Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1556
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Chapron Charles - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of intrinsic ureteral endometriosis in patients presenting with severe ureteral endometriosis. DESIGN: Observational study between June 1992 and December 2007. SETTING: University tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): Twenty-nine patients presenting deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) with severe ureteral endometriosis. Severe ureteral endometriosis was defined as DIE lesions ...
Reisch Nicole - - 2009
CONTEXT: Testicular adrenal rest tumors (TARTs) are regarded to contribute to the high prevalence of subfertility in males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to evaluate reduced fecundity and its possible causes in well-controlled adult males with CAH, and to investigate diagnostic tools for improved treatment monitoring ...
Colpi Giovanni M - - 2009
In a population of non-obstructive azoospermia patients, the efficacy of microsurgical testicular sperm extraction (microTESE) and conventional TESE was evaluated in a randomized controlled study on 138 testicles, classified and paired in a 48-square table according to the different classes of the following three variables: patient plasma FSH concentration, orchidometry ...
Wiersma Rinus - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to describe the gonadal tissue found in the Southern African true hermaphrodite and establish if there was a correlation between the clinical and histopathologic findings and if these findings were similar to patients with this condition elsewhere. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study ...
Akinola R A - - 2009
Structural abnormalities of the female genital tract, whether congenital or acquired could result in infertility or reproductive failure. This study retrospectively analysed the structural abnormalities found in patients who had hysterosalpingography in the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH), Ikeja. A descriptive analysis of structural abnormality of the uterine cavity, ...
Tassistro Virginie - - 2009
The study was taken up to define criteria of normality for meiosis by assessing the frequency of meiotic prophase cell types, the frequency of pachytene substage in normal and abnormal spermatogenesis and to determine what synaptonemal complex. A quantitative and qualitative analysis of the first meiotic prophase was performed in ...
Orvieto Raoul - - 2009
In an attempt to examine whether body mass index (BMI) may influence IVF outcome in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients undergoing ovarian stimulation with either gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-agonist (agonist group) or antagonist (antagonist group), 100 IVF cycles were studied: 35 in the agonist and 65 in the antagonist groups. In ...
Paulson John D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether anterior vaginal wall tenderness in a patient with unexplained infertility correlated to a high percentage of finding endometriosis on laparoscopy. METHOD: Fifty-five consecutive patients with unexplained infertility had vaginal examinations with anterior wall palpation to determine whether there was tenderness (AVWT). As part of the infertility ...
Artini Paolo Giovanni - - 2009
We aimed to examine the behaviour of the angiogenetic factor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its soluble receptor (sVEGFR-1) in polycystic ovary patients undergoing In vitro fertilisation (IVF) compared with respect to normally ovulating controls. Levels of VEGF and sVEGFR-1 were compared in follicular fluid and serum, both on ...
Huang Andy - - 2010
To determine the prevalence of elevated total and free T, and DHEAS, alone and in combination, in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Cross-sectional analysis. Tertiary care academic medical center. Seven hundred twenty patients diagnosed with PCOS according to the National Institutes of Health 1990 criteria. History, physical examination, and ...
Yeung C H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is no systematic study on coiled sperm in semen, although they are commonly observed. This work characterizes coiled sperm in infertile men to understand the clinical implications and investigate the possible cause by osmotic swelling. METHODS: Coiled sperm in semen from 439 infertile patients were quantified and their ...
Besouw Martine T P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the fertility status in adult, male cystinosis patients treated with cysteamine. Cystinosis is an autosomal recessive disease leading to intralysosomal cystine accumulation. Worldwide, a few female cystinosis patients have given birth. However, no male cystinosis patients are known to have induced pregnancy. Adequate cysteamine treatment might improve ...
Sodergren Mikael H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm) infestation can present with symptoms resembling acute appendicitis, although current evidence suggests that it does not necessarily cause acute appendicitis. The purpose of this study was to characterize the clinical presentation of patients with pinworms in the vermiform appendix and to establish features suggestive of this ...
