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Results 501 - 550 of 907
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Kaneko M - - 1992
The 5HT-induced shape change (5HT-SC) of blood platelets, which had been suggested to reflect the 5HT2 receptor-mediated function of the central nervous system (CNS), was examined in patients with depression before or after antidepressant therapy. The degree of 5HT-SC did not differ between patients before treatment (n = 17) and ...
Custro N - - 1992
Patients with severe non-thyroidal illness (NTI) often evidence concomitant anomalies in thyroid function (TF). In order to shed light on the implications of these anomalies and/or changes and disease course, we monitored TF changes in a selected cohort of 45 patients with serious NTI (21 with liver cirrhosis, 15 with ...
Lateiwish A M - - 1992
A 50-year-old man is described who had a 15-year history of Raynaud's phenomenon with severe and frequent vasospastic attacks in his fingers and toes during the past years. Exacerbation of his digital symptoms, which started about 4 years ago, was accompanied by signs of thyroid deficiency, such as tiredness, memory ...
Hara T - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between thyroid function and the biological activities of thyroid stimulating antibodies (TSAb) and thyroid stimulation blocking antibodies (TSBAb) in patients with post-partum hypothyroidism. DESIGN: A prospective study. PATIENTS: We studied 25 patients with post-partum hypothyroidism who visited our thyroid clinic during the period from 1985 ...
Jordan D - - 1992
The aim of the present study was to investigate the functional and/or pathological significance of the hemispherical lateralization of TRH using radioimmunoassay to determine the TRH concentration of nuclei and areas within the hypothalamus of suicide patients, with matching measurement being carried out on control subjects. In suicide patients, we ...
Karahanyan E - - 1992
Twenty four patients (14 girls and 10 boys aged six months to 23 years) with congenital hypothyroidism were studied. The diagnoses of all subjects were made 15 days to one year after birth. After being diagnosed, each child was started immediately on replacement hormonotherapy. Parameters of their physical and mental ...
Kaminsky P - - 1992
Phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to investigate the muscle bioenergetics in different hypothyroid states. Using the thenar muscle group as reference, 2 patients with chronic and severe hormonal deficiency, 3 patients with subacute hypothyroidism, and 8 patients with moderate thyroid insufficiency with isolated high blood TSH levels were ...
Bartuska D G - - 1991
Overtreatment of hypothyroidism is particularly hazardous in older patients, who are often maintained on less than half the amount of replacement hormone required by younger patients. With the current sensitive assays for TSH, the goal is to reduce TSH to the normal but not to the suppressed range. For hyperthyroidism, ...
LeMar H J HJ - - 1991
Hypothyroidism presenting with classic signs and symptoms is generally easily recognized. Less often, patients with hypothyroidism may present with symptoms and laboratory abnormalities suggestive of cardiovascular disease. In this article, we describe six such patients. Hypothyroidism was suspected when creatine phosphokinase (CPK) levels were persistently elevated. The diagnosis was confirmed ...
Litta Modignani R - - 1991
A total of 67 patients with chronic autoimmune thyroid disease were followed, mainly as outpatients, for a period of a few months to over 15 years. The diagnosis was euthyroidism (n = 16, 23.8%), subclinical hypothyroidism (n = 20, 29.8%), primary hypothyroidism (n = 28, 41.7%) or hashitoxicosis (n = ...
Yoshida K - - 1991
We have recently reported that, in patients with hyperthyroidism, the red blood cell (RBC) carbonic anhydrase I (CAI) and zinc (Zn) concentrations both reflect the patient's integrated thyroid hormone level over the preceding few months. In this study, we evaluated the clinical usefulness of determining the RBC CAI and Zn ...
Mengistu M - - 1991
Over a 4 year period, February 1986 to January 1990, 18 patients with acquired primary endocrine failure were seen in the weekly endocrine clinic of Tikur Anbessa teaching and referral hospital in Addis Abeba. Eight patients had hypothyroidism and 4 Addison's disease; 3 of the 5 hypothyroid and 2 of ...
Molchan S E - - 1991
A blunted thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) response to exogenous thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) has been reported to occur consistently in patients with major depression and less consistently in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study we compared the TSH response to TRH in a large group (n = 40) of AD ...
