Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1556
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Undas Anetta - - 2011
Elevated factor (F)XI is associated with an increased risk for ischemic stroke. Activated FXI (FXIa) and tissue factor (TF) have not been studied following stroke. The aim of the current study was to evaluate circulating FXIa and TF in patients with prior cerebrovascular events. We studied 241 patients, including 162 ...
Malandraki Georgia A - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the utility of a pitch elevation task in the assessment of oropharyngeal dysphagia. Methods This study was a pilot prospective cohort study including forty consecutive patients (16 male and 24 female) who were referred by their physician for a swallowing ...
Matsufuji Mayumi - - 2011
Background To clarify the relationship between morphological characteristics and clinical features in epilepsy patients with unilateral hippocampal abnormality, morphological and morphometrical MR imaging studies were performed. Methods We selected a series of childhood onset epilepsy patients with unilateral hippocampal abnormality. The volume of hippocampal formation and anterior temporal lobe were ...
Mackensen Friederike - - 2011
Purpose: We aimed to review all uveitis patients with a positive Borrelia serology to evaluate positve results in uveitis subtypes. Further we wanted to test a self-assembled Interferon gamma release assay (IGRA) as a possible supplement method in these patients. Methods: Patients where serology for Borrelia was ordered from September ...
Luk W H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE. To retrospectively analyse the outcome of patients who underwent investigation by small bowel enema in a local centre. DESIGN. Case series. SETTING. Regional hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS. All patients referred for small bowel enema in a local hospital from 1 January 1999 to 31 December 2009 were identified; respective ...
Sinha Sanjib - - 2011
The authors evaluated the spectra of EEG observations in elderly patients with new onset seizures and correlated it with clinical, laboratory, and imaging findings. This prospective study involved 201 elderly individuals (age: 68.0 ± 7.5 years; male:female = 1.8:1) who manifested with new onset seizures. Data regarding clinical, laboratory, routine ...
Chandwani Briesh - - 2011
The objective of the study presented here was to examine the incidence of bruxism in patients suffering from temporomandibular disorders. Two cohorts of patients suffering from temporomandibular disorders were evaluated. One group, composed of 163 patients, was asked specifically about the occurrence of bruxism, while the other group, composed of ...
Pedron-Torrecilla J - - 2011
Brugada syndrome (BrS) causes sudden death in patients with structurally normal hearts. Manifestation of BrS in the ECG is dynamic and most patients do not show unequivocal signs of the syndrome during ECG screening. Electrograms (EGMs) of BrS patients show conduction delay and fractionation at the right ventricular outflow tract ...
Lellouche Nicolas - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion (PE) can occur during or after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation, and may induce atrial arrhythmia. AIM: To characterize the impact of PE on arrhythmia recurrences following AF ablation. METHODS: Patients referred for a first radiofrequency AF ablation were studied prospectively. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed before and 24h ...
Jinabhai Amit - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to obtain intraocular forward light scatter (FLS) data in keratoconus patients and to explore possible relationships with contrast sensitivity. METHOD: Intraocular straylight was assessed in the right eye of 10 visually-normal subjects (31±5 years) and 5 keratoconus patients (34±9 years) using the van ...
Katsumata Yasuhiro - - 2011
Several studies have shown that anti-C1q antibodies correlate with the occurrence and activity of nephritis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the significance of anti-C1q antibodies in SLE has not been fully characterized. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between anti-C1q antibodies and clinical and serologic parameters ...
Chiu Yu-Ting - - 2011
Initial cleft severity in patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) varies. This is reflected in the sizes of the cleft and the palate. The purpose of this retrospective study was to establish whether there is a relationship between cleft severity at birth and growth of the maxilla. ...
Shaikh Ayaz Hussain - - 2011
To determine the correlation of Duke treadmill score (DTS) with gated single photon emission computed tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) in patients evaluated for chest pain. A retrospective study was conducted at Tabba Heart institute. Two hundred consecutive patients, referred to the nuclear cardiology laboratory for evaluation of chest pain by ...
Lin Zhiyue - - 2011
Our primary goals were to investigate the effects of two-channel gastric pacing on gastric myoelectrical activity, and energy consumption with the secondary intent to monitor gastric emptying and symptoms in patients with severe diabetic gastroparesis. Four pairs of temporary pacing wires were inserted on the serosa of the stomach at ...
Watanabe Tsuneo - - 2011
This study aimed to compare the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of three-dimensional (3D) and two-dimensional (2D) power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS) and to assess the relationship between 3D PDUS and clinical parameters in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Bilateral second/third metacarpophalangeal joints and second/third proximal interphalangeal joints in 33 patients were ...
Gwak Ho-Shin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The Ommaya reservoir for intraventricular chemotherapy of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC) patients has been reported to have some complications. We introduced a Chemoport reservoir, with a solid non-collapsible, high-profile chamber as a the replacement for the Ommaya reservoir in LMC patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of Chemoport as an ...
Aletaha Daniel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be measured clinically (eg, swollen joint count (SJC)) or systemically (eg, C reactive protein (CRP)). In general, both contribute to the progression of joint damage, but the relevance of residual inflammation in patients near remission is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the independent ...
