to the present investigation in which both the wheal and flare response to intradermal histamine is examined in chronic schizophrenic patients, their ...
Kimura S - - 1980
The course and the prognosis of atypical psychosis were discussed on 58 cases. In contrast to schizophrenics, the relative length of admission was quite short. It seemed there was a certain difference in the clinical pictures between the late and early onset groups. We recognized two contradictory tendencies to repeat ...
Young M A - - 1980
A retrospective study of 61 acute schizophrenic patients examined whether any demographic, clinical, and outcome characteristics distinguished patients who improved with placebo or low dosages of antipsychotics (PLD patients) from patients who required high conventional dosages of antipsychotics (HCD patients). Patients in the PLD group (n = 30) and HCD ...
Sehgal V N - - 1980
A simultaneous clinical and histological study in 82 new, untreated leprosy patients was undertaken using the criteria of Ridley and Jopling. The disparity between the clinical and the histological diagnosis was abundantly clear, because in only 35 patients the two conformed with each other while in others there was a ...
Wallace C J - - 1980
The literature dealing with social skills training of schizophrenic patients indicates that topographical features and self-reports of anxiety and discomfort can be changed for the better by social skills training. Unfortunately, these changes do not occur for every patient and, when they do occur, often do not generalize to new ...
Ragheb M - - 1980
A 4-week clinical trial, including a 1-week placebo washout period, assessed the antipsychotic activity of naltrexone in 'newly admitted', actively hallucinating, chronic schizophrenics. Chronic naltrexone administration was found to benefit 2 patients and to be of no value in 3 patients. Responsive patients differed from non-responders by the presence of ...
Abrams R - - 1979
We analyzed the EEGs of 27 schizophrenic patients and 132 patients with affective disorder who received diagnoses according to rigorous research criteria. The proportion of abnormal EEGs was twice as great among schizophrenics as among affectives, and when the groups were compared for localized cortical differences, schizophrenics had more temporal ...
Ashkenazi A - - 1979
Production of a leukocyte migration inhibition factor by peripheral blood lymphocytes in response to challenge with gluten fractions was studied in hospitalized patients with schizophrenia and other psychoses compared with normal individuals and with children and adolescents with celiac disease. The schizophrenic and other psychotic patients could be subdivided into ...
Ross M - - 1979
Plasma beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity was measured by a method that was equally sensitive to beta-endorphin and [Leu5]-beta-endorphin. Immunoreactivity in 98 schizophrenic patients did not differ greatly from that in 42 normal subjects. No immunoreactivity was detectable in dialyzates from first-time hemodialysis of eight nonpsychotic renal patients and nine schizophrenic patients. These ...
Yozawitz A - - 1979
The association between lateralized hemispheric dysfunction and psychiatric diagnosis was investigated with a measure of summation of dichotic clicks and with a dichotic competing message task. Ear asymmetries of affective psychotic patients were similar to those of right temporal lesioned controls and differed from those of schizophrenic patients and normal ...
Modai I - - 1979
Active uptake of serotonin by blood platelets of acute schizophrenic patients has been compared to that of a control group. Preliminary results presented in this article indicate that the uptake of the schizophrenic patients was about 40% lower than that of controls. Patients were followed over a period of 5 ...
Weinberger D R - - 1979
Enlarged cerebral ventricles in chronic schizophrenic patients suggest a process of mild cerebral atrophy occurs in some. To see if this process involves the cerebral cortex, the widths of the Sylvian fissure, the interhemispheric fissure, and three cortical sulci were measured blindly on computerized tomography (CT) scans of 75 chronic ...
Weinberger D R - - 1979
To investigate if cerebral ventricular enlargement is associated with chronic schizophrenia, computerized tomography scans from 73 psychiatric patients were compared with 56 asymptomatic volunteers all less than 50 years old. Ventricular size was significantly greater in the subgroup of 58 chronic schizophrenic patients than in the controls. Of the chronic ...
