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Chandrasoma Parakrama T - - 2003
This study consists of 959 consecutive patients in whom endoscopic biopsies were taken according to a protocol that permitted mapping and measurement of epithelial types in the gastroesophageal region. The epithelial types were classified as normal (oxyntic and squamous) and questionably abnormal (oxyntocardiac, cardiac, intestinal) by strict histologic criteria. Patients ...
Liu Chien-Liang - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The most common tracers used for lymphatic mapping in sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) are blue dye and radio-colloid. The former is associated with hypersensitivity, and the latter is not available in some institutions. It is still unclear as to which subsets of patients benefit most from SLND. In ...
Takwoingi Y M - - 2003
This retrospective study examined 33 patients with Wegener's granuloma seen between 1990 and 1999 in the Ayrshire and Arran region of Scotland. There was an estimated annual incidence of 10/million/year. The diagnosis in this series was based on the presence of one or more of the following: a positive histology, ...
Zempsky William T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Lidocaine iontophoresis is a method of topical anesthesia in which lidocaine is driven into the skin under the influence of electric current. OBJECTIVE: To compare lidocaine iontophoresis to placebo for topical anesthesia before shave biopsy in adult patients. METHODS: This was a single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled evaluation of iontophoresis of ...
Win Thida - - 2003
BACKGROUND: For many years in the United States transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) has been used with flexible bronchoscopy to diagnosis bronchogenic carcinoma, but very few data are available from the United Kingdom. METHODS: All bronchoscopies performed for suspected bronchial carcinoma at Papworth Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom, over the last 3 ...
Pankuweit Sabine - - 2003
Although enteroviruses have long been considered the most common cause of inflammatory heart muscle diseases, parvovirus B19 (PVB19) is emerging as a new and important candidate for myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy with inflammation (DCMi) and without inflammation (DCM). We investigated left ventricular endomyocardial biopsy specimens from 110 patients with suspected ...
Napier S S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We examined clinical parameters of patients from Northern Ireland with potentially malignant lesions (PML) to determine association with development of intraoral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). DESIGN: retrospective, cross-sectional, population-based, clinically validated, laboratory-verified. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All patients who had more than one incisional oral mucosal biopsy diagnosed from 1975-1991 ...
Go Cynthia - - 2003
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a histologically benign disease of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi. Here we report on the histologic and molecular characteristics of 7 cases of malignant transformation of RRP to squamous cell carcinoma (SCCA). The clinical histories of 7 patients with RRP who developed SCCA were carefully ...
Murgatroyd H - - 2003
AIMS: We present our preliminary experience with the use of ultrasound in aiding the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA). Schmidt et al have previously described a hypoechoic or "halo" effect surrounding the walls of affected arteries on examination with ultrasound. We illustrate these features and explore the attributes and ...
Chokhani R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) has evolved as a useful technique to establish diagnosis in patients suspected of having bronchogenic carcinoma. METHODS: Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) was done in twenty-five patients with either proved or suspected bronchogenic carcinoma using a flexible bronchoscope. Results of 19 patients who had pulmonary malignancy ...
Tse Gary M K - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Tuberculosis of the nasopharynx is uncommon. A large series of 17 cases is reported, and the clinical and pathological features are discussed. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. METHODS: Seventeen archived cases of biopsy-proven nasopharyngeal tuberculosis were reviewed for patient age and sex, presenting complaint and duration, systemic symptoms, cervical ...
Huber Sabine - - 2003
PURPOSE: To evaluate patient acceptance of stereotactic or ultrasonographically (US) guided directional vacuum-assisted 11-gauge needle biopsy of breast lesions and short- and long-term changes at mammography and US resulting from the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 91 benign lesions that had been sampled at either stereotactic or US-guided directional vacuum-assisted ...
Seferović Petar M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of pericardial biopsy is controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and diagnostic value of 3 approaches to pericardial biopsy: fluoroscopic control and standard sampling, pericardioscopy guidance with standard sampling, and pericardioscopy guidance with extensive sampling. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-nine subsequent patients ...
Masterson Andrea V - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine if post-biopsy complication rates were influenced by patient positioning after the procedure. METHODS: A prospective evaluation of post-biopsy complications in 87 patients (55 men, 32 women; mean age 66 yr, range 20-86 yr) undergoing fine-needle aspiration biopsy of lung nodules was performed. Biopsies were performed under computed ...
Leidenius Marjut - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the prevalence of motion restriction and axillary web syndrome (AWS) after sentinel node biopsy (SNB) and axillary clearance (AC) in a prospective study. AWS is a self-limiting cause of early postoperative morbidity after axillary surgery. Limited range of motion associated with palpable cords of tissue in the ...
Choi Yong Soo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of mediastinoscopy for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: We reviewed 291 patients who underwent mediastinoscopy from January 1995 to December 2001 for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer. The patients who presented tumor-negative lymph nodes ...
