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Dilorenzo Michael P - - 2012
PURPOSE: Ablation of anteroseptal accessory pathways have historically been associated with lower success rates and a higher risk of AV nodal injury due to close proximity to the compact AV node. We describe the technique of ablation of anteroseptal APs via the right internal jugular vein (RIJV). METHODS: A retrospective ...
Aglan Mona S - - 2012
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heritable skeletal disorder with bone fragility and often short stature. This study provides anthropometric measurements in Egyptian children with OI and determine variability among OI types classified according to Sillence et al. [Sillence et al. (1979); J Med Genet 16:101-116]. The study included 124 patients ...
Singh Jittendra K - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Studies suggest that ethnicity and racial factors has an important role in the variation in epidemiology of stroke. The present study was conducted to assess the subtypes, risk factors, and outcome of stroke in the tribal community of Jharkhand state and to compare it with that in the non-tribals ...
Kızıltan Meral E - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Orthostatic tremor is a high frequency tremor predominantly on calf muscles during standing. Brainstem is the most probable generator in the pathogenesis since it comprises bilaterally projecting centers regulating stance or tone. We aimed to investigate the functional role of brainstem through the evaluation of acoustic startle ...
Weigt J - - 2012
Until now, it is uncertain if the so-called pH-only reflux episodes that consist of a pH drop without evidence of retrograde bolus movement in multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) represent reflux episodes or artifacts. Hiatal hernia (HH) may allow reflux of small volumes to occur that can be detected by pH-metry ...
Wang Huay-Min - - 2012
  To evaluate the liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using transient elastography (TE) to predict the risk of esophageal varices (EVs) in Chinese patients.   In total, 46 patients with suspicious or proven liver cirrhosis underwent TE and liver biopsy. All participants were endoscopically screened for the presence of EVs and ...
Hubertus J - - 2012
PURPOSE: The incidence of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) and concomitant vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) ranges from 14 to 18 %. Therefore, different guidelines recommend a voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) to identify cases of VUR early in the diagnostic process. Aim of this multicenter study was to reassess the incidence of concomitant VUR and ...
Ruiz-Irastorza Guillermo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and predictors of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to validate a diagnostic strategy. METHODS: 245 patients with SLE entered a screening program. Possible PH was defined as two consecutive systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) values ≥40mmHg by echocardiography. The ...
Tsuyuguchi Toshio - - 2012
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In 2007, the Tokyo Guidelines (TG07) working group established diagnostic criteria for assessment of the severity of acute cholangitis. This study aimed to analyze outcomes and identify predictors of mortality in patients with acute cholangitis managed according to the TG07. METHODS: In this study, 215 consecutive cases of acute ...
Chang K-H - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) with spinal cord lesions spanning three or more vertebral segments is a key feature of neuromyelitis optica (NMO). However, the role of anti-aquaporin 4 (anti-AQP4) antibody, a sensitive biomarker of NMO, in the conversion of LETM to NMO remains uncertain. METHODS: Thirty first-ever LETM ...
Zeyed Yosaf F - - 2012
The rate of alveolar fluid clearance (AFC) is associated with mortality in clinical acute lung injury (ALI). Patients with ALI often develop circulatory shock, but how shock affects the rate of AFC is unknown. To determine the effect of circulatory shock on the rate of AFC in patients with ALI, ...
Noordzij Walter - - 2012
Cardiac amyloidosis is a rare disorder, but it may lead to potentially life-threatening restrictive cardiomyopathy. Cardiac manifestations frequently occur in primary amyloidosis (AL) and familial amyloidosis (ATTR), but are uncommon in secondary amyloidosis (AA). Echocardiography is the method of choice for assessing cardiac amyloidosis. Amyloid deposits impair the function of ...
