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Genebriera J - - 2012
Background.  Erythromelalgia is a rare disorder characterized by the clinical syndrome of burning pain, warmth and redness of the limbs. Neurological abnormalities (both large- and small-fibre neuropathy) are common. There have been few published reports on the sensory status of patients with erythromelalgia. Aim.  To investigate the results of quantitative ...
Hayakawa Mineji - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: We hypothesized that thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) and the activation of fibrinolysis by both plasmin and neutrophil elastase is insufficient to overcome fibrinolytic shutdown, contributing to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients with sepsis were prospectively enrolled. The ...
Russo Antonio - - 2012
We explored the functional pattern of the pain-processing network in patients with migraine, in the interictal periods, during trigeminal noxious stimulation. Contact heat evoked potential stimulation induced thermal pain and functional magnetic resonance imaging were used to measure whole-brain activation in 16 patients with episodic migraine without aura and 16 ...
Molina Rueda F - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: As a result of the neurophysiological injury, stroke patients have mobility limitations, mainly on the side of the body contralateral to the lesioned hemisphere. The purpose of this study is to quantify motor compensation strategies in stroke patients during the activity of drinking water from a glass. MATERIAL AND ...
Smith Libby J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Quantitative laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) using turns analysis can differentiate acute vocal fold paralysis from normal controls. The objective of this study is to determine if using both traditional qualitative LEMG measurements in addition to turns analysis improves prognostic accuracy in patients with acute vocal fold paralysis who demonstrate voluntary ...
de Witte P B - - 2012
The incidence of (a)symptomatic rotator cuff tears is high, but etiologic mechanisms are unclear and treatment outcomes vary. A practical tool providing objective outcome measures and insight into etiology and potential patient subgroups is desirable. Symptomatic cuff tears coincide with humerus cranialization. Adductor co-activation during active arm abduction has been ...
Holmegard Haya N - - 2012
Objective. To improve the pathophysiological understanding of cardioinhibitory and vasodepressor reflex syncope, by evaluating orthostatic effects on electrical and hemodynamic variables. To unravel the pathogeneses further, we studied these effects during both the passive head-up tilt test and the active standing test. Background. The current knowledge of the compromised autonomic ...
Haga Hans-Jacob - - 2012
To examine the prevalence of sicca symptoms and secondary Sjögren's syndrome (sSS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and the impact of sSS on disease activity and treatment profile in RA patients. Three hundred and seven RA patients responding positive to at least one of the questions in a questionnaire about ...
Schwabova J - - 2012
Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) and spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA 2) are among the most commonly diagnosed hereditary ataxias in Czech Republic. Although criteria differentiate the ataxias, disorder onset symptoms may be similar. Our goal was to determine whether and to what degree of validity posturographic examination may be utilized, with ...
Peyvandi F - - 2012
Background: The European Network of Rare Bleeding Disorders (EN-RBD) was established to bridge the gap between knowledge and practice in the care of patients with RBDs. Objectives: To explore the relationship between coagulation factor activity level and bleeding severity in patients with RBDs. Patients/Methods: Cross-sectional study using data from 489 ...
Mohamed Enass S - - 2012
Objectives: Vertigo can be a manifestation of underlying vertebrobasilar stroke in older adults. The study objectives were to investigate the correlation, sensitivity, and specificity of the auditory brainstem response (ABR), electronystagmorgraphy (ENG), and transcranial Doppler (TCD) collectively to distinguish between vertigo due to vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI) and vertigo due to ...
Kallmünzer Bernd - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Anticoagulation is a highly effective secondary prevention in patients with cardioembolic stroke and atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF). However, the condition remains underdiagnosed, because paroxysmal AF may be missed by diagnostic tests in the acute phase. In this study, the sensitivity of AF detection was assessed for serial electrocardiographic ...
Milic Vera - - 2012
Objective. To test the diagnostic accuracy of modified American-European classification criteria (AEC) for primary SS (pSS) by replacing sialoscintigraphy (sSC) with ultrasonography of the major salivary glands.Methods. One hundred and ninety subjects were evaluated for the diagnosis of pSS, including US of the salivary glands. We tested the diagnostic accuracy ...
Otomo Kotaro - - 2012
To define the antiphospholipid score (aPL-S) by testing multiple antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) and to evaluate its efficacy for the diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and predictive value for thrombosis. This study comprised 2 independent sets of patients with autoimmune diseases. In the first set of patients (n = 233), the ...
Zheng Jinou - - 2012
Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) often suffer from cognitive deficits. However, it remains elusive whether the performance of TLE patients in the attentional networks test (ANT) is impaired. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can accurately reflect the hemodynamics and functional activities in certain regions of the brain. In the ...
Silva Tânia Lúcia de Oliveira - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the alveolar bone density (ABD) in the upper first molars of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and to compare their ABD with that of healthy controls. Secondary objectives included the evaluation of the influence of medication and rheumatic disease activity on ABD, in addition to the ...
