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Clark P J - - 2008
Acute eosinophilic enteritis is a difficult diagnosis to make. Insufficient consideration of eosinophilia may commit patients to surgical treatment when medical therapy may be appropriate. The aim of the study was to determine whether the eosinophil count was considered in the diagnostic evaluation of patients presenting with acute abdominal pain ...
Fox J Christian - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of emergency physicians using bedside ultrasound to detect appendicitis (BUSA). METHODS: Patients presenting to the emergency department with a clinical suspicion of appendicitis were prospectively enrolled and received a 5-min BUSA. Patients received routine work-up for acute appendicitis as deemed appropriate by the attending physician. ...
Ates Mustafa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic and diagnostic laparoscopy, a minimal invasive technique, has been used effectively and frequently for appendicitis by surgeons. There is still controversy about whether this technique should be applied to all patients or in the setting of a doubt of the diagnosis of appendicitis, especially for women. Based on ...
Harlak Ali - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the role of atopy on the development of appendicitis. Acute appendicitis is the most common indication for emergent laparotomy especially in the late teens and early 20s. The pathogenesis generally begins with luminal obstruction caused by fecal mass, seeds, stricture, and ...
Torra Roser - - 2008
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is a systemic disorder with a wide range of extrarenal involvement. The scope of this study was to analyze the prevalence of seminal cysts and to correlate these findings with the sperm parameters in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. A prospective study enrolled ...
Maia Hugo H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of oral contraceptives containing gestodene on aromatase expression in the endometrium of patients diagnosed with endometriosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Endometrial biopsies were taken at the time of laparoscopy in 40 patients with endometriosis, 16 of whom were using an oral contraceptive containing gestodene at the ...
Palomba Stefano - - 2008
Metformin is an insulin sensitizer currently used for treating type-2 diabetes mellitus and recently administered for inducing ovulatory menstrual cycles in oligo-amenorrhoeic patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim of the present review is to describe the efficacy of metformin as an ovulation inducer on the basis of the ...
Hernandez Roma - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To improve the diagnostic accuracy of identifying acute appendicitis, imaging modalities, such as ultrasound and the computed tomography scan, are used in combination with the history and physical examination. There is no reliable single laboratory marker to assist with this diagnosis. During inflammation, enterochromaffin cells in the appendix secrete ...
Esinler Ibrahim - - 2008
The aim of this study was to assess the rates of variant alleles of cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). It was designed as a case-control study in Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Genetics. Forty-eight patients with PCOS served as ...
KALANTAR MOTAMEDI, M.R.
Background: Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of acute surgical abdomen. Inspite of the introduction of ultrasonography, computed tomography scanning and laparo-scopy in the years 1987-1997 the difficulty in accurate diagnosis of acute appendicitis has remained the same. Our way of reaching a decision for operating in a patient ...
Godinjak Zulfo - - 2008
The aim of this study was to clarify the role of simultaneous combined diagnostic approach using laparoscopy and hysteroscopy in the evaluation of female infertility. In a retrospective study, 360 infertile women underwent complete fertility evaluation. All the patients were examined by simultaneous combined laparoscopy and hysteroscopy as a part ...
Zareen Nabila - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the management and obstetric outcome, in terms of take home baby rate, of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS). STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Baqai University Hospital, Nazimabad and Baqai Institute of Reproduction and Developmental Sciences, from January 1998 to December 2002. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Onur M R - - 2008
Several studies have suggested that male infertility and testicular cancer may have common aetiological factors. Scrotal ultrasonography (US) has an important role in the diagnosis of testicular tumours when not palpable by physical examination. In this study, we present two infertile men referred to our clinic. Patients were evaluated by ...
Battaglia Cesare - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate if young polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients have subclinical risks of vascular disease compared with eumenorrheic polycystic ovary (PCO) women and healthy controls. METHODS: Twenty-eight PCOS patients, 17 eumenorrheic PCO women, and 15 healthy eumenorrheic volunteers underwent medical examination; blood measurement of nitrites/nitrates, biochemical and hormonal parameters; ...
Simoni Manuela - - 2008
A total of 3179 patients were screened for Y-chromosome microdeletions and 821 patients for partial AZFc deletions. Thirty-nine Y-chromosomal microdeletions were found (2.4% of men with <1 x 10(6)/ml spermatozoa): two AZFa, two AZFb, one AZFbc, one partial AZFb, one partial AZFb+c and 32 AZFc (b2/b4). Partial AZFc deletions were ...
Sharma Nand
<b>Background:</b> Despite worldwide prevalence of hirsutism studies on hirsutism in Indian patients are not many. <b> Aims:</b> This retrospective study was carried out to assess the clinico-investigative profile of patients presenting with hirsutism. <b> Materials and Methods:</b> Medical records of 82 hirsutism patients diagnosed consecutively during July 2005 to October ...
