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Aronow Mary E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate genotype/phenotype correlations in individuals with astrocytic hamartoma (AH) and retinal achromic patch (AP) in the setting of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 132 patients enrolled in the Cleveland Clinic Foundation Tuberous Sclerosis Program (CCF-TSCP) and 907 patients from the ...
Peretz Asaf - - 2012
Abstract Background and aim: Variation in the prevalence of various types of gastric polyps worldwide may reflect different etiologies. Here, the authors report the dynamic changes in histological distribution of gastric polyps over time and by ethnicity for individuals who underwent gastroscopies between 1994 and 2009 at two hospitals in ...
Fujiwara Mika - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (PCBCL) are rare. Marginal zone lymphomas and follicle center lymphomas (FCL) represent a majority of these cases, and a significant number of cases present with multiple lesions. It is unclear whether multiple lesions in PCBCL represent dissemination of a single clone or multiple new primary ...
Sekercioglu Nigar - - 2012
PURPOSE: The optimal target for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) has not been well defined in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: The objective of our study was to examine the predictive value of predialysis and time-averaged follow-up HbA1c values on technique and patient survival in diabetic PD patients treated ...
Ago Rika - - 2012
BACKGROUND: When diagnosing hypertension (HT) it is essential to determine not only the level of raised blood pressure (BP), but also how the condition relates to organ damage. The best time to measure BP for diagnosing HT in patients on hemodialysis (HD) remains unclear. METHODS: A total of 100 HD ...
Kindler Jochen - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Improvements of language production in aphasic patients have been reported following repeated 1-Hz transcranial magnetic stimulation over the nondamaged right hemisphere. Most studies examined aphasic patients in the chronic phase. The effect of transcranial magnetic stimulation application in acute or subacute patients has not been systematically studied. ...
Rubin Mark - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Alien limb phenomenon (ALP) has been rarely reported as a presenting feature of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), though neurologists may not recognize it as a prompt to search for CJD. OBJECTIVE: This report demonstrates the clinical features of patients with ALP and CJD. METHODS: All patients with the ALP between ...
Stefan Hermann - - 2012
To elucidate, in a pilot-study, whether noninvasive transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (t-VNS) is a safe and tolerable alternative treatment option in pharmacoresistant epilepsy. t-VNS was applied to 10 patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsies. Stimulation via the auricular branch of the vagus nerve of the left tragus was delivered three times per ...
Yamada Atsuo - - 2012
Background/Aims: Capsule endoscopy (CE) has high positive (95%) and negative predictive values (83- 100%) for the bleeding source in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) but the diagnostic yield is influenced by the timing of the examination and the nature of the bleeding. Methodology: We investigated the role of early ...
Musa S A - - 2012
Upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage (UGIH) in cardiac patients receiving antiplatelets presents a difficult management problem. The aim of this study was to describe a series of cardiac inpatients receiving antiplatelets who underwent endoscopy for an acute UGIH. Cardiac inpatients receiving antiplatelets and requiring endoscopy for UGIH over an 18-month period were ...
Sui J-H - - 2012
Because the Bonfils fibrescope has a semi-rigid optical stylet and is similar in shape to a lightwand, we aimed to evaluate and compare the efficacy of transillumination-assisted orotracheal intubation with the Bonfils fibrescope and the Trachlight(TM) lightwand in patients with normal airways. As a preliminary investigation to form a basis ...
Ishaque Brandon - - 2012
The National Kidney Foundation recommends that arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) be placed in at least 65% of hemodialysis patients. Some studies suggest that African American patients are less likely to receive a first-time AVF than patients of other ethnicities, although the reason for this disparity is unclear. The purpose of our ...
Paul Jayanta - - 2012
Snakebite is a major health problem in India. Venomous snakebite, which is an important medical hazard in several tropical countries including India, affects thousands of people per year and some of them develop acute kidney injury (AKI). This study was performed to find out 1) early clinical predictors for acute ...
Grap Mary Jo - - 2012
To describe the relationships among sedation, stability in physiological status, and comfort during a 24-hour period in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Data from 169 patients monitored continuously for 24 hours were recorded at least every 12 seconds, including sedation levels, physiological status (heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation by pulse ...
Jason Leonard A LA Center for Community Research , DePaul University , Chicago, IL 60614, USA. - - 2013
Activity logs involve patients writing down their activities and symptoms over 1 or more days. Aims This study sought to classify daily fatigue patterns among patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) using activity logs. Fatigue intensity was self-reported every 30 min in a sample of 90 patients with CFS over ...
Brigo Francesco - - 2012
Resting motor threshold (rMT) assessed by means of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is thought to reflect trans-synaptic excitability of cortico-spinal neurons. TMS studies reporting rMT in idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs) yielded discrepant results, so that it is difficult to draw a definitive conclusion on cortico-spinal excitability in IGEs by simple ...
