Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1556
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Yajima Hiroshi - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the frequency of common signs and symptoms and the histopathologic findings of resected appendix to identify factors that might be useful for judging the necessity for surgery in patients with acute appendicitis. The association of preoperative clinical characteristics, including ...
Pradhan Vandana - - 2010
To identify Fc γ RIIA genotypes in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients and their association with anti-C1q antibodies. Methods. Fc γ RIIA genotyping was done in eighty Indian SLE patients and eighty healthy controls using allele-specific PCR. Anti-C1q antibodies were measured by ELISA. Results. LN patients showed higher SLEDAI (6-32) ...
Cojocaru Inimioara Mihaela - - 2010
The objective of the study was to assess the frequence of serum IgG anti-neuronal antibodies (NA) in SLE patints with CNS manifestations. Serum anti-NA antibodies were measured in 47 patients with SLE with CNS manifestations (CNS-SLE), age 33-52 years, mean age 38.6 years, 18 men and 29 women, as compared ...
Nouri Kazem - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Initial publications examining the hereditary aspects of endometriosis appeared in the early seventies and demonstrated an up to seven-fold risk for endometriosis in first-degree relatives of endometriosis patients. The aim was to evaluate the influence of hereditary aspects on the endometriosis risk in our patient collective. METHODS: In a ...
Miseljic Nenad - - 2010
Sonographic detection and evaluation of congenital anomalies of the uterus represent an important segment in the additional therapeutic procedure, that is, treatment of patients with congenital anomalies of the uterus. Besides the primary reason that is manifested in the total cure of the patients, the secondary reason represents the decrease ...
Planken Erik - - 2010
PURPOSE: We determined whether chronic testicular pain is related to pelvic floor overactivity after ruling out other disease pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 41 patients with chronic testicular pain evaluated at our Pelvic Floor Department at a tertiary academic center were included in this retrospective study. All patients ...
Poyrazoglu Sukran - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Testicular microlithiasis (TM) is characterized by calcium deposits within the seminiferous tubules and is associated with benign and malign conditions. Aim: To determine TM prevalence in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and its association with testicular adrenal rest tumors (TART). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Scrotal ultrasound using a high-frequency ...
Zhao Liang-Yun - - 2010
Based on comparative analyses of the precision as well as reliability of the diagnostic results on fine-needle vasography (FNV) and transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) in the diagnosis of patients who were suspected of having ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO), this paper aims to demonstrate whether or not FNV techniques still constitute the ...
Ceylan C - - 2010
We looked for a possible association between Klinefelter syndrome (KFS) and microdeletions in the Y chromosome in Turkish KFS patients. We examined the frequency of KFS in male patients with proven non-obstructive azoospermia and the types of Y chromosome microdeletions in these KFS patients. Fifty azoospermic patients and 50 fertile ...
Ioniţă-Radu Florentina - - 2010
Celiac disease (CD) is an immune mediated enteropathy with an increasing prevalence worldwide. It is estimated that 1% of general population in Europe is suffering from this ailment. The clinically silent form affects the majority of patients. Hence, diarrhea, nutritional deficiencies and weight loss are symptoms which are not very ...
Arndt-Marić Ragna - - 2010
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the leading causes of heart failure in the western world but there is still no specific and early diagnosis available. Besides a genetic predisposition and viral infections, autoimmune reactions play an important role in the pathogenesis of DCM. The beta1-adrenergic receptor (beta1-AR) has been ...
Franco Carlos - - 2010
Lupus nephritis is one of the most serious manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). African Americans generally have a more severe presentation and more often progress to end stage renal disease (ESRD) than Caucasians. Several studies point to higher creatinine, low complement levels, thrombocytopenia, anemia, hypertension, and proliferative glomerulonephritis as ...
Podgaec Sergio - - 2010
This study analyzed the relationship between clinical characteristics of endometriosis and Th1/Th2 immune response patterns. A prospective study was performed with 65 patients with endometriosis (Group A) and 33 without the disease (Group B). Measurement of IL 2, 4 and 10, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma was carried out in peripheral blood ...
