Search Results
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Conaty S J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To describe changes in treatment decisions after receipt of nucleic acid amplification (NAA) test for the diagnosis of M. tuberculosis. METHODS: Retrospective notes review of treatment decisions in patients receiving a NAA test for suspected pulmonary or non-pulmonary tuberculosis at the Royal Free Hospital in London between March 2001 ...
Schlötzer-Schrehardt Ursula - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate histopathologic alterations of eyelid biopsy specimens from patients with floppy eyelid syndrome (FES) with special regard to elastic fiber content and ultrastructure as well as to the expression of elastin-degrading enzymes to elucidate the pathogenesis of this disorder. DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS AND CONTROLS: Eleven ...
Mittendorf Elizabeth A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is a minimally invasive, accurate method of evaluating axillary lymph nodes in patients with invasive cancer. The technique has also been applied successfully in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). The purpose of this study was to review our experience performing SLNB in ...
Maurice P D L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aminoterminal peptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP) is formed during the synthesis of type III collagen and can be measured in the serum. It has been used as a marker for hepatic fibrosis in patients on long-term methotrexate and it has been suggested that serial assay of PIIINP ...
Chang Silvia D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Any needle biopsy procedure is associated with a false-negative rate; therefore, masses diagnosed as benign by needle biopsy should be followed to confirm their stability. This study determines patient compliance with recommended 6-month follow-up of breast masses that have had benign cytology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study consists of ...
Palaskar Sangeeta - - 2005
In lepromatous leprosy, it may be postulated that apparently normal areas of skin are the probable sites of future extension of the pathological process and the events taking place in these site might represent the earlier stages of such an extension. Thus the present study has been done to evaluate ...
Farshchian Mahmood - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Leprosy is considered a chronic disabling condition. Many clinical and immunological aspects of the disease remain ill defined. AIM: The study of clinico-pathological and laboratory findings of patients with leprosy admitted to Sina Hospital, Hamadan, Iran, from 1991 to 2000. METHODS AND PATIENTS: This is a descriptive retrospective cross-sectional ...
Aziz Muzaffar - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of FNAC and open biopsy in patients presented with palpable breast lump. DESIGN: Comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Nishtar Hospital, Multan, during the period of October 2001 to October 2003. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All female patients, irrespective of their age, who presented with ...
Welch Steven T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Palpable breast masses are rare in the pediatric male population. Prior reports have described the ultrasound findings of the normal pediatric breast, masses seen primarily in female pediatric patients, and masses seen in adult males. OBJECTIVE: To describe and illustrate the sonographic findings in gynecomastia and other causes of ...
Picardi Marco - - 2004
PURPOSE: The sensitivity of lymph node excisional biopsy requires validation. Power Doppler ultrasound (US) helps predict the malignant status of lymphadenopathies. We used power Doppler US to select for biopsy the lymph node most suspected of malignancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty-two patients having lymphadenopathies with clinical suspicion of ...
See S J - - 2004
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is the most common transmissible human subacute spongiform encephalopathy. There is limited literature on CJD in Southeast Asia. We describe the clinical course and diagnostic evaluation of 2 Singapore patients with biopsy-proven CJD. Two patients presented with non-specific symptoms such as withdrawal, forgetfulness, asthenia, giddiness and insomnia. ...
Kaplan Keith J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the current study, the authors sought to examine the prognosis and recurrence risk for patients with cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs) diagnosed during pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective review of all women who gave birth at Walter Reed Army Medical Center (Washington, DC) or the National Naval Medical Center ...
Gonzalez-Gay Miguel A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency and clinical features of biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis (GCA) patients who had fever at the time of diagnosis of the disease, and the relationship between fever, ischemic complications, and the systemic inflammatory response in GCA. METHODS: A retrospective study of biopsy-proven GCA patients diagnosed between ...
Harewood Gavin C - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: There is little published data assessing factors that influence the accuracy of biliary cytology. The aim of this study was to (a) prospectively compare interobserver variability among two blinded pathologists interpreting biliary cytology specimens, (b) to describe the predictors of interpathologist agreement, and (c) to characterize the predictors of ...
Bani-Hani Kamal E - - 2004
Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is a rare disease of the breast. Clinically and radiologically it may mimic breast carcinoma. Awareness of surgeons, pathologists, and radiologists is essential to avoid unnecessary mastectomies. Data regarding 24 patients with histologically confirmed idiopathic granulomatous mastitis treated at our center over 8 years were analyzed. The ...
Bilgin Tufan - - 2004
AIM: To investigate the possibility of coexisting endometrial cancer (EC) in patients with atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH). METHODS: Forty-six consecutive women who underwent hysterectomy for AEH were analyzed. RESULTS: Final histopathological evaluation of hysterectomy specimens revealed EC in 11 patients (23.9%). Preoperative diagnosis of AEH was established by pipelle biopsy ...
Lo Stephen - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current clinical practice of follow-up and the outcomes of patients with raised Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody levels but without pathological evidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) for a possible risk of developing NPC in the future. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected database. SETTING: Tertiary referral otorhinolaryngology ...
