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Results 551 - 600 of 914
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Dinani S - - 1990
The thyroid status of 106 adults with Down's syndrome was assessed. Six were previously diagnosed as hypothyroid and were already receiving thyroxine. A further 37 patients showed abnormal thyroid function. Biochemical evidence of hypothyroidism (T4 less than 50 nmol/l and T.S.H. greater than 4 mu/less than) was found in one ...
Fagerberg B - - 1990
Hyperthyroidism has been considered to be underdiagnosed as a pathogenetic factor for atrial fibrillation, according to results of thyroliberin stimulation tests. We assessed, clinically and biochemically, thyroid function in 110 ambulatory patients with atrial fibrillation [mean age 64 (SD 11) years] from a group of consecutive cases referred to a ...
Fukazawa H - - 1990
In order to investigate endocrine disturbances in patients with myotonic dystrophy (MD), 12 patients and 20 normal controls were studied. All patients were clinically euthyroid and there were no significant differences between circulating levels (mean +/- SD) of T4 (114.7 +/- 26.8 vs 129.9 +/- 28.3 nmol/l), FT4 (16.6 +/- ...
Dunne F P - - 1990
Hypersecretion of TSH by a pituitary adenoma is thought to be a rare form of hyperthyroidism. We describe three such patients, each of whom presented with clinical hyperthyroidism and a diffuse goitre, without eye signs or dermatopathy. Two were receiving long-term phenothiazine, one of these was also acromegalic. Plasma thyroxine, ...
Rice L W - - 1990
The current study investigates the clinical characteristics of patients with partial molar pregnancy who developed persistent gestational trophoblastic tumor (GTT). Between January 1979 and January 1989, 16 of 240 (6.6%) patients, who were followed for partial mole, developed persistent GTT. Fifteen (94%) patients were diagnosed as having a missed abortion ...
Elte J W - - 1990
In this communication data on the natural history of euthyroid multinodular goitres are presented. From a total group of 140 patients (mean age 54.6 years, 14 men and 126 women; 88 with autonomous, 52 with non-autonomous function), follow-up data were available for 90 patients (mean age 54.0 years, 11 men ...
Herrick A L - - 1990
Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) and cortisol-binding globulin (CBG) were measured in plasma of 26 patients with acute intermittent porphyria (AIP). Twelve patients had clinically manifest disease and all had elevated SHBG levels. All but one of 14 patients with latent porphyria had normal SHBG levels. TBG was ...
Dorey F - - 1990
Selective pituitary resistance to thyroid hormone (PRTH) is responsible for thyrotoxicosis due to inappropriate secretion of TSH. The TSH suppressive action of D-thyroxine (DT4) has been previously documented in euthyroid and hypothyroid subjects. This prompted us to treat with DT4 three patients with PRTH uncontrolled by anti-thyroid drugs (ATD) alone ...
De Keyser L - - 1990
Thirty-nine patients with progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) in stable clinical conditions were extensively evaluated for the presence of thyroid disease. Two patients had previously undetected hypothyroidism while 7 additional patients had normal serum thyroid hormone levels but an exaggerated TSH response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) administration, consistent with subclinical hypothyroidism. ...
Kreisig T - - 1990
In 104 euthyroid patients with goiter and suspected thyroid autonomy two thyroid scintiscans with quantification of the TcTU were performed before (TcTUo) and after exogeneous TSH suppression (TcTUs). In 15 patients with subnormal TSH before suppression the TcTUs revealed no difference to the TcTUo. In contrast to the TcTUo, in ...
Bhakri H L - - 1990
A prospective longitudinal study of thyroid function was conducted in 180 consecutive admissions to an acute geriatric unit. The rest strategy included assay of TSH and TRH testing when appropriate. On admission TSH was suppressed (less than 0.1 mU/l) in 17 patients (9.4%) and elevated (greater than 4.0 mU/l) in ...
Gottardis M - - 1990
Patients suffering from severe cranio-cerebral trauma show alterations of the secretory patterns of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and human growth hormone (HGH) which may be of prognostic significance. We studied 10 patients following severe brain injury and prospectively compared a new synthetic human growth hormone releasing factor (HGHRF) test with ...
