Search Results
Results 951 - 1000 of 1542
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Bangerter M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Thymic hyperplasia in the anterior mediastinum can occur in healthy children as idiopathic thymic hyperplasia or as a rebound effect after administration of chemotherapy in patients with malignancies. Thymic hyperplasia after chemotherapy is a well-documented phenomenon, particularly in children and less frequently in adults. Both forms of thymic hyperplasia ...
Bertelli G - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Sonohysterography (SHG) has been proposed as a useful tool for the surveillance of the endometrium in patients receiving tamoxifen. This study aimed to assess the value of SHG in asymptomatic patients who would have been biopsy candidates because of abnormal transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) results. METHODS: The study population included ...
Al Mofarreh M A - - 2000
Schistosomiasis is a world wide human infection. In Saudi Arabia there are multiple endemic foci. Various methods have been used to diagnose Schistosoma mansoni. We studied 1410 patients coming from S. mansoni endemic areas with detectable antibodies by indirect hemagglutination (IHA). Stool specimens were tested for S. mansoni ova by ...
Soofer S B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance (AGUS) remains poorly understood, and patient management is not standardized. The authors evaluated the rate, qualification, and follow-up (FU) findings of AGUS patients. METHODS: Computerized records from the authors' institution were searched from April 1992 to December 1997 for ...
Fatourechi V - - 2000
Classic high-output thyrotoxic heart disease is generally considered a direct effect of thyroid hormone. In contrast, the cause of the less common low-output heart failure is generally unknown. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate available endomyocardial biopsy tissue from patients with coexistent Graves' disease and idiopathic low-output ...
Schwartzberg B S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic breast biopsies are being performed in the United States with increasing frequency. Advanced breast biopsy instrumentation (ABBI) is a recent addition to the list of available stereotactic breast biopsy devices (eg, fine-needle aspiration, automated needle cores, and vacuum-assisted devices). Indications for the ABBI procedure in the management of ...
Mohamed A E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To diagnose parasitic ova or worms during endoscopy, surgery or by histology from endoscopic or surgical specimen in our patients. METHODS: The diagnosis of parasitic disease in our patients was made by histological examinations from biopsies obtained either during an upper gastrointestinal or lower gastrointestinal endoscopy or from surgical ...
Lang E K - - 2000
PURPOSE: To determine whether the use of autologous blood clot seal (ABCS) after biopsy of lung lesions can reduce or prevent pneumothorax. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors evaluated 100 patients (63 men, 37 women; age range, 27-78 years) with pleural (n = 23) or deep (n = 77) lesions. Thirty-eight ...
Lamont J P - - 2000
Nipple discharge is a common presenting symptom of underlying breast pathology. This study examined the impact of galactography on the evaluation of abnormal nipple discharge. Thirty-five women with spontaneous, unilateral nipple discharge who underwent galactography from 1995 to 1997 were retrospectively studied. Their presenting signs as well as mammographic, galactographic, ...
Reid B J BJ Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, and Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98104, - - 2000
Barrett's esophagus develops in 5-20% of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and predisposes to esophageal adenocarcinoma. The value of endoscopic biopsy surveillance is questioned because most patients do not develop cancer. Furthermore, observer variation in histological diagnosis makes validation of surveillance guidelines difficult because varying histological interpretations may lead to ...
Chin A B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the follow-up rate of women with glandular atypia on routine Papanicolaou smears in a community-based population and to describe the associated pathologic findings. STUDY DESIGN: Over a 12-month period, all patients with Papanicolaou smears with atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance were reviewed for demographic ...
al-Bhlal L A - - 2000
The pathologic findings from biopsy specimens from 9 patients with postvaccination bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) infection are presented. The patients were vaccinated with BCG during the first 2 days of life. Four patients had normal immunity and 5 patients were immunocompromised. The pathologic findings in both groups were different. Biopsy specimens ...