Kazandi M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether saline contrast sonohysterography (SCSH) gives additional information to that obtained by transvaginal sonography (TVS) for predicting endometrial abnormality in premenopausal, menopausal and postmenopausal patients with abnormal uterine bleeding and postmenopausal patients with endometrial thickness > 5 mm. METHODS: This was a prospective study at the Ege ...
Keller R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Patients with extensive, long-standing ulcerative colitis have increased risk of colorectal cancer. AIMS: To improve the detection of high-risk patients, using a combination of colonic cytology, histology, and DNA image cytometry after segmental colonic lavage. PATIENTS: A series of 16 patients (8 high-risk patients) with ulcerative colitis were investigated. ...
Ventolini Gary - - 2003
OBJECTIVES.: The purpose of our prospective cohort study was to determine whether cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1 regresses, persists, or progresses during pregnancy. Eighty-four primigravid patients, ages 16 to 32 years old (mean 26), with no history of abnormal Pap smear, had abnormal Pap test results during their prenatal care ...
Hui J Y H - - 2002
The prone table machine is a mammographic X-ray system specially designed for use in the stereotactic localisation of breast abnormality. In this study, its clinical usefulness was investigated in terms of duration, success rate, complications, and patients' acceptance of the procedure. During a 5-month period, 79 patients attended the Kwong ...
Libanore M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We studied the prevalence, epidemiological features, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of invasive aspergillosis in AIDS patients in Italy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients affected by both aspergillosis and AIDS hospitalized between January 1986 and April 1997 (before highly-active antiretroviral therapy, HAART) in four Italian Department of Infectious Disease. ...
Crabtree Dwayne - - 2002
Human papilloma virus (HPV) Hybrid Capture II testing was introduced at our institution in mid-April, 2001. Relatively little data exists on the histologic follow-up of "high-risk HPV-positive ASCUS" patients without a previous abnormal Pap result. The results of the cytologic-histologic correlation of 50 patients over an 11-mo period are presented. ...
Bekkers Ruud L M - - 2002
We assessed prospectively whether residual cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) after treatment for high-grade CIN can be predicted by genotype-specific high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) detection in follow-up cervical scrapes. A broad spectrum, highly sensitive SPF(10)-LiPA-PCR HPV detection technique was used on cervical scrapes before large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ), ...
Shetty Mahesh Kalappa - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of combined negative sonographic and mammographic findings in patients with palpable breast abnormalities. METHODS: One hundred seventy-two patients with 186 palpable abnormalities who had combined negative sonographic and mammographic findings were prospectively studied. Patients who did not undergo biopsy had imaging and clinical follow-up; the ...
Bruzzi J F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We assessed the safety and efficacy of transjugular liver biopsy with the Quick-Core biopsy needle. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients with liver failure and contraindications to percutaneous liver biopsy were referred for transjugular liver biopsy. Eighteen (36%) patients had thrombocytopenia (platelet range = 44-92/microL, mean = 66/microL), 31 (62%) patients ...
Strassmann Gerd - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Precise immobilisation of a patient during extracranial stereotactic 3-D navigation is essential in order to minimize the patient's movement during CT data recording and needle application. In this paper we report the first results of needle positioning accuracy in various body regions, using a 3-D navigation system for brachytherapy ...
Acheson Marita B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Determining the negative predictive value of benign large-core needle biopsy of nonpalpable mammographically detected breast abnormalities has been difficult because benign results generally preclude surgical excision. Longterm followup of these patients is important to ensure timely diagnosis of new abnormalities and to identify false negatives. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort ...
Hasbini Ali - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The vagina is the site most commonly affected by loco-regional failure in endometrial carcinoma (EC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of vaginal brachytherapy (BT) combined or not with whole pelvic external radiotherapy (RT) for the treatment of patients with vaginal recurrences from ...
Jones Thomas F - - 2002
Biopsies from short segments of columnar appearing mucosa in the distal esophagus often fail to reveal intestinal metaplasia (IM). The yield of IM on repeat upper endoscopy (EGD) and biopsy in these patients is not known. Our aim was to prospectively evaluate the yield of IM on repeat EGD in ...
Ghamande Shekhar - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE:s: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and safety of transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) in patients receiving mechanical ventilation in the ICU. METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients in the medical and surgical ICUs from February 1999 to July 2001 who underwent TBNA while receiving mechanical ventilation. RESULTS: A total ...
Shetty Mahesh K - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to identify the sonographic features of radial scars of the breast and to determine whether sonography has a role in imaging of radial scars suspected on mammography. Over a period of 4 years and 6 months, patients with a pathologic diagnosis of a radial ...
Kennedy Alexander W - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to study further the management of cervical adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) with particular regard to the results of conservative management without hysterectomy and the use of large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ). METHODS: Based upon the files of the Pathology Department ...
Lakos András - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: From 1996 through 2000, we collected data on 86 patients with similar symptoms following a tick bite. The inclusion criteria were: enlarged regional lymph nodes and/or vesicular-ulcerative local reaction at the site of the tick bite. METHODS: Epidemiological and clinical data on these 86 patients were statistically analysed. All ...
