Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 786
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Midi Ipek - - 2011
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Verbal fluency deteriorates with normal aging, but is much more severe in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Verbal functions were analyzed to find differences between normal aging subjects in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and in patients with early and moderate stages of AD. This study measured the verbal response ...
Edwards Mark J - - 2011
Psychogenic tremor is the commonest psychogenic movement disorder, yet little is known of its pathophysiology. Given the presence of movements that appear from their physiological properties to be voluntarily produced, and yet are not experienced as such by the patients, we hypothesised that patients might have an abnormal conscious experience ...
Tombul Temel - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) can cause alterations in autonomic cardiovascular functions. We aimed to investigate the correlation of disease activity and disability with heart rate variability (HRV) of cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction (CAD) demonstrated by 24-h Holter monitorization. Thirty-four patients with clinically active relapsing-remitting MS, age 33.8 +/- 7.6 years, were studied. ...
Wang Wenjuan - - 2011
To investigate the characteristics of transcranial Doppler variables in the acute stage of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and its relationship with 14-day death and outcomes at 90 day after onset. Ninety first-time supratentorial nontraumatic ICH patients were prospectively included. Computed tomography and transcranial Doppler examinations were performed on the first, third, ...
Premru Vladimir - - 2011
Acute renal failure is a major complication of rhabdomyolysis. New membranes for hemodialysis have been developed with a high cut-off pore size allowing efficient removal of myoglobin. We report on six patients treated by hemodiafiltration with a high cut-off membrane (HCO-HDF) for myoglobinuric acute renal failure. Rhabdomyolysis was caused by ...
Choi Woong Gil - - 2011
Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) occurs commonly in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). This study was conducted to explore the role of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony in developing FMR in patients with DCM in comparison with geometric parameters of the mitral apparatus. Twenty patients without FMR and 33 patients with FMR ...
Olesen Søren Schou - - 2011
Abstract Objective. Alterations of the electroencephalogram (EEG) have been reported in patients with hepatic encephalopathy (HE). However, previous methods have not assessed transient phenomena in the EEG signal (dynamics) and associations to psychometric test performance have in general been poor. The aims were to quantify spectral and dynamic EEG abnormalities ...
Kang Seok Hui - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Oxford classification was developed as a pathological classification system for immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) to predict the risk of disease progression. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical and pathologic relevance of the Oxford classification in Korean patients with a pathologic diagnosis ...
Klomp Anne - - 2012
Volumetric differences of the hypothalamus and/or the pituitary gland tend to support involvement of the HPA axis in psychotic disorders. These structures were manually outlined in 154 schizophrenia patients and 156 matched healthy comparison subjects by MRI brain images. Linear regression analyses were performed to investigate differences in volume between ...
Hasan Alkomiet - - 2011
In schizophrenia patients reduced cerebral asymmetry is an important finding and this may reflect a disturbance in cortical development. We investigated planum temporale (PT) volume and asymmetry in 23 first-episode schizophrenia patients compared to healthy controls and found for the first time an in vivo volume asymmetry of PT to ...
Poe Dennis S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: 1. To create techniques for measurement of parameters of Eustachian tube (ET) dilation as observed with video endoscopy.2. To study correlations of the parameters between healthy subjects and patients with ET dysfunction to determine if they may be important for clinical or investigational use. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study in ...
Troester Matthew - - 2011
Purpose:  Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are a malformation of the ventral hypothalamus and tuber cinereum, associated with gelastic seizures and epilepsy. We sought to determine the spectrum of electroencephalography (EEG) abnormalities in a large cohort of HH patients. Methods:  Data was collected for HH patients undergoing evaluation between 2003 and 2007. ...
San-Juan Daniel - - 2011
The characterization of a seizure as generalized or focal onset depends on a basic knowledge of the underlying pathophysiology. Recently, an uncommon phenomenon in generalized epilepsy-evolution of seizures from generalized to focal followed by secondary generalization-was reported for the first time. We describe a 15-year-old boy, initially classified as having ...
