Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 912
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Panamonta O - - 2001
Forty-seven pediatric patients with autoimmune thyroiditis were followed for an average of 5.18+/-2.89 years. The diagnosis was based on a firm goiter and a positive test for antithyroid antibodies. Initially, 23 patients had euthyroidism, 11 overt hypothyroidism, 6 compensated hypothyroidism and 7 with low TSH. All patients had clinical euthyroidism, ...
Xing H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To analyze heart rate variability (HRV) and its changes with thyroxine treatment in patients with hypothyroidism. METHODS: HRV was analyzed using 24-hour electrocardiographic recording in 38 patients with hypothyroidism and 21 normal controls. The changes in HRV were evaluated for the 18 hypothyroid patients after 3 months of thyroxine ...
Chung Y H - - 2001
Isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH) may be useful for differentiating centrilobular from periportal necrosis in rats with liver injury. In this study, we assessed the usefulness of ICDH as a marker of centrilobular necrosis in patients with hyperthyroidism. Isocitrate dehydrogenase and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities were measured in the plasma of 56 ...
Meissner T - - 2001
Analysis of a German database comprising a total of 54 patients with neonatal manifestations of persistent hyperinsulinism revealed 5 patients in whom hyperinsulinism was associated with additional clinical symptoms, suggesting an underlying syndromal disorder. Three of the patients presented with a similar yet unknown clinical entity characterized by severe psychomotor ...
Burch H B - - 2001
Acute changes in thyroid hormone levels before and after radioiodine therapy for Graves' disease were compared in 42 patients randomized to receive either antithyroid drug pretreatment or no pretreatment. Five patients (11.9%), including 3 in the pretreatment arm and 2 in the no pretreatment arm experienced a late exacerbation of ...
Ciulla M M - - 2001
Experimental evidence suggests an involvement of thyroid hormones in myocardial nonmyocyte component growth. We evaluated the possible role of thyroid hormones in myocardial remodeling by ultrasonic tissue characterization (videodensitometry) in 8 hyperthyroid patients, in 10 hypothyroid patients, and in 2 patients with thyroid hormone resistance syndrome (RTH), before, 60, and ...
Utas C - - 2001
This study was performed in 20 patients with end-stage chronic renal failure (CRF) and 10 healthy volunteers. All of the patients were on regular hemodialysis treatment (RHD), 10 of whom were on recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) therapy. Hematocrit levels of the patients with CRF on rHuEPO were between 0.30 to ...
Liberopoulos E - - 2001
It is well known that thyroid hormones modulate lipoprotein metabolism. Thus, the presence of clinical or subclinical hyperthyroidism may influence lipid parameters of dyslipidaemic patients and the efficacy of hypolipidaemic therapy. Here we present a patient with mixed hyperlipidaemia whose impressive improvement of his lipid profile following ciprofibrate administration pointed ...
Buchanan M A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Auto-immune thyroiditis, associated with detectable thyroid auto-antibodies (TAAs) and lymphocytic infiltration into the gland, is known to be associated with progressive development of hypothyroidism. This study examines those patients who required surgical treatment of non-toxic nodular goitre by hemithyroidectomy to determine whether the presence of TAAs in the circulation ...
Yamakita N - - 2001
Six patients with idiopathic isolated deficit of TSH secretion were examined and reported on. Their clinical symptoms and routine biochemical data were unclear and were not specific for hypothyroidism. Serum triiodothyronine, free thyroxine and TSH levels were slightly low or low-normal. Basal metabolic rate and thyroidal (123)I-uptake were also slightly ...
Kurioka Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO), resulting from the inflammation of retro-orbital tissue, is one of the major complications of Graves' disease (GD). We investigated the clinical usefulness of the measurement of retinal blood flow (RBF) in the evaluation of GO and its activity. MEASUREMENT: RBF was quantitated by pulsed Doppler mode ...
Shawky R M - - 2001
This study was conducted on 500 full-term neonates and 25 older patients with congenital hypothyroidism (CH), newly or previously diagnosed. Alphafetoprotein (AFP) was elevated in two neonates. In one, persistent elevation of AFP and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) with low thyroxine (T4) were found (congenital hypothyroidism). In the other, AFP, ...