Bacci G - - 2000
In 965 patients with high-grade osteosarcoma of the extremities, we investigated the correlation between diagnostic delay and the stage of the tumor at presentation. The mean interval between the onset of first symptoms and the final diagnosis was significantly shorter in patients with metastatic disease than in patients with localized ...
Dijkhuizen F P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal sonography (TVS) and saline infusion sonography (SIS) for detecting intracavitary abnormalities in premenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding. METHOD: Consecutive premenopausal women who underwent hysterectomy for abnormal uterine bleeding were included. All women underwent TVS and SIS before their hysterectomy. The findings ...
Woo P C - - 2000
In ten hospitalised patients with cellulitis complicating lymphoedema encountered over a 3-year period (1996-1998), the underlying diseases were carcinoma of the cervix (n = 4), uterus (n = 1), vagina (n = 1), breast (n=2) and nasopharynx (n= 1), and retroperitoneal squamous cell carcinoma (n = 1). Three of the ...
Omodei U - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess if endometrial thickness could be used to select postmenopausal women on hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) at increased risk for endometrial abnormalities. The secondary aim was to assess if endometrial abnormalities were more likely to occur in patients with increased endometrial thickness ...
Prasad M L - - 2000
Clinicopathologic data on microinvasive carcinoma of the breast (MICB) as defined by the 1997 TNM criteria (T1mic < or = 1 mm) is scarce. Histologic slides of 109 cases from 1993 through 1997, in which microinvasion was either suspected or diagnosed initially, were reviewed. A double immunoenzyme-labeling technique using antismooth ...
Colacurci N N Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Second University of Naples School of Medicine, Italy. - - 2000
To evaluate the effects on the endometrium of a long term treatment with Tamoxifen in postmenopausal patients, asymptomatic for gynecologic disorders, surgically treated for breast cancer. Outpatient menopausal clinic and endoscopic unit. 45 patients (Group I) were treated with 20 mg of Tamoxifen daily for a mean of 23.4 months. ...
Harvey J A - - 2000
PURPOSE: To assess if infiltrating lobular carcinoma (ILC) is associated with an ipsilateral mammographic decrease in breast size. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mammographic change in size was evaluated by measuring the distance from the nipple to the pectoralis major muscle on the mediolateral oblique view of the diagnostic mammogram and on ...
Thompson-Fawcett M W - - 2000
PURPOSE: A stapled pouch-anal anastomosis without mucosectomy is widely used in restorative proctocolectomy. Uncertainty exists about the longer-term outcome of retaining a columnar cuff of epithelium in the anal canal and about the need for surveillance of the columnar cuff. The aim of this article was to assess the ability ...
Moon W K - - 2000
PURPOSE: To describe the mammographic features of metallic punctate densities seen in women who were treated with the herb go-yak for breast abscess and to explain the cause of these findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mammograms showing metallic punctate densities that appeared to be microcalcifications in 34 women were analyzed retrospectively ...
Shin H J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PP) is a rare condition. Cytologic evaluation of peritoneal fluid often is an initial diagnostic test for possible ovarian and/or appendiceal primary tumors. Previous studies suggest that patients with PP who have epithelial cells (ECs) in their peritoneal fluid usually have a less favorable prognosis than patients ...
Lund R J - - 2000
Chronic renal failure is a risk factor for tuberculosis. In the past five years we have identified two cases of tuberculosis in our dialysis population. The first patient, showed chronic failure to thrive on hemodialysis. An enlarged cervical lymph node was biopsied and, although no acid fast bacilli (AFB) were ...
Aref A - - 2000
PURPOSE: It is recommended that patients with breast cancer who present with mammographically detected microcalcification should undergo postlumpectomy mammogram with magnification views to ensure adequate removal of all clinically demonstrable disease. The value of postlumpectomy mammogram has not been adequately examined in the literature. This report aims to quantify the ...
Bonifati D M - - 2000
To evaluate the incidence and entity of muscle damage after hyperthermic limb perfusion (HLP) with doxorubicin or melphalan, two widely used chemotherapeutic agents. We collected muscle biopsies from eleven patients with lower limb sarcoma or melanoma immediately before and at a variable time after the chemotherapeutic procedure (mean = 49.4 ...