El Feky Mohamed A - - 2009
Chlamydia trachomatis infection is considered to be one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. It is currently unclear whether chlamydial infection causes pathological conditions of the male accessory glands has consequences for male infertility. To determine the frequency of C. trachomatis Infection among infertile men with leukocytospermia using different ...
Bakirtas Hasan - - 2009
AIMS: To investigate the relation between the findings of physical examination and ultrasonography and to evaluate whether venous diameter (VD) and retrograde flow volume (RFV) have any additional benefit to the diagnosis of suspected low-grade varicoceles. METHODS: Five hundred and fifty-two patients who applied to our outpatient clinic due to ...
Karrer-Voegeli Sandra - - 2009
Hirsutism, acne, alopecia, and oligo-amenorrhea are clinical expressions of hyperandrogenism, one of the most frequent endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. Women referred to our endocrine clinics for skin symptoms of hyperandrogenism underwent a laboratory workup to evaluate hormone measurements and received antiandrogen therapy. We retrospectively analyzed the outcome ...
Dirican Abuzer - - 2009
Spontaneous non-occlusive ischemic colitis involving the cecum alone (isolated cecal necrosis) is a rare condition that is generally due to a low-flow state: shock. It presents with right lower quadrant abdominal pain and may resemble acute appendicitis. Little is known about postoperative ischemic necrosis of the remaining colon after surgical ...
Sand Michael - - 2009
Procalcitonin (PCT) is an established laboratory marker for disease severity in patients with infection and sepsis. In addition, PCT has been shown to be an effective marker for a limited number of localized infections. However, whether or not PCT has any diagnostic value for acute appendicitis, still remains unclear. The ...
Liberty Gad - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report the first case series of ovarian hemorrhage after transvaginal ultrasonographically guided oocyte aspiration (TVOA). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: In vitro fertilization unit of a tertiary university hospital. PATIENT(S): Patients who underwent TVOA during a 6-year period. INTERVENTION(S): Surgical intervention due to active bleeding from the ovary. MAIN ...
Chelli Mohamed Hassen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study the chromosomal content of spermatozoa selected by intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) in cases of macrocephalic sperm head syndrome. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Obstetrics, gynecology, urology, and reproductive biology departments. PATIENT(S): Two infertile patients with large-headed spermatozoa. INTERVENTION(S): Fluorescence in situ hybridization on selected spermatozoa with ...
Zampieri N - - 2008
AIM: Clinical diagnosis of appendicitis in children is often difficult. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of ultrasound with graded compressed technique in cases with suspected appendicitis. METHODS: A radiological classification of appendicitis was formulated associated with the surgical/histological degree. Afterwards, 92 patients with suspected appendicitis ...
Iafrate Massimo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the normal structure of spermatic vein wall and the morphological alterations in patients with grades 1-3 varicocele. METHODS: We dissected and analyzed a 2-3 cm tract of a pampiniform plexus vein of 30 patients undergoing antegrade scrotal sclerotherapy for left varicocele ...
Jing Jianhong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To explore novel endometriosis serum biomarkers by surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS). DESIGN: First, we aimed to discover the potential biomarkers of endometriosis by SELDI-TOF-MS. Second, blinded test was performed to characterize the effectiveness of the model by examining the sensitivity and specificity. Third, 29 postoperative patients ...
Garolla Andrea - - 2008
Sperm selection for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), based on standard morphology, can fail to select normal cells, and actual methods to evaluate their physiological status do not allow their later use for ICSI. Some authors have demonstrated that sperm selection based on high-magnification morphology is associated with a better ICSI ...
Revel Ariel - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether oocyte retrieval and in vitro maturation (IVM) is effective in girls undergoing fertility preservation before cancer treatment. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary university medical center. PATIENT(S): Patients <or=20 years old before gonadotoxic chemotherapy undergoing ovarian cortex cryopreservation. INTERVENTION(S): Before ovarian cortex cryopreservation, oocytes in all observed ...
