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Results 101 - 150 of 1560
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Kır Gozde - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of this study was to compare the relative frequencies of endocervical glandular involvement (EGI), multicentricity, positive endocervical surgical margins (ESM) and positive vaginal surgical margins (VSM), and adenocarcinoma in situ of the cervix (AIS) between high-grade and low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL and LSIL, respectively). Material and ...
Moon Juhi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare physical activity levels and dietary choices of patients who have chronic hepatitis C (CHC) with those of blood donors (BDs). DESIGN: A prospective survey. SETTING: A liver disease treatment center and a blood donor center from a nonprofit health system. PATIENTS: A total of 149 subjects (93 ...
Telman Gregory - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The nature of microembolic signals (MES) in patients without apparent sources of embolism remains elusive. We hypothesize that MES in acute stroke patients without an embolic source may represent a transient phenomenon related to blood rheology or clot dissolving, in which case the characteristics of such MES would differ ...
Szczeklik Katarzyna - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Crohn's disease (CD) involves the entire gastrointestinal tract, including the mouth. Many cytokines play the role in regulation of inflammatory process in CD. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examined the prevalence of the oral lesions in adult patients with CD and to investigate whether salivary concentrations of IL-1beta, ...
Khan Nasim Ahmed NA Division of Rheumatology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 West Markham Street, # 509, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. - - 2012
To assess (A) determinants of patient's global assessment of disease activity (PTGL) and patient's assessment of general health (GH) scores of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients; (B) whether they are equivalent as individual variables; and (C) whether they may be used interchangeably in calculating common RA activity assessment composite indices. Data ...
Krag Aleksander A Gastrounit, Medical Devision 360, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Faculty of Health Sciences, Copenhagen University, DK-2650 Hvidovre, Denmark. - - 2012
To test the efficacy and safety of Profermin(®) in inducing remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC). The study included 39 patients with mild to moderate UC defined as a Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index (SCCAI) > 4 and < 12 (median: 7.5), who were treated open-label with Profermin(®) ...
Banks Laura - - 2012
Background/Methods. We sought to determine functional health status and physical activity determinants in 27 patients with Kawasaki disease (KD; 20 males, 11 ± 3 years old). Patient physical activity data were compared with a population-based study of healthy children (Canadian Health Measures Survey). Results. KD patients performed less moderate-to-vigorous physical ...
Soroida Yoko - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mitochondrial isoenzyme of creatine kinase (MtCK) is reportedly highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Clinical relevance of serum MtCK activity in patients with HCC was assessed using a novel immuno-inhibition method. METHODS: Among patients with cirrhosis caused by hepatitis B or C virus, 147 patients with HCC ...
Gökaslan Filiz - - 2012
Antenatal hydronephrosis (AHN), defined as dilatation of renal pelvis and/or calyces, is the most frequently detected antenatal abnormality. However, postnatal management of AHN is controversial. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical outcomes of infants with AHN and to contribute to the definition of the postnatal evaluation ...
Remedios Carlyne - - 2012
Hyperuricemia is known to be associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of hyperuricemia in the Indian obese population and to determine if a correlation exists between hyperuricemia, body mass index, waist circumference and components of metabolic syndrome. This was a ...
Sharkey Katherine M - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate associations between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity and self-reported sleepiness and daytime functioning in patients considering bariatric surgery for treatment of obesity. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort design, we identified 342 patients who had sleep evaluations prior to bariatric surgery. Our ...
Wozniak Miranda - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Octaplex®, a six factor prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC), has recently been approved for use in Canada. The optimal dose of Octaplex has yet to be established and our study was designed to monitor the efficacy of a low standard dose. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients on warfarin treatment in ...
Karakoc Omer - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the relationship between the Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI) and upper airway examination findings of habitual snorers and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. Materials and Methods: This study included 264 patients whose tonsils were evaluated in 4 grades. The Mallampati classification was used to determine the relationship between ...
Kwok K Y - - 2012
OBJECTIVE. To evaluate disease activity in early rheumatoid arthritis patients in daily practice 1 year after applying a tight control treatment strategy aimed at lowering disease activity (Disease Activity Score 28, ≤3.2). DESIGN. Single-arm open trial with historical controls. SETTING. Regional hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS. All new rheumatoid arthritis patients ...
Cylwik B - - 2012
The aim of this study was to estimate the serum concentration of carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the relationship between the CDT level and disease activity in RA patients. Studies were carried out in 47 female patients with RA and 32 healthy women. Disease activity of RA ...
Wardi Joram - - 2012
: Before the development of efficient medications for peptic ulcer disease many patients were treated surgically by partial gastrectomy. The pathogenetic role of Helicobacter pylori was also not known yet. Some of these patients may therefore still harbor H. pylori in their remnant stomach as a carcinogenic agent for gastric ...
Kim Hyung Kuk - - 2012
To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of peripheral neuropathy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with leflunomide (LEF) by quantitative sensory testing (QST). A total of 94 patients were enrolledin this study, out of which 47 patients received LEF. The other 47 patients received alternative disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs ...
