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Results 101 - 150 of 1546
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Pickering C - - 2012
Purpose: Following surgery, papillary and follicular thyroid cancers are usually treated with oral administration of NaI-131. In order to estimate subsequent staff, family, and public exposures, it is important to measure both exposure rates as well as the time of clearance of residual activity from these individuals. There is the ...
Halpern Dan G - - 2012
: Subacute pericardial tamponade can present without signs of cardiogenic shock. Symptoms and signs lack both sensitivity and specificity. : We conducted a case-control study in consecutive hospitalized patients with moderate-to-large pericardial effusion who had no evidence of hemodynamic compromise upon admission. Patients with pericardial effusion drained for diagnostic and/or ...
Christianson O - - 2012
Purpose: There has been a growing movement to monitor the size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) for patients undergoing computed tomography (CT) examinations. Information on the patient size, however, is not easily accessible in the DICOM headers. Here, we compare three different automated methods to extract the patient size in terms of ...
Min Yang Won - - 2012
The aim of this study was to identify the parameters that could noninvasively predict the presence of esophageal/gastric varices and portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD), and to determine the accuracy of those parameters. We retrospectively analyzed 232 patients with CLD who underwent both upper ...
Aso Teppei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A dilated orifice of the duodenal papilla found during screening endoscopy or ERCP is well-known as one of the specific findings of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). However, its clinical significance is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic significance of a dilated orifice of the duodenal papilla and ...
Gang Uffe Jakob Ortved - - 2012
AIMS: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) has replaced thrombolysis as treatment-of-choice for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the incidence and prognostic significance of high-degree atrioventricular block (HAVB) in STEMI patients in the pPCI era has been only sparsely investigated. The objective of this study was to assess the incidence, ...
Alves L M T - - 2012
Stroke is a frequent cause of oropharyngeal dysphagia but may also cause alterations in esophageal motility. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of bolus taste on the esophageal transit of patients with stroke and controls. Esophageal transit and clearance were evaluated by scintigraphy in 36 patients ...
Gomes Raquel R - - 2012
AIM: An association between tooth agenesis and taurodontism has been suggested. To verify if tooth agenesis and taurodontism are associated within families and specific patterns of tooth agenesis, this study aims to compare the frequency of taurodontism in patients with nonsyndromic familial tooth agenesis, their first and second-degree relatives with ...
Colecchia Antonio - - 2012
The hepatic vein pressure gradient (HVPG) is the standard used to determine the degree of portal hypertension (PH) and an important prognostic factor for patients with cirrhosis; HVPG values correlate with the presence of esophageal varices (EV). However, HVPG can only be accurately determined at specialized centers; noninvasive methods are ...
Omero─člu Hakan - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this case series was to assess the effect of two common causes of inherited thrombophilia, factor V Leiden (FVL) and prothrombin mutation (PTM) on the development of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) following the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). METHODS: FVL and ...
Yuksel Elif Saritas - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Diagnostic tests for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are constrained because measurements are made at a single time point, so the long-term effects on the mucosa cannot be determined. We developed a minimally-invasive system to assess changes in esophageal mucosal impedance (MI), a marker of reflux. We measured ...
Lee Carlton K K - - 2012
To evaluate the accuracy of four equations based on serum creatinine concentration-the original Schwartz equation and the Leger, Bedside Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD), and Counahan-Barratt equations-for determining glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease. Retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study. Single-center, academic, outpatient pediatric nephrology clinic. ...
Chiladakis John - - 2012
Objectives: To determine the optimal method of ventricular repolarization assessment in predicting torsade de pointes (Tdp) in acquired long QT syndrome (LQTS) within the context of the recommended cutoff levels of concern for QT/corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation. Methods: Twenty-nine patients with LQTS and Tdp (age 66 ± 11 years) ...
Buccelletti Francesco - - 2012
With the introduction of high sensitivity troponin-T (hs-TnT) assay, clinicians face more patients with 'positive' results but without myocardial infarction. Repeated hs-TnT determinations are warranted to improve specificity. The aim of this study was to compare diagnostic accuracy of three different interpretation rules for two hs-TnT results taken 6 h apart. ...
Skupien Jan - - 2012
The risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) remains high in patients with type 1 diabetes and proteinuria; however, little is known about the rate of decline in their renal function. To help determine this, we enrolled patients with type 1 diabetes and proteinuria whose estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was ...
Dzeletovic Ivana - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy fails to achieve cecal intubation in 5-10 % of cases. Many of these cases can be completed using balloon-assisted colonoscopy, either with the single-balloon colonoscopy (SBC) or the double-balloon colonoscopy (DBC) techniques. AIM: To compare the completion rates of SBC and DBC in patients with previous incomplete conventional colonoscopy. ...
Kim Hannah P - - 2012
Endoscopic findings such as esophageal rings, strictures, narrow-caliber esophagus, linear furrows, white plaques, and pallor or decreased vasculature might indicate the presence of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). We aimed to determine the prevalence and diagnostic utility of endoscopic features of EoE. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. PubMed, EMBASE, and ...
