Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1567
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Gao Yan - - 2011
Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often associated with changes of the structure and the function of the right ventricle (RV). Therefore, the assessment of right ventricular function and myocardial mass (MM) is clinically important for the evaluation of the severity of COPD, which may provide an objective basis ...
Mousavi Tahereh - - 2011
Analysis of receptor-ligand interactions in the context of diseases necessitates to understand how HLA-KIR genotypes function in diseases. Although CD56+ lymphocytes are derived from multiple lineages, they share a functional association with immunosurviellance and antimicrobial responses. The present study aimed to determine whether KIR phenotype in CD56 lymphocytes and corresponding ...
Vardar Rukiye - - 2012
The techniques used in the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) have insufficient specificity and sensitivity in diagnosing laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and laryngological examination in the diagnosis of LPR. A total of 684 diagnosed GERD and suspected ...
Sontakke Subodh Arun - - 2011
Aim and Objective: This study was carried out with the primary aim of correlating oral changes and general changes of HIV-infected patients with their CD4 count. Materials and Methods: 124 patients were selected, and after taking their informed consent, they were subjected to detailed history taking and thorough clinical examination. ...
Jung Jong Kwon - - 2011
The authors investigated the changes of cortical sensorimotor activity in functional MRI (fMRI) and functional recovery in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients who had been treated by bone marrow cell transplantation. Nineteen patients with SCI were included in this study; ten patients with clinical improvement and nine without. The cortical ...
Bilici S - - 2011
The clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis (AA) in children is still problematic in status. To investigate the diagnostic value of mean platelet volume (MPV) in acute AA at childhood. One hundred patients diagnosed as AA patients and 100 healthy individuals. Laboratory tests were studied in the hematology laboratory of the ...
Martínez-Sánchez P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Contrast transcranial Doppler (c-TCD) has a high sensitivity for detecting right-to-left shunt (RLS), and is probably higher than transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and comparable with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of echocardiography (TTE and TEE) to detect RLS compared to c-TCD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational study of ...
Iacoviello Massimo - - 2011
AIMS: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inherited channelopathy that can be characterized by mild right ventricular (RV) abnormalities that are not detectable with conventional echocardiography. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of RV abnormalities in BrS patients when compared with controls and a group of patients ...
Grazio Simeon - - 2011
In ankylosing spondylitis, inflammatory activity probably plays a key role in the pathophysiology of bone loss. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship of bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and hip region with some measures of disease activity and functional ability in patients with ...
Girlich Christiane - - 2011
PURPOSE: In ulcerative colitis (UC), endoscopic methods are preferred for assessment of extent and activity of disease. Due to the invasive nature of endoscopical examinations, replacement by other, reliable imaging procedures would be helpful. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in combination with perfusion assessment using a specific quantification software might be such ...
Forn C - - 2011
Background/Objective: To assess whether abnormalities on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) are related to cognitive function in patients at presentation with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis. Methods: Eighteen patients with CIS and 15 healthy controls (HCs) performed an adapted fMRI version of the Paced Auditory Serial Addition ...
Undas Anetta - - 2011
Elevated factor (F)XI is associated with an increased risk for ischemic stroke. Activated FXI (FXIa) and tissue factor (TF) have not been studied following stroke. The aim of the current study was to evaluate circulating FXIa and TF in patients with prior cerebrovascular events. We studied 241 patients, including 162 ...
Malandraki Georgia A - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the utility of a pitch elevation task in the assessment of oropharyngeal dysphagia. Methods This study was a pilot prospective cohort study including forty consecutive patients (16 male and 24 female) who were referred by their physician for a swallowing ...
Matsufuji Mayumi - - 2011
Background To clarify the relationship between morphological characteristics and clinical features in epilepsy patients with unilateral hippocampal abnormality, morphological and morphometrical MR imaging studies were performed. Methods We selected a series of childhood onset epilepsy patients with unilateral hippocampal abnormality. The volume of hippocampal formation and anterior temporal lobe were ...
Mackensen Friederike - - 2011
Purpose: We aimed to review all uveitis patients with a positive Borrelia serology to evaluate positve results in uveitis subtypes. Further we wanted to test a self-assembled Interferon gamma release assay (IGRA) as a possible supplement method in these patients. Methods: Patients where serology for Borrelia was ordered from September ...
Luk W H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE. To retrospectively analyse the outcome of patients who underwent investigation by small bowel enema in a local centre. DESIGN. Case series. SETTING. Regional hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS. All patients referred for small bowel enema in a local hospital from 1 January 1999 to 31 December 2009 were identified; respective ...
Sinha Sanjib - - 2011
The authors evaluated the spectra of EEG observations in elderly patients with new onset seizures and correlated it with clinical, laboratory, and imaging findings. This prospective study involved 201 elderly individuals (age: 68.0 ± 7.5 years; male:female = 1.8:1) who manifested with new onset seizures. Data regarding clinical, laboratory, routine ...