Refaat Maged Mohamed - - 2008
Nasal carriage of staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) exerts immunomodulatory effect in patients with atopic dermatitis and it may contribute to airway inflammation and allergic response in patients with allergic rhinitis. We Aim to investigate the frequency of nasal S.aureus carriage in patients with persistent allergic rhinitis and its possible influence on ...
Al-Ruhaily Atallah D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hirsutism among women of fertile age is commonly seen in clinical practice, but the pattern of the disease in Saudi Arabs has not been studied. The aim of the study was to determine the clinical, biochemical and etiologic features of hirsutism in Saudi females. METHODS: 101 Saudi Arab women ...
Aherne Noel J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We report the case of a patient with treated Stage Ia seminoma who was found to have an elevated beta human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) on routine follow - up. This instigated restaging and could have lead to commencement of chemotherapy. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a bodybuilder, and following ...
Omundsen Mark S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to ascertain how well patients recall their discharge diagnosis and details of their surgical procedure after a diagnostic laparoscopy at our institution. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-five patients were identified as being eligible in the study. Patient characteristics and treatment details were recorded. ...
Sharma Nand Lal - - 2008
Despite worldwide prevalence of hirsutism studies on hirsutism in Indian patients are not many. This retrospective study was carried out to assess the clinico-investigative profile of patients presenting with hirsutism. Medical records of 82 hirsutism patients diagnosed consecutively during July 2005 to October 2007 were analyzed. The complete data of ...
Refaat Maged Mohamed - - 2008
Nasal carriage of staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) exerts immunomodulatory effect in patients with atopic dermatitis and it may contribute to airway inflammation and allergic response in patients with allergic rhinitis. We Aim to investigate the frequency of nasal S.aureus carriage in patients with persistent allergic rhinitis and its possible influence on ...
Guss David A - - 2008
Helical abdominal computed tomography (HCT) is a common test in the evaluation of patients with presumed appendicitis. Studies have demonstrated HCT to have high sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value. Despite this, there has not been consistent demonstration that HCT has had beneficial effect on patient outcome. The ...
Yasmin Haleema - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To confirm the diagnosis of Asherman's syndrome in patients with scanty menses/amenorrhoea or infertility and to assess the effectiveness of hysteroscopy in the treatment of Asherman's syndrome. METHODS: A hospital based descriptive study conducted on 20 patients presenting with amenorrhoea, oligomenorrhoea, or infertility from Jan 2004 to June 2005. ...
Luque-Ramírez Manuel - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We evaluated carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) as an early marker of atherosclerosis, as well as its main determinants among androgen excess, obesity and insulin resistance, in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: We selected 40 PCOS patients and 20 non-hyperandrogenic women who were similar in terms of age ...
Ratts Valerie S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of multiple gestation following treatment with clomiphene citrate (CC), metformin (MET) or gonadotropins in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients undergoing ovulation induction. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, cohort study performed in an academic reproductive endocrine practice. PCOS patients presenting for first-trimester ultrasound were identified ...
Kurotsuchi Shozo - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to confirm the seropositive rate of Helicobacter pylori to which antibodies cross-react with spermatozoon flagella in patients with infertility. Of the 204 patients in whom the anti-H. pylori IgG antibody in serum and follicular fluids were measured, 45 (22.1%) were seropositive for H. ...
Sieniawski Michal - - 2008
To date, there is little information on the impact of more aggressive treatment regimen such as BEACOPP (bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone) on the fertility of male patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). We evaluated the impact of BEACOPP regimen on fertility status in 38 male patients with ...
Moein, Mohammad Reza
Background: Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) are a group of free radicals that in excessive amounts have negative influence on sperm quality and function. Objective: We compared ROS levels in seminal plasma of infertile men with this level in healthy donors. We also determined the ROS level in semen of infertile ...
Sioutas Angelos - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To measure nitric oxide gas directly in the uterus of healthy women and patients with suspected pelvic inflammatory disease. DESIGN: Pilot case-control study. SETTING: The emergency department of a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Twenty premenopausal, nonpregnant women from 18 to 48 years of age with lower abdominal pain and nine ...
Koscinski I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Severe oligozoospermia is characterized by sperm count fluctuations that may result in insufficient quantities of motile sperm for ICSI on the day of oocyte retrieval, thus necessitating testicular biopsy. To avoid this, we proposed that patients, with transient azoospermia or repeatedly low sperm counts, make a safety pool of ...
Koga Minoru - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Testicular sperm extraction (TESE), together with intracytoplasmic sperm injection, has become the treatment of choice for patients with nonobstructive azoospermia related to nonmosaic Klinefelter syndrome (KS) who want to father children. However, predicting successful microdissection TESE for patients with KS remains controversial. Thus, we conducted a study to determine ...
Christensen Jared D - - 2007
Cryptorchidism represents a common condition affecting male infants that has significant clinical implications, including infertility and testicular malignancy. The precise developmental mechanisms leading to cryptorchidism are poorly understood; however, abnormalities in both functional anatomic and hormonal factors during embryogenesis and testicular descent are implicated. Although surgical intervention is ultimately required, ...