Leövey A - - 1991
The frequency of hypothyroidism does not diminish with age but there is a considerable change in its clinical pattern. The data of 169 patients treated with primary hypothyroidism were processed by means of computer analysis. They were put, in accordance with their basic diseases, into 5 groups: idiopathic (50.3%); chronic ...
Notsu K - - 1991
The responses of both plasma TSH and free T3 (FT3) to TRH were examined in 31 patients with Graves' disease who were euthyroid after treatment with antithyroid drugs, 6 patients with primary hypothyroidism, and 14 control subjects. TSH was measured 0, 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 min and FT3 ...
Tamai H - - 1991
The etiology of subacute (de Quervain's) thyroiditis (SAT) is uncertain, although it probably represents a nonspecific inflammatory response by the thyroid to a variety of viruses. It has been suggested that nonimmune processes are involved in SAT patients who have negative autoantibody titers. The disease has a variable course; although ...
Jackson R S - - 1991
The records of 107 patients who had had thyroid 99m Tc pertechnetate uptake measured, were reviewed. In patients with normal serum thyroxine (T4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), 35 of 36 with normal uptake and three with high uptake were clinically euthyroid. In patients with high serum T4 and low ...
O'Hare J - - 1991
The aim of this study was determine (a) the causes of hyperthyroxinaemia and (b) the biochemical profile of thyrotoxicosis in a general hospital laboratory for one year using a sensitive TSH assay. Total T4 (TT4) and TSH were measured in all 8,382 samples and TT3, free T4, free T3 and ...
Szilagyi A - - 1991
Ten patients with untreated Graves' disease underwent tests to determine lactose absorption, liquid gastric emptying, and oral cecal transit time. To determine the influence of thyroid hormone status on lactose absorption, eight of these same patients had repeat studies when rendered euthyroid. Two of these eight patients also underwent studies ...
Hermus A - - 1991
The case histories of three patients with hyperthyroidism due to overproduction of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) by the pituitary gland are described. In the first patient treatment with the T3-metabolite 3,5,3'-triiodothyroacetic acid (TRIAC) led to complete clinical and biochemical normalization. In the second patient treatment with the dopaminergic agonist bromocriptine led ...
Gomez J M - - 1991
The possible pathogenetic role of thyroid stimulating antibodies (TSAb) was studied in 24 patients. The TSAb were measured by their ability to stimulate concentration of cAMP in human thyroid slices incubated in vitro with the immunoglobulins of these patients. The patients were divided in two groups: Group I, 16 patients ...
Mehta H J - - 1991
The levels of serum total thyroxine (TT4), triiodothyronine (TT3), free T3, (FT3) free T4 (FT4) and thyrotropin (TSH) were measured in 127 clinically euthyroid patients with varying grades of chronic renal failure (CRF); and 97 healthy individuals. They were grouped as: Group I containing 93 patients on conservative management; Group ...
White A - - 1991
Reinke's oedema (RO) of the vocal folds is a condition of unknown aetiology. Cigarette smoking and vocal abuse may contribute to its development. Hypothyroidism has been described as an aetiological factor but, to date, no controlled study has been published confirming this association. This prospective, controlled study compared thyroid function ...
Ilicki A - - 1991
Sixty of 68 consecutive patients detected during the first two years of the Swedish screening programme for congenital hypothyroidism were Griffiths tested at the age 6.5-7.5 years. The test quotients of the patients could not be distinguished from those of a reference population. Replacement therapy with 8.7 +/- 2.8 micrograms ...
Nagai K - - 1991
Eighty-five patients with Graves' disease in clinical remission after treatment for over 1 year by methimazole therapy (36 patients, group A) or subtotal thyroidectomy (49 patients, group B) who became undetectable for serum thyrotropin levels (TSH less than 0.05 mU/l), were further followed for 1 year or more. Eight patients ...
DeMet E M - - 1990
Seasonal variations in cyanoimipramine (CNIMI) sensitive and CNIMI resistant subclasses of platelet 3H-imipramine (3H-IMI) binding sites were studied in depressed patients and normal volunteers. Sinusoidal rhythms of the binding of both subclasses were found in patients and controls with peak levels in mid-February. Patient values of CNIMI sensitive binding fluctuated ...