Caldarella Carmelo - - 2013
The diagnostic performance of positron emission tomography using ¹¹C-methionine (MET-PET) in detecting parathyroid adenoma has been investigated by several studies with conflicting results. Aim of our study is to meta-analyze published data about this topic. A comprehensive computer literature search of studies published in PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus and Embase databases through ...
Ward Neil R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is under diagnosed in chronic heart failure (CHF). Screening with simple monitors may increase detection of SDB in a cardiology setting. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of heart rate variability analysis and overnight pulse oximetry for diagnosis of SDB in patients with CHF. METHODS: ...
Caputo Nicholas - - 2012
BackgroundTriage vital signs are often used to help determine a trauma patient's haemodynamic status. Recent studies have demonstrated that these may not be very specific in determining major injury. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is any correlation between triage vital signs, base deficit (BD) and ...
Chang Yuh-Shin - - 2012
PURPOSE: To verify the association between retinal artery occlusion (RAO) and stroke with a large-scale nationwide study. DESIGN: Retrospective nationwide population-based administrative database study. METHODS: Data were collected from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 (LHID2000), which contains claim data from 1 million randomly selected beneficiaries among Taiwan's 23 million ...
Kimpinski Kurt K Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, University Hospital, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2012
To prospectively evaluate patients who met standard criteria for postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS), at baseline and 1-year follow-up, using standard clinical and laboratory methods to assess autonomic function. Fifty-eight patients met the study criteria (orthostatic symptoms and a heart rate increment of ≥ 30 beats/min on head-up tilt) and completed ...
Siersema Peter D PD Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2012
To determine which patients might benefit most from retrograde viewing during colonoscopy through subset analysis of randomized, controlled trial data. The Third Eye® Retroscope® Randomized Clinical Evaluation (TERRACE) was a randomized, controlled, multicenter trial designed to evaluate the efficacy of a retrograde-viewing auxiliary imaging device that is used during colonoscopy ...
Ongkosuwito E M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to design mandibular ramal height growth curves for patients with HFM and compare those with the curves for a Dutch reference population. Two hundred fifty-one pre-operative orthopantomograms (OPTs) from 84 patients with unilateral HFM were used in conjunction with a control set of 2260 ...
Isik Daghan - - 2012
ABSTRACT: In this study, brow lifting with botulinum A toxin was performed on patients whose ptosis was corrected using the frontal sling technique, and the effects of this application on ptosis were investigated. Seven patients (with 12 eyelids) on whom the frontal sling procedure was performed using a tensor fascia ...
Olesen Anne E - - 2012
It was recently shown that pregabalin decreased pain associated with chronic pancreatitis. It is well known that pancreatitis patients suffer from fat malabsorption with accompanying diarrhoea because of loss of exocrine pancreatic enzyme production. This may lead to changes in the mucosal surface in the small intestine and possibly affect ...
Weaver Lindell K - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Symptoms of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning are non-specific. Diagnosis requires suspicion of exposure, confirmed by measuring ambient CO levels or carboxyhemoglobin (COHb). An FDA-approved pulse oximeter (RAD-57) can measure CO saturation (SpCO). The device accuracy has implications for clinical decision-making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 4/1/2008 to 8/15/2008, study personnel ...
Speck Stephanie - - 2012
Since the year 2005, clinical patterns resembling tick-borne rickettsioses have been noticed in Mongolia. Epidemiological data regarding species of the aetiological agent, tick vector, prevalence, and distribution as well as incidence of human cases throughout Mongolia are still sparse to date. In order to identify Rickettsia species occurring in Mongolia, ...
Bartlett Susan J SJ Department of Medicine, McGill University, Royal Victoria Hospital, Ross 4.31, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A1, Canada. - - 2012
For rheumatoid arthritis (RA), there is no consensus on how to define and assess flare. Variability in flare definitions impairs understanding of findings across studies and limits ability to pool results. The OMERACT RA Flare Group sought to identify domains to define RA flares from patient and healthcare professional (HCP) ...
