Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 909
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de Groot Jan Willem B - - 2005
Interactions of imatinib with other drugs have been scarcely reported. We report a previously unknown effect of imatinib on levothyroxine therapy. Eleven patients (1 with gastrointestinal stromal tumor and 10 with medullary thyroid carcinoma) received imatinib. Eight had undergone thyroidectomy and used levothyroxine, and 3 had the thyroid in situ. ...
Jha Ashish - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Anecdotal reports suggest that sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common among patients with primary hypothyroidism. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of SDB and to evaluate the effect of thyroxine replacement therapy on SDB in patients with primary hypothyroidism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty consecutive newly diagnosed, ...
Krassas Gerasimos E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Resistin is a recently discovered peptide hormone that belongs to a family of tissue-specific resistin-like molecules. To date, very few studies have reported on resistin concentrations in hyperthyroid patients, and they present controversial results. OBJECTIVES: To undertake a controlled, prospective study to investigate resistin concentrations in hyperthyroidism before and ...
Sarma Apurba Kumar - - 2005
A 56-year-old man with unstable angina underwent urgent coronary artery bypass grafting. The patient required reintubation and prolonged ventilation because of persistent drowsiness and hypotension. The patient was weaned off the ventilator and extubated; however, he remained drowsy and lethargic. Neurologic examination, electroencephalogram, and computed tomography scan of the brain ...
Bajetta E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) are a rare and heterogeneous group of neoplasms. The most recent WHO classification provides clinical tools and indications to make the diagnosis and to suggest the correct treatment in different subgroups of patients. The aim of this trial was to apply the new classification criteria in ...
Garcia-Serra Allie - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the incidence of hypothyroidism following radiotherapy (RT) to the low neck is high enough to justify the routine monitoring of thyroid function in asymptomatic patients. A retrospective study of 504 patients with head and neck cancer whose RT fields included the ...
Guldiken Sibel - - 2005
Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) represents the earliest stages of hypothyroidism but the benefits of detecting and treating SH are not well known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the alterations in global fibrinolytic capacity (GFC), which indicates the overall fibrinolytic activity, in patients with SH. The study group comprised ...
Stowell Charles P - - 2005
Although the associations between depression and hypothyroidism and between mania and hyperthyroidism are well described, mania in the setting of hypothyroidism is unusual. The authors present the case of a patient whose acute mania appears to have been precipitated by hypothyroidism secondary to postpartum thyroiditis. This case underscores the importance ...
Aliasgharpour M - - 2005
We investigated thyroid function in 46 (20 female & 26 male) psychiatric outpatients on lithium treatment by assessing triiodothyronine, thyroxine and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels. The presence of thyroid antibodies (anti-thyroid peroxidase and anti-thyroglobulin) was also assessed. Out of the 46 patients, 8 (17%) displayed overt hypothyroidism. Of the ...
Piper Hannah G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The incidence of hypothyroidism after hemithyroidectomy for benign thyroid disease remains uncertain. This study examines the incidence, natural history, and the factors contributing to hypothyroidism after hemithyroidectomy. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing hemithyroidectomy over 37 months was performed. The incidence of postoperative hypothyroidism was based on thyrotropin ...
Díez Juan J - - 2005
CONTEXT: Patients with subclinical hypothyroidism may revert to normal TSH values. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the time course of the normalization of TSH levels in subclinical hypothyroidism. DESIGN: This was a prospective, observational study with no intervention, with a duration of follow-up of 12-72 months. ...
Moncoucy Xavier - - 2005
AIM: To identify the predictive factors of dysthyroidism during treatment for chronic viral hepatitis C and to evaluate the long-term outcome of these patients. METHODS: Patients treated for chronic viral hepatitis C between 1990 and 2001 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients with dysthyroidism before treatment and patients positive for hepatitis B ...
Birring S S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence of an association between organ specific autoimmune diseases, particularly autoimmune thyroid disease and respiratory morbidity. A study was undertaken to determine whether patients with autoimmune thyroid disease have objective evidence of airway inflammation and dysfunction. METHODS: Twenty six non-smoking women with treated hypothyroidism and 19 ...
