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Results 301 - 350 of 1532
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Moran Pascual Eduardo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of prostate ultrasound in the diagnosis of infravesical obstruction (IVO) and detrusor hyperactivity(DH). METHODS: Prospective study with 39 patients consulting for LUTS. Clinical history was compiled, IPSS was determined, a digital rectal exam was performed, abdominal ultrasound was used to calculate detrusor thickness/weight, prostate volume, ...
Weiss Aner - - 2011
. To develop an automated and objective method to assess mobility in Parkinson disease (PD) patients in daily-life settings and to investigate whether accelerometer-derived measures discriminate between PD and healthy controls as they walk and simulate activities of daily living (ADL). . Healthy older adults (17) and patients with PD ...
van Kralingen Simone - - 2011
Background and Objectives: In view of the increasing prevalence of morbidly obese patients, the influence of excessive total bodyweight (TBW) on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of propofol was characterized in this study using bispectral index (BIS) values as a pharmacodynamic endpoint. Methods: A population pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic model was developed ...
Kumaresan Ramanathan - - 2011
There is no literature available on the performance of cystatin C in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients of Indian population based on age group. Hence, this study is aimed to compare the diagnostic performance of serum cystatin C and creatinine with measured glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and estimated GFR (eGFR) ...
Komarova Natalia L - - 2011
There have been several reports on the varying rates of progression among Alzheimer's Disease (AD) patients; however, there has been no quantitative study of the amount of heterogeneity in AD. Obtaining a reliable quantitative measure of AD progression rates and their variances among the patients for each stage of AD ...
Scott Adrienne S - - 2011
BACKGROUND⁄ Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may experience sleep disordered breathing with nocturnal desaturation. An exploratory study was performed to determine whether any commonly measured clinical parameters were useful in predicting nocturnal desaturation in patients with COPD. A validation study was subsequently performed to confirm the utility of ...
Inoue Koichi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -We investigated the possibility that a frequent trigger action might play a role in the development of persistent AF (PeAF) as well as the presence of a substrate. Method and Result-In 263 consecutive patients who underwent catheter ablation (CA) for PeAF, electrical cardioversion was performed at the beginning of ...
Yamaguchi Haruyasu - - 2011
Background:  In out-patient clinics, having simple procedures to check for signs of dementia is invaluable. In the present study, we evaluated the imitation of hand gestures to detect visuomotor deficits in dementia in clinical practice. Methods:  In all, 1219 subjects were enrolled in the present study, including 497 with Alzheimer's ...
Di Geso Luca - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of elastosonography to improve the reliability of the ultrasound in the measurement of the dermal thickness at finger level in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Twenty-two patients with a diagnosis of SSc were consecutively recruited. In all patients at the second finger level of the dominant ...
Chon Sung Bin - - 2011
Cardiothoracic ratio (CTR), the ratio of cardiac diameter (CD) to thoracic diameter (TD), is a useful screening method to detect cardiomegaly, but is reliable only on posteroanterior chest radiography (chest PA). We performed this cross-sectional 3-phase study to establish reliable CTR from anteroposterior chest radiography (chest AP). First, CD(Chest PA)/CD(Chest ...
Savarino Edoardo - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Symptom association is important to distinguish non-erosive reflux disease [NERD; abnormal oesophageal acid exposure time (AET) and/or positive symptom association] from functional heartburn (FH; normal AET and negative symptom association). Asymptomatic patients during reflux monitoring are challenging as symptom association cannot be assessed. AIM: To evaluate whether impedance-pH reflux ...
Rademacher Wilma - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Heart rate turbulence, deceleration capacity (DC), and symbolic dynamics (SD) are promising novel domains of autonomic indices representing the multidimensional qualities of autonomic heart rate dynamics. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the impact of these novel indices in predicting early AF recurrence within the first ...