Lai Chien-Han - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate patterns of fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF, an indicator for the intensity of regional brain spontaneous activities) of patients with first-episode drug-naïve panic disorder (PD). METHODS: Thirty patients (17 females, 13 males, age: 47.70±10.69 years old) and twenty healthy controls (10 females, ...
Graute Vera - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Increased rates of malignancies and infections occur in transplant patients under immunosuppression, but the resultant clinical symptoms, and results of physical examination, chest X-ray, abdominal ultrasonography and laboratory findings are frequently difficult to interpret or inconclusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of whole-body ...
Lee Jeong Won - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performances of two hand perfusion scintigraphy protocols for diagnosing Raynaud's phenomenon (RP). METHODS: We enrolled 130 patients who underwent hand perfusion scintigraphy for suspected RP and 40 normal controls. Of these, 66 patients (group A) and 25 normal controls ...
Nakata Junichiro - - 2012
Accurate estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is very important in clinical practice. Although renal inulin clearance (Cin) is the gold standard for measuring GFR, the procedure for Cin measurement is complicated. Use of GFR-estimating equations has been increasing recently due to their simplicity. The objectives of the present ...
Yurt Murat - - 2012
To investigate the efficacy of near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and an algorithm on the diagnosis of bladder outlet obstruction in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Male patients with LUTS were recruited and underwent uroflowmetry and urodynamic pressure flow study (PFS) with simultaneous transcutaneous NIRS monitoring. Next, the postvoid ...
Han Soo-Hyung - - 2012
Ankyloglossia or tongue-tie is a congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormally short lingual frenum. Its prevalence in the newborn population is approximately 4%. Its mode of inheritance has been studied in some articles, but no conclusion has been established. Also, no relevant report has been published in Korea. This study ...
Lutfi Mohamed F - - 2012
Although enhanced cholinergic activity of asthmatics has been established early on, little heart rate variability (HRV) studies were done on asthma patients. Previous HRV studies were based on 24-hour recordings and therefore have not considered the extremely labile activity of bronchial asthma. To evaluate the pattern of autonomic modulations in ...
Yang Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recently, contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler (cTCD) studies have shown that right-to-left shunt (RLS) may be a risk factor for migraine in Westerners; however, limited data in the literature describes the prevalence of RLS in Chinese patients with migraine. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of RLS in patients with migraine in ...
Coté Gregory A - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Among cases of difficult biliary cannulation, alternatives include use of a pancreatic duct stent (PDS) or guidewire (PDW) to facilitate access. We compared the effectiveness of a PDS versus a PDW to facilitate common bile duct (CBD) cannulation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized, crossover ...
Müller Thomas - - 2012
Disturbances of alternating movement execution are a characteristic clinical sign of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Objectives were to compare instrumentally measured diadochokinetic motion series carrying out before and 1 h after standardised levodopa intake and to correlate the device results with the respective rating scores of the PD patients. Maximum ...
Shah Manish N - - 2012
Object The goal of this study was to determine the clinical course of Borden-Shucart Type I cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) and to calculate the annual rate of conversion of these lesions to more aggressive fistulas that have cortical venous drainage (CVD). Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted of ...
Ando Yuichi - - 2012
Objective: This pharmacokinetic study of S-1 was conducted in patients in whom glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was directly measured to explore the possibility of adjusting the S-1 dose on the basis of GFR in patients with normal or nearly normal renal function. Methods: S-1 was given to 12 patients twice ...
Parmentier Simon Paul - - 2012
PURPOSE AND METHODS: The accurate estimation of volume status is a central problem in dialysis patients. Recently, a bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) device (BCM Body Composition Monitor FMC, Germany) has attained growing interest in this regard. By processing the raw data for extracellular water (ECW) and intracellular water (ICW) by means ...
Andersen Charlotte U CU Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, Denmark. - - 2012
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) worsens the prognosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The diagnosis of PH is established by right heart catheterisation (RHC), while echocardiography can be used for screening. We aimed to asses the outcome of echocardiographic screening for PH in a group of stable COPD out-patients, and to ...
