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Results 101 - 150 of 908
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Woodward Anne - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is now routinely reported by most National Health Service laboratories. There are many limitations when interpreting eGFR: thyroid dysfunction is not widely recognized as being one of these. METHODS: We extracted from the pathology computer system results of all patients with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism ...
Mekaru Keiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of an oil-soluble iodinated contrast medium (lipiodol) for hysterosalpingography (HSG) on thyroid function. METHODS: In 214 of 528 women with infertility examined by HSG using lipiodol between 1996 and 2006 at our institution, serum free thyroxine (FT4) and ...
Mohamed-Ali Mohamed S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate disturbances in the coagulation system in female patients with thyroid disorders in order to assess the effects of thyroid diseases on coagulation parameters. METHODS: This study was conducted in Khartoum state, the national capital of Sudan from February 2007 and February 2008 The study included 30 patients ...
Roelfsema Ferdinand - - 2008
CONTEXT: Hormone secretion by somatotropinomas, corticotropinomas, and prolactinomas exhibits increased pulsatility and basal secretion, accompanied by greater disorderliness. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate TSH secretion by thyrotropinomas with up-to-date analytical and mathematical tools. DESIGN: Twenty-four hour blood samplings at 10-min intervals in a clinical research laboratory in five patients ...
Aamir Iram Siddiqa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequencies of serum antithyroglobulin and antimicrosomal autoantibodies in female patients with chronic urticaria, and the association between thyroid autoantibodies and chronic urticaria, if any. STUDY DESIGN: Non-interventional, case-control analytic study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: This study was carried out by the Department of Physiology, Dow ...
Mancini Antonio - - 2008
Oxidative stress is involved both in metabolic syndrome and male infertility. Hypogonadism is also associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. To investigate the role of gonadal steroids in systemic antioxidant regulation, we determined plasma CoenzymeQ(10) (CoQ(10)) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in postsurgical hypopituitaric patients. Twenty-six patients aged 28-55 ...
Peralta Ana Rita - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are many systemic illnesses that constitute risk factors for cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT). Hypothyroidism was never associated with CVT, despite growing evidence supporting a possible etiopathogenic link. We report two patients with CVT in whom hypothyroidism was concomitantly diagnosed. CLINICAL CASES: Cases were women 21 and 52 years ...
Rathi M S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Patients often lose considerable weight prior to the diagnosis of thyrotoxicosis. Regaining weight with treatment of thyrotoxicosis until hormone levels normalise is expected. This study was aimed to determine whether patients continued to put on weight once they were euthyroid. STUDY DESIGN AND METHOD: The records of 60 consecutive ...
Bircan R - - 2008
Constitutively activating thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) germline mutations have been identified as a molecular cause of congenital hyperthyroidism. Patients with relapsing hyperthyroidism were previously treated with surgery and radioiodine. We report on a 22-year-old male patient who was treated for his multiple relapses of hyperthyroidism by repeated subtotal thyroidectomies (STE). During ...
Sisson James C - - 2008
Appearances of and increases in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) have been reported after treatment of patients with hyperthyroidism with radioiodine. We sought to determine the rates of appearance or increase in manifestations of GO in American patients treated with radioiodine for hyperthyroidism. METHODS: The study population, which consisted of 76 patients ...
Moreno José C - - 2008
DEHAL1 has been identified as the gene encoding iodotyrosine deiodinase in the thyroid, where it controls the reuse of iodide for thyroid hormone synthesis. We screened patients with hypothyroidism who had features suggestive of an iodotyrosine deiodinase defect for mutations in DEHAL1. Two missense mutations and a deletion of three ...
Hsieh M-J - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To study the clinical characteristics of hypokalemic thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (hoTPP) and identify the predictors of recurrent paralytic attacks before achieving the euthyroid status. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 45 hoTPP patients who were admitted during the 7-year study period. RESULTS: A tendency towards male predominance was observed ...
Eustatia-Rutten Carmen F A - - 2008
CONTEXT: Knowledge on the relationship between the autonomic nervous system and subclinical hyperthyroidism is mainly based upon cross-sectional studies in heterogeneous patient populations, and the effect of restoration to euthyroidism in subclinical hyperthyroidism has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the long-term effects of exogenous subclinical hyperthyroidism on the autonomic ...
