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Harandi Ali Amini AA Department of Neurology, Loghman Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran. - - 2012
A 75-year-old right-handed man was admitted to our emergency department complaining of recurrent episodes of involuntary 'barking' within the past 12h. The episodes had occurred after an initial two-minute attack from sleep involving tonic contraction of the upper extremities and jaw locking. By the time of admission, the patient had ...
Wang An Jiang - - 2012
Little is known about the difference between patients of chronic laryngitis with and without troublesome reflux symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics and response to acid suppression between patients of chronic laryngitis with and without troublesome reflux symptoms. Consecutive patients with chronic laryngitis were ...
Liu X S - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:It has been shown that patients with a first ischemic stroke are at high risk of developing recurrent stroke due to carotid atherosclerotic plaque rupture. However, no one has defined the difference in plaques between initial and recurrent stroke. This study sought to investigate the characteristics of carotid ...
Helman Laura - - 2012
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is characterized by intestinal metaplasia in the distal esophagus and is classified as short-segment (<3 cm - SSBE) or long-segment (>3 cm - LSSBE). It is suggested that LSSBE is associated with more severe esophageal motor abnormalities and increased acid exposure time than SSBE. To evaluate the ...
Mancini Marcello - - 2012
Purpose: To assess cerebral circulation times (CCTs) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and control subjects by using contrast material-enhanced ultrasonography (US) to determine whether vascular abnormalities can be detected in this disease. Materials and Methods: This study was approved by the local ethics committee, and informed consent was obtained ...
David Jean-Stéphane - - 2012
Rapid and accurate determination of prothrombin time in trauma patients may help to faster control of bleeding induced coagulopathy. The goal of this prospective observational study was to investigate the accuracy of bedside measurements of prothrombin time by the mean of a point-of-care device (INRatio) in trauma patients. Fifty blood ...
Papadaki Efrosini Z - - 2012
The dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging perfusion technique was used to investigate possible hemodynamic changes in normal appearing white matter and deep gray matter (DGM) of 30 patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) and 30 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Thirty normal volunteers were studied as controls. Cerebral blood ...
Wallenius M - - 2012
Objective: To assess parity in women with chronic inflammatory arthritides (CIA) childless at time of diagnosis. Methods: Patients were selected from the Norwegian Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drug (NOR-DMARD) registry. Each patient was matched by year of birth with 100 reference women from the Norwegian Population Registry. Data linkage for patients and ...
Kim Sung-Hwan - - 2012
Circadian and Seasonal Variation in Early Repolarization Syndrome.  Introduction: The circadian and seasonal patterns of ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VTA) in patients with early repolarization syndrome (ERS) have not been determined. We compared the timing of VTAs in patients with ERS and Brugada syndrome (BS). Methods and Results: We enrolled patients with ...
Viaene Liesbeth - - 2012
Background: Serum phosphorus concentrations reflect a dynamic balance between generation, exchanges, and removal. Time-averaged phosphorus concentrations (TAC(phos)) reflect the overall exposure better than single time-point concentrations, especially in dialysis patients treated with an intermittent modality. The present study aimed to determine the daytime rhythm of phosphorus in dialysis patients and ...
Tommasi Giorgio - - 2012
Apraxia of lid opening (ALO) is a non-paralytic inability to open the eyes or sustain lid elevation at will. The exact pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the syndrome are still unknown. ALO has been reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) after subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS), suggesting a possible ...
James Sara St - - 2012
Treatment planning for patients undergoing radiation therapy is often performed based on four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) when respiratory motion is present, as in lung cancer patients. 4DCT is used to define the internal target volume (ITV) that, ideally, incorporates all potential locations of the tumour. In this work, we use ...
Pera Joanna - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fibrin clot formation is important in acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We investigated plasma fibrin clot characteristics in acute ICH compared with acute ischemic stroke (IS) and nonstroke conditions. METHODS: In the 3 studied groups, we analyzed plasma fibrin clot phenotype and its association with clinical stroke presentation. ...
Navaneethan Udayakumar - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Surveillance for colon cancer is recommended in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and ulcerative colitis (UC). It is unclear whether characteristics of colon neoplasia have changed over time. The aim of the study was to examine the temporal trends in colon neoplasia in patients with PSC ...
Høiseth Gudrun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate detection times for ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulphate (EtS) in urine samples of patients with decreased kidney function and to compare these with those previously reported for healthy volunteers. METHODS: Fourteen patients were included, each delivering 10 urine samples after ...
Zhu Rongtao - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation affects hemostasis during severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). A hypercoagulable state occurs more frequently in SAP, which is not fully detected by traditional coagulation testing. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of clot formation and lysis (CloFAL) assay to improve monitoring of global ...
Heye Tobias - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate hepatic relaxation times T1, T2 and T2* in healthy subjects and patients with liver cirrhosis stratified by the Child-Pugh classification (CPC). METHODS: Sixty-one consecutive patients were stratified by CPC (class A = 26; B = 20; C = 15) and compared with age-matched controls (n = 31). Relaxometry measurements were performed at 1.5 T using six ...
