Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1560
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Gagliardi Maria Cristina - - 2011
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the etiological agent of gonorrhoea, an infectious disease characterized by acute inflammation of the urogenital tract with a massive infiltration of neutrophils. Polymorphonuclear leukocyte recruitment is one of the activities of the recently described interleukin-17A (IL-17A); thus, we analyzed the serum concentration of IL-17A, together with IL-23 ...
Núñez Belén - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a multicomponent disease. Autoimmunity can contribute to the pathogenesis of COPD. This study investigates the prevalence of circulating antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and anti-tissue (AT) antibodies, two common markers of autoimmunity, in COPD and their relationship with several components of the disease. We determined lung ...
Fleming Jude Joseph - - 2011
In the present study, the cause of suspected false-positive (anomalous) values for CK-MB activity, in Indian patients investigated for ACS. Total serum CK and CK-MB activity, serum Troponin I were measured and CK-MB as a percentage of the total CK activity (%CK-MB) calculated. CK-MB was also estimated using densitometry and ...
González-de-Olano D - - 2011
Basophil activation tests (BATs) have been demonstrated to be useful in detecting IgE-mediated sensitization by measuring basophil activation surface markers (CD63 and CD203c). Hymenoptera venom is one of the best known mediators-release trigger in patients with systemic mastocytosis (SM). The aim of this study was to investigate the use of ...
Kaleagasi Hakan - - 2011
Objective.- We attempted to investigate the relationship between migraine without aura (MwoA) and bronchial hyper-reactivity to postulate inflammation as an underlying mechanism in migraine. Background.- Comorbidity of migraine and atopic diseases such as asthma has been an argument for suspected immune system dysfunction in migraineurs. Methods.- Twenty patients with MwoA ...
Barcena de Arellano Maria Luisa - - 2011
To investigate the role of the nerve growth factor (NGF) in the endometriosis-associated innervation in the development of endometriosis-associated symptoms, 41 peritoneal fluid samples (PF) from patients with surgically and histologically proven endometriosis and 20 PF from patients with other gynecologic conditions were analyzed with Western blot and a novel ...
Pandey Nitin - - 2010
Endometriosis is a leading cause of infertility, and recent studies suggest that leptin and adiponectin may have a role in its causation and progression. This study assessed levels of leptin and adiponectin in serum and peritoneal fluid (PF) in patients with endometriosis and infertility. This cross-sectional study included women undergoing ...
Alqudah Mohannad - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and contribution of humoral immunodeficiency in refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (RCRS). This study was performed at a tertiary care academic referral center. RCRS patients who had at least three episodes of documented sinusitis in the previous year despite antibiotic therapy, who ...
Lotti F - - 2011
This study was aimed at evaluating the association between seminal plasma interleukin-8 (sIL-8) and colour-Doppler ultrasound (CDU) characteristics of the male genital tract in a series of patients fulfilling the criteria of male accessory gland infections (MAGI). Of 250 subjects seeking medical care for couple infertility, 79 (mean age: 36.4 ± 7.5 years) ...
Hagen Casper P - - 2010
Ovarian function in Turner syndrome (TS) patients depends on the specific karyotype. This retrospective clinical study evaluates the pituitary-gonadal axis during infancy, childhood and adolescence in TS patients according to karyotype and ovarian function. A cohort of 70 TS patients (0-16 years) followed at a tertiary referral centre for paediatric ...
Schober Justine M - - 2010
To assess for the presence of lower urinary tract symptoms and abnormal semen parameters in adults with a history of PUV. The study involved 29 male patients, aged 17-51 (mean 21.5 years), with a history of PUV. Ten had more severe symptoms of frequency, urgency and enuresis, and agreed to ...
Rathod Virender P Singh - - 2010
The physiological and clinical similarities between asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) make their differentiation difficult. In the present study, we compared reversibility to bronchodilator, immunoglobulin E (IgE), blood eosinophil and neutrophil levels among asthma and COPD patients to differentiate these diseases. The study was carried on 20 asthmatics ...