Chuhwak, E K; ; ...
Background In endemic goitre regions, multinodular goitre is more common as an aetiology of thyrotoxicosis than Grave's disease. The Jos Plateau is one of the goitre endemic areas of Nigeria. A 10year prospective study was carried out to determine the aetiology and clinical features of thyrotoxicosis in patients attending the ...
Wustmann K - - 2008
CONTEXT: A shortening of the atrial refractory period has been considered as the main mechanism for the increased risk of atrial fibrillation in hyperthyroidism. However, other important factors may be involved. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the activity of abnormal supraventricular electrical depolarizations in response to elevated thyroid hormones ...
Kara Cengiz - - 2008
AIM: To determine the percentage of patients with inappropriate secretion of TSH (ISTSH) in a large cohort of patients with congenital hypothyroidism (CH), and to examine a probable influence of the pretreatment T4 or TSH levels and the etiology of CH on ISTSH by describing the clinical features of these ...
Karmisholt Jesper - - 2008
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Most patients with subclinical hypothyroidism are regularly monitored when treatment is not started. We have studied how interval between follow-up visits and how different T(4) estimates influence diagnostic outcome in a cohort of patients with untreated subclinical hypothyroidism, and studied whether assessment of clinical symptoms and signs aids evaluation ...
Jonklaas Jacqueline - - 2008
CONTEXT: Thyroidal production of triiodothyronine (T3) is absent in athyreotic patients, leading to the suggestion that T3 deficiency may be unavoidable during levothyroxine (LT4) therapy. However, trials evaluating therapy with combined LT4 and T3 have failed to demonstrate any consistent advantage of combination therapy. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether T3 levels ...
Thornton A R D AR MRC Institute of Hearing Research, Royal South Hants Hospital, Southampton SO14 0YG, UK. - - 2008
Retrocochlear sensorineural hearing loss, associated with hypothyroidism, has been reported. This study investigated that claim. Audiometric and auditory brainstem response (ABR) measures of patients with hyper- and hypothyroidism. The hyperthyroid group (14 patients) gave no audiometric or ABR results that differed significantly from normal controls. The audiometric findings for the ...
Sanai T - - 2008
BACKGROUND/METHODS: The presence or absence of hypothyroidism was assessed in 152 consecutive Japanese patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis. Eight patients who had undergone treatment for thyroid disease before starting hemodialysis therapy, and 3 patients with amyloidosis due to rheumatoid arthritis were excluded. RESULTS: Of the remaining 141 hemodialysis ...
Vos Xander G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: It is claimed that second generation thyrotropin-binding inhibitory immunoglobulin (TBII) assays have a very high sensitivity for the diagnosis of Graves' hyperthyroidism (GH). However, studies evaluating the accuracy of TBII have been retrospective in nature and/or GH had not been diagnosed independently of TBII. The aim of the present ...
Galetta Fabio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of clinical hypothyroidism on cardiovascular autonomic function and ventricular repolarization. DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied 31 patients (22 females and 9 males; mean age 53.6+/-11.8 years) with overt hypothyroidism (TSH=56.2+/-14.7 microU/ml, low free thyroxine (T4), free tri-iodothyronine (T3)) ...
Anjana Y - - 2008
AIM: Higher brain functions are adversely affected in hypothyroid patients. The central nervous system features of hypothyroidism include mental retardation, various cognitive and memory deficits that have been evaluated by different neuropsychological tests. In the present study event-related potentials (ERPs) have been used to assess the cognitive status of hypothyroid ...
Popova Galina - - 2008
AIM: It was the aim of this study to describe the presentation and clinical course of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) in children with Down's syndrome (DS) in 2 Scottish health regions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed clinical, biochemical and thyroid antibody status in 38 patients with DS with HT diagnosed ...
Kubota Sumihisa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although transient thyrotoxicosis occurring after antithyroid drug (ATD) withdrawal in patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism has been reported, the prevalence of transient thyrotoxicosis after ATD therapy is as yet unknown. When patients with transient hyperthyroidism are mistakenly regarded as recurrences, they receive unnecessary therapy. The aim of this study was ...
