Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 782
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Robinson Carl A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is most commonly performed in the outpatient setting to evaluate obscure GI bleeding. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of gender and inpatient status on VCE findings. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Two tertiary medical centers and a VA medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 167 inpatients ...
Valentini F A FA ER6-université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie (Paris-06), Service de rééducation neurologique, hôpital Rothschild, 5, rue Santerre, 75012 Paris, France. - - 2011
Our purpose was to determine the repeatability and variability of baropodometric and spatio-temporal gait parameters in both hemiparetic patients and healthy subjects. parameters with a good repeatability and a low variability could be used to follow gait evolution. Twelve stroke patients and 10 healthy subjects were included. Each participant performed ...
Rosso Raphael - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Means for distinguishing the very common "benign early repolarization" from the very rare but malignant form are needed. Recently, the presence of early repolarization with "horizontal ST-segment" was found to predict arrhythmic death during long-term follow-up in a large population study. We therefore speculated that the combination of "J-waves ...
Zitt Emanuel - - 2011
Hypoalbuminemia and hyperphosphatemia have been shown to be strong predictors of mortality in dialysis patients that might not be independent from each other. We prospectively investigated the relationship and interaction between serum albumin and phosphorus with all-cause mortality in an inception cohort of incident dialysis patients. We followed 235 incident ...
Gumbinger C - - 2011
Background and purpose:  Detection of atrial fibrillation is of vital importance because oral anticoagulation decreases the risk of a stroke by 64%. Current standards for stroke unit treatment require continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring for at least 24 h. Additionally, a 24-h HOLTER ECG (HOLTER) should be performed in selected patients. It ...
Choi Seong-Min - - 2011
Background: Saccade may be abnormal in Parkinson's disease (PD), but there have been no systematic studies on directional asymmetries of horizontal saccades in early PD. The aims of this study were to determine the saccadic abnormalities and their directional asymmetries. Methods: We recorded visually guided horizontal prosaccades with random (random ...
Urbanic Purkart Tadeja - - 2011
The perception of fear aura in complex partial seizures is linked to epileptic discharges within mesial temporal lobe structures. Although selective amygdalohippocampectomy often leads to favorable seizure control, persistence of fear auras after surgery can hamper quality of life significantly. We describe two patients with persistent fear auras after selective ...
Drapier Sophie - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of continuous subcutaneous apomorphine infusion (APO) has been evaluated in advanced Parkinson's disease in several open-label studies but never in a population of patients for whom subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) was contraindicated. METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and cognitive ...
Simicević Darja Sodec - - 2011
Hemodynamic changes can be noninvasively real-time monitored in stroke patients by means of transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD). The aim of this pilot study was to assess hemodynamic changes in both middle cerebral arteries (MCA) in aphasic stroke patients by means of TCD during verbal stimulation. Eight aphasic patients with stroke ...
Marushima Aiki - - 2011
To verify the usefulness of the time-course analysis of regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) estimated quantitatively using the three-dimensional stereotactic region-of-interest template (3DSRT) to assess clinical status in patients with moyamoya disease. The study comprised 12 patients (5 men and 7 women, age 35.1 years ± ...
Beland Michael D - - 2011
The objective of our study was to report the incidence of multiple sporadic primary renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) in patients referred for radiofrequency ablation (RFA). A retrospective search identified 162 patients (104 men and 58 women; mean age, 74 years) without a history of von Hippel-Lindau disease with a total ...
Piskorz L - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess non-microcellular lung cancer patients´ nutritional status impact on psychomotor performance, muscle strength and functional activity. The study involved 60 consecutive patients admitted to the clinic for surgical treatment due to histologically verified non-microcellular lung cancer. The patients were divided, depending on the ...
Weinberg L L Department of Anaesthesia, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia. - - 2011
We investigated the possibility that despite postoperative derangements of routine laboratory coagulation tests, markers of coagulation activation and thrombin generation would be normal or increased in patients undergoing hepatic resection for cancer In addition to the conventional coagulation tests prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time, we measured select markers ...
