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Results 351 - 400 of 1542
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Liu Li - - 2011
BACKGROUND:  Bioimpedance methods have been used for decades to estimate whole body extracellular (wECV), intracellular (wICV) and total body water (TBW) volumes. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the ability of widely used bioimpedance techniques to assess dry weight (DW) and to predict a state of normal hydration ...
Yeo Sang Seok - - 2011
Objectives: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in adult stroke patients is known to be an independent risk factor for poor functional outcome. Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), we attempted to investigate the effect of IVH on the white matter. Methods: We recruited 10 consecutive patients with IVH and 18 age- and sex-matched ...
Vestbo Jørgen J Respiratory Section, Hvidovre Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark. - - 2011
A key feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an accelerated rate of decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV(1)), but data on the variability and determinants of this change in patients who have established disease are scarce. We analyzed the changes in FEV(1) after administration of ...
Ahn Suk-Won - - 2011
SUMMARY: This study was performed to investigate the asymmetry of motor unit number estimate (MUNE) and its longitudinal course in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A modified statistical MUNE was performed at the hypothenar muscles bilaterally in a total of 135 patients, and 18 of these patients underwent a follow-up ...
Bernet Celine - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Tissue oxygen saturation (StO(2)) assessed using Near Infrared Spectroscopy and its derived parameters during a vascular occlusion test (VOT) can detect microvascular changes in septic shock patients. General anesthesia (GA) impacts microcirculation. Our aim was to study the effects of general anesthesia on StO(2) and StO(2) derived parameters obtained ...
Ferrarin M M Fondazione Don C. Gnocchi, Italy. - - 2012
Gait pattern classification may assist in clinical decision making and cluster analysis (CA) has been often adopted to this aim. The goal of this study was to identify, through CA, typical walking patterns in a group of 21 young subjects with CMT1A, a hereditary progressive neuropathy, and to study possible ...
Jinabhai Amit - - 2011
Citation information: Jinabhai A, Radhakrishnan H & O'Donnell C. Repeatability of ocular aberration measurements in patients with keratoconus. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2011. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2011.00868.x ABSTRACT: Purpose:  To explore the repeatability of lower-order and higher-order ocular aberrations measured in patients with keratoconus. Methods:  The IRX-3 (Imagine Eyes, Paris, France) aberrometer was ...
Karacan Mehmet - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Acute rheumatic fever is a systemic inflammatory disease occurring after acute streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis. The PR prolongation in these patients is thought to be due to increased vagal activity. There has been no previous study investigating the autonomic balance in patients with acute rheumatic fever. In this study, we aimed ...
Erim Tolga T Department of Gastroenterology, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, FL 33331, United States. - - 2011
To investigate the rates of polyp detection in a mixed risk population using standard definition (SDC) vs high definition colonoscopes (HDC). This was a retrospective cohort comparative study of 3 colonoscopists who each consecutively performed 150 SDC (307, 200 pixel) and 150 HDC (792, 576 pixels) in a community teaching ...
Batwa Waeil - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the influence of the occlusal plane angle on smile attractiveness as perceived by a group of adult orthodontic patients and dentists. Materials and Methods: The first stage utilized a laboratory approach to record changes in vertical tooth position at different occlusal plane angles using a maxillary ...
Shanmugam Nesan - - 2012
Uncertainty exists over the importance of device-detected short-duration atrial arrhythmias. Continuous atrial diagnostics, through home monitoring (HM) technology (BIOTRONIK, Berlin, Germany), provides a unique opportunity to assess frequency and quantity of atrial fibrillation (AF) episodes defined as atrial high-rate events (AHRE). Prospective data from 560 heart failure (HF) patients (age ...
Sairaku Akinori - - 2011
AimsSinus node dysfunction (SND) occasionally coexists with atrial flutter (AFL). However, the identification of SND during AFL is difficult. We investigated whether we could predict underlying SND in patients with persistent AFL using the flutter cycle length (FCL).Methods and resultsWe retrospectively studied 211 successfully ablated patients with persistent cavotricuspid isthmus ...