Kang Ea Wha - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with chronic kidney disease, little is known about the clinical features and implications of this disorder in end-stage renal disease patients. This study aimed to investigate the clinical implications of subclinical hypothyroidism in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. METHODS: ...
Al-Awadhi A M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the frequencies of abnormal thyroid function tests and serum thyroid autoantibodies in healthy Kuwaitis and those with autoimmune diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Serum concentrations of sensitive thyrotropin, and free thyroxine were measured in 577 apparently healthy controls, 177 patients with rheumatoid ...
Erdamar Hüsamettin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Free radical-mediated oxidative stress has been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of several autoimmune disorders. Also, there is growing evidence supporting the role of reactive oxygen species in the pathogenesis of thyroid disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and their treatments on ...
Sato Kanji - - 2008
We report the treatment of four thyrotoxic patients. Two were cases of type I amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) treated with methimazole. The third Graves' disease patient, who became hypothyroid 25 years after subtotal thyroidectomy, developed type II AIT. Furthermore, one case with heart failure and ventricular tachycardia, who developed an adverse ...
Torlontano Massimo - - 2008
CONTEXT: Type 2 deiodinase (D2) converts T4 in T3 in several human tissues, including hypothalamus and pituitary, and, therefore, plays a pivotal role in the negative feedback regulation of TSH secretion. A common variant of the gene, threonine (Thr) 92 alanine (Ala), has been identified and associated with decreased D2 ...
Oflaz Huseyin - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Overt and subclinical hypothyroidism are reported to be associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. We have used coronary flow reserve (CFR) measurement by trans-thoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) to determine coronary microvascular function in Hashimoto's thyroiditis patients with overt and subclinical hypothyroidism and to evaluate effects of L-thyroxine replacement on ...
Checchi Serenella - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroid patients on l-T(4) therapy may require replacement doses exceeding the theoretical needs to normalize serum TSH due to low patient compliance, drugs interference, and malabsorption. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether autoimmune gastritis might cause increased l-T(4) requirement in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis receiving l-T(4) replacement. PATIENTS: We studied 391 ...
Tajima Toshihiro - - 2007
We encountered a Japanese patient of congenital hypothyroidism with severe cerebellum atrophy. The boy was born after 40 weeks of gestation by normal vaginal delivery from nonconsanguineous parents. There were no abnormal physical findings; however neonatal mass screening for congenital hypothyroidism at 5 days of age demonstrated elevated thyrotropin (TSH) ...
Livadariu E - - 2007
Many causes of thyroxine malabsorption are described in the literature, but the most common cause of failure of thyroxine therapy is poor patient compliance, or pseudomalabsorption. We describe the case of a female patient who underwent total thyroidectomy for Basedow-Graves disease. Post-operatively, several treatment regimens were employed to achieve euthyroidism, ...
Barca Maria Fernanda - - 2007
Treatment of large multinodular goiter (MNG) with radioiodine preceded by recombinant human thyrotropin (0.1 mg rhTSH) has been shown to be a safe alternative for patients with comorbidities that preclude surgery. However, the increase in serum thyroid hormones that follows both treatments may be harmful for some patients, particularly those ...
Franklyn Jayne A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A 75-year-old man had a myocardial infarction complicated by poor left ventricular function and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia. He began treatment with amiodarone and 12 months later developed symptoms of thyrotoxicosis. INVESTIGATIONS: Thyroid function tests after commencement of amiodarone revealed a high-normal level of free T4 and low-normal level of ...
Benbassat C A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictive factors of clinical outcome of subacute thyroiditis. DESIGN: Retrospective case series of 56 consecutive patients treated in 3 outpatient clinics between 1999 and 2005. Medical records were reviewed for demographic data, seasonal disease distribution, laboratory and clinical course, treatment, and short-term outcome. MAIN OUTCOME: Mean age ...