Sperry Sarah L W SL Center for Esophageal Diseases and Swallowing, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2011
The epidemiology of esophageal foreign-body impaction (EFBI) is poorly described, and the impact of the increasing prevalence of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) on this is unknown. To assess the characteristics of patients with EFBI, to determine whether EFBI cases increased in proportion to EoE cases, and to identify predictors of EFBI. ...
Valdivia José G - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To determine differences in patients' characteristics, operative time and procedures, and perioperative outcomes between prone and supine positioning in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) using the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) PCNL Global Study database. Patients and Methods: Between November 2007 and December 2009, prospective data were ...
Hogan Christopher J CJ Department of Emergency Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Medical College of Virginia Campus, Richmond, VA 23298-0401, USA. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to measure sublingual perfused capillary density (PCD) to assess sublingual microvascular perfusion during emergency department (ED) treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). This prospective, observational study enrolled ED patients with ADHF, measuring pre- and post-ED treatment PCD. Sidestream dark-field imaging was analyzed by ...
Breuckmann F - - 2011
PURPOSE: An increased normalized gadolinium accumulation (NGA) in the myocardium during early washout has been used for the diagnosis of acute myocarditis (AM). Due to the fact that the pharmacokinetics of contrast agents are complex, time-related changes in NGA after contrast injection are likely. Because knowledge about time-related changes of ...
Meune Christophe - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia; its most prevalent and devastating complication is stroke. A delay of AF onset >48h is believed to be clinically significant. Mid-regional pro A-type natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) could be of interest in the identification of the time from onset of AF to presentation. ...
Mané Anna - - 2011
Alterations in the dopaminergic system have long been implicated in schizophrenia. A key component in dopaminergic neurotransmission is the striatal dopamine transporter (DAT). To date, there have been no longitudinal studies evaluating the course of DAT in schizophrenia. A 4-year follow-up study was therefore conducted in which single photon emission ...
Chomchai Summon - - 2011
Context. The risk of hepatotoxicity secondary to acute acetaminophen overdose is related to serum acetaminophen concentration and lag time from ingestion to N-acetylcysteine (NAC) therapy. Psi (Greek letter ψ) is a toxicokinetic parameter that takes the acetaminophen level at 4 h post-ingestion ([APAP](4 h)) and the time-to-initiation of NAC (tNAC) ...
Descamps Benedicte - - 2011
Background: In healthy controls, haemodynamic refractory effects are observed with blood-oxygenation-level dependent (BOLD) functional MRI (fMRI): the haemodynamic response function (HRF) to the second stimulus in a pair of stimuli with short interstimulus interval (ISI) shows a decreased amplitude and an increased time-to-peak. We hypothesize that there may be interictal ...
Kaiser Christoph - - 2011
In 38 pairs of epilepsy patients and controls matched for time and intensity of exposure to transmission of onchocerciasis, the presence of microfilariae in the skin of epilepsy patients was found insignificantly elevated compared with controls (odds ratio = 1.68; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.60-4.57; P = 0.31). This ...
Shao Jun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: High myopia is usually defined as eyes with -6 dioptres (D) of myopia, or >26.0mm in axial length. Progressive and excessive elongation of the eyeball leads to secondary ocular diseases such as macular detachment (MD) and macular hole (MH). Higher transthyretin (TTR) levels had been detected in abnormal serums, ...
Scholes-Balog Kirsty E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenic patients and healthy cannabis users show different attention-dependant alterations in prepulse inhibition (PPI). It is of interest then to examine PPI in patients with schizophrenia who use cannabis, given the hypothesized association between cannabis use and schizophrenia. METHODS: Prepulse inhibition was measured in 34 healthy cannabis users, 32 ...
Rickard John - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The Wriskwatch(tm) is a novel, watch-based pulse detection device that detects the loss of a radial pulse via advanced pulse detection technology and immediately contacts emergency medical systems. OBJECTIVE: We designed a first in man, prospective, single-blinded, phase I study to evaluate the ability of this device to detect ...