Mohseni Mohammad Javad - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate different varicocele hemodynamic patterns (shunt type vs. stop type) as predictors of new-onset testicular hypotrophy or recurrence after varicocelectomy. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Department of pediatric urology, children's hospital medical center. PATIENT(S): Seventy-four children and adolescents with varicocele. INTERVENTION(S): Based on ultrasound findings, patients were classified ...
Akar S A - - 2011
Background: Schizophrenic patients are known to have difficulty processing emotions and to exhibit impairment in stimuli discrimination. However, there is limited knowledge regarding their physiological responsivity to auditory stimuli. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the respiratory effects of two types of auditory stimuli with emotional content, ...
Birkhofer A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is associated with increased cardiac mortality. A disturbed autonomic modulation of heart rate (HR) has been described in patients with schizophrenia in whom antipsychotic medication may represent an additional cardiac risk. The novel measure deceleration capacity (DC) of heart rate predicts cardiac mortality in patients with cardiovascular illnesses. ...
Krantz Mori J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) carries the highest mortality of any psychiatric disorder largely attributable to sudden cardiac death and suicide. Controversy exists regarding the underlying mechanism of cardiac risk, whether QT prolongation is a consistent feature of the disorder and whether repolarization varies by disease severity. Some of the uncertainty ...
Khoury Joe E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Barrett's Esophagus (BE) is a pre-malignant condition. Limited data on BE dysplasia prevalence exists among United States ethnic groups. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine if the frequency of BE with dysplasia varies among the major ethnic groups presenting to our institution. METHODS: The University of ...
Chen Yong Peng - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Transient elastography is a well-established method for detecting cirrhosis. AIM: To improve the performance of transient elastography in detecting hepatitis B cirrhosis by alanine aminotransferase (ALT)-stratified cutoffs, bilirubin normalization and transient elastography-based algorithms. METHODS: A total of 315 compensated patients were analysed following liver biopsies, transient elastography, ultrasonography and ...
Solomon Daniel G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The use of contrast radiography as a screening test for anastomotic integrity after esophagectomy is unclear. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing either transhiatal esophagectomy (THE) or pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy (PLE) with the cervical anastomosis performed by the same single surgeon were registered into a database. Anastomotic leak rate, modality of detection, and ...
Nøjgaard Camilla - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Knowledge of the natural course of acute pancreatitis (AP) and risk of progression to chronic pancreatitis (CP) is limited. The aims were to describe: (1) the incidence of progression from AP to CP, (2) prognostic factors for progression, and (3) the natural course and mortality of progressive AP. METHODS:: ...
Guan Jun - - 2011
Procalcitonin (PCT) concentration greater than 10ng/mL is compatible for septic shock. Its predictive value for survival is not well established, mainly due to much overlap and variation of PCT in this condition. We hypothesized that dynamic change of PCT, rather than PCT itself, is predictive of hospital survival when greater ...
Fagan Ryan P - - 2011
Investigational heptavalent botulinum antitoxin (HBAT) is now the primary antitoxin for US noninfant botulism patients. HBAT consists of equine Fab/F(ab')2 IgG fragments, which are cleared from circulation faster than whole immunoglobulins. Rebound botulism after antitoxin administration is not previously documented but occurred in our patient 10 days after HBAT administration.
McNair Helen A HA Department of Radiotherapy, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust and Institute of Cancer Research, Sutton, UK. - - 2011
This pilot study investigates whether an individualized fluid and fibre prescription combined with a constant treatment can improve rectal filling consistency during radiotherapy. Fibre, fluid intake and bowel function were assessed in 22 patients at a standard planning scan (SCT) and individualized dietary advice was prescribed to regularize bowel habit. ...
Rao Mohan - - 2011
Patients with congenital structural heart disease (CSHD) and inherited arrhythmias (IAs) are at high risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. The present study was designed to evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes of patients with CSHD and IA who received a wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) for the prevention of ...
