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Results 201 - 250 of 1542
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Bellucci Carlos H Suzuki - - 2012
PURPOSE: We investigated whether same session repeat urodynamic investigations are needed in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of 226 patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction who underwent same session repeat urodynamic investigation was prospectively investigated at a single university spinal cord ...
Kumak Ferhat - - 2012
Objective: In this study, left atrial appendage (LAA) flow velocities of dipper and nondipper hypertensive patients were compared with normal subjects. Methods: Twenty-three patients with nondipper hypertension (NDH), 25 patients with dipper hypertension (DH), and 25 control subjects with comparable age, gender, and body mass indices were enrolled in the ...
Ballester Marcos - - 2012
BACKGROUNDThere is currently no consensus about indications for surgery for infertility associated with colorectal endometriosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate cumulative pregnancy rates (CPRs) after ICSI-IVF cycles in patients with colorectal endometriosis and to identify determinant factors of fertility outcome.METHODSProspective longitudinal multicentre study from January 2005 to ...
Naini Farhad B - - 2012
The aim was a quantitative evaluation of how the severity of lower facial profile convexity influences perceived attractiveness. The lower facial profile of an idealized image was altered incrementally between 14° to -16°. Images were rated on a Likert scale by orthognathic patients, laypeople, and clinicians. Attractiveness ratings were greater ...
Naini Farhad B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim was a quantitative evaluation of how the severity of lower facial profile convexity influences perceived attractiveness. STUDY DESIGN: The lower facial profile of an idealized image was altered incrementally between 14° to -16°. Images were rated on a Likert scale by orthognathic patients, laypeople, and clinicians. RESULTS: ...
Wagdi Philipp - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Transseptal puncture (TSP) is the first step in pulmonary vein isolation and catheter ablation, as well as in left atrial appendage closure in atrial fibrillation. Although TSP has been reported to be successful in patients with device closure of interatrial septal communications, questions pertinent to its feasibility in patients ...
Hingorani Pooja - - 2012
We compared heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) and its within- and between-subject variability, in ECGs recorded several days apart for 207 patients with schizophrenia (age range 19-60 yr) with age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Patients had higher heart rates (mean±s.d.) than controls [75±15 beats per minute (bpm) vs. 63±10 bpm; ...
Boekestein Werner A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how the motor unit number index (MUNIX) is related to high-density motor unit number estimation (HD-MUNE) in healthy controls and patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: Both MUNIX and HD-MUNE were performed on the thenar muscles in 18 ALS patients and 24 healthy controls. Patients were ...
Lalani Gautam G GG University of California and Veterans' Affairs Medical Centers, San Diego, California, - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine whether onset sites of human atrial fibrillation (AF) exhibit conduction slowing, reduced amplitude, and/or prolonged duration of signals (i.e., fractionation) immediately before AF onset. Few studies have identified functional determinants of AF initiation. Because conduction slowing is required for reentry, we hypothesized ...
Weijenborg P W - - 2012
Background  Symptomatic response to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy in patients with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) is often reported as lower than in patients with erosive reflux disease (ERD). However, the definition of NERD differs across clinical trials. This meta-analysis aims to estimate the rate of symptom relief in response ...
Al-Qattan M M - - 2012
Since 1994, the author has been treating irreparable radial nerve palsy with pronator teres to the extensor carpi radialis brevis (for wrist extension) and a single tendon (flexor carpi radialis or ulnaris) transfer to restore finger extension as well as thumb extension/radial abduction. We sought to investigate whether these patients ...
Emamhadi Mohammadali - - 2012
AIM: The aims of this study are to determine the electrocardiographic (ECG) manifestations of the symptomatic patients with isolated tramadol toxicity and to predict seizures based on ECG parameters. METHODS: Medical charts of a total of 479 patients with isolated tramadol toxicity were retrospectively evaluated. Their clinical manifestations were recorded, ...