Dong Jing - - 2011
The aim of our study is to investigate the relationship between neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) development and clinical factors to elucidate potential predictors at the time of SLE onset as well as during NP flares. Sixty-seven adolescents between the ages of 10 and 18 years with SLE were retrospectively reviewed, ...
Aaslund Mona Kristin - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Walking on a treadmill with body weight support (BWS) may require familiarisation. Patients post-stroke fatigue easily and the time needed to reach stable walking is important. However, even if body weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT) is commonly used in gait rehabilitation for patients post-stroke, it is not known how ...
Dankbaar J W - - 2011
Background: Because the pathogenesis of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is unclear, we studied cerebral perfusion at different time points around the occurrence of DCI. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 53 patients admitted to the University Medical Center Utrecht who underwent CT perfusion (CTP) scans on admission, and ...
Mukhin K Y - - 2011
Mukhin KY, MameniškienÄ— R, Mironov MB, Kvaskova NE, Bobylova MY, Petrukhin AS, Wolf P. Epilepsia partialis continua in tick-borne Russian spring-summer encephalitis. Acta Neurol Scand: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2011.01575.x. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Objectives -  Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is characterized by localized continuous jerks, from time to time with ...
Francesco Cavazzini - - 2011
Abstract To better define the significance of clonal evolution (CE) including 14q32 translocations involving the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene (IGH) in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), 105 patients were analyzed sequentially by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with the following panel of probes: 13q14/D13S25, 11q22/ATM, 17p13/TP53, #12-centromere and 14q32/IGH break-a-part probe. ...
Sharma Prateek P Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri, USA. - - 2011
Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) allows real-time detection of neoplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE) tissue. However, the accuracy of pCLE in real time has not yet been extensively evaluated. To compare the sensitivity and specificity of pCLE in addition to high-definition white-light endoscopy (HD-WLE) with HD-WLE alone for the detection of ...
Meyer Tanya K - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The Type I Posterior Glottic Stenosis (PGS-I) is a well-described but uncommon clinical entity. Despite this, there is little known about the outcome of surgical treatment. METHODS: Retrospective case series. RESULTS: Thirteen cases met inclusion criteria. All but one patient had a tracheostomy at the time of initial evaluation. ...
Bhadada Sanjay Kumar - - 2011
We describe clinical, biochemical, radiological profile, and treatment outcome in 97 patients with idiopathic hypoparathyroidism seen over a period of 18 years. Of the 97 patients, 78 (80%) had idiopathic hypoparathyroidism and 19 (20%) had pseudohypoparathyroidism. The mean age±standard deviation (SD) at presentation was 28.7±14.1 years. There were 52 males, ...
O'Toole O - - 2011
The aim of this study was to retrospectively audit all electroencephalograms (EEGs) done over a 2-month period in 2009 by the Neurophysiology Department at Cork University Hospital. There were 316 EEGs performed in total, of which 176/316 (56%) were done within 24 hours of request. Out of 316 EEGs, 208 ...
Cha Jae Myung - - 2011
Background/Aims: Atherosclerosis was reported as a clinical indicator of colorectal neoplasm. However, a direct association between colorectal neoplasm and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), a surrogate marker for atherosclerosis, has not been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between abnormal carotid IMT and colorectal neoplasm. Methodology: ...
Akabaliev Valentin H - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and topographical distribution of minor physical anomalies (MPAs) in schizophrenia patients and control subjects, and the ability of the items of the Waldrop scale to predict the patient-control status. 128 schizophrenic patients (66 men, 62 women) and 103 normal controls ...
Almeida Pedro R - - 2011
This study investigated the time-frequency dynamics of P300 generation in patients with first-onset schizophrenia. A group of 40 patients with first-onset schizophrenia and 40 controls performed an auditory oddball task. Wavelet analysis of the single-trial data was used to compute the Event-Related Spectral Perturbation (ERSP) and the Inter-Trial Phase Coherence ...
