Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1542
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Brausi Maurizio A - - 2011
The purpose of this phase II study was to evaluate whether low-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer can be ablated with intravesical gemcitabine in a marker lesion study. The study had a Simon II-stage design. Thirteen patients were to be recruited for stage I. In the event of ≥4 responses, another 30 ...
Kanjwal Khalil - - 2011
Background: We present our single center experience of 27 patients of hyperadrenergic postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS). Methods: In a retrospective analysis, we reviewed the charts of 300 POTS patients being followed at our autonomic center from 2003 to 2010, and found 27 patients eligible for inclusion in this study. ...
Rajab Taufiek K - - 2011
Chest compressions have saved the lives of countless patients in cardiac arrest as they generate a small but critical amount of blood flow to the heart and brain. This is achieved by direct cardiac massage as well as a thoracic pump mechanism. In order to optimize blood flow excellent chest ...
Liu Qing - - 2011
Objective: This study intends to investigate whether the entry electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities of patients with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are related to the prognosis. Methods: From 1998 to the present, 106 SAH patients who had no history of heart disease and were diagnosed with head CT were recruited. Results: Abnormal ...
Taskaynatan Mehmet A - - 2011
To investigate intra- and inter-observer reliability among physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists and a radiologist in interpretation of plain lumbar spine X-ray films in patients with low back pain. Three assessors (A: a resident of PM&R, B: an experienced PM&R specialist, C: an experienced radiologist) read the standard lumbosacral plain ...
Gosseries Olivia O Coma Science Group, Cyclotron Research Center, University of Liège, - - 2011
Monitoring the level of consciousness in brain-injured patients with disorders of consciousness is crucial as it provides diagnostic and prognostic information. Behavioral assessment remains the gold standard for assessing consciousness but previous studies have shown a high rate of misdiagnosis. This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of electroencephalography (EEG) ...
Campbell Bruce C V - - 2011
Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) hyperintensity within an acute cerebral infarct may reflect delayed onset time and increased risk of hemorrhage after thrombolysis. Given the important implications for clinical practice, we examined the prevalence of FLAIR hyperintensity in patients 3-6 h from stroke onset and its relationship to parenchymal hematoma (PH). ...
Papaioannou Andriana I - - 2011
Endogenous airway acidification, as assessed by exhaled breath condensate (EBC) pH, is present in patients with stable COPD. The aim of this study was to measure EBC pH levels in a large cohort of COPD patients and to evaluate associations with functional parameters according to their smoking status.EBC was collected ...
Shao Zi-Yang - - 2011
This study aimed to evaluate changes in the biodiversity of the oral microflora of patients with head and neck cancer treated with postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) or conventional radiotherapy (CRT). Pooled dental plaque samples were collected during the radiation treatment from patients receiving IMRT (n = 13) and CRT (n ...
Ansakorpi Hanna - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate spectral heart rate (HR) variation using short-term ECG recordings at rest and during the tilt table test. Methods. The values of spectral components of total power (TP), high-frequency power (HF), low-frequency power (LF) and LF: HF ratio were measured at rest and during the head-up tilt in ...
Schälte Gereon - - 2011
The Airtraq® optical laryngoscope (Prodol Ltd., Vizcaya, Spain) is a novel disposable device facilitating tracheal intubation in routine and difficult airway patients. No data investigating routine tracheal intubation using the Airtaq® in patients at a high cardiac risk are available at present. Purpose of this study was to investigate the ...
Di Legge Silvia - - 2011
Purpose. We investigated stroke recurrence in patients with acute ischemic stroke of undetermined aetiology, with or without a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Methods. Consecutive stroke patients underwent to Transcranial Doppler and Transesophageal Echocardiography for PFO detection. Secondary stroke prevention was based on current guidelines. Results. PFO was detected in 57/129 ...