Sakamoto Hideo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether varicocele influences the testicular volume-function relationship. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): One hundred fifty infertile patients with varicocele and 299 without varicocele. INTERVENTION(S): Semen analyses, scrotal ultrasound, and serum FSH, LH, and T levels. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The mean testicular volume was measured ...
Rousset P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To describe the grayscale and color Doppler ultrasound findings in women with ovarian hyperthecosis. METHODS: In a retrospective study, we reviewed the findings on ultrasound examination of the ovaries in 10 patients with proven hyperthecosis. Clinical features had been recorded and testosterone levels measured in all cases. The ovaries ...
Grunewald Sonja - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sperm chromatin decondensation (SCD) rates of the annexin-negative (nonapoptotic) sperm fraction of patients with infertility using hamster intracytoplasmic sperm injection (H-ICSI). In healthy donors, the depletion of apoptotic sperm using annexin V-based magnetic-activated cell separation (MACS) enhances hamster oocyte sperm penetration but does not increase SCD ...
Pall M E - - 2008
Women with Cushing's syndrome (CS) and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) may present with similar symptoms. Subjects with mild CS lack clinical stigmata of classical CS and often have normal laboratory tests measuring hypercortisolism. Thus, distinguishing mild CS from PCOS may be difficult. We hypothesized that either total testosterone (TT) or ...
Lempiäinen Anna - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We studied whether measurement of the free beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCGbeta) in serum offers additional diagnostic information compared to determination of intact hCG alone in testicular cancer. METHODS: We determined hCG and hCGbeta with ultrasensitive assays in 94 serum samples obtained preoperatively, 22 samples obtained during ...
La Vignera Sandro - - 2008
AIM: To identify and define prostate and seminal vesicle abnormalities in patients with chronic male accessory gland infection (MAGI) who failed to respond to antibacterial treatment. METHODS: We selected 67 consecutive patients with MAGI and persistently elevated bacteriospermia (=or>10(6) colony forming units [CFU]/mL) after three antibiotic courses. Fourteen infertile patients ...
Orvieto Raoul - - 2009
In an attempt to examine the influence of the type of GnRH analogue used during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation on IVF outcome in patients with an unfavorable outcome a priori, we studied 728 consecutive cycles in patients with repeated IVF failure. In patients with repeated failure, the GnRH agonist group showed ...
Lorusso Filomenamila - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: In the present paper we evaluate the incidence of intrauterine pathologies in a population undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. Moreover, we compare the IVF outcome between patients with normal and abnormal uterine findings to determine if office hysteroscopy (OH) is of any clinical significance. METHODS: The hysteroscopic findings ...
Al-Mulhim Abdul-Rahman S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To find out the efficacy of Modified Alvarado (MA) scoring system in diagnosis of acute appendicitis in the overweight patients. METHODS: All the patients with suspected acute appendicitis admitted in the surgical department at King Fahad Hospital, Hofuf, Al-Hassa, during the period from September 2004 to December 2006 were ...
Patel Rakesh P - - 2008
PURPOSE: Cryptorchidism occurs in 25% of boys with myelomeningocele (MMC) compared to 3% of the general population. Testicular biopsy histopathology correlates with future sperm counts. We studied testicular histology in boys with cryptorchidism and MMC to investigate if the MMC influences histological findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted ...
Geidam A D - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to determine the prevalence and pattern of endocrinological abnormalities in patients investigated for male infertility in our environment. METHODS: An observational, retrospective study was conducted on men investigated for infertility at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital over a two-year period, from April 2004 to March ...
Shamsa Ali - - 2008
To form spermatocele from vaginal layers as a sperm reservoir and intra-uterine insemination (IUI) in infertile men with bilateral vas agenesis (BVA), we studied 19 patients with azoospermia due to BVA referred to our infertility clinic from March 1992 until May 2003. The ages of the patients ranged from 20-41 ...