Echarri Ana - - 2010
Infliximab has improved the management of perianal Crohn's disease, but intolerance and loss of efficacy can occur. The use of a second antibody can be less effective. Our aim was to determine if the use of adalimumab, based on a multidisciplinary strategy, can enhance outcomes for patients with fistulizing disease ...
Bak Chong Won - - 2010
To investigate the natural courses of mild, moderate and severe idiopathic oligozoospermia, and which factors or semen variables were of utmost importance in predicting the courses. A total of 208 men (age 29-47years) who were diagnosed with mild, moderate and severe idiopathic oligozoospermia in a 9-year-period between January 2000 and ...
Gubbels Cynthia S - - 2011
Female classic galactosemia patients suffer from primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). The cause for this long-term complication is not fully understood. One of the proposed mechanisms is that hypoglycosylation of complex molecules, a known secondary phenomenon of galactosemia, leads to FSH dysfunction. An earlier study showed less acidic isoforms of FSH ...
La Vignera Sandro - - 2011
Male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) may experience infertility because the disease affects negatively many aspects of reproduction, including seminal vesicle (SV) function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ultrasound characteristics of the SVs of infertile patients with DM because no such data are available ...
Moriya Kimihiko - - 2010
PURPOSE: Reports of pubertal hormonal and gonadal status in patients with hypospadias are scarce. We evaluated the pituitary-gonadal axis and gonadal growth in patients with hypospadias at puberty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed serum luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, testosterone and testicular volume at puberty (age 15 years or greater) ...
Mandeville Katherine - - 2011
The aims of the study were to prospectively evaluate the Alvarado and Samuel (pediatric appendicitis score [PAS]) appendicitis scoring systems in children and determine performance based on sex. Children with abdominal pain concerning for appendicitis were recruited. Nine parameters evaluated by the scores were documented before imaging/surgery consultation. Test characteristics ...
Hemida Mahmoud H - - 2010
There are a number of similarities between protective immune responses against schistosomiasis and asthma. Both are associated with elevated concentrations of IgE and eosinophilia. Chronic schistosomiasis is liked to Th1 like response with involvement of pro-inflammatory cytokines in schistosomal hepatosplenic disease process resulting in low level of IL-5. Meanwhile, association ...
Sieren Leah M - - 2010
Acute appendicitis remains the most common surgical emergency encountered by the general surgeon. It is most often secondary to lymphoid hyperplasia, however it can also result from obstruction of the appendiceal lumen by a mass. We sought to review our experience with neoplasia presenting as appendicitis. We retrospectively reviewed all ...
Villarroel Claudio - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to assess the diagnostic potency of different androgens in hyperandrogenaemia criterion on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) based on receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves analysis. METHODS: We evaluated 55 PCOS patients and 27 healthy fertile women (control). Androgen evaluation included bio-available testosterone (BAT) by ammonium sulphate ...
Song Seung-Hun - - 2010
Most couples with severe male factor infertility are treated with assisted reproduction technology and little has been known about the prognosis of severe male factor infertility itself. We investigated the prognosis of infertile male patients with severe oligozoospermia. Thirty-nine patients with severe nonobstructive oligozoospermia were followed more than 6 months ...
Forti G - - 2010
The prevalence of the Klinefelter's syndrome, ranging between 1/500 and 1/1,000 in the general male population, rises up to 3-4% among infertile males and to 10-12% in azoospermic patients. Due to the paucity of symptoms, only 10% of Klinefelter patients are diagnosed prepubertally. The clinical spectrum of the phenotype of ...
El-Mazny Akmal - - 2011
To evaluate the importance of subjecting the patient to an outpatient (office) hysteroscopy (OH) before assisted reproductive techniques (ART) and patient compliance, possible side effects, and complications of the procedure. Comparative observational cross-sectional study. University hospital. One hundred fifty-two patients attending the outpatient infertility clinic for pre-ART (IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection ...