Javid Mihan J MJ Department of Anesthesiology, Imam Khomeinee Medical center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. - - 2011
Predicted difficult airway is a definite indication for awake intubation and spontaneous ventilation. Airway regional blocks which are commonly used to facilitate awake intubation are sometimes impossible or forbidden. On the other hand deep sedation could be life threatening in the case of compromised airway.The aim of this study is ...
Sehle Aida - - 2011
Fatigue is a frequent and serious symptom in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). However, to date there are only few methods for the objective assessment of fatigue. The aim of this study was to develop a method for the objective assessment of motor fatigue using kinematic gait analysis based on ...
Zhu Zezhang - - 2011
There have been few studies focusing on the curve pattern of scoliosis caused by lumbar disc herniation (LDH) in adolescents and the natural history of scoliosis after discectomy. The current study was carried out to identify the curve pattern of scoliosis and investigate the effect of posterior discectomy on the ...
Toyoda Hidenori - - 2011
Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) are recommended to have periodic follow-up exams because these patients are at increased risk of the presence of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which can lead to cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. We investigated the follow-up status of NAFLD patients after a liver biopsy examination. We ...
Dauwels Justin - - 2011
Medical studies have shown that EEG of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients is "slower" (i.e., contains more low-frequency power) and is less complex compared to age-matched healthy subjects. The relation between those two phenomena has not yet been studied, and they are often silently assumed to be independent. In this paper, ...
Gutierrez Guillermo - - 2011
Adequate ventilatory support of critically ill patients depends on prompt recognition of ventilator asynchrony, as asynchrony is associated with worse outcomes.We compared an automatic method of patient-ventilator asynchrony monitoring, based on airway flow frequency analysis, to the asynchrony index (AI) determined visually from airway tracings. This was a prospective, sequential ...
Huang Ou - - 2011
Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has been used to assess patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). To achieve its full potential the rate of SLN identification must be as close to 100 percent as possible. In the present study we compared the combination of preoperative lymphoscintigraphy scanning by sulfur colloid ...
Xu Ting - - 2011
Minor physical anomalies (MPAs) have been found to be more prevalent in schizophrenia than control participants in numerous studies and may index a potential endophenotype for schizophrenia. To quantitatively define the magnitude of the difference in total MPA scores between patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls; to determine the degree ...
Lee Yaw-Chern YC sense/tcm SOC Lab, Department of Electrical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, - - 2011
This case study centered on the effects of Music Therapy (MT) on vegetative state (VS) patients for a continuous 41-day experiment with electrocardiogram (ECG) recorded. Mahler's Second Symphony was used for this MT. There are various elements in Mahler's second symphony, with string, wind, drum, and even voice; providing the ...
Biais Matthieu - - 2011
Pleth Variability Index (PVI) is an automated and continuous calculation of respiratory variations in the perfusion index. PVI correlates well with respiratory variations in pulse pressure (ΔPP) and is able to predict fluid responsiveness in the operating room. ICU patients may receive vasopressive drugs, which modify vascular tone and could ...
Ishida Masaki - - 2011
Long acquisition times and complex breathing motion patterns lead to suboptimal image quality in whole heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography (WHCMRA). To overcome this problem, an abdominal belt (BELT) has been suggested by a Japanese group. However, its applicability in a Western population has not been previously demonstrated. The purpose ...
Burri Emanuel - - 2011
The diagnostic and prognostic value of arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) parameters in unselected patients presenting with acute dyspnea to the Emergency Department (ED) is largely unknown. We performed a post-hoc analysis of two different prospective studies to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic value of ABGA parameters in patients presenting ...
Pfeffer Gerald - - 2011
Introduction: Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) is a mitochondrial syndrome on a disease spectrum with Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS). Clinical presentation is variable and our experience suggested that phenotypic differences exist in CPEO with onset after age 20. Methods: This descriptive study is a retrospective chart review of 40 patients with ...
Ling Ivan T - - 2011
To investigate differences between semi-recumbent and supine postures in terms of cough rate, oxygen desaturation, sedative use, and patient comfort during the initial phase of bronchoscopy. Consecutive bronchoscopy patients (n = 69) participated in this observational cohort study. Posture was determined by the bronchoscopist's usual practice. Patient demographics, spirometry, pulse, ...