Sengul Cihan C Camlıca Alman Hospital, Division of Cardiology, Istanbul 34660, Turkey. - - 2012
Atrial electromechanical delay (EMD) parameters predict the development of atrial fibrillation. We investigated the effect of telmisartan treatment on atrial EMD parameters in patients with newly diagnosed essential hypertension. Thirty-six patients with essential hypertension were treated with telmisartan (80 mg/day) for 6 months. Baseline electrocardiographic P-wave measurements and echocardiographic atrial ...
Alhadad Alaa - - 2011
Abstract Objective. Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a rare condition that may follow administration of gadolinium-based contrast media (Gd-CM) in patients with renal insufficiency. This study was initiated to determine the incidence of NSF at Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, in Sweden. Material and methods. During the period January 2001 to ...
Yorgun H - - 2011
Background: Cardiovascular involvement is one of the leading causes of death among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In this study, we aimed to investigate cardiac autonomic functions in SLE patients. Methods: We enrolled 36 patients (25 female; mean age 34.2 ± 10.2 years) with SLE and 32 healthy subjects ...
Kim Ji-Won - - 2011
Aim:  Bradykinesia of the lower limb is an important limiting factor of the quality of life in parkinsonian patients. This study aims to develop quantitative measures of bradykinesia and to investigate the possible dissociation of amplitude and velocity measures and their dependence on movement direction during toe-tapping. Methods:  Subjects included ...
Bucuras Viorel - - 2011
Abstract Background and Purpose: The study compared characteristics and outcomes in patients with solitary and bilateral kidneys who were treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) PCNL Global Study. Patients and Methods: Data from consecutively treated patients from 96 centers worldwide were ...
Bentes Carla - - 2011
Purpose:  To evaluate morning dream recall frequency and content in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Methods:  Fifty-two patients with pharmacoresistant TLE submitted to a written dream diary during five consecutive days and continuous video-electroencephalographic (video-EEG) monitoring. A matched control group of 41 healthy subjects completed the same diary at ...
Abdelali Halimi - - 2011
The aim of our study was to investigate vertical dentoalveolar compensation in untreated patients, in search of an association between vertical facial pattern and alveolar heights. This study involved the participation of 127 untreated Moroccan adults from the patient population of the ODF (Dentofacial Orthopedics) Department at the Center for ...
Folino Antonio Franco - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3% to 10% of patients with syncope experience episodes while driving. The aim of our study was to identify their clinical and pathophysiological features, estimate the incidence of recurrence, and correlate these characteristics with recurrence. METHOD: We prospectively studied 40 patients who experienced syncope while driving and 50 ...
Frazzoni M - - 2011
Background  By analysis of symptom-reflux association, endoscopy-negative refractory heartburn can be related to acid/non-acid refluxes with impedance-pH monitoring. Unfortunately, patients frequently do not report symptoms during the test. We aimed to assess the contribution of quantitative analysis of impedance-pH parameters added to symptom-reflux association in evaluating patients with endoscopy-negative heartburn ...
Isaias Ioannis U - - 2011
We investigated whether dopamine influences the rate of adaptation to a visuomotor distortion and the transfer of this learning from the right to the left limb in human subjects. We thus studied patients with Parkinson disease as a putative in vivo model of dopaminergic denervation. Despite normal adaptation rates, patients ...
Kosztyła-Hojna B - - 2011
Purpose: The aim of the study was to provide a morphological assessment of the laryngeal mucosa in patients with hyperfunctional dysphonia diagnosed by psychoacoustic and videostroboscopic methods.Material and methods: Forty patients with voice quality disorders of hyperfunctional dysphonia were recruited for participation in the study. The diagnosis of dysphonia was ...
Brunner-Ziegler Sophie - - 2011
Objectives: Worldwide, incidence rates of chronic renal insufficiency have clearly increased over the past decade, especially in people of older age. Hyperphosphatemia is the strongest independent risk factor for mortality in renal patients. In order to reduce serum phosphate concentrations to recommended values, phosphate binders (P binders) are used to ...