Karadeniz Muammer - - 2010
Higher Levels of Hcy are associated with several clinical conditions, among them non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, endometrial dysplasia and hypertension with insulin resistance, and polycystic ovary syndrome. The purpose of this study was to investigate the serum homocystein levels and other metabolic parameters in relationship with the MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism ...
Villiger Peter M - - 2010
To study the influence of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists on spermatogenesis in a cohort of patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). Semen samples of 26 patients with SpA were analysed according to WHO 1999 guidelines with and without TNF blocking agents (infliximab, etanercept or adalimumab). were compared with semen samples of ...
Mann David J - - 2010
A 71-year-old black woman presented to the dermatology clinic with a several-year history of increasing numbers of itchy white spots spreading over the chest, back, elbows, and legs. In 2004, the patient developed clusters of mildly pruritic hypopigmented and depigmented macules on her back and left shoulder along with depigmented ...
Winter Leopold - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tubal disturbances often contribute to infertility. Conventional hysterosalpingography (HSG) is considered as standard in the assessment of the patency of the fallopian tubes, but requires ionizing radiation and is restricted to the imaging of endoluminal structures. PURPOSE: To evaluate dynamic magnetic resonance-HSG (dMR-HSG) in the diagnostic work-up in patients ...
Grant Lee - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is evidence to suggest a link between the accumulation of visceral abdominal adipose tissue and an increased incidence of prostate, endometrial, breast, and colonic cancer. PURPOSE: To investigate whether an increase in ratio of visceral to subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue is demonstrated in patients with testicular teratoma. MATERIAL ...
Kumakiri Jun - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the pathogenesis of catamenial pneumothorax associated with endometriosis from a gynecologic perspective. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Eleven patients with clinically suspected catamenial pneumothorax due to frequently recurrent pneumothorax who underwent thoracoscopy between September 2003 and February 2007 at ...
Akbulut Sami - - 2010
Situs inversus (SI) and midgut malrotation (MM) are uncommon anatomic anomalies that complicate diagnosis and management of acute abdominal pain. We present two cases of left-sided acute appendicitis with situs inversus totalis and a literature review of studies published in English language on left-sided acute appendicitis, accessed via Pubmed and ...
Almog Benny - - 2011
Purpose. To investigate whether there is additional value for saline instillation sonohysterography (SIS) as a routine screening tool when baseline transvaginal sonography (TVS) is normal. Methods. Two-hundred ninety four infertility patients underwent baseline TVS and were categorised according to the results. TVS findings were negative in study group (n = 124) and positive (any ...
Kapoor Atul - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study was done to evaluate the role of real-time Elastography (ES) in the diagnosis and staging the severity of acute appendicitis. METHODS: Forty patients with acute pain in the right iliac fossa were evaluated using ES and sonography. All patients with a diagnosis of acute appendicitis on ES ...
Du Jing - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of scrotal and transrectal ultrasonography (US) in the differential diagnosis of azoospermia and the etiologic classification of obstructive azoospermia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by the institutional ethics committee, and all patients provided written informed consent. Between April 2006 and November 2008, 100 ...
Hannoun Antoine - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to look at the prevalence of vocal symptoms and acoustic changes in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A total of 17 patients with PCOS diagnosed on the basis of three criteria: the presence of irregular menstrual cycles, hirsutism, and polycystic ovaries were included ...
Frainais Christophe - - 2010
According french legislation, sperm freezing/thawing procedures are used to prevent ART contaminations in couple with HIV-1 infected men. We determined sperm nuclear fragmentation rate before and after selection and freezing/thawing in HIV-1 14 patients. Two groups of patients were studied: 20 control patients with normal sperm (group 1) and without ...