Ng Shin Yi - - 2011
PURPOSE: There have been case reports of hypokalaemia and hyperkalaemia on induction and cessation of thiopentone barbiturate coma for refractory intracranial hypertension, respectively. However, the incidence and characteristics are not well described. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients who received thiopentone barbiturate therapy for refractory intracranial hypertension ...
Castellucci Paolo - - 2011
The aim of our retrospective study was to assess the incidence of increased uptake of (68)Ga-DOTANOC in the head of the pancreas among a large population of patients with extrapancreatic neuroendocrine tumors studied with serial (68)Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT. METHODS: Patients who had undergone at least two (68)Ga-DOTANOC PET/CT studies over time ...
Sharma Vikas - - 2011
Transthoracic electrical bioimpedance (TEB) has been proposed as a non-invasive, continuous, and cost-effective method of cardiac output (CO) measurement. In this prospective, non-randomized, clinical study, we measured CO with NICOMON (Larsen and Toubro Ltd., Mysore, India) and compared it with thermodilution (TD) method in patients after off-pump coronary artery bypass ...
Bharosay Anuradha - - 2011
Stroke being the third leading cause of death and foremost cause of disability, if potential diagnostic utility of blood borne protein biomarkers in predicting acute stroke is established, it would be a substantial adjunct to computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging which have their own limitations. This study was done ...
Brignole Michele - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: We present data on patients with syncope due to paroxysmal atrioventricular (AV) block unexplainable in terms of currently known mechanisms. BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal AV block is known to be due to intrinsic AV conduction disease or to heightened vagal tone. METHODS: We evaluated 18 patients presenting with unexplained syncope who ...
Singh Zeba N - - 2011
Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) consists of disorders with overlapping dysplastic and proliferative features. The diagnosis of CMML requires absolute monocytosis (> 1000/μL) in addition to other criteria outlined by the World Health Organization (WHO) classification.(1) Monocytosis not reaching 1000/μL has been observed in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and presents a diagnostic ...
Wani Imtiaz - - 2011
Background/aims: Gallbladder ascariasis is rarely encountered. The causative agent is Ascaris lumbricoides. Presence of ascaris inside the gallbladder can incite acalculous cholecystitis. We aimed in this report to study gallbladder ascariasis. Methods: This is a case study of 28 patients with a diagnosis of gallbladder ascariasis from 2005 to 2010 ...
Matsuda Yukihisa - - 2011
This study examined the size of the useful visual field in patients (9 men, 6 women) with schizophrenia. A choice reaction task was conducted, and performances at 2.5, 5, 7, 10, and 25 degrees in both visual fields were measured. Three key findings were shown. First, patients had slower choice ...
Yiu K-H - - 2011
Background  Psoriasis is associated with premature atherosclerosis although the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Objectives  We sought to investigate the relationship between disease activity and systemic inflammation in patients with psoriasis, and macrovascular and microvascular function. Methods  Fifty-two patients with psoriasis (mean ± SD age 44 ± 8 years; 38 men) were compared with 50 age- ...
Kira F - - 2011
This study compared changes in intragastric pressure (IGP) in response to a gastric distension stimulus caused by air insufflation in 25 patients with non-erosive gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (NERD) and 34 healthy volunteers (controls). In four NERD patients, IGP responses were also measured before and after oral treatment with 10 mg ...
Silveri Massimiliano - - 2011
To define timing and methods for a balanced follow-up of testicular microlithiasis (TM) in pediatric age. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 21 pediatric asymptomatic patients (42 testicular units) diagnosed with TM and without associated risk factors. Microliths were found bilaterally on ultrasonography in all the patients. Distribution of microliths ...
Zhang C - - 2011
Accumulating evidence indicates that psoriasis is associated with increased risk of overweight and obesity. However, few studies have investigated this relationship in Chinese Han population. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between overweight/obesity and psoriasis and to evaluate the overweight/obesity effect on the clinical features of ...
Ogawa Haruhiko - - 2011
[Objective]The aim of the present study was to clarify the influence of sensitization to Bjerkandera adusta(B. adusta)on the clinical manifestation in patients with fungus-associated chronic cough(FACC).[Methods]Seventeen patients with FACC who underwent bronchoprovocation tests using an antigenic solution of B. adusta were selected from among 21 FACC patients. We compared the ...