Gelfond Daniel - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The effect of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein (CFTR) defect in pancreatic insufficient (PI) patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) on the gastrointestinal pH profile is poorly defined. Adequate and efficient neutralization of the gastric acidity in the duodenum is important for nutrient absorption and timely ...
Sigirli Deniz - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the shape differences in the corpus callosum (CC) and cerebellum of female relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) patients compared with healthy controls. This study was conducted using the magnetic resonance imaging scans of 15 control subjects, 26 ...
Barakat Omar - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether 2-octyl cyanoacrylate (Dermabond) topically applied to the pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) anastomotic site after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) reduces the rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). METHODS: Patients who underwent PD with duct-to-mucosa PJ were evaluated (n = 124). Outcome was compared between patients who received Dermabond (n = 75) after PD and historic ...
Bota Simona - - 2012
Our study assessed acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) reproducibility and the factors influencing it. The intra- and interoperator reproducibility were studied in 33 and 58 patients, respectively. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to assess ARFI reproducibility. The overall intraoperator agreement was better than the interoperator one: ICC 0.90 vs. ...
Burgers Rosa - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of pediatric functional defecation disorders (FDD) using the Rome III criteria and to compare these data with those obtained using Rome II criteria. STUDY DESIGN: A chart review was performed in patients referred to a tertiary outpatient clinic with symptoms of constipation and/or fecal incontinence. ...
de Graaf Fleur R - - 2012
To determine the rate of subsequent invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and revascularization in relation to computed tomography coronary angiography (CTA) results. In addition, independent determinants of subsequent ICA and revascularization were evaluated. CTA studies were performed using a 64-row (n = 413) or 320-row (n = 224) multidetector scanner. The presence and severity of ...
Cacchio Angelo - - 2012
Background.The Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) questionnaire is a tool designed for self assessment of forearm pain and disability in patients with lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET). However, an Italian version of this questionnaire is not yet available.Objective.To translate and cross-culturally adapt the PRTEE questionnaire into Italian, and to evaluate its ...
Shi Zhong-Song ZS Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine whether leukoaraiosis (LA) predicts hemorrhagic transformation and poor outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated by mechanical thrombectomy. We retrospectively analyzed patients with anterior circulation stroke treated with Merci devices and identified LA in the deep white matter (DWM) and periventricular ...
Riccaboni Roberta - - 2012
Previous studies documented a bias against disconfirmatory evidence (BADE) in patients affected by schizophrenia spectrum disorders, with some discrepant findings on its relationship with delusions. In order to further investigate the patterns of evidence integration in schizophrenia and delusion, we recruited 40 deluded and non-deluded patients with schizophrenia and 40 ...
James Stefan K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) have an increased rate of recurrent cardiac events and intracranial hemorrhages. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated treatment effects of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in ACS patients with and without a history of prior stroke or ...
Takahashi Yukitoshi - - 2012
Innovative treatments of epileptic seizures are needed to improve the outcome of epilepsy. We studied the effect of pranlukast on seizure outcome in patients with intractable partial epilepsy. An open study was conducted to evaluate the clinical efficacy of 24-week pranlukast add-on therapy in 50 patients with intractable partial seizures. ...
Lakusic Nenad - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), heart rate variability (HRV) becomes decreased, even more significantly than in patients after myocardial infarction (MI). According to some reports, unlike in patients after MI, decreased postoperative HRV does not increase mortality in CABG patients. The aim of ...
Peng Cuiying - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of premature luteinization in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome and compared the main determinants of success in in-vitro fertilization in PCOS patients with and without premature luteinization. Retrospective analysis of 180 PCOS women of Chinese Han origin with infertility who ...
Kumari Rekha - - 2012
To determine the foetal outcome and mode of delivery in patients with meconium stained liquor during labour. The observational study was carried out at the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit-II of Liaquat University of Medical Health Sciences from June to November 2007. The patients with gestational age more than 37 weeks ...
Hong Sung Pil - - 2012
Background/Aims: Although capsule endoscopy (CE) is widely used to evaluate small bowel diseases, its diagnostic power has not been firmly established. The aim of this study was to compare the abilities of the "Miro- Cam" and "PillCam SB" to detect Z-line and duodenal papillae. Methodology: The records of 141 patients ...
Park Yae M - - 2012
Termination of Atrial Fibrillation During Catheter Ablation Predicts Better Outcome. Background: The reliable endpoint for ablation of longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation (LPAF) has not been clearly established. Methods and Results: This study included 140 patients who underwent catheter ablation for drug-refractory LPAF. A stepwise ablation approach included circumferential pulmonary vein ...
Karoui Sami - - 2012
Background: Classical techniques like endoscopy and esophageal pH-metry are the gold standard to study patients with symptoms related to gastroesophageal reflux disease. Although these techniques have been useful over the years both for diagnosis and therapeutic guidance, there are still many patients with typical or atypical gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms ...