Gaist P A - - 1990
Many of the symptoms of seasonal affective disorder (SAD) could be construed as having an energy-conserving function. We predicted that SAD patients would have abnormally low resting metabolic rates (RMR), which would be increased to normal levels by light therapy. To test this hypothesis we measured RMR in 10 patients ...
Wieshammer S - - 1990
The effect of hypothyroidism on non-specific bronchial reactivity was studied in 11 patients without pulmonary disease (mean age 40 (SD 13) years) who had had a total thyroidectomy and radioiodine treatment for thyroid cancer 41 (36) months before the study. All patients when mildly hyperthyroid while having long term thyroxine ...
Furlanetto R P - - 1990
Twelve untreated hypothyroid patients were submitted to EDTA infusion and the parathyroid hormone response to the induced hypocalcemia was studied with an amino-terminal specific assay. Eight of these patients were retested 6 months after achieving clinical and laboratory euthyroidism. The PTH response in the pretreatment condition was significantly higher than ...
Tamai H - - 1990
It has been shown that hypothyroidism of some patients may be associated with increased activity of thyroid stimulating-blocking antibodies (TSBAb). The present study was undertaken to follow the course of thyroid blocking, stimulating immunoglobulins and TSH-binding inhibitor immunoglobulins (TBII) in six hypothyroid patients who had elevated TSBAb and were treated ...
Takasu N - - 1990
Hypothyroid patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis usually receive lifelong thyroxine therapy. Some are known to recover thyroid function, but identification of these patients during continued thyroxine therapy has been impossible. 92 patients with hypothyroidism after Hashimoto's thyroiditis and 70 normal controls were studied. All controls but not patient before thyroxine was ...
Beckett G J - - 1990
Plasma or serum free thyroxine (T4) was measured by a novel non-isotopic, two-step immunoassay in 373 consecutive patients attending a thyroid clinic, in whom thyroid status was categorized according to clinical findings, supported by routine thyroid function tests. The 95% confidence limit of free T4 in the euthyroid patients (n ...
Morita T - - 1990
Silent (painless) thyroiditis has been recognized as a clinical entity for over a decade and is characterized by spontaneously resolving thyrotoxicosis. Its etiology is uncertain; however, a few reports have indicated the occurrence of TSH binding-inhibiting immunoglobulins (TBII) and thyroid-stimulating antibodies (TSAb) in some of the patients. The present study ...
Sato K - - 1990
The significance of thyrotropin-binding inhibitor immunoglobulin (TBII) was evaluated in goitrous hypothyroidism associated with chronic thyroiditis (serum TSH greater than 10 mU/L, n = 148). TBII was measured by a RRA, and thyroid-stimulating antibody (TSab) and thyroid-stimulation-blocking antibody (TSBab) were determined using porcine thyroid cells. The prevalence of patients having ...
Chan A W - - 1990
We report a case of hyperthyroidism due to inappropriate thyrotrophin (TSH) secretion in a patient with selective pituitary resistance to thyroid hormone action. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism in patients with this disorder are usually mild, implying some peripheral tissue resistance to the metabolic effects of thyroid hormone. Our patient had unusually ...
Nair N - - 1990
Thirty five patients with Hodgkin's disease who had received mantle radiotherapy to the neck were investigated for thyroid dysfunction serially over many years post radiation. No incidence of clinical hypothyroidism was noted; however, biochemical hypothyroidism (raised TSH, normal T3 and T4) was seen at some time during follow up in ...
Rosenfield D B - - 1990
We discuss the etiology of 100 spasmodic dysphonia patients. Seventy-one patients had underlying essential tremor, 25 had Meige's syndrome, 12 were hypothyroid, and 27 had either a functional disturbance or focal dystonia. Six patients had intermittent breathy dysphonia. A large corpus of spasmodic dysphonia patients have organic neurolaryngeal disease.
Vadivelu N - - 1990
Thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibody (TRA) was estimated as a measure of TSH binding inhibitory immunoglobulin (TBII) in 48 persons. These included (i) 14 controls; (ii) 23 patients with Graves' disease who were tested for TRA within 3 months of commencing treatment with carbimazole of which 13 were studied serially; ...