Blansfield Joseph A - - 2002
HYPOTHESIS: The application and reliability of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy in community hospitals may be less efficacious in the clinical assessment of patients with thyroid nodules than in tertiary referral centers. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: One community teaching hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred eighty-three patients who underwent thyroidectomy after FNA biopsy. ...
Dalbeth N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) is often confirmed by an early temporal artery (TA) biopsy of adequate length. Treatment of this condition with high-dose corticosteroids may be associated with significant morbidity, including osteoporosis. AIM: To audit current management of patients with suspected GCA at Auckland Healthcare, a ...
Hartung T K TK Department of Respiratory Medicine, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, - - 2002
To assess the value of sputum induction (SI) as a diagnostic tool for patients with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) who are unable to expectorate or who have a negative sputum smear. Study of an inpatient cohort undergoing SI. Mseleni Hospital, a rural district hospital in northern KwaZulu-Natal. All adult patients ...
Mahadeva S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A raised intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) count with normal villous architecture is a recognised finding in latent coeliac disease. Little information is available in cases without gluten sensitive enteropathy in adults. AIMS: To assess the frequency of such a finding in routine practice and to determine whether it is clinically ...
Chun Kendra - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Several options exist for obtaining tissue for pathologic diagnosis of nonpalpable breast lesions. They are generally divided into traditional, open wire-localized biopsy through a 3- to 5-cm incision, stereotactic-guided excisional biopsy through a 1- to 2.5-cm incision, and stereotactic-guided incisional biopsy through a puncture wound a few millimeters long. ...
Jha S - - 2002
We set out to identify histological abnormalities in women presenting with postcoital bleeding at the colposcopy clinic and the detection rate of abnormalities. This was a retrospective study based on the colposcopy clinic at Scunthorpe General Hospital. We investigated 45 patients with postcoital bleeding, 12 with negative referral smears and ...
Reinhold Caroline - - 2002
Endovaginal sonography in combination with HSG is an effective screening tool in evaluating patients with postmenopausal bleeding. Endovaginal sonography is highly sensitive for detecting endometrial carcinoma and can identify patients at low risk for endometrial disease obviating the need for endometrial sampling in this subgroup of patients. In patients with ...
Tytgat G N J - - 2002
Endoscopy is recommended as the first investigation in the work up of a patient with dyspeptic symptoms and is essential in the classification of the patient's condition as organic or functional dyspepsia. Although the correlation between mucosal alterations and symptom pattern is difficult, endoscopy will remain the initial investigation of ...
Kökçü A - - 2002
This study aimed to compare connective tissue components within the uterine ligaments histopathologically in women with and without pelvic relaxation. The tissue samples obtained from the histopathologic specimens of 24 patients with uterine descensus who underwent vaginal hysterectomy and from twenty-one patients with no pelvic relaxation, in whom total abdominal ...
Hotta Osamu - - 2002
Histological cure of immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy has been reported only rarely in adults. To elucidate the reversibility of established IgA nephropathy, we performed a repeat biopsy study. A second biopsy was performed in 35 patients with IgA nephropathy in whom hematuria, an essential finding of IgA nephropathy, had disappeared ...
Martynowicz Marek A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary blastomycosis often mimics bacterial pneumonia or bronchogenic carcinoma, which may result in delayed therapy or the performance of unnecessary diagnostic procedures. We have reviewed the utilization of diagnostic techniques in the workup of patients with pulmonary blastomycosis, defined their diagnostic yields, and proposed an optimal diagnostic approach for ...
Larsen S S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical impact of endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA) in patients with mediastinal masses suspected of malignancy. METHODS: From April 1993 to December 1999, 84 patients were referred for EUS-FNA. In all patients CT scanning had shown a lesion of ...
Emoto Makoto - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine the usefulness of transvaginal color Doppler ultrasound (TV-CDU) in differentiating between endometrial hyperplasia (EH) and endometrial carcinoma (EC) and in predicting tumor spread in patients with EC. METHODS: Seventy-one postmenopausal patients were enrolled with either EH or EC that had been ...
Costa Silvano - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of microcolposcopy in preventing incomplete electrosurgical excision at the endocervical cone margin in patients with CIN and unsatisfactory colposcopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four-hundred and twenty-one patients were studied. Complete excision of disease at the endocervical margin was evaluated using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: One-hundred ...
Cetinkaya Erdogan - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) of intrathoracic lymph nodes has been shown to be useful in the diagnosis and staging of bronchogenic carcinoma. The usefulness of TBNA has not been widely investigated in benign disease other than sarcoidosis. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the diagnostic value of TBNA in consecutive patients who ...
Patrizi Annalisa - - 2002
We report 13 girls, ages 4 months-5 years, affected by an infantile perianal protrusion located on the midline anterior to the anus in 8 patients and posteriorly in 3. A past personal history of constipation existed in six patients and anal fissures in three patients. In one of the five ...
Milojkovic M - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the importance of regular and long-term follow-up of patients who had conization for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN 3); and to assess the risk of residual/recurrent lesions of the cervix uteri. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 934 patients with CIN 3 who underwent conization over the period ...
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