Mavili Ertugrul - - 2012
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between clinical presentation and the extent of cortical involvement in patients with polymicrogyria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The magnetic resonance imaging findings of 26 patients were evaluated for the location and distribution of polymicrogyria. Presence of asphyxia at birth and ...
Hashizume Keiji - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. A retrospective observational study.Objective. To investigate the traumatic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak in whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) by comparing RI-cisternography (RIC) and CT-myelography (CTM) findings.Summary of Background Data. WAD has been considered to be caused by traumatic CSF leak and termed as traumatic CSF hypovolemia (TCH). Several studies ...
Polat Muzaffer M Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Celal Bayar University Hospital, Manisa, Turkey. - - 2012
This study aimed to explore cognitive functions in patients with childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms (CEOP) and to compare the performance of these patients with that of patients with symptomatic occipital epilepsy (SOE) and healthy control subjects. Twenty-eight patients with epilepsy (17 CEOP, 11 SOE) were enrolled. The control group ...
Latief Benny S BS Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, - - 2012
Patients with cleft left lip and palate (CLP) normally require extensive surgery from an early age up to the end of adolescence. These surgeries affect the growth of the maxillofacial complex. The degree to which the cleft itself affects growth of the maxillofacial complex remains poorly understood. By analysing the ...
Alameddine Abdallah K - - 2012
Proof of a causal relationship between a patent fossa ovale and cryptogenic stroke has been controversial (Yasaka et al, Intern Med 2005;44:434-8). The authors identified 1 patient in whom the presence of a large migrating thrombus through a moderate-size patent fossa ovale was caught "en flagrant délit," which suggests a ...
Penaloza A - - 2012
Background: If the prevalence of pulmonary embolism (PE) differs significantly between U.S and Europe this observation could reduce the generalizability of diagnostic protocols for PE derived in either location. Objective: To determine possible causes and potential clinical consequences of these PE prevalence differences. Methods: Secondary analysis of three prospectively collected ...
Przespo Eugene - - 2012
Purpose The case of a patient who developed thrombosis after receiving a single dose of romiplostim is reported. Summary A 63-year-old, 76-kg Caucasian man arrived at our clinic complaining of right-lower-extremity edema and redness. The patient had a complicated cardiac history, including two coronary artery bypass grafts and five percutaneous ...
Liepert Joachim - - 2012
BACKGROUND: . Motor imagery (MI) is increasingly recognized as a treatment option after stroke, but not all stroke patients are able to perform MI. OBJECTIVE: . To examine if severe somatosensory deficits would affect MI ability. METHODS: . The Box and Block Test (BBT) was used to evaluate mental chronometry ...
Votava Felix - - 2012
The aims were to summarize the experience and to determine the performance metrics of newborn screening (NBS) for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) in the Czech Republic. 17-Hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) was measured in NBS samples prospectively in 545,026 newborns and retrospectively in 31 CAH patients born outside the study period. A total ...
Seravalle G - - 2012
Objective:  Sympathovagal imbalance has been shown in acromegaly by indirect measurements of adrenergic tone. Data regarding direct measurement of sympathetic activity are lacking as yet. Aim of this study was to assess the adrenergic tone through direct recording of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in acromegalic patients Design:  Fifteen patients ...
Piancino Maria Grazia - - 2012
Different studies have indicated, in open bite patients, that masticatory muscles tend to generate a small maximum bite force and to show a reduced cross-sectional area with a lower EMG activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the kinematics parameters of the chewing cycles and the activation of ...
Wiedemann A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract symptoms are an underestimated problem in multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: Hundred urodynamics of MS patients have been evaluated prospectively. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: In an inpatient rehabilitation, all persons with MS who also suffered from urinary tract symptoms received a voiding diary, post-void sonography and an urodynamic ...
Ones T - - 2012
PURPOSE: The relationship between the initial mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score and cerebral perfusion was evaluated in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: In the study single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images of the brains of 40 AD patients were compared with the brain scans of 10 healthy controls. ...
Boom J - - 2012
The objective is to evaluate different methods to assess nerve echogenicity in a quantitative way by comparing a group of patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) and a healthy control group, subsequently selecting the best tests for quantitative assessment of nerve echogenicity. We included 56 patients with UNE ...
Khakshoor H - - 2012
In Chaharborj, a village in north-eastern ofthe Islamic Republic of Iran, a high prevalence of congenital blindness (1.1%) has been reported. The clinical findings have not been fully described. We therefore assessed the clinical aspects of this condition in a case series of 20 congenitally blind patients and 24 of ...
Dymek Andrzej - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: In 2006 The Global Consensus Group in Montreal pointed out that chronic laryngitis is highly associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the frequency of LPR in a selected group of patients with chronic hoarseness. We were also interested in assessment of the relationship ...
Plasqui G - - 2012
Patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are at risk for accelerated muscle loss and reduced physical activity. Accurate data are needed on body composition and physical activity in this patient group. The purpose of this study was to investigate body composition and objectively assessed physical activity in patients with AS. Twenty-five ...