Pittau Francesca - - 2012
To evaluate the clinical relevance of EEG/fMRI in patients with focal epilepsy, by assessing the information it adds to the scalp EEG in the definition of the epileptic focus. Forty-three patients with focal epilepsy were studied with EEG/fMRI using a 3-T scanner. Blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal changes related to ...
Weikamp J G - - 2012
Decreased tongue strength (TS) might herald bulbar involvement in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) well before dysarthria or dysphagia occur, and as such might be prognostic of short survival. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of a decreased TS, in addition to other prognostic ...
Ydemann M - - 2012
Several potential problems can arise from airway management in morbidly obese patients, including difficult mask ventilation and difficult intubation. We hypothesised that endotracheal intubation of morbidly obese patients would be more rapid using the GlideScope(®) (GS) (Verathon Inc Corporate Headquarters, Bothell, WA, USA) than with the Fastrach™ (FT) (The Laryngeal ...
Cozzolino Mario - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients affected by mineral bone disorders (MBD) have higher rates of all-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality. Approximately, one-third of dialysis patients have low serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels (≤150 pg/mL). However, the reason why these patients have higher mortality compared to patients with normal PTH levels ...
Knobe Karin K Malmö Centre for Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Skåne University Hospital, SE-205 02 Malmö, Sweden. - - 2012
We describe two children with significant bleeding: one with multiple ecchymoses and the other with scrotal bleeding. In both patients, the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) was prolonged, with positivity for lupus anticoagulants (LA). However, the Owren prothrombin time (PT), usually insensitive for LA, was also prolonged. The presence of ...
Hedman A M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intellectual deficits are commonly found in schizophrenia patients. These intellectual deficits have been found to be heritable. However, whether the intellectual deficits change over time and, if so, whether the change is related with an increased genetic risk for the disease are not known.MethodWe investigated change of intelligence quotient ...
Keats Jonathan J - - 2012
Emerging evidence indicates that tumors can follow several evolutionary paths over a patient's disease course. With the use of serial genomic analysis of samples collected at different points during the disease course of 28 patients with multiple myeloma, we found that the genomes of standard-risk patients show few changes over ...
Stigt Jos A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A standardized diagnostic program, initiated to reduce the length of the diagnostic track and to improve application of diagnostic tools for patients referred with suspicious abnormalities on standard chest radiographs, was evaluated. METHODS: The findings on integrated positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) determined the choice of invasive investigations to ...
Jeffe D B - - 2012
Little is known about quality-of-life (QOL) differences over time between incident ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and early-stage invasive breast cancer (EIBC) cases as compared with same-aged women without breast cancer (controls). We prospectively recruited and interviewed 1,096 women [16.8% DCIS, 33.3% EIBC (25.7% Stage I; and 7.6% Stage IIA), ...
Chen Szu-Chia - - 2012
INTRODUCTION:: Abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. However, whether the decrease in ABI over time carries the prognostic value is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess whether the decrease in ABI over time was a good predictor of poor ...
Hershcovici Tiberiu - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Nighttime reflux has been demonstrated to be associated with a more aggressive presentation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, it has remained unknown until now if the difference in nighttime reflux between the different GERD groups is related to the distribution of intraesophageal pH level or duration of acid ...
Michels Wieneke M - - 2012
In automated peritoneal dialysis (APD), a patient's peritoneal membrane is more intensively exposed to fresh dialysate than it is in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Our aim was to study, in incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, the influence of APD-compared with that of CAPD-on peritoneal transport over 4 years. Patients ...
Awadein Ahmed - - 2012
To compare suture spacers with silicone band expanders in superior oblique-weakening surgery. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of consecutive patients who had superior oblique weakening with either suture spacers or silicone expanders and had been followed for a minimum follow-up of 6 months. The ductions, versions, and the degree of fundus ...
Szanyi J - - 2012
SUMMARY: Visual-evoked potentials (VEPs) were used for objective testing of visual functions during treatment courses of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) in adult patients in the Czech Republic. In 30 LNB patients with originally delayed VEP latencies, pattern-reversal (R-VEP) and motion onset (M-VEP) VEPs were repeatedly examined within 1 to 8 years. ...
Hu Zhi-de - - 2012
A patient with erythrocytosis secondary to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was admitted to hospital because of dyspnea. The coagulation tests revealed abnormal prolonged prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplstin time (APTT), however, it could not be explained by the patient's medical history or physical signs of coagulation disorder. ...
Lucas Charles E - - 2012
Controversy exists about the ideal fresh frozen plasma/red blood cell (FFP/RBC) ratio for resuscitation of patients requiring massive transfusion (MT). This study correlates the FFP/RBC with clotting time (CT), prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), and thrombin time (TT); with procoagulants (fibrinogen [FI], factor 5 [FV], and factor 8 ...
Michetti Christopher P - - 2012
A fentanyl-only (FO) regimen for prehospital postintubation sedation in trauma patients was compared with the standard protocol (SP) of fentanyl + benzodiazepine. Intubated patients transported to a Level I trauma center from December 1, 2005, to April 30, 2009, were retrospectively reviewed. Before 2007, only SP was used; afterward both ...