Colmenero J D - - 2004
In order to determine the clinical features and current prognosis of tuberculous vertebral osteomyelitis, the charts of all patients diagnosed with definite or probable tuberculous vertebral osteomyelitis from January 1983 to June 2002 ( n=78) were reviewed. The mean delay to diagnosis was 6.1 months. Sixty-five (83.3%) patients had inflammatory ...
Covey Anne M - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe patient- and procedure-related factors associated with post-biopsy pneumothorax and those that require intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient and procedure data from all lung biopsies performed at a single center between January 2000 and July 2001 were recorded prospectively. Data included patient demographics, lesion size, lesion depth from ...
Bryson P - - 2004
A recent clinical practice guideline supports the conservative management of adenocarcinoma in situ of the cervix (ACIS) diagnosed or suspected before treatment. However, patients may be diagnosed with unsuspected ACIS found in a loop electrosurgical excisional procedure (LEEP) specimen done for squamous dysplasia. To assess the outcome in this group ...
Kazakov Dmitry V - - 2004
Castleman disease of the subcutis and skeletal muscle is rare. We have collected a series of 6 cases of extranodal Castleman disease, located in the subcutis and skeletal muscles of the extremities and trunk. Tumors from mediastinal and retroperitoneal soft tissue and those histologically involving peripheral or truncal lymph nodes ...
Younge Brian R BR Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA. - - 2004
To identify clinical findings in patients with suspected giant cell arteritis (GCA) that may help clinicians decide when to initiate glucocorticoid therapy. Medical diagnostic codes and surgical indexing were used to identify all patients who had temporal artery biopsy at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn, between January 1, 1988, ...
Thompson Barbara C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Most previous studies demonstrating the feasibility of transjugular kidney biopsy have used a modified Colapinto aspiration biopsy needle. We present 25 high-risk patients, with contraindications to percutaneous renal biopsy, who underwent transjugular kidney biopsy using a transvenous side-cut needle. This technique is easier to learn and can be performed ...
Gruessner S E M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of high-frequency intrauterine (IUS) vs. transvaginal (TVS) sonography in the evaluation of benign and malignant uterine and tubal abnormalities. METHODS: For IUS sonography, a high-frequency (10-30 MHz) microtip probe with a maximum beam penetration depth of 126 mm was inserted intracervically; radial scanning (360 degrees) ...
Hernández-Garduño E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: While smear positive patients with tuberculosis (TB) are considered more infectious than smear negative patients, the latter can also transmit TB. METHODS: In a molecular epidemiology study of 791 patients in the Greater Vancouver regional district, the number of episodes of TB transmission from two groups of smear negative ...
Dragojević Svetlana - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding understands a prompt diagnostic procedure, for the sake of defining the etiological factor of disease. The abnormal uterine bleeding is more common in the perimenopausal than in the postmenopausal women, and it is more frequent sign of an endometrial proliferative or hyperplastic changes. Fewer ...
Webber John - - 2004
HYPOTHESIS: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) for carcinoma in situ of the anus is an alternative to surgical excision in patients who are seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). DESIGN: Before-after trial. Settings Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Twelve HIV-seropositive patients who were actively being treated for AIDS with high-grade dysplasia on anal ...
Cook I S - - 2004
AIM: To assess the value of the histopathological examination of routine breast reduction specimens. METHODS: All patients who underwent breast reduction surgery over a 10 year period were identified. The histopathology report for each patient was analysed. For all cases with important microscopic abnormalities, the patient's medical notes were examined ...
Larghi Alberto - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A trucut needle biopsy device that can be used to obtain specimens from the pancreas and other perigastric organs under EUS guidance has been developed and successfully tested in animals. Moreover, EUS-guided trucut needle biopsy has been used safely in humans and appears to provide more accurate results than ...
Butterfield Joseph H - - 2004
The medical records of 21 patients evaluated for mastocytosis and 2 patients seen for follow-up of known mastocytosis who underwent bilateral iliac crest aspirations and biopsies were reviewed retrospectively to determine whether mastocytosis could be confirmed in each of a patient's biopsy specimens. In 19 cases (83%), each biopsy specimen ...
Donzella Joseph G - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence, predisposing factors, and time-course of epididymitis after transrectal ultrasound-guided (TRUS) needle biopsy of the prostate gland. METHODS: A total of 739 consecutive patients underwent TRUS-guided biopsy of the prostate gland from January 2000 through December 2002 using a systematic approach, 18-gauge needles, and antibiotic prophylaxis. ...
Rutter M D - - 2004
Colonoscopic surveillance for cancer in longstanding extensive ulcerative colitis relies heavily on non-targeted mucosal biopsies. Chromoendoscopy can aid detection of subtle mucosal abnormalities. We hypothesised that routine pancolonic indigo carmine dye spraying would improve the macroscopic detection of dysplasia and reduce the dependence on non-targeted biopsies. One hundred patients with ...
Hsu Li-Han - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) is an indispensable part of the pulmonologist's armamentarium, although it continues to be woefully underutilized despite its demonstrated safety and usefulness. We herein review our experience with the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All TBNAs were conducted according to standard techniques using 21-gauge cytology needles ...