Jorissen M - - 2000
During the period 1990-1999 84 PCD patients were identified and characterized. The expression of inherited abnormalities in primary ciliary dyskinesia after ciliogenesis was investigated in 41 patients with dynein deficiency, 6 patients with absence of the central pair of microtubules and 24 PCD patients with normal ultrastructure. In patients with ...
Anastasiadis P G - - 2000
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: To evaluate the prevalence and epidemiologic characteristics of endometrial hyperplasias in women with abnormal uterine bleeding. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis on data gained from 294 patients with histologically documented endometrial hyperplasia (with or without atypia), detected among 1,469 women who underwent fractional dilatation and curettage ...
Hornef M W - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive discussion in recent years, brain biopsy in patients positive for human immunodeficiency virus who manifest cerebral mass lesions remains an ill-defined step in management. METHODS: Prebiopsy data of 26 human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients with cerebral mass lesions who underwent computed tomography-guided stereotactic brain biopsy (SBB) were reviewed ...
Rosser C J - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To assess the ability of the five-region biopsy technique compared with the traditional sextant biopsy technique to detect high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) in patients with an abnormal digital rectal examination or elevated prostate-specific antigen, or both, by a retrospective study. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 50 ...
Cheng R F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical significance of a cytologic diagnosis of atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance (AGUS) and determine the most appropriate evaluation of these patients. STUDY DESIGN: Between 1993 and 1995, 44,217 Papanicolaou smears were evaluated at Allegheny University Hospitals, Medical College of Pennsylvania Campus. There were 108 ...
Lembo T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Recent data have suggested that cardia biopsy specimens may be more reflective of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) than squamous biopsy specimens. AIMS: To assess the distribution, severity, and types of mucosal injury in GORD. PATIENTS: Thirty patients with symptomatic GORD with no or minimal erosions. METHODS: Biopsies were performed ...
Mijović Z Z Medical Faculty, Institute of Pathology, University of Nis, Serbia, Yugoslavia. - - 1999
To estimate the shape of epithelial nuclei in bronchial mucosa. Bronchoscopic mucosal samples from 12 patients with chronic bronchitis and 14 patients with squamous cell bronchial carcinoma were routinely processed and stained with the hematoxylin and eosin method. Fields with stratification and squamous metaplasia were selected. The roundness of epithelial ...
Staren E D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: To determine the role of office-based ultrasound in the early clinical evaluation of breast masses, a consecutive series of diagnostic and interventional breast ultrasounds performed in the surgeon's office were prospectively studied. METHODS: A series of 1028 diagnostic ultrasounds were performed in 662 patients over 2 years. The clinical-pathologic ...
McCarron M O - - 1999
Twelve patients who had surgical removal of a cerebral haematoma had a biopsy or autopsy diagnosis of cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related haemorrhage (CAAH). Ten had a cortical biopsy at the time of surgery and eight reports of these were interpreted as showing CAA to be the cause of the haemorrhage. The ...
Dalbagni G - - 1999
PURPOSE: We assessed the need for transurethral biopsy of the bladder at the 3-month evaluation in patients who have received intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 81 patients collectively received 83, 6-week courses of BCG between 1995 and 1997, and underwent transurethral bladder biopsies 3 months ...
Edelman M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to quantify the prevalence of cervical smear abnormalities in sexually active adolescents and identify the effect of immune-modifying conditions. METHODS: Two hundred seventy-one females ages 13-22 years attending a clinic for sexually transmitted disease (STD) evaluation had cervical Papanicoloau (Pap) smears and completed ...
Sohaey R - - 1999
Transvaginal ultrasound-guided saline infusion sonohysterography (SHG) is a relatively new technique for evaluation of the uterine cavity. As new studies declare the clinical usefulness of this technique, SHG may quickly become part of the routine ultrasound evaluation of the female pelvis. In this article, the SHG procedure is described and ...