Norões Joaquim - - 2010
Chronic hydrocele is the most common manifestation of bancroftian filariasis, an endemic disease in 80 countries. In a prospective study, we evaluated the occurrence of intrascrotal lymphangiectasia, gross appearance/consistency of the testis, and the efficacy of complete excision of hydrocele sac in patients living in a bancroftian filariasis endemic area ...
Demirogullari Billur - - 2010
In this study, colonic manometry studies of the patients with repaired anorectal malformations (ARM) were compared with those of patients with severe colonic dismotility due to chronic constipation (CC) and acute pseudo-obstruction (PSO). The patients with repaired ARM were accepted as group #1 (n=10). The patients with CC and acute ...
Boissonnas Céline Chalas - - 2010
DNA methylation marks, a key modification of imprinting, are erased in primordial germ cells and sex specifically re-established during gametogenesis. Abnormal epigenetic programming has been proposed as a possible mechanism compromising male fertility. We analysed by pyrosequencing the DNA methylation status of 47 CpGs located in differentially methylated regions (DMRs), ...
Sánchez-López J - - 2010
Local reactions to glatiramer acetate are common, but few cases of hypersensitivity reaction have been reported. We present 3 patients with multiple sclerosis who suffered immediate-type local reactions after subcutaneous injection of glatiramer acetate. Skin prick test (SPT), intradermal test (IDT), and determination of immunoglobulin (Ig) E to glatiramer acetate ...
Fallatah Hind I - - 2010
Hypergammaglobulinemia is frequently observed in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) of different causes. On the other hand, elevated levels of serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) are the best diagnostic marker for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). Thus, the ability to distinguish AIH patients from patients with other liver disease, especially patients with ...
Smit Marij - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To establish the diagnostic value of sperm chromatin structure assessment for the evaluation of male factor infertility, in addition to conventional andrological workup. DESIGN: Cross-sectional controlled study. SETTING: A tertiary referral andrology clinic. PATIENT(S): Two hundred seventy-nine male partners of infertile couples. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The DNA ...
Patel Sutchin R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare the frequency of testicular size discrepancy between infertile men with and without varicoceles. METHODS: The records of adult patients presenting for male infertility evaluations were examined. The testicular volumes and presence or absence of varicocele and varicocele grade were recorded. Testicular size discrepancy was defined as a ...
Freeland Michael - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of appendicitis in pregnant patients is challenging. METHODS: The records of pregnant patients with suspected appendicitis were reviewed. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients with suspected appendicitis were identified. Twenty-four patients did not undergo surgery. Twenty-three patients had ultrasound (US), none of which visualized the appendix. Seventeen patients were followed ...
Yoshida Tatsuyuki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The clinical features and principles of surgery of the Ascending Testis (AT), in which the testis ascends from the scrotum with age, are controversial. We selected AT that met the treatment guidelines and examined the clinical features and principles of surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of ...
Almeida C - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to evaluate phosphatidylserine translocation in specific patient groups and compare the rates of apoptosis between ejaculated and testicular spermatozoa. Fifty-six patients undergoing infertility treatments were included in the present study. Semen samples (n = 37) were obtained from cases with normozoospermia (n = ...
Magheli A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: For more than 50 years vasectomy reversal is a routinely performed procedure in the field of urology. However, there is no scientific agreement about morphological changes of the testes caused by vasectomy. The existing evidence for reduced fertility rates following vasectomy reversal demands a clear statement regarding potential histological ...
Swidsinski Alexander - - 2011
Acute appendicitis is a local intestinal inflammation with unclear origin. The aim was to test whether bacteria in appendicitis differ in composition to bacteria found in caecal biopsies from healthy and disease controls. We investigated sections of 70 appendices using rRNA-based fluorescence in situ hybridisation. Four hundred caecal biopsies and ...