Kuehnast Marianne - - 2012
A patient with the 'whirl sign' on computed tomography (CT) is 25.3 times as likely as a patient without to have small-bowel obstruction (SBO) necessitating surgery. There is therefore an important role for the 'whirl sign' in assessment of patients with clinical and radiological signs of SBO.
Shim Lisa - - 2012
The rectoanal inhibitory reflex (RAIR) is important in gas and stool evacuation. We examined RAIR features in patients with chronic constipation who exhibited bloating with and without abdominal distension, to determine if alterations in RAIR may be a factor in the pathogenesis of abdominal distension. 75 female patients with chronic ...
van der Hulst Annelies E - - 2012
Atrial arrhythmia (AA) is common in adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). To enable the prevention of AA or its complications, timely identification of adult patients with CHD at risk of AA is crucial. Long total atrial activation times have been related to AA. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) permits ...
Lallart Elise - - 2012
Although gait disorders were described in schizophrenia, motor imagery of gait has not yet been studied in this pathology. We compared gait, motor imagery of gait and the difference between these two conditions in patients with schizophrenia and healthy age-matched controls. The mean±standard deviation (S.D.) of Timed Up and Go ...
Hann Hie-Won - - 2012
Although serum level of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) has long been used to complement imaging tests in the screening and diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), whether it can be used as a predictive marker of long-term risk for developing HCC in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) has not been extensively evaluated ...
Capucci Alessandro - - 2012
AimsDisorders such as paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial tachyarrhythmias (AT) are difficult to investigate because of their intermittent, and sometimes asymptomatic, nature. The aim of this study was to investigate the daily temporal distribution of AT/AF episodes-onset and occurrence-by analysing data from 250 pacemaker-implanted, brady-tachy syndrome patients who have ...
Eberhardt Frank - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular (AV) interval optimization is often deemed too time-consuming in dual-chamber pacemaker patients with maintained LV function. Thus the majority of patients are left at their default AV interval. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the magnitude of hemodynamic improvement following AV interval optimization in chronically paced dual chamber pacemaker patients. PATIENTS ...
Lindhardsen Jesper - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with less optimal secondary prevention pharmacotherapy after first-time myocardial infarction (MI).METHODS: The authors identified all patients with first-time MI in the Danish National Patient Register from 2002 to 2009 and gathered individual level information including pharmacy records from nationwide registers. Initiation ...
Hoppo Toshitaka - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of body position on lower esophageal sphincter (LES) structure and function. METHODS: Symptomatic patients underwent high-resolution manometry in the supine and upright positions followed by pH testing. Regardless of whether there was a positive DeMeester score, isolated upright reflux ...
Hernández G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Variables predicting optimal timing for tracheostomy decannulation remain unknown. We aimed to determine whether classifying patients into two groups according to their indications for tracheostomy could identify variables associated with time to decannulation. DESIGN: A prospective, observational cohort study was carried out. LOCATION: Two medical-surgical ICUs. PATIENTS: We included ...
Harandi Ali Amini - - 2012
A 75-year-old right-handed man was admitted to our emergency department complaining of recurrent episodes of involuntary 'barking' within the past 12h. The episodes had occurred after an initial two-minute attack from sleep involving tonic contraction of the upper extremities and jaw locking. By the time of admission, the patient had ...
Helman Laura - - 2012
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is characterized by intestinal metaplasia in the distal esophagus and is classified as short-segment (<3 cm - SSBE) or long-segment (>3 cm - LSSBE). It is suggested that LSSBE is associated with more severe esophageal motor abnormalities and increased acid exposure time than SSBE. To evaluate the ...
Wang An Jiang - - 2012
Little is known about the difference between patients of chronic laryngitis with and without troublesome reflux symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics and response to acid suppression between patients of chronic laryngitis with and without troublesome reflux symptoms. Consecutive patients with chronic laryngitis were ...
Liu X S - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:It has been shown that patients with a first ischemic stroke are at high risk of developing recurrent stroke due to carotid atherosclerotic plaque rupture. However, no one has defined the difference in plaques between initial and recurrent stroke. This study sought to investigate the characteristics of carotid ...
Mancini Marcello - - 2012
Purpose: To assess cerebral circulation times (CCTs) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and control subjects by using contrast material-enhanced ultrasonography (US) to determine whether vascular abnormalities can be detected in this disease. Materials and Methods: This study was approved by the local ethics committee, and informed consent was obtained ...
David Jean-Stéphane - - 2012
Rapid and accurate determination of prothrombin time in trauma patients may help to faster control of bleeding induced coagulopathy. The goal of this prospective observational study was to investigate the accuracy of bedside measurements of prothrombin time by the mean of a point-of-care device (INRatio) in trauma patients. Fifty blood ...
Papadaki Efrosini Z - - 2012
The dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging perfusion technique was used to investigate possible hemodynamic changes in normal appearing white matter and deep gray matter (DGM) of 30 patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) and 30 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Thirty normal volunteers were studied as controls. Cerebral blood ...
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