Boyev L R - - 1999
PURPOSE: To determine the utility of unilateral versus bilateral temporal artery biopsies in detecting the pathologic changes of giant cell arteritis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study to determine the utility of unilateral versus bilateral temporal artery biopsies in detecting the pathologic changes of giant cell arteritis. The pathologic reports ...
Crocket J A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the yield and cost effectiveness of transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) in the assessment of mediastinal and/or hilar lymphadenopathy. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: A university hospital. POPULATION STUDIED: Ninety-six patients referred for bronchoscopy with computed tomographic evidence of significant mediastinal or hilar adenopathy. RESULTS: Ninety-nine patient records were ...
Azodi M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the management and outcome of patients with adenocarcinoma in situ of the cervix and to evaluate the significance of endocervical cone margin status in these patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of records between January 1988 and December 1996 identified 40 patients ...
Valle R F - - 1999
Office hysteroscopy has developed into an easy, safe, quick, and effective method of intrauterine evaluation that provides immediate results, offers the capacity of direct targeted biopsies of suspicious focal lesions, and offers the direct treatment of some intrauterine conditions. It has been facilitated by the availability of small-caliber endoscopes. Because ...
Gilbert J L - - 1999
Giant cell arteritis is often considered less common in African Americans. In 1985, we reviewed 34 African American patients with biopsy-proven temporal arteritis. We report on 9 additional biopsy positive patients seen at the Washington Hospital Center (WHO between 1988 and 1996.Clinical presentations were similar to those reported in previous ...
Yazaki T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: To study the usefulness and safety of ureteropyeloscopy in the diagnosis of upper tract hematuria of unknown etiology by standard diagnostic methods. METHODS: Fifteen patients with upper tract hematuria of unknown etiology were the subjects of the present study. Prior to ureteropyeloscopy, they underwent standard diagnostic methods, including cystourethroscopy, ...
Conrad C - - 1999
AIMS: Pre-operatively, to exclude multiple invasive tumours not discovered by mammography and sonography in patients referred for breast conservation surgery. METHODS: A supplementary MR-mammography was offered to all patients with mammographic and/or sonographic ascertained tumours less than 2 cm in diameter. RESULTS: Forty patients were offered this additional examination. In ...
Morote J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of routine transition zone biopsies in patients undergoing ultrasound-guided sextant biopsies for the first time because of a suspicious digital rectal examination (DRE) or an elevated serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During sextant prostatic biopsy two additional transition zone biopsies were performed ...
Manetta A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to increase our understanding of the clinical significance of atypical glandular cells of undetermined origin. STUDY DESIGN: All cytologic Papanicolaou smears were reviewed and classified within the context of the Bethesda classification system. Charts of all patients with a diagnosis of atypical glandular cells of undetermined ...
Flombaum C D - - 1999
Three patients with pancreatic carcinoma treated with gemcitabine for 1 year developed clinical and laboratory findings compatible with an indolent form of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome. Renal biopsy specimens in two of these patients showed the characteristic features of thrombotic microangiopathy, and a skin biopsy specimen from the third patient, who ...
Khanna N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Female patients in the post-adolescent age group presented with predominantly deep-seated nodules and a few comedones situated mainly on the cheeks. As most of these subjects related the onset of their symptoms to antecedent facial beauty treatment, we decided to study the clinical and histologic profile of these patients. ...
Dart R - - 1999
In first-trimester patients with abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding, pelvic ultrasonography (US) is often performed to assess the status of the pregnancy. Identification of echogenic material within the endometrial cavity in the absence of a gestational sac has been attributed to the presence of either retained products of conception or ...
Gupta S - - 1999
We present our experience with sonographically guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of abdominal and retroperitoneal lymph nodes in 102 patients. The biopsied lymph nodes measured 1 to 6 cm (mean, 2.3 cm) and were located at the porta hepatis (n = 23), in the peripancreatic (n = 31), paraaortic (n ...
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