Lerman Hedva - - 2004
The purpose of the study was to assess physiologic endometrial (18)F-FDG uptake during the 4 phases of the menstrual cycle and to differentiate between physiologic and malignant endometrial uptake. METHODS: Endometrial (18)F-FDG uptake, expressed as standardized uptake value (SUV), was measured on PET/CT images of 285 consecutive female patients, of ...
Blansfield Joseph A - - 2004
Breast reduction mammaplasty allows examination of specimens from a seemingly healthy population for the presence of proliferative breast disease. The authors reviewed the charts of all reduction mammaplasty patients of a single surgeon over 7.5 years for age, family history, mammographic results, unilateral or bilateral nature of the procedure, and ...
Cetinkaya Erdogan - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) performed with a Wang 22-gauge cytology needle in patients with mediastinal and/or hilar adenopathy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary care training hospital. PATIENTS: TBNA procedures were performed using a flexible bronchoscope and a ...
Bekkers R L M - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: To determine whether aggressive or expectative management of patients after two consecutive smears with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance is preferable. To determine whether triage with high-risk human papillomavirus will identify all patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 and 3. METHODS: 140 of 282 patients referred for ...
Whittier William L - - 2004
Percutaneous renal biopsy (PRB) is a safe and effective tool in the diagnosis and management of renal disease; however, the optimal timing of observation after biopsy is not clearly established. With the use of real-time ultrasound guidance, PRB of native kidneys was performed in 750 adult patients at an academic ...
Shetty Mahesh K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of sonography in evaluation of abnormal axillary lymph nodes identified in patients with otherwise negative or benign findings on mammography. METHODS: For 3 years 2 months, we retrospectively reviewed 30 consecutive cases that had undergone sonographic evaluation for abnormal axillary lymph nodes identified in patients ...
Touijer A Karim - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of voided urine cytology in diagnosing primary carcinoma of the urethra in male and female patients. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all patients with urethral carcinoma seen at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between 1958 and 1996. The patients who had undergone voided urine ...
Kuo Ramsay L - - 2003
PURPOSE: The mechanisms behind calcium nephrolithiasis remain unclear. Previous research has relied on animal models or cell lines, yielding limited insight into the pathophysiology of human calcium stone disease. To determine changes occurring in the human kidney during active stone disease we used an endoscopic renal papillary biopsy protocol in ...
Suzina S A - - 2003
The poor prognosis for patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma is principally due to its advanced stage at the time of diagnosis. The symptoms and clinical findings at presentation of 56 patients with confirmed nasopharyngeal carcinoma is described and analysed. Recognising the common modes of presentation is essential to diagnose the disease ...
Jacobs Ira A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The number of nodal basins and the number of lymph nodes containing regional metastases are important prognostic factors in patients with truncal malignant melanoma. Because the lymphatic drainage pattern of truncal melanoma often includes more than 1 basin, we designed a study to evaluate whether: (1) patients with dual-basin ...
Tarantino L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the efficacy of abdominal ultrasound (US) and fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in the diagnosis of disseminated mycobacteriosis (DM) in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). METHODS: Twelve AIDS patients (nine male, three female; age range, 22-43 years) with DM underwent abdominal US within 2 days after admission with 3.5- ...
Nagral Aabha - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the safety, adequacy, clinical impact and cost of transjugular liver biopsies performed at our institution. METHODS: Eighty-four biopsies performed in 50 consecutive patients with coagulopathy (INR >1.4; n=20), thrombocytopenia (platelet count <75,000/cmm; n=17), ascites (n=10), or coagulopathy and thrombocytopenia (n=3) from April 1999 to July 2002 were ...
Jezior D - - 2003
AIM: The aim of this research was to assess the impact of eosinophilia in renal biopsy specimens obtained during an acute rejection (AR) episode on the severity and reversibility of rejection and on long-term graft function. MATERIAL: Among 165 renal graft recipients who underwent transplantation (Tx) in 2001 and 2002 ...
Hung W T - - 2003
Radiologists use an "Overall impression" rating to assess a suspicious region on a mammogram. The value ranges from 1 to 5. They will definitely send a patient for biopsy if the rating is 4 or 5. They will send the patient for core biopsy when a rating of 3 (indeterminate) ...
Greenberg Ron - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Drains are inserted in the dissected axilla of most patients during surgery for breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence and prognostic value of MUC1 and Met-hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor in the axillary drainage of these patients. METHODS: The study group included 40 consecutive patients with invasive ductal carcinoma ...
Sharquie Khalifa E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Keloid is a benign, well-demarcated area of fibrous tissue overgrowth that extends beyond the original defect. It is not an uncommon problem and is encountered frequently in daily practice. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the different clinical and histopathologic aspects of this disease in Iraqi people. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients with keloid ...
Tseng S-H - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Dural metastasis associated with chronic subdural hematoma (CSH) is rare in patients with malignant neoplasm. In this study, biopsy of the dura and cytological examination of the subdural hematoma was performed for patients with malignant neoplasm and chronic subdural hematoma to investigate the association of dural metastasis and CSH. ...
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