Cho B Y - - 1990
We investigated the effect of a single dose of 131I upon thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAb) in 21 patients with Graves' disease. The thyrotropin receptor antibodies were assessed by parallel measurements of thyrotropin binding inhibitor immunoglobulin (TBII), thyroid stimulating antibody (TSAb) and thyroid stimulation blocking antibody (TSBAb) in serum by radoreceptor ...
Noder M - - 1990
Pre- and postdexamethasone triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), and TSH levels of thirteen patients with psychogenic sexual dysfunction and thirteen controls were studied. Patients showed lowered T4 levels in comparison with the control group whereas T3 and TSH levels did not differ significantly. Dexamethasone had a suppressive effect on TSH in ...
Ramanathan M - - 1989
The presenting features of 236 thyrotoxic patients seen in the thyroid clinic were reviewed. 18.65% of these patterns had one or more dermatological complaints at presentation. There was no specific difference in this group of patients when compared with the general hyperthyroid population with regard to age, race, sex, duration ...
Komurasaki Y - - 1989
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) has been reported to be effective in some neuropsychiatric diseases. We examined the effect of TRH on the syndrome of pathologic laughing or crying in four patients with multiple cerebral infarction and one with olivo-ponto-cerebellar atrophy (OPCA). We found a marked therapeutic effect of the peptide on ...
Cho B Y BY Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, - - 1989
We investigated the effect of a single dose of 131I upon thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAb) in 21 patients with Graves' disease. The thyrotropin receptor antibodies were assessed by parallel measurements of thyrotropin binding inhibitor immunoglobulin (TBII), thyroid stimulating antibody (TSAb), and thyroid stimulation blocking antibody (TSBAb) in serum by radioreceptor ...
Anania C C Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 1989
Thirty-two consecutive patients presenting with Graves' disease were divided into two groups, black (Group I) and non-black (Group II), and observed for the occurrence of hyperpigmentation. The overall incidence of hyperpigmentation in subjects with Graves' disease was 38 percent, with 12 of 14 Group I patients and 0 of 18 ...
Gómez J M JM Servicio de Endocrinologia, Hospital de Bellvitge, Barcelona, - - 1989
One hundred twenty six patients with Graves' disease, 26 with toxic multinodular goiter, and 18 with toxic adenoma were treated with 131I (3-15 mCi), and followed at monthly intervals for six months. Transient hypothyroidism occurred at two months in 22 patients with Graves' disease. In this state TSH levels became ...
Gesundheit N - - 1989
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and biochemical features of patients with TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyrotropin)-secreting pituitary tumors; to measure the biologic activity in vitro of circulating TSH from selected patients before and after pituitary surgery. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Patients in an endocrinology unit. PATIENTS: Nine patients with TSH-secreting ...
Sheth J - - 1989
Attempt has been made to rationalise the biochemical assessment of patients suspected to have thyroid dysfunction by introduction of a new rapid and supersensitive immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) for TSH. 294 patients were subjected to thyroid investigation viz; tT3, tT4 and TSH (IRMA). Of these, 51 (17.34%) were hypothyroid, 22 (7.48%) ...
Roelfsema F - - 1989
We studied the 24-h TSH profiles of 16 treated male acromegalic patients (age range 26-68 yr) in clinical and biochemical remission. Eight had undergone transsphenoidal surgery, the others surgery and pituitary irradiation. Blood samples were taken at 20-min intervals; circadian rhythms were established by cosinor analysis, pulsatile release with the ...
Kelley D E - - 1989
We reviewed the clinical characteristics of 10 patients with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis. In these patients, a relatively uniform group of young men, the periodic paralysis developed nearly concurrently with the onset of hyperthyroidism. The attacks were precipitated most frequently by rest and by exercise and, occasionally, by ingestion of a ...
Trzepacz P T - - 1989
PURPOSE: Assessment of disease severity for patients with hyperthyroidism involves clinical evaluation and laboratory testing. To determine if there is a correlation between symptoms and thyroid function test results, we prospectively studied hyperthyroid patients using a standardized symptom rating scale and serum thyroid function parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined ...
Aizawa T - - 1989
In order to clarify the reasons why hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease is mild in aged patients compared to young patients, we examined the degree of hyperthyroidism and immune abnormalities in 371 untreated patients. The patients were divided into nine groups based on their age; groups A to I consisted ...