Christopoulos Dimitrios - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to report the preliminary experience of a modified transcervical carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) technique with filter protection and flow reversal only during filter placement in patients unsuitable for transfemoral CAS and at high risk for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Twenty-five of 132 patients, aged ...
Giovanella L - - 2011
The aim of the present study is 1) to compare our established manual thyroglobulin (Tg) and Tg autoantibody (TgAb) immunoassays to the automated KRYPTOR® platform from the same manufacturer, in a large group of DTC patients and 2) to evaluate whether a change in assay methods could be made without ...
Stergiopoulos Kathleen - - 2011
Background: Echocardiographic quantification of global and regional right ventricular (RV) function is critical in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE), but remains a challenge particularly in acute RV dilatation. Methods: Apical two-dimensional images of patients with acute PE were analyzed using both conventional and speckle tracking imaging compared with controls; ...
Teng Christopher C - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine if visual field (VF) progression occurs most rapidly in the region of largest β-zone parapapillary atrophy (PPA). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-five patients from the New York Glaucoma Progression Study with both β-zone PPA and VF progression. METHODS: Treated open-angle glaucoma patients with 8 or ...
Konrad Andreas - - 2011
Inattention is the most important behavioral feature of adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Neuroimaging studies in ADHD have demonstrated abnormalities primarily in the frontostriatal circuitry and were mostly conducted in children. We investigated white matter (WM) integrity in adult ADHD patients and the correlation of WM microstructure and neuropsychological ...
Ohya Yuki - - 2011
To observe which symptoms of transthyretinrelated familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) progressed in the long term after liver transplantation (LT), focusing on cardiac, kidney, and ocular symptoms. We reviewed the medical records of 34 Japanese patients with FAP, who underwent LT between 1994 and 2006. The mean follow-up period (±SD) after ...
Huart C - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In congenital anosmia, the OB and OT can be aplastic or hypoplastic. In clinical routine, these are sometimes difficult to assess. We thus wanted to investigate morphologic differences of the OS in patients with IA since birth or early childhood in comparison with controls, to investigate whether ...
Espandar Ramin - - 2011
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressive infection and is a necrosis of the fascia and surrounding tissues. Despite recent advances in its management, outcomes have not improved and mortality rate is still high. Between September 2007 and August 2009, we prospectively studied twenty-four histopathologically proven necrotizing fasciitis patients to assess ...
Fisi Viktória - - 2011
Background: We studied the connection between complication occurrence related to renal biopsies and histological diagnoses of the biopsy specimen. We also analyzed the distribution of diagnoses in our population. Methods: We retrospectively studied 353 patients undergoing renal biopsy at the same center. Biopsies were performed after marking the site of ...
Hwang Jyh-Chang - - 2011
Background: Both hypokalemia (hypoK) and hyperkalemia (hyperK) are life-threatening to hemodialysis (HD) patients. This study was conducted to compare their clinical characteristics and long-term survival. Methods: Patients were divided into three groups according to the last mid-week predialysis serum potassium concentrations: hypoK (<3.5 mEq/l), normoK (between 3.5 and 5.5 mEq/l), ...
Du Xin - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the applicability of the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in Chinese patients of different stages of CKD. Methods: The CKD-EPI equation estimated GFR (eGFR) was compared with body surface area standardized GFR (sGFR), which was measured by diethylenetriaminepentaacetic ...
Rossi Ermanno - - 2011
BackgroundAdrenal venous sampling (AVS) is the gold standard for the identification of unilateral primary aldosteronism (PA), but is technically difficult. The aim of our study was to assess whether intraprocedural cortisol measurement (IPCM) increases AVS success rate.MethodsTwenty-five consecutive PA patients underwent cosyntropin-stimulated AVS. Cortisol was measured immediately in a first ...
Hashizume Keiji - - 2011
ABSTRACT:: Study Design. A retrospective observational study.Objective. To compare the usefulness of radioisotope cisternography (RIC) and computerized tomography myelography (CTM) for the detection of cerebrospinal fluid leakage in spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH).Summary of Background Data. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage sites have been generally identified by RIC in patients with SIH. Although ...
