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Yamawaki Kohei - - 2011
Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and preserved ejection fraction (EF) have dyssynchrony and whether it improves after aortic valve replacement (AVR). Methods and Results: We studied 30 consecutive patients with severe AS and preserved EF undergoing AVR. For baseline ...
Jansen J O - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM(®)) relies on citrated blood samples, which are regarded as biologically stable for up to 4h after venepuncture. However, this recommendation is based on data from normal volunteers. The aim of this study was to evaluate possible temporal changes in the coagulability of blood samples from coagulopathic ...
Fragakis Nikolaos - - 2011
AimsIt is unknown as to whether the result of adenosine testing for the diagnosis of sinus node dysfunction (SND) depends on the clinical presentation. We investigated whether syncope or presyncope are associated with a more pronounced sinus nodal inhibition by adenosine in SND.Methods and resultsWe studied 46 patients with SND, ...
Wang Lian - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Epileptic patients have a higher relapse risk when EEGs before the initiation of anti-epileptic drug (AED) withdrawal show epileptiform activity. The purpose of this study is to assess the characteristics of ambulatory EEGs before the decision to withdraw AEDs and to clarify potential influencing factors for abnormal EEGs. METHODS: ...
Fujiwara Hisako - - 2012
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) has been shown a useful diagnostic tool for presurgical evaluation of pediatric medically intractable partial epilepsy as MEG source localization has been shown to improve the likelihood of seizure onset zone (SOZ) sampling during subsequent evaluation with intracranial EEG (ICEEG). We investigated whether ictal MEG onset source localization ...
Denney Douglas R - - 2011
Studies of planning ability typically involve some version of the Tower of Hanoi or Tower of London (TOL). When these tests are administered to patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), the findings pertaining to planning "performance" have been conflicting. Possible reasons for failures to find deficits in planning performance among MS ...
Garg Ravin R Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2012
Fluorescence in situ hybridization can detect genomic abnormalities in up to 80% of cases and provides prognostic information on patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Although 13q deletion as the sole abnormality has been found to confer a favorable prognosis, there are little data as to whether there is a ...
Whitaker Graham T - - 2011
To evaluate the utility of fluorescence to assess penetration of quinolone ear drops (EDs) through tympanostomy tubes (TTs), the middle ear, eustachian tube, and into the oropharynx. Before-and-after trial. Academic, tertiary care hospital. Young children undergoing TT placement for otitis media and adolescents or adults undergoing repair of tympanic membrane ...
Brigo Francesco - - 2011
Rhythmic temporal theta bursts of drowsiness (RTTD), also known as "psychomotor variant", and subclinical rhythmic EEG discharge of adults (SREDA) are two EEG patterns of uncertain significance that occur without any correlation with epilepsy. Each of these patterns has been described to occur alone and in the literature there are ...
Hajsadeghi Shokoufeh - - 2011
The surface electrocardiogram (ECG) has been used as a useful method for detection of metabolic disturbances for a long time. However, it may be difficult to distinguish the exact disturbance when more than one metabolic abnormality exists in a patient simultaneously. Although, "classic" ECG characterizations of common electrolyte disturbances are ...
Rudzinski Leslie A - - 2011
The aim was to determine the electroencephalographic (or electroencephalogram [EEG]) findings predictive of functional outcome in a subset of patients with acute subdural hematoma (SDH) with epileptiform activity on their EEG. Twenty-four patients who underwent evacuation for acute or acute-on-chronic SDH and with epileptiform activity on EEG were identified retrospectively. ...
Sifri Ziad C - - 2011
Previous studies proposed that repeat head computed tomography (RHCT) is of no value in patients with a minimal head injury (MHI) and normal neurologic examination (NE). The goal of our study was to investigate the value of RHCT in patients with MHI with an abnormal NE. A retrospective chart review ...
Davenport Ross - - 2011
To identify an appropriate diagnostic tool for the early diagnosis of acute traumatic coagulopathy and validate this modality through prediction of transfusion requirements in trauma hemorrhage. Prospective observational cohort study. Level 1 trauma center. Adult trauma patients who met the local criteria for full trauma team activation. Exclusion criteria included ...