Sharda D P - - 1979
Fibrinolytic activity was studied in 50 patients of leprosy and 30 healthy individuals who served as control. Fibrinolytic activity was determined by measuring euglobulin lysis. No significant alteration in fibrinolytic activity was observed in patients with non-lepromatous leprosy, the levels being approximately similar to control group. However, fibrinolytic activity was ...
Newmark C S - - 1979
The prognostic validity of the Rorschach Rating Scale was assessed with schizophrenic patients. Through the use of a standardized structured interview and a diagnostic system for schizophrenia based on the use of discriminant function analysis with nonpathognomonic symptom combinations, a reliable and valid system was used to establish the criterion ...
Chiewsilp P - - 1979
HLA-A and -B locus antigens were determined in 170 unrelated patients with leprosy and 100 healthy controls. There were no statistically significant deviations from expected antigen distribution in patients with any of the various forms of leprosy, though the number of patients studied is relatively small. There were some interesting ...
Lewis R V - - 1979
A previously unknown peptide, betaH-Leu5-endorphin, has been reported in the dialysates of schizophrenic patients. Accordingly, hemofiltrates from two schizophrenic and two control patients were examined for the presence of betaH-Leu5-endorphin. The opioid peptides were detected by a radioreceptor assay after separation and identification by gel filtration and high-performance liquid chromatography. ...
Peters J G - - 1979
Cerebrospinal fluid metabolites of dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin were studied in two groups of left temporal lobe epileptic patients, the only difference between the two groups being that one group had paranoid schizophrenic symptomatology. Homovanillic acid accumulation was decreased in this group. This finding may be a biochemical indicator of ...
Strauss M E - - 1979
A crossover pattern similar to that reported for inpatient schizophrenics (e.g., Bellissimo and Steffy 1972) has now been found for outpatients, and its frequency of occurrence in these outpatients is comparable to that reported for hospitalized patients by DeAmicas and Cromwell (1978). The process-reactive construct was unrelated to crossover in ...
Al-Mudhaffar S A - - 1979
Reduced monoamine oxidase was found in the sera of fourty five schizophrenic patients with enzyme level (10 units), only five of these patients show enzyme level identical with minimum range of normal controls. Michaelis constants of schizophrenic patients show great difference from that of the normal controls. Our result suggests ...
Shagass C - - 1979
Several methods of quantitative analysis were applied to the left parietal 'resting' EEGs of 48 nonpatient controls and 90 undrugged psychiatric inpatients. Patient and control groups, matched for age and sex, differed as follows: (a) Mean frequency was lower and frequency variability was greater in the total patient group than ...
Wagemaker H - - 1978
Ten schizophrenic patients were dialyzed once a week for 16 weeks. They showed marked abnormalities in thinking, affect, and behavior. When out of the hospital, they lived vegetative, nonproductive lives. Seven patients at the end of the 16-week period showed no or minimal symptoms involving thinking, affect, and behavior. One ...
Gravem A - - 1978
The clinical effect of cis(Z)-clopenthixol has been compared with that of clopenthixol, which is a mixture of the pharmacologically active cis(Z)-isomer and the inactive trans(E)-isomer. In the 2-month double-blind trial were included 57 psychotic patients, mainly schizophrenics. Ratings evaluating severity of illness, therapeutic effect, possible interference of side effects with ...
- - 1978
Interrelationships among six patient characteristics recorded upon entry into the trial were analyzed for 67 patients with lepromatous and near-lepromatous leprosy admitted into two chemotherapy trials. Sex was found to be significantly associated with age and with the histopathologic classification; disproportionately large numbers of older patients and of patients classified ...
Alexander P E - - 1978
Serum calcium and magnesium were studied in drug-free and neuroleptic-treated schizophrenic patients. Calcium and magnesium were not significantly different in 31 unmedicated schizophrenic patients compared with normal controls. Serum calcium was altered, however, in two subgroups: (1) Patients who remitted after neuroleptic withdrawal were significantly lower in calcium than those ...