Talbot J N - - 1989
"Sensitive" thyrotropin (TSH), thyroglobulin (TG) and even thyrotropin binding inhibiting immunoglobulins (TBII) assays are now widely available. The objective of the present study was to determine the most accurate of these three parameters to predict the relapse of Graves' disease during the year following treatment discontinuation and to evaluate whether ...
Marx A - - 1989
The hypothesis of altered Na+/K+ transport in thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) was tested in an investigation of the K+ influx into erythrocytes from two patients with episodes of thyrotoxic muscle weakness. A patient with primary hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HPP) and three healthy volunteers served as controls. The TPP patients were ...
Ford H C - - 1989
The concentrations in serum of total and ionised calcium, phosphate, magnesium, albumin and alkaline phosphatase activity were measured in patients when hyperthyroid and again when euthyroid. Significant declines in the mean values of ionised calcium, phosphate and alkaline phosphatase activity and significant increases in the mean concentrations of magnesium and ...
Behar A - - 1989
Microcirculatory disorders are often a complication of diabetes. They are associated with an increased capillary permeability which can be assessed by the Landis test using 99mTc-labelled albumin. Labelled albumin retention is measured by external detection (residual radioactivity after removal of venous tourniquet). The Fast Fourier Transform of the radioactivity disappearance ...
Pandya K - - 1989
Four patients with long-term ventilator dependency and severe hypothyroidism discovered in a single year are described. Correction of hypothyroidism was helpful in weaning three patients from the ventilator. The fourth patient died of other medical problems. None of these patients had goiter or clinical evidence of hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism was discovered ...
Mancini A - - 1989
In previous works we have demonstrated that Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) levels have a significant inverse correlation with thyroid hormone concentration in patients with spontaneous hyper- or hypothyroidism. In order to verify whether this correlation is maintained in patients on long-term amiodarone therapy, in whom thyroid metabolism is altered by the ...
Holm A C - - 1989
We studied the initial uptake of L-T3 in erythrocytes isolated from normal subjects and patients with abnormal thyroid function. The uptake was saturable, with a mean maximum velocity (Vmax) of 3.60 pmol/min.10(8) cells and a Km of 248 nmol/L in normal subjects. Women had a somewhat lower Km but a ...
Takaichi Y - - 1989
The presence of serum antithyroglobulin (TGHA) and antithyroidal microsomal (MCHA) antibodies in Graves' disease patients is associated with lymphocytic infiltration of the thyroid. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical significance of TGHA and MCHA during and after treatment of hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease. One hundred ...
Schleusener H - - 1989
Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease characterized by a course of remission and relapse. Since the introduction of antithyroid drug treatment, various parameters have been tested for their ability to predict the clinical course of a patient with Graves' disease after drug withdrawal. Nearly all these studies were retrospective [corrected] ...
Komatireddy G R - - 1989
The association between hypothyroidism and calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition disease (CPPD) is controversial. We studied the prevalence of chondrocalcinosis, the roentgenographic marker of CPPD by obtaining anteroposterior knee roentgenograms in 49 hypothyroid patients over the age of 40 years, and compared them with knee roentgenograms in 31 euthyroid patients matched ...
Kasagi K - - 1989
TSH binding inhibitor immunoglobulin (TBII) and thyroid-stimulating antibody (TSAb) activities were measured serially for 4-32 months in nine patients before and during development of hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease. Initially, all were euthyroid, seven had thyroid enlargement, one had proptosis, and seven had high serum titers of antithyroid microsomal antibodies. ...
von Olshausen K - - 1989
The arrhythmia profile and heart rate (HR) were analyzed by 24-hour Holter monitoring in 37 hyperthyroid patients before (triiodothyronine [T3] hormone level = 331 +/- 108 ng/dl), during (T3 level = 202 +/- 98 ng/dl) and after an antihyperthyroid therapy of 8 to 89 weeks' duration (T3 level = 149 ...