Isaacs Seth - - 2011
Biofilm formation has been implicated as an etiologic factor in the development of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Nasal irrigation with surfactants including dilute baby shampoo have been proposed as an antibiofilm treatment for CRS patients. The effect of dilute baby shampoo on normal sinonasal mucosal function is unknown. Mucociliary clearance time ...
Chenausky Karen - - 2011
According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, approximately 500,000 Americans have Parkinson's disease (PD), with roughly another 50,000 receiving new diagnoses each year. 70%-90% of these people also have the hypokinetic dysarthria associated with PD. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) substantially relieves motor symptoms in advanced-stage patients for whom medication ...
BalnytÄ— Renata - - 2011
OBJECTIVE. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of this classical technique employed at the Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences for the patients with multiple sclerosis and to assess its possible correlations with affected neurological systems. Material and METHODS. Pattern shift visual evoked ...
Abeysuriya V - - 2011
The pathogenesis of idiopathic pancreatitis (IP) remains poorly understood. Our hypothesis is that IP is a sequel of micro-crystallization of hepatic bile. A prospective case control study compared 55 patients; symptomatic cholelithiasis - 30 (14 male, median age 36 years; mean BMI - 25.1 kg/m2), gallstone pancreatitis - 9 (3 ...
Tobin A-M - - 2011
Background.  Psoriasis is a hyperproliferative, cutaneous disorder with the potential to lower levels of folate. This may result in raised levels of homocysteine, an independent risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. Objective.  A study was conducted to compare levels of red-cell folate (RCF) and homocysteine in patients with ...
Piatkowski Andrzej - - 2011
Soluble CD163 (sCD163) has been previously shown to play a role in inflammatory and infectious diseases. This study, for the first time, investigates the characteristics and potential values of sCD163 in burn patients. A first look is taken on the changes of sCD163 levels in burn patients by comparing predefined ...
Ediz Levent - - 2011
The prevalance of osteoporosis or osteopenia in Turkish population with ulcerative colitis (UC) at the diagnosis time has not been evaluated so far. Therefore we aimed to determine the prevelance and risk factors of decreased bone mineral density (BMD) in UC patients at the diagnosis time in Turkey. We retrospectively ...
Skar Helena - - 2011
The molecular evolution of HIV-1 is characterized by frequent substitutions, indels and recombination events. In addition, a HIV-1 population may adapt through frequency changes of its variants. To reveal such population dynamics we analyzed HIV-1 subpopulation frequencies in an untreated patient with stable, low plasma HIV-1 RNA levels and close ...
Kikuchi Mitsuru - - 2011
Patients with panic disorder (PD) have a bias to respond to normal stimuli in a fearful way. This may be due to the preactivation of fear-associated networks prior to stimulus perception. Based on EEG, we investigated the difference between patients with PD and normal controls in resting state activity using ...
Jones Catherine R G - - 2011
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by difficulty with the timing of movements. Data collected using the synchronization-continuation paradigm, an established motor timing paradigm, have produced varying results but with most studies finding impairment. Some of this inconsistency comes from variation in the medication state tested, in the inter-stimulus intervals (ISI) ...
Szczeklik Wojciech W 2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland. - - 2011
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare, systemic necrotising small and middle-sized vessel vasculitis, accompanied by blood eosinophilia, eosinophil infiltration of various tissues and bronchial asthma. Cardiac injury caused by myocardial eosinophilic infiltration and/or vasculitis in CSS seems to be very common. Active inflammatory process accompanied by myocardial fibrosis has been ...
De Silva Arjuna P AP Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, Ragama, Sri Lanka. - - 2011
Ileal intubation is the gold standard for a complete colonoscopy. However, despite evidence of clinical benefit ileoscopy is not always attempted due to perceived technical difficulty. Our aim was to compare time taken for ileal intubation using a new position-the prone 12 o'clock position (PP) with the standard method (left ...