Reynolds T D - - 1978
Daily behavioral observations were made for several years on 10 male schizophrenic patients and on three male patients with organic brain disorders. Analysis of these data showed strong cyclic components in the five schizophrenic patients with predominantly hebephrenic symptomatology. Period lengths noted were about 2 days, 5 to 6 days, ...
Rea T H - - 1978
The records of ten patients with Lucio's phenomenon showed clinical and histopathological changes similar to those described by others. Lucio's phenomenon is a syndrome distinct from erythema nodosum leprosum as indicated by an absence of fever, leukocytosis and tenderness, a failure to respond to thalidomide, and a restriction to patients ...
Lichtshtein D - - 1978
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels in the CSF were measured in 9 normal individuals, 17 drug-free schizophrenic patients and 10 of these same schizophrenic patients after neuroleptic treatment. There was no significant difference between CSF level of GABA in the control group compared to those in schizophrenic patients; however, 6 of ...
Sartorius N - - 1978
Results of the 2-year followup of the patients included in the International Pilot Study of Schizophrenia (World Health Organization 1973) indicate that patients diagnosed schizophrenic on the basis of standardized assessments and clearly specified criteria demonstrated very marked variations of course and outcome over a 2-year period. Schizophrenic patients in ...
Anavi R - - 1978
We studied the capacity of sera from schizophrenic patients and from normal blood bank donors to agglutinate sheep erythrocytes coated with extracts of human brain. Passive hemagglutination of coated erythrocytes was obtained with 36.4% of the assayed sera of the schizophrenia patients and with 11% of the control sera. Drug ...
Naik S S - - 1978
The Dapsone/creatinine ratio in random samples of urine was determined in 910 infectious leprosy patients attending the outpatient department of the Acworth Leprosy Hospital, Bombay during the period 20-9-76 to 20-11-1976. It was found that 48.7% of them were not taking regular treatment. The patients who were detected to be ...
Takata H - - 1978
A total of 60 leprosy patients, 28 of lepromatous and 32 of tuberculoid form, and 70 active tuberculosis patients was compared with a control of 184 for 34 HLA specificities. The most interesting finding was an increased frequency (10.0%) for HLA-B8 (corrected P = 0.062, relative risk = 20.3) in ...
Rierdan J - - 1977
The spatial behavior of schizophrenic and non-schizophrenic psychiatric patients (n equal to 64) was assessed as subjects seated themselves for an interview. The methodology employed was one for which normative data were already available. Results indicated no differences in the seating selections of the patient groups, although the spatial behavior ...
Morgan R - - 1977
An account is given of impressions and observations collected during three weeks in November 1975 which the writer spent with two of his chronic schizophrenic patients in a purpose-built isolation unit inside which it was impossible to have any idea of the real time. This experience gave the observer an ...
Rutter D R - - 1977
Previous research has suggested that schizophrenic patients sometimes show abnormal patterns of visual interaction and speech. Several important questions remain, however, and the present study was designed for two purposes; to examine the behaviour of remitted patients; and to follow up a suggestion that acute patients show abnormalities only in ...
Fleminger J J - - 1977
Eight hundred psychiatric patients and eight hundred controls completed a handedness preference questionnaire. There was no significant difference in handedness between the two samples, but, contrary to some previous reports, excess of sinistrality was not associated with male sex. The distribution of handedness was similar in neurotics and controls, but ...
Sehgal V N - - 1977
The prevalence of leprosy in a school survey conducted in Panaji, India was found to be 5.3 per 1,000 with males predominating. The majority of patients had a single lesion on exposed parts of the body showing the clinical characteristics of tuberculoid leprosy. However, clinical features of indeterminate leprosy were ...