Beck-Peccoz P - - 1990
The differential diagnosis of the various forms of inappropriate secretion of TSH (IST), i.e. generalized thyroid hormone resistance (GRTH), selective pituitary resistance [non-neoplastic IST (nnIST)], and tumoral pituitary TSH hypersecretion [neoplastic IST (nIST)], mainly rests on clinical observation, skull imaging, and measurement of several parameters assessing peripheral thyroid hormone effects. ...
Percy M E - - 1990
Serum tests of thyroid function were compared in Down syndrome (DS) patients with and without manifestations of Alzheimer disease (AD). Relative to control individuals, DS patients had, overall, lower mean total T4 (P = 0.070) and T3f (P = 0.015), higher T3U (P = 0.013) and TSH (P = 0.020), ...
Marcocci C - - 1990
The outcome of radioiodine therapy of Graves' hyperthyroidism was retrospectively evaluated in 274 consecutive patients treated from 1975 to 1984. At 1-yr follow-up, permanent hypothyroidism occurred in 36.9% of patients and the cumulative incidence of hypothyroidism progressively increased up to 79.3% after 7-10 yr. At the end of the follow-up ...
Toh S H - - 1990
Several studies have reported that short-term thyroid replacement to the euthyroid state in hypothyroid patients produces loss of both cortical and trabecular bone. However, long-term follow-up studies on this subject have not been reported. We conducted a 3 year follow-up study on 35 white male patients, including 24 patients (group ...
Katsanis E - - 1990
Thyroid function was evaluated in children surviving disease-free for 2 years or more following bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for severe aplastic anemia (27 patients), acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia (28 patients), and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (25 patients). Pre-BMT conditioning consisted of high dose chemotherapy and total lymphoid irradiation with 750 cGy for ...
Bauer M S - - 1990
Thirty patients with rapid cycling bipolar affective disorder were studied prospectively to assess presence and severity of thyroid hypofunction. Seven (23%) were classified as having grade I hypothyroidism, while 8 (27%) had grade II and 3 (10%) had grade III abnormalities. This prevalence of grade I hypothyroidism is significantly greater ...
Dinani S - - 1990
The thyroid status of 106 adults with Down's syndrome was assessed. Six were previously diagnosed as hypothyroid and were already receiving thyroxine. A further 37 patients showed abnormal thyroid function. Biochemical evidence of hypothyroidism (T4 less than 50 nmol/l and T.S.H. greater than 4 mu/less than) was found in one ...
Fagerberg B - - 1990
Hyperthyroidism has been considered to be underdiagnosed as a pathogenetic factor for atrial fibrillation, according to results of thyroliberin stimulation tests. We assessed, clinically and biochemically, thyroid function in 110 ambulatory patients with atrial fibrillation [mean age 64 (SD 11) years] from a group of consecutive cases referred to a ...
Fukazawa H - - 1990
In order to investigate endocrine disturbances in patients with myotonic dystrophy (MD), 12 patients and 20 normal controls were studied. All patients were clinically euthyroid and there were no significant differences between circulating levels (mean +/- SD) of T4 (114.7 +/- 26.8 vs 129.9 +/- 28.3 nmol/l), FT4 (16.6 +/- ...
Dunne F P - - 1990
Hypersecretion of TSH by a pituitary adenoma is thought to be a rare form of hyperthyroidism. We describe three such patients, each of whom presented with clinical hyperthyroidism and a diffuse goitre, without eye signs or dermatopathy. Two were receiving long-term phenothiazine, one of these was also acromegalic. Plasma thyroxine, ...
Rice L W - - 1990
The current study investigates the clinical characteristics of patients with partial molar pregnancy who developed persistent gestational trophoblastic tumor (GTT). Between January 1979 and January 1989, 16 of 240 (6.6%) patients, who were followed for partial mole, developed persistent GTT. Fifteen (94%) patients were diagnosed as having a missed abortion ...
Elte J W - - 1990
In this communication data on the natural history of euthyroid multinodular goitres are presented. From a total group of 140 patients (mean age 54.6 years, 14 men and 126 women; 88 with autonomous, 52 with non-autonomous function), follow-up data were available for 90 patients (mean age 54.0 years, 11 men ...
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