Doliwa Piotr Sobocinski - - 2012
Abstract: Objectives: Asymptomatic Atrial Fibrillation (AF) presents the same risk for cardioembolic events as symptomatic AF. Intermittent ECG recordings may be helpful in detecting asymptomatic paroxysmal arrhythmias. The objective of this study was to compare short intermittent heart rhythm recordings with or without symptoms with continuous ECG recordings. Design: Twenty-two ...
Ružička-Kaloci Svetlana - - 2012
It presents a case of a 42-year-old female patient who was admitted to the stroke unit for right-sided hemiplegia and global aphasia, without conventional stroke risk factors. As the patient presented within the therapeutic time window and had no contraindications for thrombolysis, intravenous thrombolytic treatment was initiated. Brain CT showed ...
Ripoll Cristina - - 2012
Abstract Aim. Identification of predictors in the natural history of cirrhosis is based on determinations at a fixed time point. However, changes of these predictors may offer more information. To evaluate the predictive value of Model for End Stage Liver Disease (MELD) and hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) and their ...
Rauch Stefan - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to use a novel wireless motility capsule to compare gastric emptying and small bowel transit times in critically ill trauma patients and healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated gastric emptying, small bowel transit time, and total intestinal transit time in 8 critically ...
Ripollés P - - 2012
Normalization of brain images is a crucial step in MRI data analysis, especially when dealing with abnormal brains. Although cost function masking (CFM) appears to successfully solve this problem and seems to be necessary for patients with chronic stroke lesions, this procedure is very time consuming. The present study sought ...
Li Liang L Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44139, USA. - - 2012
The traditional paradigm of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) progression in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a steady nearly linear decline over time. We describe individual GFR progression trajectories over 12 years of follow-up in participants in the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK). Longitudinal observational ...
Marques Pedro Santos - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: Although vestibular clinical examinations are quite variable in Ménière's disease (MD), when used in a grouped fashion they attach valuable information to the understanding of MD. Objective: Evaluation of unilateral MD vestibular bedside examination. Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients with definite unilateral MD at a ...
Pfeiffer P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound (US) may have an emerging role as an adjunct in verification of endotracheal intubation. Obtaining optimal US images in obese patients is generally regarded more difficult than for other patients. This study compared the time consumption of bilateral lung US with auscultation and capnography for verifying endotracheal intubation ...
Schlachetzki Felix - - 2012
Background and Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy and time frames for neurological and transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS) assessments in a prehospital '911' emergency stroke situation by using portable duplex ultrasound devices to visualize the bilateral middle cerebral arteries (MCAs). Methods: This study ...
Gori S - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between sleepiness and migraine in the intercritical period and to evaluate the time course of critical drowsiness during the attacks. One hundred patients fulfilling IHCD 2nd (2004) criteria for migraine without aura were compared to 100 healthy subjects. Habitual excessive ...
Barbui Tiziano - - 2012
We examined the prevalence and prognostic relevance of bone marrow reticulin fibrosis in 526 patients with World Health Organization-defined polycythemia vera evaluated at the time of initial diagnosis. Seventy-four patients (14%) displayed mostly grade 1 reticulin fibrosis, with only 2 cases showing higher-grade fibrosis. Presenting clinical and laboratory characteristics, including ...
Paliwal Vimal Kumar - - 2012
Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform attacks with cranial autonomic features (SUNA) are rare primary headache syndromes characterized by spontaneous or triggered attacks of unilateral, brief, multiple, orbitofrontal pain associated with ipsilateral autonomic features. SUNCT is considered as a subset of SUNA. ...
Aslam Muhammad - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS:: Obesity is believed be an important etiologic factor in gastroesophageal reflux disease. However, it is not clear how obesity might affect esophageal acid exposure in patients with extraesophageal manifestations of reflux. METHODS:: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 223 patients with extraesophageal symptoms suspected of being related ...
Jøergensen Maiken Thyregod - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Serine Protease Inhibitor Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) protects against premature intracellular activation of trypsinogen and development of acute pancreatitis. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of SPINK1 mutations (a) in unselected patients with first-time acute pancreatitis and (b) in the Danish background population (c) in a meta-analysis to ...
Batislam Ertan - - 2012
The objective of the study was to quantitatively measure the number of Oxalobacter formigenes (O. formigenes) colonizations in the gastrointestinal tract in calcium oxalate-forming patients with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Calcium oxalate-forming patients (n: 27) were included in the study. Serum calcium, sodium, potassium, urea and creatinine levels, as ...
Tanaka Yuji - - 2012
Objective The population in Japan is aging at a faster rate than in other countries in the world. It is speculated that the number of patients with late-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) will increase even more in the future. However, few studies have been undertaken on the characteristics of patients ...
Kwee Robert M - - 2012
To investigate the natural history of carotid atherosclerosis in patients who experienced a TIA or ischemic stroke. Ninety-two TIA/stroke patients (57 men, mean age 67.7 ± 9.8 years) with ipsilateral <70% carotid stenosis underwent multisequence MRI of the plaque ipsilateral to the symptomatic side at baseline and after one year. ...