Inoue Tomoko - - 2012
Left ventricular (LV) function is impaired in most hemodialysis (HD) patients. We conducted an observational cohort study to investigate whether LV end-diastolic diameter (LVDd) could predict all-cause mortality in a cohort of 166 HD patients. The LVDd values (5.06 ± 0.64 cm) of the non-survivor group were significantly greater than in the survivor ...
Corvo Marco Antonio Dos Anjos - - 2012
Saliva is one of the components for the digestive homeostasis. Recent studies have shown that patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) present a drop in salivary pH. Patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) are a potential clinical research model for xerostomia and its laryngeal and pharyngeal consequences. The aim was to evaluate ...
Buranakitjaroen Peera - - 2012
The purposes of the present study are to determine the effect of one year usual care of nondiabetic hypertensive patients (non-DMHT patients) at the Hypertension clinic to find conversion rate of MAU to NAU and occurrence rate of NAU to MAU. In addition, to identify factors which affect the regression ...
Khan Nasim A - - 2012
To assess the determinants of patients' (PTGL) and physicians' (MDGL) global assessment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) activity and factors associated with discordance among them. A total of 7,028 patients in the Quantitative Standard Monitoring of Patients with RA study had PTGL and MDGL assessed at the same clinic visit on ...
An Xin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is widely used as a marker of inflammation and an indicator of cardiovascular outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. However, its prognostic value in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is still unknown. METHODS: We studied 138 newly started PD patients and 60 healthy controls ...
Adler Arnon - - 2012
Patients with long QT syndrome (LQTS) have inadequate shortening of the QT interval in response to the sudden heart rate accelerations provoked by standing-a phenomenon of diagnostic value. We now validate our original observations in a cohort twice as large. We also describe that this abnormal QT-interval response persists as ...
Etzel Jason P JP Division of Gastroenterology and Department of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, - - 2012
Melena can be caused by bleeding from lower GI sources. Colonoscopy is frequently used to investigate melena after a nondiagnostic EGD. To determine the diagnostic yield and rate of therapeutic intervention during colonoscopy in patients with melena and a nondiagnostic EGD. Retrospective case-control study. Community and academic centers over a ...
Perry D C DC Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. - - 2012
  Obsessions and compulsive (OC) behaviors are a frequent feature of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), but their structural correlates have not been definitively established. Patients with bvFTD presenting to the Mayo Clinic Alzheimer's Disease Research Center were recruited. Each patient's caregiver was given the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive scale (YBOCS) to ...
Das G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Optimal therapeutic strategies for subclinical hyperthyroidism are undecided. Overt disease develops in a minority of cases but the risk factors for progression remain unclear. We examined whether a baseline thyrotrophin (TSH) predicted progression to overt hyperthyroidism in asymptomatic individuals with subclinical hyperthyroidism. DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: This was a ...
Francis Darrel P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: When reported correlation coefficients seem too high to be true, does investigative verification of source data provide suitable reassurance? This study tests how easily omission of patients or selection amongst irreproducible measurements generate fictitious strong correlations, without data fabrication. METHOD AND RESULTS: Two forms of manipulation are applied to ...
Le Tourneau C - - 2012
Treatment effect is categorised into four classes by RECIST based on the evolution of the size of target lesions and the occurrence of new lesions, irrespective of tumour growth kinetics before treatment. This study aimed at evaluating the added value of tumour growth kinetics assessment to RECIST in patients treated ...
Roman S - - 2012
Wireless pH monitoring is one of the recent technologies that focus on improving the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The capsule, which is fixed within the esophagus, transmits data via telemetry to an external receiver. The capsule is usually inserted 6 cm above the squamocolumnar junction during an upper endoscopy. ...
Auger Dominique - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on long-term survival of patients without baseline left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony. A total of 290 heart failure patients (age 67 ± 10 years, 77% males) without significant baseline LV dyssynchrony (<60 ms as assessed with tissue Doppler imaging) were treated ...