Sulli Alberto - - 2011
OBJECTIVE.: Performing a medium-term longitudinal study to investigate the timing of transition through different patterns of nailfold microvascular damage in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS.: Thirty-eight SSc patients (median disease duration 12 months) showing at baseline the "Early" scleroderma-pattern of microangiopathy were followed-up by nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) for a ...
Catarino Claudia B - - 2011
Video-electroencephalographic (EEG) ictal recordings play an important role in the pre-surgical evaluation of patients with medically refractory focal epilepsy. Paradoxical lateralization of the scalp EEG ictal onset patterns, consistently contralateral to the side of the proven epileptogenic lesion is rare but important to recognize, with possible implications on patient management. ...
Touma Zahi - - 2011
Objectives. To test whether non-fasting and fasting triglyceride (TG) levels differ in individual patients and whether TG (non-fasting and fasting) levels predict coronary artery disease (CAD) in lupus patients.Methods. Using predefined criteria for a patient's inclusion in this study, we identified the first available set of non-fasting and fasting TG ...
Schmitz-Hübsch Tanja - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis of a fundamental impairment of vocal pacing in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia and Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with spinocerebellar ataxia, 42 patients with Parkinson's disease, and 43 healthy controls had to repeat a single syllable at a ...
O'Neill Ailbhe C - - 2011
Purpose:To assess the effect of a rapid needle-out patient-rollover time approach on the rate of pneumothorax after computed tomography (CT)-guided transthoracic needle biopsy of pulmonary nodules.Materials and Methods:The institutional review board approved the study, and all patients gave written informed consent. Between January 2008 and December 2009, percutaneous CT-guided lung ...
Indic Premananda - - 2011
Temporal lobe epilepsy has been known to be associated with buildup of 4-7Hz activity preceded by attenuation near the seizure focus. Using a wavelet based algorithm, we recently showed that for the patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, frequency flow on the scalp EEG builds up to 5-12Hz range just prior ...
Lotfi A S - - 2011
Background: Peripheral arterial disease is a condition characterized by progressive arterial narrowing, which affects patients' quality of life. The purposes of this study were to (1) establish the feasibility of obtaining peripheral fractional flow reserve (pFFR) in the peripheral vascular circulation, (2) demonstrate an association between baseline pFFR and peak ...
Romei M - - 2011
In the respiratory management of DMD patients it is still under debate what parameter should indicate the correct timing for institution of nocturnal non-invasive ventilation (NIV), in addition to forced vital capacity, which is generally considered as a prognostic marker of disease progression. The aim of this study was to ...
Sander K - - 2011
Objective: To examine the dynamics of intracranial venous flow patterns in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Methods: Nonrandomized controlled trial analyzing the difference in cerebral perfusion in 13 IIH patients and 12 healthy controls using contrast-enhanced duplex sonography. In patients, an additional 3D gradient echo magnetic resonance venography (MRV) ...
Su Rez Hamlet - - 2011
Abstract Conclusions: Rise time in the estimation of the gravitational vertical in the head tilt response (HTR) test is increased in patients with peripheral vestibular lesions and residual chronic dizziness. Objective: Assessment of the perception of the gravitational vertical in patients with peripheral vestibular lesions through the HTR. Methods: HTR ...
Ząbczyk Michał - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with a prothrombotic state. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated associations of previous thromboembolic events with fibrinolytic parameters in patients with AF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 62 consecutive patients with permanent AF (27 men, 35 women, aged from 46 to 89 [median, 78] years). Patients receiving ...
Alesci S - - 2011
In patients with isolated prolonged in vitro bleeding time there is no standardised treatment concept. With this study we characterized the extent of bleeding symptoms. All diagnoses known to cause prolonged in vitro bleeding time (PFA-100) (epinephrine-cartridge >160 s, ADP-cartridge > 120 s) have been excluded, such as platelet function ...