Kato Yoshifumi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether Lapprotector, a protective film and ring device for protecting wounds, can prevent wound infection after open appendectomy. METHODS: We performed open appendectomy on 64 patients between 2004 and 2006. In September 2005, we started using Lapprotector to protect the site of incision (McBurney's point). Patients were ...
Ebert Anne K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Genital and reproductive function have a strong effect on the quality of life of adolescent and adult male patients with the exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC). According to the limited available data, early exstrophy reconstruction, as well as recurrent infectious or operative trauma, have been responsible for the low fertility rates. ...
Wölfler Monika M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether distinct patterns of serum proteins in symptomatic women are of value to predict endometriosis before laparoscopy. DESIGN: Prospective exploratory cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENT(S): A total of 91 consecutive symptomatic patients suffering from dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, or unexplained infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Collection of ...
García-Manero Manuel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this investigation was to assess whether a correlation exists among microvascular density (MVD), expression of endothelial growth factor, and pelvic pain in patients with ovarian endometriosis. METHODS: Sixty-five patients (mean age 33.3 years, range 20-49 years) were diagnosed as having suspected cystic ovarian endometriosis and were ...
Riesenman Paul J PJ Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Critical Care, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2008
Nonfocused enhanced CT (NFECT) using intravenous and oral contrast is highly sensitive and specific for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis but requires additional time for transit of oral contrast and imaging interpretation. The aim of this study was to review our use of NFECT for the evaluation of acute appendicitis. ...
Berthaut Isabelle - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent progress in the treatment of sickle cell disease, in particular the use of hydroxyurea, has considerably modified the prognosis of this disease. Many more patients now reach reproductive age. The objective of this study was to assess the potential impact of hydroxyurea on the semen of patients. DESIGN ...
Alaedeen Diya I - - 2008
PURPOSE: A fecalith is a fecal concretion that can obstruct the appendix leading to acute appendicitis. We hypothesized that the presence of a fecalith would lead to an earlier appendiceal perforation. METHODS: Between January 2001 and December 2005, the charts of all patients younger than 18 years old who underwent ...
Palomba Stefano - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate ovulation and pregnancy predictors in infertile polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients who received clomiphene citrate (CC) and metformin as first-line ovulation inductors. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. SETTING: Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universities Magna Graecia of Catanzaro and Federico II of Naples, Italy. PATIENT(S): Eighty infertile anovulatory ...
Mansour Gihan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of L-carnitine (LC) against deleterious substances present in the peritoneal fluid (PF) of patients with endometriosis, which may affect the oocyte cytoskeleton and embryogenesis. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Research embryology laboratory at an academic hospital. PATIENT(S): Frozen metaphase II mouse oocytes and embryos. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Segal Shimon - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of premature luteinization in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) with exogenous gonadotropin/GnRH antagonist (GnRH-a); to compare clinical outcomes in patients with and without premature luteinization. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: IVF clinic. PATIENT(S): Thirty-five treatment cycles in 30 patients ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether abnormal autoimmune function and number of triple CGG repeats on the FMR1 (fragile X) gene, both historically associated with risk toward premature ovarian senescence, represent independent risk factors. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academically affiliated, private fertility center. PATIENT(S): Forty consecutive, new infertility patients, of which ...
Clark P J - - 2008
Acute eosinophilic enteritis is a difficult diagnosis to make. Insufficient consideration of eosinophilia may commit patients to surgical treatment when medical therapy may be appropriate. The aim of the study was to determine whether the eosinophil count was considered in the diagnostic evaluation of patients presenting with acute abdominal pain ...
Fox J Christian - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of emergency physicians using bedside ultrasound to detect appendicitis (BUSA). METHODS: Patients presenting to the emergency department with a clinical suspicion of appendicitis were prospectively enrolled and received a 5-min BUSA. Patients received routine work-up for acute appendicitis as deemed appropriate by the attending physician. ...
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