Teshome T - - 2001
In a prospective study, we evaluated the clinical manifestations, severity, complication and management of Graves' thyroid ophthalmopathy (GTO) in 37 Ethiopian patients. Twenty-seven were females and 10 were males (F:M = 2.7:1). The mean age was 35 years (range 19-70 yrs). The mean duration of ocular symptoms was 33.4 months ...
Khoo D H - - 2000
The aims of this study were to (a) determine the prevalence of patients without elevated thyroid hormone levels in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) using current generation free thyroid hormone assays, (b) measure the prevalence of thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAb) in these cases, and (c) identify possible predictors of hyperthyroidism. Over a ...
Biondi B - - 2000
To determine the clinical impact of endogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism, specific symptoms and signs of thyroid hormone excess and quality of life were assessed in 23 patients (3 males and 20 females; mean age, 43 +/- 9 yr) and 23 age-, sex-, and lifestyle-matched normal subjects by using the Symptoms Rating ...
Lavard L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To relate the presence of thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO ab), thyroglobulin antibodies (Tg ab) and thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TSH-R ab) to the clinical course in a long-term follow-up of patients with juvenile Graves' disease (JGD). DESIGN: Patients with JGD were drawn from a Danish retrospective study and reexamined. RESULTS: ...
Kung A W - - 2000
Hypothyroidism after radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy for Graves' disease can be transient or permanent. The cause for early transient hypothyroidism is unknown. We evaluated 11 patients who developed transient hypothyroidism within 6 months of RAI and 12 who remained euthyroid after RAI. Approximately equal numbers of patients in each group ...
Weber G - - 2000
In this study, we assessed cognitive function and neurophysiological development in congenitally hypothyroid (CH) children. We performed a cross-sectional study at the outpatient Pediatric Clinic and Department of Neurophysiology at San Raffaele Hospital, Milan. The study enrolled 25 CH patients (6.00-10.83 years of age) detected by neonatal screening, and 34 ...
Alexandrides T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Patients with beta-thalassemia frequently develop primary hypothyroidism and other endocrine disorders due to iron overload. We studied whether administration of excess iodide to patients with apparently normal thyroid function could uncover an underlying thyroid disease. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients, 10 prepubertal (mean age 11+/-3 years) and 15 adults ...
Noh J Y - - 2000
We investigated the relationship between thyroid function or ophthalmopathy of Graves' disease and thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAb) in 155 untreated patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism. All patients were examined by ophthalmologists, and underwent computed tomography of the orbit and measurement of serum free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), thyrotropin-binding inhibitor immunoglobulin ...
Erdil T Y - - 2000
Both (201)TI and (99m)Tc-methoxyisobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) have been used in the visualization of suppressed thyroid tissue in patients with autonomously functioning thyroid nodules (AFTNs). It has been suggested that thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) control is not a major determinant of both tracers. However, the mechanism of thyroid uptake of these agents ...
Martin C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate thermal and nociceptive function in a prospective, longitudinal study of 49 consecutive HIV-1-infected patients before and at 1, 4, and 8 months after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: Quantitative assessments of thermal perception thresholds for warmth (dWT), cold (dCT), and heat pain (HPT) were performed. ...
Reisin R C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Periodic paralysis is a well known complication of thytotoxicosis in Chinese and Japanese patients, but has been considered extremely rare in caucasians. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1991 and 1996, we admitted 8 caucasian patients to our Hospital due to thyrotoxic periodic paralysis. We retrospectively analysed their clinical manifestations. RESULTS: ...
Duyff R F - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate neuromuscular signs and symptoms in patients with newly diagnosed hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed in adult patients with newly diagnosed thyroid dysfunction. Patients were evaluated clinically with hand held dynamometry and with electrodiagnosis. The clinical features of weakness and sensory signs and ...