Stahl Peter J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefit of Y microdeletion testing. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: University-based male fertility clinic and genetics laboratory. PATIENT(S): A total of 1,591 men with sperm concentrations less than 5 million sperm/mL. INTERVENTION(S): Semen analysis, Y microdeletion testing, microdissection testicular sperm extraction (TESE). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Sperm concentration, ...
Rub?r Marie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Increasing circumstantial evidence suggests that not all patients with appendicitis will progress to perforation and that appendicitis that resolves may be a common event. Based on this theory and on indications of aberrant regulation of inflammation in gangrenous appendicitis, we hypothesized that phlegmonous and gangrenous appendicitis are different entities ...
Yamazaki Yuichiro - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a scrotal nubbin is present in children with unilateral non-palpable testis when diagnostic laparoscopy demonstrates blind-ending vessels and a normal vas deferens entering a closed internal ring. METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with a unilateral nonpalpable testis were retrospectively reviewed. Patients underwent initial diagnostic laparoscopy, and, if ...
Barbosa Caio Parente - - 2009
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Serological testing for CA125 has been widely used to detect endometriosis and to monitor its progression. However, controversy still exists regarding the usefulness of the plasma CA125 assay for diagnosing endometriosis. Furthermore, some authors have described superficial endometriosis as a cyclical and normal phenomenon in women's lives, ...
Hohl Alexandre - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the modalities of treatment for male hypogonadism available in Brazil. METHODS: Thirty-two men with late-onset hypogonadism ('andropause') were followed-up in the Hospital de Guarnição de Florianópolis, in Florianópolis, south Brazil. Clinical diagnosis was established according to AMS questionnaire (positive if equal to or higher than 27 points), ...
Oger P - - 2009
The uterine luminal environment was explored with regard to interleukin-18 (IL-18) and mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and the possibility that the procedure of flushing the uterine cavity would optimize the physiological initial pseudo-inflammatory uterine reaction. Uterine flushings were performed among 175 IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) patients at the time of oocyte ...
Kupesic Sanja - - 2010
To correlate preoperative ultrasound and color Doppler findings in patients with surgically proven adnexal torsion. A 5-year retrospective study included 36 patients with acute lower abdominal and/or pelvic pain. Twenty-four patients had complete adnexal torsion followed by adnexectomy. Twelve patients with partially twisted adnexa underwent detorsion and were followed by ...
Tsuji Isao - - 2009
Patients with unexplained infertility following standard infertility screening tests usually undergo timing therapy that coordinates the time of ovulation and coitus, controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, or intrauterine insemination. If the treatment is unsuccessful, diagnostic laparoscopy is performed. However, with recent improvements in the assisted reproductive technology (ART), there has been a ...
Sadia Shamsunnisa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ovulatory dysfunction is a group of disorders with variable clinical presentations occasionally having serious long-term adverse effects. It accounts for 30% of female fertility problems. Evidence suggests an association between an individual's weight and disorders of ovulation. The objective of our study was to describe the clinical and hormonal ...
Lim Myong Cheol - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The symptoms associated with ovarian cancer are vague. Endometriosis, which causes dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia, is frequently detected along with ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC). We have therefore evaluated the clinical manifestations of OCCC based on the co-existence of endometriosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 43 patients who ...
Barcelos Ionara D - - 2009
Preliminary data from a prospective controlled study did not demonstrate an increased percentage of meiotic abnormalities for in vitro-matured oocytes obtained from stimulated cycles of endometriosis and control patients. However, the tendency toward a higher proportion of telophase I in apparently matured oocytes observed in endometriosis patients suggests an impairment ...
Morimatsu Yukako - - 2009
AIMS: We attempted to determine the future recovery rate of normal menstrual cycles in adolescents with secondary amenorrhea. We also attempted to determine the difference in recovery rate between patients with and without etiological factors for amenorrhea, and between those with first- and second-degree secondary amenorrhea. METHODS: We conducted questionnaire-based ...