Scherptong Roderick W C - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the use of the electrocardiogram-derived ventricular gradient, projected on the x-axis (VGx), for detection of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and for prediction of all-cause mortality in PH patients. METHODS: In patients referred for PH screening (n = 216), the VGx was calculated ...
Yang Ju-Yeh JY Division of Nephrology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA 94304, - - 2012
Impaired kidney function is a risk factor for upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, an event associated with poor outcomes. The burden of upper GI bleeding and its effect on patients with ESRD are not well described. Using data from the US Renal Data System, we quantified the rates of occurrence of ...
Winkelmayer Wolfgang C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Altitude is associated with all-cause mortality in US dialysis patients, but its association with cardiovascular outcomes has not been assessed. We hypothesized that higher altitude would be associated with lower rates of cardiovascular events due to an altered physiological response of dialysis patients to altitude induced hypoxia.METHODS: We studied ...
Song Zhi - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Coma and anisocoria are the two common signs of a crucial state of neurological dysfunction. The ability to forecast the occurrence of these conditions would help clinicians make clinical risk assessments and decisions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From October 2006 to September 2008, 118 patients with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) ...
Heise D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Acute renal failure ranks among the most frequent complications in critically ill patients and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is a typical treatment regimen in intensive care patients. Contributing factors to ARF, such as septic shock and hemodynamic instability require extended hemodynamic monitoring, and the simultaneous use of CRRT ...
Cobo A - - 2012
Accumulation of oocytes from several ovarian stimulation cycles is currently possible using novel vitrification technologies. This strategy could increase the inseminated cohort, creating a similar situation to normoresponders. This study included 242 low-responder (LR) patients (594 cycles) whose mature oocytes were accumulated by vitrification and inseminated simultaneously (LR-Accu-Vit) and 482 ...
Sekiguchi Yusuke - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The role of ankle joint stiffness during gait in patients with hemiparesis has not been clarified. The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of quasi-joint stiffness of the ankle joint to spatiotemporal and kinetic parameters regarding gait in patients with hemiparesis due to brain tumor or ...
Kuo Yen-Lin - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: Patients with recurrent sudden deafness demonstrating normal vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) in the lesion ear of the second episode may indicate a good hearing outcome. Objective: This study retrospectively reviewed our experience of patients with recurrent sudden deafness during the past 20 years. Methods: Sixteen (1.4 %) of ...
Di Geso Luca - - 2012
Over the last decade, a growing number of studies have been published supporting the high prevalence of atherosclerosis in rheumatic patients with chronic inflammatory diseases. Ultrasound (US) represents the imaging technique of choice for revealing early atherosclerotic changes at carotids level. New US software, mainly developed to rectify its operator ...
Kim Seung Jun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) volume index (LAVI) has been considered a stable indicator of diastolic dysfunction and an independent predictor of mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease. To date, however, little is known about the relationship between LA enlargement and the changes in residual renal function (RRF). METHODS: This ...
Kline Jeffrey A - - 2012
ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2012; 19:11-17 © 2012 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine ABSTRACT: Objectives:  In a patient with symptoms of pulmonary embolism (PE), the presence of an elevated pulse, respiratory rate, shock index, or decreased pulse oximetry increases pretest probability of PE. The objective of this study was ...
Kianicka Bohuslav - - 2012
Background/Aims: The aim of this retrospective study is the analysis of the success rate of diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in our group of patients with Billroth II gastrectomy. Methodology: The study of the group was carried out during 14 years, i.e. from November 1994 to December 2008. ...
Wrobel Beate Maria - - 2012
Introduction. Several studies showed an association of overweight and obesity with calcium oxalate stone disease (CaOx). However, there are no sufficient data on the influence of body weight on the course of the disease and the recurrence rate. Patients and Methods. N = 100 consecutive stone formers with pure CaOx ...