Albert S G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: After radioactive iodine therapy for hyperthyroidism, an expected lag in the responsiveness of thyrotropin (TSH) is 60 to 90 days. In our experience, however, many patients seemed to have a more prolonged lag in TSH recovery. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed in 58 patients who underwent radioactive ...
Smolarz K - - 2000
Early detection of local and regional recurrence is the main goal during follow-up of patients with larynx and pharynx cancer. Hypothyroidism occurring in those patients stays frequently undiagnosed as screening for hypothyroidism is not part of the routine follow-up. This study was performed to assess the prevalence of hypothyroidism in ...
Cannavò S - - 2000
AIMS: We evaluated morphological, biochemical and cytological thyroid parameters in acromegalic patients, investigated before and after treatment for acromegaly. PATIENTS: 28 acromegalics were investigated before and, in 18 cases, after 2-7 years of therapy. Fourteen patients were from areas of moderate iodine deficiency in Southern Italy. One patient underwent thyroidectomy ...
Feret B M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of hypothyroidism occurring after the addition of quetiapine to an existing drug regimen. CASE SUMMARY: A 46-year-old African-American woman diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder, bipolar type, and a four-year history of successfully treated hyperthyroidism, was suboptimally responsive to olanzapine treatment. Transition from olanzapine to quetiapine was ...
Luong K V - - 2000
Two patients presented with new onset of thyrotoxicosis and they then developed episodic wheezing a few months afterward. The asthmatic attacks improved when the patients were rendered in a euthyroid state with treatment. The present paper discusses the relationship between two diseases, hyperthyroidism and asthma, and the underlying factors potentially ...
Jain V K - - 2000
One hundred female patients, in the age range of 14-60 years suffering from diffuse hair loss were studied for pattern of aiopecia and probable causes. Pattern of hair loss was of telogen effluvium in 92% patients, androgenetic alopecia in 7% and anagen defluvium in 1%. The probable causes of diffuse ...
Varsamidis K - - 2000
PURPOSE: To determine whether Doppler ultrasonography could be useful in the prediction of relapse of hyperthyroidism in patients with Graves' disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty patients with Graves' disease confirmed by laboratory tests were examined for a number of blood flow parameters in the inferior thyroid artery before and after ...
Ward L S - - 2000
Although the role of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon gamma (gammaIFN) is still poorly understood in hyperthyroid diseases, it is reasonable to assume that these cytokines may be present at higher levels in Graves' disease (GD) than in other primarily non-autoimmune thyroid diseases. In order to look for an easy method ...
Thong H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: It is common to find older patients who have received thyroid hormone replacement for years without clear-cut documentation of hypothyroidism. The diagnosis of hypothyroidism in older patients presents a difficult problem. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prevalence of hypothyroidism and the sensitivity of clinical determinants for hypothyroidism during ...
Mayer E I - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and potential risk factors of obesity after therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). STUDY DESIGN: 39 ALL patients (age 10.7-20.5 years) who were in first remission for 3.4-14.6 years after standardized treatment with chemotherapy plus cranial irradiation (n = 25) or with chemotherapy alone ...
Freitas J E - - 1999
131I therapy is safe and effective for most Graves' disease patients. It is being used more frequently in previously restricted populations such as children, adolescents, and women of childbearing age. It affords prompt, consistent relief of hyperthyroidism, but permanent hypothyroidism ensues in almost all patients. This complication is readily diagnosed ...
Senanayake M P - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Short stature is common in thalassaemia major. Hypothyroidism resulting from haemosiderosis has been implicated, but this complication has not been investigated in Sri Lanka. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the thyroid hormone level of patients with thalassaemia major and correlate height with age, iron status and thyroid hormone level. SETTING: University ...
Rose S R - - 1999
To determine how often central hypothyroidism remains undetected by routine out-patient tests of thyroid hormone, we studied 208 pediatric cancer survivors referred for evaluation because of signs of subtle hypothyroidism or hypopituitarism. Of the 208 (68 females and 140 males), 110 had brain tumors, 14 had other head/neck tumors, 11 ...