Boonsinsukh Rumpa - - 2011
Objectives: To determine clinical characteristics that can be used to identify patients with stroke who can perform light touch contact with a cane during walking, and to determine whether these patients benefit from TC. Methods: A prediction and randomized experimental study was conducted of 62 patients (mean onset time, 43.8 ...
Lallemand Bénédicte - - 2012
Myotonic dystrophy (MD1) is a hereditary autosomal dominant disease with variable penetrance. Cardiac conduction disturbances are frequent and may be responsible for sudden death, but its progression was heretofore unknown. The aim of the study was to analyse the natural history of infrahissian conduction time in patients with a normal ...
Ulaş Umit Hıdır - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine whether patients who faint earlier in the course of a tilt table study represent a separate population with a poorer prognosis or different pathophysiology. We analyzed differences across patients with different syncopal times on the tilt-table study to answer this question. This ...
Trachani E - - 2011
Trachani E, Constantoyannis C, Sakellaropoulos GC, Stavrinou ML, Nikiforidis G, Chroni E. Heart rate variability in Parkinson's disease unaffected by deep brain stimulation. Acta Neurol Scand: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2011.01605.x. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Objectives -  Our aim was to investigate the impact of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) ...
Rombauts Luk - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether the predictive value of antral follicle count (AFC) changes when measured at different times during the menstrual cycle. Antimüllerian hormone (AMH) and AFC are considered to be equally predictive of poor ovarian response; however, AMH is considered to have an advantage over AFC, because AMH concentrations ...
Chittiboina Prashant - - 2011
We analysed retrospectively the effect of missile trajectory on outcomes from civilian gunshot injury to the spine (GSIS) between 1994 and 2008. Most of the 98 patients were male (88.8%). A minority (8%) of patients had multiple column injuries and a bone or bullet fragment in the spinal canal (14%). ...
Schniepp Roman - - 2011
Temporal gait variability is a critical parameter in patients with balance problems. Increased magnitude of temporal gait variability corresponds to a higher risk of falls. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of walking speed on temporal stride-to-stride variability in patients with cerebellar and vestibular deficits. A ...
De Gottardi Andrea - - 2011
To the Editor: In their review article, Tripodi and Mannucci (July 14 issue)(1) present data that suggest a procoagulant imbalance in cirrhosis. Resistance to anticoagulation that is mediated by thrombomodulin(2) and an increased relative risk of venous thromboembolism(3) indicate that patients with cirrhosis do not undergo anticoagulation because of their ...
Passos Ana Morsch - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary function, in HIV infected patients, has been associated with reduction in pulmonary ventilation parameters Methods: We conducted a prospective cross sectional study to evaluate the pulmonary function of AIDS patients cared for in the infectious diseases ambulatories. Maximal inspiratory (PImax) and expiratory (PEmax) pressures and spirometry were assessed. ...
Violi Francesco - - 2011
To the Editor: In their review article, Tripodi and Mannucci (July 14 issue)(1) present data that suggest a procoagulant imbalance in cirrhosis. Resistance to anticoagulation that is mediated by thrombomodulin(2) and an increased relative risk of venous thromboembolism(3) indicate that patients with cirrhosis do not undergo anticoagulation because of their ...
- - 2011
To the Editor: In their review article, Tripodi and Mannucci (July 14 issue)(1) present data that suggest a procoagulant imbalance in cirrhosis. Resistance to anticoagulation that is mediated by thrombomodulin(2) and an increased relative risk of venous thromboembolism(3) indicate that patients with cirrhosis do not undergo anticoagulation because of their ...
Qi Xingshun - - 2011
To the Editor: In their review article, Tripodi and Mannucci (July 14 issue)(1) present data that suggest a procoagulant imbalance in cirrhosis. Resistance to anticoagulation that is mediated by thrombomodulin(2) and an increased relative risk of venous thromboembolism(3) indicate that patients with cirrhosis do not undergo anticoagulation because of their ...