Chandwani Briesh - - 2011
The objective of the study presented here was to examine the incidence of bruxism in patients suffering from temporomandibular disorders. Two cohorts of patients suffering from temporomandibular disorders were evaluated. One group, composed of 163 patients, was asked specifically about the occurrence of bruxism, while the other group, composed of ...
Lellouche Nicolas - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion (PE) can occur during or after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation, and may induce atrial arrhythmia. AIM: To characterize the impact of PE on arrhythmia recurrences following AF ablation. METHODS: Patients referred for a first radiofrequency AF ablation were studied prospectively. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed before and 24h ...
Jinabhai Amit - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to obtain intraocular forward light scatter (FLS) data in keratoconus patients and to explore possible relationships with contrast sensitivity. METHOD: Intraocular straylight was assessed in the right eye of 10 visually-normal subjects (31±5 years) and 5 keratoconus patients (34±9 years) using the van ...
Katsumata Yasuhiro - - 2011
Several studies have shown that anti-C1q antibodies correlate with the occurrence and activity of nephritis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the significance of anti-C1q antibodies in SLE has not been fully characterized. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between anti-C1q antibodies and clinical and serologic parameters ...
Chiu Yu-Ting - - 2011
Initial cleft severity in patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) varies. This is reflected in the sizes of the cleft and the palate. The purpose of this retrospective study was to establish whether there is a relationship between cleft severity at birth and growth of the maxilla. ...
Shaikh Ayaz Hussain - - 2011
To determine the correlation of Duke treadmill score (DTS) with gated single photon emission computed tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) in patients evaluated for chest pain. A retrospective study was conducted at Tabba Heart institute. Two hundred consecutive patients, referred to the nuclear cardiology laboratory for evaluation of chest pain by ...
Lin Zhiyue - - 2011
Our primary goals were to investigate the effects of two-channel gastric pacing on gastric myoelectrical activity, and energy consumption with the secondary intent to monitor gastric emptying and symptoms in patients with severe diabetic gastroparesis. Four pairs of temporary pacing wires were inserted on the serosa of the stomach at ...
Watanabe Tsuneo - - 2011
This study aimed to compare the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of three-dimensional (3D) and two-dimensional (2D) power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS) and to assess the relationship between 3D PDUS and clinical parameters in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Bilateral second/third metacarpophalangeal joints and second/third proximal interphalangeal joints in 33 patients were ...
Gwak Ho-Shin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The Ommaya reservoir for intraventricular chemotherapy of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC) patients has been reported to have some complications. We introduced a Chemoport reservoir, with a solid non-collapsible, high-profile chamber as a the replacement for the Ommaya reservoir in LMC patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of Chemoport as an ...
Aletaha Daniel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be measured clinically (eg, swollen joint count (SJC)) or systemically (eg, C reactive protein (CRP)). In general, both contribute to the progression of joint damage, but the relevance of residual inflammation in patients near remission is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the independent ...
Chatzikonstantinou Anastasios - - 2011
We analyzed the phenomenon of transient regional diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) hyperintensity in a series of status epilepticus (SE) patients with respect to seizure type, epileptogenic lesions and EEG findings. A prospective series of 54 patients (30 men, 24 women, mean age 61.5 years) admitted with SE was analyzed with regard ...
Le Moli Rosario - - 2011
Background and Objective. Both extraocular muscle (EOM) and orbital fat are involved in Graves' orbitopathy (GO) but their enlargement might occur with a different temporal pattern. Two GO subtypes have been described, one with predominant EOM enlargement and the other with prevalent fat tissue involvement. We longitudinally investigated the EOM ...
Zahra S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Gynaecological cancer is common. It is highly amenable to effective treatment, but thrombosis remains a common complication. There is controversy about whether microparticles (MPs), particularly tissue factor (TF) positive MPs, are increased in patients with malignancy and/or thrombosis. We therefore set out to investigate the relationship between MPs of ...
Desai Jay D - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA) has been studied extensively in adults but published literature about its clinical correlates in children and adolescents is comparatively limited. AIMS: This study was performed to find more evidence regarding the clinical significance of this electrographic pattern in the pediatric population. METHODS: All ...
Taylan Ali - - 2011
To evaluate the T helper 17 (Th17) axis and its relation to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha blockage and disease activity in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The study included 127 AS patients (100M/27F) and 38 (27M/11F) controls. Spinal mobility was assessed by the bath ankylosing spondylitis metrology index (BASMI). Patients were ...
Chen Jan-Yow - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Anatomic characteristics of the cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) have been reported to be related to the outcome of atrial flutter ablation therapy. However, preprocedural evaluation of CTI anatomy using modified transthoracic echocardiography to guide atrial flutter ablation has not been well described. METHODS: Transthoracic echocardiography was prospectively performed before atrial ...
Bowyer Annette E - - 2011
Haemophilia A is caused by a reduction in clotting factor VIII (FVIII). FVIII coagulant activity (FVIII:C) can be measured by three methods; the one-stage activated partial thromboplastin time-based clotting assay, the two-stage Xa generation-based clotting assay and the chromogenic Xa generation-based assay. The FVIII:C of most patients with haemophilia A ...