Krisjane Z - - 2012
Osteoarthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can be described as non-inflammatory arthritic condition that results in degenerative changes of the joint structures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the skeletal morphology of the TMJ in patients with osteoarthritis with severe skeletal malocclusions (Class II and Class III) and ...
Leng Theodore - - 2012
PURPOSE: To describe a distinctive foveal cavitation as seen by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in certain cone dysfunction syndromes. METHODS: Observational case series. Patients were evaluated by dilated fundus examination, fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, full-field electroretinogram, multifocal electroretinogram, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, color vision testing, fluorescein angiography, Goldmann visual field ...
Kamm Christian P - - 2012
Kamm CP, Heldner MR, Vanbellingen T, Mattle HP, Müri R, Bohlhalter S. Limb apraxia in multiple sclerosis: prevalence and impact on manual dexterity and activities of daily living. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and impact of limb apraxia on manual dexterity and activities of daily living (ADLs) in patients with ...
Sonomura Tetsuo T Department of Radiology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama 641-8510, Japan. - - 2012
To evaluate the usefulness of the microcatheter techniques in balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) of gastric varices. Fifty-six patients with gastric varices underwent BRTOs using microcatheters. A balloon catheter was inserted into gastrorenal or gastrocaval shunts. A microcatheter was navigated close to the varices, and sclerosant was injected into the ...
Altunay Ilknur - - 2012
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a vascular neoplasm with multicentric cutanenous and extracutaneous involvements, which was first described by Moriz Kaposi in 1872. Since then, different epidemiological clinical and histopathological variants of this neoplasm have been identified. Classic Kaposi sarcoma (CKS) is one of four main clinico-epidemiologiologic variants. characteristics of the ...
Winston Carla A - - 2012
In public health and medical research, ratio measures of percent change relative to baseline are often used to express a change in disease incidence. Estimating variance becomes more complex when the comparison is to an expectation based on previous data (E), rather than to an observed value (O). In 2009, ...
Ansari Noureddin Nakhostin - - 2012
Purpose: Development of the Persian version of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS), and to investigate the interrater and intrarater reliability of the Persian MMAS when used to quantify elbow flexor spasticity in patients after stroke. Methods: The Persian MMAS was developed by the forward and backward translation procedure, a ...
Kusaba Gaku - - 2012
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is characterized by mesangial cell proliferation and mesangial expansion with mesangial depositions of IgA. We have found that electron-dense deposits (EDD) are often observed in areas other than paramesangial areas in glomeruli. To compare electron microscopic findings with light microscopic findings and clinical data, we examined ...
Moskowitz Anne - - 2012
The antiepileptic drug vigabatrin is known to cause retinal and visual dysfunction, particularly visual field defects, in some patients. Electroretinography (ERG) is used in an attempt to identify adverse effects of vigabatrin (VGB) in patients who are not candidates for conventional perimetry. We report data from 114 pediatric patients taking ...
Alkan Zeynep - - 2012
Objective. To analyze the grade of reflux and the behavior of the cricopharyngeal muscle (CPM) in patients with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) by means of electromyographic (EMG) analysis of CPM.Study Design. Prospective clinical study.Setting. Istanbul Training and Research Hospital.Subject and Methods. Motor unit potential (MUP) recordings and kinesiological recordings of CPM ...
Găloiu S S "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Endocrinology, Bucharest, - - 2012
Vascular changes are common in acromegaly (ACM). Current therapies can normalise the levels of both growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF1). To establish whether the ACM vascular changes in patients with effectively managed disease are different from those in patients with an active condition. 64 ACM patients were ...
Vardeny Orly - - 2012
Hypothesis/ INTRODUCTION: We investigated whether diabetes modified the effectiveness of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibition on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) regression in hypertensive patients in the Aliskiren in Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (ALLAY) trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (n=465) with LVH and a BMI > 25 kg/m(2) were randomized to aliskiren 300mg, ...
Schulze Johannes - - 2012
RATIONALE FOR THE STUDY: Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) often presents with dramatic and abrupt symptoms. To diagnose VCD, visualization by direct laryngoscopy is required and because patients are usually asymptomatic, a specific method to provoke VCD is needed. Approaches to predict VCD by alterations of the flow-volume loop have been ...
Dalgas Ulrik - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between a short walking test and a long walking test in patients with walking disability due to multiple sclerosis (MS) or stroke. Cross-sectional observational study. University hospital and sport science department. Patients with MS (n=38), patients with stroke (n=48), and healthy subjects (n=46). Patients were participants ...
Gazioglu Sibel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) are thought to provide useful information about brainstem functions, as the neural pathways of both ocular and cervical VEMPs pass through the brainstem. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical value of ocular and cervical VEMP tests in the evaluation of ...
Dellalibera-Joviliano Renata - - 2012
The pathogenic mechanisms of thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) are not entirely known and the imbalance of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) plays a role in vascular diseases. We evaluated the MMP-2 and MMP-9 circulating levels and their endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1 and TIMP-2) in TAO patients with clinical manifestations. The study ...