Chatzikonstantinou Anastasios - - 2011
We analyzed the phenomenon of transient regional diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) hyperintensity in a series of status epilepticus (SE) patients with respect to seizure type, epileptogenic lesions and EEG findings. A prospective series of 54 patients (30 men, 24 women, mean age 61.5 years) admitted with SE was analyzed with regard ...
Le Moli Rosario - - 2011
Background and Objective. Both extraocular muscle (EOM) and orbital fat are involved in Graves' orbitopathy (GO) but their enlargement might occur with a different temporal pattern. Two GO subtypes have been described, one with predominant EOM enlargement and the other with prevalent fat tissue involvement. We longitudinally investigated the EOM ...
Zahra S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Gynaecological cancer is common. It is highly amenable to effective treatment, but thrombosis remains a common complication. There is controversy about whether microparticles (MPs), particularly tissue factor (TF) positive MPs, are increased in patients with malignancy and/or thrombosis. We therefore set out to investigate the relationship between MPs of ...
Desai Jay D - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA) has been studied extensively in adults but published literature about its clinical correlates in children and adolescents is comparatively limited. AIMS: This study was performed to find more evidence regarding the clinical significance of this electrographic pattern in the pediatric population. METHODS: All ...
Taylan Ali - - 2011
To evaluate the T helper 17 (Th17) axis and its relation to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha blockage and disease activity in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The study included 127 AS patients (100M/27F) and 38 (27M/11F) controls. Spinal mobility was assessed by the bath ankylosing spondylitis metrology index (BASMI). Patients were ...
Chen Jan-Yow - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Anatomic characteristics of the cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) have been reported to be related to the outcome of atrial flutter ablation therapy. However, preprocedural evaluation of CTI anatomy using modified transthoracic echocardiography to guide atrial flutter ablation has not been well described. METHODS: Transthoracic echocardiography was prospectively performed before atrial ...
Bowyer Annette E - - 2011
Haemophilia A is caused by a reduction in clotting factor VIII (FVIII). FVIII coagulant activity (FVIII:C) can be measured by three methods; the one-stage activated partial thromboplastin time-based clotting assay, the two-stage Xa generation-based clotting assay and the chromogenic Xa generation-based assay. The FVIII:C of most patients with haemophilia A ...
Rizwan Khan Muhammad - - 2011
The gallbladder specimens of patients who underwent cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones between 2003 and 2005 were evaluated for the presence of Intestinal Metaplasia. (IM) and its risk factors. IM was positive in 39% of 293 patients tested, and in the comparative analysis of 114 metaplasia positive versus 179 negative patients, ...
Dolezal Jiri - - 2011
Aim: To present our experience with the detection of bleeding in the small intestine by means of scintigraphy with in vivo-labelled red blood cells (RBCs) in the period of 1998-2009. Materials and Methods: A 12-year prospective study was accomplished with 40 patients (23 men, 17 women, aged 12-91, mean 56 ...
Carrat Pierluigi - - 2011
Abstract Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that rapidly involves the respiratory system, leading to persistent respiratory insufficiency. Neuromuscular respiratory weakness is also responsible for sleep disordered breathing (SDB), which occurs at an early stage of ALS. Maximal sniff nasal-inspiratory pressure (SNIP) is a sensitive test to early ...
Giannetti Alexandre Varella - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to evaluate the existence of anatomic abnormalities in the skull base that could contribute to the origin of primary spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks (PSL). METHODS: Twenty PSL patients were compared with 20 healthy individuals. The following features were measured through an analysis of computed tomography scans: ...
Chau T N - - 2011
Background and Aim: Our study aimed to compare the performance of faecal α(1)-antitrypsin clearance (AATC) and radiolabelled human serum albumin (HSA) scintigraphy in protein-losing enteropathy (PLE). Methods: Patients studied by both AATC and technetium-99m ((99m)Tc)-labelled HSA scintigraphy were recruited and categorized into PLE and non-PLE groups based on clinical and ...
Grayburn Paul A - - 2011
Percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip has been shown to decrease mitral regurgitation (MR) severity, left ventricular volumes, and functional class in patients with severe (3+ or 4+) MR. Determination of which patients are optimal candidates for MitraClip therapy versus surgery has not been rigorously evaluated. Transesophageal echocardiography was ...
Manganotti P - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) activation during somatosensory electrical stimulation of the median nerve in acute stroke patients and to determine its correlation with ischemic damage and clinical recovery over time. METHODS: Fourteen acute stroke patients underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during contralesional median-nerve electrical stimulation 12-48h ...
Bossenbroek Linda - - 2011
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often limited in their daily physical activity. However, the level, type and intensity of daily physical activity are not known, nor there is a clear insight in the contributing factors. The aim of this review is to describe daily physical activity of ...
Gumus Seyfettin - - 2011
Abstract Aim. To investigate serum prolidase activity (SPA) in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Material and methods. Twenty-nine PTB patients and 32 controls were included in the study. PTB patients (cavitary and non-cavitary) and controls were compared in terms of mean SPA. Correlations were evaluated between SPA and acute phase ...