Lemos Nadiane Albuquerque - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ovarian reserve and follicular cohort of infertile patients with minimal/mild endometriosis. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Patients were divided into two groups: group I, minimal/mild endometriosis and group II, tubal obstruction. The following exclusion criteria were established: [1] patients with previous endocrine disorders; and ...
Beltrán Marcelo A - - 2007
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Few studies have addressed the predictive value of white blood cells (WBCs) and C-reactive protein (CRP) at different cutoff values in appendicitis. Our purpose was to determine the cutoff values for WBC and CRP at different periods during clinical evolution of appendicitis and to establish their use for the ...
Bayrak Aykut - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of a patient who had multiple follicular growth in the presence of an undiagnosed ectopic pregnancy (EP). DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: In vitro fertilization unit at a university hospital. PATIENT(S): A 34-year-old patient with secondary infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Superovulation with clomiphene citrate (CC) and IUI. MAIN ...
Kubota Masayuki - - 2007
The present study was conducted to clarify whether a gubernaculum abnormality exists in mobile testis or not. Testicular fixation was performed in 57 patients with mobile testis with a mean age of 3.6 years (range; 7 months-12 years). Twenty-six patients were bilateral and 31 patients were unilateral cases. Control gubernaculum ...
Scalvini Tiziano - - 2007
PURPOSE: We report that primary infertility and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism in young patients may be caused by testicular amyloidosis and it is associated with the presence of a mutation in the apoA-I gene, resulting in the replacement of proline for leucine at residue 75 of the protein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten ...
Donkol Ragab H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was done to assess the sonographic findings that could predict the outcome of varicocele repair in the treatment of male infertility/subfertility related to varicocele. METHODS: This was a retrospective study and follow-up of 107 selected patients with male factor infertility related to the presence of varicocele. The ...
Karazincir Sinem - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of the retroaortic left renal vein (RLRV) in patients with varicocele. METHODS: The left renal vein was ultrasonographically investigated for the presence of the RLRV in 140 patients with varicocele and a control group of 137 age-matched patients. The ...
Jeffers Lennox J - - 2007
Serum markers of liver fibrosis are difficult to validate, due to the sampling error and observer variability associated with percutaneous liver biopsies. Laparoscopic biopsy decreases sampling error and increases the reliability of histopathologic assessment. We prospectively evaluated the FIBROSpect(SM) II serum marker test for viral liver fibrosis against laparoscopic biopsies ...
Sun Li - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic value of 3-dimensional transrectal ultrasonography (3D-TRS) in adolescent patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Ovarian follicle number, ovarian volume, ovarian stromal area, total ovarian area, and stromal area to total area ratio (S/A) were evaluated using 3D-TRS in 75 amenorrheic, oligomenorrheic, or asymptomatic virgin ...
Kisacik Bunyamin - - 2007
This study was conducted to define the value of procalcitonin (PCT) levels in the differential diagnosis of abdominal familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) attacks from acute appendicitis. From October 2006 to January 2007, 28 FMF (12 males, 16 females) patients with acute abdominal attacks and 34 patients (18 males) with acute ...
Dietrich Jennifer E - - 2007
Undescended ovaries are frequently seen in conjunction with uterine malformations and are typically found during the course of an infertility evaluation. Other important clinical signs may prompt evaluation in an adolescent patient, though this may also be an incidental finding. An understanding of embryologic features is critical for management. It ...
Al-Kubaisi Saad R I - - 2007
Transvaginal Sonography (TVS) is being used in the investigation of postmenopausal bleeding (PMB). The bleeding could be the result of a number of factors; endometrial polyps are one of the common findings in these patients. The aim was to compare the findings of TVS and hysteroscopy to determine the sensitivity ...
Kissler S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Enlargement of the junctional zone (JZ) on T2-weighted resonance imaging of the uterus has recently been established as the major criterion for adenomyosis in patients with endometriosis. This study was conducted to analyse the extent of adenomyosis using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and relate it to the duration of ...
Acién Pedro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between aromatase expression in endometriotic tissues and clinical and laboratory findings. DESIGN: Prospective basic and clinical research. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Sixty-two women with endometriosis, and 12 without endometriosis. INTERVENTION(S): Conservative surgery, or hysterectomy and adnexectomy, along with an immunohistochemical study of aromatase in endometriotic ...
Ahmed Irfan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The vermiform appendix has no constant position and the data on the variations in its position are limited. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of the various positions of the appendix at laparoscopy. METHODS: Patients undergoing emergency or elective laparoscopy at a university teaching hospital ...
Schoyer Katherine D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate serum insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) levels during stimulation in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and control populations as factors predictive of IVF outcome. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Academic medical center-based IVF practice. PATIENT(S): Forty-three PCOS and 33 male-factor control patients undergoing IVF ...
Arafa Mohamed Mostafa - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of prostatic massage (PM) as a method for obtaining semen in men with spinal cord injury (SCI) and to evaluate the semen parameters in the semen samples obtained by this method. Sixty-nine patients with SCI underwent PM as a trial ...
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