Sahin I - - 2005
It has been shown that impaired cardiac autonomic activity is closely related with lethal arhythmias. Heart rate variability (HRV), analysis of beat-to-beat variations, is an important and widely used non-invasive method to assess autonomic function. Impaired cardiac autonomic activity and altered sympathovagal balance were previously documented in patients with hypothyroidism. ...
Mercé Jordi - - 2005
PURPOSE: We investigated the prevalence and clinical importance of cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with hyperthyroidism. METHODS: All consecutive patients diagnosed with hyperthyroidism during a period of 24 months were included in the study. Medical history, complete physical examination results, electrocardiographic findings, laboratory determinations, and Doppler echocardiographic findings were obtained for ...
Rubio Ileana G S - - 2005
Radioiodine (RAI) treatment has increasingly been used mostly in elderly patients with multinodular goiter (MNG) as an alternative for surgery. Recombinant human thyrotropin (rhTSH) has been demonstrated to increase the uptake of RAI and also to promote a more even distribution of radionuclide among the various nodules. We have compared ...
Hauser A C - - 2005
Anderson-Fabry disease is a rare lysosomal storage disorder. It results from a deficiency of the lysosomal alpha-galactosidase A and leads to progressive accumulation of globotriaosylceramide in the endothelium and tissue cells of various organs. Some of the typical clinical findings such as tiredness, dry skin, myalgia and arthralgia as well ...
Bednarek Janusz - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to estimate the influence of hyperthyroidism and antithyroid treatment on oxidative stress peripheral parameters in Graves' disease patients with and without infiltrative ophthalmopathy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Free radical generation and scavenging plasma indices were determined in 47 patients with hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease (22 ...
Cutinha Darren - - 2005
Abnormalities in thyroid hormone metabolism are common in critically ill patients. However, it is not known if these patients are truly hypothyroid at tissue level. Erythrocyte zinc has been shown to be a tissue marker of thyroid hormone status. In this study we have measured the erythrocyte zinc in critically ...
Mancini A - - 2005
In previous works we demonstrated an inverse correlation between plasma Coenzyme Q 10 (CoQ10) and thyroid hormones; in fact, CoQ10 levels in hyperthyroid patients were found among the lowest detected in human diseases. On the contrary, CoQ10 is elevated in hypothyroid subjects, also in subclinical conditions, suggesting the usefulness of ...
Fricke Eva - - 2004
The risk of iodine-induced thyrotoxicosis in euthyroid patients receiving iodine-containing contrast agents is known to be low, but data on this risk in patients with latent hyperthyroidism are scarce. We investigated the role of thyroid scintigraphy using Tc-99m preceding the application of iodine-containing contrast material to estimate the risk of ...
Ishiguro Hiroyuki - - 2004
An increasing number of long-term surviving bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients have recovered from their primary disease but are at risk of developing failure of endocrine organs. We investigated 147 patients who underwent allogeneic BMT. Thyroid function was evaluated by serial measurement of basal TSH and free T4 levels as ...
Scoscia Elvio - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Various low triiodothyronine (T3) states have been described in severe nonthyroidal diseases and associated with a poor prognosis in cardiovascular disease patients. We assessed thyroid function in patients with severe respiratory failure from pulmonary disorders, and needing invasive or noninvasive mechanical ventilation, in order to evaluate the ...
Corona G - - 2004
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Rapid ejaculation (RE) is the most common sexual dysfunction in males. The aim of the present study is to determine the contribution of intrapsychic, organic and relational factors to the pathogenesis of RE and the relationship between RE and erectile dysfunction (ED) in a sample of patients ...
Datta Debapriya - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Hypothyroidism is cited as an uncommon cause of ventilator-dependent respiratory failure. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of hypothyroidism in patients with respiratory failure, receiving prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) with failure to wean, referred to a regional weaning center (RWC) for weaning. SETTING: RWC. DESIGN: ...