Zhao Jichao J Auckland Bioengineering Institute, University of Auckland, New - - 2011
Radiofrequency catheter ablation as a curative method for atrial fibrillation (AF) has become increasingly popular. Patients with paroxysmal AF have been treated by catheter ablation with great success, but so far this treatment has been less effective for patients with persistent AF. Usually there are multiple triggers or substrates during ...
Moller Daniel W DW Department of Biomedical Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA 71270, USA. dwm027@latech. - - 2011
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder characterized by recurrent electrophysiological activities, known as seizures. We explore the applicability of noise-assisted Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition (EEMD) for patient-specific seizure anticipation. Intracranial EEG data were obtained from invasive pre-surgical epilepsy monitoring at the Epilepsy Center of the University Hospital of Freiburg. Data ...
Garde Ainara A Dept of ESAII, Escola Universitaria de Enginyeria Tcnica de Barcelona, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya and CIBER de Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina, 08028 Barcelona, Spain. - - 2011
The study of flow cycle morphology provides new information about the breathing pattern. This study proposes the characterization of cycle morphology in chronic heart failure patients (CHF) patients, with periodic (PB) and non-periodic breathing (nPB) patterns, and healthy subjects. Principal component analysis is applied to extract a respiratory cycle model ...
Otten Marieke H - - 2011
To evaluate the effectiveness of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) blockers in juvenile psoriatic arthritis (JPsA). The study was a prospective ongoing multicentre, observational study of all Dutch juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients using biologicals. The response of arthritis was assessed by American College of Rheumatology (ACR) paediatric response and Wallace ...
Lima X T - - 2011
Background  Psoriasis is an inflammatory disease that not only affects the skin but can also have systemic implications such as obesity and nutritional deficiencies. Carotenoids are vitamin A provitamins with anti-oxidant properties that are present in human tissues including skin. Objectives  To determine whether psoriasis is associated with lower levels ...
Natarajan Vidhya - - 2010
Psoriatic nail changes predispose to onychomycosis because it becomes easier for fungi to penetrate an already compromised nail plate. Moreover, some of the psoriatic nail changes closely resemble onychomycosis. To investigate cases of nail psoriasis for any evidence of onychomycosis. Seventy-two patients with psoriasis were included in the study. The ...
Evers A W M - - 2010
Psychological stressors might contribute to the severity of chronic inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis by dysregulating hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity. To evaluate the role of cortisol, a key component of the HPA axis, in reaction to psychological stress in patients with psoriasis. Serum cortisol, clinical indicators of disease severity (Psoriasis ...
Yazdanbod Abbas - - 2010
There are few reports from Iran about the epidemiology and clinical features of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this study, we aimed to determine the epidemiologic profile and clinical features of ulcerative colitis (UC) in Northwest of Iran. This retrospective study covered the time period from 1998 to 2008 and ...
Tatlican Semih - - 2010
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha is the key inflammatory cytokine in psoriasis vulgaris triggering abnormal differentiation and proliferation of keratinocytes. Etanercept as an antitumor necrosis factor-alpha agent is widely used for the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris. To find out whether etanercept has an apoptotic effect on psoriatic keratinocytes. Biopsies from 13 untreated ...
Gutierrez Marwin - - 2011
The main aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of subclinical entheseal involvement at lower limbs by ultrasound (US) in patients with psoriasis. The secondary aim was to determine the interobserver reliability of the Glasgow Ultrasound Enthesitis Scoring System (GUESS) and power Doppler (PD) technique in the ...
Al Robaee Ahmad A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of narrowband ultraviolet B (UVB) phototherapy in dark-skinned Saudi patients with chronic plaque psoriasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was performed on 63 patients of chronic plaque psoriasis attending Qassim University clinics from May 2004 through June 2009. Narrowband UVB irradiation was ...
Afridi Hassan Imran - - 2011
Psoriasis is a noncontiguous common and chronic skin disorder. The aim of the present study was to compare the level of trace elements cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), Nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn) in biological samples (whole blood, urine, and scalp hair) of psoriasis patients of both gender age ranged (25-55 years) ...
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