Rizwan Khan Muhammad - - 2011
The gallbladder specimens of patients who underwent cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones between 2003 and 2005 were evaluated for the presence of Intestinal Metaplasia. (IM) and its risk factors. IM was positive in 39% of 293 patients tested, and in the comparative analysis of 114 metaplasia positive versus 179 negative patients, ...
Dolezal Jiri - - 2011
Aim: To present our experience with the detection of bleeding in the small intestine by means of scintigraphy with in vivo-labelled red blood cells (RBCs) in the period of 1998-2009. Materials and Methods: A 12-year prospective study was accomplished with 40 patients (23 men, 17 women, aged 12-91, mean 56 ...
Carrat Pierluigi - - 2011
Abstract Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that rapidly involves the respiratory system, leading to persistent respiratory insufficiency. Neuromuscular respiratory weakness is also responsible for sleep disordered breathing (SDB), which occurs at an early stage of ALS. Maximal sniff nasal-inspiratory pressure (SNIP) is a sensitive test to early ...
Giannetti Alexandre Varella - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to evaluate the existence of anatomic abnormalities in the skull base that could contribute to the origin of primary spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks (PSL). METHODS: Twenty PSL patients were compared with 20 healthy individuals. The following features were measured through an analysis of computed tomography scans: ...
Chau T N - - 2011
Background and Aim: Our study aimed to compare the performance of faecal α(1)-antitrypsin clearance (AATC) and radiolabelled human serum albumin (HSA) scintigraphy in protein-losing enteropathy (PLE). Methods: Patients studied by both AATC and technetium-99m ((99m)Tc)-labelled HSA scintigraphy were recruited and categorized into PLE and non-PLE groups based on clinical and ...
Grayburn Paul A - - 2011
Percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip has been shown to decrease mitral regurgitation (MR) severity, left ventricular volumes, and functional class in patients with severe (3+ or 4+) MR. Determination of which patients are optimal candidates for MitraClip therapy versus surgery has not been rigorously evaluated. Transesophageal echocardiography was ...
Manganotti P - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) activation during somatosensory electrical stimulation of the median nerve in acute stroke patients and to determine its correlation with ischemic damage and clinical recovery over time. METHODS: Fourteen acute stroke patients underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during contralesional median-nerve electrical stimulation 12-48h ...
Bossenbroek Linda - - 2011
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often limited in their daily physical activity. However, the level, type and intensity of daily physical activity are not known, nor there is a clear insight in the contributing factors. The aim of this review is to describe daily physical activity of ...
Gumus Seyfettin - - 2011
Abstract Aim. To investigate serum prolidase activity (SPA) in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Material and methods. Twenty-nine PTB patients and 32 controls were included in the study. PTB patients (cavitary and non-cavitary) and controls were compared in terms of mean SPA. Correlations were evaluated between SPA and acute phase ...
Agrama Mark T - - 2011
The author conducted a retrospective study of 8 adults with euthyroid goiter that had resulted in tracheal compression and led to moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of thyroidectomy on the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) in these patients and to ...
De Stefano Alessandro - - 2011
An important component of management of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) has been the application of postural restrictions after use of a canalith repositioning maneuver (CRM) to prevent the return of otolithic debris into the posterior semicircular canal (PSC). This study was designed to explore the effectiveness of postural restrictions ...
Akçay Adnan Burak - - 2011
We investigated the correlation of serum paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) activity with coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The study included 21 patients (mean age 55±9 years) with MetS, stable angina pectoris, and angiographically shown CAD, 24 patients (mean age 51±10 years) with MetS and angiographically normal coroner ...
Ashraf M J - - 2011
Actinomycosis of the tonsils has been reported in a variable percentage of tonsil specimens by other authors. This study determines the incidence of actinomyces in the palatine tonsil and evaluates the clinical diagnoses and histopathological features of tonsillectomy specimens. In a retrospective study, 204 patients who had undergone tonsillectomy for ...
Gencer Mehmet - - 2011
To investigate the F wave parameters (F duration, F minimum latency, F maximum latency, F mean latency, F chronodispersion, and F persistence) of the tibial nerve with unilateral S1 radiculopathy. We evaluated the differences of these parameters between the affected and unaffected sides and also with the control group. The ...
Vázquez-Rodríguez Juan Gustavo - - 2011
Capillary leak with pleural effusion and/or ascites in severe preeclampsia (SP) may be a reason for low plasma colloid osmotic pressure (PCOP) and deterioration of renal filtration function. The objective of this study was to report the frequency of pleural effusion and/or ascites in patients with SP and to compare ...
Sener Sevgi - - 2011
To investigate the relationship between different clinical findings and condyle position. Tenderness on masseter (MM), temporal (TM), lateral pyterigoid (LPM), medial pyterigoid (MPM) and posterior cervical (PSM) muscles, limitation, deviation and deflection in opening of mouth, clicking, crepitating, tenderness on lateral palpation of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) area for each side ...
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