Zuern Christine S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Optimal timing of elective aortic valve replacement (AVR) for severe aortic stenosis (AS) is challenging. Hence, a sensitive marker in AS patients indicating increasing risk after AVR would be of great clinical value. In the present study, we hypothesized that mild-to-moderate pulmonary hypertension (PH) assessed prior to AVR is ...
Okamoto Isaku - - 2011
In a previous study of patients with unilateral vocal-fold paralysis (UVFP), three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) revealed passive movement during phonation, with the arytenoid cartilage on the paralyzed side pushed to the unaffected side and deviated upwards. The present work compares the 3DCT findings with those obtained by 2-dimensional endoscopy to ...
Rizzo L - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:Transient elastography (TE) is adequate for a diagnosis of cirrhosis, but its accuracy for milder stages of fibrosis is much less satisfactory. The objective of this study was to compare the performance and the discordance rate of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) and TE with liver biopsy in a cohort ...
Liu Ying-Ying - - 2011
Background: Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease is shown by strain and strain rate imaging. However, left atrium (LA) function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been assessed by this method. Methods and Results: In 34 CAD patients, including 17 patients with enlarged ...
Di Pace Maria Rita - - 2011
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is frequently observed in children treated for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) at birth, as well as esophageal dysmotility, that has been hypothesized to be caused by innervatory anomalies. The aim of this study is to evaluate GER and dysmotility in young patients with CDH using pH-multichannel intraluminal ...
Aissaoui Nadia - - 2011
PURPOSE: Detailed extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) weaning strategies and specific predictors of ECMO weaning success are lacking. This study evaluated a weaning strategy following support for refractory cardiogenic shock to identify clinical, hemodynamic, and Doppler echocardiography parameters associated with successful ECMO removal. METHODS: Hemodynamically stable patients underwent ECMO flow reduction ...
Mizushima Yasuaki - - 2011
: Tachycardia is an important early sign of shock in trauma. Although the base deficit (BD) and lactate are indicative of hypoperfusion and known to predict mortality, some cases show a discrepancy between heart rate (HR) and BD or lactate; such cases have poor prognosis. The objective of this study ...
Paul Matthias - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility and safety of target-directed sampling of right ventricular (RV) endomyocardial biopsies (EMB) in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). EMB is an integral part of the diagnostic evaluation of ARVC. Due to safety concerns, EMB are often obtained ...
Braunschweig Frieder - - 2011
Objective: To establish the diagnostic accuracy of the transesophageal ventriculo-atrial (VA) interval in patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) and normal baseline electrocardiogram (ECG). Methods: The transesophageal VA interval during tachycardia was recorded in 318 patients (age 45 ± 17 years, 58% female) with PSVT and a normal surface ECG ...
Jordan Sarah R - - 2011
: There is an association between increasing prevalence and increasing latitude for some autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Furthermore, in RA patients, a geographical variation in methotrexate pneumonitis has been suggested at a regional level in New Zealand. : The objective of the study was to determine if there ...
Frates Mary C - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine whether mobile echogenicities seen in the epididymis on scrotal sonography are associated with prior vasectomy. Methods- We prospectively obtained a sonographic video clip of each epididymal body in outpatients sent for scrotal sonography. The presence of punctate mobile echogenicities in the ...
Joo Eun Yeon - - 2011
To investigate differences in cortical thickness in narcolepsy patients with cataplexy and control subjects. Cortical thickness was measured using a 3-D surface-based method that enables more accurate measurement in deep sulci and localized regional mapping. University hospital. We enrolled 28 patients with narcolepsy and cataplexy and 33 age-and sex-matched control ...
Nakayama T - - 2011
Eosinophils and nasal polyps are believed to affect the surgical outcome of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). CRS is classified based on the presence of nasal polyps in western countries. The majority of patients with CRS with nasal polyps (CRS with NP) are characterized by predominantly eosinophilic inflammation. However, Asian patients with ...