Hensen Jan-Hein J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the clinical findings and transvaginal ultrasound features of posterior cul-de-sac endometriosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective search of cases over a 13-year period was performed and yielded 25 patients with posterior cul-de-sac endometriosis. The diagnosis of posterior cul-de-sac endometriosis was confirmed ...
Perrin Aurore - - 2009
The aim of this study was to analyse and compare the meiotic segregation of X-autosome translocation in two male carriers and to discuss couple-specific treatment modality before intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Meiotic segregation was analysed by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) in spermatozoa of two men who were carriers of a ...
Khazamipour N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The causative mechanisms of male infertility are still poorly understood. Mutations in the Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene have been shown to be involved in male infertility; however, other mechanisms of pathogenesis, like promoter hyper-methylation, could also play a role. Therefore, in this study we compared the methylation status of ...
Brown Douglas L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian stromal hyperthecosis (SH) has variable clinical importance but can cause hyperandrogenism, particularly in premenopausal women. Sonography is often used to evaluate the ovaries of women with hyperandrogenism, but there is little published regarding the sonographic appearance of SH. The primary purpose of this study was to describe the ...
Bachelot Anne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Premature ovarian failure (POF) encompasses a heterogeneous spectrum of conditions, with phenotypic variability among patients. The etiology of POF remains unknown in most cases. We performed a global phenotyping of POF women with the aim of better orienting attempts at an etiological diagnosis. DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a ...
Webb Emily M - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to describe the CT appearance and determine the prevalence of thick-walled appendices in patients with an extraintestinal primary malignancy. This potential mimic of appendicitis may occur in up to 2% of cancer patients. Awareness of this pitfall is important to avoid unnecessary laparotomy in ...
Zhao Shu-Yun - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9) and bone morphogenetic protein-15 (BMP-15) on the development of follicles among patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: University Hospital. PATIENT(S): Twenty-two oocytes were obtained from 15 patients with PCOS and 67 oocytes from 58 controls. Cumulus ...
Huddleston Heather G - - 2009
In a selected group of patients with >20% oocyte immaturity during an IVF cycle with FSH alone, the addition of hMG to the stimulation protocol results in a higher yield of mature oocytes and excellent-quality embryos.
Di Fede Gaetana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To verify the conclusions of the Endocrine Society Guidelines that patients with mild hirsutism and no other important clinical signs (menstrual irregularities, infertility, central obesity, acanthosis nigricans, rapid progression of the hirsutism, clitoromegaly) should not be further studied. DESIGN: Retrospective study in patients referred because of mild hirsutism and ...
Desai Ankush - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report a patient with Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) with known hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism who developed spontaneous reversal of hypogonadism in adulthood. DESIGN: Case report and discussion. SETTING: Endocrine unit of a tertiary hospital. PATIENT(S): A 30-year-old male patient with BBS. INTERVENTION(S): Clinical evaluation, fine-needle aspiration of the testes, hormonal, cytogenetic, ...
Sand Michael - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Appendiceal perforation in patients with acute appendicitis may cause a variety of potentially life-threatening complications. Escherichia coli endotoxin has been shown to impact physiological bile flow in vivo. This had led to the theory that hyperbilirubinemia in patients with appendicitis may have a predictive potential for the preoperative diagnosis ...
El-Taieb Moustafa A A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Radical oxidative species (ROS) have an important effect on sperm quality and quantity. Oxidative stress (OS) occurs when production of potentially destructive reactive oxygen species (ROS) exceeds the body's own natural antioxidant defenses, resulting in cellular damage. OS is a common pathology seen in approximately half of all infertile ...
Kitlas Agnieszka - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In physiological research, there are not too many studies on multivariate data sets, containing two or more simultaneously recorded time series. It is important to examine synchronization in these kinds of signals. The aim of this study is to present the linear measures: the cross-correlation function, the coherence function, ...
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