Chadarevian R - - 1999
Hypothyroid patients may have several haemostatic abnormalities such as modification of the coagulation proteins and a bleeding tendency. However, conflicting data have been reported, although in some reports, the groups of patients studied were small. We previously reported in a large population that plasma D-dimers and free thyroxine (FT4) levels ...
Curnock A L - - 1999
PURPOSE: To characterize the prevalence of hypothyroidism in a population with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH). METHODS: Retrospective record review of 41 patients with PPH seen between 1991 and 1997 at a tertiary care center. Data abstracted included: history of previous thyroid disease, intake of thyroid supplement, and thyroid function tests. ...
Tang K T - - 1999
Familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia (FDH) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by euthyroid hyperthyroxinemia. However, FDH has not been reported in Chinese or African patients. Here, we report the first case of FDH in a Chinese patient. A 69-year-old Chinese man was found to have increased serum total T(4) concentrations (198-242nmol/l; ...
Marcocci C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between the method of treatment of hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease and the course of Graves' ophthalmopathy is debated. Antithyroid drug therapy is associated with no change, or even amelioration, of ophthalmopathy. Although controversial, radioiodine may be followed by progression of eye disease, preventable by glucocorticoid administration. ...
Sato A - - 1999
To investigate the possible participation of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in the autoimmune process of Graves' disease, incidence of elevation of serum IgE level, TSH receptor antibody (TRAb), and thyroid status were studied in 66 patients with hyperthyroid Graves' disease, 54 patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, 19 patients with bronchial asthma, and ...
Gordon M B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the levothyroxine replacement dose in 181 patients with various causes of hypothyroidism. METHODS: We analyzed the dose of levothyroxine used in the following five patient groups: (1) 37 patients with hypothyroidism after radioiodine therapy for Graves' thyrotoxicosis who were receiving a stable (for at least 4 years) ...
Drinka P J - - 1999
The clinician whose older patient exhibits an abnormal TSH value must first determine if the result is caused by nonthyroidal illness or a medication whose effect is reversible. Patients without a nonthyroidal cause for the TSH abnormality and corresponding abnormalities in levels of circulating thyroid hormones and/or significant reproducible TSH ...
Dolu N - - 1999
The involvement of the central nervous system either in hypothyroidism or in hyperthyroidim has previously been shown on the basis of visual, auditory, somatosensory, and central motor evoked potential studies by some investigators. In to our previous study, we found that abnormal electrodermal activity in nonmedicated hyperthyroid patients was not ...
Hsiao P H - - 1999
Mental retardation is a major sequela of delayed treatment of congenital hypothyroidism. In this study, we investigated the intellectual outcomes of patients with congenital hypothyroidism diagnosed before a nationwide screening project started. Eighty-two patients had intelligence tests done while in the euthyroid state. Their mean intelligence quotient (IQ) was 78 ...
Sugino K - - 1999
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)-binding inhibitory immunoglobulin (TBII) is thought to be one of the essential causes of Graves' disease, and most cases of neonatal hyperthyroidism can be explained by transplacental passage of TBII. Because surgery is often indicated for patients of childbearing age, it is important to elucidate how surgery reduces ...
Khoo D H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The aims were to study the prevalence of TSH binding inhibitor immunoglobulins (TBII) in newly diagnosed patients with autoimmune hypo-thyroidism, to determine if clinical and biochemical parameters in these patients differed, and to study the course of these antibodies after 12 months of L-thyroxine (LT4) therapy. SUBJECTS AND DESIGN: ...
Picciotto A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE; To evaluate the results of a large cohort of non-responder or relapsing responder patients with chronic hepatitis C retreated with various schedules of interferon (IFN). METHODS: Our study included 276 patients (158 non-responders and 118 relapsing responders) who underwent IFN retreatments. Among the non-responder group, 158 patients underwent further ...
Krassas G E - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Most thyroid textbooks describe hypothyroidism resulting in changes in the length of the menstrual cycle and in the amount of bleeding. Our experience at a busy thyroid clinic had given a picture which differs from that presented in the literature. The aim of this study was to determine the ...
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