Torres Gabriel F - - 2012
To devise and test the reliability and validity of a brief headache diary in a series of Colombian patients with chronic daily headache. The study was designed in five stages: selection of domains (group of patients and experts); initial devising of the items (writing group); identification of non-understandable items (n=20); ...
Chen Yanwei - - 2012
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) is an enzyme that regulates chromatin structure and inflammatory gene expression. In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), while accumulating evidence indicates that the activity of HDAC is decreased in lung tissue alveolar macrophages, HDAC activity in peripheral inflammatory cells has not yet been evaluated in ...
Kanda Masae - - 2012
Objective The quantification of physical activity is useful for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but has not been fully established yet. The DynaPort Activity Monitor(®) (DAM), a triaxial accelerometer is the only well validated accelerometer in Caucasians but it has not been validated in Japanese COPD patients. ...
Kohli-Kochhar R - - 2012
CK-MB activity levels can be falsely elevated by the presence of macro CK, especially if immune-inhibition assays are used in the measurement. In patients with macro CK and cardiac pathology that could result in an elevated CK-MB activity, the diagnostic challenge lies in determining the true cause of the elevated ...
Casigliani Rabl S - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate response to therapy in 73 patients affected by systemic sclerosis (SSc) who underwent long-term cyclic treatment with intravenous iloprost for peripheral vascular involvement (average duration of treatment 54.12±41.04 months). Seventy-three SSc patients were enrolled. Data were collected by reviewing clinical ...
Graziano Amy B - - 2012
Hermann Oppenheim was influential in many areas of neurology, but his ideas about music are relatively unknown. In 1888, he published a paper that outlined how the assessment of music skills in patients with aphasia could lead to a better understanding of aphasia and language. Oppenheim conducted the first comprehensive ...
Merrill Kimberly S - - 2012
Introduction and Purpose Aniridia is a panocular disorder with variable expressivity, caused by PAX6 mutations. Foveal hypoplasia and nystagmus occur in both aniridia and albinism. Individuals with albinism have a moderately positive angle kappa. This study evaluates the angle kappa in individuals with aniridia. Patients and Method: We performed a ...
Chong Ari - - 2012
Per-rectal portal scintigraphy is an easy and noninvasive method for assessing the status of a portosystemic shunt. This approach is typically used for determining shunt index in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension. We report a case where per-rectal portal scintigraphy proved useful for quantitative evaluation of portosystemic shunt after incomplete ...
Nasrallah Fahmi - - 2012
Guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency is a recently described disorder and few cases have been reported to date. As it is a treatable pathology, we seek to contribute to its better understanding, particularly to further elucidate its biochemical diagnosis for early treatment. The patients, two brothers aged 13 years (P1) and ...
Azfar Shah Farhan - - 2012
The etiology and pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus remains unknown, evidence exists for the involvement of mycobacterial antigen. This study is aimed to determine the effect of Mycobacterium tuberculosis on clinical course of SLE patients and the role of ROS and TNF-α in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis associated SLE patients. ...
Torabinejad S - - 2012
The purpose of this investigation was to assess the correlation of two biomarkers with the occurrence of renal flares in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Urine levels of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) were measured at baseline, and at two and four months in five groups ...
Yáñez-Vico Rosa-María - - 2012
Using reconstructed three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) models, the purpose of this study was to analyze and compare mandibular condyle morphology in patients with and without temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Thirty-two patients were divided into two groups: the first comprised those with TMD (n=18), and the second those who did not have ...
Radner Helga - - 2012
To determine the validity and reliability of patients' self-performed joint counts compared to joint counts by professional assessors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in different disease activity states. In patients with established RA we determined the inter-rater reliability of joint counts performed by an independent evaluator and the patient using ...
Kojuri Javad - - 2012
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although autopsy studies have documented that the heart is affected in most SLE patients, clinical manifestations occur in less than 10%. QT dispersion is a new parameter that can be used to assess homogeneity of cardiac repolarization and ...
Matsumoto Masanori - - 2012
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a type of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). Studies report that the majority of TTP patients present with a deficiency of ADAMTS13 activity. In a database of TMA patients in Japan identified between 1998 and 2008, 186 patients with first onset of acquired idiopathic (ai) ADAMTS13-deficient TTP ...
Kettunen J E - - 2012
Visual neglect (VN) is a common consequence of right hemisphere (RH) stroke. The aims of this study were to explore the presence of VN after RH stroke in the patients with (T+) or without (T-) thrombolytic treatment, and to determine whether thrombolysis is a predictor of VN. The study group ...
Liu Han - - 2012
For prostate cancer radiotherapy, the interfractional organ motion can have several forms: changes in position, shape, and volume. The interfractional motion can be managed through either online or offline image guidance (IG). The position changes are commonly corrected through online IG by correcting couch position at each treatment fraction, while ...
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