Antus Balazs - - 2012
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) pH has been proposed as a useful, non-invasive marker of airway inflammation in pulmonary diseases. In this study we tested whether cystic fibrosis (CF) is associated with acidification of EBC, when pH is assessed by the CO(2) gas standardization method. METHODS: EBC was ...
Ziaei Hossein - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To determine the incidence of clinical keratoconus (KCN) in an Iranian population. METHODS:: This prospective surveillance study was conducted in Yazd province in central Iran (population 990,818). During 1 year (July 2008 to June 2009), all new patients with KCN were registered and referred. Diagnosis was based on the ...
Tromp M M Nijmegen Institute for Infection, Inflammation, and Immunity (N4i), Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, The Netherlands. - - 2012
We evaluated the value of a single biomarker, biomarker panels, biomarkers combined with clinical signs of sepsis, and serial determinations of biomarkers in the prediction of bacteremia in patients with sepsis. Adult patients visiting the emergency department because of a suspected infection with at least two of the following symptoms: ...
Hu Hai-Tao - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between serum tau concentrations and 3-month clinical outcomes in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. DESIGN AND METHODS: Serum tau concentrations of 176 patients were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The end points were mortality and poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale score>2) after 3months. ...
Ogura Makoto - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: High salt intake in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) may cause high blood pressure and increased albuminuria. Although, the estimation of salt intake is essential, there are no easy methods to estimate real salt intake. METHODS: Salt intake was assessed by determining urinary sodium excretion from the ...
Min Yang Won YW Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul 135-710, South - - 2012
To evaluate the outcome of sub-centimeter-sized nodules (SCSNs) detected during surveillance for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients at risk. We retrospectively analyzed a total of 142 patients with liver cirrhosis or chronic hepatitis B or C without a prior history of HCC in whom a SCSN was detected during HCC ...
Pastor-Pérez Francisco J - - 2012
Background: Abnormalities in autonomic control are a feature of neuroendocrine activation in HF and are responsible for dysregulation of biological rhythms. The purpose was to investigate the presence and the prognostic significance of long-period heart rate (HR) rhythms in heart failure (HF) patients. Methods and Results: In the study, 92 HF patients ...
Kimura Keisuke - - 2012
PURPOSE: Intraocular lymphoma is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. Early diagnosis and early treatment greatly influence the survival prognosis of this disease. This retrospective study aimed to clarify the clinical features of patients diagnosed with intraocular lymphoma, and the diagnostic significance of results from analysis of vitreous samples ...
Monnerat Monica Maria Cardoso - - 2012
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an entity characterized by an esophageal inflammatory infiltrate of eosinophils, manifested by dysphagia, intermittent food impactions and symptoms similar to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), that predominantly affects young adults. There may be association of eosinophilic esophagitis with GERD, and motor abnormalities have been described. The main objectives ...
Vargas-Arzola Jaime - - 2012
This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Demodex mites in eyelashes of people from different places from Oaxaca. One thousand and ten patients underwent epilation of eight eyelashes from each eye and they were processed to search Demodex which was found in 208 (20%) of the patients ...
Azzam Rimon Sobhi - - 2012
Esophageal pH monitoring is considered to be the gold standard for the diagnosis of gastroesophageal acid reflux. However, this method is very troublesome and considerably limits the patient's routine activities. Wireless pH monitoring was developed to avoid these restrictions. To compare the first 24 hours of the conventional and wireless ...
Cheung Tan To - - 2012
The indocyanine green (ICG) retention test is the most popular liver function test for selecting patients for major hepatectomy. Traditionally, it is done using spectrophotometry with serial blood sampling. The newly-developed pulse spectrophotometry is a faster alternative, but its accuracy on Child-Pugh A cirrhotic patients undergoing hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma ...
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