Laukkarinen Johanna - - 2007
CONTEXT: Earlier, we have shown an increased prevalence of previously diagnosed hypothyroidism in common bile duct (CBD) stone patients and a delayed emptying of the biliary tract in hypothyroidism, explained partly by the missing prorelaxing effect of T(4) on the sphincter of Oddi contractility. OBJECTIVE: In this study, the prevalence ...
Sato Hirokazu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The growth of patients with congenital hypothyroidism detected by neonatal screening in Japan was investigated. The data investigated were obtained from Medical Aid Program for Chronic Pediatric Diseases of Specified Categories registered in 2002. METHOD: The present study included 2341 patients (1030 male, 1311 female) registered as having congenital ...
Blum Johannes A - - 2007
Symptoms consistent with hypothyroidism or adrenal insufficiency, such as lethargy, anorexia, cold intolerance, weakness, hypotension or paraesthesia, are frequently reported in the literature in patients with Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT), but an endocrine origin for these symptoms has not yet been demonstrated. Thyroid and adrenocortical function were assessed in 60 ...
Ho Wan-Jing - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Vascular responsiveness changes in hyperthyroid patients remains controversial. This study attempts to determine whether the vasomotor activity can be influenced by hyperthyroid conditions, and, if so, whether changes induced by hyperthyroidism may be restored to normal during the euthyroid state after treatment. DESIGN: A case-control clinical study. PATIENTS AND ...
Verburg Frederik A - - 2007
In 1942, Dr. Seidlin of the Memorial Hospital in New York was faced with a 51-year- old patient who had undergone a thyroidectomy in 1923 [1]. At the time, the histologic diagnosis was a 'malignant adenoma' of the thyroid. In 1938 the patient returned with overt signs of thyroid hyperfunction ...
Foppiani L - - 2007
TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas (TSH-omas) are a rare cause of hyperthyroidism in clinical practice. As their diagnosis is often delayed, these tumors are mostly diagnosed as macroadenomas, preventing an effective and radical cure and leading to serious local and systemic comorbidities. In addition to neurosurgery, medical therapy with the effective and ...
Kraft John N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a recurrent disease confined to apocrine gland-bearing areas causing painful, deep-seated lesions and draining sinus tracts. Uniformly effective therapy is lacking. Improvements in current medical management strategies are needed. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the success rate for a variety of treatments in our female ...
Mantovani Giovanna - - 2007
CONTEXT: Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) types Ia and Ib, are caused by mutations in GNAS exons 1-13 and GNAS methylation defects, respectively. PHP-Ia patients show Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) and resistance toward PTH and additional hormones, whereas PHP-Ib patients do not have AHO and hormone resistance is limited to PTH and, as ...
Portella Renata Boschi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Subclinical hyperthyroidism (SH) has been associated with exercise intolerance, changes in cardiac morphology, atrial arrhythmias and sympathovagal imbalance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the vagal reserve and modulation by a sympathetic stimulus in nonelderly patients with SH without cardiovascular problems. DESIGN: We carried out a cross-sectional ...
Jagsch C - - 2007
Elderly patients are at a higher risk for inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion when treated with antidepressants. In response to severe depressive symptoms, we initiated treatment with citalopram of an 81-year-old female patient with slightly reduced sodium and chloride levels. The sodium and chloride levels decreased continuously during treatment with citalopram; ...
Squizzato Alessandro - - 2007
Several in-vivo studies have shown a procoagulant state in both overt and subclinical hyperthyroidism and in subclinical hypothyroidism. Insofar, no clinical studies have ever evaluated the relationship between thyroid dysfunction and clinically deep venous thrombosis (DVT). A pilot cross-sectional study aimed at assessing the frequency of overt and subclinical thyroid ...
Elston M S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxic, hypokalaemic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a reversible cause of severe muscle weakness that occurs in a small minority of thyrotoxic patients. Most cases to date have been reported in Asian men. AIMS: To evaluate the ethnic distribution of patients with TPP. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients presenting ...
Smith Robert C - - 2007
Patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) have little or no demonstrable disease explanation for the symptoms, and comorbid psychiatric disorders are frequent. Although common, costly, distressed, and often receiving ill-advised testing and treatments, most MUS patients go unrecognized, which precludes effective treatment. To enhance recognition, we present an emerging perspective ...
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