Griveas Ioannis - - 2011
Osmolality is an expression of the number of particles in a given weight of solvent (mOsm). Measured osmolality is determined by the osmometer, and calculated osmolality is estimated by 2xNa + UN/2.8 + glucose/18. The difference between measured and calculated osmolality is the osmolal gap. The purpose of the present study is to determine ...
Satou Yukie - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Patients who are unable to eat or drink after stroke may receive percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or nasogastric tube feeding. Although the most common serious complication is well known to be aspiration pneumonia, the role of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) has not been fully assessed. The aim of this study ...
Poynard Thierry - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Two widely used biomarkers of fibrosis, FibroTest(®) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM), have been mostly validated in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) using the standard area under the ROC curve (sAUROC) which is not the most appropriate method due to the risk of fibrosis spectrum effect. Furthermore the ...
Xu Longgen - - 2011
In this study, we sought to evaluate the effect of uremia on semen quality and reproductive function in humans. For this purpose, 53 end-stage uremic patients were randomly selected. The semen samples were produced by masturbation. Fertility index (FI) was calculated according to the following formula: sperm density (×10(6)/ml) × sperm motility ...
Kurt Ibrahim Halil - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: In this study, it was aimed to investigate the effect of streptokinase therapy in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and conventional therapy in non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients on the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) risk index (TRI), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels. ...
Kutz Joe Walter JW - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The incidence of small vestibular schwannomas in patients with serviceable hearing is increasing due to the widespread use of MRI. The middle fossa approach provides the patient with an opportunity for tumor removal with hearing preservation. OBJECTIVE:: To determine the rate of hearing preservation and facial nerve outcomes after ...
Sultan Arian - - 2011
Intravenous Electrolytes Increase Success Rate of Cardioversion. Background: External biphasic electrical cardioversion (CV) is a standard treatment option for patients suffering from acute symptoms of atrial fibrillation (AF). Nevertheless, CV is not always successful, and thus strategies to increase the success rate are desirable. Objective: The purpose of this study ...
Al Durahim H - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the presentation and factors affecting outcome over a 9-year period in 99 consecutive Saudi patients with biopsy proven lupus nephritis (LN), 35.5% of whom had nephrotic range proteinuria, 46.8% had estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) and 65.5% had histological ...
Murans Girts - - 2011
Wheelchair dependent children with neuropathic and neuromuscular diseases have up to 90% risk for progressive spine deformities. An unbalanced sitting can induce progression of spinal and pelvic deformities. Many current clinical assessment methods of sitting of such patients are semi-quantitative, or questionnaire-based. A 3D movement analysis offers quantitative and objective ...
Boparai K S - - 2011
Hyperplastic polyposis syndrome (HPS) is associated with colorectal cancer and is characterized by multiple hyperplastic polyps, sessile serrated adenomas (SSAs) and adenomas. Narrow band imaging (NBI) may improve the detection of polyps in HPS. We aimed to compare polyp miss rates with NBI with those of high resolution endoscopy (HRE). ...
Rowell Susan E - - 2011
The Injury Severity Score (ISS) is widely used as a method for rating severity of injury. The ISS is the sum of the squares of the three worst Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) values from three body regions. Patients with penetrating injuries tend to have higher mortality rates for a given ...
Retzlaff Beatrice - - 2011
Abstract Heart rate and blood pressure variability as well as baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) lead to additional insights on the patients' prognosis after cardiovascular events. The following study was performed to assess the differences in the postoperative recovery of the autonomic regulation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and surgical aortic ...
Song Young Chan - - 2011
Although acne is a common follicular inflammatory dermatosis, studies of the relationship between Malassezia yeasts and acne have rarely been conducted. We sought to identify Malassezia yeasts from acne patients and establish a relationship between specific types of species of Malassezia and acne. Sixty acne patients were enrolled. Each strain ...
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