Ma Youngeun Y Department of Laboratory Medicine & Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2011
Amyloidosis is a heterogeneous group of diseases in which misfolding of extracellular proteins is the pathogenic factor. Light chain amyloidosis (AL) is the most common form of amyloidosis, and the causative proteins in AL are the immunoglobulin light chains produced by clonal plasma cells. Hemorrhagic events, ranging from mild subcutaneous ...
Baraliakos Xenofon - - 2011
Our study set out to analyze the radiographic progression of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients based on gender differences. A total of 146 AS patients were retrospectively blindly analyzed in at least 2 time points within 6 years using the modified Stokes AS Spine Score. The mean follow-up time was 3.8 ± 1.7 years, and ...
Oldani Silvia - - 2011
Introduction: Hemodialysis (HD)-induced inflammation has a pathogenetic role in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The aim of the present study was to assess whether pentraxin-3 (PTX3) could be a reliable biomarker of HD-induced inflammation and of membrane biocompatibility. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 31 HD patients. Blood samples for determining ...
Suat Erel - - 2011
Purpose.  To investigate the effects of dynamic ankle-foot orthoses (DAFOs) on functional ambulation activities, weight bearing and spatio-temporal characteristics of hemiparetic gait and to inquire whether wearing a DAFO for 3 months has a carryover effect. Method. Fourteen chronic hemiparetic patients who could walk independently with or without a cane were ...
Pantano Patrizia - - 2011
Background: Little is known about the cortical activation changes during clinical relapses in multiple sclerosis (MS). Objective: To assess cross-sectional and longitudinal differences in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) cortical patterns between the relapsing and stable phases of MS. Methods: We studied 32 patients with relapsing-remitting MS with mild disability: ...
Ohashi Naro - - 2011
An 84-year-old man was referred to our hospital for atrioventricular block and severe hypokalemia. He had been treated for hypertension since 2007 with indapamide, a thiazide-like diuretic. His laboratory data had not been tested for a long time. One week before his first visit, he suffered from a common cold ...
Armijo-Olivo Susan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients with myogenous and mixed temporomandibular disorders (TMD) have greater fatigability of the cervical extensor muscles while performing a neck extensor muscle endurance test (NEMET) when compared with healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 151 individuals participated in this study. Of these 47 were healthy controls, ...
Li Jianxin - - 2011
Acute appendicitis (AA) is usually associated with a systemic inflammatory response that often leads to activation of coagulation. However, limited data about coagulation changes in AA are available. Results of preoperative coagulation testing in 702 patients with confirmed AA and 697 patients undergoing minor elective surgery (control) during the same ...
Chao Tze-Fan - - 2011
Electromechanical Interval and Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation. Introduction: It is difficult to discriminate patients with and without paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). The atrial electromechanical interval determined by the transthoracic echocardiogram is demonstrated to be a predictor of new onset AF. The aim of our study was to investigate whether the electromechanical interval ...
Midi Ipek - - 2011
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Verbal fluency deteriorates with normal aging, but is much more severe in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Verbal functions were analyzed to find differences between normal aging subjects in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and in patients with early and moderate stages of AD. This study measured the verbal response ...
Edwards Mark J - - 2011
Psychogenic tremor is the commonest psychogenic movement disorder, yet little is known of its pathophysiology. Given the presence of movements that appear from their physiological properties to be voluntarily produced, and yet are not experienced as such by the patients, we hypothesised that patients might have an abnormal conscious experience ...
Tombul Temel - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis (MS) can cause alterations in autonomic cardiovascular functions. We aimed to investigate the correlation of disease activity and disability with heart rate variability (HRV) of cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction (CAD) demonstrated by 24-h Holter monitorization. Thirty-four patients with clinically active relapsing-remitting MS, age 33.8 +/- 7.6 years, were studied. ...
Wang Wenjuan - - 2011
To investigate the characteristics of transcranial Doppler variables in the acute stage of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and its relationship with 14-day death and outcomes at 90 day after onset. Ninety first-time supratentorial nontraumatic ICH patients were prospectively included. Computed tomography and transcranial Doppler examinations were performed on the first, third, ...
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