Agrama Mark T - - 2011
The author conducted a retrospective study of 8 adults with euthyroid goiter that had resulted in tracheal compression and led to moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of thyroidectomy on the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) in these patients and to ...
De Stefano Alessandro - - 2011
An important component of management of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) has been the application of postural restrictions after use of a canalith repositioning maneuver (CRM) to prevent the return of otolithic debris into the posterior semicircular canal (PSC). This study was designed to explore the effectiveness of postural restrictions ...
Akçay Adnan Burak - - 2011
We investigated the correlation of serum paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) activity with coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The study included 21 patients (mean age 55±9 years) with MetS, stable angina pectoris, and angiographically shown CAD, 24 patients (mean age 51±10 years) with MetS and angiographically normal coroner ...
Ashraf M J - - 2011
Actinomycosis of the tonsils has been reported in a variable percentage of tonsil specimens by other authors. This study determines the incidence of actinomyces in the palatine tonsil and evaluates the clinical diagnoses and histopathological features of tonsillectomy specimens. In a retrospective study, 204 patients who had undergone tonsillectomy for ...
Gencer Mehmet - - 2011
To investigate the F wave parameters (F duration, F minimum latency, F maximum latency, F mean latency, F chronodispersion, and F persistence) of the tibial nerve with unilateral S1 radiculopathy. We evaluated the differences of these parameters between the affected and unaffected sides and also with the control group. The ...
Vázquez-Rodríguez Juan Gustavo - - 2011
Capillary leak with pleural effusion and/or ascites in severe preeclampsia (SP) may be a reason for low plasma colloid osmotic pressure (PCOP) and deterioration of renal filtration function. The objective of this study was to report the frequency of pleural effusion and/or ascites in patients with SP and to compare ...
Sener Sevgi - - 2011
To investigate the relationship between different clinical findings and condyle position. Tenderness on masseter (MM), temporal (TM), lateral pyterigoid (LPM), medial pyterigoid (MPM) and posterior cervical (PSM) muscles, limitation, deviation and deflection in opening of mouth, clicking, crepitating, tenderness on lateral palpation of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) area for each side ...
Undas Anetta - - 2012
  Elevated factor (F)XI and tissue factor (TF) have been reported to occur in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We sought to investigate whether circulating activated FXI (FXIa) and TF on admission can predict clinical outcomes in patients with acute cerebrovascular events.   In the observational study, we evaluated ...
Cutaia Michael - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The frequency of oxygen desaturation during daily activities in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is poorly defined. The BODE index predicts survival in COPD. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between BODE scores and oxygen saturation during daily activities. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with COPD (FEV(1) = 37%) ...
Wang Yong - - 2011
Chagas' disease (CD) which is caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi is a major cause of heart failure in Latin America. We investigated if plasma activity of one of the enzymes being part of the renin-angiotensin system, aminopeptidase A (APA), has diagnostic and prognostic potency in patients with CD and ...
Yildiz Ozlem Kayim - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) often report the use of antiplatelet medications, even more commonly than the use of anticoagulants. The effect of antiplatelet drugs on the course of ICH is controversial. In this study, our aim was to determine the effects of previous antiplatelet therapy on admission hematoma ...
Alpay Atilla - - 2011
Background:  To evaluate retinal nerve fibre layer thickness (RNFLT) and to compare results with visual evoked potentials (VEPs) and visual field in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Design:  A prospective, case-control study, university hospital setting. Participants:  Seventy-three eyes of 37 MS patients and 74 eyes of 37 healthy subjects. Methods:  ...
Weiss Nicolas - - 2011
The aim of the study was to determine if bedside caloric vestibulo-ocular responses (VOR) are able to predict consciousness recovery from clinically determined vegetative state (VS) in the ICU. Twenty-six severely brain injured patients that were clinically in VS were included. Horizontal VOR were tested at bedside by cold-water irrigation ...
Dumitrescu Alina V - - 2011
To characterize the abnormal head posture (AHP) in children with Down syndrome (DS). The study had 3 aims: to estimate the prevalence of AHP, to describe the distribution of different causes for AHP, and to evaluate the long-term outcomes of AHP in children with DS evaluated at the University of ...
Yang Jie - - 2011
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease with a variety of clinical manifestations. Although inter-individual variations exist with respect to susceptibility to develop SLE, no study has been carried out to determine the role of different climate conditions in predisposing the susceptible individuals to SLE. The objective of ...
Rheims Sylvain - - 2011
Purpose:  Although gamma-knife radiosurgery (GKS) has proved efficacious in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), its antiepileptic mechanism of action remains elusive. Human and experimental data suggest that subnecrotic radiation-induced tissue changes might contribute to the antiepileptic effect of GKS. However, there are no data regarding the evolution of electroencephalography (EEG) activity ...
Acar Atahan - - 2011
Chitotriosidase is one of the most quantitative proteins secreted by activated macrophages, so its activity has been proposed as a biochemical marker of macrophage accumulation. The clinical importance of the chitotriosidase is still largely unknown. Our aim was to evaluate diagnostic accuracy of serum chitotriosidase activity in acute appendicitis (AA). ...
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