Barsano C P - - 1989
Leukocyte alkaline phosphatase (LAP) activity was determined in normal subjects, and in untreated, symptomatic patients with primary hypothyroidism or thyrotoxicosis. The means +/- 1 SD of (n) subjects were, respectively: 61.7 +/- 27.5 (16), 149.9 +/- 56.3 (9) and 96.9 +/- 27.7 (9). The mean LAP values of the hypothyroid ...
Georgotas A - - 1989
Seventy-six elderly depressed patients who had responded to either nortriptyline or phenelzine after a trial of up to 3 months were examined. The mean week of response was nearly 6 weeks. Patients who were more severely depressed took longer to respond. Patients with endogenous depression responded sooner on nortriptyline than ...
Talbot J N JN Service de Médecine Nucléaire, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Paris, - - 1989
Low TSH levels are frequently encountered in patients presenting with goiter. We assayed TSH in 599 goitrous patients who were referred to us for scintigraphy and ultrasonography. When TSH levels were low or when a hot nodule was discovered at scintigraphy, free T3, free T4 and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) ...
Pope R M - - 1989
The clinical utility of ELISA assays for antibodies reactive with a variety of porcine orbital tissue antigen preparations is described using sera from large numbers of patients. Use of such assays does not allow reliable identification of patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) due to the overlap between patients with and ...
Ahmed M - - 1989
Five female patients with primary hypothyroidism and radiological evidence of a pituitary enlargement were studied before and after a mean of 30 months (range 12-83 months) treatment with thyroxine (T4). Before treatment, serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels were elevated in every patient (mean 392 mU/l, range 240-475) and prolactin levels ...
Carpentier W R - - 1989
Forty-five patients with Graves' disease were studied prospectively to determine if 24-hour I-131 uptake measurements alone or in combination with serum thyroid hormone levels at six weeks would determine the necessity for retreatment of the thyrotoxicosis. All patients with an I-131 uptake greater than 30% at six weeks required retreatment. ...
Tobin M V - - 1989
Altered bowel habit commonly occurs in thyroid disease. We measured orocaecal transit in healthy volunteers and in hyperthyroid and hypothyroid patients before and after treatment, using the lactulose hydrogen breath test incorporating a standard liquid meal to obtain a more physiological assessment. Mean transit time in 12 control subjects was ...
Kálmán K - - 1989
The thyroid hormone titres of the sera of 25 euthyroid infiltrative ophthalmopathic patients was examined, TRH test was performed, and thyroid-stimulating antibodies were studied by membrane receptor assay and TRAK assay. Previously, other diseases causing exophthalmos could be excluded by ophthalmological, radiological examinations, orbital ultrasonography and/or CT. Following TRH administration, ...
Spencer C A CA Department of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los - - 1988
In either an ambulatory or a hospitalized patient setting, a normal serum sensitive thyrotropin (TSH) value is strongly suggestive of euthyroidism if the patient has intact hypothalamic-pituitary function and is not receiving drugs known to suppress pituitary TSH secretion. In stable ambulatory patients, an abnormal sensitive TSH value is strongly ...
Monreal M - - 1988
Serum total thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and thyrotropin response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH-TSH test) were measured in 126 consecutive patients admitted with atrial fibrillation: 33 patients with an acute arterial limb embolism (Group I), 31 patients with an acute embolic stroke (Group II), and 62 patients without any arterial occlusion (Group III). ...
Blunt S - - 1988
Using a highly sensitive amplified enzyme-linked immunoassay (AEIA) for thyrotrophin (TSH), we have assessed the ability of a single basal measurement of TSH to predict the subsequent response of TSH to TRH in a group of 11 patients with known pituitary pathology and some evidence of hypopituitarism. All patients were ...
Codaccioni J L - - 1988
Twenty-six patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism treated only with propranolol for 1-21 months have been followed up to 5 years. The patients were evaluated before treatment, at 15, 30, and 90 days during treatment, and then at 90-day intervals during propranolol treatment by clinical examination and measurement of serum free T3, ...
Eisenstein Z - - 1988
Interleukin-2 is a lymphokine which is believed to play a central role in the regulation of the immune response. The production of and response to interleukin-2 were determined in hyperthyroid Graves' patients together with thyroid function and serum thyrotropin receptor antibody, a marker of autoimmune activity. Interleukin-2 production by mitogen-induced ...
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