Mahassadi Alassan Kouamé - - 2012
Aims. To determine the usefulness of platelet count (PC), spleen diameter (SD) and platelet count/spleen diameter ratio (PC/SD ratio) for the prediction of oesophageal varices (OV) and large OV in black African patients with cirrhosis in Côte d'Ivoire. Materials and Methods. Study was conducted in a training sample (111 patients) ...
Misirlioglu M - - 2012
A prospective study to determine how commonly chronic subacromial impingement is associated with subcoracoid impingement and to evaluate clinical outcome after arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD). Subacromial and coracohumeral distances were evaluated in patients with chronic shoulder pain before and after ASD, using magnetic resonance imaging and the University of California ...
Antes Sebastian - - 2012
Because there is currently no sufficient and prevalent parameter for estimating ventricular size in paediatric hydrocephalus patients by using cranial ultrasound, a new measurement index, called the "frontal and temporal horn ratio", is presented in this study. The advantage of the new quotient is that it can be detected in ...
Tatebe Shunsuke - - 2012
Post-capillary pulmonary hypertension (pc-PH) is a disorder with elevated pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) because of left heart disease (LHD), and is classified as reactive (PVR >2.5 WU) or passive (PVR ≤ 2.5 WU). However, the clinical significance of these pc-PH subtypes remains to be elucidated. We ...
Kim Hyun Soo - - 2012
Purpose This study was performed to evaluate the clinical significance of procalcitonin in burn patients and to investigate whether procalcitonin levels at admission can be a prognostic indicator for sepsis and mortality. Materials and Methods Between January 2009 and December 2010, procalcitonin levels in 175 patients were tested within the ...
Mizarienė Vaida - - 2012
The aim of our study was to evaluate left ventricular (LV) longitudinal, radial, and rotational function and its relationship with conventional LV parameters of systolic and diastolic function in patients with aortic regurgitation (AR) by speckle-tracking echocardiography. MATERIAL AND METHODS. A total of 26 asymptomatic patients with moderate AR, 34 ...
Litscher Gerhard - - 2012
This second part of a series of Sino-European high-tech acupuncture studies describes the first clinical transcontinental teleacupuncture measurements in patients with insomnia. Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) measurements in 28 patients (mean age ± SD: 41.9 ± 14.6 years) were performed under standardized conditions in Harbin, China, ...
D'Amico Moreno - - 2012
The aetiological aspects as well as postural attitude implications represent an open question in scoliosis evaluation and treatment. Leg length discrepancy (LLD) is often recognised in scoliotic patients, but surprisingly still controversial is the use of underfoot wedge corrections in order to compensate pelvis tilt. In fact, literature reports conflicting ...
Lovic Svetlana - - 2012
Anatomical variations of veins often play a crucial role in formation of thrombotic changes in superficial and deep veins of lower extremities. THE AIM of this study was to determine the frequency of the dominant type of the lower extremity superficial veins, and to determine the eventual influence of such ...
Chazono Masaaki - - 2012
Following identification of peak height velocity (PHV) by a recent study as a possible prognostic factor for curve progression in patients with idiopathic scoliosis (IS), the aim of this study was to investigate PHV curves in Japanese female patients with IS. The study subjects were 20 skeletally immature IS patients ...
Song F - - 2012
Previous studies have indicated that diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) values are related to clinical outcome in stroke patients. This prospective study explored whether DTI values were predictive for hand function outcome in chronic stroke patients. The DTI parameters (rλ(1), rλ(23), fractional anisotropy [rFA] and mean diffusivity [rMD]) were investigated in ...
Ezerarslan Hande - - 2012
This study aims to investigate the possible correlations between the heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) islets in the cervical esophagus and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). Between May 2010 and April 2011, 45 patients (36 females, 9 males; mean age 39.8±14.1 years; range 18 to 72 years) who had reflux symptom index (RSI) ...
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