Anwar Ashraf M - - 2012
To evaluate the feasibility and possible additional value of transthoracic real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3D-TTE) for the assessment of cardiac structures as compared to 2D-TTE. 320 patients (mean age 45 ± 8.4 years, 75% males) underwent 2D-TTE and RT3D-TTE using 3DQ-Q lab software for offline analysis. Volume quantification and functional assessment ...
Seol Tae Kyoung - - 2012
Wake-up tests may be necessary during surgery for kypho-scoliosis to ensure that spinal function remains intact. It is difficult to predict the time when patients can respond to a verbal command. We evaluated the effectiveness of the bispectral index (BIS) and its relation to patients' levels of consciousness in wake-up ...
Bulut Ipek Kaplan - - 2012
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common primary glomerulonephritis. Patients manifest variable clinical symptoms (eg, microhematuria) with preserved or progressive deterioration of renal function resulting in end-stage renal disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients from a single center to describe the clinical features, treatments, and ...
Phan-Ba R - - 2012
Background: No clinical test is currently available and validated to measure the maximum walking speed (WS) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Since the Timed 25-Foot Walk Test (T25FW) is performed with a static start, it takes a significant proportion of the distance for MS patients to reach their maximum pace. ...
Thavendiranathan Paaladinesh - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of a novel cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) real-time phase contrast (RT-PC) flow measurement technique to reveal the discordant respirophasic changes in mitral and tricuspid valve in flow indicative of the abnormal hemodynamics seen in constrictive pericarditis (CP). Definitive diagnosis of ...
Fahmy Mona E - - 2012
Among the various methods for evaluating gastric emptying, the real-time ultrasound is safe, does not require intubation, or rely on either radiologic or radionuclide technique. The aim of our work was to measure the gastric emptying in pediatric patients with portal hypertension by using the real-time ultrasound. Forty patients with ...
Riachy Moussa Albert MA Pulmonary and Critical Care Department, Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon. - - 2012
The authors present the case of a 72-year-old patient who presented with severe dyspnoea, scant haemoptysis, pronounced desaturation and bilateral haematomas on the upper limbs. Chest radiography showed bilateral infiltrates mainly in the lower lobes. The patient's prothrombin time, and platelet count were normal. However, the activated partial thromboplastin time ...
Farivar T Naserpour - - 2012
Occasionally, bacteria or viruses enter the tonsils and these organs become overwhelmed by bacterial or viral infection leading to inflammation. Some studies confirmed the presence of Helicobacter pylori in tonsillar specimens of patients suffering from chronic tonsillitis and some others did not. The difference in results in various studies might ...
Suzuki Shinya S Department of Cardiology, The Cardiovascular Institute, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2012
The distribution of activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients under dabigatran therapy remains to be clarified. The study population was 196 NVAF patients who were treated with dabigatran in 2011 (126 with 220 mg/day). The APTT values showed a wide distribution among the patients, especially ...
Jarius Sven - - 2012
The diagnostic and pathophysiological relevance of antibodies to aquaporin-4 (AQP4-Ab) in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) has been intensively studied. However, little is known so far about the clinical impact of AQP4-Ab seropositivity. To analyse systematically the clinical and paraclinical features associated with NMO spectrum disorders in Caucasians ...
Bing Dai - - 2012
The popular methods for evaluating the initial therapeutic effect (ITE) of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) can only roughly reflect the therapeutic outcome of a patient's ventilation because they are subjective, invasive and time-delayed. In contrast, vibration response imaging (VRI) can monitor the function of a patient's ventilation over the ...
Ingle Lee - - 2012
Introduction. The relation between minute ventilation (VE) and carbon dioxide production (VCO(2)) can be characterised by the instantaneous ratio of ventilation to carbon dioxide production, the ventilatory equivalent for CO(2) (VEqCO(2)). We hypothesised that the time taken to achieve the lowest VEqCO(2) (time to VEqCO2 nadir) may be a prognostic ...
Mathew Thomas - - 2012
To study the clinical, pathological and prognostic profile of patients with temporal arteritis in India. The study was conducted in a tertiary care center from south India from 2005 to 2010 in the departments of neurology and medicine. The details of all patients that satisfied the ACR 1990 criteria for ...
Kamp Marcel A - - 2012
The goal of the present study is to analyze the predictive impact of early CT-based perfusion measurement (CTP) on clinical outcome in patients suffering from aneurysmal SAH. Fifteen patients with aneurysmal SAH received an early CTP measurement that was performed within the first 6 h after initial bleeding. According to ...
Da Costa Antoine - - 2012
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of outflow tract ventricular ectopic beats (OTVEBs) can be performed using a 4-mm or externally-cooled tip RFA catheter, but no data are available concerning the safety and efficacy of a large-tip (8-mm) catheter. To evaluate the feasibility of using an 8-mm tip catheter in patients with OTVEBs. ...
Hong Ji Heon - - 2012
We report on a patient with ideomotor apraxia (IMA) and limb-kinetic apraxia (LKA) following cerebral infarct, which demonstrated neural tract injuries by diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). A 67-year-old male was diagnosed as cerebral infarct in the left frontal cortex (anterior portion of the precentral gyrus and prefrontal cortex) and centrum ...
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