Belinchon Antonio - - 2011
Objective: To investigate the sequence and correlation of symptoms of Ménière's disease (MD) depending on their order of manifestation. Methods: Descriptive, longitudinal study of the symptoms in 237 tertiary hospital patients who had been diagnosed with definite MD according to the criteria of the American Academy of Otolaryngology. Patients were ...
Thomalla Götz G Klinik und Poliklinik für Neurologie, Kopf- und Neurozentrum, Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. - - 2011
Many patients with stroke are precluded from thrombolysis treatment because the time from onset of their symptoms is unknown. We aimed to test whether a mismatch in visibility of an acute ischaemic lesion between diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI (DWI-FLAIR mismatch) can be used to detect ...
Beynon C - - 2011
Parenchymal hemorrhage is one of the most feared risks of stereotactic brain biopsies potentially resulting in neurological deficits or even a fatal outcome. Patients with disorders of the coagulation system are at particular risk, so identifying these is one of the main tasks prior to surgery. Some patients may have ...
Moon Su-Jin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Since chronic kidney disease (CKD) is closely associated with cardiovascular disease and mortality as well as endstage renal disease, prediction of progressive CKD is a clinically important issue. We investigated the independent risk factors for the development of CKD in patients with lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: The cohort included ...
Ang Daphne - - 2011
  Cough and laryngo-pharyngeal symptoms (LPS) are associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The role of acid reflux (AR) and non-acid reflux (NAR) in atypical GERD pathogenesis is controversial. The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of high esophageal acid exposure time (AET) in patients presenting with ...
Samiullah Shaikh - - 2011
Objective: To determine the frequency of secondary gastric varices after esophageal variceal eradication in patients with cirrhosis of liver and factors associated with their development. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: The Department of Gastroenterology, Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro and Isra University Hospital Hyderabad, from September 2007 ...
Lee Seung-Rho - - 2011
To compare the voice onset time (VOT) differences of Korean stops in the initial and intervocalic positions between the aphasic patients with peculiarities of aspiration and a control group. We examined 15 aphasic patients (nine males, six females) who had suffered a stroke (average age 49.7 years) and 15 healthy ...
Dalton Brad S - - 2011
Haemodialysis patients often have impaired vascular function that can contribute to mortality. Endothelial-dependent and -independent vascular function can be assessed using the brachial artery reactivity (BAR) technique that measures flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and the response to glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), respectively. The aim of this pilot study was to determine whether ...
Kanemura Hideaki - - 2011
The role of electroencephalography (EEG) in the work-up of febrile seizure (FS) remains controversial. We investigated the importance of EEG characteristics, especially the localizations of paroxysmal discharges, as predictors for subsequent epilepsy. Patients were referred from the outpatient department for EEG within 7-20days after the seizure. EEGs were classified as ...
Siebert Eberhard - - 2011
The objective of the study was to use 320-detector row 4D CT angiography (CTA) for measuring cerebral circulation times (CCT) and to assess early venous drainage (EVD) and shortening of CCT in arteriovenous malformations (AVM) and to compare with DSA. CCT of 12 physiological patients and five AVM patients were ...
Bossola Maurizio - - 2011
The aim of this study was to measure P-selectin, E-selectin, and CD-4L levels over time in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Thirty stable patients with end-stage renal failure undergoing chronic HD were included in the study. Blood samples were obtained before HD for measurement of P-selectin, E-selectin, and CD-40L. Measurements were ...
Obuchowska Iwona - - 2011
PURPOSE: To estimate prospectively late ocular manifestations in patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) treated with aneurysm clipping. METHODS: Forty-six patients (12 men and 34 women), 23-69 years of age, were included in this study. A conventional ophthalmological examination, visual evoked potentials (VEPs), and static perimetry were performed on all patients. ...
Robinson Carl A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is most commonly performed in the outpatient setting to evaluate obscure GI bleeding. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of gender and inpatient status on VCE findings. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Two tertiary medical centers and a VA medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 167 inpatients ...
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