Greenblatt M - - 1977
The author reports on studies of the comparative efficacy of ECT, the newer psychotropic drugs, and combinations of both in the treatment of depression and schizophrenia. He concludes that ECT is indicated for acutely suicidal and other severely impaired depressive patients but not necessarily for schizophrenic patients, although ECT has ...
Swett C C - - 1977
The frequency of extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) attributed to chlorpromazine among 86 patients who received benztropine for the prevention of EPS (9.3%) was similar to that of the 568 patients who received chlorpromazine alone (10.6%). The data in this small sample indicated that the prophylactic use of benztropine had no effect ...
Crayton J W - - 1977
The excitability at the alpha-motoneuron pool was studied by measuring the spinal monosynaptic reflex responses of soleus muscle to paired stimuli in psychiatric patients and controls. Patients showed significant alterations in the recovery of excitability when compared with normal volunteers. Specifically, the value for the peak of "secondary facilitation" was ...
Hays P - - 1977
Schizophrenic patients (249) were divided into those with and those without a family history of major functional psychosis. The same patients were then divided into those with entirely normal electroencephalograms and those whose traces contained some variant of normal. Traces were interpreted without knowledge of the patients' identities, and the ...
Ekambaram V - - 1977
A study to assess the evolution of the disease in non-lepromatous group, who have taken no treatment in a six year period 1970-1975, was undertaken. Among the 714 patients who did not take treatment, only 432 cases (60.5%) could be examined. The majority of these patients (425) had single lesions. ...
McGlashan T H - - 1977
The concepts of integration and sealing-over as recover styles from acute psychosis are common clinical parlance. Our experience with acute schizophrenic patients has led to specific operational definitions and a scale which can reliably assign patients to these two categories. All acutely schizophrenic patients on an NIH Clinical Center research ...
Frith C D - - 1977
The performance of 21 chronic schizophrenic patients was investigated on two tests of feature selection. It was found that patients with negative symptoms (muteness, withdrawal, etc.) were characterized by an extreme lack of persistence, but selected usual features; whereas patients with positive symptoms (hallucinations, delusions, etc.) had a normal degree ...
Preskorn S H - - 1977
Three cases of acute psychotic illness following sudden withdrawal from high daily doses of benzodiazepines were associated with agitation and confusion. Disorientation was prominent in two of the patients. None of the patients had had previous psychotic episodes. The condition of all patients was reversed dramatically with hypnotic drugs. Gradual ...
Linn E L - - 1977
Verbal auditory hallucinations of schizophrenic patients are usually sensed as coming from m-ltiple voices. The voices are usually not recognized by patients; they are anonymous. They are expressed mainly in the second person (as if directed to the patient by others), occasionally in the third person (as if two or ...
Rutter D R - - 1976
Several reports have suggested that schizophrenic patients engage in very little Looking and eye-contact. However, previous work, much of it methodologically unsatisfactory, has been based almost always on the clinical psychiatric interview, with the result that several important questions remain unanswered. In particular, we do not know how schizophrenic patients ...
Chouinard G - - 1976
The authors compared penfluridol, a long-acting neuroleptic that can be administered orally once a week, with chlorpromazine in the treatment of 33 newly admitted schizophrenic patients in a brief therapy unit. Patients receiving either drug improved enough to be discharged in 3 weeks. Penfluridol-treated patients experienced less drowsiness than those ...
Krieger M J - - 1976
The hypothesis that the behavior of schizophrenic patients is determined in part by role expectation was investigated. The Holtzman Inkblot Technique and a word association task were administered to the same patients under two conditions: (1) Ss were led to believe that the interviewer was unaware of their patient status ...
Johnson D A - - 1976
The results from a prospective follow-up study of a group of schizophrenic patients suggest that a significant proportion (41 per cent) are likely to relapse during a two-year period despite the prescription of long-acting injectable neuroleptic drugs. Some will relapse because of a failure of the regime, but others (32-37 ...
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