Yoldas Burcak - - 2010
BACKGROUND.: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a death ligand currently under clinical trials for cancer. The molecular profile of TRAIL and TRAIL receptors has not yet been mapped for patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC). METHODS.: Paraffin-embedded ...
Mustafa Mahmoud - - 2011
Our aim is to study the prospective trial where urine cytology was used to detect the acute urothelial mucosal damage in patients who undergo extracorporeal shock waves lithotripsy (SWL). The study included 48 consecutive patients (28 male, 20 female) with mean age of 49.02 years (range 18-66) who were treated ...
Osbak P S - - 2011
Retrospectively, to investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and basal electrogenic transport as measured by short-circuit current (SCC) in human duodenal and colonic mucosal biopsies. The study included biopsies from mucosa of normal appearance in the sigmoid colon and/or distal duodenum. Patients were referred for routine endoscopy (predominantly ...
Cetınkaya E - - 2011
Background:Patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck constitute a high risk group for synchronous and metachronous tumours.Objective:This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of white light and autofluorescence bronchoscopy in the evaluation of pre-malignant and early neoplastic lesions in patients with laryngeal cancer, who are at high ...
Khandelwal Niraj - - 2010
Despite extensive investigations, the cause of liver injury in 14% of patients with acute liver failure remains unknown (indeterminate). In a pilot study using a novel assay, highly specific acetaminophen-cysteine adducts were detected in 7 of 36 indeterminate patients (19%). To extend these observations, sera from 110 subjects enrolled in ...
Gonzalez Susana S Departments of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, - - 2010
Several types of forceps are available for use in sampling Barrett's esophagus (BE). Few data exist with regard to biopsy quality for histologic assessment. To evaluate sampling quality of 3 different forceps in patients with BE. Single-center, randomized clinical trial. Consecutive patients with BE undergoing upper endoscopy. Patients randomized to ...
Nogara P R B - - 2011
To evaluate the histology of the loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) surgical tissues of patients with ASC-H and post-LEEP recurrence. Medical records of patients with ASC-H treated with LEEP between January 2004 and March 2008 in the town of União da Vitória, Paraná, seat of the Sixth Public Health Region ...
Van Noord Désirée - - 2010
  Diagnosing chronic upper gastrointestinal ischaemia (CUGI) remains a challenge in clinical practice. Histological examination of biopsy material currently plays no role in the diagnosis of transient CUGI, as little is known about gastrointestinal histology in these patients. The aim of this study was to investigate upper gastrointestinal histology in ...
Yarandi Fariba - - 2010
The objective of this study was to compare the histological findings of dilatation and curettage (D&C) with those on subsequent hysterectomy in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding. Between October 1998 and September 2003 a retrospective clinical study of 311 patients was conducted, including all patients who underwent D&C and within ...
Kang Taewoo - - 2010
We sought to evaluate the utilization of blue dye in addition to radioisotope and its relative contribution to sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping at a high-volume institution. Using a prospectively maintained database, 3,402 breast cancer patients undergoing SLN mapping between 2002 and 2006 were identified. Trends in utilization of blue ...
Terry Neil G NG Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2011
Patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) show increased risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma and are routinely examined using upper endoscopy with biopsy to detect neoplastic changes. Angle-resolved low coherence interferometry (a/LCI) uses in vivo depth-resolved nuclear morphology measurements to detect dysplasia. We assessed the clinical utility of a/LCI in the endoscopic ...
Melton Shelby D - - 2011
Ileal biopsies are often reported as having a low yield. Data from endoscopy practices in the private setting are lacking. To correlate the frequency of histologic abnormalities in ileal biopsies with clinical indications and ileoscopic appearances. Retrospective analysis of clinical, endoscopic, and histopathologic data from a large database. We studied ...