Niu D M - - 2004
AIM: To a) evaluate the contribution of bone maturation in the diagnosis of neonatal transient hypothyroidism versus dyshormonogenetic congenital hypothyroidism in full-term newborns, and b) use bone maturation to test the hypothesis that neonatal transient hypothyroidism is perinatal in onset. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 20 patients with dyshormonogenetic ...
Díez Juan J - - 2004
We aimed to analyze the natural course of subclinical hypothyroidism, quantify the incidence rate of overt hypothyroidism, and evaluate the risk factors for the development of definitive thyroid failure in elderly patients. One hundred seven patients (93 women and 14 men) over age 55 yr with subclinical hypothyroidism and no ...
Akcam Timur - - 2004
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Males with isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) fail to undergo normal sexual development, including the lack of masculinization of the larynx. The objective of this study was to measure the mean vocal fundamental frequency (MF0) in IHH patients and determine the impact of androgen treatment. An additional aim was to ...
Kim Kyung Mee - - 2004
In this study, we investigate how oxidative stress alters the urinary F2-isoprostanes' level and we examine the correlation between 8-isoPGF(2alpha) and thyroid hormones in female patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism. We quantitatively determined the concentrations of urinary F2-isoprostanes using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the selected ion-monitoring mode. We recruited individuals in ...
Osman Faizel - - 2004
Patients with subclinical and treated overt hyperthyroidism have an excess vascular mortality rate. Several symptoms and signs in overt hyperthyroidism suggest abnormality of cardiac autonomic function that may account in part for this excess mortality rate, but few studies have examined cardiac autonomic function in untreated and treated hyperthyroidism. We ...
Falaschi Paolo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis in patients with subclinical thyroid dysfunction recently reported to have either symptoms or organ involvements with potential morbidity, in order to better differentiate these patients with respect to controls. PATIENTS: Sixtythree patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism (HyperT), 178 normal subjects (EuT) and 106 patients ...
Sengül Erkan - - 2004
Hyperhomocysteinemia is considered to be an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic heart disease, including coronary artery disease (CAD). It is already known that overt hypothyroidism gives rise to a slight hyperhomocysteinemia. However, the effects of subclinical hypothyroidism on the levels of homocysteine are not known. In this study, we have ...
Rawat B - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid Hormones exert a direct cellular effect on almost all the tissues of the body including heart. Limited studies are available in the country to assess the various CVS parameters in hypothyroid patients and none have defined the impact of treatment on these parameters. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To do ...
Serhal Dina I - - 2004
Patients with differentiated thyroid cancer are often treated transiently with T(3) in preparation for radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. We questioned the value of using T(3) transiently in patients requiring RAI therapy. Two groups of patients requiring RAI therapy were investigated. One group included patients studied immediately after thyroidectomy, whereas the ...
Matsumoto Masae - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Changes in thyroid function among young patients who received bone marrow transplantation (BMT) were evaluated. METHODS: The study included 91 patients (50 males) who underwent BMT from 1985 to 1995 at the age of 0.6-21 years. Sixty patients had neoplastic disease such as leukemia or lymphoma, and the remainder ...
Ozbey N - - 2004
Four patients with Graves' disease in whom antithyroid drugs could not be used were treated by plasmapheresis preoperatively. On admission all patients had severe hyperthyroidism. All patients were treated by beta blockers, cholestyramine and inorganic iodine before plasmapheresis. Plasmapheresis course consisted of three sessions. Removed plasma was replaced by a ...
Bacić Vrca Vesna - - 2004
In this study, the effect of supplementation with a fixed combination of antioxidants (vitamins C and E, beta-carotene and selenium) on concentrations of antioxidative parameters in serum was monitored. Measurements were performed prior to the commencement of therapy and after 30 and 60 days in patients with Graves' disease treated ...
Silva Joyce R - - 2004
The effect of long-term treatment with amiodarone on patients with Chagas' disease has seldom been reported. This nonrandomized observational study attempted to analyze the follow-up of patients with Chagas' disease regarding their clinical evolution, thyroid dysfunction, and goiter. We compared 72 patients with long-term use (11 +/- 5 years) of ...