Capitanini Alessandro - - 2012
This cross-sectional case-control study evaluated upper limb muscle strength and shoulder mobility in hemodialysis (HD) patients with arteriovenous fistula or graft. Twenty-five adult patients on thrice-a-week HD treatment for 6 months at least, were selected for the study. In all the patients and control subjects, handgrip tests and tests of range ...
Monteiro Fabiane - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in body composition between physically active and inactive patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the relationship of obesity [according to body mass index (BMI) and percentage of fat mass (%FM)] with physical activity in the daily life ...
Schapiro Robert - - 2012
Background: Awake craniotomy with cortical stimulation is the standard for language mapping in patients with tumors near or within the language cortex. Reliable identification of the speech cortex is difficult, however, and adjunctive pre- and intraoperative techniques have inconsistent reliability. Objectives: We describe a technique based on direct cortical stimulation ...
Suzuki K - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Acute SAH is reportedly associated with rebleeding from aneurysms, and recent advances in imaging technology allow us to visualize active bleeding in SAH cases. This study aimed to retrospectively investigate the incidence and characteristics of active bleeding in patients with spontaneous SAH by using multiphase dynamic-enhanced CT.MATERIALS AND ...
Kuntjoro I - - 2012
Electrocardiography (ECG) is a useful, quick and widely available tool to confirm the suspicion of, as well as diagnose hypokalaemia and hyperkalaemia. Different ECG changes can be seen with different levels and acuity of changes.
Kiyohara Hideyuki - - 2012
Precise assessment of the risk of aspiration is critical in older patients with a history of pneumonia. However, the currently popular videofluoroscopic and videoendoscopic examinations of swallowing only evaluate volitional swallowing. A method for quantitative analysis of reflexive swallowing is not yet available. We evaluated volitional swallowing in the sitting ...
Capozzoli Giuseppe - - 2012
Background: Intra-cavitary electrocardiography (ECG) is a well-known method for correct positioning of the tip of central venous catheters (CVC). A significant increase in the P wave, as registered by the intra-cavitary electrode, signals the entrance of the catheter into the right atrium. Methods: In this prospective observational study, 155 consecutive ...
Ortolan Sladana Milardović - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess and observe the oral hygiene and gingival condition in patients before and after fixed prosthodontic therapy through a 12-month period in combination with oral hygiene instructions. It was also analysed how factors, such as type of fixed prosthodontic appliance, constructive material, the ...
Wu T - - 2012
It is difficult to determine the safe timing of weight-bearing or reconstructive surgery in patients with Charcot arthropathy of the foot and ankle. In this study the Doppler spectrum of the first dorsal metatarsal artery was used to monitor the activity of the disease activity and served as a guideline ...
Khadadah Mousa - - 2012
High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) can detect the structural abnormalities in asthma. This study attempts to correlate these abnormalities with clinical and pulmonary function test (PFT) data. Consecutive stable asthma patients attending Mubarak Al Kabeer Hospital, Kuwait, were subjected to HRCT during a six month period from July 2004 to December ...
Pongpaibul Ananya - - 2012
De novo autoimmune hepatitis (d-AIH) is a well-recognized complication of pediatric liver transplantation (LTx). The diagnosis is largely based on elevated liver function tests (LFTs) and the development of autoimmune antibodies (a-Abs). The histology of d-AIH was first described in 1998. We present detailed histologic data from the largest series ...
Réti M - - 2012
Background: Ultra-large von-Willebrand-factor and deficiency of its cleaving protease are important factors in the events leading to thrombotic microangiopathy, however, mechanisms involved are only partly understood. Whereas pathological activation of the alternative complement pathway is linked to atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome, the role of complement activation in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) ...
Tangerman A - - 2012
There is disagreement about a possible relationship between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and objective halitosis, as established by volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) in the breath. Many studies related to H. pylori used self-reported halitosis, a subjective and unreliable method to detect halitosis. In this study a possible relation between ...
Chini Payam - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To investigate the effect of azithromycin (AZI) on small bowel activity in patients with gastrointestinal dysmotility (GID). Material and methods. Manometric data on a consecutive series of 21 patients was reviewed. Only those patients with gastroparesis and small bowel dysmotility as defined by antroduodenal manometric criteria were included. ...
Genebriera J - - 2012
Background.  Erythromelalgia is a rare disorder characterized by the clinical syndrome of burning pain, warmth and redness of the limbs. Neurological abnormalities (both large- and small-fibre neuropathy) are common. There have been few published reports on the sensory status of patients with erythromelalgia. Aim.  To investigate the results of quantitative ...
Hayakawa Mineji - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: We hypothesized that thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) and the activation of fibrinolysis by both plasmin and neutrophil elastase is insufficient to overcome fibrinolytic shutdown, contributing to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients with sepsis were prospectively enrolled. The ...
Russo Antonio - - 2012
We explored the functional pattern of the pain-processing network in patients with migraine, in the interictal periods, during trigeminal noxious stimulation. Contact heat evoked potential stimulation induced thermal pain and functional magnetic resonance imaging were used to measure whole-brain activation in 16 patients with episodic migraine without aura and 16 ...
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