Poynard Thierry - - 2011
EPIC-3 is a prospective, international study that has demonstrated the efficacy of PEG-IFN alfa-2b plus weight-based ribavirin in patients with chronic hepatitis C and significant fibrosis who previously failed any interferon-alfa/ribavirin therapy. The aim of the present study was to assess FibroTest (FT), a validated non-invasive marker of fibrosis in ...
Szczesny Wojciech - - 2011
The etiology of inguinal hernia remains unclear. Research data indicate the presence of pathologic alterations within the connective tissue; their exact character remains the subject of dispute. The search for new methods to diagnose connective tissue abnormalities, and thoroughly explain the character of the ultrastructural alterations, continues. The study group ...
Salour Hossein - - 2010
To determine the histopathologic characteristics of lacrimal sac specimens in adult patients undergoing external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) for acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. A total of 471 lacrimal sac biopsies were obtained from 449 patients undergoing external DCR for symptoms or signs of acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction and examined histopathologically. A total ...
Santoso Joseph T - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of anal intraepithelial neoplasia in heterosexual women with genital intraepithelial neoplasia, and to compare anal cytology with colposcopy for their effectiveness in anal intraepithelial neoplasia screening. METHODS: Women with confirmed intraepithelial neoplasia on the cervix, vagina, or vulva were referred for gynecologic oncology care. All ...
Matin Surena F - - 2010
We analyzed endoluminal ultrasonography (ELUS) for evaluating renal pelvic and ureteral, or upper tract, urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). Patients being treated for suspected UTUC underwent ureteroscopic evaluation immediately before ELUS, followed by ureteroscopic biopsy. Endoluminal ultrasonography was performed using mechanical radial scanning at 30 MHz in the B-mode using a 1.7-mm-diameter ...
Cassar Olivier - - 2010
To determine human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) K1 genotypes in patients with Kaposi sarcoma (KS) from Peru, we characterized HHV-8 in 25 KS biopsy samples. Our findings of 8 A, 1 B, 14 C, and 2 E subtypes showed high HHV-8 diversity in these patients and association between E genotype and ...
Murali Rajmohan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) is a rare subtype of melanoma that is characterized by malignant spindle cells separated by prominent, fibrocollagenous stroma. Primary melanomas either may be entirely desmoplastic or almost entirely desmoplastic (pure DM [pDM]) or may exhibit a desmoplastic component admixed with a nondesmoplastic component (combined DM [cDM]). ...
Knoepp Stewart M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The Hybrid Capture II high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) DNA test is a US Food and Drug Administration-approved nucleic acid hybridization assay using chemiluminescence for the semiquantitative detection of hrHPV in cervical samples. Patient samples and controls are used to calculate results as negative for hrHPV if <1.0, positive for ...
Pandalai Prakash K - - 2011
Patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage III melanoma represent patients with high risk of systemic relapse. This study evaluates the clinical utility of standardized radiographic staging. Consecutive asymptomatic patients underwent standardized radiographic staging workup within 6 weeks of diagnosis. True- and false-positive rates and number of additional examinations ...
Grover Sonal - - 2010
To identify the magnitude and possible predictors of contralateral lobe involvement and contralateral extraprostatic extension (EPE) in prostatic biopsy-defined localized unilateral cancers. Between January 2005 and August 2009, 1861 patients underwent robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy at the authors' institution. A total of 1114 had unilateral disease on preoperative biopsy. Final histopathology ...
Altan-Yaycioglu Rana - - 2010
To investigate the histopathological results of lacrimal sac biopsies in patients with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. In this prospective non-comparative study, 205 consecutive patients, who were diagnosed as primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction, were included. Patients with history of trauma and/ or surgery in the periorbital area, punctum or ...
Slomovitz Brian M BM Department of Gynecologic Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA. - - 2010
Dysregulation of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and the gene that encodes the p110α catalytic subunit of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), PIK3CA, are the most common mutations in endometrial carcinoma (EC). Loss of PTEN or activation of PIK3CA results in constitutive activation of AKT, which leads to up-regulation of mammalian target of ...
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