Gheri R G - - 2004
The clinical features and the laboratory aspects of the amiodarone-induced hypothyroidism (AIH) in the elderly as well as the effects of amiodarone treatment in aged AIH people have not yet been well clarified. In the present paper, we evaluated 18 subjects of both sexes (7 females, 11 males), aged 65-83 ...
Agaçi Feçor - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to evaluate certain clinical aspects of hyperthyroidism in Albania, which is an iodine deficient country, as it is known that iodine intake may influence the type of thyroid hyperfunction. The files of sixty-six patients with thyrotoxicosis who were hospitalised for their disease were retrospectively ...
Alexopoulou O - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We studied the clinical and hormonal profiles of patients with central hypothyroidism (CH), the adequacy of levothyroxine (L-T4) treatment and the influence of other pituitary hormone replacement therapies. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 108 adult patients with child-onset (CO; n=26) or adult-onset (AO; n=82) CH. RESULTS: At diagnosis, ...
Kisakol Gurcan - - 2003
Bone turnover is reported to increase in favour of resorption in overt hyperthyroidism and the rate of resorption is associated with the levels of thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism, on the other hand, was shown to cause no disturbance of calcium kinetics and found to associate lower trabecular resorption surfaces and increased ...
Hartoft-Nielsen Marie-Louise - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the value of the thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) stimulation test in the diagnostic work-up of the thyroid function in patients with pituitary pathology. METHODS: To compare the thyrotropin (TSH) response and the absolute and fold changes after TRH administration in 35 patients with pituitary pathology and 26 normal ...
Sugiura-Ogasawara Mayumi - - 2003
PROBLEM: A case-control study was designed to evaluate any associations between high exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and the 1,1,1,-trichloro-2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) metabolite 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (DDE) and recurrent miscarriage and immunoendocrine abnormalities. METHODS OF STUDY: A total of 18 kinds of co-planer PCBs, HCB, DDE, natural ...
Lee Doo Yun - - 2003
Compensatory sweating is a major complaint following endoscopic thoracic sympathetic surgery in treatment of palmar hyperhidrosis. T3 ramicotomy was applied in order to decrease compensatory sweating. From Oct 1999 to June 2002, forty patients underwent T3 sympathetic clipping (group I), and 68 patients underwent T3 ramicotomy (group II) to treat ...
Wiesli Peter - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Serum cystatin C (CysC) is a novel marker for kidney function. The impact of mild thyroid dysfunction on CysC has never been investigated. METHODS: CysC was determined at the time of diagnosis of subclinical hypo- and hyperthyroidism, and when TSH returned into the normal range in 40 consecutive patients ...
Pinto L P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that patients with hyperprolactinaemia due to biologically inactive macroprolactin will not show the characteristically increased dopaminergic inhibition of TSH release seen in patients with microprolactinomas secreting biologically active monomeric PRL. DESIGN: Comparison of the TSH and PRL responses to dopamine antagonism with domperidone (10 mg ...
Berghout A - - 2003
Twenty-six consecutive patients who presented with clinically euthyroid multinodular goitre were studied for an overnight fasting serum lipid profile and 24 h Holter monitoring. Mean serum TSH was 0.6 +/- 0.4 vs 2.4 +/- 1.3 mU/l (p < 0.0001) and mean TT3 2.4 +/- 0.4 vs 2.0 +/- 0.5 nmol/l ...
Liangpunsakul Suthat - - 2003
PURPOSE: Thyroid hormones play an important role in the regulation of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, both of which are affected in patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Anecdotally, we have observed that a number of patients with NASH carried a diagnosis of hypothyroidism. However, it is unknown if thyroid dysfunction plays ...
Cetinkaya Ergun - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism(SH) is most commonly an early stage of hypothyroidism. Although the condition may resolve or remain unchanged, within a few years in some patients overt hypothyroidism develops, with low free T4 levels as well as a raised thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level. Patients with SH may have subtle ...
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