Schupp C J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of acute appendicitis in pediatric patients is difficult. There are patients with positive ultrasonography without clinical or histological confirmation of acute appendicitis. It is essential to recognise these patients to avoid unnecessary surgery. METHODS: During 1 year, we compared the patients with 'false-positive' ultrasonography with those with ...
Abir Ronit - - 2010
Ewing sarcoma (EWS) is a highly metastatic malignancy in young patients. Ovarian cryopreservation is often an option for fertility preservation in cancer patients of reproductive age, specifically in minors. Thus, the possibility of ovarian involvement in EWS needs to be elucidated. Eight patients aged 13-20 years with EWS participated in ...
Borges Layza Merizio - - 2010
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Throughout the years, patients previously submitted to C-sections may have abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) of the post-menstrual spotting type. This symptom has been correlated to an anatomical defect on the anterior uterine wall. The objective of the present investigation was to assess the hysteroscopy findings of women at ...
Becker Christian M - - 2010
In a prospective, blinded, longitudinal study MMP-2, MMP-9, and MMP-9/neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin were significantly more likely to be detected in the urine of patients with endometriosis than in controls.
Ibekwe P C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is still an integral part of gynecological evaluation of infertile couple and its value has not been underestimated in modern gynecological practice, especially in developing countries. The study aims to evaluate the findings at HSG in patients presenting with infertility at the Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital, ...
Chen Shiou-Sheng - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Varicocele is characterized by abnormal tortuosity and dilatation of the veins of the pampiniform plexus within the spermatic cord and is one of the causes of male infertility. This study aimed to evaluate the differences in biochemical markers and body mass index (BMI) between patients with and without varicocele. ...
Khan Ambareen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify early warning signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer to create awareness for early diagnosis and management of the disease. METHODS: This study was conducted at the department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi from 2003 to 2007, having 75 patients. The information collected included age, ...
Gallegos-Avila Guadalupe - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report the findings encountered in semen samples coming from two infertile men chronically exposed to carbofuran. METHODS: Semen samples were collected and analyzed as recommended by the World Health Organization. A morphological analysis was carried out by light microscopy. RESULTS: Seminal analysis revealed in the first case a ...
Koyuncu Hakan - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible relationship between varicocele and saphenofemoral insufficiency in patients diagnosed with primary varicocele. A total of 70 patients with the primary diagnosis of varicocele were included into the study. A total of 30 age-matched healthy adults were also included in the ...
Goede Joery - - 2010
PURPOSE: We assessed the prevalence of testicular microlithiasis by ultrasound in boys and young men with congenital or acquired undescended (ascending) testis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During followup for testicular growth patients with congenital or acquired undescended (ascending) testis were also screened by ultrasound for testicular microlithiasis, which was defined as ...
Turunc Tahsin - - 2010
To perform conventional and microdissection testicular sperm extraction (TESE) at the same session and compare their effectiveness. Prospective comparative study. University hospital setting. The study included 335 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia. Microdissection TESE was performed to 77 patient with atrophic testes. An additional 258 patients underwent conventional TESE using three ...
Bordin Luciana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the biochemical parameters of the erythrocyte response to diamide-induced oxidative stress, alone or as adjuncts to serum values of CA-125 and human epididymal secretory protein E4 (HE4), in the diagnosis and study of endometriosis. SETTING: University of Padova. DESIGN: Prospective study. PATIENT(S): Forty-five patients of reproductive age ...
Dechanet C - - 2010
This study aimed at evaluating parameters and results of ovarian stimulation for myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) female patients undergoing preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and to assess an eventual association between genotype and ovarian reserve. A retrospective study involved all 17 DM1 patients treated in the study centre's PGD programme. ...
Strowitzki Thomas - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome) is a clinically heterogeneous endocrine disorder which affects up to 4-10% of women of reproductive age. A standardized definition is still difficult because of a huge variety of different phenotypes. The aim of this study was to evaluate possible correlations between the degree of cycle ...
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