Nicolaides A N AN Imperial College, London, - - 2011
Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is a syndrome characterized by stenoses or obstructions of the internal jugular and/or azygos veins with disturbed flow and formation of collateral venous channels. Ultrasound and venographic studies of the internal jugular and azygos venous systems in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have demonstrated a ...
Caglayan Fatma - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the location, nature, and occurrence of incidental maxillofacial findings on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans performed for maxillofacial diagnostic purposes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT images of 207 consecutive patients (129 females and 78 males) were examined. The sample consisted of ...
Sztrymf Benjamin - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen (HFNC) on patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) in comparison with conventional oxygen therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. Patients with persistent ARF despite oxygen with conventional facemask without indication ...
Liu Li - - 2011
BACKGROUND:  Bioimpedance methods have been used for decades to estimate whole body extracellular (wECV), intracellular (wICV) and total body water (TBW) volumes. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the ability of widely used bioimpedance techniques to assess dry weight (DW) and to predict a state of normal hydration ...
Yeo Sang Seok - - 2011
Objectives: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in adult stroke patients is known to be an independent risk factor for poor functional outcome. Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), we attempted to investigate the effect of IVH on the white matter. Methods: We recruited 10 consecutive patients with IVH and 18 age- and sex-matched ...
Vestbo Jørgen J Respiratory Section, Hvidovre Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark. - - 2011
A key feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an accelerated rate of decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV(1)), but data on the variability and determinants of this change in patients who have established disease are scarce. We analyzed the changes in FEV(1) after administration of ...
Ahn Suk-Won - - 2011
SUMMARY: This study was performed to investigate the asymmetry of motor unit number estimate (MUNE) and its longitudinal course in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A modified statistical MUNE was performed at the hypothenar muscles bilaterally in a total of 135 patients, and 18 of these patients underwent a follow-up ...
Bernet Celine - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Tissue oxygen saturation (StO(2)) assessed using Near Infrared Spectroscopy and its derived parameters during a vascular occlusion test (VOT) can detect microvascular changes in septic shock patients. General anesthesia (GA) impacts microcirculation. Our aim was to study the effects of general anesthesia on StO(2) and StO(2) derived parameters obtained ...
Ferrarin M M Fondazione Don C. Gnocchi, Italy. - - 2012
Gait pattern classification may assist in clinical decision making and cluster analysis (CA) has been often adopted to this aim. The goal of this study was to identify, through CA, typical walking patterns in a group of 21 young subjects with CMT1A, a hereditary progressive neuropathy, and to study possible ...
Jinabhai Amit - - 2011
Citation information: Jinabhai A, Radhakrishnan H & O'Donnell C. Repeatability of ocular aberration measurements in patients with keratoconus. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2011. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2011.00868.x ABSTRACT: Purpose:  To explore the repeatability of lower-order and higher-order ocular aberrations measured in patients with keratoconus. Methods:  The IRX-3 (Imagine Eyes, Paris, France) aberrometer was ...
Karacan Mehmet - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Acute rheumatic fever is a systemic inflammatory disease occurring after acute streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis. The PR prolongation in these patients is thought to be due to increased vagal activity. There has been no previous study investigating the autonomic balance in patients with acute rheumatic fever. In this study, we aimed ...
Erim Tolga - - 2011
To investigate the rates of polyp detection in a mixed risk population using standard definition (SDC) vs high definition colonoscopes (HDC). This was a retrospective cohort comparative study of 3 colonoscopists who each consecutively performed 150 SDC (307, 200 pixel) and 150 HDC (792, 576 pixels) in a community teaching ...
Batwa Waeil - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the influence of the occlusal plane angle on smile attractiveness as perceived by a group of adult orthodontic patients and dentists. Materials and Methods: The first stage utilized a laboratory approach to record changes in vertical tooth position at different occlusal plane angles using a maxillary ...
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