De Vos Cees B - - 2012
Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) may progress to persistent AF. We studied the clinical correlates and the effect of rhythm-control strategy on AF progression. RecordAF was a worldwide prospective survey of AF management. Consecutive eligible patients with recent-onset AF were included and allocated to rate or rhythm control according to patient/physician ...
Moustafa Sherif E - - 2012
The mitral annulus (MA) has a complex dynamic geometry that is difficult to visualize in two dimensions; hence, novel real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT-3D-TEE) provides insights into its dynamic nature. The study aim was to investigate changes in MA geometry in normal subjects and to explore differences in patients with ...
Taussky Daniel - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine seed loss and pulmonary migration rate over time in permanent seed prostate brachytherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We analyzed the first 495 patients treated in our department. All patients were treated with loose (125)I seeds with automated seed delivery system and real-time intraoperative planning. Pelvic fluoroscopic imaging was ...
Furtado Paulo Sampaio - - 2012
To evaluate priapism rates in individuals <18 years of age with sickle cell disease (SCD) at a referral center. An evaluation was made of 599 consecutive male patients with SCD, separated according to type of hemoglobinopathy (HbSS, HbSC and HbS-β-thalassemia). Age at first episode and number of episodes were recorded. Cases ...
Cameli Matteo - - 2012
Left ventricular (LV) torsion is a fundamental component of wall motion and plays an important role to optimize ventricular ejection fraction. The aim of our study was to calculate by speckle tracking echocardiography LV twist angle in patients with hypertension and LV remodeling, analyzing torsional indices in all patterns of ...
Cely Cynthia M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Computerized tomography is frequently employed in the critically ill, often using intravenous radiocontrast material. Many of these patients have clinical features that are considered risk factors for contrast induced nephropathy, but are simultaneously at risk for renal injury from other factors related to their acute illnesses. The attributable ...
Gaul C - - 2012
Introduction: Data on clinical differences between episodic (eCH) and chronic cluster headache (cCH) and accompanying migraine features are limited.Methods: History and clinical features of 209 consecutive cluster headache patients (144 eCH, 65 cCH; male:female ratio 3.4 : 1) were obtained in a tertiary headache centre by face-to-face interviews. Relationship between occurrence of ...
Xiao Y-L - - 2012
Background  The profiles of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) have never been explored. The aim of the study was to investigate the reflux profile in OSAHS patients. Methods  Consecutive snoring out-patients suspected with having OSAHS and 20 healthy volunteers were ...
Tei Kanchu - - 2012
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to measure postsurgical swallowing function in patients 5 years after the surgical treatment of tongue carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort study design, the investigators enrolled postsurgical patients treated for tongue carcinomas in Hokkaido University Hospital. The primary outcome variable was oropharyngeal swallow ...
Hao R T - - 2012
AIMS: To compare the efficacies of methylene blue (MB) and carbon nanoparticles (CNs) as tracers for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB), and assess the value of SLNB in predicting the cervical LN status of patients with thyroid microcarcinoma. METHODS: This retrospective analysis comprised 200 thyroid microcarcinoma patients who underwent intraoperative ...
Correa Raúl - - 2012
New signal processing techniques have enabled the use of the vectorcardiogram (VCG) for the detection of cardiac ischemia. Thus, we studied this signal during ventricular depolarization in 80 ischemic patients, before undergoing angioplasty, and 52 healthy subjects with the objective of evaluating the vectorcardiographic difference between both groups so leading ...
Lucendo Alfredo J - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Propofol is increasingly being used in sedated colonoscopy. This paper assesses the safety and efficacy of nonanesthesiologist-administered propofol in a large series of colonoscopies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective registry of consecutive American Society of Anesthetics (ASA) class I and II outpatients undergoing colonoscopy was carried ...
Yorgun Hikmet - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The association between premature ovarian failure (POF) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) was investigated previously, but none of the studies have looked at cardiac autonomic functions in these patients. In this study, we aimed to evaluate cardiac autonomic functions in patients with POF. METHODS: We enrolled 26 female patients (mean ...
Morel Hélène - - 2012
Objectives: To compare bicarbonate kinetics and acid base status in HD and HDF for the same patient; and to investigate the effect of patient physiologic parameters on these kinetics. Methods: In order to monitor HCO3- kinetics during dialysis, acid-base parameters, pH, blood gases partial pressures, and HCO3- concentrations were recorded ...
D'Elia Emilia - - 2012
AIM: Adaptive servo ventilation (ASV) is a method of ventilator support aimed to treat central sleep apnea (CSA). We investigated the effects of an acute use of ASV in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with CSA and the potential influence on sympathetic nerve activity. METHODS: Patients were studied with ambulatory ...
Jansen Nathalie L - - 2012
PURPOSE: Since differentiation between low-grade glioma (LGG) and high-grade glioma (HGG) remains challenging according to MRI criteria alone, we investigated the discriminative value of additional dynamic FET PET in patients with MRI-suspected LGG. METHODS: Included in this retrospective study were 127 patients with newly diagnosed MRI-suspected LGG and dynamic FET ...
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